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ABSTRACT

Knowledge about caring practices is crucial to the primary caregivers in
their management of the rehabilitating post-stroke patients since they are the
ones who directly attend to the patients. The researchers conducted a study
to evaluate the effectiveness of the iCare Kit for home-based care in
enhancing these caring practices. This is a quantitative study that utilized a
non-equivalent control group design.
The researchers used the population of caregivers of post-stroke
patients from San Pedro Hospital. The researchers used the non-probability
purposive sampling technique to select 20 participants with the following
inclusion criteria: (a) participants should be aged between 16-60, (b) male or
female (c) should have been taking care of post-stroke patients who have had
moderate to severe level of stroke based on their medical diagnoses with
physical affectation/s, regardless of presence of complications, gender and
age (d) do not have formal education in caregiving and other health-related
courses. The 20 participants were divided into two groups, the experimental
group and the control group, through the use of the fishbowl technique.
Both groups were given pretests which measure their preliminary level
of caring practices. After which, the experimental group was given the iCare
Kit while the control group was not given the intervention. After one day, the
participants were given the posttest to measure their caring practices.
For the pretest of the control group (mean=11.2) and experimental
group (mean=10.8) are rated good. The posttest of the control group
(mean=13.7) is rated good while the posttest of the experimental
group(mean=16.6) is very good. Using the _______, the control group
showed no significant difference in their pretest and posttest scores (T stat=
0.712068995, t crit =2.262157158) while the experimental group showed a
significant difference between them (T stat = - 3.26735, t crit = 2.26215).
For the level of skill, the pretest of the control group (mean=84.2) and
experimental group(mean=82.2) are rated good. The posttest of the control
group(mean=82.2) is rated good while the posttest of the experimental
group(mean=127.5) is rated very good. Using the paired t-test for the level of
skill, the control group showed no significant difference in their pretest and
posttest scores (T stat= 0.362588, t crit = 2.100922) while the experimental
group showed a significant difference between them (T stat= -9.38224, t crit =
2.160369). When the experimental group and control group were compared in
their caring practices, the results showed that the experimental group
produced a significant difference in the caring practices while the control
group did not produce a significant difference.
It can be concluded that the iCare Kit is effective in enhancing the
caring practices of post-stroke primary caregivers.