structural. The mid-levels of the Tower contain public Sky-Terraces every 50 M. Incheon. Alina Grobe. Josh Sprinkling. Geyang to the east. Located at the intersection of the main pedestrian passageway from east to west and the main artificial waterway from north to south in Lake Park. The upper levels of the Tower contain an astronomical observatory. and energy production device which will become an operational symbol of the future for the IFEZ Cheongna region. Jon Anderson. Seton Beggs Structural: Buro Happold. the Incheon Airport to the west and Mt. gift shops. as well as a Business Spine which contains showroom office space for various technology companies and cultural institutions. tall and offers views of the ocean. It is 400 M. and bars. The lower levels of the Tower contain various leisure and cultural activities such as art and design exhibition spaces. the Tower is intended to be a hub of urban activity and a new destination for the region. an assembly and lecture space. Matt Melnyk THE TOWER This design for the Cheongna City Tower is based on creating an innovative spatial. 2008 Building Type: Tower Office: EMERGENT Principal: Tom Wiscombe Project Team: Takeshi Masuyama.CHEONGNA CITY TOWER. .

THE VERTICAL WINTERGARDEN AS ENERGY DEVICE The envelope of the Tower is based on a double-shell construction which creates a Vertical Winter garden. visible from landing aircraft as well as the surrounding territories.a seasonal high-end restaurant with star chefs. botanical gardens. It operates as a greenhouse in the winter. At night it glows in changing color and light. It houses various observation decks. and various lookout points and observation decks. and leisure activities. This Vertical Winter garden is a naturally ventilated buffer zone isolated with ETFE foil on the exterior. collecting heat energy to be circulated .

throughout the building and as a thermal insulator in the summer. The Plaza is characterized by urban and natural topography. the Winter garden is used in summer as a storage device for cool air which is collected at the top of the tower through large wind intakes which are opened during the night. Interspersed are cafes. and Plaza Roof to the south. The space becomes a complex. a reversible hydronic system is integrated into the exoskeleton of the building which provides radiant heating and cooling. Finally. This is based on the model of passive nighttime cooling towers literalized at a mega-scale. restaurants. Since the birth of the high-rise. cultural events. Rising hot air in the space accumulates at the top where it is passed through heat exchangers and micro-turbines which recoup the energy before the air is exhausted. and engage in leisure activities. In addition. lively urban space where visitors can relax. including lush vegetation and exotic flowers. protecting the internal spaces from thermal gain. This proposal biases continuity between the Tower and its horizontal extensions in order to create a fluid and protected space beneath. there have been many approaches both utopian and opportunistic to resolving how towers connect to the ground as well as to horizontal buildings. a network of waterways and pools. THE PLAZA AND THE ROOF The typology of vertical tower and horizontal plinth is a classic architectural problem. retail building to the north. . and hardscape terraces. and the attendant amenities. These extensions adapt to perform three different functions: ferry platform to the east. It is both a sanctuary and a vibrant urban atmosphere. It is supplied with cooler or warmer fluids from geothermal source heat pumps but it also utilizes the available cool water from the lake basin on site when possible. meet friends.

The structural morphology becomes that of smooth gradients between surface. and rotation in response to vertical and lateral forces as well as geometrical rules set by the design team. width. these spines are merged together to form a hybrid of monologue and frame-andskin construction types. Three main structural spines weave along the facades. surface relief.EVOLUTIONARY EXOSKELETON The structure of the Tower is based on a steel exoskeleton rather than a traditional structural core model. . varying in terms of depth. and strand which is a continuing interest of EMERGENT. Similar to the inside of a turtle¶s shell.

The µsurvivors¶ were then propagated into a new generation in mode Frontier and so on. non-linear method. establishing a feedback loops. mode FRONTIER. CATIA was used to set up the geometry within parametric constraints. This process is similar to natural selection in nature where populations of mutations are generated and then fitness tested by environmental forces. which were then evaluated for their architectural potential. and structural analysis engines was used in a bottom-up nonlinear engineering process. population generating software. and ROBOT A combination of parametric software.CATIA. These mutations were then processed automatically through ROBOT which performs a basic structural evaluation of the mutations. Mode FRONTIER was then used to generate populations of mutations based on a stochastic. . Successful solutions are then bred and tested until the search eventually narrows. allowing for a particular range of behavior.

Spine Buckling Response (Rotation) II. . the roles of architect and engineer in the design process. For this project three boundary conditions were used: I. emergent tendencies at higher levels of organization. which does not have the goal of 100% optimum in any single search but rather a more ecological approach of multiple individual tendencies producing complex.something we are consciously an anemic understanding of optimization as a reductive quest for efficiency rather than as a generative design process which can result in architectural µspecies¶ characterized by both efficiencies and excesses. Spine Footing Response (Translation) This way of working redefines engineering workflows and potentially. Spine Bending Response (Depth) III. The danger here-.The key here was a multi-objective optimization process.

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