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Understanding the NACE Specifications

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BDK Engineering Industries Limited, India

WHAT ARE NACE SPECIFICATIONS?

National Association of Corrosion Engineers
NACE issues a variety of standards referred to as RP’s, TM’s and MR’s.
Most widely used are the H2S specifications
MR0175 now known as ISO 15156 parts 1-3
MR0103

WHY THE CONCERN ABOUT H2S

H2S causes Sulfide Stress corrosion Cracking (SSC)
Most metals are susceptible to SSC

SSC is a form of hydrogen stress cracking resulting from absorption of atomic hydrogen that is produced by the sulfide corrosion reaction on the metal surface.WHAT IS SULFIDE STRESS CRACKING? SSC is defined as cracking of a metal under the combined action of a tensile stress and corrosion in the presence of water and H2S. .

WHAT MAKES METALS SUSCEPTIBLE? STRENGTH CHEMICAL COMPOSITION HEAT TREATMENT MICROSTRUCTURE ENVIRONMENT H2S CONCENTRATION PRESSURE TEMPERATURE .

. The manufacturer is then responsible for meeting the metallurgical requirements for the materials.RESPONSIBILITIES It is the equipment users’ responsibility to determine if these H2S standards apply and to select the materials suitable for the intended service.

MR0175/ISO15156 “Materials for Use in H2S Containing Environments in Oil and Gas Production” Concerned about SSC and Chloride SCC Specific environmental limits Temperature Partial pressure of H2S Chloride content Uses hardness testing to determine a material’s suitability .

WHY HARDNESS TESTING? Hardness equates fairly well with the strength of a metal Easy to do Nondestructive Higher strength metals are more susceptible to SSC and Cl¯ SCC The number and location of hardness tests are not specified except for weld testing .

alloys have to pass testing per TM0177 MR0175 identifies acceptable alloy categories List some individual alloys Some alloys are only suitable for specific components Free machining alloys are not acceptable .MR0175 MATERIALS Some materials were “grandfathered” Since MR0175.

H2S GAS LIMITS FOR MR0175 .

H2S MULTIPHASE LIMITS FOR MR0175 .

05 psia No total pressure requirement Part 1 deals with general principles ofH2S cracking Part 2 covers carbon steels Part 3 covers corrosion resistant alloys .ISO 15156 Applies when the partial pressure of H2S is > 0.

MR0103 “Materials Resistant to SSC in Corrosive Petroleum Refining Environments” Only concerned about SSC No environmental limits Uses hardness testing to determine a material’s suitability Emphasizes welding controls .

MR0103 Defines sour environment as Water with > 50 ppm total sulfide Water pH < 4 and any sulfide. Water pH > 7.05 psi pH2S in a gas phase .6 and = 20 ppm HCN and any sulfide > 0.

CAST IRONs MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-2 MR0103 Gray iron. Not acceptable for Same as MR0175 Same as MR0175 pressure parts.ANSI approve its use . A395 DCI is OK if other specs like API.

< 1% Ni for L. Customer specifies which 7. Base metal hardness of 1. 2. WPQ requires Rc22 max microhardness testing of 3.’s acceptable 3.T.3.A. control for P1 steels 2. < 1% Ni for L. Most H.3 or Rc if design stress of 3 methods to use zone of Rc22 max or use is < 2/3 SMYS and PWHT PWHT performed . Alloy steels <10% Cr at 3. Verify that weld procedure produces a weld and HAZ weld and HAZ per para. CARBON STEEL SUMMARY MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-2 MR0103 1. WPQ per RP0472 4.A 2. Base metal hardness of 1. No base metal hardness Rc22 max. Rc22 max.

controls i.NACE RP0472 Title –Methods and Controls to Prevent In-Service Environmental Cracking of Carbon Steel Weldments in Corrosive Petroleum Refining Environments. Weld deposit 200 HBW max 2. preheat. HAZ Hardness Control – specified by customer 1. PWHT 3. 1. . HAZ micro-hardness testing during procedure qualification3.e.248 HV max. filler metal 2.. amps. Base metal chemistry controls and suitable weld procedure1.

ISO HARDNESS TESTING FOR WPQ .

HAZ HARDNESS CONCERN Heat of welding and subsequent rapidly cooling of HAZ can cause localized hard areas. Brinell and Rockwell testing may not be fine enough to detect hard spots Microhardness testing now emphasized .

MARTENSITIC SS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 pH > 3.5 psia H2S max Same as MR0175 No Environmental. Limits 410. 420 & CA15 Rc22 410.5 and 1.420 & CA15 Rc22 Q & double T Q & double T 420 SS Rc 22 and Q & T CA6NM & 424 Rc23 CA6NM & 424 Rc23 Q & double T Q & double T .

and meet base metal hardness Rc22 hardness 424 & CA6NM PWHT at 424 & CA6NM only double 1075. and meet base metal 1150°F min. WELDING MARTENSITIC SS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 410. 420 & CA15 PWHT at 1150°F min.1150°For double temper temper PWHT and base metal and meet base metal hardness hardness Rc23 Rc23 . 420 & CA15 PWHT at Same as MR0175 410.

base metal.3. 5. 309 & 310 OK 4. HAZ hardness is same as 5. Weld with L grade fillers. 0.3 . C 4. Solution anneal 2. HAZ must be Rc 22 max. WPQ of HAZ by micro hardness per 7. Base metal hardness of Rc22 max Rc22 max Rc22 max 2. 0. 0. AUSTENITIC 18 – 8 TYPE SS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 1. Solution anneal 3. 6. Base metal hardness of 1. Base metal hardness of 1.10% max.08% C max 3. Solution anneal 2.08% C max 3. 309 & 310 OK 4.

5 psia and Cl <5000 ppm & pH = 5 N50 OK at Rc35 and15 psia H2S at 66°C . 18 – 8 TYPE SS ENVIR. LIMITS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 15 psia H2S at 60°C and any Cl 15 psia H2S at 60°C and any Cl No limits and no S and no S If <50 ppm Cl then H2S 50 psia If <50 ppm Cl then no limits N50 OK at Rc35 and15 psia on H2S or temp H2S at 66°C with no S 316SS 93°C if H2S < 1.

15 psia H2S at 60°C any Max. Alloy 20 Solution anneal Solution anneal Solution anneal or cold worked Max. HIGH ALLOY AUSTINITIC SS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 %Ni + 2(%Mo) >30 %Ni + 2(%Mo) >30 %Ni + 2(%Mo) >30 CN7M. Alloy 20 CN7M. 15 psia H2S at 60°C any at Rc35 Cl and no S Cl No environmental limits If Cl <50 ppm then 50 psia If Cl <50 ppm then no limit on max H2S H2S . Alloy 20 CN7M.

SUPER AUSTENITIC SS PREN > 40 MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 Sol. Annealed Solution annealed or cold work <50 ppm Cl no limits on T or P <50 ppm Cl no limits on T or P to Rc35 At 171°C max H2S 15 psi max 5000 ppm max Cl limits No limits and no S and Cl 5000 ppm max similar to MR0175 149°C max H2S is 45 psi CK3MCuN 100 Rb 121°C H2S is 100 psi CK3MCuN 100 . Annealed Sol.

T. PRECIP. HARDENABLE SS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 Non-Pressure parts Same as MR0175 17-4 PH & 15-5 PH at Rc33 17-4 PH & 15-5 PH at Rc33 15-7 PH for snap rings if Rcdouble aged H.T 30-32 Used for bolting at Rc29 in 0.5 Welds meet same hardness as H1150M condition Welds meet same hardness asbase metal Welds meet same hardness as base metal base metal .5 psia H2S and pH =4. double aged H.

DUPLEX SS PREN < 40 MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 Solution annealed Same as MR0175 Solution annealed No hardness limit Ferrite 35-65% Ferrite 35-65% Rc 28 max Max temp. 450°F No P or T limits Max 1.5 psia H2S .

DUPLEX SS PREN > 40 MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 3 psia max H2S Same as MR0175 Same as MR0175 w/o environ. Solution annealed Limits No hardness limit Rc 32 max Ferrite 35-65% .

B. nitrides Heat input ± 10% of PQR carbides <1% Wall thickness ± 20% PQR Sigma <0.weld and HAZ 30-70% HAZ hardness < base metal PQR. WELDING DUPLEX SS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 PQR.5% 30-70% ferrite .microhardness testing of ferrite WPQ requires micro of weldbase metal. HAZ and weld per HAZ hardness < base metal cross section at 400X RP0472 with max 310 HV No G. ppts 35-65% ferrite Intermetallic phases.

ALLOYS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 Inconel 625 Same as MR0175 Same as MR0175 but specific Hastelloy C types Monel 400 & 405 at Rc 35hardness limits for cold worked max condition No hardness limit Inconel 625. No Envirn. Limits Incoloy 800 &825. . Monel 400 Solution anneal not cold &405 Rc 35 max. SOLID SOLUTION Ni . worked Hastelloy C22 Rc40 max. Hastelloy C276.

WELDING Ni .ALLOY MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 No hardness limit No hardness limit HAZ and weld must meet the base metal hardness limit .

MISCELLANEOUS ALLOYS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 Ultimet Rc 22 Ultimet Rc 22 Ultimet Rc33 Ti C-2 Rb 100 Ti C-2 Rb 100 Ti C-2 Rb100 Ti C-12 Rb 92 Ti C-12 Rb 92 .

If it is then PWHT Overlays cannot be used to protect a susceptible base material . Colmonoy and WC are Same as MR0175 Same as MR0175 OK if base metal hardness is not affected. OVERLAYS MR0175 2003 ISO 15156-3 MR0103 Stellite.

BOLTING Only exposed bolting is controlled Exposed Underground Wrapped in Insulation Covered by Flange Protectors Denied direct access to atmosphere .

BOLTING MR0103 B7M RC22 max B8MA Class 1 Cut threads only .

BOLTING (COUNTINUED) ISO 15156 B7M Cut threads .

NOTE THAT SOME HIGHER ALLOYS HAVE THE SAME ENVIRONMENTAL LIMITS AS LOWER ALLOYS EACH OF THE THREE STANDARDS MAY HAVE DIFFERENT REQUIREMENTS FOR SAME ALLOY MOST. IF NOT ALL OFF THE SHELF ALLOYS DO NOT COMPLY WITH THESE SPECIFICATIONS.SUMMARY BOTH THE USER AND MANUFACTURER NEED TO UNDERSTAND THESE SPECIFICATIONS. YOU MAY HAVE TO DEVELOP NEW WELD PROCEDURES .

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ISO 15156 is targeted for updating every 5 years Technical corrigenda and circulars are issued as needed in interim www.org/iso15156maintenance 5 years Sour service forum on NACE website NACE membership gives you free access to all NACE standards .iso.