Bhagavad-Gita, The

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scanning machines. *END*THE SMALL PRINT! FOR PUBLIC DOMAIN ETEXTS*Ver. and the Supreme Being Under the Form of Krishna Translated from the Sanskrit Text by Sir Edwin Arnold. For England.I.04. Royalties are payable to "Project Gutenberg Association/Carnegie-Mellon University" within the 60 days following each date you prepare (or were legally required to prepare) your annual (or equivalent periodic) tax return..--its hidden mystery. It enjoys immense popularity and authority in India. O our India! as dear to me as She! EDWIN ARNOLD PREFACE This famous and marvellous Sanskrit poem occurs as an episode of the Mahabharata.A.a copy of the etext in its original plain ASCII form (or in EBCDIC or other equivalent proprietary form). after . Ltd. time.29. By Krishna and Prince Arjun held. New York Truslove. and the Vedas. in the sixth--or "Bhishma"--Parva of the great Hindoo epic. Hanson & Comba. that Schlegel. In plain but noble language it unfolds a philosophical system which remains to this day the prevailing Brahmanic belief. discoursing each with each. [3] Pay a trademark license fee to the Project of 20% of the net profits you derive calculated using the method you already use to calculate your applicable taxes. so pure and tender its piety. Money should be paid to "Project Gutenberg Association / Carnegie-Mellon University". where it is reckoned as one of the ``Five Jewels. so sublime its aspirations.C. or Bhagavad-Gita (From the Mahabharata) Being a Discourse Between Arjuna. 67 Fifth Avenue 1900 Dedication TO INDIA So have I read this wonderful and spirit-thrilling speech.I. royalty free copyright licenses. M.E. Patanjali."--pancharatnani--of Devanagiri literature. and every other sort of contribution you can think of. K. public domain etexts. [2] Honor the etext refund and replacement provisions of this "Small Print!" statement. blending as it does the doctrines of Kapila. So lofty are many of its declarations. WHAT IF YOU *WANT* TO SEND MONEY EVEN IF YOU DON'T HAVE TO? The Project gratefully accepts contributions in money. no royalty is due. If you don't derive profits. C..S. So have I writ its wisdom here. Prince of India.93*END* The Song Celestial. OCR software.

For the most part. Vates sanctissime. and indeed. carminis bujus auctor. tends to place its composition at about the third century after Christ. I believe the sense to be faithfully preserved in the following pages. Ergo te primum. inquam. however. and of the Syrian incarnation.his study of the poem. with Krishna. changing into lyrical measures where the text itself similarly breaks. This raises the question of its date. Thomson and Mr Davies. The poem has been turned into French by Burnouf.S. breaks forth into this outburst of delight and praise towards its unknown author: "Magistrorum reverentia a Brachmanis inter sanctissima pietatis officia refertur.. and because English literature would certainly be incomplete without possessing in popular form a poetical and philosophical work so dear to India. into Latin by Lassen. et vestigia tua semper adore. and into English by Mr. into Italian by Stanislav Gatti. but Schlegel himself had to say: "In reconditioribus me semper poetafoster mentem recte divinasse affirmare non ausim. I have therefore cast it into our flexible blank verse. the brother of King Yudhisthira. wearing the disguise of a charioteer. EDWIN ARNOLD. which cannot be successfully reproduced for Western ears. CONTENTS .quaeque. It must have been inlaid into the ancient epic at a period later than that of the original Mahabharata. it is in grateful recognition of the help derived from their labours. Numinisque hypopheta! quisquis tandem inter mortales dictus tu fueris. C. and this conversation is maintained in a war-chariot drawn up between the opposing hosts." Those who would read more upon the philosophy of the poem may find an admirable introduction in the volume of Mr Davies.." Lassen re-echoes this splendid tribute. into Greek by Galanos. the prose transcript of the last-named being truly beyond praise for its fidelity and clearness. but not conveying the dignity or grace of the original. Its simple plot consists of a dialogue held by Prince Arjuna. If I venture to offer a translation of the wonderful poem after so many superior scholars. eminently learned and intelligent. The weight of evidence.between its teachings and those of the New Testament.I. printed by Messrs Trubner & Co. cujus oraculis mens ad excelsa quaeque. so striking are some of the moralities here inculcated. Its scene is the level country between the Jumna and the Sarsooti rivers-now Kurnul and Jheend. A great battle is impending between the armies of the Kauravas and Pandavas. the Supreme Deity. salvere jubeo. that a controversy has arisen between Pandits and Missionaries on the point whether the author borrowed from Christian sources. Mr Telang has also published at Bombay a version in colloquial rhythm. cum inenarraoih quddam delectatione rapitur-te primum. There is little else to say which the "Song Celestial" does not explain for itself. which cannot be positively settled. and so close the parallelism--ofttimes actually verbal-. aeterna atque divina. but Mr Kasinath Telang has offered some fair arguments to prove it anterior to the Christian era. The Sanskrit original is written in the Anushtubh metre. and perhaps there are really echoes in this Brahmanic poem of the lessons of Galilee. or the Evangelists and Apostles from him.

RELIGION BY THE KINGLY KNOWLEDGE AND THE KINGLY MYSTERY X.-all famed! All mounted on their shining chariots! On our side. eminent upon his car. Virata. Trumpets and drums. with knotted locks. as the blasts Of loosened tempest. each with his weapon grasped. Benders of bows. Yuyudhan. RELIGION BY SEPARATION FROM THE QUALITIES XV. RELIGION BY THE THREEFOLD FAITH XVIII. rolling around Like to a lion's roar.I. Kasi's stout lord. Guru! see this line. RELIGION BY SERVICE OF THE SUPREME IX. Sanjaya! say What wrought my people. Vikarna. Kripa fierce in fight. ready this day to die For me their king. RELIGION BY THE HEAVENLY PERFECTIONS XI. Drupada.Wolf-bellied Bhima-blew a long reed-conch. THE BOOK OF DOCTRINES III. Arjuna at his side: Krishna. Dhrishtaket. And spake these words: "Ah. at the signal of the aged king. something too strong! Have care our captains nigh to Bhishma's ranks Prepare what help they may! Now. Thy scholar in the war! Therein stand ranked Chiefs like Arjuna. and the Pandavas? Sanjaya: When he beheld the host of Pandavas. Bhima the terrible-. Chekitan. Whose names I joy to count: thyself the first.Our battle shows where Bhishma holds command. VIRTUE IN WORK IV. like to Bhima chiefs.On Kurukshetra--say. Raja Duryodhana to Drona drew. commanders of my line. the trumpeter Blew the great Conch. RELIGION OF FAITH XIII. With blare to wake the blood. THE MANIFESTING OF THE ONE AND MANIFOLD XII. and. THE DISTRESS OF ARJUNA II. with full many more Valiant and tried. at the noise of it. upon their car of gold Yoked with white steeds. Kuntibhoj. and Drupadi's. such the tumult seemed! Then might be seen. How vast it is of Pandu fighting-men. . cymbals and gongs and horns Burst into sudden clamour. Embattled by the son of Drupada. RELIGION BY DELIVERANCE AND RENUNCIATION CHAPTER I Dhritirashtra: Ranged thus for battle on the sacred plain-. Aswatthaman. RELIGION BY SELF-RESTRAINT VII. And Bhima. next to these Strong Saumadatti. Karna. fronting him. RELIGION OF RENOUNCING WORKS VI. Each skilful in the field. blow my shell!" Then. and Saivya. Then Bhishma. RELIGION BY SEPARATION OF MATTER AND SPIRIT XIV.--thou best of Brahmans! see Excellent chiefs. THE RELIGION OF KNOWLEDGE V. blew his great conch Carved of the "Giant's bone. Krishna the God. too. Weakest-meseems." Arjuna blew Indra's loud gift. THE SEPARATENESS OF THE DIVINE AND UNDIVINE XVII. and Uttamauj Subhadra's child. Purujit. RELIGION BY ATTAINING THE SUPREME XVI. RELIGION BY DISCERNMENT VIII. blowing their battle-shells. With Yudhamanyu.

my tongue dries in my mouth. How should not we. Grandsires and sires. and my hair Bristles with horror. And-rites neglected. and fathers-in-law. or will not see.And Yudhisthira. what rule recompense. then. What peace could come of that. in war's arbitrament. hardly may I stand. For whose sake life was fair. bought with such blood? Seeing that these stand here. mixed With friends and honoured elders. Drupada. (O Lord of Earth!) Long-armed Subhadra's children. the war Instant to break-Arjun.We who perceive the guilt and feel the shame-. Winded a mighty shell. O Madhusudan! will I strike to gain The rule of all Three Worlds." Sahadev on his Called"Gem-bedecked.O thou Delight of Men. bows drawn forth. Dhrishtadyumn. Its women grow unwomaned. blinded by lust and wrath.and their Lords. come here to shed Their common blood. by Arjuna prayed. Then 'twas. O Keshav! nought of good Can spring from mutual slaughter! Lo. O Madhava? For if indeed. Virata. with his sons. ready to die. sires. Such kith grown enemies-Arjuna's heart Melted with pity. My members fail. Sending a Hell-ward road that family. yon concourse of our kin. Thy kindred of the Kurus:" and the Prince Marked on each hand the kinsmen of his house. a fever burns My skin to parching. the sin Of kingly lines o'erthrown and kinsmen slain. reining its milk-white steeds Where Bhishma led. Thus sadly won! Aho! what victory Can bring delight. what span Of life itself seem sweet. (O Bharata!) Between the hosts that heavenly Charioteer Drove the bright car. Sikhandi on his car. Krishna! If they be Guilty. seeing those opposed. if we shall slay Those sons of Dhritirashtra. the goodly bow. how much less To seize an earthly kingdom! Killing these Must breed but anguish. "See!" spake he to Arjuna." Thus. I would see more nigh These who will fight with us. and sons-in-law.Beholding Dhritirashtra's battle set. wealth and ease. So that the clangour shook their foemen's hearts. and the souls of honoured ancestors Fall from their place of peace. Weapons unsheathing." and Kasi's Prince on his. On bloodshed all are bent who throng this plain. Cousins and sons-in-law and nephews. Krishna! as I behold. shun such a crime-. Their sins will light on us. Janardana? By overthrow of houses perisheth Their sweet continuous household piety. Elders and friends! Shall I deal death on these Even though they seek to slay us? Not one blow. uncles and brothers and sons. Satyaki the Unsubdued. The life within me seems to swim and faint.Enters impiety upon that home. Govinda! what rich spoils Could profit. sure. for. while he uttered this: Arjuna. whence there spring Mad passions. Nothing do I foresee save woe and wail! It is not good. "Victory's Voice." And Nakula blew shrill upon his conch Named the "Sweet-sounding. and sons. who see. With quaking earth and thundering heav'n. from my weak hand slips Gandiv. Nay. his charioteer: "Drive. I hate Triumph and domination. those we must slay To-day. being bereft Of funeral-cakes and the wan death-water. whose ensign-badge Was Hanuman the monkey. we shall grow guilty by their deaths.[FN#1] So teach our holy . Kunti's blameless son. And whoso wrought its doom by wicked wrath.and Drona. piety extinct-. Obeying Dhritirashtra's sinful son. some this side. Some that side ranged: and. Brothers. Dauntless One! to yonder open ground Betwixt the armies. These cannot see. and our kin. And power grew precious:-grandsires. and pleasure pleased. "where they stand. A shudder thrills my body. spake this thing To Krishna the Divine. all blew loud. and the mingling-up of castes.

hymns. filled with such compassion and such grief. and bare my breast To shaft and spear. If I were earth's unchallenged chief-. How hath this weakness taken thee? Whence springs The inglorious trouble. lives always! To man's frame As there come infancy and youth and age. nor any one of these. Thou grievest where no grief should be! thou speak'st Words lacking wisdom! for the wise in heart Mourn not for those that live. than answer blow with blow. To face them weaponless. and fear not. if my kinsmen strike. All. Ahovat! what an evil fault it were! Better I deem it. thus addressed: Krishna. Than taste their blood in rich feasts spread." CHAPTER II Sanjaya. And guiltily survive! Ah! were it worse-who knows?--to be Victor or vanquished here. thrilling to the elements-- .A god--and these gone thence! Sanjaya. shoot with shafts On Bhishma. Ever was not. Scourge of thy Foes! Arjuna. Which the wise know. This that irks-. With eyes tear-dimmed. in the face of those two hosts. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. And sighing. My thoughts-distracted-turn To Thee. if we slay Kinsfolk and friends for love of earthly power. in stern words The Driver. Thus. that doth live." Or "The Book of the Distress of Arjuna. Him. Krishna made answer in divinest verse: Krishna. nor those that die. (O Bharata! ) While the Prince wept despairing 'twixt those hosts. Nor I. So spake Arjuna to the Lord of Hearts.Both worshipful. by doubtings tossed. Arjuna sank upon his chariot-seat. So come there raisings-up and layings-down Of other and of other life-abodes. sick at heart. despondent. And let fall bow and arrows. nor ever will not be. in the battle. Arjun! Forbid thyself to feebleness! it mars Thy warrior-name! cast off the coward-fit! Wake! Be thyself! Arise."I will not fight!" held silence then. with tender smile. So speaking. For ever and for ever afterwards.Thy sense-life. Madhusudan. That I may counsel learn: I know not what would heal the grief Burned into soul and sense. the Guide I reverence most. Barring the path of virtue? Nay. When those confront us angrily Whose death leaves living drear? In pity lost. shameful to the brave. HERE ENDETH CHAPTER I. To whom. How can I. both honourable men? Better to live on beggar's bread With those we love alive. or on Drona-O thou Chief!-. nor thou. Entitled "Arjun-Vishad.

"These will I wear to-day!" So putteth by the spirit Lightly its garb of flesh. thou bidd'st Duty and task go by--that shall be sin! And those to come shall speak thee infamy From age to age. And taking new ones. I say to thee weapons reach not the Life. Lives in the life undying! That which is Can never cease to be. the spirit shall cease to be never. spreading life through all. sure. or caused to kill?" Nay. unassailed. Glorious and fair. the end of death Is birth: this is ordained! and mournest thou. "I have killed a man. Flame burns it not. sayeth. to speak upon! Strange and great for tongue to relate. Substance from shadow.Bringing thee heat and cold. if thou hearest that the man new-dead Is. Immortal. stable. When seeing. Immortal. to contemplate! Difficult. what fate could fall More grievously than this? Either--being killed-- . But.--grieve when thou shouldst not grieve? How. But for these fleeting frames which it informs With spirit deathless. what a marvel it is. And passeth to inherit A residence afresh. then. It cannot anywhere. but as when one layeth His worn-out robes away. opening for him A gateway unto Heav'n. then. but infamy is worse For men of noble blood to bear than death! The chiefs upon their battle-chariots Will deem 'twas fear that drove thee from the fray. ineffable. Prince! As the wise bear. Learn thou! the Life is. still living man-. all-arriving. untouched. my Prince! Hides beyond harm. to mock The valour which thou hadst. by any means. self-sustained. by word And thought uncompassed. wistful. endless. ever all itself. like the man new-born.If.Knowing it so. "Lo! I am slain!" those both Know naught! Life cannot slay. Life is not slain! Never the spirit was born.--shall such Say. if thou shunn'st This honourable field--a Kshattriya-. Indestructible. Be anywise diminished. dead though the house of it seems! Who knoweth it exhaustless. happy the warrior To whom comes joy of battle--comes. waters cannot o'erwhelm. as now. The soul which is not moved. Nor dry winds wither it. End and Beginning are dreams! Birthless and deathless and changeless remaineth the spirit for ever. indestructible. Invisible. "Lo! I have slain a man!" He who shall think. unharmed. infinite. beings perceive: What is there sorrowful herein. Prince! and fight! He who shall say. To see this truth of both Is theirs who part essence from accident. existent Spirit--wilt thou weep? The end of birth is death.One same. They perish. 'Tis brief and mutable! Bear with it. For that which cannot suffer. sorrows and joys. and saying. dear Prince? Wonderful. Death hath not touched it at all. The soul that with a strong and constant calm Takes sorrow and takes joy indifferently. Unentered. the death Comes unperceived. and hearing are done! This Life within all living things. stayed. between them. Do thy part! Be mindful of thy name. Of those who held thee mighty-souled the scorn Thou must abide. Thus is the Soul declared! How wilt thou. and tremble not! Nought better can betide a martial soul Than lawful war. Let them perish. unsought. that which is not Will not exist. Never was time it was not. while all thine enemies Will scatter bitter speech of thee. or changed. Chief of the stalwart arm! for what befalls Which could not otherwise befall? The birth Of living things comes unperceived.-. knowing thy duty and thy task. scorn thou to suffer. Impenetrable. Mystical hearing for every one! Nor wotteth man this. doubtful.

From Veds.Finds in his soul full comfort for his soul. in doctrinal writ. satisfied![FN#3] Look! like as when a tank pours water forth To suit all needs. Therefore. saying. Arjuna! simple." being weak at heart With wants. and the right-hearted rise-. but wrongful deem The speech of those ill-taught ones who extol The letter of their Vedas. gird thee to the fight. "This Is all we have. Glory of the Kurus! shines one rule-. is piety! Yet. who wealth and power do most desire Least fixity of soul have such. No loss be feared: faith--yea. nerve thy heart to meet-. He hath attained the Yog--that man is such! In sorrows not dejected. . the bondage of wrought deeds. But thou. And live in action! Labour! Make thine acts Thy piety. Much these teach." But thou. dwelling outside the stress Of passion. not the fruit which comes from them. Albeit. have there thy heaven! Scorn them that follow virtue for her gifts! The mind of pure devotion--even here-. step by step. Specious. far less. thou Son of Kunti! brace Thine arm for conflict. Contemning gain and merit.More certainly because they seek no gain-. then shall it soar To high neglect of what's denied or said. so do these Brahmans draw Text for all wants from tank of Holy Writ. Troubled no longer by the priestly lore.Casts equally aside good deeds and bad. no hope marred. This way or that way. arise.Shall save thee from the anguish of thy dread. equable In good or evil: equability Is Yog. Here shall no end be hindered."[FN#2] and free From that sad righteousness which calculates. than the right-thinking mind. seekers of Heaven: which comes--they say-." Free of the "pairs of opposites. thou shalt burst Thy Karmabandh. my Prince! Hath wisdom's mark! Things that solicit sense Hold off from the self-governed. such an one. Unto pure devotion Devote thyself: with perfect meditation Comes perfect act. be free of the "three qualities. or--alive And victor--thou wilt reign an earthly king. casting all self aside. victory or defeat: So minded. least hold On heavenly meditation. This is Yog--and Peace! Arjuna. steadfastly bent On meditation. moves he Like other men? Krishna. What is his mark who hath that steadfast heart." promising men Much profit in new births for works of faith. In various rites abounding. and sure.Thou wilt win Swarga's safety. for so Thou shalt not sin! Thus far I speak to thee As from the "Sankhya"--unspiritually-. Passing above them. following whereon Large merit shall accrue towards wealth and power.As "fruit of good deeds done. Self-ruled. want not! ask not! Find full reward Of doing right in right! Let right deeds be Thy motive. fixed in calms Of lofty contemplation. and anger. Profit or ruin.Hear now the deeper teaching of the Yog. To highest seats of bliss. or need. Which holding. his five frail senses back Under the spirit's buckler from the world Which else assails them. such Bears wisdom's plainest mark! He who shall draw As the wise tortoise draws its four feet safe Under its shield. understanding. When one. fear. is the Sage.--such an one Is Muni. When thy firm soul Hath shaken off those tangled oracles Which ignorantly guide.Forth from the bands of body. O Pritha's Son! Abandoning desires which shake the mind-. Seek refuge in thy soul. the true Recluse! He who to none and nowhere overbound By ties of flesh.One steadfast rule--while shifting souls have laws Many and hard.As things alike to thee--pleasure or pain. Kesava? Sits he. Here. takes evil things and good Neither desponding nor exulting. and in joys Not overjoyed. concerning the "three qualities. the right act Is less. Safe shall it live. a little faith-. Confirmed in holy meditation? How Know we his speech.

which rests serenely lord. Entitled "Sankhya-Yog. HERE ENDETH CHAPTER II." Toucheth tranquillity! O Pritha's Son! That is the state of Brahm! There rests no dread When that last step is reached! Live where he will. They leave him as they find. The soul of the ungoverned is not his. and man are all undone. Let him regain His kingdom! let him conquer this. passion breeds Recklessness. if one deals with objects of the sense Not loving and not hating. And out of that tranquillity shall rise The end and healing of his earthly pains. not servant. Till purpose. To blest Nirvana. but unswelled by those. Lo! such a man comes to tranquillity. from passion. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. set free From pride. Whence shall he hope for happiness? The mind That gives itself to follow shows of sense Seeth its helm of wisdom rent away. thick night of ignorance. But. day by day receiving Floods from all lands.Only with him who holds his mastery. like a ship in waves of whirlwind. drives To wreck and death. Thou whom all mortals praise. What is midnight-gloom To unenlightened souls shines wakeful day To his clear gaze. such passeth from all 'plaining. Desire flames to fierce passion.nay." CHAPTER III Arjuna. attaining. there springs Attraction. and sit On Me intent." Or "The Book of Doctrines. Such is the Saint! And like the ocean. Taking their tribute. Die when he may. mind. without commotion.Lets noble purpose go. which never overflows Its boundary-line not leaping. and not leaving. of his lusts. making them Serve his free soul. what seems as wakeful day Is known for night. with the Gods. it comes. wanting that. but remaining sea.--aroused no more. Since the will governed sets the soul at peace. How grows serenity? and. The appetites of him who lives beyond Depart. great Prince! Whose senses are not swayed by things of sense-.-So is the perfect one! to his soul's ocean The world of sense pours streams of witchery. Janardana! If meditation be a nobler thing Than . O Son of Kunti! that a governed mind Shall some time feel the sense-storms sweep. Only with him. and saps the mind. Nor hath he knowledge of himself. Yet may it chance. from the sin of "Self. To his true-seeing eyes. Yea! whoso. which lacked. That man alone is wise Who keeps the mastery of himself! If one Ponders on objects of the sense. Fed by the rivers. shaking off the yoke of flesh Lives lord. And. from attraction grows desire. and wrest Strong self-control by the roots. then the memory--all betrayed-. Shows wisdom perfect.

thy task prescribed With spirit unattached gladly perform. then. rendering to kindly Heaven No gift of toil. with unyoked soul. nothing achieved. Unlike world-binding toil. who is One. Not seeking gain. Existing for himself. Thus action is of Brahma. lives a lost life. cheated by self. I told thee. the sacrifice-. Since in performance of plain duty man Mounts to his highest bliss. nay. Rests any actionless. The fool. So let the enlightened toil. And sacrifice is paid with tithes of toil. for the upholding of thy kind. no height Awaits to scale. that thief steals from his world. Glutting his idle sense. Plays the inept and guilty hypocrite: But he who. The Only. even unwilling. And. which doth save in way of works Prescribed[FN#4] by reason."Do this! Work! sacrifice! Increase and multiply With sacrifice! This shall be Kamaduk. Nay. There is a task of holiness to do. thinks. if I acted not-Earnest and watchful--those that look to me For guidance. and none shall come By mere renouncements unto perfectness. serving self alone. sinking back to sloth again Because I slumbered. By food the living live. next.' giving back her milk Of all abundance. By what road shall I find the better end? Krishna. which bids Attain by meditation. And I should break earth's order and commit Her offspring unto ruin. at all times Present in sacrifice. no hope Of help for all the living things of earth Depends from him. He who sits Suppressing all the instruments of flesh. Not sowing in those simple. Nought wrought or unwrought toucheth him. when all men were made. The gods shall yield thee grace. No part hath he in aught. By works alone Janak and ancient saints reached blessedness! Moreover. [For thought is act in fancy]. What the wise choose The unwise people take. But if one eats Fruits of the earth. with mankind. Bharata! Even as the unknowing toil. All things are everywhere by Nature wrought In interaction of the qualities.action. Do thine allotted task! Work is more excellent than idleness." Who eat of food after their sacrifice Are quit of fault. Your 'Cow of Plenty. Look on me. He that abstains To help the rolling wheels of this great world. Worship the gods thereby. Spake Prajapati-. at any time. Thou Son of Pritha! in the three wide worlds I am not bound to any toil. but they that spread a feast All for themselves. and thou shalt well perform Thy heavenly purpose. great Kesava! Dost thou impel me to this dreadful fight? Now am I by thy doubtful speech disturbed! Tell me one thing. Yet I act here! and. Self-concentrated. food comes of rain. Action thou should'st embrace. "This I did" And "That I . when it pays Tithes in the altar-flame.[FN#5] Therefore. sense-freed. what best men do The multitude will follow. First The Sankhya's. and its bliss. with strong body serving mind. into act. wedded to sense. Shameful and vain. blameless Lord! there be two paths Shown to this world.In the beginning. lacking work. which bindeth not The faithful soul. Arjuna! such an one Is honourable. And rain comes by the pious sacrifice. Those meats ye crave The gods will grant to Labour. Yea! let each play his part In all he finds to do. busy hearts Seed of despair. wherefore. his nature's law Compels him. no gift remains to gain. The body's life proceeds not. Yet in his idle heart thinking on them. All-pervading. but set To bring the world deliverance. two schools of wisdom. would decline from good. and no jot of time. such earthly duty do Free from desire. and tell me certainly. spiritually: Yet these are one! No man shall 'scape from act By shunning action. eat sin and drink of sin. Gives up his mortal powers to worthy work. the Yog.

Kama it is! Passion it is! born of the Darknesses. knowing them enemies. unwilling. Standeth aloof even from his acts. he To Ikshwaku. The wise fall. this deep union. knowing not Nature's way. as clinging rust Mars the bright mirror. dear Hero! slay What haunts thee in fond shapes. that one do His own task as he may. caught in it. This deathless Yoga. so passed it down the line Of all my . having the light. thou noblest child of Bharata! Govern thy heart! Constrain th' entangled sense! Resist the false. O Kunti's Son! Are booty for it. subtle as a flame. and fall to loss. though they seem good.A better-lessoned mind. know nought. in vain Contending 'gainst the law. for My sake. Confused and foolish. this is better. beguiling. But those who disregard My ordinance.[FN#6] the Lord of Light. Th' untaught Live mixed with them. knowing the play Of visible things within the world of sense. Teacher! by what force doth man Go to his ill. and high o'er all the ruling Soul. in its play with these It maddens man. Put forth full force of Soul in thy own soul! Fight! vanquish foes and doubts. "but--ah. thou strong-armed Prince!-. Fair but deceitful. as the womb surrounds The babe unborn. But who seeks other roads shall wander still. the world is strong. Needs must it be The objects of the sense will stir the sense To like and dislike. Which pusheth him. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. as if one Pushed him that evil path? Krishna. yet th' enlightened man Yields not to these. And how the qualities must qualify. Seeking no profit. and reason--these. Wherefore. Finally. slow and dull. serene. With meditation centred inwardly. the unresting foe It is of wisdom. 'Sooth. Than take tasks not his own. the instructed one Doth of his kind. But what discerns it stronger. I taught Vivaswata. mind. enclosed in this desire of flesh. Therefore. To die performing duty is no ill. and strong is this!--man's enemy! As smoke blots the white fire. satisfied. soiled. the wise and willing hearts. blinding him. even though he fail. Mighty of appetite. following what fits him most: And lower creatures of their kind. soft sinfulness which saps Knowledge and judgment! Yea.wrought. Entitled "Karma-Yog. Arjuna. and would betray! HERE ENDETH CHAPTER III. Thinking they know. Yet tell me. But all thy dues discharging. and the mind Strongest. perceiving Him who reigns supreme." CHAPTER IV Krishna. Vivaswata to Manu gave it. Sense. Sinful. Of highest aims unwitting. Those make thou not to stumble. Have quittance from all issue of their acts. so is the world of things Foiled." Or "The Book of Virtue in Work. Heedless of issue--fight! They who shall keep My ordinance thus. wearing countless forms.

Whose crave is gone. he hath the truth! He doeth well. so perceiving. in white flame of continence. thou shalt learn which work doth save Needs must one rightly meditate those three-. Unmoved by joy. Always self-satisfying. The Lord of all things living. the fire is Brahm. Here Thorny and dark the path is! He who sees How action may be rest. And bright Vivaswata's preceded time! How shall I comprehend this thing thou sayest. make sacrifice Now. from desire. delights of eye and ear. Some votaries there be who serve the gods With flesh and altar-smoke. When Righteousness Declines. always content. Freed In all his works from prickings of desire. Who knows the truth touching my births on earth And my divine work. by grief unmoved. keeping their hearts Fixed upon me--my Faithful--purified By sacred flame of Knowledge. to the lower gods.By Maya. indestructible. all those saints of old Worked. . was in these later days. action binds not him. falls no more down To earthly birth: to Me he comes. and take Visible shape. Manifold the renewals of my birth Have been. Of the which be they Who. unenvyingly. but other some Who. Such as these Mix with my being. I that live Immortally. in such office. Yea. from age to age. and such an one. knowing. From anger.Seeing I find thee votary and friend. Arjuna! and of thy births. the same In good and evil fortunes. the ghee and grain Are Brahm. nowise bound By bond of deeds. make purer rite With will of worship. whose soul is liberate. and portioned them a place After their qualities and gifts. in the days gone by. undying. but of such an one. And what inaction? "I will teach thee this. Work thou As. I say to thee Here have they their reward. thy fathers did. But I am He Made the Four Castes. and move a man with men. "From the beginning it was I who taught?" Krishna. I rise. Then. the flesh it eats Is Brahm. O Bharata! when Wickedness Is strong. And setting Virtue on her seat again. Nay. dear Prince! Many there be who come! from fear set free. The wise call that man wise. if he works. with equal calm Taking what may befall. Doth nothing that shall stain his separate soul. the primal vast-. Burned clean in act by the white fire of truth. Which passeth purely into ash and smoke Consumed upon the altar! All's then God! The sacrifice is Brahm.--not doing. The truth grew dim and perished. "What is act. I Created.[FN#7] Who knows me acting thus Unchained by action. and thine thou knowest not. And. lighting subtler fires.Rejecting outward impulse--yielding up To body's need nothing save body.I come. not the less-. And. being works Wrought uninvolved. Thou sayst.Doing. seeking for deliverance. too! But mine I know. consume Joys of the sense. by my magic which I stamp On floating Nature-forms. those souls Which seek reward for works. meditates on Brahm. rest action--he Is wisest 'mid his kind.royal Rishis. with years. Renouncing fruit of deeds. Which--quit of fear and hope--subduing self-. noble Prince! Now once again to thee it is declared-. dear Lord.--and undoing. dwells Sinless amid all sin. albeit. and go. Whose heart is set on truth--of such an one What work he does is work of sacrifice. the Reposeful. and come. Succouring the good. O Slayer of thy Foes! Albeit I be Unborn. acting or resting. Whoso worship me. when he quits the flesh Puts on its load no more. Them I exalt. Thy birth. this mystery supreme-. but all men everywhere Shall fall into my path. thrusting the evil back.This ancient lore. It hath been asked before By singers and by sages. and unto Brahm attaineth he Who. made all those mortal births: For works soil not my essence. perplexed. Arjuna.

" CHAPTER V Arjuna. thy heart no more Will ache with error. But those untaught. O thou Glory of thy Line? In sight of Brahma all these offerings Are spread and are accepted! Comprehend That all proceed by act. my Prince! Works fetter him no more! Cut then atwain With sword of wisdom. Arjuna! unto nought The flame of Knowledge wastes works' dross away! There is no purifier like thereto In all this world. Their penance. soul from works. no peace is here or other where. and he who seeketh it Shall find it--being grown perfect--in himself. and comes-. And breathe it forth to waft the heart on high. Governing the ventage of each entering air Lest one sigh pass which helpeth not the soul: And they who.Forgoing tender speech and sound of song: And they who. No hope. And those without full faith. by strong search. since gifts' worth--O my Prince! Lies in the mind which gives. kindling fires with torch of Truth. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. their lore Painfully gained with long austerities: And they who. day by day denying needs. Yet. Lo! all these keep The rite of offering. Burning the body wan. The sacrifice Which Knowledge pays is better than great gifts Offered by wealth. Believing. to Brahma pass. Yea! and who feed on the immortal food Left of such sacrifice. Draw in their breath to feed the flame of thought. Son of Pandu! wert thou worst Of all wrong-doers. By humble heed of those who see the Truth And teach it. and cleaves to Truth. renouncing happiness: And they who lay for offering there their wealth. Burn on a hidden altar-stone the bliss Of youth and love. and all thereby efface much sin. being self-contained. nor happiness for whoso doubts. Disparting self from service. at another . Lay life itself upon the altar-flame. piety. as thou to Me. Krishna! at the one time thou dost laud Surcease of works. and. To The Unending." Or "The Book of the Religion of Knowledge. Moreover. he receives it when the soul Masters itself. Entitled "Jnana Yog. for the Truth shall show All things subdued to thee. Enlightened and emancipate. meditation. As the kindled flame Feeds on the fuel till it sinks to ash. But for him that makes No sacrifice. He that. Son of Bharata! This doubt that binds thy heart-beats! cleave the bond Born of thy ignorance! Be bold and wise! Give thyself to the field with me! Arise! HERE ENDETH CHAPTER IV. hath vanquished doubt. the will that serves: And these are gained by reverence. making silent sacrifice. and those who fear Are shent.Possessing knowledge--to the higher peace. The uttermost repose. So unto ash. Thou shalt be quit of doubt. Their steadfast reading of the scrolls. as if they slew Victims. for knowing this. he hath nor part nor lot Even in the present world. Knowing Truth. How should he share Another. this fair ship of Truth Should bear thee safe and dry across the sea Of thy transgressions.

Whoso is fixed in holiness. The world of sense can no more stain his soul Than waters mar th' enamelled lotus-leaf. Nor lust for fruit of work. in himself Finds bliss. with hearts Governed and calm. the passion-bound. To master lust and anger. That is the true Renouncer. At every act sits godlike in "the town Which hath nine gateways. withdrawn within his soul. light. And they in Brahma.-nay. Him seeking. This Sankhya and this Yoga: wise men know Who husbands one plucks golden fruit of both! The region of high rest which Sankhyans reach Yogins attain. darkening knowledge. and to do works in holiness Is well. Glad in all good they live. Of these twain plainly tell Which is the better way? Krishna. Even while he lives and bears his body's chain. Seeking a fruit from works. with heart. [Who will may have this Light. he hath happiness. touching. "Nought of myself I do!" Thus will he think-who holds the truth of truths-. Nigh to the peace of God. self-ruled. Always assured "This is the sense-world plays With senses. firm and fixed.A "Yogayukt"--he is a Saint who wends Straightway to Brahm. to Brahma joined by piety.Yogins toil ever towards their souls' release. The souls illuminated take that road Which hath no turning back--their sins flung off By strength of faith. the elephant. Who sees these twain as one Sees with clear eyes! Yet such abstraction."[FN#8] O valiant Prince! In doing. the unclean dog. . with doubts at end. smelling.time.In seeing. with the help Of all five senses--letting selfhood go-. The joys Springing from sense-life are but quickening wombs Which breed sure griefs: those joys begin and end! The wise mind takes no pleasure.] To him who wisely sees. But of these twain the better way is his Who working piously refraineth not. Pure-hearted. Such votaries. hearing. Him meditating still. The embodied sage. and be not over-sad Encountering grief. Such an one is not touched By taint of deeds. within: his life is merged In Brahma's life. Gain endless peace: the unvowed. but. But. with act content. nor passion for the work. This world's Lord makes Neither the work. rejecting nought--dwells proof Against the "opposites. for whom That darkness of the soul is chased by light. renouncing fruit of deeds. or breathes. are all one. With life. stayed on Brahma. Service through work. Chief! Is hard to win without much holiness. The world is overcome--aye! even here! By such as fix their faith on Unity. who dwell With sins effaced. when He eats. The Outcast gorging dog's meat. Lost in the common life of all which lives-. The sinless Brahma dwells in Unity. Holds fast or loosens."[FN#9] neither doing aught Nor causing any deed. are fastened down. Kunti's Son! In such as those! But if a man shall learn. To cease from works Is well. stayed on Him. still Constant let each abide! The sage whose sou Holds off from outer contacts. The Brahman with his scrolls and sanctities. Who--seeking nought. with Him blended. he doth Nirvana touch! Thus go the Rishis unto rest. Splendid and clear shines manifest the Truth As if a Sun of Wisdom sprang to shed Its beams of dawn. opes his eyes or shuts. Who hath it sees. slumbers or talks."He that acts in thought of Brahm. Be not over-glad Attaining joy. The cow. he is blest! He is the Yukta. Detaching end from act. the man's own self Pushes to these! The Master of this World Takes on himself the good or evil deeds Of no man--dwelling beyond! Mankind errs here By folly. or goes. such breaks lightly from all deed: 'Tis the new scholar talks as they were two. Contentment. with mind. and both conduct to bliss supreme. lord of senses and of self. His spirit tastes eternal peace.

Nor yet too low. and rage. Yea! for he knows Me Who am He that heeds The sacrifice and worship. Entitled "Karmasanyasayog. Sequestered should he sit.--not too much raised. His thoughts controlled. who doeth work rightful to do. Wherein who will shall find surety and shield! HERE ENDS CHAPTER V. Soul is Self's friend when Self doth rule o'er Self. In a fair. and mind constrained. cold.and all those live Who pass their days exempt from greed and wrath.[FN#10] The sovereign soul Of him who lives self-governed and at peace Is centred in itself. He is the Yogi. that man. a deerskin. even now. heat. nor setteth hand to task. his goods A cloth. solitary. Whose outward breath and inward breath are drawn Equal and slow through nostrils still and close. Let each man raise The Self by Soul. the rock. Subduing self and senses. By this sign is he known Being of equal grace to comrades. having put away Passion." CHAPTER VI Krishna. Regard as true Renouncer him that makes Worship by work. O Prince! Is Sanyasi and Yogi--both in one And he is neither who lights not the flame Of sacrifice. Since Soul that is Self's friend may grow Self's foe. Quit of belongings. Setting result aside. friends. Evil or good. glad With joy of light and truth. heart. Obtained deliverance. But Self turns enemy if Soul's own self Hates Self as not itself. enemies. Not seeking gain from work. And saintship is the ceasing from all works. knowing the Soul! The Saint who shuts outside his placid soul All touch of sense. God revealed. still spot Having his fixed abode. Whose quiet eyes gaze straight from fixed brows. dwelling apart Upon a peak. strangers. Lover of all that lives. glory and shame. for who renounceth not Works not as Yogin. Chance-comers. That one-with organs. Therefore. being Lord of Worlds. God unrevealed. letting no contact through. not trample down his Self." Or "The Book of Religion by Renouncing Fruit of Works.--hath. Because the perfect Yogin acts--but acts Unmoved by passions and unbound by deeds. loving all alike. taking alike Pleasure and pain. Aliens and kinsmen. Steadfastly meditating. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. So is that well said: "By works the votary doth rise to faith. and the . And He who heeds not.--let him abide. ever and ever freed. he is Yukta. lovers. Bent on deliverance. the glistering gold Show all as one. with senses subjugate Whereto the clod. his passions laid away. and fear.

When Self contemplates self. but. It deems no other treasure comparable. when it knows the nameless joy Beyond all scope of sense. no rest. So blended. Vowed to the Infinite. till efforts end in ease. Passes unhindered to the endless bliss Of unity with Brahma.Kusa-grass. free of fear. Krishna! rash. derived from equanimity. . and the soul broods Cumberless. Restraining heart and senses. and all in Me. as often as the heart Breaks--wild and wavering--from control. sees the Life-Soul resident In all things living. There. for perfect bliss Grows only in the bosom tranquillised. calm. hard Man's heart is to restrain. devout." That happy severance Yoga. purged from offence. Whate'er his life. cannot be stirred or shook By any gravest grief. And thought has passed from thinking. When the mind dwells self-wrapped. It were all one.--My peace. this Yog. He who thus vows His soul to the Supreme Soul. and all living things In that Life-Soul contained. so controlled. and in sport. He so vowed. I never let him go. The spirit passionless. When the man. step by step. Made known by thee--I see no fixity Therein. I say. and achieve Pureness of soul. Krishna. it comes To gift of peace assured and heart assuaged. Slayer of Madhu! yet again. so devoted. nor his who sleeps away An idle mind. revealed to soul-. sleeping betimes. So living. Shaking off All longings bred by dreams of fame and gain. lost in the thought of Me. harboured there. Hold him a Yogi. as tame man's heart. Yet may it grow restrained by habit. nor looseneth he Hold upon Me.Only to soul! and.[FN#11] rapt from all around. But. Prince! By wont of self-command. Let him accomplish Yoga. Waking betimes for duty. setting hard his mind upon The One. the peace Of high Nirvana! But for earthly needs Religion is not his who too much fasts Or too much feasts. Wilful and strong. yea! well-perfected! Arjuna. tumultuous. silent. holding immovable Body and neck and head. and in itself Hath comfort. Such is the likeness of the Yogi's mind Shut from sense-storms and burning bright to Heaven. This Yog. But. True to the farther Truth. nor his who wears to waste His strength in vigils. Hero long-armed! beyond denial. and cleaves to Me in all. wavers not. Arjuna! call That the true piety which most removes Earth-aches and ills. One Essence in the Evil and the Good. and wavering. I think. Because he knows and worships Me. because the heart of men Is unfixed. Musing on Me. See! Steadfast a lamp burns sheltered from the wind. when. knowing. Who dwell In all which lives. so oft Let him re-curb it. And whoso thus Discerneth Me in all. Tranquil in spirit. holding this. his gaze absorbed Upon his nose-end. When mind broods placid. intent Upon his Brahmacharya vow. soothed with holy wont. This Peace. call that man The perfect Yogin! Steadfastly the will Must toil thereto. where one is moderate In eating and in resting. let him rein it back To the soul's governance. quitting sin. dwell he where he may. Comes to the peace beyond. in Me he dwells and lives. centres on his soul the thought Straitly restrained--untouched internally By stress of sense--then is he Yukta. Measured in wish and act. To hold the wayward wind. That Yojin. Arjuna! if a man sees everywhere-. Shutting the doorways of the senses close With watchful ward.Taught by his own similitude--one Life. call that state "peace. Nay. so.

Entitled "Atmasanyamayog. higher than the wise. if thy soul be set Ever on Me--still exercising Yog. Still making Me thy Refuge--thou shalt come Most surely unto perfect hold of Me. being Yogi.Knoweth Me. if he stoutly strive thereto. thou Son of Pritha! No! Nor earth. Beginneth life again in some fair home Amid the mild and happy. Chief! So hath he back again what heights of heart He did achieve. Krishna! in the striving. Learn now. even for him. which. dwells there Measureless years. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. the spoken Ved. Purged from transgressions." CHAPTER VII Krishna. and rise high--one only--here and there-. which floats 'twixt earth and heaven When lightning splits it. with better hope. and so he strives anew To perfectness. life. Manifest. perchance. cometh at death Unto the Region of the Just. But. when thou knowest. the very Truth. and only to desire The purity of Yog is to pass Beyond the Sabdabrahm. Leaveth no more to know here in this world. ether. and being born anew. stayed on My Mystery! HERE ENDETH CHAPTER VI. . Arjuna. and mind. Whole and particular. Krishna. missing the perfect rule? Is he not lost. falling back From holiness. Striveth for Truth. air. straying from Brahma's light. water. Beyond achievers of vast deeds! Be thou Yogi Arjuna! And of such believe. Of many thousand mortals.Cometh not lightly to th' ungoverned ones. dear Prince! how. Because no heart that holds one right desire Treadeth the road of loss! He who should fail. But he who will be master of himself Shall win it. perfected by births Following on births. and of those few that strive-. Like the vain cloud. Earth. but that is rare! Such birth Is hard to be obtained on this earth. dear Prince! For by the old desire he is drawn on Unwittingly. Desiring righteousness. And individuality--those eight Make up the showing of Me. It may chance He doth descend into a Yogin house On Virtue's breast. Fails. And what road goeth he who. Since. having faith. Such as one ranks Above ascetics.Nay. striving strong and long. Krishna! none save thou can clear the doubt. He is not lost. flame. he plants his feet at last Upon the farther path. one. Truest and best is he who worships Me With inmost soul. as I am. I will declare to thee that utmost lore. and it vanisheth? Fain would I hear thee answer me herein." Or "The Book of Religion by Self-Restraint. nor heaven is forfeit.

Whereby. Know! I am that womb: I make and I unmake this Universe: Than me there is no other Master. And he who toils to help. Nor to the base and churlish. O Prince of India! highest. too. whose knowledge. I am not known-. But I. Above them all. learn the higher. Go where they worship. Freed from the "opposites. what shapes. That man who sayeth. best That last is. turned aside By this desire or that. I am the fresh taste of the water. viewless. I The silver of the moon.Unborn and changeless--to the idle world. I am the fire's red light."and fixed in faith. Hidden behind my magic veil of shows. The word of worship in the Veds. deduce from me. produced. or passionate. by its principle of life. The holiness of hallowed souls. Not comprehending Me in my true Self! Imperishable.[FN#12] Four sorts of mortals know me: he who weeps. Taking me as their utmost blessedness. I am not seen by all. in faith-.Deceived by those three qualities of being-. the root Undying. I am not known To evil-doers.These be my lower Nature. the thrill That passeth in the ether. hath the end it craves. the intellect Of the informed. intent Upon "The One. thou Valiant One! this Universe Is. gives them to serve Some lower gods. Cleave unto Me. wise. And all which are. yet they who worship Me Pierce it and pass beyond.'Tis I who give them faith! I am content! The heart thus asking favour from its God. whence hath sprung whatever is. They are not "mine. Which Nature frames. Arjuna! know all things which were. Albeit not one among them knoweth Me! By passion for the "pairs of opposites. the faithful--stayed on me. Of these four." By those twain snares of Like and Dislike. . or ignorant. who worship so. Darkened but ardent. The splendour of the splendid. and he who sits Certain of me. free from passion and desire.Wotteth not Me Who am outside them all. the devout soul. Unto all such-. But Mine come unto me! Blind are the eyes Which deem th' Unmanifested manifest. passing with their gods. and he is dearest unto me! All four are good. the greatness of the great. Nor those that take the way of Asuras. the gold o' the sun. above all. holy in act. Yet am I right desire in all who yearn. Chief of the Bharatas! for all those moods. save some few Who. The true of heart." Dear. but mine own. Eternal! Hard it is To pierce that veil divine of various shows Which hideth Me."but I--even I myself! At end of many births to Me they come! Yet hard the wise Mahatma is to find. informed. Arjuna! and the man who yearns to know. I am the good sweet smell Of the moistened earth. The lesser blessing--but 'tis I who give! Yet soon is withered what small fruit they reap: Those men of little minds. Prince! No other Maker! All these hang on me As hangs a row of pearls upon its string. Whereby the worlds of visible things are born As from a Yoni. and all which are to be. quit of sins. The wisdom of the wise. nor to those Whose mind is cheated by the show of things. constrained By that which mouldeth them. and the strength Of man's shed seed. with various rites. nor to foolish ones. "All is Vasudev!"[FN#13] There be those. but all Are merged in me--not I in them! The world-. enlightened. Soothfast. undeclared. Kunti's Son! These am I. am I To him. and seek me. Prince! All creatures live bewildered. The vital air moving in all which moves.Worship what shrine they will. nearest.

And ADHIDAIVA. The ADHYATMAN? What. With mind set fast and trustful piety. Lord of sage and singer. know KARMA. if he meditated otherwise At hour of death. Purusha. Have Me. who seek in Me Refuge from birth[FN#14] and death. And find and hold me in the hour of death. He goes to what he looked for.--but unto every atom Bringer Of that which quickens it: whoso. . who begets. and how it comes Thou canst be ADHIYAJNA in thy flesh? Slayer of Madhu! Further. of all the Three Worlds Stay. Holiest! Whoso hath known Me. Ancient of days." CHAPTER VIII Arjuna. the KARMA? Tell me what it is Thou namest ADHIBHUTA? What again Means ADHIDAIVA? Yea.--unto him hath been Right life! And. my work. Lord of all the Gods. Lord of Life. And ADHIDAIVA. I am the ADHIBHUTA. The Uttermost. Know I am ADHIBHUTA. those have the Truth! Those know Me BRAHMA.Who cleave. Causing all life to live. HERE ENDETH CHAPTER VII. Because I am PURUSHA.Am. Lord of Sacrifice. I BRAHMA am! the One Eternal GOD. which passeth mortal knowing. thou embodied one! (for all the shrines Flame unto Me!) And. Lord of Lives. The Soul of Souls! What goeth forth from Me. Worship Me well. is KARMA called: And. when heart and mind are fixed on Me. And ADHIYAJNA. Entitled "Vijnanayog.Than the sun's burning gold more brightly glowing. in putting off the flesh. Seen my effulgence--which no eye hath seen-. in thy heart always! and fight! Thou too. I--speaking with thee in this body here-. Who is that BRAHMA? What that Soul of Souls. know Me Soul of Souls. at the hour of death. Boundless. In putting off his flesh. And ADHIYAJNA." Or "The Book of Religion by Discernment. make me know How good men find thee in the hour of death? Krishna. Hath known My form. I say. Shalt surely come to Me! All come who cleave With never-wavering will of firmest faith. Owning none other Gods: all come to Me. Manifested in divided forms. Kunti's Son! Because the Soul is fashioned to its like. with hearts of love and faith. The ADHYATMAN. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. Lord of all the Gods. then. And ADHYATMAN is My Being's name. He that hath meditated Me alone. comes forth to Me. Thou Best of All! Thy work. Lord of Sacrifice. Dispersing darkness. Enters into My Being--doubt thou not! But. in the hour when life is ending.

the sacred syllable-. Greater than gifts. To life. if ye know The thousand Yugas making Brahma's Night. without its will. easily am I gained By such a Yogi. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. deeper. But take the way of utmost blessedness. [FN#14] Richer than holy fruit on Vedas growing. Thither arriving none return. Arjuna!--even Brahma's world-. HERE ENDETH CHAPTER VIII. But--higher. This endures When all created things have passed away: This is that Life named the Unmanifest. innermost--abides Another Life. . looks Ever to Me. I Who spread The Universe around me--in Whom dwell All living Things--may so be reached and seen! . to life new-born. all which is Fades back again to Him Who sent it forth. and. at Brahma's Dawn. . I. Riseth. "Ultimate. locks desire Safe in his heart. which ends." Or "The book of Religion by Devotion to the One Supreme God. better than prayer or fast. Escaping sight. Then know ye Day and Night as He doth know! When that vast Dawn doth break. there is a way to come Thither. Entitled "Aksharaparabrahmayog. centres the vital airs Upon his parting thought. That way--the highest way--goes he who shuts The gates of all his senses. Yea! this vast company of living things-Again and yet again produced--expires At Brahma's Nightfall. not like the life of sense. . Such wisdom is! The Yogi. But they. and. The place which they who read the Vedas name AKSHARAM. murmuring OM. attaining Me. Taste birth no more. For who.Drawing still breath beneath calm brows unbending. which is the place of pain. O Kunti's Son! that reach to Me. . the PURUSHA. .-In glad peace passeth to Purusha's heaven." whereto have striven Saints and ascetics--their road is the same. none other Gods regarding. meditating Me. . this way knowing. And. Comes to the Utmost Perfect Peace at last. Prince! by faith Which wanders not. If ye know Brahma's Day Which is a thousand Yugas. When that deep Night doth darken. unchanging. . .Emblem of BRAHM--dies.Roll back again from Death to Life's unrest. steadfastly set. That Life Is Mine. The worlds. In happy peace that faithful one doth die. . and I am there! And. They fall not--those Mahatmas--back to birth. The Infinite! the All! the Uttermost. ." CHAPTER IX . . . . th' Invisible Is brought anew into the Visible.

inexhaustible! They that receive not this. At closing of each Kalpa. The Mantra. The Friend. Visible Life. nought Of My hid Nature. and those too adore. Living or lifeless! Thus the worlds go on! The minds untaught mistake Me. vain deeds doing. fed On vainest knowledge.Krishna. the Abode.The Father. Th' Eternal Source.All of them--by the power of Prakriti. the way of brutes and fiends. veiled in form. Ancestor. but are not I. and yet again. all Issue new-born from Me. [And space were space without the moving airs]. sustaining all--still dwells Outside of all! See! as the shoreless airs Move in the measureless space. Destroyer of thy foes! They sink anew Into the realm of Flesh. the Fosterer. I make go forth The realms of visible things--without their will-. the Refuge-House. keep their vows Of reverence and love. Have sense of one pervading Spirit's stress.-. worship Me With hearts unwandering. The Way. where all things change! By Me the whole vast Universe of things Is spread abroad. Prince! involve Me not Enchain Me not! I sit apart from them. Unendingly They glorify Me. That farthest secret of My Heavens and Earths. moulded by Me. offering sacrifice of wakened hearts. the Unmanifest! In Me are all existences contained. though manifold! I am the Sacrifice! I am the Prayer! I am the Funeral-Cake set for the dead! I am the healing herb! I am the ghee. Not I in them! Yet they are not contained. and Higher. Which but to know shall set thee free from ills. Now will I open unto thee--whose heart Rejects not--that last lore. Easy to walk by. Vain hopes pursuing. the Judge. moving or still. the Lord. senselessly they seek An evil way. Treasure of Worlds And Treasure-Chamber! Seed and Seed-Sower. Bring forth all that which is.--by Me. reach not Me. One Force in every place. and Immortal Life I am. and swallows up. plain to see. and Free. but are not space. and the flame. of Life. those of noble soul Who tread the path celestial. And Life Invisible! . Yajur-Ved.--knowing Me the Source.Creating all. Yet these great makings. Mother. By Energy And help of Prakriti my outer Self. and Guard! The end of Learning! That which purifies In lustral water! I am OM! I am Rig-Veda. Arjuna! SAT and ASAT. nowise attached! Thus doth the stuff of worlds. The Witness.-. Heaven's rain is mine to grant or to withhold. the Fountain and the Sea of Life Which sends. Who. Other. Again. and that which burns! I am-of all this boundless Universe.A royal lore! a Kingly mystery! Yea! for the soul such light as purgeth it From every sin. But My Mahatmas. So all things are in Me. Death am I.Naught see they of My secret Presence. Yea. a light of holiness With inmost splendour shining. failing in faith To grasp the greater wisdom. Those visible things! Receive and strive to embrace The mystery majestical! My Being-. Indian Prince! All things which be back to My Being come: At the beginning of each Kalpa. Sama-Veda. deepest-concealed. Whence endless harvests spring! Sun's heat is mine. seek Me. with changeless faith Adoring Me. ruling all which lives.

and of hearts which follow other gods In simple faith. so they fall to earth again! Who follow gods go to their gods. They had their recompense! they stored their treasure. let it all be done For Me. sprung of the Vaisya caste Or lowly disregarded Sudra." Or "The Book of Religion by the Kingly Knowledge and the Kingly Mystery. lovingly made With pious will. as Mine. I know not favour! What is made is Mine! But them that worship Me with love. who drink the Soma-wine. how then The holy Brahmans and My Royal Saints? Ah! ye who into this ill world are come-. Though they be born from the very womb of Sin. the chain which holdeth men To good and evil issue. HERE ENDS CHAPTER IX. Prince! Eating or sacrificing. minds To evil Bhuts given o'er sink to the Bhuts. their prayers arise to me. Whate'er thou doest. Whoso shall offer Me in faith and love A leaf. Thou Prince of India! Be certain none can perish. Entitled "Rajavidyarajaguhyayog. Woman or man. So shalt thou free thyself From Karmabandh. so shalt come Safe unto Me-when thou art quit of flesh-. Nay. Who seeketh such gaineth the fleeting pleasure Of joy which comes and goes! I grant them it! But to those blessed ones who worship Me. which these know not Rightfully. O Kunti's Son! though they pray wrongfully. a flower.By faith and abdication joined to Me! I am alike for all! I know not hate. Unto My rest your spirits shall be guided.Yea! those who learn The threefold Veds. with minds set fast. I love. For I am the Receiver and the Lord Of every sacrifice. where the meats divine Of great gods feed them in high Indra's heaven. pay sacrifice--from Me they earn Passage to Swarga. Praying or fasting. That offering I accept. who vow Their souls to Pitris go to Pitris. Prince! If one of evil life turn in his thought Straightly to Me. He hath the high way chosen. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. Paradise spent. when that prodigious joy is o'er. he shall attain that peace Which changes not. he shall grow Righteous ere long. And whoso loveth Me cometh to Me. Turning not otherwhere. count him amidst the good. I bring assurance of full bliss beyond. giving gifts. and I in them! Nay." . Yet they. Following the threefold Scripture and its writ. undivided. water poured forth. and wage for merits given. Purge sins. trusting Me! O Pritha's Son! whoso will turn to Me.--all Plant foot upon the highest path. a fruit. They are in Me. Come to the world of death and change once more.Fleeting and false--set your faith fast on Me! Fix heart and thought on Me! Adore Me! Bring Offerings to Me! Make Me prostrations! Make Me your supremest joy! and.

By day I gleam. and thrift. Immanent! How shall I learn. By Night. Wherefrom who comprehends My Reign of mystic Majesty-. the Elders Four.[FN#17] and peace which is the same Whate'er befalls. Who have made the gods and Rishis long ago. equability. those Lords of Light. First. Thy great appearances. and Pavaka Of Vasus. of the faculties to living beings given The mind which apprehends and thinks. and Devalas. The wise in spirit cleave to Me. praising Me. whereby they draw to Me. and will to help. with faith-enlightened eyes. Of Yakshas and of Rakshasas. whose powers are manifold! I am the Spirit seated deep in every creature's heart. the golden Sun of burning cloudless Noon. thou Long-Armed Lord! these latest words I say-Uttered to bring thee bliss and peace. Clear and complete.Not the great company of gods nor kingly Rishis know My Nature. and shame. Maritchi of the Maruts.CHAPTER X Krishna. Divinest! Thou Thyself Thyself alone dost know. within their darkened souls I dwell. the races of mankind. skill. Hearts fixed on Me. with bright rays of wisdom's lamp. Pervading. And wish to give.--all cometh of My gift! The Seven Chief Saints. Vyasa Asita. And here Thyself declaring unto me! What Thou hast said now know I to be truth.That truth of truths--is thenceforth linked in faultless faith to Me: Yea! knowing Me the source of all. And. at My word they depart! Vishnu of the Adityas I am. enlightenment. Unborn. And unto these--thus serving well. of Rudras Sankara. and mirth. breaths breathed to Me. Supremest Mystery! To know Thee. Hanta! So be it! Kuru Prince! I will to thee unfold Some portions of My Majesty. though I muse continually? Under what form of Thine unnumbered forms Mayst Thou be grasped? Ah! yet again recount. the dappled Moon! Of Vedas I am Sama-Ved. Vittesh. amid the asterisms I glide.I give a mind of perfect mood. Pitris. And Rishis. Yes! Thou art Parabrahm! The High Abode! The Great Purification! Thou art God Eternal. Without beginning! Lord of Lords and Gods! Declared by all the Saints--by Narada. He only knoweth-only he is free of sin. The secrets of Thy Majesty and Might. by Me they live. unbegun.Sharing My work--to rule the worlds. who lovest Me alway-. the Lordly Manus set-. into My Being brought.[FN#l6] Hear farther yet. Vrihaspati Know Me 'mid planetary Powers. and grief or joy of soul. and sweet harmlessness. the Kings of Storm and Blight. and tears. by one thought of My mind. So have they happiness and peace. And honour. by Me all creatures wrought. of gods in Indra's Heaven Vasava. Manus. O Kesava! that neither gods nor men Nor demons comprehend Thy mystery Made manifest. And birth and death. Thou High Delight of Men! Never enough Can mine ears drink the Amrit[FN#18] of such words! Krishna. these too did I beget. and wise. And. their ignorance dispel. those natures spring from Me! Intellect. From Me they come. Lord of the Worlds. endurance. all for love of them. All-creating. Truthfulness. thus loving ceaselessly-. Whatever Natures be To mortal men distributed. and piety. Thence did arise. Holy. undying. 'mid Warriors . and fearfulness. to fill this world. Who seeth Me. self-control. all. and fearlessness. Arjuna. each to each. with pious thought and speech. Maker Supreme! Master of all the living! Lord of Gods! King of the Universe! To Thee alone Belongs to tell the heavenly excellence Of those perfections wherewith Thou dost fill These worlds of Thine. and of mountain-peaks Meru.

and of water-things Varuna. round Mandara entwined. have I heard from Thee. but it exists by Me! Nor tongue can tell. Aryam Of Pitris. Living or lifeless. Time's self I am. And "A" of written characters. The great unbroken silence in learning's secret things. Of prayers the prayer ye whisper.The lordly-painted tiger. whose power sustaineth each. and Last. Fame. O Prince! the vastness of this word? I. sage divine. and Centre of all which is or seems I am. the fig-tree. and eyesight of the eyes. of what metes days and years. and Kapila of Munis. Entitled "Vibhuti Yog. and majesty. and of this Pandu brood Thyself!--Yea. and the gem Of flying steeds. Of months the Margasirsha. Of weapons Heav'n's hot thunderbolt. of metres Gayatri. Which brings to light all beings that are to be on earth. the potency of kings. Song am I. The unfolding of the Mystery . and Craft. And Memory. of cows white Kamadhuk. for my soul's peace. whereof I teach thee some. And thousand-fanged Ananta. For wheresoe'er is wondrous work. and Patience. and. The lore of all the learned. And of the viewless virtues. the seed of all which springs. None of them is in all the worlds. who am all. of all the seasons three The flower-wreathed Spring. Of the Devarshis. and bears. Fortune. From Me hath all proceeded. and Chitrarath of them That sing in Heaven. Makar 'mid fishes of the sea. 'mid chiefs Rama with blood imbrued. and joyous sudden Birth. Yea! First. of all the trees that grow. Of Daityas dread Prahlada.heavenly Skanda. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. my Arjuna! thyself. Arjuna! nor end of telling come Of these My boundless glories. Of elephants Airavata. Dwandwa[FN#20] of knitted speech. on whose broad coils reclined Leans Vishnu. The policy of conquerors. still or stirred. and made it all. and Action! and the goodness of the good. Receive thou this aright! Yet how shouldst thou receive. of males the Best and First. Victory I am. The splendour of the splendid. Narada. Arjuna! Wisdom Supreme of what is wise. Vasuki of the serpent-tribes. from Amrit-wave which burst." CHAPTER XI Arjuna. and might. And Vasudev of Vrishni's race. abide its separate Lord! HERE ENDETH CHAPTER X. and the greatness of the great. The whirlwind 'mid the winds. And Bhrigu of the holy Saints. of those that judge. Words on the uttering lips I am. of birds the vast Garud. and Constancy: Of Vedic hymns the Vrihatsam. Yama the Judge I am. and boundless Love.[FN#19] of hills Himala's snow. Uchchaisravas. deers. in dicer's-play the conquering Double-Eight. and OM of sacred speech. whatever beings be. And Endless Life. From whose great milky udder-teats all hearts' desires are strook. of saints Vyasa. for thou art Mine! Of poets Usana. And Aswattha. of woodland-beasts-buffaloes. and Ganges 'mid the streams. And bitter Death which seizes all. This. of all the water-floods the Sea which drinketh each." Or "The Book of Religion by the Heavenly Perfections.

And whence their death. nowhere beginning. My changeful hues. and all-winning! Infinite King! I see The anadem on Thee. and said: Arjuna. Lord of all prayers! Show me Thy very self. And clasped his palms. Thrilled. Vasus. So He showed! If there should rise Suddenly within the skies Sunburst of a thousand suns Flooding earth with beams undeemed-of. my countless forms. beautiful--all spaces With His all-regarding faces. and the serpent races Ananta. Vasuki. dread Of His vast Almighty-head. Nameless--th' All-comprehending God of Gods. divine. sitting lone Upon His lotus-throne. Adityas. and Maruts. look! This is My glory. Yea! I have seen! I see! Lord! all is wrapped in Thee! The gods are in Thy glorious frame! the creatures Of earth. Crowned with garlands of star-clusters. Indian Prince! revealed to none save thee. Countless heavenly weapons bearing. heaven. VERY GOD! See Me! see what thou prayest! Thou canst not!--nor. And in Thy countenance shine all the features Of Brahma. Rudras. for now I know-. wonder. and what the majesties Of Thine immortal rule. and hell With brilliance blazing. unveiled to mortal sight! Sanjaya. and breasts. Lighting earth.Boundless. As thou Thyself declar'st it. if I may bear the sight. Gaze. Arjuna! ever mayest! Therefore I give thee sense divine. Behold! this is the Universe!--Look! what is live and dead I gather all in one--in Me! Gaze. Aswins. . and heaven. See! in this face of mine. Of saints and sages. Out of countless eyes beholding. and cried. o'erfilled.--on every side Perfect. Out of countless mouths commanding. the shell. new light! And. Yea! mightiest Lord! I see Thy thousand thousand arms. and dazed. and faces. as thy lips have said. O King! the God. And nowhere end of Thee. and bowed his head. comprehending which. The club. Breathing from His perfect Presence Breaths of every subtle essence Of all heavenly odours. Stood. And eyes. the Never-Ending Deity! But. and viewed. Then. see Thee burning In beams insufferable. Fain would I see. shedding Blinding brilliance. the discus. the Eternal God! Krishna. then. sore amazed. see Wonders unnumbered. Then might be that Holy One's Majesty and radiance dreamed of! So did Pandu's Son behold All this universe enfold All its huge diversity Into one vast shape.Supreme Named Adhyatman. and blended In one Body--subtle. Nowhere a centre! Shifts-. Sovereign Lord! The likeness of that glory of Thy Form Wholly revealed. On GOD ETERNAL. Have other eyes. and hell In Thy Divine form dwell. rich. so saying. Make Thyself visible. infinite. Arjuna knelt. diversified. and be Visible. dazzled. My darkness is dispelled. overspreading-.O Lotus-eyed![FN#21]--whence is the birth of men.Wherever soul's gaze lifts-. thou Son of Pritha! I manifest for thee Those hundred thousand thousand shapes that clothe my Mystery: I show thee all my semblances. Robed in garb of woven lustres. Countless mystic forms enfolding In one Form: supremely standing Countless radiant glories wearing. O Thou Divinest One! If this can be. to Pritha's Son displaying All the splendour. all-wielding. with human eyes.Thy central Self. splendid.

Marvellous Form! is nowhere found! O Mystic. Sounding the praise of Thee. and those great Twins The heavenly. Rakshasas. laud and magnify Thee! Rishis and Siddhas cry "Hail! Highest Majesty!" From sage and singer breaks the hymn of glory In dulcet harmony. vast arms. Siddhas. who ride the storms. Heaven! Ah me! I see no Earth and Heaven! Thee. Doth to warm life surprise Thy Universe. rebuked is mind's desire! When I behold Thee so. Ushmapas. turning Darkness to dazzling day. Gandharvas. Hath Thee in every spot. And. flashing. Feet planted near and far. They fold their palms. and bow Body. With awful brows a-glow. Aswins. Unending: Unchanging and Unblending! With might and majesty. as I quake. With burning glance. Viswas. the Shield provided To shelter Virtue's laws. whispering worship. Th' Adityas' shining forms. Awful One! At sight of Thee. Tushes of terror. Rudras. and lips lighted by fire Fierce as those flames which shall Consume. in wondrous wise Huge. lit with sun and star. members tremendous. mouths wrathful and tender. The Treasure-Palace wrought To hold the wealth of the worlds.glowing. O Holy. and void place From pole to pole of the Blue. With eyes which all behold. Earth. past seeing! Silver of moon and gold Of sun are glories rolled From Thy great eyes. made known. and breast. The Three Worlds quake. Unnumbered eyes.[FN#22]-These see Thee. Look I whichever way. rainbow-painted. Lord! I worship Thee. Quake. Gone is heart's force. Thee. the lower gods draw nigh Thee. Vasus and Sadhyas. Thy visage.--seeing Thee with form stupendous. to witness so much splendour! I mark Thee strike the skies With front.-. glittering. and brow. and north and south. and orbs which see All things. east. Lord of Lords! I see. The Uttermost of thought. at close of all. past thought. from bound to bound. and thy mouth Opened. west. fair. Ah. The Fount whence Life's stream draws All waters of all rivers of all being: The One Unborn.The Three wide Worlds before Thee Adore. beaming tender Throughout the stars and skies. Maruts. the Undivided. whatever be In all Thy worlds. as I adore Thee. Thee!--Where Thou art not. and revere In sudden-stricken fear. and Asuras. Thee only-only Thee! Now let Thy . The worlds are filled with wonder Of Thy perfections! Space Star-sprinkled. Yea! the Worlds. O Eyes of God! O Head! My strength of soul is fled. With faces manifold. Flanks. While countless companies take up the story.

With bowed brow and accents broken. and the company . Drawn to their fiery doom. which go In headlong furious flow Straight to the gulfing deeps of th' unfilled ocean. Even as they show thus gallantly. Devourest them again. Time who brings all to doom. That gaping gorge within. Ancient of Days. With flaming jaws Thou tak'st. with deadly. The Slayer Time. Thou seest Me as Time who kills. Namostu Te. lurid dread! Ah. Jyadratha. all those multitudes. My instrument art thou! Strike. There stands not one shall leave alive the battlefield! Dismayed No longer be! Arise! obtain renown! destroy thy foes! Fight for the kingdom waiting thee when thou hast vanquished those. Ground into dust and death! Like streams down-driven With helpless haste. and lips white-tushed. Bhishma. and thou must live. Hearing mighty Keshav's word. flying and dying. saying. Fight! they must fall. are sped To all four quarters. Thou Refuge of the World! Lo! to the cavern hurled Of Thy wide-opened throat. Excepting thee. burning. come hither to consume. feasting thus upon Thy dead? Who? awful Deity! I bow myself to Thee. Blind. These words.mercy unto me be given. I see our noblest ones. Devavara! Prasid![FN#23] O Mightiest Lord! rehearse Why hast Thou face so fierce? Whence doth this aspect horrible proceed? Krishna. of all these hosts of hostile chiefs arrayed. The Rakshasas. great and small. in unending streams. Drona. Lord of Might! The whole world hath delight In Thy surpassing power. victor upon this plain! Sanjaya. at Drona! at Bhishma strike! deal death On Karna. One with another. that hast fashioned men. wild flying! Thou. timorously spoken: Arjuna. Tremblingly that helmed Lord Clasped his lifted palms. alike! The creatures whom Thou mak'st. borne along Ceaselessly. obeying Thee. caught and crushed! The Kings and Chiefs drawn in. and Karna. and--praying Grace of Krishna--stood there. dazzled. Great Dhritarashtra's sons. Worthily. So to that flaming cave Those heroes great and brave Pour. So to their death still throng. By Me they fall--not thee! the stroke of death is dealt them now. Vishnu! make me know Why is Thy visage so? Who art Thou. The best of both these armies torn and riven! Between Thy jaws they lie Mangled full bloodily. stay all their warlike breath! 'Tis I who bid them perish! Thou wilt but slay the slain. from birth To death. strong-armed Prince. with helpless motion! Like moths which in the night Flutter towards a light. Filling life full. Lapping them up! Lord God! Thy terrors strike From end to end of earth. in dread At sight of Thee.

more To reverence and adore Than all which is adorable and high! How. Yama dark. and 'tis to Thee They knelt in worshipping the old world's far light. Alone." nor comprehend Thy hidden majesty. Mightiest? Thou Brahm. or in my love. Be Thy grace granted for that witless sin! For Thou art. Again. For Thou art All! Yea. the awe of Thee.Of Siddhas sound Thy name. Uttered when Thou dost go. How should they not proclaim Thy Majesties. And Agni's shining spark. Divinest. or in the throng. The first of mortal men. straying in the grove. and He who keeps the prison Of Narak. Thou God! again A thousand thousand times be magnified! Honour and worship be-. Did call Thee "Krishna. The might. As men use each to each. On journey. Who wottest all. or in jest. Uttered where Thou dost come! Namo! we call. Namaste. most Holy! wrong." "Prince. Did. and art Wisdom Thyself! O Part In all. Life's Dwelling-place and Rest! Thou. Cried here. Sitting at council. above. than Brahma greater! Thou Infinite Creator! Thou God of gods. of all the worlds within Guru of Gurus. in the wide worlds three Should any equal be? Should any other share Thy Majesty? . Varuna's waves are Thy waves. Namostu! God adored! Namostu! Nameless Lord! Hail to Thee! Praise to Thee! Thou One in all. for all from Thee have risen Numberless now I see The aspects are of Thee! Vayu[FN#24] Thou art. Or when we lay at rest. in my heedlessness. now I know. Father of all below. Of all above. below. Moon and starlight Are Thine! Prajapati Art Thou. of all souls the Soul! The Comprehending Whole! Of being formed. Speaking with easy speech. cried on every side.--to Thee Namo. and All.Glory and praise. Do Thee. and formless being the Framer. Thou! Ah! if in anger now Thou shouldst remember I did think Thee Friend. Who stored The worlds with wealth of life! O Treasure-Claimer. O Utmost One! O Lord! Older than eld.

which earthly eyes may bear! Be merciful. the form thou knew'st of old! Sanjaya. perfect faith. as one Who loveth to his lover. Arjuna! unto Me doth wend. dear Prince! The gods Dread and desire continually to view! Yet not by Vedas. and show The visage that I know. with body bent And reverent intent. nor penance long. As father to a son. Janardana! This friendly human frame. Dear Lord! for pity's sake Thine earthly shape. The secret countenance of Me. Nor penance. Shining. because thine eyes have seen My terror with My glory. Now that I see come back. Thou of the thousand arms and countless eyes! This frightened heart is fain To see restored again My Charioteer. These words to Arjuna spake Vasudev. Arjuna! because I loved thee well. Let me regard Thee. and wonderful. revealed by mystic spell. and Me. Prince of the Kurus! This was kept for thee alone! Be glad! Let no more trouble shake thy heart. Entitled "Viswarupadarsanam. my heart beats still again! Krishna. Krishna." Or "The Book of the Manifesting of the One and Manifold. Nor works well-done. turn Thy face In gentleness on me! Good is it I did see This unknown marvel of Thy Form! But fear Mingles with joy! Retake. with lightened heart behold! Once more I am thy Krishna. Yea! thou hast seen. my mind can think Calm thoughts once more. I praise. As I before have been So will I be again for thee. nor sacrifice. adoreth always. Thou that sustainest all things! Undismayed Let me once more behold The form I loved of old. and straight did take Back again the semblance dear Of the well-loved charioteer. Peace and joy it did restore When the Prince beheld once more Mighty BRAHMA's form and face Clothed in Krishna's gentle grace. majestic. who findeth Me In all. in Krishna's kind disguise. Which none save thou in all the years had favour to behold. Yea! it was wonderful and terrible To view me as thou didst. and entered into. For not by Vedas cometh this. nor prayers. nor with prayer Shall any so behold. nor alms. as of yore. and vast. As friend to friend. for Love's sole end That man. Arjuna.Therefore. arrayed With disc and forehead-gem." . nor from sacrifice. Indian Prince! Who doeth all for Me. HERE ENDETH CHAPTER XI. That mortal eyes should bear to view the Immortal Soul unclad. asking grace. and seek Thee. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. And uttermost surrender am I known And seen. loveth all Which I have made. nor chaunted psalms. and serve. With mace and anadem. manifold. nor gift-giving. as thou hast seen! Only by fullest service.

-. abides Quit of desires. if thou canst not worship steadfastly. Those hold I very holy. Despair not! give Me lower service! seek To reach Me. Unnamed. well-balanced. Highest. That man I love! Who. for. if in this Thy faint heart fails. Of one set mind to all. And. fixed in faith on Me.Worshipping Me The One. letting good or evil hap Light when it will. hears praise or calumny In passionless restraint. firm In faith. mastering himself. living himself benign. Compassionate." . Far. serene. scorns none. These blessed souls come unto Me. unmoved by each. hard The travail is for such as bend their minds To reach th' Unmanifest That viewless path Shall scarce be trod by man bearing the flesh! But whereso any doeth all his deeds Renouncing self for Me. unto friend and foe Keeping an equal heart. in full devotion fixed. unperplexed. full of Me. Uttermost. from arrogance exempt. So shalt thou come. The Invisible. Entitled "Bhaktiyog. Whose soul clings fast to Me. if thou be'st weak to set Body and soul upon Me constantly.Dwelleth Eternal Peace! Who hateth nought Of all which lives. But if thy thought Droops from such height. unchangeable By good or ill. or fear. true to his word. That man I love! But most of all I love Those happy ones to whom 'tis life to live In single fervid faith and love unseeing. That man I love! Who. heart and soul. with equal mind Bears shame and glory. with an equal peace Takes heat and cold. patient. bring Me thy failure! find Refuge in Me! let fruits of labour go. toil in works pleasing to Me! For he that laboureth right for love of Me Shall finally attain! But. Cling thou to Me! Clasp Me with heart and mind! so shalt thou dwell Surely with Me on high.That man I love! Who troubleth not his kind. Which take the better way of faith and life? Krishna. fixed To serve only the Highest. And is not troubled by them. clear of wrath. Working with Me. The Unrevealed. Worshipping Thee Unrevealed. Exempt from love of self. grief. and of the men who serve.[FN#25] Stainless. Renouncing hope for Me. and renouncing better still. Living too high for gladness. Drinking the blessed Amrit of my Being! HERE ENDETH CHAPTER XII. and when it will depart. And grieves not. Near to renunciation--very near-. pleasure and pain. Seeking Me. That man I love! Who. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. Work for Me.Constantly true. Unthinkable. Yet. All-pervading.CHAPTER XII Arjuna. with lowliest heart. though to know is more Than diligence.As God revealed. contented. yet worship better is Than knowing. Dotes upon none. night and day Musing on Me--him will I swiftly lift Forth from life's ocean of distress and death. worshipping with steadfast will. mastering their sense. Lord! of the men who serve Thee--true in heart-. dwelling quiet-eyed. steadfast in Me. glad in all good. rejoices not. Unbodied. yet from all works detached. Linked by no ties to earth.Who thus adore Me. Whoever serve Me--as I show Myself-. But who serve-. vowed unto Me. Sure-.

and Soul beyond. and the five domains of sense. disease. yet neither form nor mode hath He. Kshetrajna. Detachment. What qualities it hath. suffering. Yet dwells He unattached: of forms and modes Master.Or"The Book of the Religion of Faith. The Truth of HIM.. yet still moving. and persistency of being. Glorified in the senses He hath given. O gracious Kesava![FN#26] Of Life which seems. nor the Unformed. And grace to understand what gain it were So to attain. with a will set firm To worship Me--Me only! ceasing not. Patience and honour. for ever to be known As the Sustainer.Whose hands are everywhere. Purity. and whence it is. Prince! And what is otherwise is ignorance! Now will I speak of knowledge best to know. that "field" of life. And that which views and knows it is the Soul. the All. and all that bindeth men. and wife. An ever-tranquil heart in fortunes good And fortunes evil. Perception of the certitude of ill In birth. . the mind. the nine strange gates Of the body. reverence for the wise. not Asat. These all are wrought on Matter by the Soul! Humbleness. . at the End of . constancy. Children. . endeavours resolute To reach perception of the Utmost Soul. Yea! Son of Kunti! for this flesh ye see Is Kshetra. . . dislike. And why it changeth. not Sat. control of self.That Truth which giveth man Amrit to drink. yet. and His ears in every place Hearing. yet measurelessly far! Not manifold." CHAPTER XIII Arjuna." thou Indian prince! I am Kshetrajna. And how it wotteth-hear these things from Me! . yet both. truthfulness. close To all. In all "fields. Not Form. and the faculty That wotteth it. Yet beyond sense He is. sustaining all. and everywhere Planted His feet. and thought Deep-woven. the Para-Brahm. not discerned For subtlety of instant presence. the conscious life.[FN#28] The elements. the mightiness of this. lightly holding unto home. Now would I hear. Contempt of sense-delights. Desire. and sin. Loving all solitudes. and yet subsisting still In all which lives. The unseen vital force. self-sacrifice. And what it is we know-or think to know. is the field where Life disports. and all His faces everywhere Enlightening and encompassing His worlds. and harmlessness. He is within all beings--and without-. . . .Motionless. Krishna. age.--this is true Wisdom. . and more. I am what surveys! Only that knowledge knows which knows the known By the knower![FN#27] What it is. . death. and everywhere His eyes Beholding. and shunning noise Of foolish crowds. to each. The Uncreated. .-. pleasure and pain. which sees.

unstained: Like to the light of the all-piercing sun [Which is not changed by aught it shines upon. divide. Uncreate." .Overpass Death! Wherever. Entitled "Kshetrakshetrajnavibhagayog. Lord and Master still PURUSHA. and seize. High Spirit. But goes the highest road which brings to bliss. indeed. governing. and the lore To comprehend. in every place. or things unmoved. Whoso. never so attaining. Ultimate. linked To moulded matter. what is there hath grown By bond of Matter and of Spirit: Know He sees indeed who sees in all alike The living. and knows his soul PURUSHA. avoideth taint. worketh in nought! Like to th'' ethereal air. possessing. the light hath come for him! Whatever flesh he bears. entereth into bond With qualities by Nature framed. In every form. Planted in every heart. Some few there be By meditation find the Soul in Self Self-schooled. Indian Prince! Life is--of moving things. Guarding.] The Soul's light shineth pure in every place. never again Shall he take on its load. he attains! O Prince! That Ultimate. Spirit supreme. and blend again to One: Then hath he BRAHMA. Imperishable amid the Perishing: For. sees the mass Of separate living things--each of its kind-.[FN#29] Yet is this Yea! in its bodily prison!--Spirit pure. The Light of Lights He is. One Soul with Me. And they who. and what deals with it. hear of light From other lips. Whoso thus knows himself. and so cause Feeling of pain and pleasure." Or "The Book of Religion by Separation of Matter and Spirit. Plant or still seed--know. shall surely come to Me! Know thou that Nature and the Spirit both Have no beginning! Know that qualities And changes of them are by Nature wrought. and. thus Married to matter. Living Life. and cleave to it Worshipping.Issue from One. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. and the moulding. who sees that works Are Nature's wont. Those wise ones go the way which leads to Life! HERE ENDS CHAPTER XIII. Spirit. Seeing. surveying. Which. and Guide of all the wise. one. pervading all. and some by long philosophy And holy life reach thither. in the heart of the Dark Shining eternally. for Soul to practise by Acting. see How Matter. by such eye of wisdom.Times. the Soul Supreme. even when it entereth flesh Taketh no stain of acts. for sheer subtlety. That Nature puts to work the acting frame. adoring Me. breeds the birth again In good or evil yonis. Perceiveth this. he sees. Doth no more wrongfulness unto himself. But Spirit doth inform it. So have I told Of Life's stuff. yea! and those--to teaching true-. working through the qualities With Nature's modes. Unqualified. yet not the agent. some by works: Some. And how the Spirit and the flesh have strife. the same. lordly Soul. He maketh all to end--and re-creates. whoso thus beholds. Wisdom He is And Wisdom's way. The subtle Soul sits everywhere.

if it dies In hardened Ignorance. sending seed! Sattwan. which blots The beams of wisdom. But Ignorance.CHAPTER XIV Krishna. sloth. binds down Their souls to stupor. Death. all My saints have passed To perfectness. and ardour. fixed In Soothfastness. watching life. Prince of India. And gloom. The fruit of Soothfastness is true and sweet." by purity Living unsullied and enlightened. but Ignorance. the fruit Of Ignorance is deeper darkness. it shall pass into the world Of spirits tied to works. begot Of Darkness. Kuru Chief! Moreover." "Passion. and ignorance Grow forth from Ignorance. once overcome. Then is he come nigh unto Me! The Soul. Impulse to strive and gain. On such high verities Reliant. Prince of India! Soothfastness binds souls In pleasant wise to flesh. And Passion. If it departeth in set habitude Of Impulse.Perfect and pure--of those that know all Truth. Rajas. and unrest. Kunti's Son! Mothers each mortal form. and Passion binds By toilsome strain. comes Birth to all beings! Whoso. Whereof sweet "Soothfastness. Yea! For Light brings light. loaded with witlessness! When. so are named The qualities of Nature. being kin to appetite. and avarice. Brahma conceives. when a soul departeth. O Bharata! Where this With Ignorance are absent. it goeth to the place-." These three bind down The changeless Spirit in the changeful flesh. Sorrow. When at all gateways of the Body shines The Lamp of Knowledge. and Age. they are not born again at birth Of Kalpas. uttermost. Thus passing forth from the Three Qualities-. blinding mortal men. and drowsiness. Those spring from Passion--Prince!--engrained. the living man perceives The only actors are the Qualities. And I am He that fathers. binds The sinless Soul to happiness and truth. And breeding impulse and propensity. and. and Passion ache to have. Where longing is. the darkened souls sink back To lower deeps. The fruit of lusts is pain and toil. Passion and Ignorance. Those of the first Rise ever higher. And knows what rules beyond the Qualities. Passion rules. Leave Soothfastness. that blinded soul Is born anew in some unlighted womb. "Soothfastness. 'Tis Ignorance hath caused them. and Tamas. then may one see well Soothfastness settled in that city reigns.Whereby arise all bodies--overcomes Birth. binds the soul to sloth. Yet farther will I open unto thee This wisdom of all wisdoms. Binds the embodied Soul. O Kunti's Son! By tie of works." and "Ignorance. The which possessing. nor at Pralyas suffer change! This Universe the womb is where I plant Seed of all lives! Thence. sloth and stupor are. Yea. And Ignorance in hearts not good nor quick. and where Darkness and dulness. and drinketh deep The undying wine . those of the second mode Take a mid place. bewilderments. rising into fellowship With Me.

As actions wrought amid this world of men Bind them by ever-tightening bonds again. fervent faith adoring Me. saying--serene-. As men's lives quicken to the temptings fair Of wooing sense: its hanging rootlets seek The soil beneath. unto friends And unto foes alike in tolerance. the marble. to whose deep-seeing eyes The clod. knows Veds. What its shape saith. strife of passion. And cleave the clinging snaky roots. and mine perfect Felicity! HERE ENDS CHAPTER XIV. Whose equal heart holds the same gentleness For lovely and unlovely things. not angry if they are. Yea! for its leaves Are green and waving hymns which whisper Truth! Who knows the Aswattha. standing off. and all the ills of it. and all. Oh. Arjuna. and whence it springs. He who with equanimity surveys Lustre of goodness.Which hath its boughs beneath. helping to hold it there.When troubles break. Not wishful when they are not: he who sits A sojourner and stranger in their midst Unruffled. and attains Me! For I am That whereof Brahma is the likeness! Mine The Amrit is. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA Entitled "Gunatrayavibhagayog. satisfied With honour or dishonour.of Amrit. Leap to quick life at kiss of sun and air." CHAPTER XV Krishna. firm-set.-.With single. sloth Of ignorance. and Immortality Is mine. my Lord! Which be the signs to know him that hath gone Past the Three Modes? How liveth he? What way Leadeth him safe beyond the threefold Modes? Krishna. And all the eager verdure of its girth.The ever-holy tree. and lay This Aswattha of sense-life low. Men call the Aswattha.[FN#30] Even as the deeds of men.--to set ." Or "The Book of Religion by Separation from the Qualities. Detached from undertakings. and the gold are one. If ye knew well the teaching of the Tree.--he is named Surmounter of the Qualities! And such-.--the Banyan-tree. Passing beyond the Qualities. "These be the Qualities!" He unto whom--self-centred--grief and joy Sound as one word. its roots above. Its branches shoot to heaven and sink to earth. conforms To Brahma.-. then How it must end. and. which take their birth From qualities: its silver sprays and blooms. The axe of sharp Detachment ye would whet. Well-pleased in praise and dispraise.

The unenlightened ones Mark not that Spirit when he goes or comes." That which sits apart. Who knows Me thus. secret Mystery Declared to thee! Who comprehendeth this Hath ." Higher still is He.Which they who once behold return no more.-. setting forth from Me. in this world of manifested life.Which they who reach shall have no day to die. The PURUSHOTTAMA. With outward and with inward breath. And--dwelling thus beyond Divided Being and Undivided--I Am called of men and Vedas. nor Noon-. life's Utmost boon! When. and Smelling.Senses and intellect. I glide into the plant-. whose Name is LORD. but foolish ones. respiring frames. Now is the sacred. Gathers these up. The undying Spirit. Life Supreme. Nor fade away. bough and stem To the eternal world pass such as these! Another Sun gleams there! another Moon! Another Light. too. "The Undivided. they perceive That Spirit in themselves. Taketh on form. or quitting it. and fire fierce loveliness. Enlightened. And.--not Dusk. one. All things that live Are "the Divided. With mind unclouded.--linking itself To sense-things so. Who part the bonds constraining them to flesh. FATHER and FIRST. The Highest. nor fall--to Him.New growths upspringing to that happier sky. Even though they strive. for to Him come they From passion and from dreams who break away. worshipping alway-No longer grow at mercy of what breeze Of summer pleasure stirs the sleeping trees. but those see plain Who have the eyes to see. I penetrate the clay. Conjoined with qualities. one.-. from Me Shineth the gathered glory of the suns Which lighten all the world: from Me the moons Draw silvery beams.Root. Sovereign. I mean. the Highest.--which containeth all. ill-informed! Know. these it takes. Ear and Eye. leaf. And Touch and Taste.[FN#31] For in this world Being is twofold: the Divided. dear Prince! And with his whole soul ever worshippeth Me. Holy souls see Which strive thereto. and pass. it draweth to itself From Being's storehouse. Sustaining them. First! Who fills all worlds. The Eternal. to feed The body by all meats. nor Dawn. I glow in glad. and bloom--to make the woodlands green With springing sap. and a sentient mind. Becoming vital warmth. They have attained My rest. knoweth all. What blast of tempest tears them. discern not. Nor when he takes his pleasure in the form. holding all. having hearts Unkindled. Blowing above the flower-beds.-.--Him. as the wind gathers scents. and lend all shapes Their living force.Yea. Who made the mystery Of old Creation. The Undivided. The Sovereign Soul Thus entering the flesh.

"This world Hath not a Law. How Souls go forth from Me. and tenderness Towards all that suffer.[FN#32] The Heavenly Birth brings to deliverance. Slaves to their passion and their wrath. nor a Lord. I spake to thee By what marks thou shouldst know the Heavenly Man. An unrevengeful spirit. they buy Wealth with base deeds. nor Order. And crying "Here it finisheth!" Ensnared In nooses of a hundred idle hopes. My Prince! of him whose birth Is fated for the regions of the vile. And ignorance. "Thus much.Of little wit. in perfect purposing. a mind That lightly letteth go what others prize. opened hand And governed appetites.These be the signs. humbleness. folly. Prince! Whose lot is set apart for heavenly Birth." Or "The Book of Religion by attaining the Supreme. And love of lonely study. never given To rate itself too high. and pride. they trust this lie As it were true--this lie which leads to death-. Hear from me now of the Unheavenly! They comprehend not. and piety. this thing thinking. "we . But is none other than a House of Lust. Fluttered by no desires.-. Nor purity. nor rule of Life. Full of deceitfulness. to glut hot appetites. and purity. caught Into the sinful course. and grave. Two stamps there are marked on all living men. With patience. the Unheavenly. Uprightness. slowness unto wrath. the will Always to strive for wisdom. Truthfulness. Be thou joyous. nor how they come Back unto Me: nor is there Truth in these. heed to injure nought which lives." CHAPTER XVI Krishna. all those ruined ones-. Modest.wisdom! He is quit of works in bliss! HERE ENDS CHAPTER XV. and arrogance. a contented heart. and pride. So should'st thou know! The birth with Asuras Brings into bondage." So say they: "nor hath risen up by Cause Following on Cause.Finding in Pleasure all the good which is. Quickness to anger. Surrendered to desires insatiable. harsh and evil speech. O Indian Prince! of him whose feet are set On that fair path which leads to heavenly birth! Deceitfulness. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA Entitled "Purushottamapraptiyog. dark-minded--give themselves To evil deeds. singleness of soul.--such be the signs. with manhood nobly mixed. And equanimity." And. Fearlessness. the curses of their kind. to its own darkness blind. fortitude. Divine and Undivine." they say. In blindness cleaving to their errors. to-day. a bearing mild. and charity Which spieth no man's faults.

whereby men to ruin pass." CHAPTER XVII Arjuna. Hateful and hating. then. . . . . OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. . in the forms they wear And in the forms they breed. the door Of Avarice." Or "passion-stained. at end of lives. . dead-drunken with the wine Of wealth. yet keep faith at heart And worship.The door of Lust. . feasting.--becoming "true. for sacrifice! Cast largesse.[FN#33] HERE ENDETH CHAPTER XVI. force. And this is ours! and th' other shall be ours! To-day we slew a foe. Into some devilish womb. what shall be the state of those. whence--birth by birth-. Lowest and least of men. wrath. . my foemen are. Let a man shun those three! He who shall turn aside from entering All those three gates of Narak. so is the votary. cruel. . and bound In net of black delusion. till they find and worship Me. all their offerings Have but a show of reverence. whom I cast down Again. the souls Obeying Rajas worship Rakshasas[FN#34] Or Yakshas. . being not made In piety of ancient faith. Stubborn and proud. and comes to Swarga's gate. Conceited. and great? Rich are we." or "dark.Tossed to and fro with projects. and those Who practise bitter penance. not enjoined By rightful . These My blasphemers. insolence. sweet Prince! Tread they that Nether Road. and we will slay Our other enemy to-morrow! Look! Are we not lords? Make we not goodly cheer? Is not our fortune famous. Entitled "Daivasarasaupadwibhagayog. and be merry!" So they speak Darkened by ignorance.-. and yet again.Down to foul Naraka. Threefold the faith is of mankind and springs From those three qualities. vile. tricked. and reckless. Thus vowed To self-hood. Great Krishna! Sattwan. that one To what he worships lives assimilate. Where thou shalt see a worshipper. evil. [Such as the shrine. . Tamas? Say! Krishna. fond. wendeth straight To find his peace. and so they fall-.The devilish wombs re-spawn them.[FN#35] Yea. . the door of Wrath. proudly born! What other men Live like to us? Kill." Or "The Book of the Separateness of the Divine and Undivine. and the men of Darkness pray To Pretas and to Bhutas.gained! thereby Such and such wish of heart shall have its fill. all beguiled. Rajas. And. lost in lusts-." as thou shalt hear! The faith of each believer. Heedless of Shastras.] The "soothfast" souls adore true gods. Indian Prince! Conforms itself to what he truly is. If men forsake the holy ordinance. The Doors of Hell Are threefold. brave.

Those men. passion-beset. Words causing no man woe. fair and profitable. meet for the lips Of such as love the "Darkness. call it vile. Due time. with no accompaniment Of hallowed hymn. rash and vain. Religion followed by a witless will To torture self. Gentle and pleasing words. at evil time. And therefore craved by too strong appetite. where to receive Is hoped again. and those ye say In murmured reading of a Sacred Writ. fame. and true religiousness of Mind. The gift churlishly flung. with no hope of gain. benignity. cordial. substance. And there is foul food--kept from over-night. and to a meet recipient. Offered in rightful wise. And not to injure any helpless thing. Such--say I--is of Rajas. A feast of rottenness. with heart devout. salt. wild. made in due place. and joy to live. words ever true.-. heating. Religion shown in act of proud display To win good entertainment. and the Brahmacharya's vow. But sacrifice for gain. Teachers. which the foul will eat. filthy. The gift lovingly given. present within the flesh!) Know them to devils devoted. Me myself. Is gift of Tamas.[FN#36] Savourless. comforting." And a sacrifice Offered against the laws. Purity. when he who vows Sayeth. (Nay. With stamp of "passion. proud hypocrisies-. and almsgiving! Hear this of Me! there is a food which brings Force. Torturing--the witless ones--My elements Shut in fair company within their flesh. dark and ill.These make the true religiousness of Speech. Being too biting.A sacrifice not for rewardment made. The gift selfishly given. The deed of "Darkness!"--lost! Worship of gods Meriting worship. by hearts devote. constant stress To sanctify the Nature. "This I should do!" Is "Soothfast" rite." Thus with rites. Rectitude. In wrongful place. The "Soothfast" meat. violent.-These make a true religiousness of Act. it doth not bless![FN#37] . Elders. when one shall say "Now must I gladly give!" when he who takes Can render nothing back. Is gift of Sattwan. or when some end is sought. dark. and burning blood. in highest piety Kept. Sway of the silent Spirit. Serenity of soul. lowly reverence Of Twice-borns. strength. And there be foods which bring Aches and unrests. Or where the gift is proffered with a grudge. true belief. and health. and sharp. nor largesse to the priests. abstinence. ill. stained with impulse. worship. so is there threefold way Of worship.-. with no due dole Of food-giving. Being well-seasoned. O Best of Bharatas! is Rajas-rite. Such threefold faith. be sure that this.rule--penance which hath its root In self-sufficient.--these things make Good rite. to base recipient. Offered for good repute. Made in disdain or harsh unkindliness.--'tis of Tamas. Is perfect work of Sattwan. This is of Rajas. In faithless celebration. and grief. or come at power to hurt Another. not to Heaven! For like as foods are threefold for mankind In nourishing.

Fain would I better know. the God. in Sankhya taught As necessary. Lord! Tyaga. penance. mind. Penance. But no fruit is at all where no work was. and what separates these twain! Krishna. who abstains From profit of his acts is abstinent. not to be stayed. Long-armed Lord! the makings five Which go to every act. Alms. evil or good. And Undesirable. The poets rightly teach that Sannyas Is the foregoing of all acts which spring Out of desire. his is "true" act: For." CHAPTER XVIII Arjuna. and then The agent. next. Prince! This My insuperable and fixed decree! Abstaining from a work by right prescribed Never is meet! So to abstain doth spring From "Darkness. The fruit of labours." and Delusion teacheth it. Entitled "Sraddhatrayavibhagayog. Whoso.As worship. Quit of debates and doubts. knoweth nought at all And seeth . Saying. and enunciation. and mixed of both. and all fruit Produced by works. And some who answer. And Worship. Nay. Which being thus. "Nay! the goodly acts-. the various instruments. What work soever any mortal doth Of body. First the force. yet. Arjun! Abstaining from attachment to the work. none may stand Wholly aloof from act. if it succeed Unflattered. By these five doth he that. for all those three Are purifying waters for true souls! Yet must be practised even those high works In yielding up attachment. alms--must be performed!" Hear now My sentence. Abstaining from rewardment in the work. seeth himself As the sole actor.--Desirable. When one saith "'Tisunpleasing!" this is null! Such an one acts from "passion. being in the body. the especial effort." Or "The Book of Religion by the Threefold Kinds of Faith. to be gladly done. Hear from me. and to be renounced. O Chaser of thy Foes! Renunciation is of threefold form. Is threefold for all men. Unvexed if his work fail. This is My judgment. or speech." nought of gain Wins his Renunciation! But. in his own heart justified. and their wisest say Tyaga is renouncing fruit of acts. Thou Glorious One! The very truth--Heart's Lord!--of Sannyas. in the lives to come. While yet one doeth it full faithfully. Best of Bharatas! 'Tis well set forth. for lack of knowledge. Fourth. "Tis right to do!" that is "true " act And abstinence! Who doeth duties so. Abstaining from a work grievous to flesh. fifth. There be among the saints some who have held All action sinful.HERE ENDETH CHAPTER XVII. Abstention. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA.

What binds and what emancipates the soul: That is of Sattwan." Marred is the Intellect which. fraudulent. and the love of goods to gain. Hear now Which be the qualities dividing them. Learn thou it is this: To see one changeless Life in all the Lives. Prince! and "passionate!" Evil is Intellect which. What should be feared. nor hate. stubborn. seeking profit. and "dark. There is imperfect Knowledge: that which sees The separate existences apart. humble. "dark" and desperate! Good is the steadfastness whereby a man Masters his beats of heart. he is not bound thereby! Knowledge. And in the Separate.Holding aloof from self--with unstained mind Should slay all yonder host. rude and bold To overcome. nor as the calm truth is: This is of Rajas. of Intellect and Steadfastness The threefold separation. One Inseparable. unchastened. agent.nought. his very breath Of life. There is "true" Knowledge. He that works From impulse. He doth not slay. remiss. Prince! "soothfast" and fair! Stained is the steadfastness whereby a man Holds to his duty. purpose.Is born of Tamas." Hear. heedless if he harm His own soul--'tis of Tamas. are differenced By three dividing qualities. These make the threefold starting-ground of act. There is "vain" Action: that which men pursue Aching to satisfy desires. effort. with all-absorbing stress: This is of Rajas--passionate and vain. his sorrow. not for love. But knowledge. There is false Knowledge: that which blindly clings To one as if 'twere all. Therefore. slow. and the instrument. too. black and bad! There is the "rightful"doer. in good or evil hap the same. holds them real. slave by turns Of sorrow and of joy: of Rajas he! And there be evil doers. and what must not be done. These make the threefold total of the deed. the thing known. the actor. His folly and despair. This--Pritha's Son!-. end. Arjuna! 'tis of Rajas. and what is well to do And what must not be done. There is "dark" Action: when one doth a thing Heedless of issues. and dull. and sees all things Contrariwise of Truth. yet understands Nought with firm mind. impelled By sense of self. fixed In never-shaken faith and piety: That is of Sattwan. Dull. Conqueror-Prince! How these are set apart by Qualities. Prince! of "soothfastness. Steadfast. act. and the mind which knows. being separated. seeking no Cause. He who acts Free from self-seeking. Deprived of light. nor gain. if one-. the action of his senses. Content to do aright-he "truly" acts. I say. being bid to slay. For life's sake. There is th' "impassioned" doer. narrow.Is wrought without attachment. heedless of the hurt Or wrong for others. knowing right And knowing wrong. passion-stamped! Sad is the steadfastness wherewith the fool Cleaves to his sloth. despondent--children of the "dark. resolute. passionlessly. Looks upon wrong as right. and his fears. For duty. O Pritha's Son! That is of Tamas. What must be done. wrapped in gloom. "dark" and miserable! . Good is the Intellect which comprehends The coming forth and going back of life. and what should not be feared. And. The act." There is "right" Action: that which being enjoined-. loose of heart. Low-minded.

loves well Me. quiet. Of HIM by Whom the universe was stretched. A Sudra's state. Self-mastery. learning. Lays hold of perfectness! Hear how a man Findeth perfection. is to minister. skilfulness. his soul.Of Him that is the Source of all which lives. ev'n excellently. And painful Pleasure springeth from the bond Between the senses and the sense-world. and all the way of life The soul bewildering.The work allotted him. Son of Kunti! also this. but afterward Sweet as the taste of Amrit. 'Tis of Tamas. Freed from surroundings. content-. As of a lord of men. desires no more. Learn from me. A Vaisya's task. growing one with BRAHM. venture trade. and attains to Me. Vaisyas. soul wholly subdued. Such an one. though done with fault. And knowing. Ever to holy meditation vowed. uprightness. impatience. forgoing wiles Of song and senses. Than doing others' work. attaining perfect peace. is to till the ground. by Nature framed. Born of his nature. Prince! For nothing lives on earth. 'Tis of Rajas. Of arrogance. Better thine own work is. Banishing pain for aye. Dwelling 'mid solitudes. spirit in fight. fire. freed from love and hate. Suiting his nature.Hear further. The work of Brahmans. Kshatriyas. attains BRAHM. at first And at the last. By this same love and worship doth he know Me as I am. as every flame Is wrapped in smoke! Only that man attains Perfect surcease of work whose work was wrought With mind unfettered. results renounced. restrained In lordly self-control. are serenity. And open-handedness and noble mien. but hath its being bound With these three Qualities. Equally loving all that lives. the supreme. O thou Slayer of thy Foes! Is fixed by reason of the Qualities Planted in each: A Brahman's virtues. lives in valour. And whatsoever deeds he doeth--fixed In Me. Drink of that! It springeth in the Spirit's deep content. With body. Sorrows no more. and to know The truth of things which be. Patience. Desires for ever dead. Whoso performeth--diligent. as in his refuge--he hath won For ever and for ever by My grace Th' Eternal Rest! So win thou! In . Tend cattle. Constancy. nor 'midst the gods In utmost heaven. anger. but its last Bitter as poison. religion. Prince! And foul and "dark" the Pleasure is which springs From sloth and sin and foolishness. And Sudras. Chief of Bharatas! from Me The threefold kinds of Pleasure which there be.Such an one grows to oneness with the BRAHM. Who have made them. lacking nought-. Prince! Born of his nature. the highest height of all! Devoted--with a heart grown pure. From passions liberate. straightway enters into Me. serene. being so content: He findeth it through worship--wrought by work-. quit of the Self. Born with his nature. He shall not fall in sin who fronts the task Set him by Nature's hand! Let no man leave His natural duty. Sweet As Amrit is its first taste. purity. Good Pleasure is the pleasure that endures. How one. pride. how high and wonderful. A Kshatriya's pride. in diet spare. whate'er it be. speech. and will tamed to obey. Prince! though it bear blame! For every work hath blame. bitter at first As poison to the soul.

Dance to what tune HE will. the Mystery more hid Than any secret mystery. Him that worships not. being Yoga's Lord. by Thy favour. Heareth wisely what it saith. furthermore. trusting to thyself and heeding not. 'mid the flock Of My lovers. O Indian Prince! With mind intent? hath all the ignorance-Which bred thy trouble--vanished. and offering Of all honour unto Me-. by My grace. and take Him for thy succour. there is no tongue to reach My marvel and my love and bliss. nor seeks Wisdom's teaching when she speaks: Hide it from all men who mock. right well-beloved! Listen! I tell thee for thy comfort this. Relying on thyself. speech-Teaching in the faith to bring Truth to them. Heareth meekly. O Lord my King. and power. by subtle pulling--strings. My utmost meaning have! Precious thou art to Me. But. So is the high truth shown! And aye. Lord! Now am I fixed! my doubt is fled away! According to Thy word. thou wouldst seek Against thy will. Nor shall any dearer be In My earth. and victory. this wise and wondrous thing By great Vyasa's learning writ. Pondering piously and fain. Prince! So--only so. With all thy soul Trust Him. Held by Us upon the plain. Great is my gladness: when I muse that splendour.--when he dies. one shall teach This divinest. full of faith. Yea. with heart a-thrill. the holy Krishna saith. Free of flesh. Arjuna!--shalt thou gain-. and all this holy strain. visible and plain.Rites and writ duties! Fly to Me alone! Make Me thy single refuge! I will free Thy soul from all its sins! Be of good cheer! [Hide. Trouble and ignorance are gone! the Light Hath come unto me. Of Hari. "I will not fight!" Vain will the purpose prove! thy qualities Would spur thee to the war. Meditate! And--as thou wilt--then act! Nay! but once more Take My last word.thy thoughts Do all thou dost for Me! Renounce for Me! Sacrifice heart and mind and will to Me! Live in the faith of Me! In faith of Me All dangers thou shalt vanquish. This from him that hath no faith. for Thy most mighty sake.Unto Brahma cometh he! Nay. again Arjuna and the God in talk. when I remember. wherever. passing speech. O Archer-Prince! all hail! O Krishna. Thus gathered I the gracious speech of Krishna. wisest. and how . how Krishna's self made known The Yoga. when the task comes to thee Waking the promptings in thy nature set. For thou art sweet to Me! And let go those-. in joyance rest. Whoso reads this converse o'er.] Hath this been heard by thee. He hath paid Me sacrifice! (Krishna speaketh in this wise!) Yea. The Eternal Place! Thus hath been opened thee This Truth of Truths. and nowhere shall ye find Any man of all mankind Doing dearer deed for Me. My Arjun? Arjuna. Misled by fair illusions. Surely shall his spirit rise To those regions where the Blest. Thou can'st but perish! If this day thou say'st. Lord of Yoga! surely there shall not fail Blessing. O my King! Thus have I told. so will I do! Sanjaya. Where this song comes of Arjun. and whoso. There lives a Master in the hearts of men Maketh their deeds. Give Me thy heart! adore Me! serve Me! cling In faith and love and reverence to Me! So shalt thou come to Me! I promise true.By grace of Him--the uttermost repose. But. What thou dost shun.

" [FN#31] I omit a verse here. The from http://www. a new "Parable of the fig-tree. WITH CHAPTER XVIII."joy and sorrow." with Mr Davies. [FN#7] Without desire of fruit. [FN#18] The nectar of immortality. success and failure. [FN#25] "Not peering about." [FN#37] I omit the concluding shlokas. [FN#12] Beings of low and devilish nature. End of the Project Gutenberg etext. [FN#32] "Of the Asuras." [FN#20] The compound form of Sanskrit words. [FN#19] Called "The Jap. [FN#14] I read here janma. heat and cold. evidently interpolated by some Vedantist. [FN#35] These are spirits of evil wandering ghosts." Or "The Book of Religion by Deliverance and Renunciation. as of very doubtful authenticity.with God he spake. gifts. Entitled "Mokshasanyasayog. God of Gods! Be favourable!" [FN#24] The wind. same times also of benignity.. [FN#28] I omit two lines of the Sanskrit here. [FN#8] That is. but a beautiful lyrical episode. [FN#36] Yatayaman."age" [FN#15] I have discarded ten lines of Sanskrit text here as an undoubted interpolation by some Vedantist [FN#16] The Sanskrit poem here rises to an elevation of style and manner which I have endeavoured to mark by change of metre. [FN#29] Wombs. [FN#34] Rakshasas and Yakshas are unembodied but capricious beings of great power. [FN#17] Ahinsa. [FN#5] I am doubtful of accuracy here. [FN#11] So in original. food which has remained after the watches of the night. [FN#33] I omit the ten concluding shlokas. the body.e. [FN#4] I feel convinced sankhyanan and yoginan must be transposed here in sense. [FN#1] Some repetitionary lines are here omitted. The Bhagavad-Gita. [FN#26] The Calcutta edition of the Mahabharata has these three opening lines. [FN#6] A name of the [FN#27] This is the nearest possible version of Kshetrakshetrajnayojnanan yat tajnan matan ---umnet. and beauty. In India this would probably "go bad. [FN#10] The Sanskrit has this play on the double meaning of Atman." THE BHAGAVAD-GITA."lit. translated by Sir Edwin Arnold Bhagavad-Gita. [FN#21] "Kamalapatraksha" [FN#22] These are all divine or deified orders of the Hindoo Pantheon. [FN#30] I do not consider the Sanskrit verses here-which are somewhat freely rendered--"an attack on the authority of the Vedas. [FN#2] Technical phrases of Vedic religion. [FN#9] i." not your fun!--- ."&c. [FN#13] Krishna."anapeksha. "birth. [FN#3] The whole of this passage is highly involved and difficult to render.. with Mr Davis. evidently interpolated. [FN#23] "Hail to Thee. HERE ENDS.

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