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RAJIV GANDHI UNIVERSITY OF KNOWLEDGE TECHNOLOGIES

SUBJECT: MATHEMATICS DATE: 14-11-2010

B.TECH (BASAR): SEMESTER: I MAXIMUM MARKS: 5

(Continuous Assessment Test: 3)

Section –B (Scheme of Valuation)

1.

a. Discuss the continuity and differentiability of the function

f

at , .

((((

x, y

))))

 

xy

2

2

++++ y

2

====  x  

0

,

,

((((

x, y

))))

((((

x, y

ππππ

((((

))))

====

0 0

,

))))

((((

0 0

,

))))

(3Marks)

Solution:

Continuity at , :

We have

| , 0, 0 | =

= | | ≤ + < ,

Whenever

Therefore,

+ <

lim , , = 0, 0

,

Hence, , is continuous at 0, 0 .

(1 MARK)

Partial derivatives at , :

0, 0 = lim

0, 0 = lim

, ,

, ,

=

=

lim

lim

= 0

=

0

Therefore, the partial derivatives exists at 0, 0 (1 MARK)

Differentiability at , :

We have =

0, 0 +

0, 0 = 0

= , ∆ 0, 0 =

.

Therefore,

=

=

.

.

Notice that,

,∆ ,

lim

Two- Path-Test).

does not exists (by

.

Therefore, lim

does not exist.

This shows that , is not differentiable at 0, 0 . (1 MARK)

b. Use Taylor’s formula for , = + n to find Quadratic and Cubic polynomial approximations of near

the origin

Solution:

Given that , = ln 1 +

(2 MARKS)

= ln 1 + , =

, = ln 1 + , =

= −

, = ln 1 + , =

,

,

= −

, =

(1 MARK)

Now, the Quadratic polynomial approximation is given by

, 0,0 + 0,0 + 0,0

+ 0,0 + 2 0,0 + 0,0

= 0 +

. 0 + . 1 + . 0 + 2 . 1 + . −1

=

+ 2

The Cubic polynomial approximation is given by

+ 0,0 + 3 0,0 + 3 0,0 + 0,0

= + 2 + . 0 + 3 . 1 + 3 . −1 + . 2

=

+ 2 + 3 − 3 + 2

(1 MARK)

2.

a. Find the maximum value of = on the line of intersection of two planes

+ + = and + =

(3 MARKS)

Solution:

We want to find the maximum value of , , = subject to the constraints , , = + + − 40 = 0,

0

Now, the auxiliary function is

, , , , = , , + , , + , ,

, , = + =

= + + + − 40 + + ,

Where , are Lagrange’s multipliers. The necessary conditions for extremum is

 = + + = 0 ⇒ 0 ……… (1) = + + = 0 0 ⇒ ……… (2) = ⇒ + − = 0 0 ……… (3)

Now, (1) and (2) imply

=

= 0 ⇒ = 0

=

(1 MARK)

Case (i):

If = 0 then from the two constraints, we get + = 40 and + = 0. Notice that these two equations are inconsistent.

Thus, it has no solution.

Case (2):

(1 MARK)

If = then from the two constraints, we get 2 + = 40 and

2 = 0

Since = , we get = 10.

Therefore, the maximum value of is

= 20,

= 10

10 × 10 × 20 = 2000.

(1 MARK)

b. Solve: + + + =

(2 MARKS)

Solution:

The given equation is

+ + + 1 = 0

+ 1 + 1 = 0 ⟹ = −1, = −1

Now, = −1 = cos + sin and

= cos

+ sin

, = 0,1,2 …

= 0

⟹ cos + sin

=

= 1 ⟹

cos + sin = −1

= 2 ⟹ cos + sin

=

Further, = −1 ⟹ = −1 = cos + sin (1 MARK)

and = cos

+ sin

, = 0,1,2,3

= 0

⟹ cos + sin

=

= 1 ⟹

cos + sin

=

= 2 ⟹ cos +

sin

= −

= 3
⟹ cos + sin
=
−1, √
Thus, √
,
,
,

the given equation

,

are the roots of (1 MARK)

,