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*END*THE SMALL PRINT! FOR PUBLIC DOMAIN ETEXTS*Ver. So lofty are many of its declarations. Prince of India. or Bhagavad-Gita (From the Mahabharata) Being a Discourse Between Arjuna. blending as it does the doctrines of Kapila. M. so pure and tender its piety.S. In plain but noble language it unfolds a philosophical system which remains to this day the prevailing Brahmanic belief. and the Vedas. Money should be paid to "Project Gutenberg Association / Carnegie-Mellon University".a copy of the etext in its original plain ASCII form (or in EBCDIC or other equivalent proprietary form). in the sixth--or "Bhishma"--Parva of the great Hindoo epic.93*END* The Song Celestial.  Honor the etext refund and replacement provisions of this "Small Print!" statement. and the Supreme Being Under the Form of Krishna Translated from the Sanskrit Text by Sir Edwin Arnold. that Schlegel. Royalties are payable to "Project Gutenberg Association/Carnegie-Mellon University" within the 60 days following each date you prepare (or were legally required to prepare) your annual (or equivalent periodic) tax return.A. so sublime its aspirations.C. and every other sort of contribution you can think of. So have I writ its wisdom here. Ltd. It enjoys immense popularity and authority in India. K. after . WHAT IF YOU *WANT* TO SEND MONEY EVEN IF YOU DON'T HAVE TO? The Project gratefully accepts contributions in money. public domain etexts. discoursing each with each.04. If you don't derive profits. scanning machines.I. royalty free copyright licenses.E. New York Truslove. For England. where it is reckoned as one of the ``Five Jewels. Hanson & Comba.. 67 Fifth Avenue 1900 Dedication TO INDIA So have I read this wonderful and spirit-thrilling speech.  Pay a trademark license fee to the Project of 20% of the net profits you derive calculated using the method you already use to calculate your applicable taxes.I. C. By Krishna and Prince Arjun held. O our India! as dear to me as She! EDWIN ARNOLD PREFACE This famous and marvellous Sanskrit poem occurs as an episode of the Mahabharata.29.. Patanjali.--its hidden mystery."--pancharatnani--of Devanagiri literature. OCR software. time. no royalty is due.
changing into lyrical measures where the text itself similarly breaks. aeterna atque divina. The weight of evidence. cujus oraculis mens ad excelsa quaeque. and into English by Mr. but not conveying the dignity or grace of the original. If I venture to offer a translation of the wonderful poem after so many superior scholars.between its teachings and those of the New Testament. breaks forth into this outburst of delight and praise towards its unknown author: "Magistrorum reverentia a Brachmanis inter sanctissima pietatis officia refertur. Its scene is the level country between the Jumna and the Sarsooti rivers-now Kurnul and Jheend. and perhaps there are really echoes in this Brahmanic poem of the lessons of Galilee. There is little else to say which the "Song Celestial" does not explain for itself. cum inenarraoih quddam delectatione rapitur-te primum. tends to place its composition at about the third century after Christ. Numinisque hypopheta! quisquis tandem inter mortales dictus tu fueris. the Supreme Deity. inquam. and indeed. it is in grateful recognition of the help derived from their labours. salvere jubeo. or the Evangelists and Apostles from him. with Krishna. For the most part. into Greek by Galanos. Its simple plot consists of a dialogue held by Prince Arjuna.. however.quaeque. the prose transcript of the last-named being truly beyond praise for its fidelity and clearness." Those who would read more upon the philosophy of the poem may find an admirable introduction in the volume of Mr Davies. but Mr Kasinath Telang has offered some fair arguments to prove it anterior to the Christian era. into Italian by Stanislav Gatti. et vestigia tua semper adore. into Latin by Lassen. so striking are some of the moralities here inculcated. and because English literature would certainly be incomplete without possessing in popular form a poetical and philosophical work so dear to India. CONTENTS . carminis bujus auctor. This raises the question of its date.his study of the poem. Vates sanctissime. and of the Syrian incarnation. The poem has been turned into French by Burnouf.I. It must have been inlaid into the ancient epic at a period later than that of the original Mahabharata. but Schlegel himself had to say: "In reconditioribus me semper poetafoster mentem recte divinasse affirmare non ausim. and this conversation is maintained in a war-chariot drawn up between the opposing hosts. the brother of King Yudhisthira. wearing the disguise of a charioteer. and so close the parallelism--ofttimes actually verbal-. Mr Telang has also published at Bombay a version in colloquial rhythm. A great battle is impending between the armies of the Kauravas and Pandavas. printed by Messrs Trubner & Co. which cannot be positively settled. that a controversy has arisen between Pandits and Missionaries on the point whether the author borrowed from Christian sources. The Sanskrit original is written in the Anushtubh metre.. C.S. Ergo te primum. I have therefore cast it into our flexible blank verse. EDWIN ARNOLD. which cannot be successfully reproduced for Western ears. Thomson and Mr Davies. I believe the sense to be faithfully preserved in the following pages. eminently learned and intelligent." Lassen re-echoes this splendid tribute.
RELIGION BY SEPARATION OF MATTER AND SPIRIT XIV. THE SEPARATENESS OF THE DIVINE AND UNDIVINE XVII. Raja Duryodhana to Drona drew. Thy scholar in the war! Therein stand ranked Chiefs like Arjuna. With Yudhamanyu. RELIGION BY SERVICE OF THE SUPREME IX. THE DISTRESS OF ARJUNA II. and." Arjuna blew Indra's loud gift. with knotted locks. Weakest-meseems. RELIGION BY THE KINGLY KNOWLEDGE AND THE KINGLY MYSTERY X. Aswatthaman. Chekitan. How vast it is of Pandu fighting-men. Dhrishtaket. THE MANIFESTING OF THE ONE AND MANIFOLD XII. eminent upon his car. Drupada. as the blasts Of loosened tempest. blew his great conch Carved of the "Giant's bone. RELIGION BY THE HEAVENLY PERFECTIONS XI. Karna. RELIGION BY SEPARATION FROM THE QUALITIES XV. Kasi's stout lord. And spake these words: "Ah. Kripa fierce in fight. the trumpeter Blew the great Conch. ready this day to die For me their king. each with his weapon grasped.Wolf-bellied Bhima-blew a long reed-conch. and Saivya.I. Guru! see this line. upon their car of gold Yoked with white steeds. Purujit. THE RELIGION OF KNOWLEDGE V.On Kurukshetra--say. RELIGION BY SELF-RESTRAINT VII. RELIGION BY THE THREEFOLD FAITH XVIII. with full many more Valiant and tried. Krishna the God. And Bhima. at the noise of it.-all famed! All mounted on their shining chariots! On our side. Yuyudhan. commanders of my line. Embattled by the son of Drupada. RELIGION OF RENOUNCING WORKS VI. Sanjaya! say What wrought my people. Vikarna. and Uttamauj Subhadra's child. Benders of bows. too. blow my shell!" Then. something too strong! Have care our captains nigh to Bhishma's ranks Prepare what help they may! Now. RELIGION BY DISCERNMENT VIII. like to Bhima chiefs.Our battle shows where Bhishma holds command. VIRTUE IN WORK IV. RELIGION OF FAITH XIII. Virata. Bhima the terrible-. blowing their battle-shells. such the tumult seemed! Then might be seen. and the Pandavas? Sanjaya: When he beheld the host of Pandavas. fronting him. Arjuna at his side: Krishna. RELIGION BY DELIVERANCE AND RENUNCIATION CHAPTER I Dhritirashtra: Ranged thus for battle on the sacred plain-. rolling around Like to a lion's roar. Trumpets and drums. Then Bhishma. THE BOOK OF DOCTRINES III. With blare to wake the blood. RELIGION BY ATTAINING THE SUPREME XVI. and Drupadi's. Kuntibhoj. at the signal of the aged king. Whose names I joy to count: thyself the first. Each skilful in the field. . cymbals and gongs and horns Burst into sudden clamour.--thou best of Brahmans! see Excellent chiefs. next to these Strong Saumadatti.
I would see more nigh These who will fight with us." Sahadev on his Called"Gem-bedecked. and sons-in-law. Janardana? By overthrow of houses perisheth Their sweet continuous household piety. who see. being bereft Of funeral-cakes and the wan death-water. seeing those opposed. O Madhusudan! will I strike to gain The rule of all Three Worlds." and Kasi's Prince on his. What peace could come of that. and fathers-in-law. O Keshav! nought of good Can spring from mutual slaughter! Lo. we shall grow guilty by their deaths. Drupada. all blew loud. yon concourse of our kin. how much less To seize an earthly kingdom! Killing these Must breed but anguish. (O Lord of Earth!) Long-armed Subhadra's children. what span Of life itself seem sweet.[FN#1] So teach our holy .And Yudhisthira." And Nakula blew shrill upon his conch Named the "Sweet-sounding. or will not see. with his sons. Then 'twas. For whose sake life was fair. blinded by lust and wrath. Brothers. Kunti's blameless son. And power grew precious:-grandsires. from my weak hand slips Gandiv. (O Bharata!) Between the hosts that heavenly Charioteer Drove the bright car. O Madhava? For if indeed. Its women grow unwomaned. mixed With friends and honoured elders. what rule recompense. Sending a Hell-ward road that family. a fever burns My skin to parching. my tongue dries in my mouth. piety extinct-. and our kin.and their Lords. and sons. for. Krishna! If they be Guilty. some this side. Govinda! what rich spoils Could profit. the war Instant to break-Arjun. These cannot see.O thou Delight of Men. by Arjuna prayed. ready to die. and my hair Bristles with horror. while he uttered this: Arjuna. bought with such blood? Seeing that these stand here. whose ensign-badge Was Hanuman the monkey. the sin Of kingly lines o'erthrown and kinsmen slain. Obeying Dhritirashtra's sinful son.We who perceive the guilt and feel the shame-. Krishna! as I behold. Satyaki the Unsubdued. Virata. Some that side ranged: and. With quaking earth and thundering heav'n. The life within me seems to swim and faint. My members fail. Nothing do I foresee save woe and wail! It is not good. Sikhandi on his car. Thy kindred of the Kurus:" and the Prince Marked on each hand the kinsmen of his house. then. And whoso wrought its doom by wicked wrath. On bloodshed all are bent who throng this plain. "See!" spake he to Arjuna. Dauntless One! to yonder open ground Betwixt the armies. "Victory's Voice. spake this thing To Krishna the Divine. Winded a mighty shell. And-rites neglected. Grandsires and sires. bows drawn forth. and the souls of honoured ancestors Fall from their place of peace. and the mingling-up of castes. So that the clangour shook their foemen's hearts. his charioteer: "Drive. and pleasure pleased. Their sins will light on us. Elders and friends! Shall I deal death on these Even though they seek to slay us? Not one blow. Dhrishtadyumn. How should not we.and Drona." Thus. sure. Such kith grown enemies-Arjuna's heart Melted with pity. sires. come here to shed Their common blood. uncles and brothers and sons. shun such a crime-. I hate Triumph and domination. Weapons unsheathing. A shudder thrills my body. reining its milk-white steeds Where Bhishma led. hardly may I stand. "where they stand. the goodly bow. Nay. those we must slay To-day. whence there spring Mad passions. Thus sadly won! Aho! what victory Can bring delight. Cousins and sons-in-law and nephews.Beholding Dhritirashtra's battle set. if we shall slay Those sons of Dhritirashtra.Enters impiety upon that home. wealth and ease. in war's arbitrament.
nor ever will not be." CHAPTER II Sanjaya. Arjun! Forbid thyself to feebleness! it mars Thy warrior-name! cast off the coward-fit! Wake! Be thyself! Arise. With eyes tear-dimmed. that doth live.Both worshipful. Him. nor those that die. thrilling to the elements-- . And guiltily survive! Ah! were it worse-who knows?--to be Victor or vanquished here. shoot with shafts On Bhishma. So speaking. Ahovat! what an evil fault it were! Better I deem it.Thy sense-life. filled with such compassion and such grief. When those confront us angrily Whose death leaves living drear? In pity lost. nor any one of these. sick at heart. nor thou. in the face of those two hosts. (O Bharata! ) While the Prince wept despairing 'twixt those hosts. Scourge of thy Foes! Arjuna. the Guide I reverence most. Ever was not. and bare my breast To shaft and spear. lives always! To man's frame As there come infancy and youth and age. To whom. both honourable men? Better to live on beggar's bread With those we love alive. My thoughts-distracted-turn To Thee. Krishna made answer in divinest verse: Krishna. and fear not. Nor I. than answer blow with blow. Barring the path of virtue? Nay. How hath this weakness taken thee? Whence springs The inglorious trouble. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. in the battle. Thus. Which the wise know. All. For ever and for ever afterwards. if my kinsmen strike. So spake Arjuna to the Lord of Hearts. How can I. So come there raisings-up and layings-down Of other and of other life-abodes. If I were earth's unchallenged chief-. HERE ENDETH CHAPTER I.hymns. Arjuna sank upon his chariot-seat. thus addressed: Krishna.A god--and these gone thence! Sanjaya. Than taste their blood in rich feasts spread. shameful to the brave. Thou grievest where no grief should be! thou speak'st Words lacking wisdom! for the wise in heart Mourn not for those that live. And let fall bow and arrows. despondent." Or "The Book of the Distress of Arjuna. by doubtings tossed. That I may counsel learn: I know not what would heal the grief Burned into soul and sense. To face them weaponless. in stern words The Driver. This that irks-. Entitled "Arjun-Vishad. Madhusudan."I will not fight!" held silence then. And sighing. with tender smile. or on Drona-O thou Chief!-. if we slay Kinsfolk and friends for love of earthly power.
For that which cannot suffer. Mystical hearing for every one! Nor wotteth man this. Impenetrable.Knowing it so. infinite. "Lo! I am slain!" those both Know naught! Life cannot slay. to speak upon! Strange and great for tongue to relate. untouched. And passeth to inherit A residence afresh. then. like the man new-born. still living man-. existent Spirit--wilt thou weep? The end of birth is death. Glorious and fair. But. unsought. my Prince! Hides beyond harm. ineffable. Life is not slain! Never the spirit was born. and tremble not! Nought better can betide a martial soul Than lawful war. all-arriving. Of those who held thee mighty-souled the scorn Thou must abide. self-sustained. Immortal. waters cannot o'erwhelm. But for these fleeting frames which it informs With spirit deathless. happy the warrior To whom comes joy of battle--comes. opening for him A gateway unto Heav'n. When seeing. Do thy part! Be mindful of thy name. stayed. between them. Be anywise diminished.Bringing thee heat and cold. to mock The valour which thou hadst. thou bidd'st Duty and task go by--that shall be sin! And those to come shall speak thee infamy From age to age. It cannot anywhere. to contemplate! Difficult. Let them perish. spreading life through all. beings perceive: What is there sorrowful herein. ever all itself. and saying. Chief of the stalwart arm! for what befalls Which could not otherwise befall? The birth Of living things comes unperceived. the spirit shall cease to be never. Thus is the Soul declared! How wilt thou. stable. while all thine enemies Will scatter bitter speech of thee. And taking new ones.One same. dead though the house of it seems! Who knoweth it exhaustless. sayeth. knowing thy duty and thy task. and hearing are done! This Life within all living things. or caused to kill?" Nay. They perish. what a marvel it is. wistful. "These will I wear to-day!" So putteth by the spirit Lightly its garb of flesh. To see this truth of both Is theirs who part essence from accident. Indestructible. Death hath not touched it at all. I say to thee weapons reach not the Life. unharmed. Substance from shadow. but infamy is worse For men of noble blood to bear than death! The chiefs upon their battle-chariots Will deem 'twas fear that drove thee from the fray. that which is not Will not exist. Learn thou! the Life is. Prince! As the wise bear. sure. doubtful. Lives in the life undying! That which is Can never cease to be.--shall such Say. or changed. by word And thought uncompassed. End and Beginning are dreams! Birthless and deathless and changeless remaineth the spirit for ever. Never was time it was not. The soul which is not moved. by any means. indestructible. unassailed. scorn thou to suffer.--grieve when thou shouldst not grieve? How. Prince! and fight! He who shall say. if thou hearest that the man new-dead Is. "I have killed a man. dear Prince? Wonderful. if thou shunn'st This honourable field--a Kshattriya-.If. sorrows and joys. "Lo! I have slain a man!" He who shall think. Immortal. then. but as when one layeth His worn-out robes away. endless.-. what fate could fall More grievously than this? Either--being killed-- . 'Tis brief and mutable! Bear with it. the end of death Is birth: this is ordained! and mournest thou. Flame burns it not. Nor dry winds wither it. Unentered. the death Comes unperceived. Invisible. The soul that with a strong and constant calm Takes sorrow and takes joy indifferently. as now.
and in joys Not overjoyed. Arjuna! simple. dwelling outside the stress Of passion. following whereon Large merit shall accrue towards wealth and power. Kesava? Sits he. No loss be feared: faith--yea. be free of the "three qualities. When thy firm soul Hath shaken off those tangled oracles Which ignorantly guide.Thou wilt win Swarga's safety.Forth from the bands of body. and sure. Glory of the Kurus! shines one rule-.One steadfast rule--while shifting souls have laws Many and hard. not the fruit which comes from them. satisfied![FN#3] Look! like as when a tank pours water forth To suit all needs. Seek refuge in thy soul. This is Yog--and Peace! Arjuna. Therefore. Much these teach. no hope marred. Albeit. steadfastly bent On meditation. understanding. a little faith-. O Pritha's Son! Abandoning desires which shake the mind-. than the right-thinking mind. but wrongful deem The speech of those ill-taught ones who extol The letter of their Vedas. In various rites abounding. What is his mark who hath that steadfast heart." promising men Much profit in new births for works of faith. Passing above them.--such an one Is Muni. He hath attained the Yog--that man is such! In sorrows not dejected. takes evil things and good Neither desponding nor exulting. so do these Brahmans draw Text for all wants from tank of Holy Writ. Here. casting all self aside."[FN#2] and free From that sad righteousness which calculates. To highest seats of bliss. step by step." But thou. have there thy heaven! Scorn them that follow virtue for her gifts! The mind of pure devotion--even here-.Casts equally aside good deeds and bad. arise. Unto pure devotion Devote thyself: with perfect meditation Comes perfect act. Safe shall it live. the true Recluse! He who to none and nowhere overbound By ties of flesh. Which holding. and anger. Troubled no longer by the priestly lore." Free of the "pairs of opposites. least hold On heavenly meditation. From Veds. Specious. "This Is all we have. gird thee to the fight. or need.Hear now the deeper teaching of the Yog.Finds in his soul full comfort for his soul. such Bears wisdom's plainest mark! He who shall draw As the wise tortoise draws its four feet safe Under its shield. When one. is the Sage. is piety! Yet. Self-ruled. nerve thy heart to meet-. thou Son of Kunti! brace Thine arm for conflict. fear. moves he Like other men? Krishna. such an one. But thou. fixed in calms Of lofty contemplation. and the right-hearted rise-. then shall it soar To high neglect of what's denied or said. in doctrinal writ. or--alive And victor--thou wilt reign an earthly king.As "fruit of good deeds done. far less. who wealth and power do most desire Least fixity of soul have such. Here shall no end be hindered. victory or defeat: So minded.As things alike to thee--pleasure or pain. saying. Confirmed in holy meditation? How Know we his speech.More certainly because they seek no gain-. Contemning gain and merit. thou shalt burst Thy Karmabandh. equable In good or evil: equability Is Yog. his five frail senses back Under the spirit's buckler from the world Which else assails them.Shall save thee from the anguish of thy dread." being weak at heart With wants. for so Thou shalt not sin! Thus far I speak to thee As from the "Sankhya"--unspiritually-. This way or that way. seekers of Heaven: which comes--they say-. the right act Is less. Profit or ruin. want not! ask not! Find full reward Of doing right in right! Let right deeds be Thy motive. the bondage of wrought deeds. And live in action! Labour! Make thine acts Thy piety. . concerning the "three qualities. my Prince! Hath wisdom's mark! Things that solicit sense Hold off from the self-governed.
Nor hath he knowledge of himself. And out of that tranquillity shall rise The end and healing of his earthly pains. with the Gods. and wrest Strong self-control by the roots. mind. which lacked. And. making them Serve his free soul.Only with him who holds his mastery. Entitled "Sankhya-Yog. then the memory--all betrayed-. Shows wisdom perfect. from attraction grows desire. Taking their tribute. if one deals with objects of the sense Not loving and not hating. it comes. from passion. great Prince! Whose senses are not swayed by things of sense-. and sit On Me intent. which never overflows Its boundary-line not leaping. attaining. Fed by the rivers. Only with him. They leave him as they find." Toucheth tranquillity! O Pritha's Son! That is the state of Brahm! There rests no dread When that last step is reached! Live where he will. Die when he may. How grows serenity? and.nay. from the sin of "Self. The appetites of him who lives beyond Depart. there springs Attraction." CHAPTER III Arjuna. day by day receiving Floods from all lands. But. such passeth from all 'plaining. shaking off the yoke of flesh Lives lord. Thou whom all mortals praise. O Son of Kunti! that a governed mind Shall some time feel the sense-storms sweep. but unswelled by those. Whence shall he hope for happiness? The mind That gives itself to follow shows of sense Seeth its helm of wisdom rent away. drives To wreck and death. and not leaving. Yet may it chance. not servant.--aroused no more. like a ship in waves of whirlwind. wanting that. of his lusts. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA.-So is the perfect one! to his soul's ocean The world of sense pours streams of witchery. Such is the Saint! And like the ocean. The soul of the ungoverned is not his. That man alone is wise Who keeps the mastery of himself! If one Ponders on objects of the sense. but remaining sea. What is midnight-gloom To unenlightened souls shines wakeful day To his clear gaze. Lo! such a man comes to tranquillity. and saps the mind. without commotion. thick night of ignorance. Janardana! If meditation be a nobler thing Than . passion breeds Recklessness. what seems as wakeful day Is known for night. Let him regain His kingdom! let him conquer this. To his true-seeing eyes. set free From pride. HERE ENDETH CHAPTER II. To blest Nirvana. Desire flames to fierce passion. Since the will governed sets the soul at peace. which rests serenely lord." Or "The Book of Doctrines. Yea! whoso. Till purpose.Lets noble purpose go. and man are all undone.
Yet in his idle heart thinking on them." Who eat of food after their sacrifice Are quit of fault. nothing achieved. The fool. which doth save in way of works Prescribed[FN#4] by reason. eat sin and drink of sin. Spake Prajapati-. wherefore. no height Awaits to scale. would decline from good. when it pays Tithes in the altar-flame. Your 'Cow of Plenty. two schools of wisdom. cheated by self. He who sits Suppressing all the instruments of flesh. But if one eats Fruits of the earth. Gives up his mortal powers to worthy work. And sacrifice is paid with tithes of toil. if I acted not-Earnest and watchful--those that look to me For guidance. Bharata! Even as the unknowing toil. at any time. Plays the inept and guilty hypocrite: But he who. What the wise choose The unwise people take. Not sowing in those simple. and tell me certainly.action. sense-freed. and no jot of time. Shameful and vain. at all times Present in sacrifice. Unlike world-binding toil. Self-concentrated. Yea! let each play his part In all he finds to do. who is One. Worship the gods thereby. So let the enlightened toil. Rests any actionless. Glutting his idle sense. his nature's law Compels him. thy task prescribed With spirit unattached gladly perform. into act. blameless Lord! there be two paths Shown to this world. [For thought is act in fancy]. First The Sankhya's. thinks. Thou Son of Pritha! in the three wide worlds I am not bound to any toil. nay. that thief steals from his world. Thus action is of Brahma. And. No part hath he in aught.' giving back her milk Of all abundance. Those meats ye crave The gods will grant to Labour. such earthly duty do Free from desire. Do thine allotted task! Work is more excellent than idleness. next. for the upholding of thy kind. the Yog. All things are everywhere by Nature wrought In interaction of the qualities. with unyoked soul. great Kesava! Dost thou impel me to this dreadful fight? Now am I by thy doubtful speech disturbed! Tell me one thing. By food the living live."Do this! Work! sacrifice! Increase and multiply With sacrifice! This shall be Kamaduk. And I should break earth's order and commit Her offspring unto ruin. And rain comes by the pious sacrifice. Nay. The body's life proceeds not. Look on me. no gift remains to gain. Yet I act here! and. By works alone Janak and ancient saints reached blessedness! Moreover. with strong body serving mind. food comes of rain. The Only.[FN#5] Therefore. rendering to kindly Heaven No gift of toil. Arjuna! such an one Is honourable. lives a lost life. which bindeth not The faithful soul. lacking work. All-pervading. what best men do The multitude will follow. wedded to sense. which bids Attain by meditation. He that abstains To help the rolling wheels of this great world. Nought wrought or unwrought toucheth him. Since in performance of plain duty man Mounts to his highest bliss. then. with mankind. and none shall come By mere renouncements unto perfectness. but set To bring the world deliverance. There is a task of holiness to do. no hope Of help for all the living things of earth Depends from him. spiritually: Yet these are one! No man shall 'scape from act By shunning action. Existing for himself.In the beginning. serving self alone. "This I did" And "That I . The gods shall yield thee grace. and its bliss. but they that spread a feast All for themselves. when all men were made. the sacrifice-. and thou shalt well perform Thy heavenly purpose. sinking back to sloth again Because I slumbered. By what road shall I find the better end? Krishna. even unwilling. I told thee. Not seeking gain. Action thou should'st embrace. busy hearts Seed of despair.
and reason--these. knowing them enemies. that one do His own task as he may. Wherefore. mind. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. Mighty of appetite. serene. the world is strong. unwilling. Those make thou not to stumble. But those who disregard My ordinance." Or "The Book of Virtue in Work. Needs must it be The objects of the sense will stir the sense To like and dislike. and high o'er all the ruling Soul. Fair but deceitful. But what discerns it stronger. the instructed one Doth of his kind. Thinking they know. knowing not Nature's way.A better-lessoned mind. and fall to loss. And how the qualities must qualify. With meditation centred inwardly. so passed it down the line Of all my . Th' untaught Live mixed with them.wrought. Teacher! by what force doth man Go to his ill. knowing the play Of visible things within the world of sense. as clinging rust Mars the bright mirror. Have quittance from all issue of their acts. Sinful. Heedless of issue--fight! They who shall keep My ordinance thus. Entitled "Karma-Yog. Yet tell me. and the mind Strongest. Finally." CHAPTER IV Krishna. thou strong-armed Prince!-. The wise fall. Vivaswata to Manu gave it. the unresting foe It is of wisdom. he To Ikshwaku. Put forth full force of Soul in thy own soul! Fight! vanquish foes and doubts. in its play with these It maddens man. "but--ah. beguiling. and strong is this!--man's enemy! As smoke blots the white fire. enclosed in this desire of flesh. thou noblest child of Bharata! Govern thy heart! Constrain th' entangled sense! Resist the false. Than take tasks not his own. slow and dull. Sense. O Kunti's Son! Are booty for it. this deep union. know nought. though they seem good. But all thy dues discharging. Of highest aims unwitting. But who seeks other roads shall wander still. following what fits him most: And lower creatures of their kind. so is the world of things Foiled. This deathless Yoga. Which pusheth him. Standeth aloof even from his acts. for My sake. and would betray! HERE ENDETH CHAPTER III. Seeking no profit. as if one Pushed him that evil path? Krishna. Therefore. subtle as a flame. soft sinfulness which saps Knowledge and judgment! Yea. in vain Contending 'gainst the law.[FN#6] the Lord of Light. perceiving Him who reigns supreme. soiled. Kama it is! Passion it is! born of the Darknesses. having the light. blinding him. Arjuna. this is better. To die performing duty is no ill. 'Sooth. wearing countless forms. yet th' enlightened man Yields not to these. caught in it. as the womb surrounds The babe unborn. the wise and willing hearts. even though he fail. I taught Vivaswata. satisfied. dear Hero! slay What haunts thee in fond shapes. Confused and foolish.
O Bharata! when Wickedness Is strong. being works Wrought uninvolved. this mystery supreme-. consume Joys of the sense. . and come. was in these later days. Doth nothing that shall stain his separate soul. the flesh it eats Is Brahm. to the lower gods. "What is act. keeping their hearts Fixed upon me--my Faithful--purified By sacred flame of Knowledge. "From the beginning it was I who taught?" Krishna. Whoso worship me. all those saints of old Worked. And. those souls Which seek reward for works. and such an one. Unmoved by joy. so perceiving. make sacrifice Now. the fire is Brahm. And bright Vivaswata's preceded time! How shall I comprehend this thing thou sayest. nowise bound By bond of deeds. and portioned them a place After their qualities and gifts. Whose crave is gone. dear Lord. Which passeth purely into ash and smoke Consumed upon the altar! All's then God! The sacrifice is Brahm. too! But mine I know. Then. perplexed. Them I exalt. Such as these Mix with my being. thy fathers did. if he works. not the less-. And setting Virtue on her seat again. I Created. and move a man with men. by grief unmoved. acting or resting. dwells Sinless amid all sin. It hath been asked before By singers and by sages. I that live Immortally. by my magic which I stamp On floating Nature-forms. Nay. Who knows the truth touching my births on earth And my divine work. rest action--he Is wisest 'mid his kind.Rejecting outward impulse--yielding up To body's need nothing save body. knowing. Succouring the good. Thy birth. The truth grew dim and perished. The wise call that man wise. action binds not him. seeking for deliverance. Burned clean in act by the white fire of truth. the Reposeful. and unto Brahm attaineth he Who. he hath the truth! He doeth well. with years. in such office. I say to thee Here have they their reward. and thine thou knowest not. noble Prince! Now once again to thee it is declared-. From anger. Some votaries there be who serve the gods With flesh and altar-smoke. when he quits the flesh Puts on its load no more. make purer rite With will of worship.Doing. the ghee and grain Are Brahm.--and undoing. and go. indestructible.--not doing. Arjuna.royal Rishis.Seeing I find thee votary and friend. And what inaction? "I will teach thee this.I come.[FN#7] Who knows me acting thus Unchained by action. The Lord of all things living. falls no more down To earthly birth: to Me he comes. but of such an one. in the days gone by. and take Visible shape. from age to age. in white flame of continence. Freed In all his works from prickings of desire. from desire. Always self-satisfying. undying. When Righteousness Declines. with equal calm Taking what may befall. Of the which be they Who. albeit. but other some Who. unenvyingly. the primal vast-. thrusting the evil back. always content. whose soul is liberate. Arjuna! and of thy births. lighting subtler fires. But I am He Made the Four Castes. meditates on Brahm. dear Prince! Many there be who come! from fear set free. made all those mortal births: For works soil not my essence. And. delights of eye and ear. the same In good and evil fortunes. I rise. Which--quit of fear and hope--subduing self-. but all men everywhere Shall fall into my path. Thou sayst. thou shalt learn which work doth save Needs must one rightly meditate those three-. Manifold the renewals of my birth Have been. Renouncing fruit of deeds. O Slayer of thy Foes! Albeit I be Unborn. Work thou As. Here Thorny and dark the path is! He who sees How action may be rest. Whose heart is set on truth--of such an one What work he does is work of sacrifice. Yea.By Maya.This ancient lore.
and. Yea! and who feed on the immortal food Left of such sacrifice. Draw in their breath to feed the flame of thought. And breathe it forth to waft the heart on high. and cleaves to Truth. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA.Forgoing tender speech and sound of song: And they who. soul from works. making silent sacrifice. by strong search. As the kindled flame Feeds on the fuel till it sinks to ash. How should he share Another. Enlightened and emancipate. since gifts' worth--O my Prince! Lies in the mind which gives. Arjuna! unto nought The flame of Knowledge wastes works' dross away! There is no purifier like thereto In all this world. Governing the ventage of each entering air Lest one sigh pass which helpeth not the soul: And they who. So unto ash. Burning the body wan. Burn on a hidden altar-stone the bliss Of youth and love. hath vanquished doubt. no peace is here or other where. Believing. The uttermost repose. for the Truth shall show All things subdued to thee. Thou shalt be quit of doubt. Son of Pandu! wert thou worst Of all wrong-doers. day by day denying needs. Their steadfast reading of the scrolls. Yet. he receives it when the soul Masters itself. thy heart no more Will ache with error. Moreover." CHAPTER V Arjuna. and comes-. The sacrifice Which Knowledge pays is better than great gifts Offered by wealth. No hope. their lore Painfully gained with long austerities: And they who. Their penance. Son of Bharata! This doubt that binds thy heart-beats! cleave the bond Born of thy ignorance! Be bold and wise! Give thyself to the field with me! Arise! HERE ENDETH CHAPTER IV. But those untaught. Krishna! at the one time thou dost laud Surcease of works. as thou to Me. for knowing this. as if they slew Victims. and he who seeketh it Shall find it--being grown perfect--in himself. and all thereby efface much sin. O thou Glory of thy Line? In sight of Brahma all these offerings Are spread and are accepted! Comprehend That all proceed by act. at another . Disparting self from service. He that. meditation. nor happiness for whoso doubts. he hath nor part nor lot Even in the present world.Possessing knowledge--to the higher peace. By humble heed of those who see the Truth And teach it. Lo! all these keep The rite of offering. Lay life itself upon the altar-flame. kindling fires with torch of Truth. to Brahma pass. To The Unending. piety. Knowing Truth. my Prince! Works fetter him no more! Cut then atwain With sword of wisdom. And those without full faith. renouncing happiness: And they who lay for offering there their wealth. But for him that makes No sacrifice. being self-contained. Entitled "Jnana Yog. the will that serves: And these are gained by reverence. this fair ship of Truth Should bear thee safe and dry across the sea Of thy transgressions. and those who fear Are shent." Or "The Book of the Religion of Knowledge.
rejecting nought--dwells proof Against the "opposites. [Who will may have this Light. But. The world is overcome--aye! even here! By such as fix their faith on Unity. Nigh to the peace of God.] To him who wisely sees. slumbers or talks. the man's own self Pushes to these! The Master of this World Takes on himself the good or evil deeds Of no man--dwelling beyond! Mankind errs here By folly. Him seeking. he hath happiness. The joys Springing from sense-life are but quickening wombs Which breed sure griefs: those joys begin and end! The wise mind takes no pleasure. with Him blended. firm and fixed. The embodied sage. hearing. Always assured "This is the sense-world plays With senses. such breaks lightly from all deed: 'Tis the new scholar talks as they were two. Whoso is fixed in holiness. he doth Nirvana touch! Thus go the Rishis unto rest."[FN#9] neither doing aught Nor causing any deed. Holds fast or loosens. Of these twain plainly tell Which is the better way? Krishna. Service through work. Pure-hearted. when He eats. are fastened down. Nor lust for fruit of work. the elephant. renouncing fruit of deeds. Him meditating still. The souls illuminated take that road Which hath no turning back--their sins flung off By strength of faith.Yogins toil ever towards their souls' release. . With life. darkening knowledge. The sinless Brahma dwells in Unity. withdrawn within his soul. opes his eyes or shuts. Such votaries. "Nought of myself I do!" Thus will he think-who holds the truth of truths-. The cow."He that acts in thought of Brahm. with mind. Lost in the common life of all which lives-. who dwell With sins effaced. The Brahman with his scrolls and sanctities. Even while he lives and bears his body's chain. with act content. light. he is blest! He is the Yukta. Gain endless peace: the unvowed. Kunti's Son! In such as those! But if a man shall learn. the unclean dog. Chief! Is hard to win without much holiness. Such an one is not touched By taint of deeds. and be not over-sad Encountering grief. touching. smelling. nor passion for the work.In seeing. with heart."[FN#8] O valiant Prince! In doing. Detaching end from act. At every act sits godlike in "the town Which hath nine gateways. or goes. The Outcast gorging dog's meat. or breathes. Who sees these twain as one Sees with clear eyes! Yet such abstraction. in himself Finds bliss. And they in Brahma. This world's Lord makes Neither the work. with the help Of all five senses--letting selfhood go-. Who--seeking nought. To cease from works Is well. to Brahma joined by piety.-nay. Glad in all good they live. and both conduct to bliss supreme. still Constant let each abide! The sage whose sou Holds off from outer contacts. Be not over-glad Attaining joy. with hearts Governed and calm. for whom That darkness of the soul is chased by light. Seeking a fruit from works. with doubts at end. This Sankhya and this Yoga: wise men know Who husbands one plucks golden fruit of both! The region of high rest which Sankhyans reach Yogins attain. His spirit tastes eternal peace. Who hath it sees. That is the true Renouncer. within: his life is merged In Brahma's life. and to do works in holiness Is well.A "Yogayukt"--he is a Saint who wends Straightway to Brahm. The world of sense can no more stain his soul Than waters mar th' enamelled lotus-leaf.time. To master lust and anger. are all one. self-ruled. lord of senses and of self. but. stayed on Him. stayed on Brahma. But of these twain the better way is his Who working piously refraineth not. the passion-bound. Splendid and clear shines manifest the Truth As if a Sun of Wisdom sprang to shed Its beams of dawn. Contentment.
--not too much raised. O Prince! Is Sanyasi and Yogi--both in one And he is neither who lights not the flame Of sacrifice. and fear. and rage. not trample down his Self. taking alike Pleasure and pain. Setting result aside. Wherein who will shall find surety and shield! HERE ENDS CHAPTER V. Bent on deliverance. enemies. And saintship is the ceasing from all works. he is Yukta. Since Soul that is Self's friend may grow Self's foe. Obtained deliverance.--let him abide. and mind constrained. And He who heeds not.and all those live Who pass their days exempt from greed and wrath. Chance-comers. being Lord of Worlds. Yea! for he knows Me Who am He that heeds The sacrifice and worship. But Self turns enemy if Soul's own self Hates Self as not itself. lovers. Lover of all that lives. So is that well said: "By works the votary doth rise to faith. In a fair. his goods A cloth. glad With joy of light and truth. strangers. still spot Having his fixed abode. glory and shame. Regard as true Renouncer him that makes Worship by work. Aliens and kinsmen. Steadfastly meditating. knowing the Soul! The Saint who shuts outside his placid soul All touch of sense. ever and ever freed. friends. That one-with organs. the rock. loving all alike. Whose quiet eyes gaze straight from fixed brows. Because the perfect Yogin acts--but acts Unmoved by passions and unbound by deeds. cold. Whose outward breath and inward breath are drawn Equal and slow through nostrils still and close. God revealed. By this sign is he known Being of equal grace to comrades. solitary. Nor yet too low." Or "The Book of Religion by Renouncing Fruit of Works. a deerskin. the glistering gold Show all as one. letting no contact through. He is the Yogi. his passions laid away.--hath. Entitled "Karmasanyasayog. God unrevealed. Subduing self and senses. Evil or good. His thoughts controlled.[FN#10] The sovereign soul Of him who lives self-governed and at peace Is centred in itself. even now. Not seeking gain from work. Therefore. nor setteth hand to task. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA." CHAPTER VI Krishna. and the . heat. that man. Quit of belongings. Let each man raise The Self by Soul. heart. Sequestered should he sit. for who renounceth not Works not as Yogin. having put away Passion. dwelling apart Upon a peak. Soul is Self's friend when Self doth rule o'er Self. who doeth work rightful to do. with senses subjugate Whereto the clod.
I say. yea! well-perfected! Arjuna. setting hard his mind upon The One. To hold the wayward wind. calm. Wilful and strong.Kusa-grass. his gaze absorbed Upon his nose-end. in Me he dwells and lives. It were all one. dwell he where he may. Let him accomplish Yoga. quitting sin. Measured in wish and act. and in sport. The spirit passionless. and all living things In that Life-Soul contained. Arjuna! if a man sees everywhere-. I never let him go. sleeping betimes. step by step. Passes unhindered to the endless bliss Of unity with Brahma. and all in Me. Who dwell In all which lives. revealed to soul-. Made known by thee--I see no fixity Therein. when. Waking betimes for duty. Shaking off All longings bred by dreams of fame and gain. And thought has passed from thinking." That happy severance Yoga. He so vowed. where one is moderate In eating and in resting. call that state "peace. Nay. devout. holding immovable Body and neck and head. cannot be stirred or shook By any gravest grief. lost in the thought of Me. Tranquil in spirit. This Peace. Because he knows and worships Me. Shutting the doorways of the senses close With watchful ward. Krishna! rash. Vowed to the Infinite. He who thus vows His soul to the Supreme Soul. So living. Hero long-armed! beyond denial. free of fear. There. purged from offence. When mind broods placid. When the mind dwells self-wrapped. So blended. nor his who wears to waste His strength in vigils. harboured there. It deems no other treasure comparable. sees the Life-Soul resident In all things living. I think. and wavering. wavers not.[FN#11] rapt from all around. so oft Let him re-curb it. derived from equanimity. But. as often as the heart Breaks--wild and wavering--from control. centres on his soul the thought Straitly restrained--untouched internally By stress of sense--then is he Yukta. the peace Of high Nirvana! But for earthly needs Religion is not his who too much fasts Or too much feasts. This Yog. when it knows the nameless joy Beyond all scope of sense. intent Upon his Brahmacharya vow. Prince! By wont of self-command. nor looseneth he Hold upon Me. Restraining heart and senses. Krishna. But. call that man The perfect Yogin! Steadfastly the will Must toil thereto. Hold him a Yogi. Whate'er his life. as tame man's heart. Comes to the peace beyond. And whoso thus Discerneth Me in all. no rest. let him rein it back To the soul's governance. so. Slayer of Madhu! yet again. so devoted. and the soul broods Cumberless. knowing. Arjuna! call That the true piety which most removes Earth-aches and ills. till efforts end in ease. Such is the likeness of the Yogi's mind Shut from sense-storms and burning bright to Heaven. and cleaves to Me in all. True to the farther Truth. Yet may it grow restrained by habit.Only to soul! and. When the man. That Yojin. One Essence in the Evil and the Good. but.--My peace. silent. so controlled. Musing on Me. this Yog. See! Steadfast a lamp burns sheltered from the wind. When Self contemplates self. because the heart of men Is unfixed. for perfect bliss Grows only in the bosom tranquillised. and achieve Pureness of soul. it comes To gift of peace assured and heart assuaged. nor his who sleeps away An idle mind. soothed with holy wont. tumultuous. . hard Man's heart is to restrain.Taught by his own similitude--one Life. and in itself Hath comfort. holding this.
Beginneth life again in some fair home Amid the mild and happy. and mind. Whole and particular. Of many thousand mortals. ether. perfected by births Following on births. missing the perfect rule? Is he not lost. dear Prince! For by the old desire he is drawn on Unwittingly. the spoken Ved. having faith. Because no heart that holds one right desire Treadeth the road of loss! He who should fail. Such as one ranks Above ascetics." Or "The Book of Religion by Self-Restraint. Manifest.Cometh not lightly to th' ungoverned ones. being Yogi. Earth. straying from Brahma's light. I will declare to thee that utmost lore." CHAPTER VII Krishna. as I am. stayed on My Mystery! HERE ENDETH CHAPTER VI. dear Prince! how. But he who will be master of himself Shall win it. dwells there Measureless years. thou Son of Pritha! No! Nor earth. which floats 'twixt earth and heaven When lightning splits it. the very Truth. life. and being born anew. . Chief! So hath he back again what heights of heart He did achieve. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA.Nay. water. if thy soul be set Ever on Me--still exercising Yog. nor heaven is forfeit. when thou knowest. It may chance He doth descend into a Yogin house On Virtue's breast. Since. And what road goeth he who. Krishna! none save thou can clear the doubt. Desiring righteousness. Still making Me thy Refuge--thou shalt come Most surely unto perfect hold of Me. Entitled "Atmasanyamayog. air. with better hope. Krishna! in the striving. which. Like the vain cloud. even for him. Learn now. striving strong and long. and rise high--one only--here and there-. Krishna. perchance. cometh at death Unto the Region of the Just. if he stoutly strive thereto. Striveth for Truth. Beyond achievers of vast deeds! Be thou Yogi Arjuna! And of such believe. and so he strives anew To perfectness. one. But. but that is rare! Such birth Is hard to be obtained on this earth. Fails.Knoweth Me. He is not lost. Leaveth no more to know here in this world. Purged from transgressions. he plants his feet at last Upon the farther path. flame. and it vanisheth? Fain would I hear thee answer me herein. Truest and best is he who worships Me With inmost soul. Arjuna. higher than the wise. and only to desire The purity of Yog is to pass Beyond the Sabdabrahm. and of those few that strive-. And individuality--those eight Make up the showing of Me. falling back From holiness.
best That last is. They are not "mine. Above them all. produced. passing with their gods. yet they who worship Me Pierce it and pass beyond. Freed from the "opposites. nor to foolish ones. but mine own. holy in act. Yet am I right desire in all who yearn. whose knowledge. above all. Arjuna! know all things which were. the intellect Of the informed. But Mine come unto me! Blind are the eyes Which deem th' Unmanifested manifest. undeclared. quit of sins. I am the fire's red light. turned aside By this desire or that. The true of heart. I The silver of the moon. Chief of the Bharatas! for all those moods. .Deceived by those three qualities of being-. the faithful--stayed on me. Albeit not one among them knoweth Me! By passion for the "pairs of opposites. and the strength Of man's shed seed. informed. Taking me as their utmost blessedness."and fixed in faith. The splendour of the splendid. whence hath sprung whatever is. Which Nature frames. gives them to serve Some lower gods. nor to those Whose mind is cheated by the show of things." By those twain snares of Like and Dislike. Nor to the base and churlish.[FN#12] Four sorts of mortals know me: he who weeps. I am not known To evil-doers. and he who sits Certain of me. O Prince of India! highest. Soothfast. the thrill That passeth in the ether. Cleave unto Me. "All is Vasudev!"[FN#13] There be those. The wisdom of the wise.Worship what shrine they will. constrained By that which mouldeth them. am I To him. the greatness of the great. The holiness of hallowed souls.These be my lower Nature. I am the good sweet smell Of the moistened earth."but I--even I myself! At end of many births to Me they come! Yet hard the wise Mahatma is to find. Arjuna! and the man who yearns to know. by its principle of life. Eternal! Hard it is To pierce that veil divine of various shows Which hideth Me. And all which are. Nor those that take the way of Asuras. hath the end it craves. but all Are merged in me--not I in them! The world-.Wotteth not Me Who am outside them all. The lesser blessing--but 'tis I who give! Yet soon is withered what small fruit they reap: Those men of little minds. That man who sayeth. Unto all such-. enlightened. what shapes. and he is dearest unto me! All four are good. in faith-. learn the higher. The vital air moving in all which moves. or passionate." Dear.'Tis I who give them faith! I am content! The heart thus asking favour from its God. I am the fresh taste of the water. And he who toils to help. and all which are to be. save some few Who. viewless. thou Valiant One! this Universe Is. intent Upon "The One. Know! I am that womb: I make and I unmake this Universe: Than me there is no other Master. I am not known-. Darkened but ardent. the gold o' the sun. But I. I am not seen by all. the devout soul. Hidden behind my magic veil of shows. Go where they worship. deduce from me. free from passion and desire. Whereby. Prince! No other Maker! All these hang on me As hangs a row of pearls upon its string. Of these four. who worship so. the root Undying. or ignorant. Whereby the worlds of visible things are born As from a Yoni. Not comprehending Me in my true Self! Imperishable. The word of worship in the Veds. nearest. wise. Prince! All creatures live bewildered.Unborn and changeless--to the idle world. and seek me. Kunti's Son! These am I. too. with various rites.
And ADHIYAJNA. Thou Best of All! Thy work.Than the sun's burning gold more brightly glowing. With mind set fast and trustful piety. make me know How good men find thee in the hour of death? Krishna. And ADHYATMAN is My Being's name. comes forth to Me. Lord of sage and singer. He that hath meditated Me alone. I am the ADHIBHUTA. The ADHYATMAN. And ADHIYAJNA. my work. the KARMA? Tell me what it is Thou namest ADHIBHUTA? What again Means ADHIDAIVA? Yea. I--speaking with thee in this body here-." CHAPTER VIII Arjuna. Enters into My Being--doubt thou not! But. Ancient of days." Or "The Book of Religion by Discernment. Lord of Life. who begets. Shalt surely come to Me! All come who cleave With never-wavering will of firmest faith. thou embodied one! (for all the shrines Flame unto Me!) And. He goes to what he looked for. Boundless. with hearts of love and faith. in the hour when life is ending.--unto him hath been Right life! And. Lord of all the Gods. who seek in Me Refuge from birth[FN#14] and death. if he meditated otherwise At hour of death. Seen my effulgence--which no eye hath seen-. Lord of all the Gods. Lord of Sacrifice. Manifested in divided forms. HERE ENDETH CHAPTER VII. Because I am PURUSHA. Dispersing darkness. Worship Me well. The ADHYATMAN? What. Have Me.--but unto every atom Bringer Of that which quickens it: whoso. Lord of Lives. is KARMA called: And. at the hour of death. when heart and mind are fixed on Me. know Me Soul of Souls.Am. of all the Three Worlds Stay. know KARMA. Holiest! Whoso hath known Me. Causing all life to live.Who cleave. And ADHIDAIVA. those have the Truth! Those know Me BRAHMA. Owning none other Gods: all come to Me. And find and hold me in the hour of death. Hath known My form. Who is that BRAHMA? What that Soul of Souls. The Soul of Souls! What goeth forth from Me. In putting off his flesh. . and how it comes Thou canst be ADHIYAJNA in thy flesh? Slayer of Madhu! Further. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. The Uttermost. Lord of Sacrifice. I say. Kunti's Son! Because the Soul is fashioned to its like. in putting off the flesh. then. which passeth mortal knowing. And ADHIDAIVA. in thy heart always! and fight! Thou too. Purusha. Entitled "Vijnanayog. I BRAHMA am! the One Eternal GOD. Know I am ADHIBHUTA.
deeper. That way--the highest way--goes he who shuts The gates of all his senses. They fall not--those Mahatmas--back to birth. O Kunti's Son! that reach to Me. Yea! this vast company of living things-Again and yet again produced--expires At Brahma's Nightfall. unchanging. For who. which is the place of pain.Drawing still breath beneath calm brows unbending. Arjuna!--even Brahma's world-." whereto have striven Saints and ascetics--their road is the same. . Entitled "Aksharaparabrahmayog. centres the vital airs Upon his parting thought. looks Ever to Me. The worlds. . I Who spread The Universe around me--in Whom dwell All living Things--may so be reached and seen! . If ye know Brahma's Day Which is a thousand Yugas. That Life Is Mine. without its will. And. the sacred syllable-. locks desire Safe in his heart. But--higher.-In glad peace passeth to Purusha's heaven. . . better than prayer or fast. not like the life of sense. innermost--abides Another Life. [FN#14] Richer than holy fruit on Vedas growing. Prince! by faith Which wanders not. none other Gods regarding." CHAPTER IX . "Ultimate. all which is Fades back again to Him Who sent it forth. The place which they who read the Vedas name AKSHARAM. Taste birth no more. meditating Me. Riseth. attaining Me. In happy peace that faithful one doth die. Such wisdom is! The Yogi. . Greater than gifts. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. easily am I gained By such a Yogi. . which ends. murmuring OM.Emblem of BRAHM--dies. the PURUSHA. I. When that deep Night doth darken. if ye know The thousand Yugas making Brahma's Night. this way knowing. Then know ye Day and Night as He doth know! When that vast Dawn doth break." Or "The book of Religion by Devotion to the One Supreme God. Comes to the Utmost Perfect Peace at last. . Escaping sight. at Brahma's Dawn. there is a way to come Thither. and I am there! And. . to life new-born. th' Invisible Is brought anew into the Visible. The Infinite! the All! the Uttermost.Roll back again from Death to Life's unrest. . . . steadfastly set. This endures When all created things have passed away: This is that Life named the Unmanifest. But they. . and. and. . HERE ENDETH CHAPTER VIII. Thither arriving none return. But take the way of utmost blessedness. To life.
Yea. though manifold! I am the Sacrifice! I am the Prayer! I am the Funeral-Cake set for the dead! I am the healing herb! I am the ghee. a light of holiness With inmost splendour shining. So all things are in Me. the Lord. and swallows up.Creating all. Bring forth all that which is. veiled in form. Which but to know shall set thee free from ills.-. The Witness.Krishna. Death am I. Those visible things! Receive and strive to embrace The mystery majestical! My Being-. vain deeds doing. That farthest secret of My Heavens and Earths. reach not Me. the Refuge-House. Heaven's rain is mine to grant or to withhold. Ancestor.A royal lore! a Kingly mystery! Yea! for the soul such light as purgeth it From every sin. Yajur-Ved. Indian Prince! All things which be back to My Being come: At the beginning of each Kalpa. and the flame. moulded by Me. and Guard! The end of Learning! That which purifies In lustral water! I am OM! I am Rig-Veda.All of them--by the power of Prakriti. nowise attached! Thus doth the stuff of worlds. and that which burns! I am-of all this boundless Universe. plain to see.The Father. offering sacrifice of wakened hearts. and Immortal Life I am. those of noble soul Who tread the path celestial. and yet again. inexhaustible! They that receive not this. worship Me With hearts unwandering. Other. ruling all which lives.--by Me. Yet these great makings.Naught see they of My secret Presence.-. moving or still. the way of brutes and fiends. failing in faith To grasp the greater wisdom. keep their vows Of reverence and love. I make go forth The realms of visible things--without their will-. sustaining all--still dwells Outside of all! See! as the shoreless airs Move in the measureless space. and Free. the Unmanifest! In Me are all existences contained. Whence endless harvests spring! Sun's heat is mine. all Issue new-born from Me. Mother. deepest-concealed. Living or lifeless! Thus the worlds go on! The minds untaught mistake Me. Unendingly They glorify Me.--knowing Me the Source. Easy to walk by. the Fountain and the Sea of Life Which sends. Who. seek Me. And Life Invisible! . The Friend. but are not I. of Life. The Way. One Force in every place. fed On vainest knowledge. Th' Eternal Source. Not I in them! Yet they are not contained. Treasure of Worlds And Treasure-Chamber! Seed and Seed-Sower. with changeless faith Adoring Me. senselessly they seek An evil way. nought Of My hid Nature. At closing of each Kalpa. Prince! involve Me not Enchain Me not! I sit apart from them. Again. But My Mahatmas. Visible Life. Vain hopes pursuing. The Mantra. Arjuna! SAT and ASAT. the Judge. and those too adore. Have sense of one pervading Spirit's stress. Sama-Veda. but are not space. Now will I open unto thee--whose heart Rejects not--that last lore. the Abode. [And space were space without the moving airs]. Destroyer of thy foes! They sink anew Into the realm of Flesh. the Fosterer. and Higher. By Energy And help of Prakriti my outer Self. where all things change! By Me the whole vast Universe of things Is spread abroad.
Though they be born from the very womb of Sin. I bring assurance of full bliss beyond. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. Unto My rest your spirits shall be guided. the chain which holdeth men To good and evil issue. So shalt thou free thyself From Karmabandh. Following the threefold Scripture and its writ. Prince! Eating or sacrificing. Praying or fasting. let it all be done For Me. pay sacrifice--from Me they earn Passage to Swarga. a fruit.By faith and abdication joined to Me! I am alike for all! I know not hate. Come to the world of death and change once more. Whoso shall offer Me in faith and love A leaf. They are in Me. lovingly made With pious will." Or "The Book of Religion by the Kingly Knowledge and the Kingly Mystery. Entitled "Rajavidyarajaguhyayog. their prayers arise to me. with minds set fast. and wage for merits given. Prince! If one of evil life turn in his thought Straightly to Me. They had their recompense! they stored their treasure. I love. Woman or man. who drink the Soma-wine. how then The holy Brahmans and My Royal Saints? Ah! ye who into this ill world are come-. sprung of the Vaisya caste Or lowly disregarded Sudra. Nay. when that prodigious joy is o'er. which these know not Rightfully. who vow Their souls to Pitris go to Pitris. a flower. For I am the Receiver and the Lord Of every sacrifice. Turning not otherwhere. Yet they. where the meats divine Of great gods feed them in high Indra's heaven. water poured forth. Thou Prince of India! Be certain none can perish. giving gifts. Who seeketh such gaineth the fleeting pleasure Of joy which comes and goes! I grant them it! But to those blessed ones who worship Me." . That offering I accept. O Kunti's Son! though they pray wrongfully. he shall attain that peace Which changes not. Purge sins. HERE ENDS CHAPTER IX. Paradise spent.Fleeting and false--set your faith fast on Me! Fix heart and thought on Me! Adore Me! Bring Offerings to Me! Make Me prostrations! Make Me your supremest joy! and. minds To evil Bhuts given o'er sink to the Bhuts. and I in them! Nay. as Mine.Yea! those who learn The threefold Veds. count him amidst the good. so they fall to earth again! Who follow gods go to their gods. undivided. so shalt come Safe unto Me-when thou art quit of flesh-. And whoso loveth Me cometh to Me.--all Plant foot upon the highest path. I know not favour! What is made is Mine! But them that worship Me with love. trusting Me! O Pritha's Son! whoso will turn to Me. he shall grow Righteous ere long. Whate'er thou doest. He hath the high way chosen. and of hearts which follow other gods In simple faith.
of the faculties to living beings given The mind which apprehends and thinks. and grief or joy of soul.I give a mind of perfect mood. their ignorance dispel. Maker Supreme! Master of all the living! Lord of Gods! King of the Universe! To Thee alone Belongs to tell the heavenly excellence Of those perfections wherewith Thou dost fill These worlds of Thine. Maritchi of the Maruts. Pervading. and wise. of gods in Indra's Heaven Vasava. And birth and death. and will to help. those Lords of Light.--all cometh of My gift! The Seven Chief Saints. and fearlessness. self-control. and sweet harmlessness. And. and Pavaka Of Vasus. Yes! Thou art Parabrahm! The High Abode! The Great Purification! Thou art God Eternal. Vyasa Asita.Sharing My work--to rule the worlds. the Elders Four. Whatever Natures be To mortal men distributed. Of Yakshas and of Rakshasas. And. So have they happiness and peace. with pious thought and speech. Hearts fixed on Me. Holy. endurance. And honour. Thy great appearances. Wherefrom who comprehends My Reign of mystic Majesty-. unbegun. praising Me. thou Long-Armed Lord! these latest words I say-Uttered to bring thee bliss and peace. Who have made the gods and Rishis long ago. skill. the golden Sun of burning cloudless Noon.[FN#17] and peace which is the same Whate'er befalls. of Rudras Sankara. by one thought of My mind. whereby they draw to Me. with faith-enlightened eyes. and shame. Unborn. And Rishis. And unto these--thus serving well. Arjuna. Lord of the Worlds. Pitris. and thrift. by Me all creatures wrought. each to each. and Devalas. breaths breathed to Me. Immanent! How shall I learn. all.CHAPTER X Krishna. though I muse continually? Under what form of Thine unnumbered forms Mayst Thou be grasped? Ah! yet again recount.That truth of truths--is thenceforth linked in faultless faith to Me: Yea! knowing Me the source of all. The wise in spirit cleave to Me. By Night. the races of mankind. Thou High Delight of Men! Never enough Can mine ears drink the Amrit[FN#18] of such words! Krishna. and of mountain-peaks Meru. those natures spring from Me! Intellect. Who seeth Me. the Lordly Manus set-. Vittesh. the Kings of Storm and Blight. thus loving ceaselessly-. by Me they live. within their darkened souls I dwell. Truthfulness. And wish to give. undying. All-creating. Manus. enlightenment.Not the great company of gods nor kingly Rishis know My Nature. From Me they come. equability. First. O Kesava! that neither gods nor men Nor demons comprehend Thy mystery Made manifest. to fill this world. Supremest Mystery! To know Thee. And here Thyself declaring unto me! What Thou hast said now know I to be truth.[FN#l6] Hear farther yet. whose powers are manifold! I am the Spirit seated deep in every creature's heart. Hanta! So be it! Kuru Prince! I will to thee unfold Some portions of My Majesty. Clear and complete. Thence did arise. By day I gleam. and mirth. The secrets of Thy Majesty and Might. He only knoweth-only he is free of sin. with bright rays of wisdom's lamp. and fearfulness. and piety. at My word they depart! Vishnu of the Adityas I am. the dappled Moon! Of Vedas I am Sama-Ved. Without beginning! Lord of Lords and Gods! Declared by all the Saints--by Narada. 'mid Warriors . into My Being brought. Vrihaspati Know Me 'mid planetary Powers. these too did I beget. Divinest! Thou Thyself Thyself alone dost know. all for love of them. who lovest Me alway-. and tears. amid the asterisms I glide.
abide its separate Lord! HERE ENDETH CHAPTER X. and Kapila of Munis. of all the water-floods the Sea which drinketh each. The unfolding of the Mystery . and bears. round Mandara entwined. sage divine. my Arjuna! thyself. but it exists by Me! Nor tongue can tell. Vasuki of the serpent-tribes. and of this Pandu brood Thyself!--Yea. Dwandwa[FN#20] of knitted speech. and Centre of all which is or seems I am. Yea! First. for my soul's peace. For wheresoe'er is wondrous work. and the gem Of flying steeds. of cows white Kamadhuk. and eyesight of the eyes.heavenly Skanda. The great unbroken silence in learning's secret things. The policy of conquerors. deers. And Aswattha. and joyous sudden Birth. The splendour of the splendid. And bitter Death which seizes all. Fame. of all the seasons three The flower-wreathed Spring. of woodland-beasts-buffaloes. who am all. have I heard from Thee. and the greatness of the great. And Memory. Living or lifeless. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. of saints Vyasa. Yama the Judge I am. of males the Best and First. of birds the vast Garud. None of them is in all the worlds. from Amrit-wave which burst. and Craft. Of months the Margasirsha. Entitled "Vibhuti Yog. Of Daityas dread Prahlada. This. whose power sustaineth each. and OM of sacred speech. Uchchaisravas. Fortune." Or "The Book of Religion by the Heavenly Perfections. The whirlwind 'mid the winds. of metres Gayatri. for thou art Mine! Of poets Usana. Which brings to light all beings that are to be on earth. and Action! and the goodness of the good. and Constancy: Of Vedic hymns the Vrihatsam. Arjuna! nor end of telling come Of these My boundless glories. Time's self I am.[FN#19] of hills Himala's snow. Of prayers the prayer ye whisper. and Ganges 'mid the streams. Words on the uttering lips I am. From Me hath all proceeded. and Last. Song am I. And "A" of written characters. whatever beings be. of all the trees that grow. the potency of kings. From whose great milky udder-teats all hearts' desires are strook. Arjuna! Wisdom Supreme of what is wise.The lordly-painted tiger. Narada. The lore of all the learned. Of elephants Airavata. Makar 'mid fishes of the sea. of what metes days and years. whereof I teach thee some. And Bhrigu of the holy Saints. and made it all. and of water-things Varuna. the seed of all which springs. And thousand-fanged Ananta. 'mid chiefs Rama with blood imbrued. still or stirred. And Endless Life. and Chitrarath of them That sing in Heaven. and majesty. Victory I am. and boundless Love. and Patience. Of the Devarshis. on whose broad coils reclined Leans Vishnu. O Prince! the vastness of this word? I. of those that judge. And Vasudev of Vrishni's race." CHAPTER XI Arjuna. the fig-tree. in dicer's-play the conquering Double-Eight. and might. Aryam Of Pitris. Receive thou this aright! Yet how shouldst thou receive. and. Of weapons Heav'n's hot thunderbolt. And of the viewless virtues.
if I may bear the sight. . look! This is My glory. Stood. infinite. heaven. Gaze. all-wielding. unveiled to mortal sight! Sanjaya. Nameless--th' All-comprehending God of Gods. Make Thyself visible. Thrilled. for now I know-. and said: Arjuna. o'erfilled. and cried. So He showed! If there should rise Suddenly within the skies Sunburst of a thousand suns Flooding earth with beams undeemed-of. dazzled. Crowned with garlands of star-clusters.--on every side Perfect. the shell. Vasuki. see Thee burning In beams insufferable. comprehending which. As thou Thyself declar'st it. new light! And. thou Son of Pritha! I manifest for thee Those hundred thousand thousand shapes that clothe my Mystery: I show thee all my semblances.Thy central Self. and all-winning! Infinite King! I see The anadem on Thee. nowhere beginning. And in Thy countenance shine all the features Of Brahma. Nowhere a centre! Shifts-. as thy lips have said. divine. On GOD ETERNAL. Fain would I see. and hell With brilliance blazing. and heaven. Vasus.Wherever soul's gaze lifts-. then. Indian Prince! revealed to none save thee. VERY GOD! See Me! see what thou prayest! Thou canst not!--nor. Yea! mightiest Lord! I see Thy thousand thousand arms. Breathing from His perfect Presence Breaths of every subtle essence Of all heavenly odours. O King! the God. And whence their death. and blended In one Body--subtle. Then. My darkness is dispelled. My changeful hues. The club. the Never-Ending Deity! But. and faces. to Pritha's Son displaying All the splendour. and viewed. overspreading-. and dazed. Yea! I have seen! I see! Lord! all is wrapped in Thee! The gods are in Thy glorious frame! the creatures Of earth. O Thou Divinest One! If this can be. Arjuna! ever mayest! Therefore I give thee sense divine. Sovereign Lord! The likeness of that glory of Thy Form Wholly revealed. with human eyes. and Maruts. rich. diversified. Lighting earth. Adityas. Have other eyes.O Lotus-eyed![FN#21]--whence is the birth of men. Out of countless mouths commanding. dread Of His vast Almighty-head. And eyes. Behold! this is the Universe!--Look! what is live and dead I gather all in one--in Me! Gaze. shedding Blinding brilliance. Aswins. Rudras. Then might be that Holy One's Majesty and radiance dreamed of! So did Pandu's Son behold All this universe enfold All its huge diversity Into one vast shape. sore amazed. and the serpent races Ananta. Countless heavenly weapons bearing. and what the majesties Of Thine immortal rule. Countless mystic forms enfolding In one Form: supremely standing Countless radiant glories wearing. Robed in garb of woven lustres.Boundless. See! in this face of mine. the Eternal God! Krishna. so saying. and bowed his head. splendid. and hell In Thy Divine form dwell. Of saints and sages.Supreme Named Adhyatman. wonder. Out of countless eyes beholding. sitting lone Upon His lotus-throne. beautiful--all spaces With His all-regarding faces. And clasped his palms. and breasts. Lord of all prayers! Show me Thy very self. and be Visible. see Wonders unnumbered. the discus. And nowhere end of Thee. my countless forms. Arjuna knelt.
Siddhas. And. The Three Worlds quake. mouths wrathful and tender. the lower gods draw nigh Thee. Lord! I worship Thee. With awful brows a-glow. With eyes which all behold. The Fount whence Life's stream draws All waters of all rivers of all being: The One Unborn. whispering worship. Thee!--Where Thou art not. to witness so much splendour! I mark Thee strike the skies With front. Unnumbered eyes. With burning glance. Viswas.--seeing Thee with form stupendous. and revere In sudden-stricken fear. and lips lighted by fire Fierce as those flames which shall Consume. from bound to bound. the Undivided. who ride the storms. They fold their palms. Gone is heart's force.-. The worlds are filled with wonder Of Thy perfections! Space Star-sprinkled.glowing. as I adore Thee. Maruts. and orbs which see All things. beaming tender Throughout the stars and skies. Ushmapas. rebuked is mind's desire! When I behold Thee so. past seeing! Silver of moon and gold Of sun are glories rolled From Thy great eyes. and bow Body. Heaven! Ah me! I see no Earth and Heaven! Thee. east. Aswins. at close of all. and breast. Lord of Lords! I see. and void place From pole to pole of the Blue. Earth. Thy visage. Feet planted near and far. With faces manifold. whatever be In all Thy worlds. While countless companies take up the story. past thought. Tushes of terror. Th' Adityas' shining forms. and north and south. Awful One! At sight of Thee. Vasus and Sadhyas. and those great Twins The heavenly. laud and magnify Thee! Rishis and Siddhas cry "Hail! Highest Majesty!" From sage and singer breaks the hymn of glory In dulcet harmony. Thee. lit with sun and star. fair. and Asuras.[FN#22]-These see Thee. Look I whichever way. Ah. Hath Thee in every spot. The Uttermost of thought. as I quake.The Three wide Worlds before Thee Adore. Sounding the praise of Thee. and brow. Flanks. Marvellous Form! is nowhere found! O Mystic. and thy mouth Opened. vast arms. The Treasure-Palace wrought To hold the wealth of the worlds. Rudras. Doth to warm life surprise Thy Universe. in wondrous wise Huge. O Holy. members tremendous. Quake. Gandharvas. west. Yea! the Worlds. Rakshasas. Unending: Unchanging and Unblending! With might and majesty. the Shield provided To shelter Virtue's laws. O Eyes of God! O Head! My strength of soul is fled. Thee only-only Thee! Now let Thy . rainbow-painted. glittering. made known. turning Darkness to dazzling day. flashing.
strong-armed Prince. The best of both these armies torn and riven! Between Thy jaws they lie Mangled full bloodily. at Drona! at Bhishma strike! deal death On Karna. Great Dhritarashtra's sons. of all these hosts of hostile chiefs arrayed. obeying Thee. flying and dying. and--praying Grace of Krishna--stood there. By Me they fall--not thee! the stroke of death is dealt them now. come hither to consume. with deadly. With flaming jaws Thou tak'st. Hearing mighty Keshav's word.mercy unto me be given. timorously spoken: Arjuna. Lord of Might! The whole world hath delight In Thy surpassing power. that hast fashioned men. My instrument art thou! Strike. Filling life full. With bowed brow and accents broken. There stands not one shall leave alive the battlefield! Dismayed No longer be! Arise! obtain renown! destroy thy foes! Fight for the kingdom waiting thee when thou hast vanquished those. burning. stay all their warlike breath! 'Tis I who bid them perish! Thou wilt but slay the slain. Thou seest Me as Time who kills. and lips white-tushed. These words. Fight! they must fall. The Rakshasas. Vishnu! make me know Why is Thy visage so? Who art Thou. So to their death still throng. Worthily. great and small. Bhishma. Blind. all those multitudes. caught and crushed! The Kings and Chiefs drawn in. Jyadratha. in dread At sight of Thee. Excepting thee. I see our noblest ones. Namostu Te. So to that flaming cave Those heroes great and brave Pour. are sped To all four quarters. Ancient of Days. Even as they show thus gallantly. in unending streams. wild flying! Thou. Drona. Thou Refuge of the World! Lo! to the cavern hurled Of Thy wide-opened throat. Time who brings all to doom. Devavara! Prasid![FN#23] O Mightiest Lord! rehearse Why hast Thou face so fierce? Whence doth this aspect horrible proceed? Krishna. Devourest them again. saying. and Karna. One with another. Drawn to their fiery doom. victor upon this plain! Sanjaya. with helpless motion! Like moths which in the night Flutter towards a light. which go In headlong furious flow Straight to the gulfing deeps of th' unfilled ocean. Lapping them up! Lord God! Thy terrors strike From end to end of earth. Ground into dust and death! Like streams down-driven With helpless haste. dazzled. lurid dread! Ah. from birth To death. That gaping gorge within. alike! The creatures whom Thou mak'st. feasting thus upon Thy dead? Who? awful Deity! I bow myself to Thee. and thou must live. and the company . borne along Ceaselessly. Tremblingly that helmed Lord Clasped his lifted palms. The Slayer Time.
below. Divinest. more To reverence and adore Than all which is adorable and high! How. and formless being the Framer. Namostu! God adored! Namostu! Nameless Lord! Hail to Thee! Praise to Thee! Thou One in all. and All. than Brahma greater! Thou Infinite Creator! Thou God of gods. How should they not proclaim Thy Majesties. for all from Thee have risen Numberless now I see The aspects are of Thee! Vayu[FN#24] Thou art. the awe of Thee. As men use each to each. of all the worlds within Guru of Gurus." "Prince." nor comprehend Thy hidden majesty. or in jest. and 'tis to Thee They knelt in worshipping the old world's far light. Or when we lay at rest. And Agni's shining spark.Of Siddhas sound Thy name. above. Who stored The worlds with wealth of life! O Treasure-Claimer. The first of mortal men. cried on every side. and He who keeps the prison Of Narak. of all souls the Soul! The Comprehending Whole! Of being formed. Namaste. or in the throng. Life's Dwelling-place and Rest! Thou. straying in the grove.--to Thee Namo. Father of all below. On journey. in my heedlessness. most Holy! wrong. Sitting at council. Mightiest? Thou Brahm. For Thou art All! Yea. Who wottest all.Glory and praise. O Utmost One! O Lord! Older than eld. or in my love. Moon and starlight Are Thine! Prajapati Art Thou. Uttered where Thou dost come! Namo! we call. Did. Uttered when Thou dost go. The might. Speaking with easy speech. Thou! Ah! if in anger now Thou shouldst remember I did think Thee Friend. Did call Thee "Krishna. Alone. Varuna's waves are Thy waves. Do Thee. Yama dark. in the wide worlds three Should any equal be? Should any other share Thy Majesty? . Thou God! again A thousand thousand times be magnified! Honour and worship be-. and art Wisdom Thyself! O Part In all. now I know. Again. Be Thy grace granted for that witless sin! For Thou art. Cried here. Of all above.
Let me regard Thee. nor from sacrifice. as thou hast seen! Only by fullest service. loveth all Which I have made.Therefore. and straight did take Back again the semblance dear Of the well-loved charioteer. revealed by mystic spell. With mace and anadem. with lightened heart behold! Once more I am thy Krishna. my mind can think Calm thoughts once more. who findeth Me In all. as one Who loveth to his lover. For not by Vedas cometh this. perfect faith. arrayed With disc and forehead-gem. Nor works well-done. nor alms. nor with prayer Shall any so behold. I praise." . As friend to friend. These words to Arjuna spake Vasudev. and entered into. Thou of the thousand arms and countless eyes! This frightened heart is fain To see restored again My Charioteer. manifold. Prince of the Kurus! This was kept for thee alone! Be glad! Let no more trouble shake thy heart. majestic. HERE ENDETH CHAPTER XI. and serve. Arjuna! because I loved thee well. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. nor chaunted psalms. Dear Lord! for pity's sake Thine earthly shape. dear Prince! The gods Dread and desire continually to view! Yet not by Vedas. Now that I see come back. Which none save thou in all the years had favour to behold. in Krishna's kind disguise. nor gift-giving. As I before have been So will I be again for thee. which earthly eyes may bear! Be merciful. Thou that sustainest all things! Undismayed Let me once more behold The form I loved of old. Yea! thou hast seen. Yea! it was wonderful and terrible To view me as thou didst. as of yore. Peace and joy it did restore When the Prince beheld once more Mighty BRAHMA's form and face Clothed in Krishna's gentle grace. Arjuna! unto Me doth wend. Janardana! This friendly human frame. because thine eyes have seen My terror with My glory. nor sacrifice. and Me. the form thou knew'st of old! Sanjaya. and wonderful. Entitled "Viswarupadarsanam. my heart beats still again! Krishna. with body bent And reverent intent." Or "The Book of the Manifesting of the One and Manifold. and show The visage that I know. Indian Prince! Who doeth all for Me. nor penance long. That mortal eyes should bear to view the Immortal Soul unclad. and seek Thee. adoreth always. and vast. asking grace. nor prayers. As father to a son. The secret countenance of Me. turn Thy face In gentleness on me! Good is it I did see This unknown marvel of Thy Form! But fear Mingles with joy! Retake. for Love's sole end That man. Arjuna. Krishna. Shining. Nor penance. And uttermost surrender am I known And seen.
night and day Musing on Me--him will I swiftly lift Forth from life's ocean of distress and death. Entitled "Bhaktiyog. Near to renunciation--very near-. true to his word. Renouncing hope for Me. rejoices not. toil in works pleasing to Me! For he that laboureth right for love of Me Shall finally attain! But. Whoever serve Me--as I show Myself-.-. with an equal peace Takes heat and cold. Lord! of the men who serve Thee--true in heart-. Cling thou to Me! Clasp Me with heart and mind! so shalt thou dwell Surely with Me on high. That man I love! Who. and of the men who serve.CHAPTER XII Arjuna. unmoved by each. glad in all good.As God revealed. Linked by no ties to earth. and when it will depart. That man I love! Who. clear of wrath. hears praise or calumny In passionless restraint.Constantly true. Yet. hard The travail is for such as bend their minds To reach th' Unmanifest That viewless path Shall scarce be trod by man bearing the flesh! But whereso any doeth all his deeds Renouncing self for Me. living himself benign. with lowliest heart. Highest.[FN#25] Stainless. from arrogance exempt. letting good or evil hap Light when it will.Dwelleth Eternal Peace! Who hateth nought Of all which lives. Which take the better way of faith and life? Krishna. steadfast in Me. fixed in faith on Me. Work for Me. bring Me thy failure! find Refuge in Me! let fruits of labour go. Unbodied. Far. Unthinkable. Despair not! give Me lower service! seek To reach Me.Who thus adore Me. heart and soul. The Invisible. That man I love! Who. Those hold I very holy. And grieves not. Working with Me. grief. Whose soul clings fast to Me. unchangeable By good or ill. if in this Thy faint heart fails. well-balanced. But who serve-. All-pervading. Drinking the blessed Amrit of my Being! HERE ENDETH CHAPTER XII. yet worship better is Than knowing. And is not troubled by them. patient. And. Exempt from love of self. So shalt thou come. contented. for. yet from all works detached. and renouncing better still. firm In faith. Unnamed. Sure-. if thou be'st weak to set Body and soul upon Me constantly. abides Quit of desires. Seeking Me. serene. Of one set mind to all. Living too high for gladness. unto friend and foe Keeping an equal heart. with equal mind Bears shame and glory. vowed unto Me. mastering their sense.That man I love! Who troubleth not his kind." . Dotes upon none. if thou canst not worship steadfastly. Compassionate. But if thy thought Droops from such height.Worshipping Me The One. The Unrevealed. These blessed souls come unto Me. That man I love! But most of all I love Those happy ones to whom 'tis life to live In single fervid faith and love unseeing. Uttermost. unperplexed. or fear. pleasure and pain. though to know is more Than diligence. worshipping with steadfast will. fixed To serve only the Highest. full of Me. Worshipping Thee Unrevealed. dwelling quiet-eyed. scorns none. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. in full devotion fixed. mastering himself.
Patience and honour. Not Form. . and harmlessness. the All. These all are wrought on Matter by the Soul! Humbleness. the nine strange gates Of the body. and all that bindeth men. age.Motionless. nor the Unformed. for ever to be known As the Sustainer. Yea! Son of Kunti! for this flesh ye see Is Kshetra. Detachment. and persistency of being. truthfulness. and everywhere Planted His feet. not discerned For subtlety of instant presence. The unseen vital force. And grace to understand what gain it were So to attain. the Para-Brahm. The Uncreated. . and wife. pleasure and pain. to each. Now would I hear. Perception of the certitude of ill In birth.That Truth which giveth man Amrit to drink. .-. dislike.Or"The Book of the Religion of Faith. The Truth of HIM. and shunning noise Of foolish crowds. yet still moving. Yet beyond sense He is. He is within all beings--and without-. And why it changeth. Desire. Purity. constancy. Krishna. and Soul beyond. Children. What qualities it hath. the conscious life. And how it wotteth-hear these things from Me! ." CHAPTER XIII Arjuna. and more. and the faculty That wotteth it." thou Indian prince! I am Kshetrajna. is the field where Life disports. Contempt of sense-delights. Loving all solitudes. not Sat. close To all. yet neither form nor mode hath He. . . reverence for the wise. O gracious Kesava![FN#26] Of Life which seems.Whose hands are everywhere. In all "fields. . with a will set firm To worship Me--Me only! ceasing not. and sin. lightly holding unto home. disease. that "field" of life. and His ears in every place Hearing. And what it is we know-or think to know.. . endeavours resolute To reach perception of the Utmost Soul. Prince! And what is otherwise is ignorance! Now will I speak of knowledge best to know. the mightiness of this. the mind. and everywhere His eyes Beholding. self-sacrifice. and yet subsisting still In all which lives. not Asat.[FN#28] The elements. and thought Deep-woven. An ever-tranquil heart in fortunes good And fortunes evil. Kshetrajna. . control of self. yet measurelessly far! Not manifold. Glorified in the senses He hath given. . yet. and whence it is. which sees.--this is true Wisdom. at the End of . and all His faces everywhere Enlightening and encompassing His worlds. And that which views and knows it is the Soul. Yet dwells He unattached: of forms and modes Master. yet both. suffering. I am what surveys! Only that knowledge knows which knows the known By the knower![FN#27] What it is. sustaining all. death. . and the five domains of sense. .
Lord and Master still PURUSHA. Entitled "Kshetrakshetrajnavibhagayog. surveying. governing. Whoso thus knows himself. in every place. Seeing. And how the Spirit and the flesh have strife. High Spirit. The subtle Soul sits everywhere. see How Matter. Unqualified. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. adoring Me. who sees that works Are Nature's wont. divide. yet not the agent. the Soul Supreme. Wisdom He is And Wisdom's way. the light hath come for him! Whatever flesh he bears.] The Soul's light shineth pure in every place. he attains! O Prince! That Ultimate. But goes the highest road which brings to bliss. by such eye of wisdom." ." Or "The Book of Religion by Separation of Matter and Spirit. and knows his soul PURUSHA. Spirit supreme. indeed. and seize. The Light of Lights He is. for Soul to practise by Acting. and the moulding. what is there hath grown By bond of Matter and of Spirit: Know He sees indeed who sees in all alike The living. Whoso. one. One Soul with Me. Some few there be By meditation find the Soul in Self Self-schooled. and blend again to One: Then hath he BRAHMA. pervading all. thus Married to matter. and. Those wise ones go the way which leads to Life! HERE ENDS CHAPTER XIII. whoso thus beholds. entereth into bond With qualities by Nature framed. sees the mass Of separate living things--each of its kind-. And they who. lordly Soul. Plant or still seed--know. So have I told Of Life's stuff. Imperishable amid the Perishing: For. and Guide of all the wise. linked To moulded matter. Ultimate. Guarding. worketh in nought! Like to th'' ethereal air. yea! and those--to teaching true-. Uncreate. or things unmoved. never so attaining. and what deals with it. some by works: Some. the same. breeds the birth again In good or evil yonis.Issue from One. That Nature puts to work the acting frame. and so cause Feeling of pain and pleasure. Perceiveth this. and cleave to it Worshipping. Living Life. working through the qualities With Nature's modes. hear of light From other lips. shall surely come to Me! Know thou that Nature and the Spirit both Have no beginning! Know that qualities And changes of them are by Nature wrought. and some by long philosophy And holy life reach thither. Planted in every heart. he sees. Indian Prince! Life is--of moving things. in the heart of the Dark Shining eternally. for sheer subtlety. possessing. avoideth taint. In every form.[FN#29] Yet is this Yea! in its bodily prison!--Spirit pure. Doth no more wrongfulness unto himself. never again Shall he take on its load. even when it entereth flesh Taketh no stain of acts. Spirit.Overpass Death! Wherever. unstained: Like to the light of the all-piercing sun [Which is not changed by aught it shines upon. But Spirit doth inform it. and the lore To comprehend. Which.Times. He maketh all to end--and re-creates.
" by purity Living unsullied and enlightened. Those spring from Passion--Prince!--engrained. and unrest. uttermost. those of the second mode Take a mid place.CHAPTER XIV Krishna. nor at Pralyas suffer change! This Universe the womb is where I plant Seed of all lives! Thence. binds The sinless Soul to happiness and truth. it goeth to the place-.Whereby arise all bodies--overcomes Birth. And Ignorance in hearts not good nor quick. once overcome. O Kunti's Son! By tie of works. And Passion. Kunti's Son! Mothers each mortal form. But Ignorance." "Passion. Impulse to strive and gain. rising into fellowship With Me. Sorrow. And I am He that fathers. and Passion binds By toilsome strain. 'Tis Ignorance hath caused them. fixed In Soothfastness. And breeding impulse and propensity. Where longing is. The which possessing. sloth and stupor are. bewilderments. Passion rules.Perfect and pure--of those that know all Truth. Leave Soothfastness. so are named The qualities of Nature. The fruit of Soothfastness is true and sweet. and avarice. and where Darkness and dulness. binds the soul to sloth. but Ignorance. sending seed! Sattwan." and "Ignorance. and drowsiness. if it dies In hardened Ignorance. Then is he come nigh unto Me! The Soul. O Bharata! Where this With Ignorance are absent. Prince of India. begot Of Darkness. the living man perceives The only actors are the Qualities. On such high verities Reliant. binds down Their souls to stupor. all My saints have passed To perfectness. and Passion ache to have. which blots The beams of wisdom. being kin to appetite. that blinded soul Is born anew in some unlighted womb. The fruit of lusts is pain and toil. the darkened souls sink back To lower deeps. Passion and Ignorance. And knows what rules beyond the Qualities. then may one see well Soothfastness settled in that city reigns. Brahma conceives. If it departeth in set habitude Of Impulse. Yet farther will I open unto thee This wisdom of all wisdoms. blinding mortal men. Kuru Chief! Moreover. Death. and ignorance Grow forth from Ignorance. and drinketh deep The undying wine . Yea! For Light brings light. and ardour. comes Birth to all beings! Whoso. "Soothfastness. Prince of India! Soothfastness binds souls In pleasant wise to flesh. Whereof sweet "Soothfastness. the fruit Of Ignorance is deeper darkness. and. Binds the embodied Soul. And gloom. When at all gateways of the Body shines The Lamp of Knowledge." These three bind down The changeless Spirit in the changeful flesh. Those of the first Rise ever higher. sloth. when a soul departeth. and Age. it shall pass into the world Of spirits tied to works. and Tamas. Rajas. watching life. Yea. Thus passing forth from the Three Qualities-. they are not born again at birth Of Kalpas. loaded with witlessness! When.
"These be the Qualities!" He unto whom--self-centred--grief and joy Sound as one word.The ever-holy tree. and all the ills of it. knows Veds. Not wishful when they are not: he who sits A sojourner and stranger in their midst Unruffled. Arjuna." Or "The Book of Religion by Separation from the Qualities. then How it must end. and lay This Aswattha of sense-life low. satisfied With honour or dishonour. And cleave the clinging snaky roots. and Immortality Is mine. Leap to quick life at kiss of sun and air. Well-pleased in praise and dispraise. which take their birth From qualities: its silver sprays and blooms. the marble.of Amrit. And all the eager verdure of its girth. firm-set.-. fervent faith adoring Me. and.--the Banyan-tree. He who with equanimity surveys Lustre of goodness. Passing beyond the Qualities. As men's lives quicken to the temptings fair Of wooing sense: its hanging rootlets seek The soil beneath.When troubles break. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA Entitled "Gunatrayavibhagayog. strife of passion. and the gold are one. As actions wrought amid this world of men Bind them by ever-tightening bonds again. and whence it springs. not angry if they are.Which hath its boughs beneath. sloth Of ignorance. its roots above. unto friends And unto foes alike in tolerance. to whose deep-seeing eyes The clod. What its shape saith. Men call the Aswattha. helping to hold it there. my Lord! Which be the signs to know him that hath gone Past the Three Modes? How liveth he? What way Leadeth him safe beyond the threefold Modes? Krishna. Detached from undertakings. The axe of sharp Detachment ye would whet.--to set . and mine perfect Felicity! HERE ENDS CHAPTER XIV. standing off. conforms To Brahma. saying--serene-. Whose equal heart holds the same gentleness For lovely and unlovely things.-.With single." CHAPTER XV Krishna. If ye knew well the teaching of the Tree.--he is named Surmounter of the Qualities! And such-.[FN#30] Even as the deeds of men. Its branches shoot to heaven and sink to earth. and attains Me! For I am That whereof Brahma is the likeness! Mine The Amrit is. Yea! for its leaves Are green and waving hymns which whisper Truth! Who knows the Aswattha. Oh. and all.
Nor when he takes his pleasure in the form. With outward and with inward breath. With mind unclouded. Conjoined with qualities. Blowing above the flower-beds." That which sits apart. knoweth all. And Touch and Taste. and lend all shapes Their living force. as the wind gathers scents. for to Him come they From passion and from dreams who break away.--Him. whose Name is LORD. or quitting it. but foolish ones. First! Who fills all worlds. these it takes.Which they who reach shall have no day to die. Gathers these up.Senses and intellect. and pass. one. ill-informed! Know. I glide into the plant-. from Me Shineth the gathered glory of the suns Which lighten all the world: from Me the moons Draw silvery beams. Ear and Eye. The unenlightened ones Mark not that Spirit when he goes or comes. secret Mystery Declared to thee! Who comprehendeth this Hath . I mean. setting forth from Me. I penetrate the clay. I glow in glad.-.--linking itself To sense-things so. All things that live Are "the Divided. The Sovereign Soul Thus entering the flesh. discern not." Higher still is He.[FN#31] For in this world Being is twofold: the Divided. Holy souls see Which strive thereto. dear Prince! And with his whole soul ever worshippeth Me.--which containeth all. leaf.--not Dusk. and a sentient mind. Even though they strive.Yea.-. Who part the bonds constraining them to flesh. Nor fade away. worshipping alway-No longer grow at mercy of what breeze Of summer pleasure stirs the sleeping trees. The Undivided. "The Undivided. nor Noon-. And. FATHER and FIRST. bough and stem To the eternal world pass such as these! Another Sun gleams there! another Moon! Another Light. The Highest. life's Utmost boon! When. but those see plain Who have the eyes to see. Who knows Me thus. Becoming vital warmth. having hearts Unkindled. The Eternal. nor fall--to Him. they perceive That Spirit in themselves. nor Dawn. Taketh on form. Sovereign. And--dwelling thus beyond Divided Being and Undivided--I Am called of men and Vedas. What blast of tempest tears them. The undying Spirit. and bloom--to make the woodlands green With springing sap. and fire fierce loveliness. holding all. The PURUSHOTTAMA.Root. Sustaining them. Now is the sacred. in this world of manifested life. one. to feed The body by all meats.New growths upspringing to that happier sky. too. Life Supreme. Who made the mystery Of old Creation. They have attained My rest. Enlightened.-. and Smelling. respiring frames.Which they who once behold return no more. it draweth to itself From Being's storehouse. the Highest.
nor how they come Back unto Me: nor is there Truth in these. the curses of their kind. nor Order. fortitude. they buy Wealth with base deeds. and tenderness Towards all that suffer. And equanimity. the Unheavenly. In blindness cleaving to their errors." Or "The Book of Religion by attaining the Supreme. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA Entitled "Purushottamapraptiyog. and grave. O Indian Prince! of him whose feet are set On that fair path which leads to heavenly birth! Deceitfulness. "Thus much. to its own darkness blind. slowness unto wrath. a mind That lightly letteth go what others prize. this thing thinking. Full of deceitfulness. Fearlessness.These be the signs. And love of lonely study. But is none other than a House of Lust.--such be the signs. never given To rate itself too high. a contented heart. to glut hot appetites. singleness of soul. and piety. humbleness. Truthfulness. dark-minded--give themselves To evil deeds." they say. nor a Lord. Two stamps there are marked on all living men. and arrogance. Fluttered by no desires. Prince! Whose lot is set apart for heavenly Birth. My Prince! of him whose birth Is fated for the regions of the vile." So say they: "nor hath risen up by Cause Following on Cause. Divine and Undivine. With patience. the will Always to strive for wisdom. I spake to thee By what marks thou shouldst know the Heavenly Man." CHAPTER XVI Krishna. to-day. a bearing mild.wisdom! He is quit of works in bliss! HERE ENDS CHAPTER XV. heed to injure nought which lives. Quickness to anger. opened hand And governed appetites. and pride. Be thou joyous. and charity Which spieth no man's faults.Of little wit. Nor purity. So should'st thou know! The birth with Asuras Brings into bondage. Slaves to their passion and their wrath. harsh and evil speech. all those ruined ones-. An unrevengeful spirit. folly. "This world Hath not a Law. "we . with manhood nobly mixed. And crying "Here it finisheth!" Ensnared In nooses of a hundred idle hopes. caught Into the sinful course. they trust this lie As it were true--this lie which leads to death-.[FN#32] The Heavenly Birth brings to deliverance." And. in perfect purposing. How Souls go forth from Me.-. Modest. nor rule of Life. and pride. Uprightness. Hear from me now of the Unheavenly! They comprehend not. Surrendered to desires insatiable.Finding in Pleasure all the good which is. and purity. And ignorance.
Great Krishna! Sattwan." or "dark. my foemen are.The door of Lust. Lowest and least of men. . . brave." CHAPTER XVII Arjuna. wendeth straight To find his peace. feasting. . and reckless. cruel. whom I cast down Again.-. and great? Rich are we. Rajas. being not made In piety of ancient faith.Down to foul Naraka. and those Who practise bitter penance.] The "soothfast" souls adore true gods.--becoming "true. whence--birth by birth-. Thus vowed To self-hood. and so they fall-.gained! thereby Such and such wish of heart shall have its fill. Tamas? Say! Krishna. insolence. . . dead-drunken with the wine Of wealth. for sacrifice! Cast largesse. Stubborn and proud. in the forms they wear And in the forms they breed. force. Where thou shalt see a worshipper." Or "The Book of the Separateness of the Divine and Undivine." Or "passion-stained. at end of lives. . and we will slay Our other enemy to-morrow! Look! Are we not lords? Make we not goodly cheer? Is not our fortune famous. Hateful and hating. so is the votary. .[FN#33] HERE ENDETH CHAPTER XVI. whereby men to ruin pass. and the men of Darkness pray To Pretas and to Bhutas. And. lost in lusts-. wrath. all beguiled. what shall be the state of those. These My blasphemers. vile. And this is ours! and th' other shall be ours! To-day we slew a foe. that one To what he worships lives assimilate. evil. all their offerings Have but a show of reverence." as thou shalt hear! The faith of each believer. the souls Obeying Rajas worship Rakshasas[FN#34] Or Yakshas. and yet again. Into some devilish womb.The devilish wombs re-spawn them. fond. tricked. . the door Of Avarice. Heedless of Shastras. till they find and worship Me. and bound In net of black delusion. proudly born! What other men Live like to us? Kill.Tossed to and fro with projects. The Doors of Hell Are threefold. the door of Wrath. . Let a man shun those three! He who shall turn aside from entering All those three gates of Narak. Threefold the faith is of mankind and springs From those three qualities. Entitled "Daivasarasaupadwibhagayog. . and comes to Swarga's gate. . not enjoined By rightful . and be merry!" So they speak Darkened by ignorance. Conceited. then. . If men forsake the holy ordinance. yet keep faith at heart And worship. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA.[FN#35] Yea. sweet Prince! Tread they that Nether Road. Indian Prince! Conforms itself to what he truly is. [Such as the shrine.
not to Heaven! For like as foods are threefold for mankind In nourishing. be sure that this. The gift selfishly given. stained with impulse. and burning blood. at evil time. wild. rash and vain. Such--say I--is of Rajas. so is there threefold way Of worship. Is perfect work of Sattwan. Sway of the silent Spirit. proud hypocrisies-. substance. true belief. and to a meet recipient. when he who vows Sayeth. meet for the lips Of such as love the "Darkness. and those ye say In murmured reading of a Sacred Writ. cordial. benignity. and grief.-.Those men. O Best of Bharatas! is Rajas-rite. present within the flesh!) Know them to devils devoted. Religion shown in act of proud display To win good entertainment. with no accompaniment Of hallowed hymn. and the Brahmacharya's vow. But sacrifice for gain. Elders. made in due place. Torturing--the witless ones--My elements Shut in fair company within their flesh. dark. with heart devout. And not to injure any helpless thing. The deed of "Darkness!"--lost! Worship of gods Meriting worship. worship. or come at power to hurt Another. Such threefold faith. where to receive Is hoped again. The gift lovingly given. in highest piety Kept. Offered in rightful wise. passion-beset. strength.[FN#36] Savourless. (Nay. In wrongful place. Is gift of Sattwan. with no hope of gain. constant stress To sanctify the Nature. and joy to live. In faithless celebration. Being well-seasoned. when one shall say "Now must I gladly give!" when he who takes Can render nothing back. Purity. Words causing no man woe. filthy. by hearts devote. Made in disdain or harsh unkindliness. This is of Rajas. abstinence. The gift churlishly flung.rule--penance which hath its root In self-sufficient. And there is foul food--kept from over-night. A feast of rottenness. And therefore craved by too strong appetite. to base recipient.A sacrifice not for rewardment made.-These make a true religiousness of Act. Me myself. Rectitude. Religion followed by a witless will To torture self. And there be foods which bring Aches and unrests.These make the true religiousness of Speech. and almsgiving! Hear this of Me! there is a food which brings Force. dark and ill. The "Soothfast" meat. Being too biting. words ever true. Is gift of Tamas. and health. with no due dole Of food-giving. Or where the gift is proffered with a grudge. it doth not bless![FN#37] . lowly reverence Of Twice-borns. ill. call it vile.-. which the foul will eat. fair and profitable. and true religiousness of Mind." And a sacrifice Offered against the laws. nor largesse to the priests. Gentle and pleasing words. fame.--these things make Good rite. comforting. salt. Teachers. Offered for good repute. violent. Serenity of soul.--'tis of Tamas. or when some end is sought. "This I should do!" Is "Soothfast" rite. With stamp of "passion." Thus with rites. Due time. heating. and sharp.
What work soever any mortal doth Of body. Nay. Alms. First the force. When one saith "'Tisunpleasing!" this is null! Such an one acts from "passion. By these five doth he that. "Nay! the goodly acts-. Lord! Tyaga. Abstention. Abstaining from a work grievous to flesh. and then The agent. The poets rightly teach that Sannyas Is the foregoing of all acts which spring Out of desire. And some who answer. seeth himself As the sole actor. Penance. being in the body. There be among the saints some who have held All action sinful. in his own heart justified. Long-armed Lord! the makings five Which go to every act. And Worship. Quit of debates and doubts. Unvexed if his work fail. the God. Is threefold for all men. The fruit of labours. and their wisest say Tyaga is renouncing fruit of acts. O Chaser of thy Foes! Renunciation is of threefold form. mind. Which being thus. in Sankhya taught As necessary." Or "The Book of Religion by the Threefold Kinds of Faith. Abstaining from rewardment in the work. his is "true" act: For. in the lives to come. evil or good. for lack of knowledge. OF THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. and mixed of both. While yet one doeth it full faithfully. fifth. Whoso. But no fruit is at all where no work was.--Desirable. who abstains From profit of his acts is abstinent. Fourth. Prince! This My insuperable and fixed decree! Abstaining from a work by right prescribed Never is meet! So to abstain doth spring From "Darkness. and what separates these twain! Krishna. none may stand Wholly aloof from act. the various instruments. or speech. Saying." and Delusion teacheth it." nought of gain Wins his Renunciation! But. Thou Glorious One! The very truth--Heart's Lord!--of Sannyas. and enunciation. to be gladly done. next. for all those three Are purifying waters for true souls! Yet must be practised even those high works In yielding up attachment." CHAPTER XVIII Arjuna. the especial effort. "Tis right to do!" that is "true " act And abstinence! Who doeth duties so. This is My judgment.As worship. Fain would I better know. and all fruit Produced by works. penance.HERE ENDETH CHAPTER XVII. And Undesirable. Entitled "Sraddhatrayavibhagayog. not to be stayed. knoweth nought at all And seeth . alms--must be performed!" Hear now My sentence. if it succeed Unflattered. yet. and to be renounced. Hear from me. Best of Bharatas! 'Tis well set forth. Arjun! Abstaining from attachment to the work.
and "dark. What should be feared. What binds and what emancipates the soul: That is of Sattwan. yet understands Nought with firm mind. Deprived of light. But knowledge. passionlessly. Conqueror-Prince! How these are set apart by Qualities. And. and his fears. He doth not slay. For life's sake. passion-stamped! Sad is the steadfastness wherewith the fool Cleaves to his sloth. narrow. stubborn. heedless of the hurt Or wrong for others. seeking profit. remiss. slow. the action of his senses.Is wrought without attachment. rude and bold To overcome. and what is well to do And what must not be done. slave by turns Of sorrow and of joy: of Rajas he! And there be evil doers. resolute. act. impelled By sense of self. Prince! of "soothfastness. end. and sees all things Contrariwise of Truth. purpose. For duty. There is "dark" Action: when one doth a thing Heedless of issues. with all-absorbing stress: This is of Rajas--passionate and vain. agent. wrapped in gloom. his sorrow. Steadfast. holds them real. the thing known. nor hate. Content to do aright-he "truly" acts." Hear. His folly and despair. O Pritha's Son! That is of Tamas. unchastened. fraudulent. heedless if he harm His own soul--'tis of Tamas. being separated. not for love. fixed In never-shaken faith and piety: That is of Sattwan. Hear now Which be the qualities dividing them. He that works From impulse. Arjuna! 'tis of Rajas. too.nought. There is "true" Knowledge. He who acts Free from self-seeking. his very breath Of life. Therefore. "dark" and desperate! Good is the steadfastness whereby a man Masters his beats of heart. Low-minded." There is "right" Action: that which being enjoined-. One Inseparable. There is "vain" Action: that which men pursue Aching to satisfy desires. and the mind which knows.Is born of Tamas. There is false Knowledge: that which blindly clings To one as if 'twere all. I say. These make the threefold starting-ground of act. black and bad! There is the "rightful"doer. and what should not be feared." Marred is the Intellect which. and the instrument. and the love of goods to gain. loose of heart. What must be done. being bid to slay. Prince! and "passionate!" Evil is Intellect which. seeking no Cause. nor gain. And in the Separate. "dark" and miserable! . he is not bound thereby! Knowledge. Dull. This--Pritha's Son!-. effort. Learn thou it is this: To see one changeless Life in all the Lives. are differenced By three dividing qualities. Good is the Intellect which comprehends The coming forth and going back of life. These make the threefold total of the deed. despondent--children of the "dark. the actor. humble. nor as the calm truth is: This is of Rajas. if one-. There is imperfect Knowledge: that which sees The separate existences apart. Looks upon wrong as right. in good or evil hap the same.Holding aloof from self--with unstained mind Should slay all yonder host. There is th' "impassioned" doer. Prince! "soothfast" and fair! Stained is the steadfastness whereby a man Holds to his duty. knowing right And knowing wrong. and dull. and what must not be done. The act. of Intellect and Steadfastness The threefold separation.
Self-mastery. He shall not fall in sin who fronts the task Set him by Nature's hand! Let no man leave His natural duty. From passions liberate. and to know The truth of things which be. And whatsoever deeds he doeth--fixed In Me. 'Tis of Tamas. results renounced. but its last Bitter as poison. purity. but hath its being bound With these three Qualities. Constancy. Of HIM by Whom the universe was stretched. Desires for ever dead. And knowing. Good Pleasure is the pleasure that endures. skilfulness. Kshatriyas. the supreme. forgoing wiles Of song and senses. ev'n excellently. spirit in fight. though done with fault. And painful Pleasure springeth from the bond Between the senses and the sense-world. quit of the Self. attains BRAHM. Dwelling 'mid solitudes.The work allotted him. and will tamed to obey. O thou Slayer of thy Foes! Is fixed by reason of the Qualities Planted in each: A Brahman's virtues. By this same love and worship doth he know Me as I am. loves well Me. Suiting his nature. Whoso performeth--diligent. Prince! Born of his nature. as every flame Is wrapped in smoke! Only that man attains Perfect surcease of work whose work was wrought With mind unfettered. attaining perfect peace. Banishing pain for aye. lacking nought-. Equally loving all that lives. Of arrogance. Born with his nature. nor 'midst the gods In utmost heaven. A Kshatriya's pride. And open-handedness and noble mien. Learn from me. Who have made them. as in his refuge--he hath won For ever and for ever by My grace Th' Eternal Rest! So win thou! In . Freed from surroundings. Ever to holy meditation vowed. and attains to Me. how high and wonderful. And Sudras. speech. and all the way of life The soul bewildering. Than doing others' work. in diet spare. serene. The work of Brahmans. A Sudra's state. Chief of Bharatas! from Me The threefold kinds of Pleasure which there be. Sweet As Amrit is its first taste. fire. A Vaisya's task. soul wholly subdued. desires no more.Such an one grows to oneness with the BRAHM. Tend cattle. content-. at first And at the last. straightway enters into Me. uprightness. How one. religion. Vaisyas. but afterward Sweet as the taste of Amrit. by Nature framed. Prince! For nothing lives on earth. learning. is to till the ground. With body. lives in valour. impatience. venture trade. are serenity. Drink of that! It springeth in the Spirit's deep content. restrained In lordly self-control. his soul. quiet. Patience. bitter at first As poison to the soul. growing one with BRAHM. pride. As of a lord of men. Sorrows no more. is to minister. freed from love and hate. Born of his nature. whate'er it be. Lays hold of perfectness! Hear how a man Findeth perfection. the highest height of all! Devoted--with a heart grown pure. Son of Kunti! also this. being so content: He findeth it through worship--wrought by work-. Such an one. anger. Prince! And foul and "dark" the Pleasure is which springs From sloth and sin and foolishness. Better thine own work is.Hear further. 'Tis of Rajas.Of Him that is the Source of all which lives. Prince! though it bear blame! For every work hath blame.
Heareth meekly. how Krishna's self made known The Yoga. trusting to thyself and heeding not. by My grace. full of faith. Relying on thyself. Dance to what tune HE will. right well-beloved! Listen! I tell thee for thy comfort this. My utmost meaning have! Precious thou art to Me.By grace of Him--the uttermost repose. wisest. "I will not fight!" Vain will the purpose prove! thy qualities Would spur thee to the war. for Thy most mighty sake. and take Him for thy succour. Held by Us upon the plain. again Arjuna and the God in talk. Prince! So--only so. by Thy favour. this wise and wondrous thing By great Vyasa's learning writ. Surely shall his spirit rise To those regions where the Blest. one shall teach This divinest. and victory. thou wouldst seek Against thy will. the holy Krishna saith. Arjuna!--shalt thou gain-. furthermore. This from him that hath no faith. Give Me thy heart! adore Me! serve Me! cling In faith and love and reverence to Me! So shalt thou come to Me! I promise true. Heareth wisely what it saith. Great is my gladness: when I muse that splendour. O Archer-Prince! all hail! O Krishna.Unto Brahma cometh he! Nay. with heart a-thrill. nor seeks Wisdom's teaching when she speaks: Hide it from all men who mock.thy thoughts Do all thou dost for Me! Renounce for Me! Sacrifice heart and mind and will to Me! Live in the faith of Me! In faith of Me All dangers thou shalt vanquish. visible and plain. wherever. and all this holy strain. O my King! Thus have I told. when the task comes to thee Waking the promptings in thy nature set. O Indian Prince! With mind intent? hath all the ignorance-Which bred thy trouble--vanished. Lord of Yoga! surely there shall not fail Blessing. Meditate! And--as thou wilt--then act! Nay! but once more Take My last word. Free of flesh. and whoso. But. Misled by fair illusions. when I remember. Trouble and ignorance are gone! the Light Hath come unto me. So is the high truth shown! And aye. so will I do! Sanjaya. Lord! Now am I fixed! my doubt is fled away! According to Thy word. Thou can'st but perish! If this day thou say'st. there is no tongue to reach My marvel and my love and bliss. and offering Of all honour unto Me-. Yea. Of Hari. and nowhere shall ye find Any man of all mankind Doing dearer deed for Me.--when he dies. and power. Him that worships not. passing speech.] Hath this been heard by thee. The Eternal Place! Thus hath been opened thee This Truth of Truths. There lives a Master in the hearts of men Maketh their deeds. Where this song comes of Arjun. Nor shall any dearer be In My earth. What thou dost shun. 'mid the flock Of My lovers. being Yoga's Lord. speech-Teaching in the faith to bring Truth to them. For thou art sweet to Me! And let go those-. But. With all thy soul Trust Him. O Lord my King. the Mystery more hid Than any secret mystery. in joyance rest. and how . My Arjun? Arjuna. Thus gathered I the gracious speech of Krishna. He hath paid Me sacrifice! (Krishna speaketh in this wise!) Yea. by subtle pulling--strings. Pondering piously and fain. Whoso reads this converse o'er.Rites and writ duties! Fly to Me alone! Make Me thy single refuge! I will free Thy soul from all its sins! Be of good cheer! [Hide.
[FN#4] I feel convinced sankhyanan and yoginan must be transposed here in sense." not jara. heat and cold."joy and sorrow. [FN#10] The Sanskrit has this play on the double meaning of Atman. [FN#2] Technical phrases of Vedic religion. same times also of benignity. as of very doubtful authenticity. [FN#12] Beings of low and devilish nature. the body." with Mr Davies.umnet.."lit. [FN#13] Krishna. In India this would probably "go bad." [FN#31] I omit a verse here. [FN#34] Rakshasas and Yakshas are unembodied but capricious beings of great power. [FN#19] Called "The Jap. [FN#5] I am doubtful of accuracy here.com/ ---umnet. [FN#7] Without desire of fruit.with God he spake.mobile your fun!--- . The Bhagavad-Gita. gifts. [FN#26] The Calcutta edition of the Mahabharata has these three opening lines. with Mr Davis. [FN#23] "Hail to Thee." THE BHAGAVAD-GITA. [FN#6] A name of the sun. [FN#36] Yatayaman. and beauty. HERE ENDS. [FN#32] "Of the Asuras."age" [FN#15] I have discarded ten lines of Sanskrit text here as an undoubted interpolation by some Vedantist [FN#16] The Sanskrit poem here rises to an elevation of style and manner which I have endeavoured to mark by change of metre."&c. [FN#33] I omit the ten concluding shlokas. [FN#28] I omit two lines of the Sanskrit here.com. God of Gods! Be favourable!" [FN#24] The wind. "birth. [FN#30] I do not consider the Sanskrit verses here-which are somewhat freely rendered--"an attack on the authority of the Vedas. a new "Parable of the fig-tree." [FN#20] The compound form of Sanskrit words." Or "The Book of Religion by Deliverance and Renunciation. [FN#17] Ahinsa. [FN#14] I read here janma. evidently interpolated by some Vedantist."anapeksha. End of the Project Gutenberg etext. success and failure. [FN#8] That is. Entitled "Mokshasanyasayog. [FN#18] The nectar of immortality. WITH CHAPTER XVIII. but a beautiful lyrical episode. [FN#1] Some repetitionary lines are here omitted. [FN#11] So in original. food which has remained after the watches of the night. translated by Sir Edwin Arnold Bhagavad-Gita. evidently interpolated. The from http://www. [FN#9] i. [FN#29] Wombs. [FN#3] The whole of this passage is highly involved and difficult to render.e. [FN#27] This is the nearest possible version of Kshetrakshetrajnayojnanan yat tajnan matan mama." [FN#37] I omit the concluding shlokas. [FN#35] These are spirits of evil wandering ghosts. [FN#21] "Kamalapatraksha" [FN#22] These are all divine or deified orders of the Hindoo Pantheon.. [FN#25] "Not peering about.
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