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What Every Citizen Needs to Know
About this presentation
Four things you need to know about this presentation
1. 2. 3. This is a non-partisan work. Republicans, Democrats, business leaders, clergy, Latinos, academics and others contributed to this presentation. It’s purpose is to inform. The information presented herein are based on veriﬁable public data obtained from recognized sources with sources listed at the bottom of each slide.
“A salient characteristic of the current debate on U.S. immigration policy is the high ratio of hot air to data.”
Dr. Douglas Massey Co-director, Mexican Migration Project Princeton University
Immigration Quiz: True or False?
Increase amount of crime Take jobs from Americans Don’t pay any taxes Strain health care & education systems Increase terrorism threat
Immigration Quiz: True or False?
Won’t enter legally Don’t assimilate, learn English, respect culture No Constitutional Rights Come here to vote illegally Threaten our sovereignty
What people believe
67% Won’t assimilate or learn English Source: Zogby American Poll. April 2006 7 .
The State of American Public Opinion on Immigration in Spring 2006 8 .52% Strain health care. education and social services Source: Pew Hispanic Center.
Immigration Opinions Poll.49% Don’t pay taxes Source: Benson Strategy Group. May 9-12. 2009 9 .
48% Threaten our sovereignty Source: Pew Hispanic Center 2006 Immigration Survey. 2006 10 . February 8-March 7.
6 April 06 11 .39% Increase the crime rate Source: FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll.
March. 2006 12 . 29-30.35% Take jobs from Americans Source: Time Magazine Poll.
31% Increase the threat of terrorism Source: Opinion Dynamics Fox News Poll. 2006 13 . April 25-26.
2009 14 .20% Won’t enter the country legally Source: Benson Strategy Group. Immigration Opinions Poll. May 9-12.
? Have no Constitutional rights 15 .
? Come here to vote illegally 16 .
Unreliable Sources Majority of false claims originate with anti-immigration groups They rarely cite their sources or explain their conclusions Purposefully misinterpret reports or data often disagreeing without providing any proof for their point other than simply saying so. and often cross-reference one another’s research The most well-known anti-immigration groups were started by one man: John Tanton Bottom line: bad information makes for bad laws and policies 17 .
Dept. of Justice Research and policy centers that are not purely “pro” or “con” 18 . U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services and Dept.Reliable Sources Colleges and universities publishing peer-reviewed studies that stand up to critical analysis Use original source data from FBI. of Homeland Security.
” 19 .“A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth gets its boots on.
Legality 20 .
Section 1325 21 .S. Title 12. Part VIII. at an “improper time or place” Source: USC 18. Subchapter 2.Civil The type of offense for entering the U.
$50-$250 The penalty for entering the U. Title 12. Section 1325 (b) 22 .S. Subchapter 2. at an “improper time or place” Source: USC 18. Part VIII.
Title 12. Section 1325 (a)(3) 23 . Part VIII.False Papers Point at which improper entry becomes a criminal offense Source: USC 18. Subchapter 2.
Arizona States in which being in the country without papers is a Felony 24 .
New Estimates of Undocumented Mexican Migration and the Probability of Apprehension.85% Percentage of undocumented entries from Mexico offset by departures between 1965 and 1985 Source: Massey & Singer. 1995 25 .
May 2006 26 . Modes of Entry for the Unauthorized Migrant Population.45% Percentage of undocumented immigrants who overstayed a legal visa Source: Pew Hispanic Center.
Center for Immigration Statistics 27 . population estimated to be undocumented Source: Dept.3% Percentage of total U. of Homeland Security.S.
10 Years a naturalized citizen from Mexico may have to wait to bring their spouse into the U. AILA Backgrounder: Myths and Facts in the Immigration Debate 28 .S. Source: American Immigration Lawyers Association.
S.20 Years a naturalized citizen may have to wait to sponsor siblings into the U. Source: American Immigration Lawyers Association. AILA Backgrounder: Myths and Facts in the Immigration Debate 29 .
4% 300.000.5% 10% 10. State & County QuickFacts 30 .000.1% 200.2% 12.000 0 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2007 2008 Source: U.Population Growth 1990-2008 400. Census Bureau.8% 15% 15.000 100.5% 13% 14.000 United States Hispanic Origin 14.000.S.000 9% 9.6% 11.000.
S.What is the truth? Why do people come to the U.? Priority given to families or those with in-demand technical skills They come here to work They come here to rejoin their families Bottom line: Federal law must be changed to be market-driven and to accommodate the needs of business and society 31 .
Crime 32 .
4% Estimate of all Arizona crimes committed by undocumented immigrants Source: ASU Incarceration Study.4. 2006 33 .
Ofﬁce of Immigration Statistics. 2004 34 .5% Percent of all undocumented immigrants DHS deported from Arizona with prior criminal records Source: DHS.3.
1% Percent of MCSO arrests of undocumented immigrants as percent of total arrests Source: MCSO web site and press releases 35 .2.
2008 36 . 25. Arizona Republic. Kiefer. Feb.10% Percent of all people booked into MCSO jails subject to an ICE “hold” Source: M.
March 29.52.S. Key Facts At A Glance. Bureau of Justice Statistics. DoJ. 2010 37 .5% Percent drop in violent crime as undocumented population grew between 1994-2006 Source: U.
March 29. Key Facts at a Glance.S. 2010 38 .6% Percent drop in property crime as undocumented population grew between 1994-2006 Source: U.48. Bureau of Justice Statistics. DoJ.
January 10.What is the truth? Although the undocumented population has grown by an estimated 1. the murder rate declined from 61 per day in 1996 to 47 per day in 2006. Source: Paul Stiles. 2008 39 .400 people per day. Novice Bear. Total murders per day have declined while the number of undocumented aliens entering the country has increased.
6% Hispanics as a percentage of all persons arrested in Arizona Source: Arizona Department of Public Safety. Crime in Arizona 2006 40 .31.
29.S. State Population Estimates by Characteristics 2006 41 . Bureau of the Census.2% Hispanics as a percentage of all Arizona residents Source: U.
Morenoff. No.: Public Health Matters. Vol..45% Percentage that ﬁrst-generation immigrants are less likely to commit any crime Source: Sampson. al. pp. 224-232 42 . 2. 95. et.
2008 43 . 9. PPIC. 3.13% Incarceration rate of native-born males 18-39 in California with less than a high school diploma Source: Crime. No. California Counts. Vol. February. Corrections and California.
2008 44 . PPIC. No. Corrections and California.5% Incarceration rate of immigrant males 18-40 in California with less than a high school diploma Source: Crime. 3.0. Vol. 9. February. California Counts.
5 Number of times native citizens are more likely than any immigrant to be incarcerated Source: Debunking the Myth of Immigrant Criminality: Imprisonment Among First. 2006 45 . and Charlie V.and Second-Generation Young Men. Rumbaut. Roberto G. Rubén G. Morgan. Gonzales. Golnaz Komaie.
S Bureau of Prisons. February 27. citizens Source: U.S.73. prison population who are U. 2010 46 . BOP Quick Facts.3% The percentage of the U.S.
18. 2010 47 .0% Percentage of the U.S. prison population who are Mexican citizens Source: U.S Bureau of Prisons. BOP Quick Facts. February 27.
November. 2006 48 .What is the truth? Understanding the numbers DHS data report cumulative arrest numbers that do NOT indicate the actual number of people who may have crossed illegally. “The relationship between apprehensions to either the number of attempted illegal entries or the number of successful illegal entries is unclear” Bottom line: There is virtually nothing you can infer about the volume of illegal migration from the number of apprehensions Source: DHS Ofﬁce of Immigration Statistics Fact Sheet “Border Apprehensions.
Jobs 49 .
50 . 36. Survey of Mexican Migrants. p. 2005. December 6.66% Percent of undocumented Mexican immigrants who have not completed high-school Source: Pew Hispanic Center.
Average day-laborer weekly income
Source: Day Labor in the Golden State, CEP, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2007
Arizona minimum wage for 2010
Source: The Industrial Commission of Arizona, Minimum Wage Standard, 2010.
Arizona H-2A hourly Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AWER) for 2010
Source: USDA 75 FR 6884, February 12, 2010
2005 54 . by State.$67. Median Income for 4-Person Families.019 Median annual income for family of four in 2005 Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Unauthorized Migrants: Numbers and Characteristics.000 Average family income of a migrant family of four Source: Pew Hispanic Center.$25. 2005 55 .
and Gillian Stevens. 56 .14 million Number of new jobs created in U.. 2003. between 1996 and 2000 Source: Bean.S. America’s Newcomers and the Dynamics of Diversity. Frank D.
. Frank D. population growth between 1996 and 2000 Source:Bean. 2003. America’s Newcomers and the Dynamics of Diversity. and Gillian Stevens.12 million Total U. 57 .S.
Undocumented Impact on Wages 0-8 Years 40% 34% 8-11 Years 12-20 Years 30% 20% 10% 0% -3% 8% -10% 1990-2004 Source: University of Arizona 58 .
Figure 6. 59 . Census Bureau. The Foreign-Born Labor Force in the United States: 2007.Foreign-Born Labor Force: 2007 Non-Citizen Naturalized Native-born 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Sales & Admin Professional Manufacturing Services Construction Agriculture Source: U.S.
000 100.S. 2004-2009 Family Preference 400.Annual Immigration Limits: 1996.000 200.000 Employment Preference 300. Legal Permanent Residents: 1996. U. 2004-2009 60 .000 0 1996 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Source: DHS. Ofﬁce of Immigration Statistics.
24 Number of hours to ﬁll quota of 65.000 H1-B visas for 2008 Source: U. Citizenship and Immigration Services 61 .S.
000 H2-B visas for 2008 Source: U. Citizenship and Immigration Services 62 .60 Days needed to ﬁll quota of 66.S.
000 Number of unskilled workers needed daily by Yuma farmer Tim Dunn to bring in a winter lettuce crop Source: Interview on Desert Politics. 2007 63 . 8. Dec.30.
Report of the Visa Ofﬁce 2009. Department of State.375 Number of new non-family related employment visas issued to Mexican citizens for all of 2009 Source: U. Table III 64 .S.
What is the truth? Taking good jobs from Americans Studies from Berkeley. partially because natives tend to become the supervisors of the migrant workers 65 .C. Davis show there is no relationship between an inﬂux of migrant workers and the ability of native citizens to ﬁnd work. Immigrants overall increase the wages of natives. and U.
S.What is the truth? Immigration ﬁlls legitimate labor needs Aging and low birthrate of U. jobs overseas due to lack of a skilled and motivated labor market 66 .we don’t have enough replacement workers Contribute local.S. state and Federal taxes to cover Social Security and Medicare Low employment rates encourages export of U. population means greater need for additional workers in order to: Fill available jobs at all levels .
Taxes 67 .
the Social Security Administration and common sense show that: Undocumented workers pay just about every type of tax there is including: sales. real estate. Thunderbird School of Management. University of Arizona. social security. and other taxes 68 .What is the truth? Paying Taxes Studies from ASU. income. the Texas Comptroller.
2006 69 . Immigrants in Arizona.$940M Undocumented immigrant’s net ﬁnancial beneﬁt to the Arizona economy Source: University of Arizona. Gans.
2006 70 . Gans. Immigrants in Arizona.$78M Undocumented immigrant’s sales tax contributions to the Arizona economy Source: University of Arizona.
Social Security Administration. SSA’S FY 2009 Performance and Accountability Report 71 .$836B Earnings Suspense File account balance from non-matching SSNs as of the end of FY2009 Source: U.S.
S. SSA’S FY 2009 Performance and Accountability Report 72 .60% Percent growth in SSA Earnings Suspense File account balance 2005-2009 Source: U. Social Security Administration.
Auditor’s Report. Social Security Administration.S. 2007 73 .$0 Amount of Suspense Fund balance payable to undocumented immigrants Source: U.
$1B Loss in Arizona state revenues from the loss of 50.000 jobs Source: APS Immigration Loss Impact Study 74 .
All immigrants pay sales taxes Schools are funded through property taxes that are paid by anyone who owns a home.What is the truth? Paying Taxes In Arizona. rents a home or apartment or a business (Landlords cover their taxes through tenants’ rent payments) 75 . sales taxes supply nearly half of our state revenues.
Assimilation 76 .
7% Source: Pew Hispanic Center. 2007 and Gibbons and Lennon. 1999 77 .1910 The year in which the percentage of foreign-born residents reached its peak of 14.
6% Percentage of foreign-born residents of the U. 2007 American Community Survey 78 .S. Census Bureau.12.S. in 2007 Source: U.
13 Annual rate of immigrants per 1. National Research Council 79 . residents in 1910 Source: The New Americans.S.000 U.
residents in 2005 Source: The New Americans.000 U.3 Annual rate of immigrants per 1. National Research Council 80 .S.
.. “ From Newcomers to New Americans.25% Percentage of the immigrant population that could not speak English at all in 1900 Source: George Rodriguez. 18 81 ..” p.
P. 2003. Stevens G.47 million Number of U. 149 82 .S. citizens who speak a non-English language at home 1980-2000 Source: Bean FD. America’s Newcomers and the Dynamics of Diversity. New York: Russell Sage.
8% Percentage of the immigrant population that could not speak English at all in 1990 Source: George Rodriguez... 18 83 .” p.. “ From Newcomers to New Americans.
Nee.95% Percentage of Mexican-Americans who could speak English well in 1990 Source: R. 227 84 . Alba and V. “Remaking the American Mainstream: Assimilation and Contemporary Immigration” p.
715 Total number of new naturalized citizens in 2009 Source: DHS.S. Ofﬁce of Immigration Statistics.743. 2009 85 .. Naturalizations in the U.
2009 86 .2X The rate at which Mexican immigrants become legal U.S.S. citizens compared to other countries Source: DHS. Ofﬁce of Immigration Statistics. Naturalizations in the U..
Myths vs. Facts 87 .10 Number of years after arrival that 75% of immigrants speak English as well as natives Source: American Immigration Lawyers Association.
2007 88 .” November 29.Learning the language First Generation 100% 88% Second Generation Third Generation and later 94% 75% 50% 25% 23% 0% Hispanic Origin English Mastery Source: Pew Hispanic Center. “English Usage Among Hispanics in the United States.
30 Number of years the unavailability of English language programs delays assimilation Source: Pew Hispanic Center 89 .
20% Percent of the recipients of the Congressional Medal of Honor in U.S. March 2003 90 . wars who were immigrants Source: AILF Policy Report.
51% Percentage of ﬁrst-generation California immigrants (1970’s) who have purchased homes by 2000 Source: Russell Sage Foundation 91 .
75% Percentage of all immigrants who have permanent legal status Source: Dept. of Homeland Security 92 .
Other myths 93 .
16. 2007 94 . Nov. Amnesty and the Rule of Law.3% Percentage of any kind or any status of immigrant who receives food stamps Source: Federalist Society Seminar Immigration.
10 Years legal permanent residents must pay into Social Security and Medicare before they get beneﬁts Source: Congressional Research Service 95 .
R. use Source: California Hospital Association 96 .10% Percentage of California’s uncompensated health care in 2007 attributable to undocumented immigrant’s E.
Table 2: Number. visits in 2006 Source: National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2006 Emergency Department Summary. by patient characteristics: United States. 2006 97 . percent distribution.R.13% National percentage of “Hispanic or Latino” total E. and annual rate of emergency department visits with corresponding standard errors.
61% “White non-Hispanic” percentage of total Arizona E. Arizona.R. visits in 2008 Source: ADHS Table 4C-2 “Rates* of Emergency Room Visits by Race/Ethnicity and Gender. 2008 98 .
28% “Hispanic or Latino” percentage of total Arizona E. 2008 99 . visits in 2008 Source: ADHS Table 4C-2 “Rates* of Emergency Room Visits by Race/Ethnicity and Gender. Arizona.R.
No..50% Percent undocumented immigrants are less likely to use emergency rooms than native Latinos Source: Sampson. Vol.: Public Health Matters. 2 100 . 95. Morenoff. al. et.
2007.1 The number of fewer doctor visits of undocumented Latinos compared with their US-born counterparts Source: Alexander N.167(21): 2354-2360 101 . Ortega.al. et. Archives of Internal Medicine.2. PhD.
1/2 . even when immigrants had full insurance Source: Alexander N. et. born.al.167(21): 2354-2360 102 . Archives of Internal Medicine. 2007.2/3 Recent immigrants' per-person unadjusted medical expenditures compared to U. PhD.S. Ortega.
$11 Estimated taxes per-person spent annually on health care for undocumented immigrants aged 18-64 Source: “Immigrants And The Cost Of Medical Care: Health Affairs. 6 (2006): 1700-1711 103 . 25. no.
What is the truth? CNN’s Lou Dobbs reported that leprosy cases increased by 7. means “the people.000 cases in the entire U. “Hispanic” and “Latino” isn’t a race.000 cases in the last three years.” Besides. The term “LaRaza” as in “The National Council of LaRaza” does NOT mean “the race. properly translated. It’s an ethnicity--just like LaRaza. According to the National Hansen’s Disease Program there have been only 7. the last 30 years.” 104 .S.
Amnesty.What is the truth? Joe Turner. founder of Save Our State – California (an antiimmigration group) has said.” There is no NAFTA Superhighway. Alexander Aleintikoff said: “There is no substantial evidence of voter fraud or of illegals serving on juries. that does not make them racist.’ Georgetown University Law Center Dean T. “Just because one believes in white separatism. and the Rule of Law. This refers to a series of existing roads that carry international trade between Mexico and/or Canada. 105 .” At a Federalist Society seminar titled ‘Immigration.
Arizona Poll Results 106 .
RMP 2007-V-01 107 .65% Disagree with classifying undocumented immigrants as “common criminals” Source: BRC Rocky Mountain Poll .
RMP 2007-V-01 108 .66% Agree that politicians are turning immigration into an “ugly racial issue” Source: BRC Rocky Mountain Poll .
78% Agree that a “guest worker” program should be implemented Source: BRC Rocky Mountain Poll .RMP 2007-V-01 109 .
RMP 2007-V-01 110 .83% Agree that fair and humane treatment of foreign workers is as important as securing the border Source: BRC Rocky Mountain Poll .
The Bottom Line The vast majority of Arizonans want practical.RMP 2007-V-01 111 . market-driven immigration reform without the racial overtones Source: BRC Rocky Mountain Poll .
Summary 112 .
“The greatest threat to democracy is having a public that thinks it is fully informed.” Linda Foley 113 . but really isn’t very well informed at all.
Now you know Undocumented Immigrants: Are less likely to commit crimes and at a lesser rate than citizens Contribute signiﬁcantly to the state and nation’s economy Are not a drain on state resources or programs Are ineligible to receive welfare. Come here to work and support their families 114 . social security. health care. etc.
Our present course is risky Our prosperity depends on getting immigration right Loss of 10-14% of workforce and associated economic power is adversely affecting our state’s economy Home foreclosures and abandonments are at record levels Farmers are letting land go fallow or are moving out of state Business owners are announcing they would never come to Arizona Businesses are laying off Arizona workers and moving jobs out of state 115 .
comprehensive solutions based on the facts 116 . several groups are willing to train you in how to share this information Talk to candidates and get their viewpoints Contact your Congressman and let them know you support a marketdriven. friends and colleagues Volunteer to help spread the truth. video and audio on the CD you received Share these facts with your family.What you can do Review the documents.
Thank You For your time and attention Schedule a presentations for other groups Get involved and educate the public © 2008-2010 Arizona Employers for Immigration Reform 117 .
C. thou shalt not be a bystander A sign in the Holocaust Museum Washington. 118 .Thou shalt not be a victim Thou shalt not be a perpetrator Above all. D.
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