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COLLECTORS’ ISSUE: Contemporary Design from Around the World


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Date: 2005.11.19 16:33:52 +08'00'

Great Ideas from
Thailand, Sweden, Belgium
and the Netherlands

Gift ideas for
Every Gardener
Celebrate the
Potting Shed
Exterior Style on
the Paris Catwalk
and Evergreen


. Whether it’s a shade. Monrovia’s incredibly large selection of plants takes the guesswork out of designing.” –Gabriela Yariv Monrovia Style™: Creating distinctive gardens . specifying Monrovia plants is like an insurance policy for your garden.. utilizing striking multi-hue plant combinations and sustainable resources. landscape designer. Monrovia Style: Presents THE CONSERVATIONIST Gabriela Yariv. focuses on developing environmentally sensitive gardens. “No design is ever successful without high quality plant material. . formal or contemporary design. . Helleborus x hybridus Royal HeritageTM Strain Lenten Rose one plant at a time.


B Y W I L L I A M L . Photograph by Jerry Harpur. 60 profile public projects. B Y D O N N A D O R I A N On the Cover 70 Designing by Nature Controlled but exuberant: Dutch planting designer Piet Oudolf has a devoted fan base in The sheared hedges of the United States and is the designer of choice for many high- Jacques Wirtz (see page 60). B Y J O A N N A F O R T N A M 60 Controlled Exuberance The Belgian family firm of Wirtz brings streamlined modern classicism to an international corporate and private clientele. we go idea collecting in Europe and Southeast Asia.What makes him the acknowledged master of the New Perennials style? B Y T I M R I C H A R D S O N A man’s feet should be planted in his country. Our findings? Gardens of startling beauty and regional relevancy—but full of design magic and good ideas for you wherever you live. master of the high-end resort landscape Bill Bensley opens the gate into his private garden world of Thai luxuriance and delight.contents NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2005 42 70 52 Features WO R L D C L A S S D E S I G N In this special issue. but does that include gardens? Most certainly if you know Ulf Nordfjell. W A R R E N 52 Nordic Light Sweden is known for its contemporary design culture. but his eyes should survey the world — G E O R G E S A N TAYA N A GARDEN DESIGN 5 . 42 Thai Fusion An American in Bangkok. a designer inspired by the stark yet beautiful Scandinavian landscape.We visit their first garden on the West Coast.

September/October.Attn: Garden Design Ad Management Module. The contents of this publication may not be reproduced in whole or in part without consent of the copyright owner. 34 Décor Interior designer Bunny Williams advises on the finer 36 points of creating and furnishing a functional and comfortable potting shed. Lancaster Premedia Center. the Paris exterior style catwalk.. Periodicals postage paid at Winter Park. no flowers.95 for 2 years. E-mail: gardendesign@worldpub. books to give and receive.We welcome all editorial submissions. no birds. GARDEN DESIGN. and their use by others is strictly prohibited:The Golden Trowel Awards. Growing.S. FL.00 per year. July/August. pots that stand the cold. all rights reserved. NUMBER 134 (ISSN 0733-4923). POSTAL INFORMATION GARDEN DESIGN. P. flowers for the holidays. is published 6 times per year (February/March. FL 32142-1145.O. contact Circulation Department. ©Copyright 2004. Retail sales discounts available. a plant to love. Dirt. $39. EDITORIAL: Send correspondence to Editorial Department. contents 14 Departments 14 Dirt The art of botanical illustra- tion. Details.O. 28 Growing The NewYork Botanical Gar- den has revamped its conifer 28 garden to show off the best varieties for home gardeners. 79 For more. foreign subscribers add $12. Gifts for four different gardeners. 84 96 Details A walk on the wild side in Malibu. November! — T H O M A S HOOD . P. Box 8500. P. For faster service. Inc. FL 32790. we make portions of our subscriber list available to carefully screened companies that offer products and services we think may be of interest to you. please enclose your current subscription label. For subscription information.95 for one year. Lancaster.April.: $23. and additional mailing offices. Occasionally. 216 Greenfield Road. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to GARDEN DESIGN. 6 NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2005 No fruit. Palm Coast. ADVERTISING: Send advertising materials to RR Donnelley & Sons Company. Following are trademarks of GARDEN DESIGN and World Publications. but assume no responsibility for the loss or damage of unsolicited material. LLC.gardendesign. PA bowls made from veggies. November/December) by World Publications. Style. Box 8500. 36 Style 34 Hot new outdoor looks from Maison & Objet. Canadian subscribers add $6.O. A swimming-pool garden for Atlanta’s rainy climate. Phone: 717-481-2851. SUBSCRIPTIONS: U. please call 800/513- 0848. please advise us at 1-800-513-0848. FL 32789.Winter Park. 40 Groundbreaker Christopher Lloyd:Why has this Englishman been so influential in the USA? 40 79 Sage Advice Jack Ruttle’s seasonal advice.Winter Park. no leaves.00 per year. If you do not want to receive these offers. check out www. Sage Advice. Box 421145. May/June.


—J OA N N A F O RT N A M . na Dorian’s visits to Belgium brought If you care about a neglected her into contact with the Wirtz fami- ly. two stylish pavil. but.This is a editors have turned into ideas to share wake-up call to protect America’s in this special international issue. respectively— for cultural conservation. Norfolk. creative content and page 21. please visit www. the Dutch master of the New Perennials school of planting design. rich and diverse garden and horti- don took me to Pensthorpe. world view and enrich your own backyard. rundown public space cursed with freezing-cold winds (OK. of today will be the cultural The fact that good design speaks an inter- national language is crystallized in Battery landmarks of tomorrow.This spot. as I hope you will discover in this issue. And well-traveled photographers garden masterpiece in your own bring the world to our door—Jerry region. The outstanding gardens ideas to try at home to be found everywhere from Bangkok to Belgium. call for entries for the 2006 can gardeners are ever-more receptive to new design ideas. Design is proud to be part of it. two local heroes whose roots in rich local traditions will inspire you.Take a and spread the joy. and sinuous new bench- Birnbaum. from the editor Gained in Translation THIS SUMMER I TOOK A TRIP DOWN TO THE BATTERY. we are American Society of Landscape Nordfjell. erhouse behind A short lunchtime foray downtown is just one of many trips Garden Design Landslide 2006 (page 23). THE SOUTHERNMOST TIP OF Manhattan. and Garden and to the continent to see Piet Oudolf’s early work. was in my mem- PAST & PRESENT ory a depressing. EXECUTIVE EDITOR 8 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 Recognizing the need is the primary condition for design — C H A R L E S EAMES . please don’t keep it to ed with the site. to see the latest work of Piet Oudolf. people talk about the world being smaller than Piet Oudolf. a place rich intellectual pow- in horticulture as well as history. more natural place.tclf. the es follow the lines of the paths through what will be. gardeners have always known this. shaker Charles ions are in place. with its vivid history as the first point of call for immigrants from all over the world. Style editor Don. But what a change: mover and The dank grove of London plane trees has been limbed up to allow more light through to a ground cover of shade-loving perennials. Ulf ever. For many years Residential Design Awards on the New World looked only to England for direction. a garden. there are new connections. Back to the future of design: Clockwise from With all this globetrotting in the top left: Bill Bensley. My own background as an editor in Lon. entry point to America for the entire you have designed or own such world. I should add) has revitalized yourself—enter this competition a tired and heavily used public space with the mood of a wilder. Piet Oudolf (the horticultural master planner and one of several designers Harpur and Andrea Jones shot the work of Ulf Nordfjell of Sweden and landslide/2006/ and stake a claim Bill Bensley of Thailand. Garden Design magazine and the name of ideas. Peter often more familiar with plants from China and South Amer- and Jacques Wirtz. But in a sense. Step forward it wasn’t smart to visit the Statue of Liberty in February). so if Park. cultural heritage. Perhaps the real difference today is that Ameri. in another year. Architects (ASLA) place their ica that have crossed oceans to reach us than we are with our own natives.

E D I TO R - I N - C H I E F
Bill Marken

Joanna Fortnam

Michael Bessire

Donna Dorian

Jenny Andrews

Jason Upright

Nancy Ogburn

Brent Schmierbach

Ken Druse

Jack Ruttle

Charles Birnbaum, Dr. Marc Cathey, Richard
Hartlage,Ruth Chivers, James David, Dick Dun-
mire, Amy Goldman, Christy Hobart, Adam
Levine, Michael MacCaskey, Deborah Madison,
David McMullin, Denise Otis, Diane Dorrans
Saeks, Ivette Soler, Alta Tingle, EmilyYoung


Suzanne Oberholtzer

Krista-Lise Endahl

John Digsby, Monica Alberta,
Laura Peterson, LindsayWarden

Heather Idema

Terry Snow
Jo Rosler

Russ Cherami
Martin S.Walker

V I C E P R E S I D E N T / C I R C U L AT I O N
Bruce Miller
Dean Psarakis
Leigh Bingham

Lisa Earlywine

Jay Evans

Mike Stea
Nancy Coalter
Dinah Peterson

Sheri Bass
Dean Turcol

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Botanical Artists and several florilegium so- deavors to create works of great beauty. to inspire each other. many offering certificate programs. Botanical gar. 1995. believes that “many of nationally. tions with significant col. The Art of Science From a queen’s roses to weeds in a vacant lot. most have oth- Today botanical art is experiencing a ren. such as the Hunt Institute for botanical illustration changed course over its the tide has turned. for its decorative works is unrivaled. see page 15). long history. Schools teaching botanical illus. Georg Ehret.” sung heroes in this. most of whom work in rela- artists as the Bauer brothers. including one at Brooklyn Botanic reached its Golden Age during the 18th cen. and exhibits of both cal art has a strong C O U RT E S Y S H I R L E Y S H E RW O O D C O L L E C T I O N ( 3 ) Shirley Sherwood. Minneapolis. qualities but also today’s artists can be confidently placed dens have been the un. pares to seeing the While botanical illustration is a pro- sidered the “Raphael of botanical illustration. Bottom right:“Pitcher Plants: Sarracenia x whittarii” by Rosanne Sanders.And art Another venue is institu. and particularly Pierre Joseph Redouté. all the techniques ever attached to botanical illustration in the art tele and exhibit space. Undeniably histori- growing group of contemporary artists. have provided a vital network for tury and the first half of the 19th with such Chicago. these artists. con.” original painted work fession for a lucky few. and realism is once again Botanical Documentation in Pittsburgh. Below left: “Blue Water Lily: Nymphaea capensis” by Pandora Sellars. who has tirelessly pro. cieties. in techniques and alongside the masters of the past.P R O O F P OT S | IKEBANA | CUPCAKE FERNS | A S P E C I A L C AC T U S Right: “Maple Leaves” by Wendy Brockman. artists occur across day’s practitioners ternational collection of contemporary the country and inter. 2004. botanical illustration is a perfect convergence of science and art ONCE RELEGATED TO PHYSICIANS’ HERBALS. woodcuts to stipple-point en- 14 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 If you can paint one leaf you can paint the world — J O H N RUSKIN . alism and drawing from observation. 2004. or engraving (for a list er jobs and pursue it as a aissance not only with renewed interest in of some upcoming ex. It have also developed atThe NewYork Botan. but also because of a hibits. from schools had moved away from teaching re. past and present influence on to- moted modern botanical art and whose in.Tucson and other cities. tion are still in play. Interestingly Up until 10 years or so ago. the intrinsic beauty of plants in vogue. a stigma was having the perfect clien. dirt B OTA N I C A L A R T | F R O S T. materials. tration. Nothing com. But lections. The 10-year-old American Society of luring artists in even the most scientific en. ical Garden and in Denver. very serious passion. Garden. used for botanical illustra- world because it was science-based. works of the past. tive isolation.

1977. people like to look at es painted for the Empress Josephine. and $ 1 hibit atWave 5” by In colder zones. our high-tech world.Andrew. From the Shop in the Garden. 718-817-8700. cant lot—a far cry from Redouté’s lush ros.As artist CarolWood- The self-stated goal of botanical artists in explains. Even the use of watercolor on vel. Call 888-592-8325 through January 22. On a basic level.—J E N N Y A N D R E W S 2 3 Here:“ choose garden containers Rory McEwen. Hunt Institute.” 1827).They can stay out all year. new Golden Age meets a need to balance urated colors and a unique luminosity. 952-443-1400.orecontainers. http://huntbot. —J OA N N A F O RT N A M Art is like a border of flowers along the course of civilization — L I N C O L N STEFFENS GARDEN DESIGN 15 . or see www. botanical art is “an antidote to going forward is to continue to improve the machinery of modernity and a recon- their craft and to find new inspiration. www. plant in more detail than photography can. comes with a lifetime warranty. plant and is also a work of beauty.nybg. Bronx Lot Florilegium. still an essential tool for science.westminsterteak. Inspiration and Translation: Botanical and Horticultural $310 each. The New York Botanical Garden. such as digital imagery. “Aster de Chine. rust finish: vertical. asbaexhibitions@aol. A recent ex.Three window-box planters in natural November 18.Artist for an Empire (shown at left. Eighth Annual International Juried Exhibition. but the results are sat. horizontal or square. $278. Monk’s container garden Hood with Ailsa Craig II. $242.ASBA and these containers are made from iron 1⁄16 inch The Horticultural Society of New York.cmu. showing a dia. used but the best botanical art rises above the a nontraditional. In plantation teak. [2] Designed to be left outdoors all year. November 7. $360. with the lum has been revived by such artists as strong popular interest in gardening and con- Wendy Brockman and Kate Nessler—a very cerns about the environment. through December 22. through 817-8073 or www. See www. 866-691-9080. plants and at lovely pictures—botanical art Many artists feel botanical illustration is provides both. [3] The Westminster planter.graving. through thick. Some feel this demanding approach. 36 or 48 inches tall.umn. that stand up to the big freeze.‘Homage to Karl No-Crack Pots Blossfeldt’ no. local sources and full range. $365 The Transfer of Knowledge:The Art of Botanical Illustration.” Illustration is few artists are even exploring other 20 by Flowers by Redouté.com for Lithographs of Joseph Prestele and Sons. multi-media approach to strict depiction of the “nuts and bolts” of a examine the overlooked plant life in a va. even if the plant moves indoors [1] Tall fiberglass planter with horizontal exhibitions ribbing detail: 20 inches. www. 718- Minnesota Landscape Arboretum. A nection with the aesthetic. more relevant today than ever.

Her most anything. From Vivaterra: $38 each. combined with the Coated in seven layers of natural black charm. zucchini. Not food safe. a simple ikebana arrangement in holiday col. trick. with very thin green florists’ wire. —J F ors. and Mexican papaya. from half gourds. Keiko Kubo offers custom floral work for offices.—D O N N A D O R I A N 16 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 If you plant a good turnip seed properly a turnip is what you will get every single time — R U T H S TO U T . bringing fresh elegance to the this year take a new approach with leaves of cast-iron plant (aspidistra) and steel lacquer. galleries and events in the Chicago area. dirt gift ideas Veggie Bowls Made from slices of fresh produce hand- pressed and then shaped into durable and colorful undulating flowers. these Veggie Parchment Bowls by natural sculptor Margaret Dorfman are the perfect size for a votive candle in a cup. Call 877-455-6350 for retail sources. and the fun. hence. Call 773-726- 7755 or email keiko@ ikebanabykeiko. Keiko’s dramatic rendition is like a ese ikebana relies on limited color and ma. Japan. is in shaping the steel Keiko’s biggest tip: Keep it simple. An invisible coating keeps the translucent colors vibrant. vase. $98 for a set of three. perfect for holiday treats. Actually.While grass (inserted into the wire balls to hold Western floral design tends to draw on an it in place) to balance and interact with the MICHAEL KRAUS ebullient range of flowers and colors. terials. $24. “Ikebana—the Japanese art of flower Start by shaping 16-inch gauge wire into arranging—takes years of training. The tical and contemporary. they cost from $231 for a set of 12. and red amaryllis show no sign of losing their even three red roses).—J A fyi Combining ikebana and Western style floral the cutting edge Gourd Goods DRESSED FOR THE HOLIDAYS From Italian furniture label Gervasoni BLU comes this quirky collection of bowls made ALTHOUGH OLD STANDARDS LIKE PAPERWHITES dahlias (any blousy red flower will work.95) offers an introduction leaves and bind them together at the sides to this international art that is both prac. the use here of just three red ribbons and all. young girl outfitted for a fancy dress ball. will March 2006 book Keiko’s Ikebana (Tuttle do.” says Keiko Kubo. but two balls and then place one each into the there are many simple techniques that one bottom of two cylindrical containers—al- can easily master. Then wrap each jar with aspidistra Publishing. Call 800-233- 6011 or see www. Below. even recycled olive jars. arranging this design is easy.vivaterra. clockwise from top left are bowls made from papaya and beets. grass (Xanthorrhoea quandrangulata).


and give them more light. It’s simple.The microscopic spores tend to drift like dust and can stick on hands and clothing and may fall onto other pellets. dirt propagation Cupcake Ferns GROWING FERNS FROM SCRATCH IS EASIER THAN YOU MIGHT THINK. tear own ferns is a perfect activity in a warm little greenhouse on a cold winter’s day. place it in dustlike spores that are typically produced by the little brown dots (known as sporangia) found on a folded sheet of paper and put it in a dry the undersides of their fronds.YOU CAN COLLECT SPORES FROM [ S T E P 1 ] Select a frond from one of your your own plants or. these primitive plants propagate through onto your fingers. brown or yellowish powdery spores onto the pellets. ripe brown spores (produced in the dark age the Victorian fernery at The Morris Arboretum in Philadelphia.Thin them carefully with small scissors and allow only two or three of the largest ones to remain. nearly foolproof dots. including cupcake liners.You can separate and repot them later when they begin to crowd each other. Growing your in warm water. fronds). [ S T E P 4 ] Cover each cupcake liner with an 8-ounce clear-plastic tumbler to create a miniature high-humidity terrarium. Place each pellet in an individual foil cupcake liner. fyi Depending on the species. [ S T E P 5 ] Depending on the type of fern. who man. which looks like baby ferns. Keep the whole tray in a warm spot with indirect light. the spores fall to the ground and grow into small mosslike location for a week or two.When fully expanded. on the undersides of the and uses everyday materials you may already have in your home. with permission. spores can general- ly be collected spring into summer. or sporangia.—RO B C A R D I L L O and pull away some of the netting from the top opening to maximize your planting area.Add a little water as necessary to keep the environment moist. from other people’s greenhouses and gardens. For houseplant ferns. fern spores ripen on most hardy outdoor types from May through June. 5 6 18 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 These winter nights against my window-pane Nature with busy pencil draws designs of ferns — T H O M A S BAILEY ALDRICH . Here’s a real favorite plants and check the back for kitchen-tested recipe that comes from frond lovers Shelley Dillard and Dianne Smith. you’ll have to patiently wait two to six weeks to see the mosslike first stage (called the pro- thallia) develop. Rather than seeds. [ S T E P 3 ] Place the fern cupcakes in a plastic tray and carefully add a few teaspoons of wa- ter to the cupcake liner to ensure that the 1 2 expanded pellet stays moist.Then trans- RO B C A R D I L L O ( 6 ) plant the baby ferns into a larger flat filled with good-quality potting mix.Take the stored frond out of the folded paper and tap a little of the black. Be careful if you’re starting more than one kind of fern. creatures (known as prothallia) with teeny heart-shaped leaves. the spores will rub off easily First a quick note about fern biology. Snip the frond.With enough [ S T E P 2 ] Soak several standard peat pellets moisture in the environment the second stage develops. 3 4 [ S T E P 6 ] Wait another six to eight weeks till you see tiny true fronds appear. If ripe. this is the first fern stage.When ready.


Water frequently in c a n ’t ge t e n o u g h ? Other recent warm weather and sparingly when dormant books to put on your shopping list are: (generally October to March). For several years breathtaking wide views and intimate details. gies and using a variety of plants. mix and a porous product like pumice. For rely on regional plants and a few days in spring the dense crown is near. and when Lumpstick dramatically ciples that inform each specific effects and advice on planning for easy took center stage this spring.” Turner ad- photographs show plant. plant-centered. and many specialty nurseries don’t of. A few visits to cactus-related Web Pacific Northwest gardens. $34. of dramatic plant portraits like the one at left fer it—yet. This treasure adapts well to cultivation imaginative gardeners who if grafted onto a more vigorous relative. Z A C K S TO VA L L ( 4 ) those locales were the closely guarded se. with an emphasis on a spiny stick to my collection.A plants into a garden. $34. Eddison. $35) Mexican state of Coahuila. Here’s a self-help book for gardeners who sponse to their surround- cret of two intrepid plant explorers who re. The book includes site plans. and maybe your heart. cart home too many “gotta-have” plants.This is a feast store. dresses issues such as “to plan or not to i love this plant ings in sun and shade. materials. I was happy to add the speckled lump on Denk and Debra Prinzing (Cool Springs Press. Prinzing’s text alter. where it clings achieve similar results. struggles and achievements as they Kingsbury (Timber Press.95) practical advice and in. it will steal the show. Dickey paints vivid discovered this species in 1996. Not a plant for the garden.Texture.” broad-brush versus nitty-gritty strate- rooftops. ings. maintenance. portraits of passionate. space. $29. MAMMILLARIA LUETHYI races. (Damiani Editore. Here are a few that deserve a place in any avid gardener’s library. on plan. illumines eight gardeners’ Time and Space by Piet Oudolf and Noel plant at first. tur- face or perlite will keep it happy. Planting Design: Gardens in SOMETIMES WE DON’T LOVE OR EVEN LIKE A vating storyteller. in a sun- ny or brightly lit area. Hall aptly communicate varying moods. designing gardens.99) goes beyond using high-performing immediately displace anything from myTop merely featuring nine lush perennials to create 10 list. Color. 2005. Plantworlds by regular Garden Design You won’t find this gem for sale in a box photographer Andrea Jones. a storehouse. a counselor — C H A R L E S BAUDELAIRE . reveals how to tame a spiring design strategies hodgepodge of plants into for transforming potted a cohesive garden. from flowers. a veteran gardener and capti. decks and ter. all-season interest. dirt books Hot Off the Press Some of the best new books on garden design offer a fascinating variety of perspectives—and make wonderful gifts during this holiday season. since it is known to these personal Edens and Page Dickey’s Gardens in the Spirit of grow naturally in only two small areas of the sharing insights into how other gardeners can Place (Stewart. 2005. $65). a party. I ac. A medium of equal parts potting rural sites to seaside and woodland gardens. Roger Turner’s Design in the Plant Collec. design movable feasts for the eyes. an orchard. $35) offers ber Press. Photos by John ly obscured by vivid magenta and white M. 2005.Tabori & Chang. I was in love. Just released. but our feelings change as we intentions.The photos make a compelling Mammillaria luethyi could serve as a poster nates between describing case for design that celebrates subtlety. lists of plants for choice. 2005. by Tim Richardson (Aurum Press. sites made me realize I had something very it explains the design prin. plant for conservation. eco- quired this specimen a few years ago from The Abundant Garden:A Celebration of logical approach to a friend who had second thoughts about it.95) takes a learn about it or as it struts its stuff.—R AY RO G E R S 20 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 A book is a garden. 2005.—V I R G I N I A S M A L L Sydney Eddison’s Gardens to Go: tor’s Garden: From Creating and Maintaining a Container Chaos to Beauty (Tim- Garden (Bullfinch Press. and Blooms by Barbara J. but it didn’t 2005. a company by the way. Denk’s images include showcases 14 American to limestone outcrops. British landscape designer Steve Silk’s stunning and self-avowed “plantaholic. 2005. but of perilla. $75) as part of a collection or on a dining table English Gardens in the Twentieth Century (especially in bloom). gardens created in re- A N D R E B A R A N O W S K I .


Na ‘Aina Kai offers the fragrance of the pink and white show- Above: Rock terraces at Limahuli Garden where taro was culti- past plantings of pritchardia. the melodious song philanthropist Robert Allerton and his son. native to showpiece of landscape architecture incor. as well as a koi-filled lagoon. se- cluded white-sand beach and one of the largest collections of bronze sculptures in the United States. Pathways lead Limahuli: 808-826-1053.—M A R G A R E T A . particularly rare and endangered The adjoining McBryde Garden boasts Na ‘Aina Kai Garden and Sculpture species.A series of out. contrasting grandmother of NTBG director Chipper Three gardens are under the umbrella of with shades of green below. the state flower. many of which thrived in this tropical paradise. A bamboo Hula Man by Robert bridge crosses the stream. Hawaiian gallinules. dabble. endangered birds red flowers of torch with red bills and feet. it extends along the Lawai stream to 808-742-2623. a 240-acre paradise with 13 gardens including a hedge maze. the Hawaiian Islands are hard to beat. is the oldest of the old stone walls.A fantastic variety of plants and animals evolved here. Diana sculpture north shore lies Limahuli Garden. ian plants worldwide.ntbg. Park: 808-828-0525. with its steep cliffs. H A A P O J A NTBG’s mission of “conserving tropical plant presiding over her reflecting pool. Called the Garden Isle. Na ‘Aina Kai Botanical Garden. Wichman donated the property where early the NationalTropical Botanical Garden. Sculp- ture Park and Hardwood Plantation is Kauai’s newest. bougainvillea cloak the 22 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 Hawaii is paradise born of fire — R A N D M C N A L LY . where Shure at Na ‘Aina Kai. Starting near the Allerton or McBryde Gardens: porating hilly contours. lush valleys. diversity. www. a palm vated by early settlers.naainakai.As people from around the world moved to the islands. www. ginger (Etlingera ela- Beyond the last bridge on Kauai’s tior). most of them found nowhere else. Kauai.” The formal Allerton Garden. but all share sculptures like the Roman goddess Diana terraces. Curtains of crimson plants of the indigenous Hawaiian people. flowing water and ocean. and yellow hibis- Left to right: Bronze cus. a the largest ex situ collection of native Hawai. an at Allerton Garden. dirt travel Kauai: The Garden Isle For gardeners seeking escape from their frozen winter gardens. Kauai is home to four fascinating public gardens. abundant rainfall and rich volcanic soil. otherworldly place perched on a steep hillside surrounded by crenellated cliffs er tree (Cassia javanica). chil- dren’s garden and desert garden. Each door rooms provides dramatic settings for settlers once cultivated taro on ancient rock has its own unique signature.ntbg.The focus here is on cultural MARGARET HAAPOJA (4) of the Chinese laughing thrush and the sur. they brought an array of plants. hardwood forest. of lush greenery. was designed by Chicago a waterfall high in the valley.The real blossoms of the blue-jade vine. www. beginning in 1937. Founded and designed by Joyce and Ed Doty.


$18) you are entitled to up to 20 free packets L I N DA B RYA N ( 2 ) .Wilmette. dirt f o r t h e l ove o f p i e t Inspired by the waving grasses and painterly perennials of Piet Oudolf ’s designs (see pages 70-77)? If you are an overseas member of the Royal Horticultural Society. M A R I A N N E M A J E R U S of seed—and nearly 700 items to egant offerings of the high-end boutique.—J F border could be with Christmas ornaments. Illinois. For more information call bulbs and orchids. U. and a tussie-mussie fashioned 31. forced hours and days. a hydrangea-filled urn. decor cones and humble acorns become sculpture. ext. see all laid out on “linens” of evergreen cuttings.“There’s noth. The RHS surplus- Right: Designer Craig seed distribution list is included in Bergmann in his green- house workshop. A Phytosanitary ing artificial. by applying for surplus fresh and dried floral 847-251-8355. 11 or visit www. bergmann. 2006. garden-inspired ornament for the home. you could recreate a small corner of Oudolf ’s New Perennials borders at the RHS gardens in Wisley. For RHS with dried roses and old millinery fruit— A small corner membership.. attached to a former farmhouse. a verdigris candelabra. spe- for some of the Chicago area’s most inspir. magazine.craig arrangements. or bunches of win- ing landscapes. Lake Ave. an antique terrarium is filled www. and giant pine from seed.The overriding theme here is nature. now the of. yours to grow paper are used as pedestals. Open limited Specialty plants including topiaries. of an Oudolf Elsewhere. rolls of old It is des- Bergmann’s Garden Shop in Wilmette is in tined for every discriminating garden an early-1900s Lord & Burnham greenhouse lover’s not-to-be-missed list.rhs. is bringing his artful aesthet. terberry and other “raw” ingredients for ic indoors by opening a boutique that sells projects of their own design. where customers can CRAIG BERGMANN. THE DESIGNER RESPONSIBLE purchase staff-styled arrangements. the November issue of the members’ Below:Tabletop display. A floral-arranging center is set up in BEST OF THE SEASON the nearby garage. choose and for a flat fee of 10 pounds sterling (about U. Bergmann’s new shop overflows with Opening in November—just in time for his signature contemporary.K. and antiques are among the el.” Bergmann says. Apply by January china. but this is pro- stuffy. cial-order displays.—L AU R I E G R A N O 24 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 Love of gardening is a seed that once sown never dies — G E R T R U D E JEKYLL 24 .S.“Our mantra is Certificate is required for orders to using natural materials in creative ways. One lush tablescape highlights antique cessed by the RHS. Craig Bergmann’s Garden Shop is at 1924 fices of Bergmann’s landscape design firm.” The shop is sophisticated without being the United States. informal take holiday decorating and gift buying—Craig on the formal European model.


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Drop a fellow gardener
a line with a stylish,
botanically correct card from
one of these new lines
[1] Illustrated by members of the by Mary Ryniec). Boxed set of 20 out using a camera.The electric style, turning antique prints into pop
Florilegium Society of the cards: four each of five different il- pastel colors printed on translucent art with a handmade look (pictured,
Brooklyn Botanic Garden, these lustrations, blank inside, $12.95. Call paper give the note cards a couture zinnia). Eloquent Ink was formed a
cards are an outgrowth of the soci- 718-623-7280 or see look. Eight cards, each a different year ago by two friends, a filmmak-
ety’s project to document the plants [2] Using a technique that has its design, packaged in a clear-plastic er/gardener and a Harvard grad/
in the garden. Each image is so de- roots in the early days of photogra- envelope or sheer-fabric pouch, stay-at-home mom. Cards available
tailed it could be framed to make a phy, artist Lois Bender of Flora $14. Call 212-249-6225 or see in nine designs, in ruby red, forest
miniature botanical print.The plant Bloom GardenSpirits places www.gardenspirits green and dark blue.Wrapping pa-

name and location in the garden and herbs, leaves and flowers on photo- [3] Using old botanical drawings as per and gift tags also available. See
artist’s name are on the back of graphic paper and exposes it to reference, Eloquent Ink gives a under “pur-
each (pictured, Magnolia ‘Elizabeth’ light, creating haunting images with- contemporary twist to a traditional chase” for retail sources.—J A


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blue cascade that blends Care: Conifers are easy RICHARD FELBER (2) beautifully with a variety of to grow if you choose the other dwarf conifers plant. this collection showcases the diversity of ornamental conifers and will inspire more of us to use these tough and elegant plants in our own gardens. can take shade. spruces and hemlocks resent heat and humidity and are better in cooler climates. conifers bring texture. Give sun-loving conifers 28 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 The planting of trees is the least self-centered of all that we do — T H O R N T O N WILDER . Junipers ‘Procumbens’ (Zones 3-7) and yews can withstand Prostrate blue Colorado neutral soils. firs prefer spruce creates a powder. From adorable miniature pines to feathery false cypresses and stately spruces. shady nooks and open vistas. Exposure: Most conifers prefer full sun. sizes. many conifers do well in California’s dry Zones 8 and 9.True cedars are best in warmer zones. visit the new Benenson Ornamental Conifers collection at The NewYork Botanical Garden. Most firs. growing Cool Conifers The backbone of the four-season garden. more acid soils.To see more than 250 of the best for gardens. spot and plant it properly. like hemlocks. including the beautiful plants pic- tured here.Whether you garden in Maine or the Mediterranean.They are as at home in the mixed border as they are as specimen trees or indestructible ground covers. and many have blue. well-drained. but some. textures and colors. PICEA PUNGENS slightly acid soil. conifers come in all shapes.They range from tiny buns that take 20 years to become softball size to massive trees with a dignified grace that rival the most venerable oak. —TODD FORREST Appeal: Conifers are the ultimate four-season plants. plum- yews (Cephalotaxus harringtonii) and Russian arborvitae. right plant for the right ed amid exposed rocks. Zones: Most commonly available conifers will thrive in Zones 3 to 7. form and color CONIFERS ARE NOT JUST FOR PARKING-LOT MEDIANS AND SCREENING PLANTINGS ANYMORE. While the Deep South can be too humid for some. Most are ever- green. there are dozens of tough and colorful conifers to choose from. Planted across a landscape of exposed rock. Soil: Conifers grow best in moist. golden or variegated needles.

buttressed trunks. is spectacular against the fluted. a deciduous conifer from China. METASEQUOIA GLYPTOSTROBOIDES (Zones 5-8) The warm amber fall foliage of dawn redwood. Trees are the earth’s endless effort to speak to the listening heaven — R A B I N D R A N A T H TA G O R GARDEN DESIGN 29 .

Deer re- sistant and shade tolerant.nybg. 30 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 The pine tree seems to listen. the fir tree to wait. this selection of Japanese umbrella pine be- 1 2 comes a perfect pyramid of thick. useful plants.Amend heavy Nature or a hose. Conifers These conifers do not produce new (Zones 6-8) Weeping blue root flare (where the roots and the can be shaped through regular growth from old wood. President for Horticulture and Living espalier or staked to be- after planting. such as pines. [4] MICROBIOTA DE- CUSSATA (Zones 3-7) Russian arborvitae is a low. so your conifer receives 1 inch of tly snipped back. cypresses and water per week from Mother yews can be sheared. and thereafter water dling. Fertilize only if a shearing junipers and arborvitae: C A ‘Glauca Pendula’ soils with compost. Plant so that the soil test indicates a need. a ground cover scram- Top-dress with 2 to 3 inches of snapped off in spring after they have bling over dark rocks. new pine shoots can be sive pruning can be disastrous. spreading conifer with feathery sprays of light green foliage in summer that take on burgundy tones in winter. growing [1] JUNIPERUS HORI- ZONTALIS ‘Lime Glow’ (Zones 4-9) This compact juniper is an orderly mound of brilliant green and gold in summer that takes on autumnal tones in winter. Firs perform best in cool climates and tend to struggle in the warm Southeast. It RICHARD FELBER (5) mulch but do not allow the mulch extended but before the needles Todd Forrest is Associate Vice can also be trained as an to touch the trunk. [2] SCIADOPITYS VER- TICILLATA ‘Wintergreen’ (Zones 5-7) Introduced by the legendary Sidney Waxman. and Soak completely expand in a process known as “can.” Firs and spruces can be gen. [3] ABIES ALB A ‘Green Spiral’ (Zones 4-7) Pen- dent branches grow from a trunk that corkscrews its way upward to become a uniquely beautiful speci- men plant. leathery needles 3 4 that remain dark green throughout the year. Junipers are extremely tough. and both without impatience — F R I E D R I C H NIETZSCHE . but be careful [5] CEDRUS ATLANTI- junipers ample light. Collections at The New York come an upright weeper. it is an indispensable plant. Atlas cedar is stunning as trunk meet) is at the finished grade. Hemlocks and Botanical Garden (www. pruning.

paper- back) which covers the gamut from hardiness zones to propagation methods. $52.L. you should own a copy of Michael Dirr’s ency- clopedic and entertaining Manual of Woody Landscape Plants (Stipes Publishing L..95. fyi Most gardeners are also ardent bibliophiles and will not be able to do without a few indispensable references. 1998. $24. paper- back) is beautifully illustrated and includes detailed descriptions of great conifers and tips on planting. pruning and care.C. 2005. 5 Trees and stones will teach you that which you can never learn from masters — S A I N T BERNARD GARDEN DESIGN 31 . If there is even a single tree or shrub in your garden. Gardening with Conifers by Adrian Bloom (Firefly Books Ltd..80.

A large conifer will quickly overwhelm a small garden. a dwarf conifer will seem spruce grows into an forlorn in a wide-open space. To create a fuller plant. 32 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 Between every two pines is a doorway to a new world — J O H N MUIR . [7] CHAMAECYPARIS NOOTKATENSIS ‘Pendula’ (Zones 4-8) One of the most elegant large conifers. snakebranch garden. upright conifers as vertical accents. pinch the new shoots after they extend. it makes a wonderful specimen tree. Do not crowd shade-intolerant robes. it becomes one of the most poetic screening plantings imaginable. Used singly. Plan for year-round appeal. [9] PICEA ABIES ‘Virga- ta’ (Zones 3-7) Awkward d e s i g n i n g w i t h c o n i f e r s Pick an appropriate conifer for the scale of your when young. Give it plenty of conifers such as pines or junipers or they will lose their lower foliage and become unsightly. A specimen conifer will anchor unusual specimen tree a bed in winter and serve as the perfect backdrop for herbaceous perennials during the that reminds me of a RICHARD FELBER (4) growing season. space to mature. Use narrow. [8] PINUS WALLICHI- AN A ‘Zebrina’ (Zones 6-8) Striking variegation of green and gold on ex- tremely long needles grouped in clusters of five make this fast-growing pine one of my favorites. In a clus- ter. growing [6] TSUGA C AN ADEN- SIS ‘Pendula’ (Zones 3-7) Mature Sargent’s weeping hemlocks like this speci- men create living caves 6 7 with walls of delicate green needles hanging 8 9 from sinuous trunks. Use boldly textured or colored conifers as focal points in a mixed skeleton in loose-fitting border.

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An Affair with a House (Stewart. one of her first tasks. lived in and cherished ever since. so she could get to work on the garden. after shoring up the 1840 house itself. co-authored with Christine Pittel. $55). the other a more earthy work space—both with a picture-perfect provincial look. the potting shed IT’S ALMOST EVERY GARDENER’S DREAM TO HAVE A POTTING SHED—WELL-EQUIPPED AND roomy enough to be an inside place that reflects how you feel about your garden. was to carve out two potting sheds— one equipped as a flower prep room. Cer- tainly that was the way interior designer and author Bunny Williams felt when she moved into the northwest Connecticut home she bought 28 years ago—and has worked on. As she recalls in her new book. I learned that within me there lay an invincible summer — A L B E R T CAMUS . decor C R E AT I V E I D E A S I N E X T E R I O R D E C O R AT I N G Right: An old workroom in the barn became a flower prep room. Natural mahogany was chosen for shelves and wainscoting as it can withstand water splashes. Pottingg Schemes A new book by designer and gardener Bunny Williams includes a fresh look at an old standard. Below: Bunny Williams’ Connecticut home.Tabori & Chang. 34 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 In the depth of winter.

J O E S TA N DA RT control the flow of water with your feet and keep your hands free.Then Williams had the natural concrete floors waxed. The potting shed is a cosy gardener’s retreat with a wicker chair and old school desk. for the tools that need to be close at hand. and an old school desk where she keeps her garden note- book that tracks successes and failures. by summer’s end.” Functional and inspiring. E R I C S T R I F F L E R . for the stacks of clean terra- cotta pots awaiting the newest seedlings. From left. terra-cotta pots.” says Williams. F U R N I S H I N G S : The centerpiece of the flower prep room is a handsome old French-style copper sink divided in the middle and matched with two faucets equipped with floor pedals—so you can F R I T Z V O N D E R S C H U L E N B E R G . B R O W N I N G GARDEN DESIGN 35 . S T Y L E : Rustic-country—“What I like to call provincial.” writes Williams. for the bins of potting soils and fertiliz- ers. and repots her suc- culent collection. R I C H A R D F E L B E R . where you can pot your annuals in the spring and hope. I trust in Nature for the stable laws of beauty and utility — R O B E R T T. F U N C T I O N : “Every gardener needs a workspace. FORM: It didn’t take Williams long to recognize that two rooms in the old barn—a workroom and what was proba- bly the old tack room—were marked from the start for garden utility conversion. they will grow to be bursting with blooms. brought in a painted pie cupboard for stor- age and put in radiant heat in the floor so the room would be usable all winter. An old copper butler’s sink makes a utilitarian space enjoyable. P L A N T S : She pampers and pots annu- als like ageratum for the terrace and be- gonias for the porch. B O N U S : Simply having two potting sheds is bonus enough. clockwise: Bunny Williams outside the barn. In winter plants like agapanthus that don’t need sun when they go dormant find a home out of the frost. in the potting shed she keeps her tools.Williams’ work spaces allow her to organize: She stores her collection of vases under the sink in the flower prep room. “It’s the place where you can be a little dirty.

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he found Heronswood. the nursery that has be. though. He could have genta purple of an Armen- devoted the years of his stewardship. opposite: Great that has grown up on this side of the At- Dixter’s billowing lantic over the past few decades and a dis- perennial borders and proportionate share talk of their debt to wildflower meadow. in the “free- sensibility. Dixter “from the first moment I saw it” in He became famous in part for his plants. Lloyd’s will- ingness to let plants sow themselves and find their own place within the gar- den. of English tradition. Englishman Christopher Lloyd. would turn into the most exciting public come the pre-eminent source for new and garden in the United States. lawns. psilostemon). dom” with which he used the plants. the 1450’s manor house in trast. has which he used his finds. at 84. but also in the sown plants in his own garden making at 40 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 The purest and most thoughtful minds are those which love color the most — J O H N RUSKIN . and Lloyd on that trip. But ask the orful mode. had his coolly architectural land- helped Lloyd’s father (a noted gardener in scape with drama. Seven years later. of Wave Hill. Hinkley would that.There was a strong sense of What struck him was Lloyd’s special the man. matching discordant which. or the bold fo- tus quo. Son of a well.That was what impressed a young then. distinctively native style left. groundbreaker I N N O VAT I V E M I N D S I N G A R D E N D E S I G N ON THE FACE OF IT. he still lives. Edwin Lutyens. J O H N G L O V E R . and the son could John’s chamomile (Anthemis reasonably have been expected to content sancti-johannis) with a ma- himself with playing curator. paths. Stufano says.” as he is known to an astonishingly broad circle of daring imagination with horticultural admirers and friends. co Polo Stufano said made him love Great tively. having just taken over management Dan Hinkley on his first visit to Great Dix. Stufano had no in his own development as a plantsman. his own right) lay out the complex of yew for example. intent on seeing as many he recalls his meeting with Lloyd as crucial English gardens as possible. Below leaders of the new. flowers and foliages to fill Gertrude Jekyll’s design partner. gloriously his own. C L I V E N I C H O L S ter in 1980. He didn’t meet rare garden plants in the United States. ian cranesbill (Geranium tional Trust style. Lloyd inherited a famous garden along with he tests the limits of con- Great Dixter. Rather. Outside the Lines Christopher Lloyd: Master of inspiring planting design That detail. time to talk. a neglected 28-acre estate A N D R E W L AW S O N . Hinkley realized. not the harmonious pastels to-do businessman-turned-country-squire. His genius. to maintaining the sta. Stufano was a young man in a hurry manship. exemplifies what Mar- to make the Great Dixter garden distinc. combine the hedges. made a long and distinguished career of Lloyd’s style of planting is confounding expectations. The truth is that “Christo. lay not only in his connoisseur’s eye for a Stufano would pick up on the use of self- superior species or cultivar. Na. 1967. terraces and borders luminous orange of a Saint that surround the house. Lloyd took a degree in liage of a hardy Japanese ba- horticulture at the Wye College campus of nana with the purple haze the University of London and proceeded of self-sown Argentine ver- vain (Verbena bonariensis). He will. HE’S A MOST UNLIKELY Left: Christopher mentor for this generation of self-con- Lloyd in typically col- sciously American gardeners. Instead. over the next couple of decades.

” combinations intended to create a tropical fano found none of the “paint-by-numbers” That most difficult horticultural bal. —TO M C H R I S TO P H E R . according to Stufano.”Yet. he wrote of how the two of them had a crucial affection for species-type plants or flow.” explains Stufano. in es the house).”What he summer he found a model for found at Great Dixter. appetite for plant novelties seems turned many times since and to have slackened. senior years. dening (he credits his mother It is Lloyd. in unexpected ways. “They drift. they fall over each other. Hink. “We’re go- planting in sharply delineated blocks that ancing act. they fraternize with each oth. Fergus Garrett. ley says that on a visit this past ed on self-sowings.This gives his plantings an er. Instead. He has. “They 1993. though. who (typ- with first bringing wildflowers ically) has the last word. he adds. horticultural maturity: Lloyd’s on that first trip (he has re.At Great Dixter. overtaken by now counts the owner as a a fascination with wringing star- friend) was far more than this tling new looks out of tried-and- simple trick. of loosening the constraints on ing places. they climb just ripped out Edwin Lutyens’ rose gar- for cultivars in which the wild grace and up each other.Wave Hill: “We always count. trol. that must Lloyd let the plants intermingle. “and it’s exciting. need to study. den to make space for an “exotic garden” beauty persist. be it. though.” If there is era (the late ’60s and early ’70s). is something we as Americans still a spirit of American gardening. effect in late summer and fall. or combinations and textural combinations. collaborator. Stu. “always with an eye to col. Soon af- into the area of uncut grass ter taking on a young horticultural through which one approach. then well into his he so disliked in American gardens of that the plants without abdicating artistic con. Lloyd was an ear.” wrote Lloyd. true plants by juxtaposing them ly advocate of meadow gar. in which they would experiment with plant extraordinary fluidity. according to Stufano.

B Y W I L L I A M L . WO R L D C L A S S D E S I G N BILL BENSLEY THAI FUSION After working in Hong Kong and Singapore for several years. but also throughout Southeast Asia. WA R R E N P H OTO G R A P H S B Y A N D R E A J O N E S 42 . Europe and North America. shown on these pages. Bensley’s own garden. Since then he has become one of the pre- eminent garden designers—mostly for resort hotels—not only in Thailand. local artifacts and cultural visual cues—any of which may find their way into one of his luxurious and entrancing escapist landscapes. American- born Bill Bensley settled in Bangkok in 1989 and established a business on his own as a landscape architect. is a continual work in progress where he experiments with plants and explores the creative possibilities of new colors.

Chinese lanterns. Bill Bensley himself. 43 . one of Bensley’s favorite plants. and Thai antiques. Right: A cobalt arch lends drama to the surround of lush jungle green. Frangi- pani flowers.Left: Outdoor living Bensley-style—a five- sided porch filled with orchids.

anonymous glass. 44 . ig cities are the same the world over—rushing traffic.

increas. the property was originally two separate compounds that have now been connected.” as Bensley calls resort. along with his father and his partner Jirachai Rengthong.The worst of these resorts are criticized for approach to creating a being superficial and gimmicky. Bensley lives. a population in identical foliage of Bensley’s garden casual clothes from Berlin to Houston. double wooden gates on a dusty side street. tures to create a sure sense of place that is inspiring to experience. but the best draw on local traditions and building cul. and lawn.Their home demonstrates the refinement and meticulous attention to detail that is required to evoke a fantasy of Thailand. An American in Thailand. is part of his signature Western lens of sophistication and luxury. Paired blue chaises and mandarin orange umbrel- las around the pool say welcome and stand out vividly against the dense steel and concrete buildings. a gifted horticulturist. at Baan Botanica in Bangkok. memorable ambience. Such “garden ing numbers of well-off but weary global travelers have turned to the “exclusive lifestyle jewelry. One contains two 45 .” which promises an authentic experience of local culture filtered through a it. yet one that still has its roots in reality. Hidden behind huge. landscape architect Bill Bensley specializes in the cre- ation of such sensual and imaginatively daring enclaves. In the midst of this homogenization.

visible from almost every window. as in intricately carved columns or dramatic swimming pools. But the challenge of creating layer upon layer tower. Right: A collage of views el schedule and as a sort of creative laboratory. mist pours from the gaping mouth.” since. “The abil. An essential component of any Bensley garden. also. For instance. a look-out and next rainy season you have a tree. which opened in 1995. throughout the garden. One of the most dramatic Bensley creations is the 20-acre Four Seasons Resort outside the northernThai city of Chiang Mai. Our lat. a once-conventional Bangkok house has been transformed into an imaginative workshop. In the same way that his resort landscapes encourage a playful back- to-the-jungle escapism. Left: Bensley shows off showroom and guesthouse.This may be architectural. “We use my home and garden as an and antique artifacts—an experimental playground for the many resorts we are currently designing. Sometimes these reflect the country’s culture. traditionalThai-style pavilions.” Bensley’s preference is for lush. with photos by Bensley. as. by Singapore writer and architect Tan Hock Beng. with steep tiled roofs and paneled teak walls. he can test different effects of lighting and decoration. Indonesia. Tropical Paradise (Watson-Guptill Pub- lications. but most often takes the form of striking. shrubs. amounting to a personal signature. sometimes they are products of Bensley’s fertile imagination.Thai pavilion. Every morn- ing I climb out of the deep end of the pool and up through the dense foliage to a level about a meter above the water and dive in as gracefully as I can. describes these gardens as an effort “to create an environment of ambivalent qualities.A working rice field in the lower part forms its cen- tral feature. Other favorite features include fountains in the shape of crocodiles. and ground covers provides a rich resource for the particular effects he wants. managing to be very natural and yet somehow very contrived simultaneously. In the other. vines hang down from the top to simulate hair. Here.” he ming pool. pebble mosaic. palms “An essential component of any Bensley garden. house and garden seem much more spacious. with many of his projects. and the infinite variety of tropical trees. filled with an eclectic collection of art from all over the world his best specimen plants and surrounded by a dramatic garden of rare plants.” he explains. which is set off by swathes of ground covers and dense plantings that screen the Thai-style guest pavilions. too. even bizarre statuary and other art objects made by local craftsmen. and guests can enter from the back and slide down the tongue. Fun is high on the agenda. explains. Bensley keeps a close watch on its growth and comes regularly to make improvements. courtyard. swim- est passion is breeding frangipani (plumeria) in hopes of finding a new variety. thanks on a shady patio and to a layout that creates numerous intimate areas and a constant sense of surprise. complete with blue-clad farmers and a family of water buffaloes.” While Bensley has worked with a number of ar- chitects. especially the Thai-based Mathar Bunnag. huge stone baskets 46 . ity to change my garden is very important to me. is a strong element of whimsy. “Getting things to a closeup of an old door grow in the tropics is not a problem—you can throw a small branch on the ground knocker. Bensley enjoys the same hedonistic spirit in his own garden. He calls this an “ever-evolving gar- den. Baan Botanica serves Bensley as both a restful retreat for interludes in a busy trav. rich planting bor- of interest is the most important priority to me as a designer. an enormous stone head 6 meters high dominates the pool at a resort in Lombak.” der and weathered door. “I love the jump-off rock in my swimming pool. 2000). old entrance gate. his gardens have developed a distinctive style that is very much his own. and pots as focal points Though relatively small in total area. junglelike plant- ings set off by lawns or pebbled courtyards.

amounting to a personal signature. is a strong element of whimsy” .


on one of the Thai capital’s busiest streets. and mythological figures.Warren has lived in Thailand since 1960. “Getting things to grow in the tropics is not a problem—you throw a small branch on the ground. see www. antique painted terra-cotta jars. which rise by a collection of palms. often Balinese. command the entrance courtyard of the Four Seasons Resort. floating flowers. glowing lantern. William L. has terra-cotta figures and bas garden—view from the reliefs reminiscent of land. working as a writer and a university lecturer.The challenge is to create layer upon layer of interest” Above:The garden’s main border features an enor- mous urn rising from lux- uriant foliage and shaded of fruit. 2001). 49 . His sensual and imaginative after dark. as well as some of the Thai entries for The Oxford Companion to Gardens (Oxford University Press. Bensley’s voracious appetite for visual clues from the Asian cultures around him is balcony with a collection matched by his ability to reinvent and translate his admiration for them in a way that of birdcages. landscapes are on their way to becoming a cult experience in Southeast Asia.A rooftop garden at the Sheraton Grande Sukhumvit Left: Glimpses of the in Bangkok. unexpectedly out of luxuriant foliage. dining engages the interest of both Western and local audiences.tuttlepublishing. artificial caves and grottos. Besides Balinese Gardens and Thai Garden Style (Periplus Publishing. agave. 2004 and 2003. porch. he has also written The Tropical Garden and Trop- ical Plants for Home and Garden (Thames & Hudson. 2000 and 1997). antique carved horses. and next rainy season you have a tree.Towering stylized white elephants. inside the house. a symbol of Thai.

Right: The cool. Bhutan. Q Which plants do you use most? A Bromeliads. but of course this may change next month. I especially like the Pamplemousses botanical garden in Mauritius (we may renovate this gor- geous property). it’s the Valle de Mai in the Seychelles. landscape. or breadfruit. some of them very far away. tiled walkways around the Botswana. because he crossed so many professional lines [sculpture. a world of creativity Bill Bensley is most closely associated with gardens in Thailand and other places in Southeast Asia. see www. cryptanthus. hanging orchids and potted plants bring For more information and examples of Bill Bensley’s work. by gently billowing drapes. but the influences that have shaped his style come from many cultures. Q What parts of the world have inspired your work? Left: A table set for lunch A I am drawn to places where we can still see what the earth and past shaded by umbrellas. Q Favorite objects? A My father’s paintings and his own hand-made and designed wooden furniture. main house blur the line Q Can you recommend a “fantasy” resort? between inside and out— fierce sunlight is dappled A Mombo Camp in Botswana and Huka Lodge in New Zealand. My absolute favorite botanical garden has nothing to do with design. furniture. Q Are there any designers you look up to? A Isamu Noguchi. the only place in the world where the gigantic coco de mer. the hillside botanic gardens in Barcelona. grows naturally. Cambodia.bensley. because all of these come in strange and unusu- al forms and colors. the jungle close to home. interior design] and did everything so However. civilizations used to look like—such as Siem Reap. At the moment artocarpus. is my favorite tree because of the striking patterns of its large leaves. cacti and sedums. or double coconut. and Sissinghurst and Hever Castle in England. both full of inspiring ideas even though they are far from tropical. New Zealand and Patagonia. as revealed here: Q What are your favorite gardens? A Usually the last one I have visited. 50 .

51 .

He found his niche as a designer of modern outdoor spaces that are profoundly influenced by a feeling for nature. B Y J OA N N A F O RT N A M P H OTO G R A P H S B Y J E R RY H A R P U R 52 . Nordfjell moved from the study of ecology and biology to a stint as a ceramic artist and then to landscape architecture. and Ulf Nordfjell is one of Sweden’s foremost garden designers. But the answer is yes. WO R L D C L A S S D E S I G N ULF NORDFJELL NORDIC LIGHT Sweden is not the first place a garden designer would turn to for inspiration. of course—Sweden’s international reputation for creative design extends to contemporary garden- making. forested country that shares its northern latitudes with Iceland? Even in the south. Can there really be a rich gardening tradition in such a rugged. summer tem- peratures rarely rise above the 70s.

his cottage is painted the warm iron-oxide red of traditional rural buildings.From left: Ulf Nordfjell at his summer home. 53 . View from the garden across the Ore River. summer is fleeting and therefore doubly precious in this northern region. Agnas in northern Sweden.

outhern Sweden. “As I’ve gotten older I realize that this landscape influenced me a lot. Nordfjell now laughs at himself as the teenager who went to a local plant nursery and came home with two fescue grasses. has an aristocratic tradition of country manor houses. the more the concept of gardening dissipates into nature “managed” as a transition between the house and its surrounding countryside. All very different from the vivid exu- berance of the Mediterranean world and other hot climates. purple and white rather than red—the sense of place is tranquil and a little melancholy.The farther north you travel in Sweden. the rivers—there is something a little bit sacred about the Swedish landscape. a relatively uninhabited region of long. with French/Italian-influenced formal gardens of clipped hedges and flowerbeds near the house and estates modeled on the English land- scape park on the outer perimeters. marked by the intense struggle with an extreme climate. water and trees is characteristic of such cold-cli- mate “gardens”—and all of these streams meet in the work of Ulf Nordfjell. now 52.The farming community. but it was from watching her work in the flower bor- ders that his interest grew. water and the landscape has influenced many of its artists.” he says. grew up in northern Sweden. silence and glassy. “The dense forest. fertile and gently undulating. aque- ous light from a low sun that emphasizes blue. His mother took infinite care rais- ing vegetables in the short northern growing season (roughly from the middle of May until the first frost in late August).” Scandinavia’s atmospheric interplay of light. an impression of limitless space. cold. Long winters. Nordfjell.This was a bold choice long before ornamental grasses became fashionable and perhaps a sign of a designer in 54 . has no use for luxurious formal gardens—but there is a strong cottage tradition of growing vegetables and flowers. dry summers. moss. Ecological sensi- tivity to the nuances of rock. dark winters and short. Nordfjell was brought up to look after the garden.

Nordfjell is influenced by his Swedish aes- shapes and colors (boxwood thetic heritage. white-painted wooden fur- belies Nordfjell’s attention niture and airy interiors characterized by graceful symmetry. the making. I didn’t find beauty in ecological solutions. is also a favorite of Nordfjell’s—and another example of the way Swedish designers through the ages have taken international high de- sign and fused it with folk traditions in a way that dignifies both. The Gustavian style. Nordfjell still summers at the cottage in the village of Agnas. where his mother lived for 18 years. he aims to the scheme.This 18th-century aes- thetic was named for King Gustav III (1771-1792) who brought the style ofVersailles to Sweden. During his five years of study the Swedish Modern movement was an especially strong inspiration. 55 . but his first love and inspiration is the natural land- balls. pink nicotiana) organize scape. Rather than try simply to reproduce it in his work. pared-down gardens using the best local materials. Sure enough. using timber from their own pine trees. a legendary figure who was also much influenced by the British Arts and Crafts movement.” He took up ceramic art as a cre- ative outlet. “I was ultimately bored by science. Richly planted extract its elements: “I try to distill a feeling for the landscape into slopes down to the river and woodland plants under trees are intensive to maintain but a study of ecology underpins Nordfjell’s approach.This design quake of the ’50s fused traditional Swedish folk arts and crafts with the international Mod- ernist movement that was making its way around the globe in architecture and indus- trial design. fur- From left:The apparent soft- niture and interiors—evolved by a process of severe simplification into ness of this cottage garden a style of rural buildings painted rust red. But he says. at 16 he went on to design an outdoor living room in the fam- ily garden. Repetition of As a garden designer. She disseminated her own version of the “less-is- more” philosophy of simple. Nordfjell studied biology and ecology.The gardening scene of the time revolved around designer and writer Ulla Molin (who died in 1997). but then discovered landscape architecture.Today. still popular today. to structure. In school.The ornate French originals—architecture.

the latest book from Jerry Harpur (Mitchell Beazley. 256 pages. As for any garden designer.” he says. Again. From left: Wooden lighting columns covered in wisteria.The style is right for the site and the owner. platform for contemplation.The heavily planted slopes down to the rushing Ore River need intensive up- keep. every project sets up a demanding interplay between planting design and structure—and Nordfjell handles both very well. natural beauty and simpli- meets designed. but the characteristically “Swedish” aspect to his seating pondside where wild approach is that he emphasizes functionality. but the effect is naturalistic. Pond edges are kept soft the structure of the garden and do it in a naturalistic way. The new water garden and its pebble beach have helped make the garden feel more personal by bringing the scales of domestic and wild into balance. 56 . some recommended by Ulf Nordfjell. Contrast his summer cottage in northern Sweden. about $45). The richness and translucence of designed spaces such as these and their distinc- tively intense relationship with nature make Sweden a country well worth visiting to see refreshing ideas in garden design. for a list of starting points. He with pebbles. steel and timber. The gardens on these pages were photographed for Gardens in Perspective. with long views across the forested valley and beyond in- corporated into a rich horticultural tapestry. See “Swedish Gardens—Who Knew?”.Walkway and ite. firmly in the rural tradition of cot- tage gardening. ornamental uses Swedish materials. which speak the international language of gran- grasses and iris. a sheltered fication rather than high contrast (such as vivid colors or extreme forms). A modern water garden unites a not-so-modern house in southern Sweden with the wider landscape. long views are incorporated into the garden—Nordfjell opened up the dark forest to soften the line between the garden and the wild and bring the natural landscape closer to the house. The setting for the Farstorp estate in southern Sweden is just as spectacular—but the design approach here is more pared-down and structured. in which he showcases the work of some of the best contemporary garden designers in the world. page 59.

“There is something a little bit sacred about the Swedish landscape” 57 .

“I was bored by science—I did not find beauty in ecological solutions” 58 . has a wonderful organic kitchen is in Swedish only. appears to float across this pond. a major new public Wij Gardens at Ockelbo. known to gardeners as the father of taxonomy.hammarbysjostad.helsingborg. Läckö Slott. See www.wij. deep in the forests about 140 miles north of Stockholm. is better known in his native Sweden as Carl von Linné is gar- dened by Englishman Simon Irvine. His small country estate is also open to the public. See www. southern To see ideas in action. visit projects such as Hammarby to form a junction with the natural landscape beyond. See www. where whole areas of urban blight have Wij Gardens in Ockelbo. He creates a new. completely organic garden from scratch every year. See www. Sjöstad in Stockholm ( should be able to help. Here is a selection of gardens to visit. 59 .se. an orangery. In northwest Skåne. The Linnaeus Garden at Uppsala University is laid out according to Linnaeus’ own plan from 1745. See www. a library. has spectacular rhododendrons and holds a garden festival every but staff at the local tourist office ( Sofiero Castle and Garden near and Västra Hamnen Below: Nordfjell’s work at in Malmö (www.swedish gardens—who knew? It is generally agreed that June is the best time to see gardens in Sweden. has been stylishly restored and is now under the artistic direction of master florist Tage Andersen. the former home of the Swedish royal family.lackoslott. Norrviken’s Gardens.sofiero. Carl Linnaeus. been revitalized and planned around renewable energy. has a display garden by Nordfjell (pictured below right). See www. See www. A path space and More than 40 private gardens and allotments are open. The ambitious master plan for this sprawling site of a former paper Opposite. And the restaurant comes highly rec- ommended.linnaeus. Skåne. top: Granite and water are often united in mill includes wildflower meadows. Gunnebo House. See Info in English at www. a historical garden in Båstad. garden tours take place every June. The Web site www. also in Göteborg.uu.malmo. below: A Sustainable environmental design is not just a talking point in path wraps around a pond Sweden. a romantic baroque castle in western Sweden. with some recommendations from Ulf Nordfjell: Topping Nordfjell’s list is Göteborg Botanical Garden in Gothenburg (the rock garden is particularly good). or visit the main tourist site for the region: www. Opposite. among others. an exhibition Nordfjell’s

WO R L D C L A S S D E S I G N J AC Q U E S W I RT Z C O N T RO L L E D E X U B E R A N C E Belgian landscape architect JacquesWirtz has ushered the European classical landscape into the 21st century throughout northern Europe. Now he has left his mark on the NewWorld. with his first garden on the West Coast BY DONNA DORIAN P H OTO G R A P H S B Y S T E V E G U N T H E R & J E R RY H A R P U R 60 .

The Noortman garden in Belgium. C O U RT E S Y T H E A L N W I C K G A R D E N ( 2 ) 61 . both at Alnwick Castle.The ivy tunnel in the Poison Garden and the Great Cascade. U.. Opposite: Son Peter and father Jacques Wirtz in the Ornamental Garden at Alnwick Castle. U. clock- wise: Pruned hedges in a private garden in Belgium. in front of 500-year-old iron Venetian gates.K. From top left. Northum- berland.K.

Opposite: Stepped hedges. From top left. pleached trees and a formal water feature are combined. Wirtz created a sense of architecture in this Belgian garden by sculpting hedges into steps. At Alnwick. Pruned hedges assume abstract shapes in an Antwerp garden. . clockwise:The play of water repeats the lacy quality of fretwork gates at Alnwick. a pathway surrounded by a rill and beech hedging leads to a pool surrounded by narrowly upright oak trees.

The redesign briefly made landscape archi- tecture newsworthy. they have made three-dimensional artworks—mysterious and. Paris. It is as if these inheritors of the formal European tradition have simplified every- thing down to its essentials. which is showcased on pages 64-68. when the firm was awarded the prestigious French commission to redesign the Carrousel Garden in the Tuileries. Belgium. and the fertile and accom- C O U RT E S Y T H E A L N W I C K G A R D E N ( 2 ) plished tradition of Flemish plantsmanship. Other high-profile projects—recently including the firm’s de- sign of a garden at Alnwick Castle in Northumberland. where they won com- missions in New Jersey and Florida. and since their gardens are to be inhabited. Building on this complex history to import the new. JacquesWirtz and his sons Peter and Martin branched out to Japan and then to the United States. the family firm of Wirtz International has designed gardens throughout Europe. acting with nature. to 1990. the publication of TheWirtz Gardens. The Wirtzes have made landscape architecture into architecture. Likewise. 63 . con- densing at each site the long and complex traditions of landscape architecture to their most essential and elegant expressions. carving their boxwood and yew like stone. points to their influences: the formality of the Italian Renaissance. In 1998. the minimal refinement of the Japanese garden. rom their office in Schoten. has helped direct attention in the United States to their accomplishments. aristocratic idiom of landscape architecture into the 21st century. they also began work on their first West Coast garden. which continues like a leitmotif through their work. PatrickTaylor. author of TheWirtz Gardens. the first Wirtz-designed garden on American soil to appear in print. U. enduring.K. which they have honed through the mastery of their radically austere plant palette. But the Wirtzes’ first appearance on the international stage dates back further. a two- volume collection that features the prolific range of their private and public land- scapes.Years ago. where Capability Brown once played his hand—reaffirm the position of Wirtz International as one of the fore- most landscape architectural teams working in the modern classical style today. which they undermine and modernize with sudden asymmet- rical shifts. the Wirtzes have ushered the classical. they have populated their gardens with sculpture.. outside of Antwerp.

For her. pencil- thin Italian cypress that tower behind them are strong structural elements. bougainvillea trailing up the porch. 2004. the Wirtzes made the radical choice to sculpt golden bamboo (Phyllostachys aurea) into topiary rounds. who works in the field of architecture. For Royal Landscape. much of their usual repertoire of hornbeam. Elsewhere huge and healthy mounds of coast rosemary (Westringea fruticosa)—a rarely pruned shrub that is generally used in informal English-style California gardens—assumed the cloudlike hedge forms for which the Wirtzes are so well known. but also offers fresh possibilities for how these plants can be used in the California landscape. beech and yew could not thrive in Southern California. “I wanted everything to be very minimal.” with a row of London plane trees (Platanus x hispanica‘Bloodgood’). 64 . the hedges that gently undulate across her front-entrance drive and the tall. from so far away. the straight-edged hornbeam hedge. W I RT Z O N T H E W E S T C O A S T “It was a risk to ask someone from Belgium. “To me. the Wirtzes’ innovative use of plants not only suggests the international applicability of their landscape architecture. a splash of red Japanese maple at the side yard.” For the Wirtzes to transplant their talents to American soil had its challenges.” says the homeowner. see www. of course. photos by MarcoValdivia (Wirtz International. but the project is completely successful. whose predominately green garden enjoys cocktails of a limited color palette of red—with burgundy snap- dragons in the flowerbed. to design the garden. The Wirtz Gardens by Patrick Taylor. which is the greatWirtz way.Wirtz acknowledged local tradition and on three sides of the house ensured ample outdoor living spaces.wirtznv. surrounding one. Particularly limited by the inability to rely on yew. “I wanted to edit out and maintain a very satisfying quiet.” says this California-based homeowner.” ForWirtz International. call 818-591-3135.Throughout. It’s subtle and exciting. “the garden is like architecture in the yard.” she says. which Blodgett trained to resemble that solid European citizen. PeterWirtz transcribed a fascinating which he called an “object chamber. Elsewhere. But working closely with the Calabasas-based landscape contractor Michael Blodgett of Royal Landscape. To start with. $200).

Left: In his first California garden Peter Wirtz used Texas privet (Ligustrum japon- icum ‘Texanum’) to create a stand of trees against the back of the house. Here: Crisp blocks of Texas privet and little-leaf boxwood contrast with the ruffled canopies of London plane trees which will eventually form a tabletop hedge 8 feet above the ground. 65 .

includ- ing this porch and pergola covered with wisteria. 66 . Right: The front drive is lined with Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) and mounds of sheared coast rosemary (Westringea fruticosa). S T Y L E D B Y DA N Z E L E N Above:The house is sur- rounded by outdoor living spaces on three sides.

67 .

68 . where the backyard was designed around a 125-year-old live oak visible behind the bench. a row of London plane trees on the left is being trained along a frame and will soon be clipped into a tabletop canopy to mimic a European-style hornbeam hedge. Belgium. Above:Wirtz sculpted bamboo rounds in his first West Coast garden. Below: Italian cypress tower above hedges of Texas privet. Right:A dovecote accents an ancient fruit orchard in Bellum.

Today. just miles away from Schoten where Jacques Wirtz makes his home. for example. Take. Finally. was to me among the most beautiful small hotels in the world. it surrounded an inner courtyard where Wirtz centered his garden around an ancient ginkgo tree. for example. The scene is the lyric of a young poet singing of spring and timelessness in perfect pitch. Even at his own house.C U RT I C E TAY L O R the poetry of small spaces Hotel de Rosier. this private residence in Bellum. pictured above. wedged in the heart of Antwerp. Belgian and Dutch aristocrats at which he made his name. Even the young Jacques Wirtz knew to weave the past into the present. But the intimate courtyard at the Hotel de Rosier taught me to look behind the hedges of the Wirtz garden. be it his Carrousel Garden in the Paris Tuileries or his many garden designs for the castles of French. the name Jacques Wirtz conjures up images of grandeur. Here he planted a community of statuesque yews and wove them into the landscape with the remains of an old fruit orchard whose rows conclude at an ancient dovecote. Built centuries ago as a nunnery. Belgium. a secret garden is tucked away behind the hornbeam hedges. it is Wirtz’s intimacy with history that is profound. —D D 69 . made so in part because I entered a Wirtz garden here for the first time.

while natural-looking. Dutchman Piet Oudolf talks of evoking the mood of wild landscapes. CLIVE NICHOLS WO R L D C L A S S D E S I G N PIET OUDOLF D E S I G N I N G B Y N AT U R E At the forefront of the New Perennials movement. his work is highly designed and based on a painstaking selection of plants BY TIM RICHARDSON P H OTO G R A P H S B Y M A R I A N N E M A J E R U S & J E R RY H A R P U R 70 . But.

U. Private garden with grass in fall (Deschampsia cespitosa ‘Goldtau’).K. 71 . eastern Netherlands. Anja. Oudolf’s own garden in Hummelo. Skyline from the Lurie Garden. Chicago.Top left.Opposite: Piet Oudolf and his wife. clock- wise: Seats engulfed by blue catmint at Scampston Hall. Millennium Park.

where he has legions of admirers. 72 .. Opposite: Oudolf has brought exuberant prairie-style planting to public spaces—like this pink Echinacea purpurea ‘Rubinglow’ mingling with a haze of grasses (Panicum virgatum ‘Strictum’) and the tiny daisylike flowers of an aster.K. one of Oudolf’s projects in the U. Above:The fountain pool at the center of the Perennial Meadow is echoed by a large oval bed beyond. This page: Scampston Hall walled garden in North Yorkshire. Below left:The restored conservatory is just visible above a backlit border. Below right: Echinacea is a favorite American native.

near Arnhem in the eastern Netherlands. He has been feted in England for at least the past decade with high-profile projects such as the Millennium Garden at Pensthorpe nature reserve. France.Wolfgang Oehme and James van Sweden.n international profile is a rare thing among even the most accomplished garden designers. His work can be seen in The Battery in NewYork City. Sweden. His main influences were Karl Foerster. For the Lurie Garden in Millennium Park in Chicago. and since then it has inspired numerous disciples in Holland.At his own garden at Humme- lo. Oudolf created a wild-seeming field of perennials and grasses woven in shifting tones of a delicacy that belies the har- diness of the plants. What is revolutionary about Oudolf’s approach is the way he claims to disregard color entirely when planning borders.Yorkshire. and Mien Ruys. It is intriguing to see how the road has forked. He has also been hired to contribute to the conversion of the High Line railway into an aerial park in NewYork. One of the best examples of his work in Europe is the Dromparken in Enkoping. “The form and structure of plants is more in- 73 . So what is it that makes this designer so hot? Oudolf. more clean-lined and less horticulturally complex. started his gardening career at age 25..C. Now American designers have noted his skills. have brought exposure to similar planting ideals. after deciding against going into the family restaurant business. but plantsman Piet Oudolf (pronounced Pete OW-dolf) has gained just that as the leader of the New Perennials movement in planting design. a big blond Dutchman. over the past 30 years. Oudolf developed a planting style that is whol- ly dependent on the structure and form of artfully clipped hedges and perennial plants. the Dutchwoman who blended planting skill with innovative modernist design ideas. a long double border at the Royal Horticultural Soci- ety’s garden atWisley. based in Washington. par- ticularly grasses. D. and more recently a new extravaganza at Scampston Hall. By the mid-1990s the style had been given the “New Perennials” tag. PlantsmanWolfgang Oehme comes from a postwar European planting tradition similar to Oudolf’s. However. Sweden and Britain. where a once-dank and uninviting municipal landscape of London plane trees has been opened up and a ground tapestry of shade-loving perennials added. The New Perennials concept is relatively new in the United States. but his work is tauter. It seems that this is just the beginning. who pio- neered the naturalistic look in Germany’s public parks. Germany. who have built up one of the most successful garden-design practices in the country.

74 .

. like- wise. has the wide-open spaces that allow Oudolf’s rhythmic plant masses to make a big impact. “If you want to create plantings that evoke nature and provide a long-lasting season of interest. on left. echinacea and sedums.K. particularly in late summer when the grasses take on autumnal tones. is a staple. Joe Pye weed. then you should concentrate on learning about plant form and think of color as only an exciting extra” Pensthorpe Nature Reserve in Norfolk. 75 . U.

“Flower color is with us for a relatively short season. approx. echinacea. so Oudolf creates rep- etition and rhythm by using groups of daisy forms (rudbeckias. and gardeners should be paying it more attention. If you want to create plantings that evoke nature and provide a long-lasting season of interest.There are concerns that the look will not work on a small scale. miscanthus and molinia. Dead plants are left in situ. and this can make even a public garden seem somehow intimate and personal. Painterly color theming. it has to be said that a significant proportion remain unimpressed.” In this view. in the Gertrude Jekyll tradition. verbascum.That is the key to Oudolf’s appeal for architects and urban planners:The soft organic shapes of the plant-dominated garden. all the internation- al interest would indicate that there is a healthy future for Piet Oudolf and New Peren- nials:The burgeoning. However. that the planting palette is limited.The problem for Oudolf is that he is trying to shift an entrenched aesthetic perspective. It is the shape of the plant that matters. eupatorium and achillea. there is no such thing as a “wrong” or bad-taste color combination. While large numbers of gardeners are enthusiastic about New Perennials. 208 pages.” he ar- gues. Tim Richardson is an independent garden and landscape critic and author of English Gardens in the Twentieth Century (Aurum Press. can—it is felt—both complement buildings without challenging them aesthetically. inulas) or flat-capped flower clusters such as sedum. Now all of this is heresy to the English gardening tradition and its devotees around the world. compared with the shape of the plant—with perennials from spring until winter. then you should con- centrate on learning about plant form and think of color only as an exciting extra. $80). 2005. angelica. but also to revel in the various brown tones of dead leaves. and create a place the public can take to their hearts. But for Oudolf. that dead plants are dispiriting. has been the bedrock for classical gardening through the 20th century. swaying masses of plants seem to envelop visitors as they move through the space. and that it only works in late summer. 76 . persicaria and salvias or the fluffy plumes of filipendula and thalictrum. and Oudolf encourages gardeners not only to appreciate the charms of seed heads (which is easy enough). as opposed to the clean lines of Mod- ernistic landscapes. trinsic to them than color. asters. there is more than enough interest in swaying drifts of grasses such as stipa. offset by sculp- tural notes from the spires of digitalis.

com. and www. from early and late in Perennials movement in the USA include the work Oudolf’s career: Bury Court. van Sweden. Below: Oudolf has native perennials around the Federal Reserve building been known to say “Dying in in Washington. was a breakthrough in the design an interesting way is just as important as (planting at Battery Park is shown above). 2005. Visit www.thebattery. Owner Neil Diboll worked with Piet Oudolf on selecting plants for the Lurie Garden. The the globular seed heads of partnership went on to redefine private landscapes Eryngium yuccifolium mingled with red Sedum telephium in the same style. Yorkshire. of and www. see www. www. $34.K. subsequently dubbed The New ‘Matrona’ prove his point. In the United Kingdom.prairienursery. Millennium Park in Chicago. D. www. Oudolf has written several books that explain his approach to planting Opposite and above:Two Other landmarks in the history of the New walled gardens in the onward new perennials For information on visiting days at Piet Oudolf ’s nursery and garden at Hummelo.95).millenniumpark. see www. American Garden. with Noel Kingsbury (Timber Press.the highline. near Arnhem in Holland. The most recent is Planting Design: Gardens in Time and Space. 77 .” and here of public landscapes that made the OvS name.” Prairie Nursery in Wisconsin is a specialist nursery closely identified with the New Perennials style. a look that James van Sweden has defined as “a metaphor for a meadow. and Scampston Their massed grasses and Surrey. For Oudolf ’s work in public parks visit the following Web sites for information: in the USA. October is a good time of year to see the grasses at their best.


PINE BLUFF. Shredded and can also be used for mulch around J E R RY PAV I A dinary latex paint diluted to about one-fourth leaves are an excellent mulch—attractive. prune their trees every few years to keep them a manageable size. we inherited a large orange tree. Shredded leaves direct sun. which can be seri- ously damaged if exposed to direct sun for even an hour or so. And remove overcrowd. OXNARD. relatively weed-free and rich in plant nutri- Gardening is a matter of your enthusiasm holding up until your back gets used to it — A U T H O R UNKNOWN GARDEN DESIGN 79 . damaged or rub. pile them somewhere out cuts will expose remaining branches to to sprout through in spring. Start by working grow its bounds or to get too tall for you I’m wondering what’s the best way to use all around the edge in a circle. CA A The most common pruning advice you will hear about orange trees. I’ve heard that by themselves leaves shredded leaves toward the center.the leaves.Their foliage protects the bark from sunlight. Citrus trees left to themselves form large shrublike mounds of branches draping down close to ground level.The solution is of the way to decompose. spread the A The problem with autumn leaves as a them as a mulch about 2 inches thick work over several years.ily with a rotary lawn mower. the volume of leaves will branches that are dead. especially with an older tree. it’s probably too conservative for most garden- ers. If you have The season for pruning citrus is winter. Rake or blow the leaves into large piles a picnic table. But pruning citrus properly is very dif- ferent from pruning apples. QThere are some big trees in my yard. then run over them feel free to cut it back if it starts to out.sage advice H O RT Q & A W I T H J A C K R U T T L E A H O W. be ready to protect them imme. that makes nice shade for enough to provide shade. peaches. mulch is they can mat together when wet. you’ve finished. If any of your for bulbs. If you think a lot of Rake up the shredded leaves and apply the tree needs to be removed. AR be reduced by about half. and I have no idea about the best way or time to prune it. bing against neighbors. are an excellent addition to compost piles diately with a coating of white paint. which improves soil shred them. decomposing slowly and making it difficult more than you need for your shrub and when the sun is less intense. And though that’s a safe option. is that they need none at all.—WALTER REYNOLDS.—JULIE REIS. Prun- ing cuts that leave branch- Above: Prune citrus es exposed to the sun can trees carefully to main- be very damaging.That will protect the ents—and shredding helps them break down optimum season for night into something bark until new growth extends faster. or any sort of citrus for that matter. pruning is winter. Com- mercial growers.When ed growth inside the canopy of the tree— are not a good mulch. The your orange tree over. after all. But do about 4 inches deep. directing the to pick the fruit. perennials and desirable seedlings perennial beds. strength. which you can do fairly eas. among shrubs or perennials. and with a lawn mower. pears and other temperate fruits. Use or.TO G U I D E F O R G RO W I N G A N D O U T D O O R L I V I N G Orange Aid Q Along with our new home. tain good health and So don’t try to turn a manageable size.

hoyas are epi. So use a well-drained soil mix son for covering with repellent any prized that is fairly high in peat. growing in pockets of litter on cliff er fed on one kind of plant. you liable deterrent). bloomed. Deer-Off. begin blooming this spring There are lots of commercial deer re- or summer. don’t trim right after you apply them. Q The deer here have become so numerous that Don’t try to collect the leaves they’ve just about taken the fun out of garden- with a bagging attachment on your ing. your plant may include the first perennials to emerge. Since the flowers drop.They may not have er. infallible. When the deer become nu- ment designed to blow the leaves merous and exhaust supplies of their fa- from the mower into a large trail. Deer tend to return to feed on plants carnosa is well-adapted to conditions indoors In their native Southeast Asia. BURLINGTON. and feed lightly from spring In winter as wild foods become scarce. If especially if you can’t build a very tall you have a really large lawn to fence (though deer fencing is a very re- clean and a ride-on mower. worth waiting for. Spray the plants night-scented flowers it into flower? —JOSETTE RAND. Don’t cut off the autumn leaves for mulch. treated with repellents. ly when they get plenty of bright light. Below left: heavily along their established a sunny window for two years. NC spare time. tender the water. so you’ll have to stop A Sprayable repellents can be effective. But just because they have nev- but is a plant that’s notoriously slow to phytes. OK or trellis. doesn’t need to be treated work of shredding move it lower for more year round. Does it need perhaps less sun to bring them around a wire frame the seasons. Deer forage most Q I’ve had a variegated hoya vine growing in light. vorite foods. plants you have—so deer don’t have a Water the plants regularly chance to learn to like them. move on quickly. Bobbex. In summer they are browsing along those of Hoya carnosa are move the plant outside paths and any around them to A If anything. ENID. Any winter and also cut back on plants with evergreen foliage. Hoyas bloom most prolifical. but never let the stems or fat buds are targets.Are any of the liquid deer repellents worth mower unless you have lots of the bother?—ALICE NYE. they will eat even things er towed behind the machine. they tend to rebloom dependably. But the sprays are not might want to consider an attach. to grow into. it is a good idea to several seasons. Once hoyas start to flower. but the smell off the stubby stalk when quickly fades. the growing conditions are Deer Out.They all have a strong smell when it does. In spring be sure to also more sun. encourage the animals to sun. wherever they find a bit of organic matter discovered it yet. INGERSOLL .This is another good rea- If the plant is growing high in the window. at least to our noses. the long vines root that it is deer-resistant. with repellent anytime temperatures get With luck and a bit above freezing. Repellex and Liquid Fence are right. and the eral inches beyond the last Above: A rotary shredded leaves make about the treatment.The entire garden mower makes short best mulch you can get. instead wrap paths. Hoya ommend keeping plants slightly potbound. And and by mail. waxy. 80 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 Every vine climbing and blossoming tells of love and joy — R O B E R T G. ROT H . Stop feeding in deer will forage closer to your home. into fall. howev. faces and on large trees. A N D R E A J O N E S two to strut its stuff. not less. switch brands of spray from time to time. don’t lose hope if the a few that are purported to be effective plant takes another year or and are widely available in garden centers S U S A N A . the spur deer become acclimated to most of our at- will bloom repeatedly for tempts to deter them. and it has never long shoots. Hoya aficionados rec. Apply these soil get bone dry. don’t assume flower. which may change with The star-shaped. sage advice annuals and vegetables next spring. But even if all pellents out there. Dealing with autumn leaves in Deer repellents can be expensive and this way is well worth the effort. and empty it every few minutes.they like. it likely needs a little more into bright filtered light. need to be reapplied after heavy rains and A timely leaf cleanup is essential after new growth extends sev- for the health of your lawn.The leaves will quick- ly fill the bag.

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notorious rainy weather—hidden details in. sedums and butterbur (Petasites japonicus var. I knew exactly the shape I wanted. a large drain diverts water away into the main lines. View from the house. a fieldstone re- clude a creek-bed path to ease runoff—but taining wall which faces the house.— J OA N N A F O RT N A M See www.” Norris explains. as he discov.This unfussy a sense of structure to it. yet have corner and a spa on the other.” he says. sage advice A N ATO M Y L E S S O N Come Rain or Shine WHEN RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECT ROBERT NOR. a garden is so tranquil. with a horizontal backyard (90 by 86 feet). not an easy task. Norris gave it some slot continuously spilling a shining band of special details. ferns. gles. grasses. rustic style. organization helps establish the sense of un- The design had to provide for Atlanta’s forced calm that defines the whole space. but The site slopes up quite steeply from the house. gigan- teus‘Nishiki-buki’) were planted among the pebbles to ensure that the alley of stones blends as naturally as possible with the rest of the garden. The symmetry of the rectangular pool er with a good flow from inside to out. flagstones and yellow hakonechloa grass make a study in green.“In designing the pool. At the bottom of this rustic path. the back retaining wall of the swimming pool doubles as a water feature. The back of the pool. water into the pool. also func- the swimming pool is the social heart of the tions as a water feature. so to ease a runoff problem a trench lined with landscape cloth and filled with a layer of sand was installed beneath a trail of stepping stones. I had a few strug. he was determined that other crazy idea. the house and garden would work togeth.spitzmillerandnorris. “I is offset by elegant steps notched out of one wanted the garden to feel natural. “The sound of water in ered.This allows water to drain away quickly under the surface.” says Norris. 82 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 The sound of the water says what I think — C H U A N G TZU . RAINY DAY IN GEORGIA From top. Foliage plants such as quiet seating corner hidden from sight—moss. many of the pool companies wanted to ris of Atlanta tackled his house renovation change it into either a kidney shape or some seven years ago. left to right: A path with drainage beneath the stepping stones helps with wa- ter runoff and suits the relaxed.

RECEDING DETAILS ANCHORED DESIGN SPOT INTEREST NATURE WALK A low-key paving palette The slightly offset symmetry Containers are grouped In the farther reaches of the creates a functional. cryp- LEE ANNE WHITE (4) of evergreen trees. relying on the background. est. some exotics such as agaves nolias for year-round inter- dominate the scene. hydrangeas and mag- shrubs and containers to with a too-rigid formality. Norris blends struc- hardscape that recedes into helps tie house and garden size the symmetry and add ture into nature. for their striking forms. flowering whelming the small space uses mainly evergreens and tomeria. elegant of the pool steps and spa around the pool to empha. leaving layers together without over. A concealed path runs around the back of the pool. garden. fresh every minute — A N N I E DILLARD GARDEN DESIGN 83 . The creeks…are an active mystery. interest—Robert Norris dogwoods. maples.

smithand hawken. www. 734-995-1486. BY DONNA DORIAN P H OTO G R A P H S B Y A N D R E B A R A N OW S K I both from Atlock Farm. 800- 910-295-2717. 212-988-1486.oldhouse gardens. Untie the ribbons — R U T H ANN SCHABACKER . seedsavers. Tile-pattern bird- house: $225 from Architectural Editions. Plants: Mistletoe fig (Ficus deltoidea): $45. hyacinth and tulip bulbs: from Old House Gardens. Daffodil. Wirework terrace planter: $360 from BlueGreen Trading. staghorn fern (on trellis): $250. www. Landreth Seed Company. www. sage advice SHOPPING Gifts for Gardeners Gift suggestions for four very different types of gardener and the perfect living “tree” for each THE DIRT GARDENER O N TA B L E .com. 84 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 Each day comes bearing its own gifts.75 to $5 per packet from D.50 per pack from Seed Savers Exchange. www. 800-981-9888. Pot Belly watering can: $39 from Smith & Tools: $24 each from Shop in the Garden at The New York Botanical Garden. F RO M L E F T TO R I G H T: Taylor Bowlderole: $175 from MacKenzie-Childs. Heirloom seeds: $1. www. www. Heritage vegetable seeds: $2. www. www. Small round wire trellis: $555 from Marston & Langinger. architecturaleditions.marston-and-langinger. Path lights (in planter): $55 each from H Groome. 732-356-3373. www.

99 from BroCars. Plynyl shag indoor/outdoor mat in fuchsia/orange stripe: $140 for 36. 212-965-0302. If all the year were playing holidays…nothing would pleaseth but rare accidents — W I L L I A M SHAKESPEARE GARDEN DESIGN 85 . Watering can: $ 60-inch or 800-966-1496. New Pot 70 planter: $240 from Design Within Reach. Black Links coffee service: $50 for set from notNeutral.dwr. EDGY GARDENER F RO M L E F T TO R I G H T: Botanica by Howard Schatz: $60 from Bulfinch Press. www. Tablo table and tray: $139 from Design House Stockholm.riedizioni. Multifringe rain hat: $90 by Luisa Cevese Riedizioni.bulfinch 800-270-6511. www. 800-944-2233 or in New York City. www. 212-219-2217. www.b2b.monrovia. www. Red-leaved banana: $50 to $60 from www. 214-824-0228.designhousestockholm. Lumina South Beach Swirls tray: $130 from Liora Manné www. www.velocityartanddesign. through or www. Filikudi Kosovsky Color chair: $1.600 from Dare Deco.chilewich. see www. 813-239-9140.

512-451-5490.cricketforge. to know what a person wants…to give it lovingly and well — P A M E L A GLENCONNER . Eloise bench: $ from Laura Spector Rustic Design. www.99 from Schubert Nursery. from Gardens. Handmade tiles: $42 each by Art Department. from Manor Home & Gifts. 866-406-2667. 800-410-7111. 203-254-3952. Large butterfly garden stake: $90 for 17-inch size. both from Atlock Farm.lauraspectorrusticdesign. child-size coleus topiary: $40. Tall standard terrachino planter: $82 from Eye of the Day Garden Design Center. Pink-flowered mandevilla: $75. www.manorhg.eyeofthedaygdc. Green Fritillaria teacups and saucers: $79 each by Mustardseed & Moonshine. from Cricket Forge. 805-566-0778. www. Orange slice and sunflower edible birdhouses: $39 each from Bottomland Naturals. www. 86 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 Giving presents is a talent. sage advice THE YOUNG GARDENER F RO M L E F T TO R I G H T: Oasis Gardenshapes frog: Suggested retail $89.schubertnursery. 732-356-3373. 919-680-3513. www.

856-931-7011. 973-467-8266. www. www. www.95 from Signals. 800-669-9696.marston-and-langinger. but a ritual of reassurance — P H I L I P ANDREW ADAMS GARDEN DESIGN 87 .sinapearson. Provence green glass waterer: $ www. accentsoffrance. Standard coleus topiary: $45. SOCIALITE GARDENER Wrought-iron herons: F RO M L E F T TO R I G H T: $148 each. www.signals. Planter: $436 for 15-inch size from Accents of France. To many people holidays are not voyages of discovery. nybgshop inthegarden.carrolboyes. www. Waterette: $926 from Janus et Cie. Fork and trowel set: $30 by Carrol 212-965- 0434. Small Gothic wire trellis: $555 from Marston & Langinger. from Atlock Farm. 212-334-3556. www. 212-366-1146. www. Terra- cotta fruit basket: $350 from Seibert & Winter Seasons plaque: $350 from Veranda Stripe outdoor fabric: $58 a yard from Sina Pearson Textiles. from Shop in the Garden at New York Botanical Garden. com. 732-356-3373.


your free color catalog today! www. Jung Seed Co. G A R D E N D E S I G N M A G .gardendesignmag. Request Garden Design’s Green Market or visit Fax: 830-990-8090. Phone: 800-848-0078. Randolph. decorating or maintaining Grow your own wildflower wonderland with seeds Specialists in growing and shipping fine perennials for the garden grasses.paradisewatergardens. perennials.W. and vice while keeping prices low. C O M 89 .jungseed. PO Box 245. certificates and pre-planned gardens also FAMILY OWNED AND OPERATED FOR ALMOST 100 YEARS Request our Spring 2006 Seed & Nursery Catalog PARADISE WATER GARDENS today and we’ll send you our Spring and Fall 2006 Send for our 90 page Free Catalog and Guide to catalogs – Both Free! Jung’s full color catalog offers Water Gardening. and hardscape and is sure to inspire 80 varieties of wildflower seeds and regional mixes shrubs.wildseedfarms. WI 53956 or request at W W W. We are committed to give excellent customer ser. Free Wildflower Seed over 34 years! Our family business offers over 1000 vides access to the best in softscape. Order your free cat- alog today. Call 1-800-955-0161 for Free a complete selection of superior quality plants. Known for our outstanding customer service and the ers today and mention that you saw them in www. THE GREEN MARKET S P E C I A L A D V E RT I S I N G S E C T I O N THE GREEN MARKET A complete resource to unique products. Exotic garden varieties. catalog. Website: www. services and information for the discerning exterior designer WILDSEED FARMS BLUESTONE PERENNIALS Whether Contact these advertis- herb seeds and grass seeds also featured. Email: pstetson@paradisewatergardens. evergreens. this shopper’s guide pro- direct from the grower. Send request to J. best searchable plant database on the web. shrubs. Gift creative solutions for well-designed landscapes for every region of the nation. and outdoor rooms. plus information on care and growing. ground covers and scape. seeds. green- Catalog and Reference Guide which features over varieties including herbs.


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enchanted domain where Duquette combined fragments from old Hollywood hotels. From the book Los Angeles. a “modern Shangri-La” in Malibu. set and costume designer of genius who won a Tony Award for his work on Camelot. PhotographerTim Street-Porter befriended Duquette in the early nineties and documented a period in the evolution of this hal- lucinatory. Like all the best dream worlds. photos by Tim Street-Porter. lining its paths with discount-store potted plants. 240 pages). film sets and industrial salvage to make a vast outdoor stage. California.P O RT E R 96 N OV E M B E R / D E C E M B E R 2005 To accomplish great things. details Way Out West Sortilegium. was built byTony Duquette (1914-1999).—J F T I M S T R E E T. 2005. a stage. introduction by Diane Keaton (Rizzoli NewYork. Sortilegium is now just a memory—it was destroyed by fire in 1993. we must dream as well as act — A N A T O L E FRANCE .

Charles Birnbaum. . If you would like to nominate a garden or learn more lic’s awareness of the important legacy of our cultural about Landslide 2006. is the only not-for-profit a red flag for the whole country to see. consult www. landscapes and to helping save them for the future.tclf. Landslide has focused on “work- saving for future generations to study and take inspiration from? ing landscapes” and “designed landscapes.“So many gardens are azine are teaming up to call for nominations for the 2006 Land.TCLF founder.” foundation in America dedicated to increasing the pub. in fact nationally significant treasures. both private threatened by a mall’s expansion? Or any really special garden worth and public. That’s where Landslide comes to the rescue and raises TCLF. (In previous years. established in 1998. T E A M I N G U P T O S AV E A M E R I C A ’ S GARDEN HERITAGE Do you know of a culturally significant garden at risk? Garden Design and The Cultural Landscape Foundation call for nominations for LANDSLIDE 2006 Do you know of a Modernist garden in the path of progress? slide is a five-year-old program that next year will earmark and Or a landscape from the era of the grand country places that is celebrate our most significant threatened gardens. but are not widely under- slide program—which will bring attention to our diverse and stood and are therefore susceptible to inappropriate change. Deadline for applications is January says. irreplaceable garden and horticulture heritage. Land.”) The Cultural Landscape Foundation and Garden Design mag. 2006.