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• KANO MODEL •

What is the customer satisfaction
model? Description

The customer satisfaction model from N.
Kano is a quality management and
marketing technique that can be used for
measuring client happiness.

Kano's model of customer satisfaction
distinguishes six categories of quality
attributes, from which the first three
actually influence customer satisfaction:

1. Basic Factors. (Dissatisfiers.
Must have.) - The minimum
requirements which will cause
dissatisfaction if they are not
fulfilled, but do not cause
customer satisfaction if they are
fulfilled (or are exceeded). The
customer regards these as prerequisites and takes these for granted. Basic factors
establish a market entry 'threshold'.
2. Excitement Factors. (Satisfiers. Attractive.) - The factors that increase customer
satisfaction if delivered but do not cause dissatisfaction if they are not delivered. These
factors surprise the customer and generate 'delight'. Using these factors, a company can
really distinguish itself from its competitors in a positive way.
3. Performance Factors. The factors that cause satisfaction if the performance is high, and
they cause dissatisfaction if the performance is low. Here, the attribute performance-
overall satisfaction is linear and symmetric. Typically these factors are directly connected
to customers' explicit needs and desires and a company should try to be competitive here.

Reverse attributes. (1984) Attractive quality and must-be quality. 1. 14.com/i_m. Questionable attributes. Hinshitsu (Quality. SERAKU.The additional three attributes which Kano mentions are: 4.html http://www. pp. The reverse of this product feature was expected by the customer. 6.12manage. It is unclear whether this attribute is expected by the customer. By combining the answers all attributes can be classified into the six factors. 39-48. http://www.html Marketing models and theories are available in this link. 5. F. November-December 2004) whether Kano's model on customer satisfaction factors is also relevant to describe employee satisfaction. History The approach towards analyzing customer satisfaction was first published in an article by KANO. Process Kano developed a questionnaire to identify the basic. Since employees can be perceived as internal customers. Usage of the customer satisfaction model. Steps in the customer satisfaction model. performance and excitement factors as well as the other three additional factors. 3. Applications Besides the obvious quality management and marketing usage. . TAKAHASHI. N. S. The customer does not care about this feature. Kurt Matzler. N. the Journal of Japanese Society for Quality Control).12manage. Matthias Fuchs and Astrid Schubert wonder in their article "Employee Satisfaction: Does Kano's Model Apply?" (Total Quality Management & Business Excellence. & TSUJI. 4. For each product feature a pair of questions is formulated to which the customer can answer in one of five different ways. They reach the conclusion that Kano's theory is indeed useable for internal customers analysis as well. The second question concerns the reaction of the customer if the product does NOT show this feature (dysfunctional question). The first question concerns the reaction of the customer if the product shows that feature (functional question).. Indifferent attributes. Origin of the customer satisfaction model. 2.com/%5Cmethods_kano_customer_satisfaction_model.