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Example 4-14. We have a drilled pier with a diam. = 1 m to be founded at a depth of 3.

5 m into
a rock mass to get through the surface irregularities and the weathered rock zone as determined by
coring to a depth of 6.5 m into the rock. From the cores the average RQD = 0.50 (or 50 percent)
below the pier point. Required, Estimate the allowable bearing capacity for the pier base.
For the pier concrete we will use /c' = 28 MPa (allowable fc is, of course, somewhat le
Allowable compressive strength= 9.333333 Mpa
RQD= 0.5 (50%)
Angle of interfriction  45 deg 0.785398 Solution. Assume from
Cohesive resistence= C= 3.5 MPa reasonably conservati
The Terzaghi shape factors are sc = 1.3
rock = 7

and sy = 0.6
Assume the unit weight of the dense rock 25.15 kN/m3.

Compute the following:


Nc = 5 tan4 45° + -~- J = 170 12.07107
Nq = tan6 (45° + -~- J= 198
N7 = Nq + 1 = 199
We will omit the soil overburden pressure to the soil-rock interface. Substituting in, and dividing
by 1000 where necessary to convert to MPa, we have

tfuit = cNcsc + qNq + Q.5yBNySy


<i W17HM % + 3.5(25.15X198) 0.5(25.15)(l)(199)(0.6)
= (3.5X170)1.3 + ^ + —
= 773.5 + 17.4 + 1.5 = 792.4MPa
Use a SF = 3 and RQD = 0.5 to obtain the reduced allowable bearing pressure as
qa = ^fl = 792.4(0.25) = 66Mpa
This appears O.K., because 66 = 2.4 X /c'
Recommend qa = 30 MPa as this is approximately f'c.
Comments. Since /c' is seldom over 40 MPa for drilled piers we see bearing capacity of rock is
seldom a controlling factor. It may be more critical for steel HP piles, however—depending on
whether one uses the actual or projected area for bearing.
y

ess).

m inspection of the rock cores that </> = 45° and take c = (both
ive—cohesion may be overly so).