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Chlorophylls are (#26) magnesium -containing porphyrins. The light-harvesting complex (or antenna complex) of chloroplast contains (#27) multiple species of chlorophylls plus other light-absorbing pigment(s). The chloroplast photosynthetic reaction center chlorophylls can be excited by receiving energy transferred from the excited state of antenna complex, (#28) be excited by directly absorbing photons from sunlight. [(a) and can also; (b) but cannot] Photosynthesis consists of Dark reactions and Light reactions. The dark reactions can (#29) _____ . The light reactions can (#30) _____ . [(a) never take place under light; (b) take place under light or in the dark; (c) never take place in the dark] The chloroplast photosynthetic light reactions can (#31) _____ water to generate O2. [(a) oxidize; (b) reduce] The photosynthetic light reactions involve two photosystems. The 670 nm light can activate (#32) _____ and the 690 nm light can activate (#33) _____. [(a) only the photosystem I; (b) only the photosystem II; (c) both photosystems; (d) neither photosystems] 4 of 4
• the formation of fructose-1. (b) four. chloroplasts can undergo (#43) _____ photosynthetic electron transport . (e) carboxylase] . (c) eight] Under constant illumination of chloroplasts by 700 nm light. • the formation of ribulose-5-phosphate from xylulose-5-phosphate is a/an (#48) _____. (c) the cyclic and/or the non-cyclic] In photosynthesis. (b) strong. [(a) H2O. energy requiring). (b) stroma. the overall process of dark reactions is endergonic (i.6-bisphosphate from glyceraldehydes-3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate is a/an (#49) _____. (e) P680+] For the overall non-cyclic photosynthetic electron transport pathway.e. (b) 9. [(a) two. • the incorporation of CO2 into an organic metabolite is a/an (#50) _____. (b) only the non-cyclic but not the cyclic. (c) H+. (b) O2. (d) P680*. the enzyme which catalyzes: • the formation of ribose-5-phosphate and xylulose-5-phosphate from glyceraldehyde-3phosphate and sedoheptulose-7-phosphate is a/an (#46) _____. [(a) absolutely zero production. the photosystem II can generate a (#34) _____ reductant in the form of (#35) _____. [(a) two. [(a) 6. there will be (#42) _____ of NADPH by the light reactions. (c) eight] In the non-cyclic photosynthetic electron transport pathway. four quanta are absorbed for the pumping of (#41) _____ H+ from stroma to thylakoid compartment. [(a) weak. (c) thylakoid lumen] The final electron acceptor at the end point of the non-cyclic photosynthetic electron transport pathway is (#40) _____. the formation of one O2 and 2 NADPH require the absorption of a total of (#38) _____ quanta. (c) P680. • the formation of dihydroxyacetone phosphate from glyceraldehydes-3-phosphate is a/an (#47) _____. [(a) transketolase. (b) four. (b) aldolase. [(a) only the cyclic but not the non-cyclic. (d) epimerase. (c) a continuous formation] Under sunlight. (d) 18] In the Calvin cycle. (b) a small amount within a very brief period of time but no continuous formation. (c) 12. [(a) space between inner and outer membranes. (d) NADP+] For each cycle of the cyclic photosynthetic electron transport pathway. and a (#36) _____ oxidant in the form of (#37) _____ . The net synthesis of one molecule of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate by the dark reactions requires (#44) _____ molecules of ATP and (#45) _____ molecules of NADPH. By absorbing light. the formation of one molecule of O2 from 2 molecules of H2O is directly coupled to a gain of 4 protons in the (#39) _____. (c) isomerase.