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QUALIFICATION FILE

Annexure - I

Course Content
for
PG-Diploma in Bio-Medical Instrumentation and Health
Informatics
Pre-Requisite:

Electronics Concepts, Problem solving by using C programming

Course Modules:

Sr. No. Module Name Hours

1. Programming Concepts 90

2. Digital Signal Processing 80

3. Microcontrollers and Interfacing 100

4. Bio-Medical Instrumentation 250

5. Health Informatics 90

6. PCB/CAD CAM 60

7. Upcoming Technology 10

8. Aptitude & English 50

9 Effective Communication 50

10. Project 120

Total 900
Detailed Contents

Programming Concepts ( 90 Hours)

 Basics of Program Writing & Coding Practices,


 Overview of C Programming language
 Basic Data Types , Array and Pointers ,Functions, Structure and Unions, Files and console
I/O
 Embedding Assembly code in C program
 Debugging and Optimization of C programs,
 Handling portability issues in C, Hardware, Time, Space and Power aware Programming,
 Introduction to Data Structures,
 Algorithms and abstract data types,
 Complexity of Algorithms,
 Linked Lists, Double Linked lists
 Stacks,
 Queues,
 Searching and Sorting Algorithms,
 Trees-introduction, Binary search Tree

Digital signal processing (80 Hours)


 Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing
 DFT
 IDFT
 FFT
 Convolution
 FIR and IIR Filter Design
 Algorithm implementation using DSP
 Digital Signal Processor Architecture
 DSP based software development tools
 DSP based embedded system design process
 DSP applications
 Introduction to Codecs

8/16/32 bit Microcontrollers and interfacing ( 100 Hours )

 Introduction to 8-bit Microcontrollers


 RISC / CISC and Harvard / Princeton Architectures
 Embedded Memory, Timers / Counters, UART, SPI, PWM, WDT
 LED, Switches, ADC, DAC, LCD
 Emerging Bus Standards (USB, PCI)
 Programming in Assembly and embedded C
 Introduction to 16 / 32-bit Processors
 ARM Architecture and Organization
 ARM/THUMB Programming Model
 ARM/THUMB Instruction Set
 ARM Exception Handling
 The ARM GNU Tools
 ARM/THUMB Interworking
 ARM Peripheral Programming
 Overview of Multi-Core Embedded Systems
 Overview of FPGA

PCB CAD/CAM ( 60 Hours)

 Types of PCBs & Overview of PCB Technologies


 Overview of manual routing technologies
 The CAD system as a Substitute for manual Routing & how to judge CAD system
 General Rules for Design of PCBs-Design factors
 Introduction to Or CAD capture & Entry of Schematic diagram
 Netlist file creation
 Importance of Grid system
 Autorouting
 Enhanced Routing Techniques
 Routing of SMD components
 Gerber Data Creation
 Advanced HDI Technologies

Bio-Medical Instrumentation 250 Hrs

Introduction to Biomedical Instrumentation


 Overview of Biomedical Instrumentation
 Block diagram of Medical Instrument
 A perspective of Biomedical Engineering
 Sources of Biomedical signals
 Intelligent of Medical Instrumentation system
 General constraints in Design of Medical Instrumentation systems
 Regulation of Medical devices

Anatomy and Physiology


 Cardiovascular system
 Respiratory system
 Nervous system
 Excretory system
 Digestive system

Design of Power subsystems in Medical Electronics

 Electromagnetic Interference Requirements


 Transient voltage Protection
 Electromagnetic interference
 Inrush Current control
 Soft start
 Overvoltage protection
 Undervoltage protection
 Overload protection
 Snubber circuits
 Power failure warning
 High voltage Defibrillators

Recording , Monitoring and Measuring Instruments


This module provides in-depth knowledge of theory, principle of working , building
blocks and technical analysis of following machines.
a. Digital ECG Machine
b. Digital EEG Machine
c. Multi parameter monitor
d. Pulse Oximeter

Imaging Equipment
This module provides in-depth knowledge of theory, principle of working , building
blocks and technical analysis of following machines.
a. X-ray Machine
b. Ultrasound Machine
c. Digital X-ray Machine
d. X-Ray Computed Tomography
e. Magnetic Resonance Imaging System
f. Positron Emission Tomography

Analytical Instruments
This module provides in-depth knowledge of theory, principle of working , building
blocks and technical analysis of following machines.
a. Spectrophotometer
b. Semi Auto Analyzer
c. PH meter
d. Blood Cell counter
e. Blood Gas analyzer

Therapeutic Equipment
This module provides in-depth knowledge of theory, principle of working , building
blocks and technical analysis of following machines.
a. Defibrillator
b. Shortwave Diathermy
c. Anaesthesia Machine
d. Ventilators

Patient Safety and Equipment Management


 Electric shock hazards
 Leakage Currents
 Safety codes for Electromedical Equipment
 Testing of Bio-Medical Equipment
 Calibration of Bio-Medical Equipment
 Equipment Control and asset management
 Data Quality Management
 Personnel Management
 Risk Management
 Medical Equipment Maintenance Management

Fiber optics and Laser in Bioinstrumentation


Physics of fiber optics, Fiber modes , Transmission and detection , Endoscopy imaging ,
Sigmoidoscopy Bronochoscopy , Laser classifications , Laser Medical applications
New Technologies and Advances in Medical Instrumentation

Healthcare Informatics (100 Hours)


 Introduction to Healthcare IT
 Overview
 IT in healthcare
 Clinical Data management
 Using Technology for Healthcare Delivery
 Electronic Medical Records (EMRs)

Interoperability including standards


 Standards
 Importance
 Standards and Standardizing Organizations
 Overview of various Healthcare IT Standards
 Integrated Health Enterprise (IHE)
 HIPAA
 "Confidentiality, integrity, security of electronic data interchange"
 Medical negligence and ethics
 Consent
 FDA regulations
 Medical Audit

 Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Standard


Introduction
 Data Structures and Encoding
 DICOM Information Model
 Service class specification

Application Areas
Telemedicine
Introduction and overview
 Telemedicine Infrastructure
 Features and Services
 Security in Telemedicine
 Medical Standards required in Telemedicine
 Applications and Limitations
 Telemedicine standards and guidelines
Upcoming Technology ( 10 Hours)
Project Work and Seminar (120 Hours )
The students are assigned a project work for the duration of one month. Also, as a part of
the curriculum, they are required to give a seminar on a topic relevant to the Biomedical
Instrumentation.
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