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Chapter – 1

AutoCAD

Introduction
AutoCAD is a commercial software application for 2D and 3D computer-aided design (CAD) and drafting
— available since 1982 as a desktop application and since 2010 as a mobile web- and cloud-based app
marketed as AutoCAD 360.
Developed and marketed by Autodesk, Inc., AutoCAD was first released in December 1982, running on
microcomputers with internal graphics controllers. Prior to the introduction of AutoCAD, most commercial
CAD programs ran on mainframe computers or minicomputers, with each CAD operator (user) working at
a separate graphics terminal. AutoCAD is used across a wide range of industries, by architects, project
managers, engineers, graphic designers, and other professionals. It is supported by 750 training
us CAD program worldwide. As of 2014, AutoCAD is in its twenty-ninth generation, and collectively with
all its variants, continues to be the most widely centers worldwide as of 1994.
As Autodesk's flagship product, by March 1986 AutoCAD had become the most ubiquitous CAD program
throughout most of the world.

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Chapter – 2
Basic Drawing Commands
Line: - four methods of specify points

(A) Absolute Coordinate Method:-

Formula - *(Value of x, value of y)

All the coordinate of the point will calculate from (0, 0) or start point.

(B) Relative Coordinate Method:-

Formula :-*( @ value of x, value of y)

(C) Polar Coordinate Method:-

Formula: - (@ length of line < Angle)

D) (Direct distance method:-

(1) L

(2) Specify Start Point

(3) Give Direction & Distance

Ortho should be ON & direction will be give with the help


of mouse.

Ortho on/off key:-F8

Undo: - Go For the Last Step

U / Ctrl+Z

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Chapter – 3
Drafting Settings

3.1 Tools of Draft Setting:-

AutoCAD has some drawing aids which can help you to draw different drawings. These are placed in status
bar. These buttons are help you to draw horizontal & vertical lines; to show different snap Points, Grids,
Polar tracking, Line Weight, they also allowed dynamics entries etc.

AutoCAD decided to turn the ―Drafting Settings Buttons‖ at the bottom of the screen from words into
―Icons‖. I‘m sure they did this to free up some space in the status bar, if you don‘t understand these icons.

Rights click any of these ―icons‖ and uncheck ―Use Icons‖. (As seen below)

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Line Weight Type :-

(A) Select object


(B) Go to line type window
(C) Select line type weight
(D) ESC

NOTE: - Press LWT for Show / Hide Line Weight Type

LINE TYPE SEALE:-

(1) LTS
(2) Ratio value

To solve line view problem.

MATCH PROPERTY:-

(1) MA
(2) Select Source Obj.
(3) Select Destination Obj.

CHANGE PROPERTY:-

(1) CH / MO / Obj. Double click


(2) Change property.

LAYER: -

The LAYER command allows you to create multiple layers to draw on. It also allows you to control
the color, line type, activity, and visibility of individual layers.

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Chapter-6
Same Training project make in AutoCAD

Fig.-1 2bhk Flats

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Fig.-2 Details of pipe Wise
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Fig.-3 Details of Plummer block
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Fig.-4 detail drawing of screw jack
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Fig.-5 Assembly Drawing

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Fig.-6 isometric drawing

Fig.-7 same mechanical parts

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Fig.8 a Spanner

Fig.-9 a mechanical part

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Fig.-10 3D pulley gear

Fig.-11 3D Nut Bolt

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Chapter-7

The Advantages of AutoCAD Electrical


The most rational choice for your electrical design needs could probably be AutoCAD Electrical
Here, you’ll find out why many bold claims such as this one, can be read on different online CAD software
reviews. AutoCAD Electrical is Autodesk software specially made for Electrical, Instrumentation and Control
System Designers. Its main purpose is to create and modify electrical control systems. Pre-programmed tasks
and comprehensive symbol libraries promote design automation, better productivity, reduced errors, and more
accurate information for your project designs.

Since AutoCAD Electrical is software which is specially designed to electrical control designers, it has built-in
features and benefits that will let the users to intensely increase the efficiency during the project’s design phase
while maintaining a smooth integration with the conventional AutoCAD environment. Based on a study, it was
revealed that an increase in productivity of up to 80% can be achieved by shifting from AutoCAD to AutoCAD
Electrical. AutoCAD Electrical helps manufacturers to market their products, consultants to finish their designs,
and contractors to build the projects, ahead of time.

The generic CAD software tools being used by design engineers for their electrical controls design make them
more prone to errors and design discrepancies. A software’s ability to eliminate errors before they even reach the
fabrication floor can definitely be a significant advantage. AutoCAD Electrical includes automatic electrical-
auditing capabilities that help designers to perform real-time analytics to identify problems before the project’s
construction phase.

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