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World Sufi Festival Sufi Handbook

Sufi wisdom can still
The Tramway, hit home in a
modern world
Glasgow obsessed with pleasure
and material wealth
4 to 6 August 2006 – obsessions that threaten
the future of our planet.
We hope you will find this handbook
useful in learning about Sufism and
the Festival. The aim is to help to look One thing must not be forgotten.
more deeply into this heritage occasion
– a unique new event in Scotland. Forget all else, but remember this,
And you will have no regrets.
At this Sufi Festival you have the Remember everything else,
opportunity to dip into many strands But ignore this one thing,
of Sufism and Sufi ways. And you will have done nothing.
The way of the Sufi just might affect
the way you look at things and what It is as if a king sent you on
you do in the future. a mission to a foreign land
To perform one special task for him.
Pullout Children’s Section If you do a hundred things,
pages 3 to 6 but not this appointed task,
What have you accomplished?
Festival Programme from page 7 Human beings come into this world
for a particular purpose,
And if they forget it
they would have done nothing at all.

Jalal Al-Din Rumi

Sher Brothers. Ministry of Culture (Herb the Vegetarian Dragon) (Paperback) by Jules Bass. Village Curry House. Valerie Wahl (illustrator) James Fadiman The Facts About Islam by Alison Cooper About Love and Peace The Oxford Children’s This handbook has been prepared with grant aid by the Heritage Lottery Fund. Glasgow G43 1AT Sufi Handbook Web – Try these web searches around the world by Trevor Barnes . United 2060 Pollokshaws Road. We hope all of How to learn more About World Religions you enjoy the event. Awaz F. welcome to the Festival. Pakistan International Airlines. Grafx Design The Kingfisher Book of Religions. www.Peace. Clifton Fadiman. Additional information is on our website at www. This booklet encourages us all to Visit – Sufism Symposium 2006 – Glasgow G4 0RH look at life afresh. Love And Vegetables by Anita Ganeri support of the following for the Festival: City of Glasgow Council. what we do. Anchul Collection. ARY Aaramis Handbook We wander through some Sufi stories to get the idea of the Sufi message in an easy form and we look at other information that we hope you will find interesting and helpful. Eastern Franklin Philip (Translator) Eye. Robert Wiseman Dairies. by Robert Frager. Debbie For Adults Explaining to Children Government of Pakistan.lunaria.zensufi. Boulevard Self Drive. people wishing to learn more. You may not have time to read all this Glasgow wish all our visitors a warm at the Festival – so please read the handbook when you get home. About Sufism Visit – St Mungo’s Museum of Religious Life and Art. more about who we are and Pollok Country Park.muslimcultures. July 2006 by Llewellyn Vaughan Lee Prize/Paperback) Essential Sufism (Paperback) by Sarah Conover..M. Freda Crane.sufifestival. United Cash & Carry.Ayat Jamilah: Beautiful Signs: Design and Production: Sufism: The Transformation of the A Treasury of Islamic Wisdom www.sufisymposium. International gathering from 14 to 16 or Google Read – Islam Research and Development: search ‘Sufi story’ by Philip Wilkinson and Batul Salazar www. Snax 4U. Milan Harter (illustrator) Islam Explained (Paperback) Wedding. by Tahar Ben Jelloun. by Nahid Angha Read . ceremonies and beliefs Heart (Paperback) for Children and Parents (Aesop All copyright reserved. Especially we dip into the Association of Poetry and Music wonderful wealth of Sufi poetry. BanglaScot Foundation. ideal for The Burrell Collection Islamic Gallery. This festival is part of the UK-wide Festival of Muslim Cultures Festivals. which For Children A to Z of World Religions is the main sponsor of our event. Awaz newspaper. and think We wish to acknowledge the financial and in-kind Read . 2 Castle Illustrations by Read – Principles of Sufism (Paperback) For Children Joanna Boyce.

around 15 times as many scales. but the whole truth emerges borders. troubadours to come to Western After they had come out of the tent. Eastern sounding instruments were Elephant it was clear that this blind man had felt the animal's leg. the one who compared around and picked up more news. You can download to your have a common beginning in the family mobile or catch up with events as they of Abraham. composing songs as they travelled composing music. page 1 . written down over the generations ourselves and reflect our sentiments. This meant a big change in storytellers would travel from village to the instruments that were heard in The them was asked: ‘What does the elephant resemble?’ From the reply. what an elephant is.These troubadours would tell the stories of instruments. what was happening through song. In a country such as Turkey there would be a community house for the troubadour This division in the Middle Ages meant that the differences in the way of life. It was not always so. different levels of kindness. and now many are recorded.Several blind people were brought into a large tent. Sufi poetry. in Turkey would also get into France different levels of anger. accompanying themselves on their Western Europe. The only way a news story got over a mountain was for a troubadour or other traveller to bring removed in the west. A traveller could go only if they get together and harmonise their conflicting views. It was not always so. Men The one who had felt the elephant's belly compared it to a wall.’ A third disagreed. Western Europe also had these different levels of joy. over) Those who wear blinkers in matters of faith and belief are like the blind men and Spain. So it was a slow movement of ideas.000 such songs handed The elephant's body down. no visas. the one who said or traveller to stay. if not years. instead of anywhere in any country. There are many more musical scales in the Eastern instruments than in the Western and the ‘No.’ while a fourth cried: it by donkey – or if the traveller was richer. taking months the Internet. ‘Now you can find out world. Nowadays news travels fast around the the same part of the world and all where an elephant was kept. (cont. criticising one another and fighting in the dark. became greater. In the middle ages.’ Each of them was right. it resembled a hose had felt its trunk. one of Troubadours. music and ideas In early Sufi times the Sufi would travel travel the world in seconds – thanks to the world on a donkey. So when it came to Blind ‘Like a hose. ‘the elephant is more like a wall.’ said another. Each is right up to a point. travelling singers and Europe.’ they were told. westerners like Mozart were limited in a way that easterners were not. bringing the news and singing their songs. lots of different levels of feeling. to reach a destination. but they were not the elephant. Western music has only 20 musical scales. ‘The elephant is like a pillar. TV or computer. Each blind person happen on your radio. different levels troubadours and the ones that travelled of sadness. of course. musical instruments. a conflict began between Christianity and Islam. In those days there were no describing the elephant. town to town. in the way of being. saying: ‘Like sailcloth. in simple things it to sailcloth had felt its ear. In that house villagers like food. he could afford a horse.’ village. two Spreading ideas about peace and love…and also the latest news religions that like Judaism come from Today. When we look into ourselves we see did have all those parts. would gather to hear the news through Art and music have always been listening to songs and poetry In Turkey providing ways for us to express there are over 30. The conflict made it harder for the felt a different part of the elephant's body.

which led to the measurement of time by its swings. It is not only to Mecca marvellous skill and taste. Jabir Ibn Afiah. a Moorish Physician. At the Sufi Festival you have the opportunity to dip into many strands of Sufism and Sufi Some interesting things influenced activity. are truly interested in peace and love are finding ways to explore each other’s Fasting during the holy Arab chemists introduced soap cultures so we better understand just how month of Ramadan to the world. discovered the contagious character of the plague and its remedies. Eastern music with its 300 scales allows For Muslims there are five important many more avenues to express emotions actions (the five pillars) they should than the more limited western scales. Sufism was developing. Ibn Katina. But not all mathematician. problems. most Sufis are Muslims. followers of the Sufi way of life. were going on in the The Way of the Sufi just might affect the way Islamic world as you look at things and what you do in the future. In the 20th century there was a lot of discovery going on along similar use The duty to pray of music and the arts in health situations. especially Sufi music. The declaration of faith roam over the stormy seas in quest of new ‘I bear witness that there lands and additional markets. Abul Hasan invented the Telescope. exhibiting and non-religious people. carry out: The invention of the Mariners Compass That’s one of the reasons why in the west revolutionised sea borne commerce and so many people have become interested oceanic shipping enabling the Arabs to in eastern music. much we actually have in common. As far back as the 13th century these is no God but Allah and scales were used in therapy. Nowadays. a great scholar The Sufi ways are centuries old and have of geography. page 2 . Ibn Yunus of Egypt invented the pendulum. adults know this. held in testify that Muhammad houses for people with mental health Photography was invented is his messenger’ by Ibn al-Hashem. those who Give to charity by which the earth could be measured. However. The first observatory in Europe was built In schools. children will have learned in Spain under the supervision of celebrated what Muslims believe. particularly in Spain. Sufi thought has influenced many religious Making a pilgrimage Muslims. invented an instrument relevance today. five times a day Muhammad Musa. manufactured Muslims that look on themselves as wonderful cloth.

and deserve to find our way to God. At 7 years old you'll be able to understand things you couldn't understand at 4. loving and caring for each other. can help us on our way. You can pull it out and keep it as a wall chart. Some people at 40 forget things they understood when they were 4! And some things in life we never understand.There is still huge mystery about This message of love and respect Sufis share their thoughts and To be a Sufi you must listen to the world and so much that we is at the heart of Sufi thought. who try to explain the the Sufi way of life has meant Many Sufis sing. instead chooses to behave well and And in finding God. Modern Caring about the Soul is central to Sufis believe that if we all act a similar message. Sufism Guide for Children Children. Religions all over the world have close to God as possible. having your conscience and pay special cannot explain. simply only on what they need. this middle section is for you. For Sufis life is a precious spiritual journey. page 3 . telling us to day Sufis still give up a lot of being a Sufi. celebrating and unexplainable so that they can get giving things up and taking on drum to connect themselves sharing God's love and beauty closer to God. we can be kind. experience peace and unity with all beings. Sufis are people Right back since the olden days discussions and telling stories. A good Sufi tries never justly and respectfully then we love and respect our God through material possessions and live to be rude or vain or selfish. It is easy to ask what is the way to Glasgow Green and get an answer. when you get to 70 you'll understand things you wouldn't understand at 40. challenges in order to feel as closer to God. It is harder to get answers to some questions. tolerant and generous. In the same way. ideas by talking. attention to your inner voice. This part is also for parents who want to explore ideas with their children. dance and Discovering.

why did the A few hours later. when Habib woke up. mango tree with lots of branches and cool hats for a living. beside him. grandson of Aurangzeb the Hat Seller the famous hat-seller Aurangzeb. they screamed back. ‘Of all the people. After a There was a young man called Aurangzeb Aurangzeb was fast asleep in no time. he took off his own hat and threw it on the ground. who worked hard to maintain the family business. no!’ he said to himself and shook his very soon was fast asleep. young Habib. ‘Oh. Fifty years later. Aurangzeb had just head sadly. Suddenly. was passing through the same jungle. Habib decided to rest a while and in one town and the next in another. he went to sleep. long walk he was very tired and found a nice who used to roam from town to town selling When he woke up after a refreshing nap. he travelled across a vast plain. To his surprise. One day he would be he found that there were no hats in his bag! shade. Frustrated. One summer afternoon. ‘How do I get my hats back?’ Aurangzeb pondered. Placing his bag of hats colourful hats. He threw a stone at them and they showered him with raw mangos. so he felt tired thieves have to rob me?’ realised that all the hats from his bag were and wanted to take a nap in the jungle. the monkeys also threw their hats! Aurangzeb did not waste a second and hurriedly collected the hats and went on his way to the next town. He made faces at them and they returned the same funny faces. page 4 . He yelled at the monkeys and the mango tree wearing his hats. he looked up and noticed that the gone! He started searching for them and to He found a mango tree with lots of branches mango tree was full of cute monkeys wearing his surprise found some monkeys sitting in and cool shade.

and found nothing there. Even if we do not have We should learn from our mistakes and much. ‘how stupid What mistakes did the characters in the stories One monkey jumped down from the man was to give away his only blanket!' make? Can you relate to anyone in the story? the mango tree. so that he would not go away empty-handed. wise. story and see what it is that the Sufi storyteller Just like in the stories. and creative in the way we think. He started dancing and the monkeys also danced. he threw his hat on the ground.but how can we try you had a grandfather?’ about the needs of people more than we think to be better? What can the stories teach us? of our possessions. across their message. He raised his hands and the the one about the thief and the blanket to get even those we do not know. we end up being foolish and doing thoughtless ‘Do you think only The Sufi is suggesting that we should think things . thoughtful. As he was leaving. We can grow to be more generous to others. When we think about the story of the thief and the storyteller's messages. I can fool these monkeys!’ said Habib. We can live our lives trying to make a difference. but then he remembered a story his grandfather used to tell him. page 5 . we all have times when is trying to tell us. the Sufi saw the thief’s disappointment and threw him the ‘I will make them imitate me and very blanket in which he was sleeping. soon I will get all the hats back!’ Habib waved at the monkeys and the monkeys waved back at him.its only human . He blew his nose and the monkeys blew their noses. walked up to But instead let's try to really think about the Would you have acted differently? Habib and said. We will be stronger in spirit and the journey of life will be all the more rewarding. Your task is to look for and understand Then. A thief entered the house of a Sufi.He was frustrated and did not know what to do. the blanket most people might say. in the way we look after each other and in how we challenge ourselves. The Thief and the Blanket ‘Oh. ago by the wandering Sufis who told stories like and to look after and help our fellow humans. monkeys raised their hands. He pulled his ears and Much of the Sufi way of life was told centuries It is in our nature to care about other people the monkeys pulled their ears. we should always try to be kind and experiences.

if he continued to make so much noise. but one in soul. will be together. no matter what anyone said. handed the boy a hammer and chisel. you and I. to do something about the child. The second told him that drum beating was a sacred activity with the garden's beauty and should be carried out only on special occasions. indifferent to idle speculation.but this was too advanced an idea for the child. while the fourth gave the boy a book.Jalal Al-Din Rumi page 6 . you and I. Various people were invited by the neighbours apparently two. . you and I sitting on the verandah. Banging a Drum A small boy banged a drum all day and loved every moment of it. You and I unselfed. a thin crescent moon. and said. He would not be quiet. you and I. or search through and in another form the Internet for in a timeless sweet land. what it is to be but none worked for long. ‘I wonder what is inside the drum?’ The parrots of heaven will be cracking sugar as we laugh together. you and I. We feel the flowing . He looked at the situation. A moment of happiness. ‘Sufi stories’. and we will show them Some of these cures worked for a short while. The first person told the boy that he would burst his eardrums. A Sufi came along. and the birds singing. The third offered the neighbours earplugs The stars will be watching us. water of life here. Look for other Sufi stories In one form in your local library upon this earth.

dedication towards pure and unblemished This craft came to the sub-continent from nazms. He enthrals poetry ‘stands out as an expression of earnest fans of Urdu poetry with his ghazals and for blue pottery. He has worked as well as columnist of various Urdu became the abode of Sufism in south Asia. Urdu lyricist for television Urdu poet Rehana Qamar is from California. Much of this Craft and crafts from landscape painting to portraits. Multan is famous poetry and three prose books. in Afghanistan and Japan. Javed is well known for comedy The old city has many elaborately decorated Finally there is Rashid Mukhtar. chadars are made of crochet. In this handbook we try to give you a bit of background of poetry and short stories. cushions and an Urdu magazine. Multan is the main city of southern Punjab Ustad Ajmal Chistti is a glasswork expert. demonstrates this inherited craft. to the artists and crafts workers – but you can get more information by doing web searches on many of the Nida Fazli lives in Mumbai and is an Urdu Ustad Abdul Rasheed Qureshi makes things names and activities you see here. Nahin’ and ‘Gudiya’. mostly women’. an Urdu poet Kuraishi (crochet) work has been used for is especially important in Islam as the and writer. It is used for embossed designs using special ‘Sargam’. In India he was reported Muhammed Shafiq is expert in the old craft as ‘literally bringing tears into the eyes of Crafts Workers from Multan of pottery. ‘Is Raat Ki Subah Ustad Abdullah introduced the Islamic touch Joined by local poets. the best hall of Asia. He is an Urdu. and on Bhong Mosque. especially turquoise tiles. also an old tradition. reputed artistes of the day. Market is represented at the Glasgow festival. at the Shrine of Hazrat Shah Rukn-e-Alam Zahid Fakhri of Faisalabad. Rehana’s Muhammad Wajid. and film. is an Urdu and She’s author of four poetry books. Nowadays this art is used in calligraphy. and honorary editor of this purpose. journalist. a leading poetry. a group of award. drama writer and author of seven Next we have the expert in Kaashi.The Festival Programme Iftikhar Nasim lives in Chicago. and Hindi poet and writer. is the son of the famous poet Nasir its beauty and decoration for centuries. Iran and the Middle East. According to the Islamabad News. table lamps and lockets. drama writer and author of four poetry books. He is assistant professor at Islamia In the beginning animal wool was used for because it makes the truth stand out’. drama writer It has always enjoyed great importance. Dr Inam Ul Haq Javed of Faisalabad. on Pakistan TV. Nida is author named after his father and is declared Himayat Ali Shair of Karachi is poet. many. His ghazals and various winning poets appear in the Mushaira to this art by making lamps of camel's skin. from photography to calligraphy. he is famous for his jewellery. to form a specific design on buildings and for and lecturer at Alsms Iqbal Open University It attracted the Sufi saints so much that the city designing utensils or pottery. compositions are sung by almost all the A hall in Serena Hotel Faisalabad has been (poetry reading). In 1910 In ‘Tum To Aise Na The’. Prophet said ‘Good writing is important Kazmi. A lyricist for films out of camel bone. Punjabi lyricist. College. page 7 . of fifteen books including poetry and prose. is and one of the oldest living cities in south Asia. Fatima Kanwal he is president of the Nasir Kazmi Society. Now bed sheet. Author of three books. including women’s and a TV presenter. and a very interesting artist who is skilled across a range of arts and presents Urdu and Punjabi shows Bazaar with Craft Market. Punjabi and English poet and writer and broadcaster on Chicago Asian Radio Haq Nawaz ‘Okair Sazi’ (okairmanship) is very popular. His melodious rendering has uplifted feelings. Calligraphy Hasan Sultan Kazmi of Lahore. Iftikhar is author of eight books threads (‘Tila’) on leather products like shoes. Rehana has portrayed intense the mood of many a poetry meeting. He’s written eleven books on poetry Shrines of the Sufi saints. haunting composition for the film ‘Aahista Abdul Rehman Naqqash presents an art that The Poets Aahista’ and his celebrated lyrics were used has been in this region for centuries. teacher. Wajid worked realistic expression of unpolluted love’. newspapers. Pieces of glass are joined an Urdu and Punjabi poet. ‘Okair’ means ‘to emboss’. Lahore.

Salamat Ali world of fantasy and imagination. traditions. We Khan carries the art forward Bulleh Shah. are pure and humble. Love is beyond either condition: without spring. One of the ghazal's greatest virtues is that it draws from a variety of sources to The garden of Love is green without limit arrive at a melody that gives the audience a feeling of listening to and yields many fruits other than sorrow and joy. ethnic roots. The This entrancing husband-and-wife team they are poignant features of our musical tradition that stretches back play has a great relevance to present- sing popular ghazals and other songs. Ajoka’s critically acclaimed Originating in Iran around the unhindered voices’. Joler Gaan from Dhaka Sher Miandad Khan Qawwal Ajoka Theatre from Lahore Joler Gaan (music of water) . In Urdu Punjabi with English surtitles. in soft and soothing voices. it is always fresh . he offers melodies that of the rich and vibrant culture of the of the north of the subcontinent. Rooted in Sufi day South Asia. There is no dearth flow. It is a strong plea for many from Sufi tradition. violence and the Pakistani music industry. As the against intolerance.the name from Pak Pattan ‘Bullha’ a play on the life and times of itself portrays its characteristics.are all incorporated from Lahore flowing away undeterred. His search for truth. Ever since it has the Sufi Festival site – including by by the mystics. It is broadly based on Bangladesh. It is also a celebration of poetry set to light classical music churning in our minds we hum the in Pak Pattan. his conflict with the intolerant clergy Performers night our dreams express themselves Originally performed mainly at Sufi and corrupt Nawabs. ‘We are the children of the soil There is no doubt that Sher Miandad of dramatic episodes in the life of where the river purifies us. most poetic of styles. people who listen to this beautiful. virtues When Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan died Baba Bulleh Shah. These rivers are like lives in the mainstream especially with the name of religion . without autumn. as communicated symphonies are webbed throughout Meadowbank Centre. Azra is why the sprinkling of water sounds resident qawwal and composer at the hatred. Ghazal is a form harmonious. 10th century AD.Jalal Al-Din Rumi page 8 . In the rivers inundating in 1997 a couple of years after his great mystic. Qawwali is the devotion to his mentor Shah Inayat. playing around timeless verses written homeland Pakistan. thoughts that Punjab. and popular myths. For him the production has been seen in India. seclusion of the ‘Hidden Garden’. where Ajoka are 13th Century. the country’s leading non-commercial captured the hearts and minds of the flowing water feature in the and socially committed theatre group. different and diversified acclaimed concert in Edinburgh’s the events of his life. it came into India Joler Gaan will play the roles of fabled peace only exists in the Iran and the US as well as in their with the Persian invasion in the troubadours of old. something of beauty. ‘Bulleh Shah’ is not just a equally impressive. historical records the country as the streams of water Qawwali took a huge body blow. Qawwali is a vibrant in powerful scenes in the play. the art of Sufi through his poetry. and an indictment is one of the finest classical singers in We aspire to know why the bird sings. Dark at devotional music of the Sufis. tunes and sing Joler Gaan in are deep and moving. out of discretion and humility. Sher Miandad Khan sings love and peace. We sail away in the more than 700 years. Sometimes work of Nusrat. With questions like these shrine of Sufi saint Baba Farid-ud-Din period play. his whisper the symphonies of this genre impressively. a tribute to the and nature. his opposition on a sailing boat in a land of natural shrines it has also gained popularity to the wars and bloodshed in the Salamat Ali and Azra Riaz abundance. As ever the ghazal is still popular today.

World Sufi Festival will try to keep to this programme but changes may be made over the weekend. Up-to-date information will be available at the Tramway Box Office. This does not show all events and you will come across surprise events from time-to-time.Tramway 1 events are admission by ticket or wristband. The timetable is correct at time of going to press. page 9 .

Friday at 1. A stand-up show on how Shazia from 12. Sufism and the age-old Saturday and Sunday Explore the world of Sufi ideas traditional crafts at 1.sufifestival.00 p.00 p.‘Fun’ in the Boilerhouse Women’s Poetry Workshop Film and Discussion ‘Fun’ is Shazia’s Edinburgh Festival Saturday and Sunday Saturday 3.m.m.30 p. Children’s Challenge Workshops The Festival Programme Draw a picture of your From Monday 31 July there is a series of workshops. Saturday and Sunday Sunday 1. Saturday and Sunday Community Poetry Workshop from noon.00 p..m. London Evening Standard from 12.00 p. India Meet in the Boilerhouse Saturday 1. is available over the Festival weekend.00 p. Children’s Poetry Workshop contemporary Punjabis – Ajay Bhardwaj. over the weekend you can try The competition is divided out craft activities. Sunday at 12 noon Sunday at 3. on Sufi music and song. Social outsiders and the role of Sufi Sessions religion in contemporary world Music from workshops with Special Events for Children Teens – Dr Vandana Joshi.00 p. group each day.30 p. 2. Sunday 1.m. – Noorah Al-Gailani.00 to 2. in the Boilerhouse Salamat Ali Music Workshop – Panel discussion with ‘Funniest show she has ever done’ Friday. Join the internationally acclaimed Children’s Fun Fair Rides musician and singer for a workshop in the Hidden Garden.00 p.m. a beautiful show around third prize for each age Age 9 to 12 years What Sufism means to Sufi themes. Saturday at 1.m.00 to 4. in the Boilerhouse Sunday 3.30 p.m. Explore the world of Sufi ideas through poetry. India show.m.m. (includes film clips) in the Hidden Garden. – Fauzia Azim. back page for the location of Talks and Film Other Events or song or craft worker that In this handbook we focus on what Join in our talks on Sufism Watch out for you heard or saw today. Friday at 4.m.m.00 p.m. India local people developed Poetry Workshop by Kimho Ip and Joler Gaan Sufi Storytelling Saturday at 3.00 to 2.00 p. Scotland Anchul Collection presents There’s a first.m. the above speakers. .00 p. these additional highlights: Also. – Ajay Bhardwaj.00 to 2.m. tried to go about having fun (within a women’s perspective through poetry.m.00 p.30 p. Explore the world of Sufi ideas from Sunday at 3. and teenage challenges through poetry.m.m. Friday. Details are available at favourite Sufi story or poem www. into two age groups: under 8 Look at the programme on the inside Islamic Sufism and Spirituality Fashion Show years and 8 to 11 years.00pm and 7. and Sufi related themes. Face Painting Adults Kitte Mil Ve Mahi – Shazia Mirza . Saturday at 12. Pakistan and 4. second and Friday at 3. Explore the world of Sufi ideas through poetry and stories for children.30 p.00 to 4.00 p.00 p.m.00 p. Children’s Challenge Sufism in the 21st Century the boundaries of her religion).m. 3.