You are on page 1of 37

Adoption of Energy Conservation

Andhra Pradesh government has made energy conservation measures compulsory


for new buildings that come ups in the state from this year 2014.

All commercial buildings and other Non-Residential Buildings that have a plot
area of more than 1000 Square Meters or built up area of 2000 Square Meters and
certain categories of buildings such as Multiplexes, Hospitals, Hotels, and
Convention Centres irrespective of their built up area shall comply with the APECB
Code that will come up in the state.

The Code is mandatory for all new buildings, to comply with AP* (AP ONE STAR)
with prescriptive/whole building performance method of compliance for the
buildings.

The Process of Star Rating shell be started at the time of plan approval by submitting
AP* (AP ONE STAR) compliance,
sealed and signed by AP Empanelled Architect with MAUD and NREDCAP or
Bureau of Energy Efficiency Empanelled
Architect against the mandatory requirement of compliance of APECBC to
respective Urban Local Body.

To get occupancy certificate the builder, owner or developer should submit the AP
Empanelled Architect with MAUD and NREDCAP / BEE Empanelled Architect
verifying that the building has been built in accordance with the approved design and
plan approval to respective Urban Local Body. Only then will the occupancy
certificate be issued.

The Urban Local Body may conduct random unscheduled progress inspections
throughout the construction phase of a building for any new building, addition or
alteration project, to ensure that the building complies with the APECBC. “

APECBC Compliance Rating Methodology:

Category Compliance Requirement


AP* compliance by prescriptive method as per APECBC or
compliance by whole building performance method with
energy savings up to 5% above standard design
AP ** compliance by whole building performance method with
energy savings of ≥6 and ≤10% above standard design
AP *** compliance by whole building performance method with
energy savings of ≥11 and ≤15% standard design
AP **** compliance by whole building performance method with
energy savings of ≥16 and ≤20% above standard design
AP ***** compliance by whole building performance method with
energy savings of ≥21 and ≤30% above standard design
AP ****** compliance by whole building performance method with
energy savings above 30% of standard design

Green Building Congress 2014

To advance green building movement in the country, IGBC is organising India’s


flagship event on green buildings, Green Building Congress 2014 on 4 – 6
September 2014 at Hyderbad, India.

The Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) was formed in the year 2001 to address
many of these aspects. The vision of the council is `To usher in a green building
movement in the country and to facilitate India become one of the world leaders in
green buildings by 2015′.

Event Objectives:

 Expose the participants to the latest global trends in green buildings


 Exhibit green building products and technologies
 Provide a platform for networking
 Facilitate exploring new business opportunities
 Enable market transformation of green products and equipment

Event Highlights:

 Over 2000 Delegates


 Over 100 Exhibitors
 Over 5000 Footfalls
 Participation from Australia, Canada, China, Colombia, Finland, France,
Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, Jordan, Malaysia, Nepal, Netherlands,
Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, Srilanka,
Thailand, UK & USA
IGBC Sample Questions & Answers
–2
: Energy & Atmosphere
1. What are the major consumers of energy in a building?
AC, light, power equipments, Vent. fans
2. What are components that add to heat gain in a building?
Glass, wall, lights power equipment, occupants
3. Which consultant is responsible for energy efficiency?
All (Arch., MEP, owner etc.)
4. Which is ideal orientation for building in terms of energy efficiency?
Longest space facing north south
5. What are the 3 properties of glass considered while selecting glazing?
U, Shading co-efficient, VLT
6. What are the units of U value? And is higher / lower better?
Btu/hr/ft2/0F or W/m2/ 0K. Lower is better.
7. What do SC and SHGC stand for? What is the conversion factor?
SC: Shading co-efficient & SHGC: Solar heat gain co efficient
8. What are the options for improving wall U-value?
Brick wall with insulation, brick wall with air cavity, Hollow blocks, fly ash bricks, AAC
blocks
9. What are the types of roof insulation?
Over deck, under deck, insulation sandwiched
10. What are AAC blocks and which component is “recycled content”?
Autoclaved Aerated Concrete blocks (with fly ash, cement, lime, Al powder, water),
fly ash
11. Which standard is followed for energy calculation / simulation?
ASHRAE 90.1. or ECBC whichever is more stringent
12. Name any 3 methods to improve efficiency of AC system?
Water cooled chiller, High COP, VFD, economiser, heat recovery wheels, BMS
13. What is LPD?
Light power density
14. Mention any 3 ways to improve efficiency of lighting systems?
Natural lighting, Day light sensor, Occupancy sensor, individual control
15. What is BMS?
Building management System
16. What are the benefits of commissioning?
Cross checking all are as per documents & design. To ensure equipments are
designed, installed & calibrated as intend
17. What is fundamental commissioning?
Agent to review design intent
Incorporate commissioning requirement in the documents
Develop commissioning plan
During construction:
• Verify installation
• Functional performance
• Training, operation & maintenance documentation
• Commissioning report
Basically a plan, checking the equipments designed & commissioned properly.
Development and implement a commissioning plan.
18. Can a member of the project team do fundamental commissioning?
Yes if less than 50000sqft
19. Which standards must be met to achieve “minimum energy performance”
prerequisite?
ECBC/ASHRAE 90.1
20. What does CFC, HCFC, HFC, ODP and GWP stand for?
Chloro Fluoro Carbon, Hydro Chloro Fluoro Carbon, Hydro Fluoro Carbon, Ozone
Depletion Potential, Global Warming Potential
21. What is the intent of eliminating the use of CFC in HVAC & R systems?
Prevent ozone depletion & global warming
22. How many points are available for energy efficiency in LEED NC Rating?
10
23. Which are the 2 methods to prove compliance with ASHRAE / ECBC?
Prescriptive & whole building performance (simulation)
24. Which data is required to do energy modelling?
All data – Arch. MEP services, landscape, glazing, etc.
25. What are examples of Renewable energy?
Tidal, Wind. Solar, Hydro, biogas
26. What are the requirements for energy produced to be claimed under EAC2,
renewable energy?
Produced at site (2.5% 5% & 7.5%)
27. % of renewable energy is calculated in comparison to…
Total energy consumed in the building
28. Who performs additional commissioning?
Third party
29. What stage is commissioning agent hired and how long is his role in project?
Initial Stage of construction & up to one year after occupancy
30. Which protocol outlines requirements for preventing ozone depletion
Montreal protocol
31. What are requirements of “measurement & verification” credit?
IPMVP (International Performance Measurement & Verification Protocol) document
to be verified & to be checked for 1 year after occupancy
Third party will do measurement & verification during occupancy.
32. What is Green Power?
Producing renewable energy off site
33. How much of building energy load should be green power?
50%
34. What are thermal breaks?
Air gap between windows to reduce the heat conduction act as insulation is thermal
break
35. What are VFD’s, Heat Recovery Wheels & Economizers?
Variable Frequency Drive : Give the A/c as per the requirement/ person so energy
reduced
Heat Recovery wheel: for pre cooling the fresh air using waste exhaust air which is
at comparatively lower temperature (for energy conservation)
Economizers : Supply fresh air when required (occupant)
36. What is additional commissioning ?
• 3rd party to review design intent
• Contractor submittal verification
• Re commissioning management plan
• Post occupancy review
Chapter 5: Materials & Resources
1. What are the 5 materials (at a minimum) that a building occupant should have the
appropriate bin to dispose off, in a green building?
Paper, card board, metal, glass, plastics
2. Is “Storage & Collection of Recyclables” for during construction or post
occupancy?
Post occupancy
3. In addition to bins, what else needs to be incorporated in the design of the
building?
Space to earmarked. Centralised space to located.
4. Name any 3 building elements that categorize as Shell, Non Shell and Structure?
Shell- Exterior wall, roof, framing
Non shell-windows, doors, false ceiling , wooden flooring
Structure-column, beam, basement wall, roof deck, floor deck, foundation
5. What is the intent of Building Reuse credit?
Extent the life of the existing building & reduce construction waste
6. Are windows shell or non shell?
Non shell
7. What is the goal of Construction waste management?
Avoid the construction lead to landfill, reduce the waste, recycle it properly
8. Name any 5 materials that would be considered construction waste?
Brick, glass, cement bags, steal,
9. Is sand a construction waste?
No.
10. How is construction waste measured and what is is the % to be achieved for 1 &
2 points?
For 50% – 1 point & 75% – 2 and above 95% exemplary 1 point
11. Name 3 examples of Resource Reuse?
Brick, furniture’s, Aeroplane tyre, wing,
12. How the value of resource reuse calculated and what is is it compared to for
achieving points?
The price of the actual (new item) – 5% of building material cost – 1 & 10% -2
13. What are the types of recycled content? Give some examples
Post consumer – bottle-glass, paper, plastics
Post industrial – Fly ash, steel, gypsum
14. What is the average recycled content % of steel and glass?
Steel – 20-25%
Glass – 10-15%
15. What is the intent of local / regional materials credit?
Encourage local economy, reduce transportation, pollution.
16. What is allowable distance for a material to be “local”
500 miles (800 km)
17. Define manufacture and extraction?
Final assembling place is Manufacture
Raw material extraction – initial – Extraction
18. From where is the radius for local materials calculated?
From site
19. How many years is the harvesting cycle considered as “rapidly renewable”?
Less than 10 years
20. Some examples of rapidly renewable?
Bamboo, MDF (Medium Density Fibre board), [Eucalyptous, cotton, straw, wool]
21. What does FSC stand for?
Forest Stewardship Council
22. How is FSC wood better than un-certified wood?
The wood is not better than normal wood. The forest is well managed.
23. What certificate is required for credit compliance for FSC wood?
Chain of custody.
24. Can a material be counted in Building and Resource reuse?
No.
25. Can a material be taken in rapidly renewable and certified wood credits?
Yes
Chapter 6: Indoor Environmental Quality
1. What standard is followed for Minimum Indoor Environmental Ventilation
requirements?
ASHRAE 62.1
2. What are the standards outlined in ASHRAE 62.1?
Ventilation standrards
3. What is CFM?
Cubit Feet per Minute
4. Which locations are inappropriate for fresh air intakes?
Not near to exhaust areas, ETS, parking garage, cooling tower
5. What is ETS? What is the intent of this credit?
Environmental Tobacco Smoke. Avoid the exposure of ETS to occupants/non-
smokers.
6. What are the 2 options for meeting ETS requirements?
Declare building as No Smoking
Provide dedicated smoking area with proper ventilation (to be maintained under –ive
pressure)
7. What is the benefit of monitoring CO2 in a space?
Increase the fresh air
8. What is best location for CO2 sensors in terms of spaces and height?
From floor between 3 ft 6 ft
9. What % better than ASHRAE should be achieved to get credits and for what % of
spaces?
30% for 90% spaces
10. What is the benefit of a Construction IAQ Plan?
Well being of construction workers / occupants
Protection of equipments
11. Which standard is used for Construction IAQ?
SMACNA- Sheet Metal & Air conditioning Contractors National Association
12. What is MERV and where is it used?
Minimum Efficiency reporting Value – this is filter media used in AHU
13. What is Building Flush Out and when is it done?
Before occupation, by natural fresh air for 2 weeks Ac operation & replace the MERV
8
14. What is the benefit of using low VOC materials?
Prevent exposure of chemical toxicants, irritation
15. What does VOC stand for?
Volatile Organic Compound
16. Name the 4 categories of low VOC materials required by LEED?
Adhesives, Sealants & primer, Paints & coating, Carpet
17. Name 4 adhesives & sealants in a building?
Carpet adhesive, tile adhesive, AC Insulation adhesive, Architectural sealants, Fire
sealants
18. Which standard is followed for carpets and carpet adhesives?
Carpet & Rug Institute, Green label plus
19. Which resin is not allowed in Wood & Agrifiber products? Mention any other
resin?
Urea formaldehyde – not allowed. Use phenol formaldehyde
20. What is the intent of the “indoor chemical & pollutant source control” credit?
Avoid exposure of building occupants to hazardous, chemical pollutants & dusts
21. What types of rooms require independent ventilation?
Chemical, copier, ETS,
22. To achieve the credit, what is the MERV value credit?
MERV-13
23. What are the advantages of providing “Controllability of systems”?
Save energy. Facilitates individual thermal & lighting controllability
24. What are the standards for operable windows?
10 ft either side of the window and 20 ft inside the window.
25. Which areas are to provide the controllability?
Regularly occupied areas
26. Example of controllability of systems; lighting?
BMS . Automatic sensors , thermostat,
27. Which standard is followed for Thermal comfort credit?
Ashrae 55
28. What are the focus areas of ASHRAE 55?
Thermal comfort : Temperature & Humidity control
29. When must the verification survey be conducted?
6-18 months
30. What is the minimum % of occupants should satisfied with thermal conditions,
below which corrective action needs to be taken?
80%
31. What does daylight factor depend on?
VLT, Amount of glass in comparison to floor area.
32. What is the benefit of natural daylight?
Energy saving & conservation
33. What % of space should meet minimum daylight requirements?
75% of regularly occupied area
34. What is the height between which views are possible through glazing?
2’6” to 7’6”
35. What is the % of spaces to have indoor – outdoor connection
95%
Chapter 7: Innovation & Design
1. What topics are covered in innovation & design chapter?
Innovative performance in Green Building categories not specifically addressed by
LEED also it provides one point if IGBC AP is involved
2. What is “Innovation” in a green building rating system?
Doing something new which were not related to any of the credit system
3. Mention any 3 innovations in a green building?
Green education, Green house keeping, Car pooling.
4. Define exemplary performance?
Meeting more than specified in the credit limit
5. Mention any 3 credits which could qualify for exemplary performance?
100% AC make up water from Treated water, reducing or salvage more than 95%
construction waste, more than 50%(95%) roof garden , more than 10% (15%)
recycle content. More than 20% regional material, 95% to 100 % FSC wood , 95%
lighting energy reduction by day light views
6. At a minimum, who should be a LEED AP to achieve the point in LEED rating
system?
Consultant, architect, Design team member
Chapter 8: Green Building Codes
1. What is covered in NBC Part 10, Section1, and Chapter 4?
Control of erosion & sedimentation control
2. What does ECBC stand for?
Energy conservation building code
3. Who developed the ECBC? Is it mandatory?
BEE – Bureau of Energy Efficiency. Not mandatory
4. What are the building systems covered under ECBC?
Ac, Lighting, Envelope, hot water system,
5. To which projects can ECBC be applied?
Moe than 500kW connected load or 600kva contract demand or 1000 sq.mtr Ac
space
6. What are 2 approaches for Energy Conservation?
Prescriptive & whole building performance (simulation)
7. What is maximum glazed area (% of gross wall area) in prescriptive approach?
60%
8. What are the 5 climate zones in India per ECBC?
Hot dry, warm humid, Composite, temperate, cold
9. What does ASHRAE stand for?
American society of heating, refrigeration & air-conditioning Engineers.
10. Which topics are covered in ASHRAE 90.1, which are the applicable credits?
Energy , optimizing energy performance
11. Which topics are covered in ASHRAE 62.1, which are the applicable credits?
Indoor environment quality
12. What is SMACNA? Which credit does it apply to?
Sheet Metal & Air conditioning Contractors National Association & Construction IAQ
credit
13. What is ASHRAE 55 and what topics are covered?
Thermal comfort : Temperature & humidity control
14. What is CRI & Green Label certification?
Carpet & rug institute –are the certifying authority
Green Label plus requirements –Certificate for carpet

General:
1. What are materials with recycled content?
Materials which have a certain amount of waste product or recycled product included
in the manufacturing process.
2. Work from home encourages what culture?
Mixed use buildings with reduced travel (hence fuel & pollution) from travel
3. Why do walls in a building need to be insulated?
Reduce heat transfer / gain through conduction
4. Which of the following are appropriate sites?
Should not be farmland, endangered species, 100fet of wetland & parkland
5. What is the broad objective of using low VOC?
Reduced exposure of occupants to toxic chemicals resulting in respiratory and
discomfort
6. What does Evapo-transpiration refer to?
` Evapo transpiration is loss of water by plants due to evaporation and transpiration
7. What principle does composite toilet work?
Use of bacteria to treated organic waste and it can be reused as compost. Aerobic,
no chemicals
8. How do VFD’s assist in green buildings?
Variable Frequency Drives regulate air conditioning per requirement / occupancy and
hence reduce energy consumption
9. Why are lighter shades of paint preferred?
Reflect away heat rather than conducting, reduced heat island effect
10. What does recycling construction debris encourage?
Prevents waste being sent to landfill. Also reduces waste and encourages onsite
reuse
11. What is the intent of roof garden?
Roof garden reduces heat island effect and also reduces conductive heat gain by
increasing insulating property of roof
12. When should fresh air be pumped into the space?
When co2 levels are raised due to human occupancy
13. What are the ideal location of CO2 sensors
3’-6” above floor : breathing zone
14. What is silt fencing?
Silt fence helps to prevents erosion & sedimentation by trapping silt from running
water
15. What are Green Woods?
Green wood can be FSC certified or rapidly renewable
16. Trade off in LPD is accepted when?
Whole building method, where one space can have higher LPD and one less, as
long as total LPD is below ASHRAE
17. RWH calculations should be according to which parameters?
Rainfall, site imperviousness
18. What are factors determining IAQ?
Fresh air, VOC & contaminants, & daylight
19. What is the benefit of providing Individual controls to occupants?
Adjust personal climate, savings in energy
20. CFL is good replacement for?
Incandescent bulbs, halogens
21. What causes SBS?
Sick Building Syndrome – poor indoor environment quality and inadequate fresh air
22. Waterless urinals help in what?
Reduces water used for sewage conveyance
23. U Value or SHGC is important for a building in tropical climate should be?
Both are important.
24. What are Non shell elements?
Non Shell: doors, partitions, flooring, windows
25. What causes failure in day-lighting?
Inadequate glare control
26. Less VOC can cause what difference to occupants?
Better air quality, less VOC and toxins which result in respiratory issues
27. Runoff co-efficient for asphalt is low or high?
High
28. What are stabilization using structural controls?
Using structural controls to prevent sedimentation: silt fence, earth dikes, sediment
basin, sediment traps
29. What are Xeriscapes and what are the benefits?
Landscape using minimum plants, cacti and hard materials, to reduce water
consumption for landscape
30. RBTS best to treat which water?
Reed Bed Treatment System for waste water
31. Objective for purchasing products with recycled content?
Encourage recycling and use of recycled materials in manufacture process, reduce
demand on virgin materials
32. What is the percentage of recycled content in steel?
20 – 25 % for steel
33. Building orientation is crucial why?
Reduced heat gain by longer axis facing north south
34. Examples of Post industrial recycled content?
Fly ash, steel
35. Maximum post development storm water run-off should be?
Less than pre development run off
36. Broad intent to design with daylight and view?
Maximize indoor outdoor connection and reduce operation of artificial lights by using
natural daylight
37. Installing moisture sensors in landscapes helps in?
Supplying water for landscape only when required (soil becoming dry)
38. What happens to the water flow in faucet when pressure is decreased?
Water flow is decreased
39. Economizers work in what principles?
Supplying fresh air only when rooms are occupied, co2 sensors
40. If the building is predominantly factory with other offices spaces attached to it
what rating can we opt?
Green factories IGBC
41. What does the project team do when there is a challenge in the interpretation of
a credit or prerequisite?
Submit CIR
42. What does the project team do when they have failed in getting a particular credit
and they are confident in getting?
Appeal
43. Could certification be achieved if the project gets maximum credits, except for
one perquisite?
No, all pre reqs should be achieved
44. Who reviews the appeal?
Different Assessor, not the one who reviewed first time
45. How much time does IGBC takes for 1st Review?
30 days
46. What is the interval in which the pre-certified project should be updated with
IGBC
6 months
47. Green roof is installed to?
Roof garden reduces heat island effect and also reduces conductive heat gain by
increasing insulating property of roof
48. Quantity of water required per head in a office building (as per NBC)
45 litres / person / day
49. Quantity of water required per head for domestic and non domestic usage (as
per NBC)?
135 litres / person / day
50. Can a project apply for platinum rating if its gold rating in pre-certified
Yes
51. Why we have to study the soil condition before landscape?
Appropriate plants species and irrigation systems
52. How does commissioning help?
Ensures proper installation and functioning per design, identifies any installation
mistakes
53. CFC reduction/elimination in refrigerants helps in what?
Reduce ozone depletion
54. What is the benefit of construction waste management?
Prevent waste going to landfill
55. If there is substantial wood requirement in a building how to make it green?
FSC wood, rapidly renewable wood or MDF (recycled content)
56. What is the ASHRAE standard for ventilation?
ASHRAE 62.1
57. What does ASHRAE 55 speak about?
Thermal comfort: temperature and humidity
58. Where should the location of fresh air intakes be in a building?
Away from exhausts, smoking areas, and no pollutant source
59. What happens if we increase the ventilation in a building more than the ECBC
standards?
Better IAQ (more fresh air) but increase in energy consumption
60. Which agency concern about construction IAQ management plan?
SMACNA, should be done by contractor and documented by taking photos
61. What does ENVIS concern about?
ENVIS: wet lands
62. Which is a brown field development?
Contaminated site, chemical or physical, landfill etc
63. What is the intent in developing in a previously developed site?
Reduce development of green fields and use sites within developed area rather than
away from city
64. ECBC is been devised by
ECBC was devised by Bureau of Energy Efficiency BEE
65. What happens if the local control regulations are stringent than the ECBC or
ASHRAE standards..
Follow whichever is MOST stringent
66. ECBC has divided Indian into how many climate zones?
5 climate zone: Hot Dry, Warm Humid, Composite, Temperate, Cold
67. What does SRI property in a material define?
SRI is solar Reflectance Index, how much solar radiation is reflected
68. Oil grit separators are installed to:
To filter oil in storm water run-off
69. The Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) is applicable to buildings or
building complexes that have a connected load
500 kW or greater
70. If a credit point has been denied for a project and the project team feels they
have complied with the credit requirement, the project team
Can appeal for review of the credit
71. Perform soil and climate analysis to determine the species of plants which will
adapt best
Reduce water requirement for landscaping

IGBC AP Exam Sample Question &


Answers -1
apter1: Green Buildings

1. What does LEED stand for?


Leadership in Energy & Environment Design
2. Which was the first LEED Platinum rated building in India?
CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre
3. Which website can you get information about green buildings and the Indian
Green Building Council?
http://www.igbc.in
4. Which credit and how many points are awarded to a project with IGBC AP as a
principal design team member
Innovation , one point
5. Who can become members of IGBC?
Any organisation (Arch, consult, Builder, instituiton etc)
6. Which member of the team needs to be a IGBC member for the project to claim
the discount? Owner
7. Name the 4 Green rating systems available in India through IGBC, and which year
these were launched?
LEED India New construction -2007
LEED India core & shell in 2007
IGBC green Homes-2009
IGBC Green Factories -2009
8. What is the most recommended time for a project register for rating through
IGBC?
Initial Design Stage
9. At which stage should a project select the rating system the project will be
following?
Feasibility study
10. Where can the fees be found for registration / certification for an IGBC rating
system?
http://www.igbc.in and Particular rating page
11. Which area should not be considered in calculation of fees?
Parking area
12. What is the next stage after the registration form is submitted on IGBC website?
CIR
13. What does the project team receive after a project is registered with IGBC?
Reference guide & Leed India templates
14. What is a CIR?
Credit Interpretation Ruling
15. What steps should you take before filing a CIR?
Check the intent, requirement, calculation details in reference Guide
Check the previously logged CIR’s in the CIR page of IGBC website
Submit a CIR
16. With registration, how many CIR’s does project receive for free and how much do
subsequent CIRS cost?
2 free & beyond this 5000 per CIR
17. Where can you find other project CIR’s?
http://www.igbc.in
18. What is Pre Certification?
To market the project, apply for the leed rating proposed with submittals.
19. Which rating systems can you apply for Pre certification?
Leed India Core & shell & IGBC Green homes
20. Can a project be denied credits in pre certification submittal?
Yes.
21. If a project achieves “Gold” rating in pre certification, can it apply for Platinum in
final certification?
Yes
22. How often should project team update IGBC on status of project after pre
certification?
Every 6 months
23. If a project is achieving 45 credits and missing one pre requisite, can it still apply
for certification?
No
24. What items should be submitted with the application for certification?
All building drawings,
Filled in Leed india Templates
Calculations
Fees
25. How long does IGCB take to perform preliminary review?
30 working days
26. What is a clarification
Reply of the Project team for the IGBC preliminary report of Pending & Denied
credits.
27. What are the contents of Preliminary Review report?
CAA (Credit Accept Anticipated, Pending & Denied
28. Where are the fees available for certification and what are the fees based on?
http://www.igbc.in & fees based on Sq.ft.
29. Is there a discount for IGBC members?
Yes
30. How much time is given for project team to respond to Preliminary review?
30 working days
31. How many credits / prerequisites does the IGBC verify on site?
Up to six credits and/or prerequisites
32. Name the 2 stages at which on site inspection takes place?
During construction
before awarding the certificate
33. On receiving the final review, what are the options for a project team?
Accept or appeal
34. How long does a project team have to appeal
15 working days
35. How much does an appeal cost?
Rs. 20,000/credit
36. Who reviews an Appeal? What documents should be submitted?
Other than the first reviewed party all relevant documents related to that credit alone
with All drawings & narration (original submittal for the credit)
37. What does a “certified” project receive from IGBC?
Certificate, Award letter & metal plague
38. What is the difference between CIR and Clarification?
CIR- requires details from IGBC Raised by project team answered by IGBC
Clarification-Project team reply for the IGBC preliminary review
39. On which website can you find the information on certified projects and
accredited individuals of IGBC in India?
http://www.igbc.in
40. How many copies (soft & hard) of documents need to be sent to IGBC?
2 sets Soft copy
Chapter 2: Sustainable Sites:
1. What are the 5 major chapters in LEED rating system?
Sustainable Site/water efficiency / Energy & Atmosphere / Indoor Environment
Quality / Material & Resources
2. What are the 4 levels of LEED certification a project can achieve?
Platinum, Gold, Silver, Certified
3. Is erosion and sedimentation control mandatory for a NC project?
Yes
4. Which type of projects can NC rating system be applied to?
New projects / more 50% owner occupied
5. What is a major renovation?
More than 50% renovation (Envelope, HVAC & Electrical system)
6. What does erosion and sedimentation control helps to protect?
Protect the top soil, air pollution reduce, improve water quality
7. Is addressing construction stage for erosion & sedimentation sufficient?
No
8. What are the different types of seeding?
Temporary & Permanent
9. What impact does mulching have?
Retains moisture & protect top soil
10. Name 4 structural controls to E&S?
Earth dike, Silt fencing, Sediment trap, Sediment basin
11. Which Indian standard is followed for Erosion & Sedimentation Control?
NBC part 10, chapter 1, section -4
12. What types of sites are inappropriate for green buildings?
Prime Farm land, Within 100 feet of wet land (ENVIS) Habitat of endangered species
(WII) & Public parkland
13. What is a farmland?
Produce crops with less damage to resources, least cost,
Best place for produce food, crop,
Acceptable acidity/alkalinity, salt, sodium
Adequate & dependable water
No rock or less rock
14. Who lists endangered species in India?
Wild life institute of India
15. What is the minimum distance between site and wet land?
100 feet
16. Is development on parkland appropriate?
No
17. What is the minimum density onsite and in calculated radius to achieve SSC2?
1.38 FAR ½ mile radius 60,000 sq.ft / acre
18. Name any 10 basic services & what is the radius within which 10 basic services
and residential is required for SSc2?
Hotel, fire station, beauty parlour, school, hospital, bank, bus stop, place of worship,
grocery, Day care, cleaners, laundry, library, park, pharmacy, post office, senior care
facility, Theatre, community centre, fitness centre & Museum . R=.3root (acre x
43560)
19. What is a site with environmental or chemical contamination called?
Brown field
20. What are the 2 options for Alt Trns C4, public transportation access?
½ mile Rail line or ¼ mile Bus Stop with min. 2 bus lines
21. How many bus stops and bus lines are required to achieve the credit?
1 stop with min. 2 buses
22. What is the intent of encouraging alternative fuel vehicles?
To reduce pollution from automobiles /save fuel
23. What are requirements if Alternative fuel vehicles are provided?
3 % of occupancy & preferred parking
24. What are the requirements if recharge stations are provided?
3% of parking capacity
25. Is it better to meet or exceed the local parking requirements?
Meet (Not to exceed)
26. Define “preferred parking”
Parking nearer to entrance, core, next to handicapped parking
27. How can we minimize site disturbance in a Green Field site?
By use less area for construction work, less disturbance to vegetation
28. How much area of site should have vegetation to achieve SSC5.1?
50%
29. A site should exceed local open space requirement by XX% to achieve SSC5.2?
25%
30. Run off coefficients are higher for which materials?
Asphalt, Concrete, brick
31. In any development should post development run off be higher or less than pre
development run off?
Should be less than
32. What is TSS?
Total suspended solid
33. How can TSS be reduced before recharge?
Harvesting pit
34. What does Heat Island effect mean?
Thermal gradient difference b/w developed & non developed area
35. Name any 4 strategies to prevent Heat Island Effect on non roof areas?
Gardening. White coating, parking in basement, parking under shades.

36. What does SRI stand for? Is higher or lower SRI better to prevent heat island?
Solar Reflectance Index , Higher
37. How do Green Roofs greatly help to reduce Heat Island Effect?
Green roof reduce the heat transfer/ gain
38. How do High SRI roofs help in Green Buildings?
reduce the heat transfer to building
39. What is the intent of “Light Pollution Reduction” credit?
Remove up lights and reduce impact on nocturnal environments
40. Which standard is followed for calculating LPD for exterior lighting?
Ashrae 90.1
Chapter 3: Water Efficiency:
1. What is potable water?
Drinkable water
2. Name the 3 largest consumers of water in a typical building?
Irrigation, Toilets, Ac make up water
3. What is the standard pressure at which toilet fixtures should be measured?
80 PSI (Piunds per square inch)
4. What does GPF, GPM, LPM and LPF stand for?
Gallons per flush, Gallons per minute, litre per minute, litre per flush
5. What is RBTS and which water can be treated using this system?
Reed Bed Treatment system, waste water
6. What are BOD and COD and who decides the allowable limits?
Biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand & PCB
7. What are appropriate ways to recharge roof and ground storm water?
Roof water to open wells, surface water to Rain water harvesting pits
8. What is Xeri-scaping?
Usage of desert plant/dry Landscape
9. Why are native landscape considered green?
They don’t need special care much of water, integrate building with local ecology
10. Name some types of efficient irrigation systems?
Drip irrigation , sprinkler irrigation
11. How long is it acceptable to use temporary irrigation system when the project is
attempting to completely eliminate the use of potable water consumption credit?
1 year
12. What type of air conditioning systems utilizes water?
Water cooled
13. What is the minimum % of potable water quantity is to be reduced to achieve the
credit on water efficiency in air conditioning systems?
50%
14. Which are the 2 options to achieve the “innovative waste water technologies”
credit?
Reduce potable water for sewage by 50% by using non potable water (or) treat 50%
waste water to tertiary standards
15. Name any 3 ways to reduce amount of waste water generated in a building?
Use STP treated water , low flow fixtures, Reduce potable water use for building
sewage by 50% by use of non potable water Treat 50% waste water onsite to tertiary
standards. Treated water must be infiltrated or used on-site
16. What is the intent of the “water use reduction” credit?
Maximise water efficiency, reduce the waste water generation (Ground water
protection /less usage of water)
17. Which fixtures are considered for calculating water use reduction in a building?
Water efficient fixtures, water less urinals
18. What is the standard flow for a WC?
1.6 GPF at 80 psi
19. What are dual flush toilets?
Toilets with 2 flow rates
20. How do aerators help in flow fixtures?
Maintain pressure & reduce the water usage
ECBC Star Rating for Non
Residential Buildings Andhrapradesh
The Andhra Pradesh State Government will soon notify an mandatory Energy
Conservation Building code (ECBC) star rating for Multistory Non Residential
(Commercial) Buildings.

The code would be applicable to all non-residential buildings with more than 1,000
sq. mt of plotted area or 2,000 sq mt of built up area, whichever is higher.

Initially, single star energy conservation shall be made mandatory in respect of all
these structures.

LEED 2011 for India: Changes In


New Version & Check List
The Indian Green Building Council launched updated version of LEED India, LEED
2011 for India.

Major changes in new rating system:

The credit categories of Sustainable Sites, Water Effi ciency and Energy &
Atmosphere have changes significantly while Materials & Resources and Indoor
Environmental Quality remained very similar

Sustainable Sites

The sustainable site section has a total of 26 points available while v1 only had 13
credits points. The prerequisite “Erosion & Sedimentation Control” in LEED V1.0 has
been changed to “Construction Activity Pollution Prevention” in new version.

The Development Density & Community Connectivity credit went from one possible
point to five possible points. Another big jump comes in Alternative Transportation
credit; V1 have four points in this section while v3.0 allows for 12 points. New credit
point “Bicycle Storage and Changing Rooms” is added in Alternative Transportation.
With new version it is possible to use low SRI roofing material if the weighted rooftop
SRI average meets the criteria.

Water efficiency:

The Water Efficiency section has been upgraded. A pre requisite has been added to
this section. Previously one point was available with 20 % and 2 points with 30%
reduction in water use where as In version three, a minimum of 20 % water use
reduction is mandatory and 30% reduction is required to score 2 points. Projects
that have 40% reduction will qualify for 3 while 50% reduction earns 4 points.

The Water efficient landscaping credit went possible two points to four points and
Water Efficiency in Air-conditioning System(credit 2) and Innovative Wastewater
Technologies (credit 3) in Version 1 are combined in to one credit Innovative
Wastewater Treatment and Reuse (credit 2)

Energy and Atmosphere

The Energy & Atmosphere section also has seen a big jump in available points – 17
in v1 to 35 in new version. Most of this increase is through the addition of
improvement levels in the energy performance category and more options for the
use of renewable energy.

The big change is the mandatory energy saving requirements, with new version it is
mandatory to improve in the proposed building performance by 10% for new
buildings.

The Renewable Energy credit went possible 3 points to 7 points and % of the
building’s total energy is reduced from minimum 2.5% for 1 point to 1% for 1 point
and subsequent increment of 2% will give 1 extra point.

Materials and Resources & Indoor Environmental Quality

Materials & Resources and Indoor Environmental Quality section are very similar to
the old version. Building reuse credit went possible two points to three points and
there is change in credit requirements in material reuse, recycle content & regional
material credits.
Innovation in Design

There are a possible six ID points in LEED 2011, increased from five points in the
previous version.

Regional Priority

Regional Priority Credits are new in LEED 2011. They offer extra credit points for
project teams to address environmental issues that are identified as local/regional
priorities by IGBC. A project can achieve no more than four credit points from credits
identified as Regional Priority. IGBC identified following six credits as Regional
Priority Credits.

 WE c1: Water Efficient Landscaping


 WE c2: Innovative Wastewater Treatment and Reuse
 WE c3: Water Use Reduction
 EA c1: Optimize Energy Performance
 EA c3: Enhanced Commissioning
 EA c5: Measurement and Verification

LEED 2011 – IGBC’s New Version


for LEED Certification
The Indian Green Building Council launched updated version of LEED India, LEED
2011 for India. New projects will have to be register under the new rating system
beginning 20th October 2011. LEED India 2011 focuses on reduction of energy
usage & carbon di oxide emission.

The new version comes with several changes. The credit categories of Sustainable
Sites, Water Effi ciency and Energy & Atmosphere were given significantly more
importance while Materials & Resources and Indoor Environmental Quality remained
very similar. The extra credit opportunities were expanded including an additional
point for Innovation in Design and the addition of Regional Priority credits. The most
notable change is the significant increase in points; LEED India v1.0 had a maximum
of 69 points available while LEED 2011 for India NC have total 110 points – 100
possible base points plus an additional 6 points for Innovation in Design and 4 points
for Regional Priority.
Regional Priority Credits are new to LEED 2011. They offer extra incentive for
project teams to address environmental issues that are identified as local/regional
priorities by IGBC. IGBC identified following six Regional Priority (RP) credits as
having environmental importance for projects in the Indian region

WE c1: Water Efficient Landscaping

WE c2: Innovative Wastewater Treatment and Reuse

WE c3: Water Use Reduction

EA c1: Optimize Energy Performance

EA c3: Enhanced Commissioning

EA c5: Measurement and Verification

A project can earn 4 points of the six regional priority credits

Projects seeking certification using the LEED 2011 for India must score a minimum
of 40 points to be certified.

Certification levels

Rating System/ LEED NC LEED CS


Certification leve No of points No of points
New version Old Version New version Old Version
Certified 40 -49 26 -32 40 -49 23 – 27
Silver 50 – 59 33 – 38 50 – 59 28 -33
Gold 60 -79 39 -51 60 -79 34 -44
Platinum 80 and above 52 -69 80 and above 45 – 61

Points have been distributed as follows in the New Rating System

Rating system / Section LEED NC LEED CS


No of points No of points
New version Old Version New version Old Version
Sustainable Sites 26 13 28 14
Water Efficiency 10 6 10 6
Energy and Atmosphere 35 17 37 14
Materials and Resources 14 13 13 11
Indoor Environmental 15 15 12 11
Quality
Innovation in Design 6 5 6 5
Regional Priority 4 0 4 0
Total 110 69 110 61

Salient Features of LEED 2011


• Enhancement in energy and water efficiency baselines
• Promotion of naturally ventilated buildings
• Encouragement to passive technology
• In tune with local regulations and standards
• Adaptation of the latest versions of standards and codes

Download abridged version of new rating system from IGBC website

Recycled Materials For Green


Buildings
Use of recycled building material is fairly recent phenomena, and gaining worldwide
acceptance for both the economic as well as environmental benefits. With the
introduction of Green building certification in India, the use of recycled material in
buildings gain momentum. To make a building “Green“ it is necessary to select
building materials to be green since, these material have a good hand in polluting or
sustaining the environment. Use of recycled material reduces impacts associated
with extraction and processing of new materials and pollution. The solid waste also
reduces as they are diverted from landfills.

There are many building products available today that are manufactured from
recycled materials, such as Bricks, Glass, Steel, Fly ash Concrete, Tiles & Etc…
Most of the recycled material exhibit performances similar or even better than new
products such as fly ash bricks, which have higher compressive strength than
normal clay brick and has lower thermal conductivity than simple concrete block.

Recycled content: Recycle content is an important feature for selection of recycled


material. Recycled content is classified in to two types based on its origin namely
Post Consumer and Pre-consumer or Post industrial.
Post consumer recycle content is consumer waste that is already served a
purpose. More preference is given to post consumer waste as post-consumer
recycled materials are more likely to be diverted from landfills. The recycle content
was generated by household, commercial, industrial, or institutional end-users and
can no longer be used for its intended purpose.

Example of post-consumer recycled materials used in building products Aluminum,


paper, plastic, Glass etc.

Post industrial recycled content is waste material output or by product from


industries which are normally diverted to other industries or land filled. Example of
post-industrial recycled materials used in building products slag, fly ash bricks,
tiles…Etc

Recycled Materials for Buildings:

Fly ash concrete & bricks: Fly ash is a waste byproduct of coal-fired power plants.
It is used to make bricks and concrete

Steel: Steel is the only material for which LEED and IGBC allows you to claim a
default recycled-content value (25% post-consumer) without providing any
documentation.

Cement: waste products like fly ash, silica fume, and slag are used in cement

Glass: Used glass bulbs, glass bottles and window panes are used in glass

Aluminum: Used window frames, cans are used in Aluminum

Why Recycled Building Materials:

Recycled building materials are just as strong and durable as new materials and
reusing these products reduces the amount of waste in the landfills and also reduces
environmental impacts associated with new material extraction & processing.
Environmental benefits: Since recycled materials are used to replace new
materials that must be mined and processed for use, Recycled material conserves
natural resources and reduces the energy use and pollution associated with these
activities. Recycling materials results in less material being sent to disposal, which
saves landfill space and further reduces pollution.

Economic Benefits: Recycled materials are often less expensive than new
materials, so they make good economic sense for builders and project owners.

Performance Benefits: some industrial materials, such as fly ash and slag cement
used in concrete, offer significant performance benefits over conventional concrete.

Chapter1: Green Buildings

1. What does LEED stand for?


Leadership in Energy & Environment Design
2. Which was the first LEED Platinum rated building in India?
CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre
3. Which website can you get information about green buildings and the Indian
Green Building Council?
http://www.igbc.in
4. Which credit and how many points are awarded to a project with IGBC AP as a
principal design team member
Innovation , one point
5. Who can become members of IGBC?
Any organisation (Arch, consult, Builder, instituiton etc)
6. Which member of the team needs to be a IGBC member for the project to claim
the discount? Owner
7. Name the 4 Green rating systems available in India through IGBC, and which year
these were launched?
LEED India New construction -2007
LEED India core & shell in 2007
IGBC green Homes-2009
IGBC Green Factories -2009
8. What is the most recommended time for a project register for rating through
IGBC?
Initial Design Stage
9. At which stage should a project select the rating system the project will be
following?
Feasibility study
10. Where can the fees be found for registration / certification for an IGBC rating
system?
http://www.igbc.in and Particular rating page
11. Which area should not be considered in calculation of fees?
Parking area
12. What is the next stage after the registration form is submitted on IGBC website?
CIR
13. What does the project team receive after a project is registered with IGBC?
Reference guide & Leed India templates
14. What is a CIR?
Credit Interpretation Ruling
15. What steps should you take before filing a CIR?
Check the intent, requirement, calculation details in reference Guide
Check the previously logged CIR’s in the CIR page of IGBC website
Submit a CIR
16. With registration, how many CIR’s does project receive for free and how much do
subsequent CIRS cost?
2 free & beyond this 5000 per CIR
17. Where can you find other project CIR’s?
http://www.igbc.in
18. What is Pre Certification?
To market the project, apply for the leed rating proposed with submittals.
19. Which rating systems can you apply for Pre certification?
Leed India Core & shell & IGBC Green homes
20. Can a project be denied credits in pre certification submittal?
Yes.
21. If a project achieves “Gold” rating in pre certification, can it apply for Platinum in
final certification?
Yes
22. How often should project team update IGBC on status of project after pre
certification?
Every 6 months
23. If a project is achieving 45 credits and missing one pre requisite, can it still apply
for certification?
No
24. What items should be submitted with the application for certification?
All building drawings,
Filled in Leed india Templates
Calculations
Fees
25. How long does IGCB take to perform preliminary review?
30 working days
26. What is a clarification
Reply of the Project team for the IGBC preliminary report of Pending & Denied
credits.
27. What are the contents of Preliminary Review report?
CAA (Credit Accept Anticipated, Pending & Denied
28. Where are the fees available for certification and what are the fees based on?
http://www.igbc.in & fees based on Sq.ft.
29. Is there a discount for IGBC members?
Yes
30. How much time is given for project team to respond to Preliminary review?
30 working days
31. How many credits / prerequisites does the IGBC verify on site?
Up to six credits and/or prerequisites
32. Name the 2 stages at which on site inspection takes place?
During construction
before awarding the certificate
33. On receiving the final review, what are the options for a project team?
Accept or appeal
34. How long does a project team have to appeal
15 working days
35. How much does an appeal cost?
Rs. 20,000/credit
36. Who reviews an Appeal? What documents should be submitted?
Other than the first reviewed party all relevant documents related to that credit alone
with All drawings & narration (original submittal for the credit)
37. What does a “certified” project receive from IGBC?
Certificate, Award letter & metal plague
38. What is the difference between CIR and Clarification?
CIR- requires details from IGBC Raised by project team answered by IGBC
Clarification-Project team reply for the IGBC preliminary review
39. On which website can you find the information on certified projects and
accredited individuals of IGBC in India?
http://www.igbc.in
40. How many copies (soft & hard) of documents need to be sent to IGBC?
2 sets Soft copy
Chapter 2: Sustainable Sites:
1. What are the 5 major chapters in LEED rating system?
Sustainable Site/water efficiency / Energy & Atmosphere / Indoor Environment
Quality / Material & Resources
2. What are the 4 levels of LEED certification a project can achieve?
Platinum, Gold, Silver, Certified
3. Is erosion and sedimentation control mandatory for a NC project?
Yes
4. Which type of projects can NC rating system be applied to?
New projects / more 50% owner occupied
5. What is a major renovation?
More than 50% renovation (Envelope, HVAC & Electrical system)
6. What does erosion and sedimentation control helps to protect?
Protect the top soil, air pollution reduce, improve water quality
7. Is addressing construction stage for erosion & sedimentation sufficient?
No
8. What are the different types of seeding?
Temporary & Permanent
9. What impact does mulching have?
Retains moisture & protect top soil
10. Name 4 structural controls to E&S?
Earth dike, Silt fencing, Sediment trap, Sediment basin
11. Which Indian standard is followed for Erosion & Sedimentation Control?
NBC part 10, chapter 1, section -4
12. What types of sites are inappropriate for green buildings?
Prime Farm land, Within 100 feet of wet land (ENVIS) Habitat of endangered species
(WII) & Public parkland
13. What is a farmland?
Produce crops with less damage to resources, least cost,
Best place for produce food, crop,
Acceptable acidity/alkalinity, salt, sodium
Adequate & dependable water
No rock or less rock
14. Who lists endangered species in India?
Wild life institute of India
15. What is the minimum distance between site and wet land?
100 feet
16. Is development on parkland appropriate?
No
17. What is the minimum density onsite and in calculated radius to achieve SSC2?
1.38 FAR ½ mile radius 60,000 sq.ft / acre
18. Name any 10 basic services & what is the radius within which 10 basic services
and residential is required for SSc2?
Hotel, fire station, beauty parlour, school, hospital, bank, bus stop, place of worship,
grocery, Day care, cleaners, laundry, library, park, pharmacy, post office, senior care
facility, Theatre, community centre, fitness centre & Museum . R=.3root (acre x
43560)
19. What is a site with environmental or chemical contamination called?
Brown field
20. What are the 2 options for Alt Trns C4, public transportation access?
½ mile Rail line or ¼ mile Bus Stop with min. 2 bus lines
21. How many bus stops and bus lines are required to achieve the credit?
1 stop with min. 2 buses
22. What is the intent of encouraging alternative fuel vehicles?
To reduce pollution from automobiles /save fuel
23. What are requirements if Alternative fuel vehicles are provided?
3 % of occupancy & preferred parking
24. What are the requirements if recharge stations are provided?
3% of parking capacity
25. Is it better to meet or exceed the local parking requirements?
Meet (Not to exceed)
26. Define “preferred parking”
Parking nearer to entrance, core, next to handicapped parking
27. How can we minimize site disturbance in a Green Field site?
By use less area for construction work, less disturbance to vegetation
28. How much area of site should have vegetation to achieve SSC5.1?
50%
29. A site should exceed local open space requirement by XX% to achieve SSC5.2?
25%
30. Run off coefficients are higher for which materials?
Asphalt, Concrete, brick
31. In any development should post development run off be higher or less than pre
development run off?
Should be less than
32. What is TSS?
Total suspended solid
33. How can TSS be reduced before recharge?
Harvesting pit
34. What does Heat Island effect mean?
Thermal gradient difference b/w developed & non developed area
35. Name any 4 strategies to prevent Heat Island Effect on non roof areas?
Gardening. White coating, parking in basement, parking under shades.

36. What does SRI stand for? Is higher or lower SRI better to prevent heat island?
Solar Reflectance Index , Higher
37. How do Green Roofs greatly help to reduce Heat Island Effect?
Green roof reduce the heat transfer/ gain
38. How do High SRI roofs help in Green Buildings?
reduce the heat transfer to building
39. What is the intent of “Light Pollution Reduction” credit?
Remove up lights and reduce ompact on nocturnal environments
40. Which standard is followed for calculating LPD for exterior lighting?
Ashrae 90.1
Chapter 3: Water Efficiency:
1. What is potable water?
Drinkable water
2. Name the 3 largest consumers of water in a typical building?
Irrigation, Toilets, Ac make up water
3. What is the standard pressure at which toilet fixtures should be measured?
80 PSI (Piunds per square inch)
4. What does GPF, GPM, LPM and LPF stand for?
Gallons per flush, Gallons per minute, litre per minute, litre per flush
5. What is RBTS and which water can be treated using this system?
Reed Bed Treatment system, waste water
6. What are BOD and COD and who decides the allowable limits?
Biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand & PCB
7. What are appropriate ways to recharge roof and ground storm water?
Roof water to open wells, surface water to Rain water harvesting pits
8. What is Xeri-scaping?
Usage of desert plant/dry Landscape
9. Why are native landscape considered green?
They don’t need special care much of water, integrate building with local ecology
10. Name some types of efficient irrigation systems?
Drip irrigation , sprinkler irrigation
11. How long is it acceptable to use temporary irrigation system when the project is
attempting to completely eliminate the use of potable water consumption credit?
1 year
12. What type of air conditioning systems utilizes water?
Water cooled
13. What is the minimum % of potable water quantity is to be reduced to achieve the
credit on water efficiency in air conditioning systems?
50%
14. Which are the 2 options to achieve the “innovative waste water technologies”
credit?
Reduce potable water for sewage by 50% by using non potable water (or) treat 50%
waste water to tertiary standards
15. Name any 3 ways to reduce amount of waste water generated in a building?
Use STP treated water , low flow fixtures, Reduce potable water use for building
sewage by 50% by use of non potable water Treat 50% waste water onsite to tertiary
standards. Treated water must be infiltrated or used on-site
16. What is the intent of the “water use reduction” credit?
Maximise water efficiency, reduce the waste water generation (Ground water
protection /less usage of water)
17. Which fixtures are considered for calculating water use reduction in a building?
Water efficient fixtures, water less urinals
18. What is the standard flow for a WC?
1.6 GPF at 80 psi
19. What are dual flush toilets?
Toilets with 2 flow rates
20. How do aerators help in flow fixtures?
Maintain pressure & reduce the water usage