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 Objective of the study

Primary Objectives :

 The main objective of this study is to do an In-depth analysis of the Indian Mutual Fund Industry by taking sample of funds of
different mutual fund companies and comparing it with others.

Secondary Objectives :

 To study the concept of Mutual fund and its various types.
 To study the history and growth of the Indian Mutual Fund Industry.
 To explore the recent developments in the mutual funds in India
 To discuss about the market trends of Mutual Fund investment.
 To give an idea of the different types of mutual fund schemes available in India.
 To give a brief idea about the benefits available from Mutual Fund investment.
 To observe the fund management process of mutual funds.
 To give an idea about the regulations of mutual funds.
 To study some of the mutual fund schemes and analyse them with comparative analysis.
 To evaluate the overall performance, growth and return of the selected funds.
 To understand the investor’s preference about the mutual fund.
 To analyse the future prospect of the Indian Mutual Fund Industry.
 To make necessary recommendations as applicable.

Background of the Study -

MUTUAL FUND – AN INTRODUCTION

CONCEPT

A Mutual Fund is a trust that pools the savings of a number of investors who share a common financial goal. The money thus collected is then
invested in capital market instruments such as shares, debentures and other securities. The income earned through these investments and the
capital appreciation realised are shared by its unit holders in proportion to the number of units owned by them. Thus a Mutual Fund is the most
suitable investment for the common man as it offers an opportunity to invest in a diversified, professionally managed basket of securities at a
relatively low cost. The flow chart below describes broadly the working of a mutual fund:

In the above graph shows how Mutual Fund works and how investor earns money by investing in the Mutual Fund. Investors put their saving as
an investment in Mutual Fund. The Fund Manager who is a person who takes the decisions where the money should be invested in securities
according to the scheme’s objective. Securities include Equities, Debentures, Govt. Securities, Bonds, and Commercial Paper etc. These
Securities generates returns to the Fund Manager. The Fund Manager passes back return to the investor.

some close-ended funds give an option of selling back the units to the Mutual Fund through periodic repurchase at NAV related prices. The fund is open for subscription only during a specified period.  Unit capital of the fund is not fixed.ORGANISATION OF A MUTUAL FUND There are many entities involved and the diagram below illustrates the organizational set up of a mutual fund: TYPES OF MUTUAL FUND SCHEMES Wide varieties of Mutual Fund Schemes exist to cater to the needs such as financial position. capital appreciation and preservation of capital. These funds perform pretty well but because they hold a large amount of bonds.  Ideal for investors for a conservative and long term orientation. Below gives an overview into the existing types of schemes in the Industry :  By Structure: Open-End Funds:  Available for sale and repurchase at all times based on the net asset values.  Fund size and its total investment go up if more new subscriptions come in than redemptions and vice versa. In order to provide an exit route to the investors. SEBI Regulations stipulate that at least one of the two exit routes is provided to the investor. Balanced Funds :  Has a portfolio of debt instrument.  By Investment Objective:- Growth and Income Schemes : Growth and Income funds are mutual funds that are a mix between income (bond) funds and growth (stock) funds.  Aim is to gain income. Normally funds maintain a ratio of 55:45 or 60:40 some funds allocate a flexible proportion based on market conditions. May be traded at a discount or premium to NAV based on investor’s perception about the funds future performance and other market factors.  Listed on stock exchange and investors can buy or sell units through exchange. They are open for sale or redemption during pre-determined intervals at NAV related prices. Some funds offer repurchase after a fixed period.  Investors are not allowed to buy or redeem the units directly from the funds.  Almost equal proportion of debt/money market securities and equities. . Close-End Funds:  One time sale of fixed number of units. These funds split their holdings between bonds and stocks to try to give investors stable income through bonds as well as growth through stocks. they are probably better for investors who are less willing to take risk or those who are nearing their financial goal (such as retirement). convertible securities. risk tolerance and return expectations etc. Interval Funds: Interval funds combine the features of open-ended and close-ended schemes. preference and equity shares.  A closed-end fund has a stipulated maturity period which generally ranging from 3 to 15 years. Investors can invest in the scheme at the time of the initial public issue and thereafter they can buy or sell the units of the scheme on the stock exchanges where they are listed.

 Other Schemes : Tax saving Schemes These schemes offer tax rebates to the investors under specific provisions of the Indian Income Tax laws as the Government offers tax incentives for investment in specified avenues. As at the end of January 2003. except UTI were to be registered and governed. provided the capital asset has been sold prior to April 1. 2000 and the amount is invested before September 30.004 crores. Index Schemes Index Funds attempt to replicate the performance of a particular index such as the BSE Sense or the NSE 50 Portfolio Management In Mutual Funds Sector Schemes Sector Funds are those. The 1993 SEBI (Mutual Fund) Regulations were substituted by a more comprehensive and revised Mutual Fund Regulations in 1996. preservation of capital and moderate income. In 1978 UTI was de-linked from the RBI and the Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) took over the regulatory and administrative control in place of RBI. FMCG and Pharmaceuticals etc. with many foreign mutual funds setting up funds in India and also the industry has witnessed several mergers and acquisitions.21. Also.47. Second Phase – 1987-1993 (Entry of Public Sector Funds) 1987 marked the entry of non. 1993 was the year in which the first Mutual Fund Regulations came into being. public sector mutual funds set up by public sector banks and Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and General Insurance Corporation of India (GIC). Third Phase – 1993-2003 (Entry of Private Sector Funds) With the entry of private sector funds in 1993. Special Schemes:- Industry Specific Schemes Industry Specific Schemes invest only in the industries specified in the offer document.700 crores of assets under management. The Act also provides opportunities to investors to save capital gains u/s 54EA by investing in Mutual Funds. a new era started in the Indian mutual fund industry. Investments made in Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS) and pension Schemes are allowed as deduction u/s 88 of the Income Tax Act. the mutual fund industry had assets under management of Rs. Punjab National Bank Mutual Fund (Aug 89). The first scheme launched by UTI was Unit Scheme 1964. It was set up by the Reserve Bank of India and functioned under the Regulatory and administrative control of the Reserve Bank of India. At the end of 1993. The history of mutual funds in India can be broadly divided into four distinct phases. First Phase – 1964-87 Unit Trust of India (UTI) was established on 1963 by an Act of Parliament. under which all mutual funds. Bank of India (Jun 90). giving the Indian investors a wider choice of fund families. The industry now functions under the SEBI (Mutual Fund) Regulations 1996. 2000. there were 33 mutual funds with total assets of Rs. The number of mutual fund houses went on increasing. At the end of 1988 UTI had Rs. 1961. Indian Bank Mutual Fund (Nov 89).UTI Mutual Fund established in June 1987 followed by Canbank Mutual Fund (Dec 87). The investment of these funds is limited to specific industries like InfoTech.  History of the Indian Mutual Fund Industry The mutual fund industry in India started in 1963 with the formation of Unit Trust of India. which invest exclusively in a specified industry or a group of industries or various segments such as 'A' Group shares or initial public offerings. .UTI.805 crores. SBI Mutual Fund was the first non. at the initiative of the Government of India and Reserve Bank of India.Money/Cash Market Funds : Instruments having less than one year maturity -  Treasury bills issued by government  Certificates of deposit issued by governments  Commercial paper issued by companies  Inter bank call money  Aim to provide easy liquidity. The erstwhile Kothari Pioneer (now merged with Franklin Templeton) was the first private sector mutual fund registered in July 1993.6. LIC established its mutual fund in June 1989 while GIC had set up its mutual fund in December 1990. 1. Bank of Baroda Mutual Fund (Oct 92).

the assets of US 64 scheme. Regulatory body for Mutual Fund in India : Mutual Funds in India are governed by the SEBI (Mutual Fund) Regulations 1996 as amended from time to time.76. functioning under an administrator and under the rules framed by Government of India and does not come under the purview of the Mutual Fund Regulations. HDFC Mutual Fund .000 crores of assets under management and with the setting up of a UTI Mutual Fund. Fourth Phase – since February 2003 In February 2003.44.The Sponsor is the promoter and he appoints the Trustees Trustee . sponsored by SBI.The Unit Trust of India with Rs. COMPANIES IN INDIA IN MUTUAL FUND INDUSTRY. following the repeal of the Unit Trust of India Act 1963 UTI was bifurcated into two separate entities. Birla Sun Life Mutual Fund 3. The Specified Undertaking of Unit Trust of India. since it is a corporation formed under a separate Act of Parliament. 1. and with recent mergers taking place among different private sector funds. assured return and certain other schemes. the mutual fund industry has entered its current phase of consolidation and growth. BOB and LIC. Asset Management Company .29. AMFI Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI) incorporated in Aug 1995 is the Umbrella body of all the mutual fund registered with SEBI. PNB. conforming to the SEBI Mutual Fund Regulations. The graph indicates the growth of assets over the years.541 crores of assets under management was way ahead of other mutual funds. representing broadly. The only exception is the UTI. One is the Specified Undertaking of the Unit Trust of India with assets under management of Rs. The second is the UTI Mutual Fund.835 crores as at the end of January 2003. All the mutual funds must get registered with SEBI. It is registered with SEBI and functions under the Mutual Fund Regulations. It is non profit organization committed to developed the Indian mutual fund industry on professional. Bank of Baroda Mutual Fund (BOB Mutual Fund) 4. It is mandatory to have a three tier structure :- Sponsor .who are responsible to the investors of the fund. With the bifurcation of the erstwhile UTI which had in March 2000 more than Rs. healthy & ethical lines & to enhance and maintain standards in all areas with a view to protecting & promoting the interests of Mutual Funds and their unit holders. ABN AMRO Mutual Fund 2.AMC is the business face of the mutual fund as it manages all the affairs of the fund.

Tata Asset Management Limited's is one of the fastest in the country with more than Rs.Kotak Mahindra Mutual Fund 12. The Trustee Company formed is Prudential ICICI Trust Ltd. HSBC Mutual Fund 6.500 Crores as AUM. 225 cr. 1993 with two sponsors. Sun Life Financial is a global organization evolved in 1871 and is being represented in Canada.LIC Mutual Fund 24.IDBI Investment Company Ltd. the Philippines.Sundaram Mutual Fund 28. 7. Today it is the largest Bank sponsored Mutual Fund in India. Indonesia and Bermuda apart from India. Tata Mutual Fund 11. of America. Japan. 5. Alliance Capital Mutual Fund 19. 10.Reliance Mutual Fund 14. Limited. Franklin Templeton India Mutual Fund 16. Sahara Mutual Fund 9. the US. Bank of India Mutual Fund For the comparative analysis we have selected the five leading Mutual Companies of India and the brief profile of the those companies are given below : 1) Birla Sun Life Mutual Fund Birla Sun Life Mutual Fund is the joint venture of Aditya Birla Group and Sun Life Financial. the India Magnum Fund with a corpus of Rs. State Bank of India Mutual Fund 10. State Bank of India Mutual Fund has more than Rs.Benchmark Mutual Fund 20. 5) Prudential ICICI Mutual Fund The mutual fund of ICICI is a joint venture with Prudential Plc. 2005) of AUM. one of the largest life insurance companies in the USA.000 crores.IL&FS Mutual Fund 26.Taurus Mutual Fund 30. Morgan Stanley Mutual Fund India 17. .. 2) HDFC Mutual Fund HDFC Mutual Fund was setup on June 30.Canbank Mutual Fund 21. 2000 with two sponsors namely Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited and Standard Life Investments Limited.Fidelity Mutual Fund Portfolio Management In Mutual Funds 25.Deutsche Mutual fund 31. 3) State Bank of India Mutual Fund State Bank of India Mutual Fund is the first Bank sponsored Mutual Fund to launch offshore fund. and the AMC is Prudential ICICI Asset Management Company Limited incorporated on 22nd of June. Recently it crossed AUM of Rs. They have already launched 35 Schemes out of which 15 have already yielded handsome returns to investors.Principal Mutual Fund 29. 1993. ING Vysya Mutual Fund 7.Standard Chartered Mutual Fund 15. Unit Trust of India Mutual Fund 13.Chola Mutual Fund 22. Prudential ICICI Mutual Fund 8.Escorts Mutual Fund 18. Prudential Plc. Now it has an investor base of over 8 Lakhs spread over 18 schemes. 4) Tata Mutual Fund Tata Mutual Fund (TMF) is a Trust under the Indian Trust Act. The sponsors for Tata Mutual Fund are Tata Sons Ltd. Prudential ICICI Mutual Fund was setup on 13th of October. and Tata Investment Corporation Ltd. approximately. 1882.GIC Mutual Fund 23.5.DSP Merill lynch Mutual Fund 27. Birla Sun Life Mutual Fund follows a conservative long-term approach to investment. 32. and ICICI Ltd.703 crores (as on April 30. The investment manager is Tata Asset Management Limited and its Tata Trustee Company Pvt.