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STA.

ELENA HIGH SCHOOL


W. PAZ ST., STA. ELENA, MARIKINA CITY
A LESSON PLAN IN ENGLISH IX

Date: March 6, 2019


Macro Skill/s: Grammar
Key Concepts: Using modals of obligation correctly

I. Objectives
A. General Objective:
At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:
o Use modals of obligation in a sentence correctly;
B. Specific Objectives:
o Determine the use of modals of obligation in a sentence;
o Construct sentences using modals of obligation; and
o Value the importance of performing one's obligation with integrity.
II. Content
A. Subject Matter
Grammar: Modals of Obligation
References:
o Almonte, L; Soliaban, A; Flandez, L; Lagustan, N; Langutan, H; Malayo, D; Mangaluz,
L; Miranda, E; Palomar, L. & Soriano, G. (2014) A Journey through Anglo-American
Literature – Grade 9 Learner’s Material. Pasig City, Philippines. pp. 499
o Woodward English (2003) Must English Grammar – Modal Verbs. Retrieved from
https://www.grammar.cl/english/must.htm
B. Instructional Materials
o PowerPoint presentation
o Teacher-made visuals
o Pictures

III. Procedure
A. Activity
Review: Active and Passive Voice of the Verb
Lesson Presentation
o Observe the following pictures.
o Are you familiar with these pictures? What are these?
o What are the duties and responsibilities of each profession?

B. Analysis
A student's life can be very busy. Many students have to work as well as study. You may feel
stress sometimes. However, you have to stay focused. You should plan enough time for
studying. On the other hand, you must stay healthy. Therefore, you ought to get enough sleep,
too.

o Did you understand the passage? What is it all about?


o As a student, is it difficult for you to study? Why?
o Based on the passage, what do you need to do?
o What do the words in bold face do in the passage?
o What do they express?
o When do we usually use them? What are they called?
o How does the modal in the passage suggest?
o Exercise: Choose the appropriate modal to complete the sentence.
1. It's not obligatory to take a tie. You _________ wear one.
a. mustn't
b. shouldn't
c. don't have to
2. If he doesn't know how to start the computer, he _________ read the
instructions.
a. ought to
b. should
c. must
3. You _________ do your homework on Saturday morning. That way you have
the rest of the week-end free.
a. must
b. shouldn't
c. ought to
4. Where's the toilet? I _________ go.
a. mustn't
b. should
c. have to
5. If you go sailing, you _________ wear a life jacket. The sea is very dangerous.
a. must
b. should
c. mustn't

C. Abstraction
There are two types of modal verbs of obligation: those that primarily express a form of
obligation or necessity — must and have to; and those that express a recommendation or moral
obligation — should and ought to.

D. Application
o Individual Work
Choose the appropriate modal to complete the sentence.
1. It's not obligatory to take a tie. You _________ wear one.
a. mustn't
b. shouldn't
c. don't have to
2. If he doesn't know how to start the computer, he _________ read the
instructions.
a. ought to
b. should
c. must
3. You _________ do your homework on Saturday morning. That way you have
the rest of the week-end free.
a. must
b. shouldn't
c. ought to
4. Where's the toilet? I _________ go.
a. mustn't
b. should
c. have to
5. If you go sailing, you _________ wear a life jacket. The sea is very dangerous.
a. must
b. should
c. mustn't

o Group Task
1. Make a paragraph showing your advice to students who’s irresponsible for their
studies with the use of modal.
2. Construct a story showing an obligation of the students with the use of modal.
3. Construct a letter about the message you want to say for students nowadays with the
use of modal.
4. Make a blog about the responsibilities of students with the use of modal.

IV. Evaluation
Directions: Look at the pictures and read the sentences. Which sentences match the pictures?
Choose the letter of the best answer and write it on your paper.

1.
a. You should look carefully for trains.
b. You don't have to look carefully for trains.
c. You may look carefully for trains.

2.
a. The motorcyclists need to wear a helmet.
b. The motorcyclists should be wearing a helmet.
c. The motorcyclists have to wear a helmet.
3. Which of the following is the best responsibility of the students in school?
a. They should take care of a school property.
b. They have to take examination.
c. They must attend classes on time and regularly.
4. What will you do to avoid car accident?
a. You shouldn't drive so fast.
b. You ought to drive so fast.
c. You oughtn't to drive so fast.
5. Tomorrow's a holiday, what will you do?
a. You mustn't get up early.
b. You don't have to get up early.
c. You should get up early.

V. Assignment
Write a paragraph on a sheet of paper answering the following questions using modals of
obligation.
o How will you achieve your dreams in life? What are the things you need to do?

Prepared by:

MARY JOY B. DORADO


Student Teacher

Checked by:

MRS. JULIEVER B. DE DIOS


SEHS English Teacher