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RAJIV GANDHI UNIVERSITY OF KNOWLEDGE TECHNOLOGIES

SUBJECT: MATHEMATICS DATE: 14-11-2010

B.TECH (BASAR): SEMESTER: I MAXIMUM MARKS: 5

(Continuous Assessment Test: 3)

Section –B (Scheme of Valuation)

1.

a. Discuss the continuity and differentiability of the function

f

at , .

((((

x, y

))))

xy

2

2

++++ y

2

==== x

0

,

,

((((

x, y

))))

((((

x, y

ππππ

((((

))))

====

0 0

,

))))

((((

0 0

,

))))

(3Marks)

Solution:

Continuity at , :

We have

| , − 0, 0 | =

_{}_{} _{} = | | ≤ _{}_{} ^{} + ^{} < ,

^{}

Whenever

Therefore,

_{}_{} ^{} + ^{} <

lim _{}_{} _{,} _{}_{} , = 0, 0

, →

Hence, , is continuous at 0, 0 .

(1 MARK)

Partial derivatives at , :

_{} 0, 0 = lim

→

_{} 0, 0 = lim

→

, ,

, ,

=

=

lim

→

lim

→

= 0

=

0

Therefore, the partial derivatives exists at 0, 0 (1 MARK)

Differentiability at , :

We have =

_{} 0, 0 ∆ +

_{} 0, 0 ∆ = 0

∆ = ∆ , ∆ − 0, 0 =

^{∆} ^{} ^{.} ^{} ^{∆} ^{}^{} ^{}

∆ ^{} ∆ ^{}

Therefore,

∆

∆

^{=}

_{}_{} _{} =

∆ ^{} ∆ ^{} ∆

∆

. ∆

^{}

∆

. ∆ ^{}

∆ ^{} ∆ ^{}

Notice that,

∆ ,∆ → , ^{}

lim

Two- Path-Test).

does not exists (by

∆

. ∆ ^{}

∆ ^{} ∆ ^{}

∆

∆

Therefore, lim

∆ →

does not exist.

This shows that , is not differentiable at 0, 0 . (1 MARK)

b. Use Taylor’s formula for , = ^{} + n to find Quadratic and Cubic polynomial approximations of near

the origin

Solution:

Given that , = ^{} ln 1 +

_{(}_{2} _{M}_{A}_{R}_{K}_{S}_{)}

⟹ _{} = ^{} ln 1 + , _{} =

^{}

_{}_{}_{}

, _{}_{} = ^{} ln 1 + , _{}_{} =

= −

^{}

_{}_{}_{}_{}_{} _{}

, _{}_{}_{} = ^{} ln 1 + , _{}_{}_{} =

^{}

^{,}

^{}

^{,}

= −

^{,} ^{} ^{}^{}^{} ^{=}

_{}_{}_{}_{}_{} _{}

(1 MARK)

Now, the Quadratic polynomial approximation is given by

, ≈ 0,0 + _{} 0,0 + _{} 0,0

+ ^{} _{}_{} ^{} _{}_{} 0,0 + 2 _{}_{} 0,0 + ^{} _{}_{} 0,0

= 0 +

. 0 + . 1 + ^{} ^{} . 0 + 2 . 1 + ^{} . −1

=

+ ^{} 2 − ^{}

The Cubic polynomial approximation is given by

, ≈ quadratic

+ _{} ^{} _{}_{}_{} 0,0 + 3 ^{} _{}_{}_{} 0,0 + 3 ^{} _{}_{}_{} 0,0 + ^{} _{}_{}_{} 0,0

= + ^{} 2 − ^{} + _{} ^{} . 0 + 3 ^{} . 1 + 3 ^{} . −1 + ^{} . 2

=

+ ^{} 2 − ^{} + _{} 3 ^{} − 3 ^{} + 2 ^{}

(1 MARK)

2.

a. Find the maximum value of = on the line of intersection of two planes

+ + = and + − =

(3 MARKS)

Solution:

We want to find the maximum value of , , = subject to the constraints _{} , , = + + − 40 = 0,

0

Now, the auxiliary function is

, , , _{} , _{} = , , + _{} _{} , , + _{} _{} , ,

_{} , , = + − =

= + _{} + + − 40 + _{} + − ,

Where _{} , _{} are Lagrange’s multipliers. The necessary conditions for extremum is

= + 0 ⇒ 0 |
……… (1) |

= + 0 ⇒ |
……… (2) |

= ⇒ + 0 |
……… (3) |

Now, (1) and (2) imply

= ⇒

− = 0 ⇒ = 0

=

(1 MARK)

Case (i):

If = 0 then from the two constraints, we get + = 40 and + = 0. Notice that these two equations are inconsistent.

Thus, it has no solution.

Case (2):

(1 MARK)

If = then from the two constraints, we get 2 + = 40 and

2 − = 0

Since = , we get = 10.

Therefore, the maximum value of is

⇒

= 20,

= 10

10 × 10 × 20 = 2000.

(1 MARK)

b. Solve: ^{} + ^{} + ^{} + =

(2 MARKS)

Solution:

The given equation is

^{} + ^{} + ^{} + 1 = 0

⟹ ^{} + 1 ^{} + 1 = 0 ⟹ ^{} = −1, ^{} = −1

Now, = −1 = cos + sin and

= cos

+ sin

, = 0,1,2 …

= 0

⟹ cos ^{} + sin ^{}

=

_{√}

= 1 ⟹

cos + sin = −1

= 2 ⟹ cos ^{}^{} + sin ^{}^{}

=

_{√}

Further, ^{} = −1 ⟹ = −1 = cos + sin (1 MARK)

and = cos ^{}^{}^{}^{}^{}^{}^{}

+ sin

, = 0,1,2,3

= 0

⟹ cos ^{} + sin ^{}

^{=}

√

= 1 ⟹

cos ^{}^{} + sin ^{}^{}

^{=}

= 2 ⟹ cos ^{}^{} +

sin ^{}^{}

_{}

= −

= 3

⟹ cos + sin

=

√

−1, √

Thus, √

,

,

,

√

the given equation

, −

are the roots of (1 MARK)

,

√

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