Starting Systems for Aircraft Gas turbine Engines


Starting Systems An aircraft gas turbine engine starting system is a combination of two subsystems: Compressor and Turbine are turned to reach rotational speed Ignition of the the fuel/air mixture One sub-system should rotate the gas turbine to a satisfactory speed where a sufficient mass of air flows into the combustor to mix with the fuel. A second sub-system will have to ignite the fuel/air mixture and allow the engine to accelerate up to a self-sustaining speed. In order to ensure that the engine starts properly both subsystems must function correctly. 2 .

aero gas turbine starting systems have diversified although the basic procedure for starting remains the same. At some point during this acceleration. Once the igniters are operating and the engine has accelerated a little further up the rpm range the fuel can be metered to the combustion chamber. is fully automatic or requires input from the operator. The gas turbine needs to be rotated up to a speed where the ignition system will start the igniters operating. the starter will cut-out and the engine will proceed until it reaches the idle speed. This heat soak increases thermal cyclic life. Whether the aero gas turbine starting system is independent of ground equipment. Note: Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) 3 . Once at this idle speed it is usual to sustain it for a short time (a couple of minutes) to allow the gas turbine to heat soak and allow the engine components to stabilise at the running temperature. the sequence of events will follow a similar pattern (Figure 1). The gas turbine should then be able to accelerate up past the speed where the igniters will cancel with or without starter assistance.Figure 1: Starting sequence Starting sequence Over the years.

Starting systems requirements Operate autonomously In-flight relight Low weight requirement High reliability Atmospheric conditions Sustain combustion (ignition system) 4 .

starting systems types Cartridge starting system Electric starting system Hydraulic starting system Iso-propyl-nitrate starting system Gas turbine starting system Air starting system 5 .

Most common starting system.Air Starting Systems Also known as the pneumatic or airturbine starter. 6 . Advantages Light weight Simple construction Disadvantages Requires a separate air supply.

Air Starting System 7 .

The rotational power of the turbine. 8 . through the reduction gear. The most obvious is its lightweight and simple construction. The air rotates the turbine at a very high speed. a reduction gear and a clutch.The Air starter The Air starter includes a turbine with a preceding nozzle guide vane (NGV) stage. This type of starter has many advantages over other starter systems. already running main engine is directed at the correct angle to the turbine through the NGV. APU or from another. is then translated into the lower-speed high torque required to rotate the engine. High-pressure air from either a ground supply cart. A disadvantage of this starter is that it requires a separate air supply to operate although aircraft designers have accepted the integration of APU and the benefits associated with them.

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