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QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC; SEM-VIII

(DKTE TEI ,ICHALKARANJI, KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:- K.S.KHANDELWAL

QUESTION BANK IN
MOBILE
COMMUNICATION
ENGINEERING

BE (ETC) SEM VIII –
ELECTIVE II

DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

(b)Carrier to Interference Ratio. (7) 26) Explain the importance of the following terms : (2 marks each) i. (8) 7) Why the mobile radio environment is unique as compared to other forms of wireless communication and what are the major difficulties experienced in providing mobile service? (8) 8) Explain why a hexagon has been chosen to represent a cell in Cellular layouts. (d) No. (c) No. (ix) PCS (8) 3) What are the advantages of the cellular approach of achieving mobile communications as compared to the earlier conventional approach? (4) 4) Draw the block diagram of a Cellular Mobile Communication system and explain. (iii) 2. (6) 24) What are the merits and demerits of Cell Splitting? (8) 25) Explain the following terms : (i) Pico Cells. (iii) Macro Cells. (ii) NMT Network. SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI . (iv) 3 G Systems. (ii) (ii) Landline Phone to a Mobile Phone. (viii) TETRA . (iii) TACS. Paging channel ii. (6) 18) What are the disadvantages associated with Handoff’s taking place at a very high rate? (5) 19) Explain the following terms : (i) 1G Telephone Systems.QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC.S. for different cellular systems such as : (i) AMPS. (v) DECT. even though most of the cells are not hexagonal in shape? (3) 9) Explain the concept of “FREQUENCY REUSE” as applied to Cellular Communications. when allotting frequency channels to various cells? What are the consequences of violating this distance? (6) 13) What are the consequences of choosing : (i) A large Cell Reuse Pattern (Cluster Size) and Small Cell Reuse Pattern (Cluster) on the following parameters : (a) Spectrum Utilization Efficieny. (7) 20) What is Cell Splitting? (3) 21) When is Cell Splitting to be resorted to? (4) 22) Explain Permanent And Dynamic Splitting of Cell Sites. (ii) Micro Cells. (8) 14) Derive an expression relating the Co-channel interference Reduction Factor with the Carrier to Interference Ratio for a cellular system? (5) 15) Derive an expression for the Carrier to Interference Ratio for an omnidirectional system? (5) 16) What are the different types of Handoff’s encountered in Mobile Communications? (7) 17) Explain how Handoff is achieved in Cellular Mobile Communication Systems.ICHALKARANJI. 6) Explain the following performance criteria used to evaluate performance of mobile systems : (i) Voice Quality (ii) Service Quality. of calls per cell. (iv) GSM. (7) 5) Explain the various steps involved in placing a call from: (i) Mobile to a Landline phone. (6) 23) Explain with the help of suitable example/s how Cell Splitting helps in increasing the traffic handled. Mobile Identification number DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING . What are the advantages of this approach? (6) 10) What are the different frequency reuse schemes? (4) 11) Define and explain the importance of the following term: Frequency reuse Distance. KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:. (3) 12) Why is the frequency reuse distance never violated.5 G Systems. (ii) 2 G Phone Systems. (vi) AURORA.K. of channels available per cell. (vii) IMTS.KHANDELWAL MODULE I 1) What are the applications of Cellular Mobile Communications? 2) Mention the frequency bands utilized for Cellular communications.

7 3 48. PDC 39) The traffic carried by for a 7 cell cellular system located in a busy metropolitan area is as follows.The total no. iii. Long Term Fading. GSM.2 6 37.K. Assume the callers are evenly distributed. will two different frequencies that are 5 MHz apart. DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING . (ii) Diffuse Reflection (iii) Diffraction. (ii) System covers an area of 1200 Square km. (5) 36) Explain the following effects encountered in Cellular Mobile Communication : (10) i. iii. Each subscriber uses the phone on an average of 30 minutes per day but on an average 10 of these minutes are during the peak hour. (iii) Cells are designed for 2 % Blocking Probability. (iii) In a direction that is 60° to the direction of arrival of the transmitted signal? (8) 33) Explain the following types of reflection: (i) Specular Reflection. 35) A vehicle travels through a cellular system at 100 kmph. Distinguish between them. (ii) Directly away from the BS. Delay Spread. (6) 31) In what way is radio propagation on land different from that in free space? (5) 32) A Base station has a 900 MHz transmitter and a vehicle is moving at the speed of 50 kmph. iv. TETRA. (14) Cell Number Traffic in Erlangs 1 30. Average and Peak Traffic in Earlangs for the whole system. KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:. Supervisory Audio Tone 27) What are the factors to be considered while splitting a cell? What are its disadvantages? (5) 28) What are the pros and cons of having cells of different sizes? (5) 29) What does a small delay spread indicate about the characteristics of the fading channel? If the delay spread is 1 µ s.6 4 33. Number of Channels needed in Each cell. Compute the received carrier frequency if the vehicle is moving : (i)Directly towards the BS. (ii) 5 km.04 E of Traffic with an average call holding time of 180 seconds. How often will Handoffs occur if the cell radius is (i) 10 km. Average and Peak Traffic in Earlangs for one cell. System identification iv.QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC. Calculate the following : 1.8 2 66. PCS.S. 37) A base and a mobile are separated by 5 km. Coherence Bandwidth. (iii) 500 m. ii. of available channels is 395. IMTS.6 40) Assuming that (i) Each subscriber in the system generates 0.000 subscribers.7 7 32. ii. SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI . experience correlated Fading? (7) 30) What are the causes of Fast and Slow Fading.ICHALKARANJI. There are 120 cells in the system and 20.2 5 38. (8) 34) A cellular system uses a 12 cell repeating pattern.KHANDELWAL iii. Calculate : i. TACS. Short Term Fading. What is the propagation time for a signal Traveling between them? (1) 38) Write the full form of the following abbreviations : (7) AMPS.

Assuming that 75 % of the mobile phones in this cluster are used and during this period one call is made per phone. Assuming that all three trunked radio systems are operated at maximum capacity. (ii) 7 cell cluster. Calculate the following : 2. Assume that there are six co-channel cells in the first tier and all of them are there at the same distance from the mobile. (iii) Traffic intensity of each channel.K. of channels per cell.KHANDELWAL 2.03 E. compute the percentage market penetration of each cellular provider. what is the frequency reuse factor and Cluster Size that should be used for maximum capacity if the path loss exponent is (i) 3 . 4000.S. Total Number of subscribers in the system. 1100. Each cell has a radius of 4 kms. 1000. the number of calls per hour for each of the 12 cells of a cellular cluster is 2200. 6. determine how control and voice channels can be distributed for each of the three systems. of users that can be served at one time by the system. Subscriber Density per square km. Average no. (9) 2 47) A certain city has an average area of 1300 km and is covered by a cellular system using a 7 cell reuse pattern. Call Density per Square km. Assuming an average holding time of 60 seconds. 2100. SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI . KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:. And the city is allocated 40 MHz of spectrum with a full duplex channel bandwidth of 60 KHz. 42) Draw a cell structure that has a frequency allocation such that there is a separation of at least 4 cells between cells that reuse the same frequency. system B has 98 cells with 57 channels each and system C has 49 cells each with 100 channels. calculate : (i) No. 1800. (iv) Maximum Carried Traffic. (ii) 4. (8) 45) How many users can be supported for 0. (7) 1. (10) DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING . of Subscribers per channel. 1800 & 900. 1200. Number of Customers in the system. 1900. 1580. Find the reuse distance if R= 5 Kms. 8. 3. (5) 46) A urban area has a population of 2 million residents. (iii) 10. of cells in the service area.6R2 10. (3) 43) If a total of 33 MHz of bandwidth is allocated to a particular Cellular telephone system which uses two 25 KHz simplex channels to provide full Duplex voice and control channels calculate the number of channels available per cell if s system uses a (i) 4 cell cluster. If 1 MHz of the allocated spectrum is dedicated to control channels. (vi) No. Ensure that the total number of frequencies used are minimum. of mobiles per unique channel. Assume a GOS of 2 % is specified and the offered traffic per user is 0. (v) Total No. 2000. B & C) provide Cellular service in the area. Find the number of users that can be supported at 2 % Blocking rate if each user averages 2 calls per hour at an average call duration of 3 minutes. (vii) Maximum no. (9) 44) If a Signal to Interference ratio of 15 dB is required for satisfactory forward channel performance of a Cellular system. Number of Calls supported by the System. Three competing mobile networks (System A. (iii) 12 cell cluster.1 E of traffic. Cell Radius in Kms assuming the area of each cell is 2. 4. 5.ICHALKARANJI.QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC. (iv) 20. (ii) No. System A has 394 cells with 19 channels each. of users that can be served for 2 % GOS. 41) During a Busy Hour. (ii) 5. Assume that each user generated 0. Number of subscribers in each cell. 7. 9. 3.5 % Blocking Probability for the following number of trunked channels in a blocked calls cleared system? (i) 1. Channel Reuse Factor. what is the traffic in the cluster in Erlangs? 4. (v) 100. Number of calls per cell.

There are three control channels per cell and the reuse factor is 4.029 E and rate of arrival of calls is 1 per hour. 50) Define and explain the following terms : 1. Home Mobile Station (1) 2. No.S. If the traffic is uniform with an average call holding time of 120 seconds and call blocking during Busy hour is 3 %. (4) e. SID (1) 20. 2. ESN (1) 21. Power. Signaling Tone (1) 14. (4) 49) Consider a Cellular system with a total of 395 allocated voice channel frequencies. (3) b. Setup Channel (2) 5. Limit on Emission. Control Channel (2) 4. Reverse Control Channel (1) 7. (ii)Modulation. Forward Voice Channel (1) 8. Flash Request (1) 13. Paging Channels (1) 11. Calculate the following for Cell Reuse Factors equal to 4. (3) c.KHANDELWAL 48) A hexagonal cell with 4 cell cluster has a radius of 1. (4) d. Access Channels (1) 10. (vi) Call Processing. Land station support of system access. Forward Control Channel (1) 6. Signaling Formats. (i) Power. Paging (1) 15.QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC. (iii) Limitation on Emission. (18) 52) Explain the following specifications of a Land Station : a. (vii) Various Mobile station controls on the voice channels. Mean Carrier to Interference Ratio. (v) Supervision. (4) f. (6) 57) Consider a cellular system with a one way spectrum of 12. 1. of calls per cell site per hour. Mobile station Control on voice channels. A total of 60 channels are used within the entire system. 12 & 19. KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:. Land Station (1) 3. (viii) Signaling Format. Roamer (1) 18. calculate the number of users per square kilometer this system will support if GOS is 5 %. Call Processing. Registration (2) 17.ICHALKARANJI. Group Identification (2) 22. Assuming an omnidirectional antenna with six interferers in the first tier and path loss slope equal to 40 dB/decade. Reverse Voice Channel (1) 9. (iv) Security & Identification.7. Digital Colour Code (1) 12.387 km. Assume omnidirectional antennas with 6 interferers in the first tier and slope for path loss equal to 40 dB/decade. Channel Spacing (1) 51) Explain the following specifications of the Mobile station.K. Paging Channel (1) 16. SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI .5 MHz and channel separation of 200 KHz. SAT (1) 19. Calculate the number of call per cell site per hour with 2 % Blocking Probability DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING . If the load per user is 0.

Assume path loss slope is 40 dB/decade. Calculate : (i) Calls per cell site per hour.KHANDELWAL during Busy hour and an average holding time of 120 seconds. Calculate the number of call per cell site per hour with 2 % Blocking Probability during Busy hour and an average holding time of 120 seconds.02 E of traffic. What is the Carrier to Interference Ratio.S. (12) 60) Assume that a cell named “Radio Knob” (RB) has 57 channels . (ii) Mean Carrier to Interference Ratio. 7 & 12 and for omnidirectional 120° and 60° systems. The total available bandwidth in each direction is 12.5 MHz and channel seperation of 200 KHz. For a Cell reuse factor of 4. Calculate the following : (i) What is the current capacity of RB cell? (ii) What is the radius and transmit power of the new cells? (iii) How many channels are needed in each of the new cells to maintain frequency reuse stability in the system? (iv) If the traffic is uniformly distributed. What is the Carrier to Interference Ratio.QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC. SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI . KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:. (7) 58) Consider a cellular system with a one way spectrum of 12. The traffic is uniform with average call holding time of 120 seconds and call blocking probability during the system Busy Hour of 2 %.1 % after the split? DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING . the average call length is 2 minutes and each user averages two calls per hour. Assume that there are 10 Mobile stations per km2 with each MS generating 0. each with EIRP of 32 W and cell radius of 10 km. calculate the Call Capacity. what is the new traffic carried by each new cell? (v) Will the probability of Blocking in the new cells be below 0. There are three control channels per cell and the reuse factor is 4. (7) 59) Consider a cellular system with 395 allocated voice channels of 30 KHz each. The path loss is 40 dB per decade. The Blocking Probability is 5 %. Assume 57 channels are used at the base station and the split cells. Assuming an omnidirectional antenna with six interferers in the first tier and path loss slope equal to 45 dB/decade.5 MHz. Assume that the cell has reached its maximum capacity and must be split into four new microcells to provide four times the earlier capacity in the same area.ICHALKARANJI.K.

Make suitable assumptions as necessary. Assume that the height of the transmitting and receiving antenna are h1 and h2 respectively and are located at a height H1 and H2 above the ground level. What are its causes? (5) 74) With the help of suitable examples.ICHALKARANJI. (8) 69) Derive an expression for the phase difference between direct path and the ground reflected path. (8) 71) Derive an expression for the received power and the phase difference between between two fixed stations over water . (5) 70) Derive an expression for the received power and the phase difference between between two fixed stations over flat open land.KHANDELWAL MODULE II 61) Explain how Area to Area prediction curves can be obtained can be obtained? What role do the 1 Km intercept and the path loss slope play in obtaining the Area to area prediction curves? (6) 62) Explain why Propagation Path Loss is one of the major parameters of interest in analysis of radio wave propagation for mobile communication? (6) 63) Explain what role the following factors play in while attempting to predict the propagation path loss for a particular mobile radio environment? (i) Radio Horizon. (3) 64) Explain how propagation Loss is affected by (i) Smooth Terrain. (2) (v) Mobile Antenna Height. 66) Explain the general classifications of areas depending on the presence of buildings and structures along the propagation path. (8) 67) How is the service areas classified . (2) (vi) Effect of Surface Waves. explain the procedure for obtaining the effective height of an antenna.S. SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI . (ii) Natural terrain. where h1 and h2 are the heights of the transmitting antenna and mobile antenna respectively and ‘d’ is the distance between them. Explain how path loss can be obtained from a point to pint prediction Model. (7) 72)What is the effect of foliage on Cellular signal transmission? 73)Explain what role does Duct propagation play in reception of the mobile signal over large distances. (ii) Rough Terrain. (8) 65) Explain the use of two wave Model to explain Mobile Radio Path Loss and Antenna Height Effects? Show that the power received is given by (8) 2 Pr = [h1 h2 / d ] . depending on the following two criteria : (i) Human made structures along the propagation path . (2) (iv) Terminal in Motion. (2) (ii) Sky Reflections (2) (iii) Signal Averaging. Assume that the height of the transmitting and receiving antenna are h1 and h2 respectively and are located at a height H1 and H2 above the ground level. (10) 75) What are the merits of the Point to Point Model? (4) 76) Derive an expression for the transfer function of a Propagation Model for Mobile to Mobile Propagation? Obtain the statistical model for mobile to mobile channel. along with terrain contours. KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:.QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC.K. (8) 68) Explain the free space propagation Model and derive an expression for the received power. (8) 77) What are the different ways in which a signal can propagate over long distances? (5) 78) Explain what is the effect of diffraction loss in an obstructive environment on path loss? (6) DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING .

QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC. find the received power in dBm and dBW at a free space distance of 100 m and 10 km from the antenna. hr = 1. (8) 88) Why is the antenna pattern different in free space and in an mobile environment? (5) 89) Distinguish between horizontally and vertically oriented space diversity antennas? (4) 90) Explain the advantages and disadvantages of the two ray ground reflection model in analysis of path loss? (8) 91) In the following cases. Calculate the following : a. Incident angle. Assuming that the received radio signal is – 110 dB and height of the base station antenna is 30 m. indicate if the two ray ground reflection model can be applied or not applied. how high must the mobile antenna height be raised to ensure satisfactory reception? (8) 96) The antenna height at the cell site is 30 m and at the mobile unit is 3 m and the distance between them is 8 km. (ii) Power Spectrum of the complex envelope for Mobile to Mobile Propagation . If 50 W is applied to unity gain antenna with a 900 MHz carrier. d = 450 m (4) 92) What insight does the two ray model provide about large scale path loss that was disregarded for macro cells (very large cells) ? (3) 93) Explain “Antenna Pattern Ripple Effect” (8) 94) An improvement in signal gain can be obtained by raising the height of the base station antenna. (5) 87) Mention and explain the different Sum and Difference radiation Patterns for antennas used in mobile communication. (6) 97) If a transmitter produces 50 W of power. Calculate the phase difference between direct and reflected wave at the mobile terminal. hr = 3 m. (i) ht = 35 m. non-obstructive path and land to mobile over water. and the communication path length is 5 km. (iii) Over the water condition.K. Assume unity gain DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING . with suitable justification. calculate how much higher should the base station antenna be raised to obtain an increase from –110 to 100 dBm in received power? (8) 95) Consider a mobile communication link where reception over a distance of 10 km is satisfactory with a base station antenna height of 50 m and mobile antenna height of 2 m. The elevation angle at the antenna of the mobile unit.KHANDELWAL 79) Explain the Lee Point to Point Model and mention the general formula for the following Conditions : (i) Direct wave case.e 10 km. d = 250 m. (ii) Shadow Case. the average cell site antenna height is 50 m. express the transmit power in units of dBm and dBW. If the base station antenna height is lowered to 10 m.ICHALKARANJI. Form the model for obstructive path. when the mobile is driven up a positive slope (up to a high spot) or driven down a hill. (8) 80) What is the effect of change of (i) cell site antenna height. (7) 83) What are the factors to be considered in choosing location of cell site antenna ? (6) 84) What are the different types of cell site and mobile antennas? (8) 85) Explain what is meant by Diversity Reception? What are the different types? What are its advantages in Cellular communication? (8) 86) What is the minimum separation needed for cell site receiving antenna and the explain the necessity of the separation. the mobile antenna height is 3 m. KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:. what will be the effect of reception in terms of distance? If the distance is the same i. The elevation angle at the location of the mobile unit. (8) 81) Explain how “HOLES” in cell signal coverage area are tackled? (6) 82) Derive an expression for the following : (i) Spatial Time Co-relation function for Mobile to Mobile Model. (ii) ht = 30 m. c.S. (ii) Change in location of antenna height.5 m. (iii) Change of effective antenna height with change of location of mobile unit. (3) 97) In a mobile radio environment. SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI . b.

KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:. Calculate the following : (a) Length and effective aperture of the receiving antenna. SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI . The E field at a distance of 1 km from the transmitter is measured to be 10–3 W V/m. The carrier frequency used is 900 MHz. If Pr > Po is the condition to be satisfied. find the effective antenna height. The effective antenna height at one end Is 150 m above sea level. (b) received power at the mobile unit using the two ray Ground Reflection Model. Find the effective height above the seal level at the other end so that the received power always meets the condition Pr < Po at 850 MHz.55 dB to receive cellular radio signals.K. assume that θ must be kept below 6.261 radians for phase cancellation reasons. given a requirement that incident angle should be less than 5°. (6) 98) A mobile is located 5 km away from from a base station and uses vertical λ /4 monopole antenna with a gain of 2.5 m above the ground. (8) 100) In a two ray ground reflected model.ICHALKARANJI. DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING . Assuming a receiver height of 2 m.KHANDELWAL for the receiver antenna.QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC.S. (8) 99) Let the distance between two fixed station be 30 Kms. what are the minimum allowed values for Transmitter Receiver transmit separation distance and the height of the transmitter antenna if the carrier frequency is 900 MHz. assuming that the height of the transmitting antenna is 50 m and receiving antenna is 1.

Two system cells. (ii) Decreasing antenna Height. KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:. (iv) Proper Cell site location (12) 120) What is the interference contributed by Channel combiner? What is a frequency agile and a ring channel combiner? (9) 121) What are the major functions of a SAT tone? (4) 122) What are the characteristics of a SAT tone? (3) DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING .KHANDELWAL MODULE III 101) Explain what is meant by Diversity Reception? What are the different types? What are its advantages in Cellular communication? (8) 102) What role does “SECTORIZATION” of a cell area have on the performance of a Cellular system? Explain what is Sectorization? (4) 103) What are the causes of C0-channel Interference in Cellular Mobile communication? Why is this effect the most pre-dominant in Cellular communication? What are the limitations caused by this interference in cellular communications? (9) Explain how Co-channel Interference can be measured at (i) Mobile Unit & (ii) Cell site. If the required Signal to Interference ratio is 15 dB. SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI . 117)What are the method/s used to avoid Near-End-far-End Interference? Derive an expression for the minimum Frequency Band separation needed to overcome the above effect. (iii) Intermodulation Interference. so as to create a pattern in the desired direction. (10) What is the effect of reduction of cell site antenna height on the antenna gain when the antenna is located in : (i) High Hill or a high spot. One mobile unit is 0. (8) 106)What are the precautions to be taken while down tilting the antennas? (4) 107) Explain how Interference at the cell site can be reduced by the use of parasitic Elements. (6) 104) Explain the difference types of Interference encountered in Cellular Communication.S.ICHALKARANJI.QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC. (18) 119)Explain how the effects of Signal Coverage and Interference can be tackled by : (i) Decreasing Power. (iv) Intersymbol Interference. (8) 110) Consider the case where a base station is simultaneously serving two mobile units. (8) What is the effect of down tilting the antenna on the coverage area? When is this resorted to? What are the different methods of downtilting the antenna? (9) Explain how the use of Sectorization helps in reducing the Co-channel Interference problem. What is the rationale for using microscopic diversity techniques for two transmitting antennas located at the same site and separated between proper spacing between antenna elements. 108) What is the Umbrella pattern Effect? What are its benefits? (8) 109) Macroscopic Diversity techniques can be used successfully when two transmitting antennas are cited at two different locations. (ii) Adjacent Channel Interference. (10) 105) Explain how downtilting the antenna helps in reducing Cochannel Interference. Explain how Co-channel Interference can be reduced by means of notch in the Tilted antenna pattern. ii. (8) 118) Explain the following Interference encountered in Cellular Mobile Communication: (i) Cochannel Interference. One Cell. (iii) In a forested area. Calculate the near end to far end interference ratio. how much is the adjacent channel frequency separation ? (5) 116) Explain the cause of the following : Near End Far End Interference with suitable sketches in i. (ii) In a valley. (iii) Beam Tilting.K.1 km away from the base station and the other is 15 km distant.

(7) 132) Explain UHF TV Interference with respect to the following cases : (i) When the mobile transmitter is located near a TV receiver. Co-channel Cross Talk. What result does third order intermodulating give in the two cases of interfering UHF TV Receivers.QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC. (8) 142) Explain what is meant by Hybrid Channel Allocation? What are its merits and demerits? (8) 143) Explain what is meant by Flexible Channel Allocation. (5) 130) What are the coordinating measures that have to be taken by two cellular service providers operating it the same frequency band between two adjacent cities or areas to prevent interference between each other? What are the different methods used ? (6) 131) What are the two types of Interference that can occur between UHF television and 850 MHz cellular mobile phone. 2. (ii) Dynamic Channel Allocation Schemes. (12) 130) When can TV channels in the UHF region interference with Mobile Communication ? (6) 131) Explain the interference encountered by by cellular mobile receivers UHF TV transmitters.S. 5. (iii) Hybrid Channel Allocation Schemes. Near End Mobile Unit Cross Talk.KHANDELWAL 123) Assuming that a SAT tone is a sine signal. (ii) When the cell site transmitter is located near a TV receiver. Draw the FM phasor diagram. (4) 144) What precautions have to be taken to prevent cochannel interference between cells. Telephone Line Cross Talk. (5) 133)What is the necessity of Channel Allocation/Assignment in Cellular Mobile Communication? (3) 134) Explain the Long Distance Interference encountered due to duct propagation overwater path and overland path? (6) 135) What are the causes of Duct Propagation? (5) 136) Why is Duct propagation predominant near water bodies? (3) 137) Mention and explain the following channel allocation schemes used : (i) Fixed Channel Allocation Schemes.K.ICHALKARANJI. Close in Mobile Unit Cross Talk 3. KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:. derive an expression for the modulated carrier. SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI . (6) 126)Why is it essential for the MTSO to control the transmitted power level at both the cell site and the mobile units? (4) 127)What is Cross-Talk? What are its causes in Mobile Communication? Explain the following types of Cross-Talk : 1. 128)Explain what effect does reducing the height of the antenna have on various types of interference encountered in Cellular Communication ? (6) 129)Explain how interference between two systems (Duopoly Market) on account of IM products be avoided? Explain what are the causes and effects of interference due to Intermodulation Products. when borrowing channels from other cells. (9) DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING . (16) 138) What are the borrowing schemes used in Fixed Channel Allocation? (8) 139) What is Dynamic Channel allocation? What are the different types? 140)What are advantages and disadvantages of Dynamic Channel allocation over Fixed Channel allocation? (12) 141) Explain and distinguish between fixed and Dynamic Channel allocation. (5) 124) What are the characteristics of a SAT Tone Generator? (4) 125) Consider a situation where the base station receiver is capable of providing 100 dB of isolation between channels is receiving a signal from a mobile 1 km away. Explain the two effects. Channel Combiner Cross Talk. What is the maximum distance that a second mobile can transmit its signal without causing interference without causing interference with the signal from the near end mobile unit. 4.

of calls at a given time as shown in the table given below. (12) 153) Explain Forcible Borrowing Channel Assignment. iii. (6) 150) A cellular system with omni directional antennas employs a cluster of size 7. Reuse Partitioning Based Channel Allocation. 155)Explain the different MTSO Interconnections to wire line networks and Cell site. If the system is assigned 49 channels. (7) 160) Draw the block diagram of a Cellular Digital Switching system showing the interconnection between MTSO. a frequency reuse factor of 7. (iv) Interconnection to a cell site .S. Intersystem Handoffs. how would you distribute the channels if (i) Static Channel Allocation is used. (6 points) (6) 148)Explain the following channel allocation strategies in specialized systems: (16) i.ICHALKARANJI. while burrowing channels from other cells. ii. (iii) A Dynamic Channel Allocation scheme is used Cell Number Avg. (6) 147) Distinguish between Fixed and Dynamic Channel Allocation. (ii) Simple Borrowing scheme is used. 149) Draw the block diagram of a Analog system for cellular communication and explain. (ii) Type 2A. SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI . Illustrate with the aid of suitable examples and diagrams. (8) 162) Explain the MTSO Clearing House Concept. (3) 146)Explain the different channel borrowing schemes used in Cellular Communication. iv. and 500 overall two way DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING . Channel allocation in one dimensional system (like a highway).QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC. (6) 154) Explain the following specialized features incorporated to handle Cellular Traffic (12) i. Hybrid systems using High & Low Cell sites. Mobile and Cell site. 165) How are MTSO’s interconnected? (6) 166) Consider a cellular system with 100 sites.K. no of calls/unit time 1 900 2 2000 3 2500 4 1100 5 1200 6 1800 7 1000 152) Explain how different channel allocation strategies maintain the frequency reuse distance. (8) 158) What are the different switching techniques used in mobile communication? (6) 159) Draw the block diagram of Analog switching system for Cellular Mobile Communication and explain the function of the various blocks. The cell at the center of the cluster has a lot more traffic than others and needs to borrow some channels from adjacent cells. ii. Explain the strategy to be used to determine the donor cell within the cluster and outside the cluster. iv. explain the four basic types of Intersystem Handoff’s. KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:. (iii) Type 2B. (4) 163) Explain how MTSO is interconnected to (i) Wire line networks & (ii) Cell site. (8) 164) Explain the following type of MTSO Interconnections : (i) Type 1. (6) 151) A cellular system with 7 cell cluster has the following average no. iii. Overlapped Cells based Channel Allocation Schemes. (9) 161) With the help of suitable diagram. Directed Call Retry. Underlay Overlay arrangement.KHANDELWAL 145)Mention any two distinguishing points between Setup channels and Voice Channels. Underlay Overlay Arrangement. (5) 156) Explain the use of Enhancers to cover HOLES in the cellular coverage areas? 157) Mention and explain the different types of Enhancers used.

of channels available to the service provider. where the new system uses a frequency factor of K=3. (iv) To expand the network.ICHALKARANJI.QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC. Calculate the number of cells assigned to the inner and outer cells to keep a uniform traffic density over the entire coverage area. (9) DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING . we create an underlay – overlay system.KHANDELWAL Channels : Calculate the following : (i) Number of channels per cell. (iii) Minimum C/I Ratio of the system in dB. (ii) Total no. KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:. SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI .K.S.

TDMA. Slotted ALOHA. (6) 176) Explain the following types of CSMA Protocols: (7) (ii) 1 persistent CSMA. time. (4) (vi) ISMA. What are the counter measures in SDMA. (4) (ii) PRMA. what happens in the case of such terminals if ALOHA. KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:. (3) 171) Explain what is ALOHA? Compare Classical & Slotted ALOHA. (5) (v) Polling. (3) (iv) MACA.K. (8) 189) What are the merits and demerits of Reservation schemes? (6) 190) What are the advantages of CDMA as compared to other Multiple Access strategies in Cellular Communication? (4) DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING . SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI . (4) 178) What are the merits and demerits of contention based protocols? (6) 179) What are the merits and demerits of non contention based protocols? (6) 180) Explain the following methods : (i) DAMA. (4) (iii) Reservation TDMA.ICHALKARANJI. (5) (vii) SAMA.S. (8) 172) How does Slotted ALOHA improve throughput as compared with pure ALOHA? (6) 173) Explain CSMA. (iii) p persistent CSMA.KHANDELWAL MODULE IV 167) How are Multiple Access Radio Protocols classified? (5) 168)What are the drawbacks of CSMA-CD in Wireless communication? (4) 169) Explain the following effects : (i) Hidden & Exposed terminals. reservation ALOHA or MACA is used? (10) 184) How does the near far effect influence TDMA systems? What are the countermeasures in TDMA systems? (7) 185) How does the near far effect influence CDMA systems? What are the countermeasures in CDMA systems? (7) 186) What is the basic pre-requisite for applying FDMA? How does this factor increase complexity compared to TDMA systems? (8) 187) What are the advantages of Fixed TDMA pattern as compared to random demand driven TDMA? Compare the efficiency in the case of several connections with fixed data rates or in the case of varying data rates. FDMA & CDMA systems respectively. (5) 181) What are the advantages of CDMA over other methods? (6) 182) What is the main physical reason for the failure of many MAC schemes used successfully in wired networks in wireless networks? (6) 183) Considering the problem of Hidden and exposed terminals. (4) (iv) Fixed TDM. (ii) Near & far Terminals (8) 170)Explain how the following methods are used in Wireless Communication : (i) SDMA. How is CSMA classified? (6) 174) Explain the Collision mechanism in CSMA. frequency and code domain. 177) Explain CSMA/CA.QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC. (3) (ii) FDMA (4) (iii) TDMA. (4) 175) Distinguish between Persistent & Non-persistent CSMA. (7) 188) Explain Interference in space.

ICHALKARANJI. (9) 214) What are different protocols used in GSM? Explain the protocol architecture in GSM (12) 215) Explain how Handover takes place in GSM. KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:. (8) 192) Ina ALOHA network. (ii) CCCH. especially at the air interface? (12) 205) How can the position of MS be localized? (6) 206) Explain the VLR/HLR database approach used in GSM. (6) 200) Explain the following GSM Radio Interfaces : (12) (i) Mobile Station (MS) to Base transceiver Interface (BTS). Temporary Mobile Subscriber identity (TMSI). Why does the GSM separate MS and SIM? How and where is user related data represented/stored in the GSM system? How is the user data protected from unauthorized access. DECT & TETRA systems. SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI . Classification of MS based on power. etc done in GSM and reflected in the databases? What are the typical roaming scenarios? (10) 211) Why are so many different identifiers/addresses needed in GSM? Distinguish between user related and system related identifiers. (8) 212) Explain Traffic Channels (TCH) & Control Channels (CCH) in GSM. (8) (iii) Operation & Maintenance Subsystem (OMSS). What are the advantages of specifying not only the radio interface but also all internal interfaces of the GSM system? (12) 204) Describe the functions of MS and SIM. roaming. Which features do the systems have in common? What are the advantages and disadvantages of each system? (12) 203) Name the main elements of GSM system architecture and describe their functions.S. (6) 198) Explain what is meant by GSM Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN). especially moving users? (8) 207) What are the limitations of GSM cell in terms of diameter and capacity for traditional GSM? How can the capacity be increased? (8) 208) What are the multiplexing schemes used in GSM? (6) 209) How is synchronization achieved in GSM? Who is responsible for Synchronization? Why is it very important? (8) 210) How is localization. How does this approach limit the scalability among users. International Mobile Subscriber identity (IMSI). What are its objectives? What are its subsystems? (10) 199) Explain the following GSM subsystem Entities : ( (i) Mobile Station showing the GSM Reference Model. Types of MS’s and explain International Mobile Equipment identity (IMEI). (iii) DCCH. (iv) Interfaces between other GSM Entities.K. (ii) BTS to BSC. SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) (10) (ii) Base Station Subsystem. What are its limitations? (8) 195) Explain the difference between carrier sensing mechanism between wireless and wired channels. FDMA & CDMA.KHANDELWAL 191) Compare TDMA. What are the problems associated with Handover in GSM? (9) DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING . how does the terminal learn that its packet has collided? (4) 193) What is the difficulty of implementing CSMA/CD in a wireless environment? (4) 194) Explain CDMA. 201) What are the different types of services offered by GSM ? (6) 202) Name some of the key features of GSM. (6) 196) What is the Capture Effect and how does it impact the performance of random access method? (6) 197) Mention the frequency band in which a GSM-900 & DCS-1800 system operates. What are the different types of CCH in GSM? (10) 213) Explain the following Control Channels in GSM : (i) BCCH.QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC. (iii) BSC to MSC. location update.

SEM-VIII (DKTE TEI .KHANDELWAL 216) Explain the different types of Handover encountered in GSM. (5) 225) Distinguish between TETRA and other systems. (10) 217) What are the functions of authentication and encryption used in GSM? How is system security maintained? (10) 218) Explain the three algorithms used for providing security in GSM I. (10) 223) What is TERTA? 224) Who are the typical users of TETRA? Why is TETRA cheaper as compared to other systems.ICHALKARANJI. A5 & A8. (8) 226) What are typical data rated in DECT? How are they achieved considering the TDMA frames? (6) 227) What are the multiplexing schemes used in DECT. with the help of a suitable diagram. (8) DEPARTMENT OF ELETRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING .QUESTION BANK IN MOBILE COMUNICATION ENGINEERING BE ETC. KOLHAPUR) SUBMITTED BY:. (6) 228) Compare the complexity of DECT with GSM.e A3. (8) 222) Explain the DECT protocol architecture.S.K. (4) 219) How is subscriber authentication and data Encryption done in GSM? (8) 220) Explain what is DECT? What is the frequency of operation of DECT? (5) 221) Explain the DECT system architecture and reference model.