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Course :Occupational Safety and Health Management.
Module :Introduction to Health Economics.
Module Code :BCON1102.
Title :HIV /AIDS at the workplace.
Name of group members:

• Huzooree Yesun k.-100169

• Goolamally Naadir-100167

• Peerbocus Shaheen-100178

• Beejan Sonika -100167

2 Impact of HIV/AIDS at the hospital……………….2 Mode of transmission……………………………………….………………….7 Conclusion………………………………………………………..5 Benefit of the HIV/AIDS program………………………………....……………………..….…………...4 The HIV/AIDS program at the SSRN hospital…………………….2 The SSRN hospital……………………………………….Table of contents: Page Introduction……………………………………………………….…………..…...………...8 ..…………6 Cost & benefit of HIV/AIDS program……………………………..………...……………….3 The human capital approach……………………………………………..

• Receiving a transfusion with HIV-contaminated blood. we would like to elaborate on HIV/AIDS among the workers at the Sir Seewoosagar Ramgoolam (SSRN) Hospital. anal or oral sex with an infected person. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Mauritius has actually a prevalence rate of 2% and there are around 240 deaths each year. proper disposal of sharps and autoclave are carried out in order to prevent the transmission of HIV/AIDS at the SSRN Hospital. There is roughly an average of 543 new infections yearly. • Transmitting the virus from mother to fetus/ infant during pregnancy. The hospital a total of 2257 indoors and outdoors worker. Specifically. 800 maids and cleaners and 1226 are nursing staffs and health care assistants. equipments. This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumors. birth or nursing. The first case of HIV/AIDS was discovered in 1987.3 millions has actually 13. deliveries. The most common places of transmission of HIV/AIDS at the workplace are Prisons. HIV infection can occur by: • Having unprotected vaginal. For our case study. using gloves. .000 people living with HIV/AIDS. from which there are 231 doctors. Actually precautions such as. which offer health care services. operations. • Sharing drug needles or other skin-piercing instruments (such as razor blades) contaminated with HIV. But these precautions do not suffice. The SSRN Hospital has been chosen as the workers are in contact with people (patients) conducting injections. HIV/AIDS has various impact at the SSRN Hospital. etc on a daily basis. Hospital and Laboratories.Introduction Mauritius having a population of around 1. A person can become infected with HIV by exchanging bodily fluids with an infected person. sterilization.

The attributes gained by the workers are acquired through education. The direct economic impact of HIV/AIDS at the SSRN Hospital There are two major economic impact associated with HIV/AIDS. Apply findings to known medical and health care. • Use commonly collected company data as indicators of trends affecting the Hospital. absenteeism.The impact of HIV/AIDS at the hospital can be measured by: • Conducting HIV prevalence survey among all grades of employees. It is an asset . knowledge and personality attributes embodied in the ability to perform labours so as to produce economic value. • Assume that prevalence rates for the country apply to the Hospital and use a computer model to estimate costs. These are employee absenteeism and cost at recruiting and training new workers. DIRECT COST OF HIV/AIDS PER WORKER PER YEAR Reason for Cost Cost as % of Total Hiring and Training New 33 Workers Lost Productivity 28 Absenteeism 28 Clinic and Physician Visits 10 Hospitalization 1 Total 100 The Human Capital approach Human capital refers to the stock of competences. new recruitment and related costs. training and experience. Below are some figures showing the direct cost of HIV/AIDS per worker per year.

The HIV epidemic also reduces the capacity to maintain a flow of staff with needed skills and training. let us consider one direct effect. but also significant social costs in terms of lost output due to morbidity and the premature mortality of those who have been educated and trained at great expense. on an individual aspect. The erosion of human capital due to HIV and AIDS has not only personal costs for those affected. their capacity to meet demands is reduced which also includes to replace their own staffs who became sick and died from HIV and to train the new employees who will join the workforce whereby we can say that there will be an overall reduction in the experience. The aspect of human capital has been taken into consideration in designing the program as at the . The institution selected. prevention of HIV/AIDS is the best way to deal with the spread of AIDS. thousands of patients are treated everyday and if there is a loss of human capital there due to HIV/AIDS it will have severe consequences on the hospital itself. skill and the performance of the workforce itself. The institution has to make a choice according to its budget. if at SSRN any institution specifically at the SSRN hospital the human capital of the latter is a vital asset for the very proper functioning of the hospital itself and saving lives of people. as well as the society aspect therefore it is important that we introduce some HIV/AIDS programme. There is a huge need to implement HIV AIDS programme so as to preserve those human capitals at the SSRN hospital. Moreover we shouldn’t forget that HIV is a slow killer and there will be a phase when HIV/AIDS related morbidity begins where there will be sickness leaves and other absenteeism will increase and again the work performance will declines due to employee illness which consequently will cause an overall productivity to decrease and overall labour cost to increase. At the SSRN hospital. on a financial aspect. There are many ways in which people can help in HIV/AIDS prevention rather than wait for treatment. the hospital can make a choice among the various programs taking the benefits of its employees into consideration. Therefore the institution has to sacrifice the other program and put maximum effort on program that will be efficient to both its workers and consumers. they are losing staffs due to HIV and AIDS. The HIV/AIDS Program at SSRN Hospital The Hospital has to put more emphasizes on HIV/AIDS prevention rather than curing.

and provide leadership within the community. they contribute equally at the Sensitizing activities should be enclosed in educating and informing employees about the risks and ways to minimize their exposure to that so named disease. fresher trainings. Both ways consists of educating.for instance income reduction due to poor health. Destigmatizing workers over HIV/AIDS is also important. gender and cultures. Likewise. raising awareness and training is considered to be well fitted in the institution. Getting the word out to the employees. The employers will benefit from the method if carried out at the very beginning of the talk. format. communicating and raising awareness among the workers of the hospital. healthy. and at the end merging both male and female staff for a brainstorming session. reduce absenteeism. safety and technical briefs are some of the best opportunity to grab to indulge AIDS education to staffs. maids and cleaners. their spouses and the surrounding community is a main objective of the program. Emphasize communicates could be brought onto the cost an HIV/AIDS infected patient have towards his/her families . any professional institution is considered to be a good spot for raising awareness. health care assistants. considering the gender feature. and save cost for hiring and training new workers. educate their families. separating male and female employees can often result in a more open and productive discussions. these are some of the parameters that could be taken into account and adapted while delivering training programs to a particular audience. Language. the most prone workers are the nursing staffs. Figure showing the benefits of introducing HIV/AIDS program . Induction programs. Though they have less skills. The main components of the program will be. and safe workplace for all workers. The main benefits of the above program are to ensure that the employer is serious about maintaining a fair. Informed workers then have the tools to protect themselves. It also increases productivity. For instance.

Resources to fund these programs are limited and must be used judiciously to maximize the number of HIV infections averted. CBA is the technique used by the institution in identifying.Cost & Benefit of the HIV/AIDS program The hospital accepts that HIV/AIDS is a reality that affects productivity and profitability. Program managers and policy makers need to balance the costs and benefits of various interventions when planning and evaluating HIV prevention programs. and valuing in a common yardstick for all important cost which are direct and indirect and also the benefit to the society. approaches and mechanisms for delivering capacity-building services. the question becomes: what will it cost to have an HIV/AIDS prevention program in the institution. It includes language and definitions. The taxonomy of CBA services designed to • Enhance organizational infrastructure • Enhance HIV prevention interventions • Strengthen community capacity • Strengthen community planning. quantifying. .

but his productivity. the impacts followed. the International labour organization (ILO) has tried to relate HIV to the workplace and now it’s one of the major factors that an organization has to deal with. Conclusion HIV/AIDS has been a disease that has killed primarily young adults and middle aged adults during their peak productive years. his family. The programmes that we have proposed will surely help to preserve the human capital at the SSRN hospital. on a society aspect as well as on a global economic aspect as we discussed earlier. Since some time. on the workforce. the patients. . as well as the loss of the human capital. if we take just an example of if a heart surgeon gets affected by HIV. The disease when infecting someone at the workplace not only affects him individually. It is therefore vital that we include some programmes so as to counter attack the prevalence rate and to protect our work force at SSRN hospital. This analysis extended the usual definition to include costs and benefits of treatment and care. Moreover the SSRN hospital delivers health care facilities for people.Table showing the type of cost that is needed for the cost benefit analysis Therefore the net benefit of an HIV preventative program is the costs avoided and reduced (the benefit) minus the costs of the itself.

htm . 4. 3. New health minister to campaign AIDS . How To Prevent HIV/AIDS? – Denver. http://www. Workplace HIV programs at the workplace for 5.articlefeeder.html 2. APDIME Toolkit: Resources for HIV/AIDS Program Managers. http://www. FHI/UNAIDS Best Practices in HIV/AIDS Prevention Collection.References 1.kaelo. www.fhi.