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When working with IP addresses. work with each octet separately. The following table shows the decimal value for various binary values with a single 1 bit. you will need to be proficient at converting decimal and binary numbers.  y| To perform subnetting operations. G.

  10000000 01000000 00100000 00010000 00001000 00000100 00000010 00000001 .

For example. simply add the decimal value of the bits together. Use the following chart to identify the exponent values and the final possible number (after subtracting 2 from each exponent).    128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 y| To find the decimal value of a number with multiple 1 bits. you will need to know how to find the exponential values of 2. å . the decimal value of the binary number 10010101 is: y| 10000000 = 128 00010000 = 16 00000100 = 4 00000001 = 1 Total = 128 + 16 + 4 + 1 = 149 y| To calculate the number of valid subnets or the number of hosts per subnet.

 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11   2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 212    2 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1024 2048 4096     0 2 6 14 30 62 128 254 510 1022 2046 4094 y| .

To find smaller or larger values.Memorize the shaded values.  . divide or multiply the exponent value by 2.

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Use the following chart to identify the solutions to common subnetting tasks. ½.

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such as RIP version 2. EIGRP.  Given a network address and subnet Begin by converting the subnet mask to a binary number. Then mask. or OSPF y| The . how many subnets can you have? decide which formula to use (p is the number of additional bits borrowed from the default mask): p Use if: y| The network uses a classless routing protocol.

! command is configured y| Variable-length Subnet Mask (VLSM) is used p Use  if: y| The network uses a classful routing protocol. such as RIP version 1 or IGRP y| The  .

n = the number of unmasked bits by the custom mask. p Given a network address and subnet  mask. Given a network address and a subnet  p .! command is configured "  If no network details are provided. Then borrow bits and you use? use the formula to find the number that gives you enough subnets and hosts. use p. Then use you have? the formula to find the number of hosts. how many hosts per subnet can Begin by converting the subnet mask to a binary number. To find the number of valid hosts. what subnet mask should Write out the default subnet mask in binary. p p Given a network address and customer   requirements.

x. The magic number identifies: y| The first valid subnet address y| The increment value to find additional subnet addresses Given an IP address and subnet mask. identify the valid subnet The magic number is the decimal value of the last 1 bit in the addresses. subnet mask. mask.

| Identify the subnet and host portions of the mask.| The valid host range is: .| To find the subnet address. draw a y| Broadcast address line y| Valid host address range 2. set all host bits to 1 4.   p find the: Use the following process to find the information you need: y| Subnet address 1. set all host bits to 0 3.| To find the broadcast address.