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News analysis Health Business

Why Museveni might Homosexuality not Rent in Kampala’s city


not sign new KCCA law Genetic, says study centre remain stable

Issue No. 588 Sept. 06 - 12 2019 Ushs 5,000,Kshs 200, RwF 1,500, SDP 8

Colours of violence
in 2021 elections
It’ll be bloody if
yellow, red clash

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Sept. 06 - 12 2019 1
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Issue No. 588 Sept. 06 - 12 2019

News analysis Business Health Arts Motoring

Cover story
Colours of violence in 2021 elections
It’ll be bloody if yellow, red clash

5 The Week
30 Comments
Cheptegei wins gold in IAAF
championship in Zurich Africa needs traditional media:
The democratic nature of social-
media platforms is their strength
9 The Last Word
but it’s a major flaw on fake news
From king to emperor: What the
politics of People Power tells us
about the nature of government
32 Health
they will preside over
Fake pneumonia drug
14 Analysis on sale: WHO warns of
falsified Augmentin
Why Museveni might not sign new KCCA
law: Stage set for battle with Lukwago

35 Arts & Culture


27 Business
Uganda Airlines’ revival: Artist
Rent in Kampala’s city centre casts a critical eye on ambiguity
remain stable: Future real estate
developments hinge on the newly
passed Landlord-Tenant Bill

STRATEGY & EDITORIAL DIRECTOR: Andrew M. Mwenda WRITERS:Ronald Musoke, Ian Katusiime,
MANAGING EDITOR: Joseph Were Patricia Akankwatsa, Julius Businge.
INVESTIGATIONS EDITOR: Haggai Matsiko DESIGN/LAYOUT: Sarah Ngororano
BUSINESS EDITOR: Isaac Khisa CARTOONIST: Harriet Jamwa

PUBLISHER: Independent Publications Limited, Plot 82/84, Kanjokya Street, P. O. Box 3304, Kampala, Uganda
Tel: +256-312-637-391/ 2/ 3/ 4 | Fax: +256-312-637-396 E-mail: editor@independent.co.ug | advertising@independent.co.ug
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2 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
inbox

“If you are coming to join People


Power, leave your political party,
religion, tribe in your house,
come focused on getting back our
freedom that has been taken by
the dictator, President Museveni,”
People Power leader Bobi Wine told
Kenyan businessman, Eng Victor Kotera (front L) launches the Jopadhola Community
Education and Scholarship Trust at Makerere University on Aug.31. The Fund will be used to
politicians while launching the symbol
support education and entrepreneurship in Tororo District.  INDEPENDENT/ ALFRED OCHWO for People Power

US Ambassador to
Uganda, Deborah
Malac shares
light moment
with Education
Minister, Janet
Kataha Museveni
(seated) during the
education sector
review conference
held at Hotel “No place is too far right now. Please
Africana on Aug. inform your friends that Uganda
28.  INDEPENDENT/
ALFRED OCHWO Airlines is back in the skies.” Speaker
Rebecca Kadaga addressing a UNAA
convention in the U.S.

State Minister for Primary


Education, Rosemary
Sseninde, announce the
second National Primary
Teachers’ Conference to
be held at St. Lawrence
London College, in
Wakiso District on Sept.
5-7th. The conference
will be graced by
President Museveni and
“I believe that addressing these issues
Education minister, Janet will allow us have a genetic engineering
Museveni.   INDEPENDENT/ law that is pro-science, prop-people and
ALFRED OCHWO
pro-development.”President Museveni in a
letter rejecting the GMO Bill for the second time

Medals Uganda won New Cardinals Health workers in Kampala


8 at the All Africa
Games in Morocco
13 named by Pope
Francis
95% who don’t wash hands
according to a WaterAid study

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 3
week
Father of slain social worker Maria Nagirinya raps police over conduct
Anthony Lubowa, father of murdered social Organisation (ISO), Chieftaincy of Military Intelli-
worker Maria Nagirinya Gateni, said police were gence (CMI) and the Police have resulted into the
unhelpful when he reported the matter to two police arrest of five suspects in connection with the murder
stations; Natete and Old Kampala. “The officer at of Nagirinya and her driver Ronald Kitayimbwa.
Natete was just relaxing while the ones at Old Kam- The bodies of the two were discovered on Aug. 30 at
pala said the CCTV footage had not been working Nakitutuli village near the Mukono-Kayunga road.
for the past three weeks,” said Lubowa. He described Nagirinya and Kitayimbwa were reported missing
his daughter as a friendly and interesting young per- two days earlier after they were kidnapped just
son. “I am perturbed that someone opted to kill her outside her home in Lungujja, a Kampala suburb.
using a hammer,” Lubowa said. Meanwhile Police Nagirinya was laid to rest in Kibuye on Sept.1 while
say joint investigations by International Security Kitayimbwa was buried in Masaka on the same day.

The road ahead for new


Archbishop Steven Kaziimba
Church of Uganda Archbishop-elect Ste-
ven Samuel Mugalu Kaziimba will have to
deal with the interplay between the church
and state when he officially takes over on
March 1, 2020. He has been elected at a time
when there are increasing cases of kidnaps,
murders and torture of political opposition
figures. Kaziimba’s task ahead is even more
daunting with less than two years to the
2021 general elections that have created a
charged political atmosphere. As head of the
Protestant church, Kaziimba will be under
pressure to speak out on corruption, police Cheptegei wins gold in IAAF championship in Zurich
brutality and harassment of those in the
opposition. Politicians often use the church Uganda’s golden boy won gold in the 5000 metre I will not compete in the 5k
as a campaign platform in election season Joshua Cheptegei added to race at the Commonwealth but the 10k. Winning the
and all eyes will be on Archbsihop Kaziimba his impressive medal haul games. Cheptegei is now gold medal there would be
when election season sets in. The other issues when he ran a personal preparing for the World special because I have never
in the church Kaziimba will be tasked with best in 12:57:41 to scoop Championship in Doha, won a track gold at World
addressing are the rise of Pentecostal church- gold in the 5000m race at Qatar starting Sept.27 lasting Championships. I planned
es which are eating into mainstream Chris- the IAAF Diamond League to Oct 6 where he will take this race and I expected to
tian churches, the grabbing of land belong- Championship final. The part in the 10,000m race. The win. I will train in the moun-
ing to the church, moral decadence among feat comes with a $50,000 Kapchorwa-born star has tains of Uganda until Doha
church leaders involving illicit sexual affairs. cash prize. Cheptegei won continually improved his and the good thing is that
The absence of a female bishop in Church of gold at the World Cross performance and now he is my coach will be there, too,”
Uganda is something modern Christians will Country championship in arguably Uganda’s best ath- the 22-year-old star said.
throw at Kaziimba who has been described March this year. In 2018, he lete on the track. “In Doha
as a unifying figure. Many will also wait
to see how the new prelate will handle the
combustible issue of homosexuality, an issue
on which his predecessors were outspoken
Tony Elumelu tells Japan to support new entrepreneurs
about. The 57-year-old Bishop from Mityana Africa’s popular investor, key foundation for political
Diocese trounced Bishop Sheldon Mwesig- Tony O. Elumelu urged and economic stability. He
wa of Ankole Diocese with 26 to 12 votes. the government of Japan to outlined the three key pillars
The House of Bishops said the election of the invest 5% of its $50billion of a bold and transformative
ninth Arhcbishop was peaceful and should commitment to Africa in structure – investment in
be a template for the 2021 elections. empowering African entre- infrastructure, partnership
preneurs. He was delivering with the African private
a speech before global lead- sector and investment
ers at the 7th Tokyo Interna- Foundation’s robust, proven in Africa’s youth. In the
tional Conference on African model of getting capital last five years, the Tony
Development (TICAD) in directly to those best placed Elumelu Foundation has
Yokohama, Japan on Aug.29. to catalyse growth and cre- assisted over 7,500 African
At TICAD 2016 in Kenya, ate real impact, it is possible entrepreneurs across every
Japan pledged $30billion for to touch 500,000 lives, across African country, with seed
Africa. This year it increased the 54 African countries and capital, capacity building,
this to $50 billion. He said broaden markets. This, he mentorship and networking
that by just investing 5% in added would facilitate job opportunities through its
Africa’s new generation of creation, improve income $100million Entrepreneur-
entrepreneurs following his per capita, and laying the ship Programme. 

4 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
week
Twebaze World Intellectual Government tightens squeeze on NGOs
Property President Minister for internal affairs Obiga Kania
declined to extend a validation deadline for
the period of one month could only cater to the
registration of 1000 NGOs. Kania rejecting the
Bemanya Twebaze was elected NGOs despite several requests from NGO NGO’s entreaties said validation is only filling
President of the World Intellectual heads. The validation process commenced on a form which should not be a complicated
Property Organization (WIPO) Advi- Aug. 4 and ended on Sept.7, however NGO process. It is the first time since 1989 that gov-
sory Committee on Enforcement bosses the period of time was too short for them ernment is carrying out a validation exercise
at its 14th session held in Geneva, to verify their status and fulfill other technical for NGOs. In the last six months, there has been
Switzerland on Sept. 2. The Registrar requirements. In a dialogue between the min- a crackdown on NGOs with accusations from
General of Uganda Registration Ser- istry of internal affairs and NGOs at Kampala government of being pro-opposition and repre-
vices Bureau (URSB) will be assisted Serena Hotel, Richard Sewakiryanga, the exec- senting interests of foreign governments.
by Elizabeth Jones of the UK IPO utive director of the National NGO Forum said
Copyright and Enforcement Direc-
torate and Ray Meloni, Director of
Distinctive Signs of the National Insti- Museveni asks for pro-people MPs vow to visit
tute for the Defense of Copyright and
Intellectual Property of Peru. Twebaze legislation in GMO Bill safe houses
formerly served as the President For the second time in two years, President Museveni Members of Parliament on the
of Paris Union Assembly of WIPO. rejected the National Biotechnology and Biosafety Bill Human Rights Committee dis-
This election is a major milestone for 2012 urging legislators to put the concerns of ordinary agreed sharply with minister for
Uganda and has come at a time when Ugandans at the heart of legislation. The bill commonly defence Gen. Elly Tumwine over
Uganda has enhanced protection and known as the GMO Bill seeks to provide a regulatory safe houses in the country. MPs
enforcement of intellectual property framework for safe development and application of bio- kicked Tumwine out of the com-
rights. In his acceptance speech after technology, research development and release of genet- mittee hearing after he told them
the election, Twebaze said “Enforce- ically modified organisms. Museveni in a letter to the they cannot access houses run by
ment is a key aspect in promoting Speaker of Parliament said the law should allow scientists Internal Security Organisation
innovation and creativity in member to carry out research and make scientific breakthroughs (ISO). Kawempe North MP Latif
states and thus the need to balance that at the same time safeguard the ecology and diversify Ssebagala asked Tumwine why
enforcement of intellectual property that nature bestowed on Uganda while also protecting Ugandans are being detained
with members’ development priori- the interests of ordinary Ugandans. The President said and tortured in the safe hous-
ties”. Twebaze expressed appreciation the bill in its current form promotes commercial interests es. The minister was adamant
to the Director General of WIPO Fran- which endangers the livelihoods of poor farmers, whom and refused to answer most of
cis Gurry for the technical assistance he represents. The Speaker Rebecca Kadaga said Parlia- the MPs questions although he
extended to member states in build- ment may invoke Article 91 (6) (b) of the constitution to acknowledged the existence of
ing respect for intellectual property. make the Bill law after it is rejected by the President twice. the safe houses. “They are used to
coordinate clandestine intelligence
Malaria kills 147 in Agago district operations,” he told MPs. Howev-
er MPs insisted that the committee
had the powers to visit any securi-
Agago district in northern Uganda is nets. The other reason cited was the sharing ty installation in the country. MPs
grappling with a malaria epidemic that has of drugs by sick children with their siblings Robert Kyagulanyi and Angelline
seen the malaria prevalence rate shoot from which causes malaria resistance. As a result, Osegge said Tumwine was disre-
17%-95% in the last three months, according Occite said the district has recorded 147 specting the committee and urged
to the district’s malaria expert, Joseph Occite. malaria deaths in the last three months. their colleagues to kick him out of
Anti-malarial drug stock-outs have caused The district in the Acholi sub-region has no the committee. Safe houses have
panic as eight out of every ten people have district hospital relying on health centres been used for a longtime in the
tested positive for malaria. Occite told and support from development partners NRM regime to allegedly torture
journalists that the malaria upsurge is partly like World Vision. Supplies from National people especially those perceived
attributed to people abandoning mosquito Medical Stores delay for a week. to be regime opponents.

AfricellUG @AfricellUG

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Sept. 06 - 12 2019 5
week

Refugees, host communities tension could lead to conflict- report Government


A study by International clude agreements, often infor- borrows Shs400bn
Refugee Rights Initiative (IRRI)
between December 2018 and
mally, with host community
members to work on their land
for irrigation
May 2019 among 470 refugees in exchange for, often monetary,
and host communities in Arua, compensation,” the report states. The Parliamentary committee
Adjumani and Lamwo shows Refugees and their hosts are on National Economy approved
that the tension between the also competing for jobs from the a request by government to
two groups could escalate into several international NGOs. Res- borrow Shs416billion from the
broader conflict if not properly idents say they should be given U.K. for the construction of a
addressed. Refugees complained first priority for jobs form NGOs. solar-powered irrigation and
that they are often denied Inter community tensions, exac- water supply system project.
access to firewood and grass erbated by presence of individu- Appearing before the committee
for thatched roofs by their host als involved in the South Sudan to defend the loan, state minister
communities. In turn host com- conflict was also a powder keg for finance David Bahati said 920
munities accused the refugees of in refugee settlements. With the unit projects of a water supply
not seeking their consent when West Nile refugees insecurity in the neighboring system will be set up all over the
it came to use of some of some South Sudan, IRRI notes that a country to scale up agricultural
natural resources. Refugees had sufficient for de-escalation. IRRI lot of caution and monitoring production given it contributes
started making bricks and char- recommends to government that needs to be done by the Uganda 21% to the GDP. Bahati was
coal to complement the assis- efforts by local leaders to have government in cross-border accompanied by the permanent
tance given to them. IRRI notes dialogue were commendable movements. The report con- secretary in the ministry of water
in its report that the fight over but there is need for long term, cludes, “In sum, despite overall and environment Alfred Okidi.
land and some of the natural intensive action to address the good relations, there are many MPs on the committee were
resources which is causing envi- issue head on. The high number pressure points in refugee host- worried about loan absorption, a
ronmental degradation is esca- of South Sudanese refugees has ing areas in northern Uganda repayment plan and the imple-
lating rapidly in refugee-hosting put a strain on the land plots which could escalate into serious mentation. Other concerns were
districts. The report notes that allocated to them, not mention- conflict either between refugee the criteria for selecting the bene-
investments in tree planting ing the rocky and infertile nature and host communities, or within ficiaries of the project.
and fuel alternatives are not of the soil. “Refugees thus con- the refugee community.”

6 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
Humour Did you know?
U.S. can deny you visa over
your friends social media

As if growing up on social media wasn’t


President Yoweri Museveni rejects minimum wage law
bad enough, making sure you don’t have
anything that might harm your future, it
appears you may have to look out for what
your friends are saying too.
There have been reports of people being
denied entry into the U.S. for received
WhatsApp messages and social media
posts made by friends, in what the legal
and policy director of the American-Arab
Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC)
has called “the new normal”. Others have
been deported for pictures and messages
forwarded to them by a friend, with the
ADC saying that the FBI was even sent
to deal with one person because of a
WhatsApp message received from a friend.
In June the State Department brought in
new rules that mean nearly all applicants
for U.S. visas have to submit their social
media details on a list of social media
platforms including Twitter, Facebook, and
Instagram.
The security minister Elly Tumwine has asked Parliament to come to terms and live with safe houses
A Palestinian teenager who was admitted
to Harvard says he was denied entry
into the U.S. by officials after they looked
through the social media posts made by
his friends. Ismail B. Ajjawi, 17, has been
awarded a undergraduate scholarship
by US non-profit AMIDEAST and was
due to begin his studies on September 3.
Upon arrival at Boston Logan International
Airport last Friday, he was detained by
immigration officers, who searched through
his phone and laptop for around five hours.
“The idea that Ajjawi should be
prevented from taking his place at Harvard
because of his own political speech would
be alarming; that he should be denied this
opportunity based on the speech of others is
downright lawless,” Summer Lopez, senior
director of Free Expression Programs at
PEN America, said in a statement.
Source: IFL Science
Maj General Kasirye Gwanga has launched a struggle to protect and preserve the environment in Mityana.

Sept. 06 - 12 2019
News analysis Health Business
Behind Sudhir Deaths from MTN revenue Banks, telecoms
win over BOU C-section grows 30.5% battle for accolade

Issue No. 587 August. 30 - Sept. 05 2019


Ushs 5,000,Kshs 200, RwF 1,500, SDP 8

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http://twitter.com/#!/ugandatalks Museveni
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Letters are Why do HIV/circumcision advocates advise using condoms?


welcome ! Refer to: “Growing num- sensitivity. Cutting it off circumcised to prevent one
The Editor welcomes short and ber of Ugandan men opting is like cutting off a thumb HIV infection.
concise letters from our esteemed out of circumcision” (The believing the hand will work Authorities that cite the
readers on topical issues. Please Independent online sept.02). better. Search “functions of studies have other agendas
send them to:
The Editor, The Independent Claiming that circumcision the foreskin.” including political and
Publications Ltd, prevents a health problem is Many professionals have financial. Research shows
P.O Box 3304, a compulsion of circumcised criticised studies that claim that circumcision causes
Plot 82/84 Kanjokya St, men to have done to others that circumcision reduces physical, sexual, and psy-
Kamwokya. what was done to them. HIV transmission. The chological harm. This harm
Kampala,Uganda.
Historically, this compulsion investigators did not seek to is ignored by circumcision
Email: editor@independent.co.ug has led to over 200 potential determine the source of the advocates. Other methods
health claims for circumci- HIV infections during their to prevent HIV transmission
sion. All have been refuted. studies. They assumed all (condoms and sterilizing
Thirteen national and infections were heterosexu- medical instruments) are
Don’t malice circumcision international organisations ally transmitted. Many HIV much more effective, much
recommend against circum- infections in Africa are trans- cheaper, and much less
Refer to: “Growing number of Ugandan cision. Search “circumcision mitted by contaminated invasive. Even HIV/circum-
men opting out of circumcision” (The Inde- information summary” to injections and surgical pro- cision studies advise using
pendent online sept.02). A man getting cir- learn why. cedures. The absolute rate of condoms. With condoms
cumcised is entirely an informed choice and The foreskin has various HIV transmission reduction circumcision adds no benefit
if you really don’t want to carry it out, it’s functions that contribute to is only 1.3%, not the claimed to HIV prevention.
not an achievement neither is it a crime. But
sexual experience for both 60%. Even if the claim were Ronald Goldman, PhD
there are people out there willing to carry it
partners. It contains thou- true, based on the studies,
out, so stop infecting them with your mali-
sands of nerves and expands about 60 men had to be
cious mentality.
Moses Barigye
I would pay year’s Stop HIV without
Circumcision is not salary not to be inflicting torture
forced on anyone circumcised Refer to: “Growing number of Ugandan men opt-
Refer to: “Growing number of Ugan- ing out of circumcision” (The Independent online
dan men opting out of circumcision” (The Refer to: “Growing sept.02). It is quite difficult to know exactly the right
Independent online sept.02). I don’t think number of Ugandan way because circumcision existed before the HIV/aids
circumcision is forced on anyone. It’s just men opting out of scourge as a religious and cultural practice among
one of the ways that have proved to be circumcision” (The many communities in the world. But the contradiction
effective in reducing the spread of HIV. It’s Independent online is even the circumcised lot have equally perished in
advice which you can take or leave. Just like sept.02). Good for them. I greater numbers from the fangs of the scourge. So let
condoms, no one can force you to use them. would pay a year’s salary other alternatives which do not inflict any form of tor-
It’s your life and it’s you to decide. But you rather than be circumcised ture be used like use condoms, abstinence etc.
shouldn’t discourage others. or have my son Okello Daniel opio
Ibrahim Ahmed Luyombya circumcised. Why would
I want the most sensitive
I regret the day I and pleasurable parts cut Let people enjoy their
was circumcised
off? That little bit of skin
makes a big difference (it’s freedom of expression
not just there to protect
the glans). Around two Refer to: “Heavy security deployment as Bobi Wine,
Refer to: “Growing number of Ugandan thirds of the world’s men Besigye head to Hoima”. Let people enjoy their free-
men opting out of circumcision” (The Inde- (including 88% of the dom of expression by expressing their rights in the
pendent online sept.02). I regret the day I world’s non-Muslim men) country. But whenever it is the ruling party there is less
was circumcised. I think the promoters of never get circumcised. security deployment. Now that it is another party, they
this act are not well informed or else have
Mark open their muscle. We shall not get tired.
personal benefits.
Gabriel Palaanda
Benson Bariyo

8 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
The Last Word opinion

From king to emperor


By Andrew M. Mwenda
What the politics of People Power tells us about
the nature of government they will preside over

P
eople Power is the most trending to democracy and accountable government Sub Sahara Africa, the “discursive genre”
political cult in Uganda. They are in a poor country. However, I am inclined about political power is “eating.” From
angry at the corruption of President to believe that governments, especially in inception, the colonial economy was built
Yoweri Museveni and his National ethnically fragmented societies like ours, as an integral part of politics – economic
Resistance Movement (NRM) government. need to change regularly. Presidential term resources flowed to those with power. The
While its followers carry a deep sense of limits are needed to ensure regular change benefits of modernity (jobs as chiefs, civil
victimhood, they are not resigned but of power. When a president retires, the new servants, teachers, etc. or allocation of land
energised. They want to get Museveni out of one should come from a different ethnic and trading licenses) went to those who
power – but what for? To that later! region. This way, ethnic elites can rotate at collaborated with the colonial state.
The cult has a large following across the trough, thereby ensuring an equitable Thus control of state power became a
Uganda’s urban social groups: young distribution of opportunities “for loot” and means of controlling economic resources
professionals, students, unemployed youth, most likely, political stability. and in turn control of economic resources
boda boda riders, hawkers, taxi touts, The fatigue and anger we see in Uganda became a means of reproducing power
lumpens (bayaye) and some respectable towards Museveni is largely because of a through neo-patrimonial networks. African
intellectuals. But for the most part, cult deep-seated grievance that “Westerners” elites did not fight for independence to
members are high on emotion and short on have been at the trough too long. Other dismantle the colonial state but to inherit
public policy, loud in rhetoric but lacking ethnic regions need their turn too. Therefore, its privileges. Listening to them, it becomes
in organisation. While most organisations the best solution for Uganda (as a federation clear that People Power is the embodiment
would see this as a handicap, People Power of ethnicities) is to rotate power among of this popular expectation. Given power,
cult members see this as a virtue. Why? them. Many intellectuals would be horrified it would reproduce exactly what Museveni
It is because the cult does not seek power at my suggestion that patronage and has presided over – massive corruption
for high ideals or ideological goals. For all its clientelism (otherwise called corruption) is and patronage – but most likely (and sadly)
self-righteousness, it seeks power primarily the real basis for order in poor countries and without his finesse.
to give its supporters a chance at official without it, the state could easily disintegrate. We have a rich history from which to
loot. They are energised because they see But this is largely because they are naïve and draw such a conclusion. In 2002, Kenyans
the removal of Museveni as an opportunity idealistic. voted Daniel arap Moi’s KANU out of office
get a chance at the trough. We see this in Museveni has ruled with the same because of its massive corruption. The new
how they conceptualise political power. corruption and patronage as Mobutu of president, Mwai Kibaki, even appointed
They think anyone who supports Museveni/ former Zaire. However, he has done this the indefatigable John Githongo as
government has been paid; there exists no while sustaining an impressing rate of ombudsman. Githongo had been a leading
ideological, historical, ethnic, religious or economic and, therefore, revenue growth. anti corruption campaigner working with
even emotional support for government. This has allowed him to continually build Transparency International – at one time I
If I share any sympathy for (and agreement the institutional capacity of the state and worked under him as a consultant. Under
with) People Power, it is that they are asking meet the demands for more patronage Kibaki, corruption skyrocketed. Within two
for something fundamental i.e. we need and a bit of welfare. By not sustaining years, Githongo had run to exile because the
to give a chance to another ethno-regional economic growth, Mobutu ate the hen that “looting mafia” was closing in to kill him.
or even demographic coalition to come to was supposed to lay the golden egg of state If Kenyans thought this was it, today they
power and “loot” on behalf of its followers. consolidation. Museveni has demonstrated find the corruption of the Uhuru Kenyatta
That is all People Power offers. What I am that patronage and clientelism (corruption) government to surpass everything they have
not sure about is whether in their greed, cult are not necessarily injurious to state building witnessed before.
leaders would pick a leaf from Museveni but are an important accompaniment to it. This is the story of Zambia, Malawi,
i.e. always ensure a continually growing In his essay “Finishing off with the Idea of Nigeria, Ghana, Senegal, Benin, DRC,
economy to pay for increasing patronage the Third World, The Concept of the Political etc. Change of power, whether violent
demands. Trajectory” Jean Francois Bayart argues that or peaceful, has led to more, not less
NRM came to power promising to fight politics must be understood as a moment in corruption. The lesson is simple but
corruption but Museveni has presided over a very long-term story. This can be a story fundamental: corruption is the way the
the most corrupt government in Uganda’s of a civilization, of a culture and of a system system works, not the way it fails. People
history. Museveni, however, is a much more of inequalities. Out of a people’s experience Power supporters accuse anyone who
sophisticated individual. He has some belief of this past, a past involving external and defends Museveni/government of being
that the pursuit of power, while involving endogenous forces, people construct various paid. This is because their “discursive genre”
exchange of money, can also be motivated “discursive genres” through which politics of politics is the cash nexus. Give them
by high ideals and broader ideological goals. is understood and participated in. Bayart power and cash in politics will cease to be
It is this nuance that is missing in the People gives examples of such genres as the British king and become emperor.
Power cult. system of representative government and
I no longer hold the utopian belief in the civil liberties, Islamic thought, etc. amwenda@independent.co.ug
virtues of term limits on presidents as a key In Uganda, and indeed across most of

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 9
cover story

Colours of violence
in 2021 elections
It’ll be bloody if
yellow, red clash

Baker Kasumba’s hands were nailed together with the ‘offending’ yellow NRM beret

10 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
cover story

Opposition MPs who identify with the People Power group march in Arua town ahead of the Arua Municipality by-election last year year

W
By Ronald Musoke colour inviting trouble on those who wear Besigye following intelligence information
such outfits. In one incident 27 pupils of that “illicit materials” were going to be
hat to wear in Uganda.’ Winterland Primary School in Kyebando, used to incite violence. After four hours of
That is a common their two teachers and ten security guards, searching, police confiscated over 20 red
briefing topic for visitors including plain cloth police personnel napkins which, according to Edith, were
to Uganda. Some of accompanying them were attacked and used as teaching aides for girls who were
them are told not to wear beaten at an event at Nkumba University learning how to knit.
black or blue garments in Entebbe municipality. Their crime was
– because they attract disease carrying tsetse wearing their red uniform or costumes. ‘We have been saying this’
flies. Recent events, however, show that Then the parliament of Uganda banned But it is the recent attack on Kasumba
residents might also need to be careful what red ribbons. In another case, the RDC of which has raised most attention on how
colour they wear. Yellow and red, it appears; Lamwo District in northern Uganda, James the colours people wear are becoming a
need to be worn with caution as the country Nabinson Kidega, ordered police to arrest political issue. Police and politicians have
heads into the 2021 general elections. anyone wearing red. Kidega said red attire condemned the attack.
Baker Kasumba says he is paying a high is linked to combative conduct, inciting “It is wrong for anyone to be injured for
price for wearing the wrong colour as a violence and lawlessness. wearing colours of their favourite political
recent gruesome photo on social media Recently, in August, the police banned party and it is wrong for anyone to be
shows. The shocking photo which surfaced party colours from court rooms after a attacked for their political beliefs,” said Joel
on Aug.29 shows the young man, who police magistrate in Kampala was attacked. Ssenyonyi, the spokesperson of the People
later identified as Baker Kasumba, 21, on a Many people were arrested, most of them Power group in an interview with The
hospital bed, with two six-inch nails sunk wearing blue shirts which is associated with Independent on Aug.30.
into his palms. opposition political party—the Forum for He said People Power condemns the
Kasumba says his attackers were Democratic Change (FDC). But the ensuing attack and added: “This is what we have
punishing him for wearing a yellow outfit condemnation centred on the red colour all along been saying; that People Power
– the colour of the ruling party, NRM. He of the People Power political grouping led members are not criminals. Wearing a red
says he was wearing a yellow beret, which by rising political star, Robert Ssentamu or yellow beret is not a crime. Whoever did
his attackers nailed together with his palms. Kyagulanyi aka Bobi Wine (MP Kyadondo this should be arrested and prosecuted in the
These claims could not be independently East). courts of law.”
verified because Kasumba is being kept In another incident, in October last year, Justine Kasule Lumumba, the Secretary
away from the media by officials of NRM. police raided and searched the home of General of NRM visited Kasumba on
Until this incident, red has been the Edith Byanyima, sister-in-law to Dr. Kizza Aug.30 and pledged NRM’s support in

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 11
cover story

President Museveni is received by his yellow-wearing supporters during the 2016 presidential election campaigns

form of paying his medical bills. He was downtown Kampala, an area packed the yellow colour (for the ruling National
immediately transferred from Mulago with thousands of traders in several high- Resistance Movement) and red, for the
Hospital to a secret safe place because “he rise shopping arcades selling all sorts of People Power Movement.
was still being trailed by his attackers.” merchandise. The red colour took on new meaning
“We shall not accept this kind of political Many political commentators say the in Uganda’s politics during the debate in
intimidation and whoever did it should attack on Kasumba is probably a hint about Parliament on the Age Limit Bill, 2017. MPs
desist from it,” a Kampala Metropolitan how violent the 2021 general election might who opposed the bill adopted the red colour
Police statement signed by spokesperson, turn out to be unless Ugandans sober up. to symbolize their resistance to the removal
Patrick Onyango said, “Uganda is a free of the presidential age limit.
country, where everyone is allowed to Prepare for violence The Bill was overwhelmingly passed
express his or her political affiliation.” Kasumba’s ordeal came just days after the by 317 NRM-leaning MPs against the 97
Some NRM party supporters were quick Women’s Democracy Network Uganda and for the opposition. But that did not end
to blame the opposition for the attack. the Innovation for Democratic Engagement the opposition MPs from associating with
This was a quick reversal to an incident and Action released a report last month the colour red. In recent by-elections and
that happened in July when opposition predicting that the 2021 general election will other political events, the colour has been a
politicians blamed the government for be the most violent ever in Uganda. unifying factor for politicians pushing the
murdering one of their own—a young The report titled, “Early warning signs “People Power” agenda.
man known as Zigy Wyne. The police for violence in Uganda’s 2021 elections and There are other colours; blue for the
later showed CCTV footage to prove Zigy structures and strategies for mitigation” Forum for Democratic Change and white
Wyne died from injuries he sustained in a found that 83% of people surveyed in 13 and green for DP. But there have been fewer
motorcycle accident. districts across the country feared violence incidents around them; possibly because
Speaking from his bed in Mulago will be ‘unprecedented’ in the next election. they are more commonly won by members
National Referral Hospital before he was Perry Aritua, the executive director of of the public. It could also be because DP
whisked into hiding, Kasumba said he was Women’s Democracy Network-Uganda told has generally pursued peaceful politics and,
walking from work on the evening of Aug.28 The Independent on Aug.30 that people do not although former FDC president, Rtd Col.
when two men attacked him. He said the want to listen to each other as long as they Kizza Besigye has shown a militant streak
men hit him on the head before “crucifying” come from different political groups. In the and tactics, the party has remained peaceful.
him. He said he worked at a shopping survey, political intolerance stood at 32.6%. The emergence of the People Power
arcade called Jesco which is part of Ham “Those interviewed (for the survey) said group, which rose to prominence after
Shopping Centre in downtown Kampala. the major tool to be used for violence is word battling security forces in Parliament in a
According to Kampala Metropolitan of mouth but when you connect words fight that left property destroyed and many
Police, before Kasumba was attacked, three to intolerance, then you get a recipe for of them arrested, has raised the likelihood of
days earlier, on Aug.25, an unidentified man disaster.” nation-wide violence.
“approached him at his work place and Aritua blames political leaders who, she People Power was blamed for violence
confronted him to stop supporting NRM says, are not doing enough to diffuse the in the Arua by-election that left President
and President Museveni.” tension that is building ahead of the 2021 Yoweri Museveni’s convoy attacked by a
It still remains unclear whether Kasumba election. rally crowd. Museveni’s security said a rear
was a flamboyant NRM supporter in Most of the tension appears to be between window of one of the cars in his convoy

12 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
cover story
was smashed with stones. The driver of the the weekend of Aug.24, he realised that one function. The official colour of Obote’s
leader of the People Power group was shot of his car tyres was getting flat and branched Uganda Peoples Congress (UPC) party is
dead in reprisal attacks by the security. to a garage in the Rubaga area in the western red.
President Museveni in one of the division of Kampala city to get it fixed. “There were so many such little fights at
public missives he published in the media However, there was a small problem. the time,” said Ssebana. The emphasis was
following the Arua Municipality by-election He was caught unawares as the garage on “little fights.”
said the opposition forces who attacked his attendants he expected to fix his car, In 2009, at the launch of electoral reforms
convoy were wearing red colours. remained glued to their seats. Instead the by the opposition in the Parliament Gardens,
“This group has been putting on red to young men sneered at the old man rudely. the Electoral Commission Chairperson
signify their intention to shed blood, and He read the non-verbal cue and drove Badru Kiggundu was put on the spot
they have been putting on Army red berets away. He was wearing a cream shirt that the when Dr. Kizza Besigye remarked that all
to signify their intention of using military youthful mechanics probably considered too guests had turned up in “their colours”
means,” he said. He added that the security “yellow.” including Kiggundu. The EC boss whom the
forces have ignored “those threatening Political analysts have told The Independent opposition often accused of favouring NRM
signals” but not anymore. that the 2021 general election will probably was decked in a yellow tie.
Many politicians and their supporters be one of the most colourful elections Mwambutsya Ndebesa, a political
have been swelling the ranks of the People Uganda has ever held with yellow and red historian based at Makerere University says
Power group. Many believe state inspired being the most dominant colours. the use of colour in competitive politics is an
violence during elections must be met with Dr. Patrick Wakida, the executive director important tool for political parties to portray
organised civilian resistance. of the Kampala-based polling firm Research their ideals and connotations. But in Uganda
World International told The Independent colours play a crucial practical role.
Changing role of colour recently that there is a sign of growing “Considering that the majority of the
Uganda’s political parties have population is still peasantry with low levels
traditionally had official colours. According of education, you don’t expect Ugandans
to the Electoral Commission, Uganda has to identify parties based on programmes or
29 registered political parties and each has ideology,” Ndebesa told local broadcaster,
unique symbols and colours to ease voter
recognition during elections and create It is not that NTVU, early this year, “In the absence of
political ideology and programmes, what
harmonious party co-existence.
Colours have meant almost nothing
people are simplifies and creates meaning for political
parties are colours.”
in everyday life as many FDC die-hards
routinely wear yellow and many NRM
tired of the Aritua who did the study predicting
violence says politicians need to tell their
stalwarts easily wear red. But that is
changing.
colour yellow; supporters that colours are mere means to
differentiate one party from another.
Many people, especially at public
functions, are emulating the late NRM
it is just the “It is important that politicians take charge
and inform their followers about the need to
legislator, Col. Ibrahim Abiriga (then-MP growing co-exist.”

level of
for Arua Municipality) who became the best Theodore Ssekikubo (MP Lwemiyaga,
example of how politicians use party colours NRM) told The Independent on Aug.31 that

intolerance
to show allegiance. nailing the young man is wrong and shows
Abiriga was unapologetic about the colour growing extremism and criminality around
yellow. He was a self-proclaimed diehard
supporter of President Museveni and the in the country the country.
“It is not that people are tired of the
NRM. He even got the moniker “yellow colour yellow; it is just the growing level
man.” of intolerance in the country. Yellow is an
Abiriga confessed to The Independent in embodiment of a particular political group
2017 that his wardrobe is predominantly in this country and this boy happened to be
yellow; his suits, shirts, shoes, hats, socks opposition to NRM. wearing this colour perceived to belong to
and even undergarments. “That is why if you see people being this political group.”
“Everything on me has to at least have stopped from wearing certain colours, “Whether NRM was using red, black or
yellow if it is not fully yellow,” he said, “The you should know that the pressure on the blue, it would not have made any difference.
plate I use, the cups, my bed is yellow, house ruling government is growing,” Wakida It is the intolerance and criminality that
and everything must be yellow.” said, “When they see people wearing red is being used in the name of politics. This
Abiriga who was two years into his first gathering in large numbers, they perceive must be fought by all political leaders in the
term as a Member of Parliament for Arua that as a threat to the ruling party. country.”
Municipality in northwestern Uganda died Wakida said people join political parties “Tolerance is a cardinal principle in a
in a hail of bullets on June 8, last year, as he out of conviction, fear, or because they democratic society,” said opposition MP
was returning to his home in Kawanda. The have seen the other political group gaining and People Power firebrand Muhammad
election to replace him was the most violent. popularity and as such they would want to Muwanga Kivumbi (MP Butambala, DP)
The trend of associating politics with be a part of that group. “I may not like yellow but I cannot hold
colour of dress is growing, sometimes with Colour has always been a delicate matter it against a person. Society shouldn’t be
negative outcomes if not violence. A retired in Ugandan politics. The late Mayor of pushed to the level of intolerance because it
diplomat who teaches at Uganda Martyrs Kampala City, John Ssebana Kizito, who can breed war.”
University in Kampala recently rudely was a DP youth winger and later president “Leaders must ensure that at all times,
found out how things can go if one wears general told The Observer in 2011 about how tolerance is exercised. So many people are
the ‘wrong’ colour. a minister in President Obote’s government victims of circumstances; some of them
The diplomat who requested not to be chased away a civil servant who had turned- support an oppressive regime because they
named said as he was reporting to work on up wearing a green shirt at a government need to survive,” he told The Independent.

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 13
NEWS ANALYSIS

GSMA Ecosystem Accelerator Tech Hubs Landscape Report 2018

Africa’s future is innovation


rather than industrialisation
The continent must also overcome significant
hurdles if it is to grab the 4IR opportunity
By Agencies industries, offering the continent an is essential, and the Fourth Industrial

A
unparalleled opportunity to transform and Revolution (4IR) - underpinned by
frica has taken three significant thrive. forward-looking trade agreements and
steps in recent months on its And the World Economic Forum support systems for entrepreneurs - has the
journey to a stronger economic has just launched the Africa Growth potential to supply much of that demand.
future. Platform, an initiative aimed at helping
In March, the African Union launched startup enterprises grow and compete Africa’s digital revolution
the African Continental Free Trade Area internationally. With early-stage Africa has definitely grasped the promise
(AfCFTA). This landmark agreement entrepreneurial activity 13% higher than of the 4IR. More than 400 tech hubs have
aims to create a single market expected the global average, Africa is well placed to sprung up across the continent, with
to generate a combined GDP of more get startups off the ground, but it also has Lagos, Nairobi and Cape Town emerging
than $3.4 trillion and benefit over 1 billion a higher-than-average failure rate due to as internationally recognised technology
people. insufficient support and infrastructure. The centers. These cities now host thousands
In April, the South African government Africa Growth Platform will bring together of startups, along with the incubators,
announced the launch of a new Affiliate governments, investors and businesses accelerators, innovation hubs, maker
Centre of the World Economic Forum’s to help startups thrive and become spaces, technology parks and co-working
Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution sustainable. spaces that support them.
(C4IR). These are important steps forward. Notable successes include the mobile
The Centre will act as a focal point Because despite recent economic growth, lending app Branch International, which
for dialogue and co-operation on the Africa remains subject to lingering recently raised $170 million in one of the
challenges and opportunities presented by challenges–including inequality, relatively largest funding rounds achieved by an
advanced technologies, which are merging poor agricultural productivity and Africa-focused startup, and a billion-dollar
our physical, digital and biological worlds. significant youth unemployment. It is also IPO for Jumia, the largest e-commerce
These include a number of tools that, about to witness a population explosion, company on the continent and the first
combined, will disrupt Africa’s dominant with 2.4 billion people expected to call African tech startup to be listed on the New
agricultural, extractive and manufacturing the continent home by 2050. Job creation York Stock Exchange. Elsewhere, pockets of

14 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
NEWS ANALYSIS
tools do not completely remove the need for
effective road systems and transportation
links.
Gaining useful, actionable insights
from the data glut

It’s become common to refer to data


as “the new oil,” and in one sense, it is.
According to research, the big data analytics
market is set to reach $103 billion by 2023,
and it’s estimated that every person will
generate 1.7 megabytes in just one second
by 2020. On the other hand, data is nothing
like oil because it’s not a finite resource. Far
from it. This presents an opportunity for
Africa, if it can turn the forthcoming glut
of bits and bytes into useful, actionable
insights that can be accessed and shared
easily. To do this, cross-continental
policies and standards for the generation,
regulation, use and management of
data will need to be developed–a not
inconsiderable task.
Building the new skills needed –
against the clock

As already mentioned, machinery on its


own isn’t enough to succeed in the 4IR–you
also need to know how to run it. Africa is
by no means alone in facing a potential gap
here, not only in the specialist technical
skills required to work with emerging
technologies, but also in the complementary
capabilities to help people adapt to an
Advanced technologies predicted to disrupt industry in Africa/ A.T. Kearney, 2019 ever-changing job market. It’s necessary
to fast-track moves to skill and reskill the
proactive government policy, like Tunisia’s tech hubs from Bengaluru to Berlin, Beijing future and existing workforce, making sure
Startup Act, are helping foster this culture to Boston, this spurs the chances of success adjustments are addressed early within
of innovation. even more than the technology itself. the education ecosystem and refined on an
Efforts like these will become Policy, regulation, finance, infrastructure, ongoing basis through further education and
increasingly important to help a hyper- education and talent must all come together life-long learning.
connected and entrepreneurial youth in an innovation ecosystem focused on The need for an innovation
population on its way to a digital future. an integrated agenda and propelled by ecosystem
However, with one or two exceptions, these unconstrained collaboration.
initiatives are largely being driven at a city To do all of this effectively, today’s
or enterprise level, rather than an integrated How Africa can grab the 4IR fragmented efforts must be turned into
national level, to Africa’s detriment overall. opportunity a cohesive approach. Institutions like the
One illustration of this can be found in African Union and Africa50 along with the
the World Economic Forum’s Readiness The continent must also overcome Africa Growth Platform and the C4IR have
for the Future of Production Report 2018, significant hurdles if it is to grab the 4IR sown the seeds for pan-African collaboration
which analyzed countries’ preparedness to opportunity and become the global hotbed and investment, but more public-private
capitalise on emerging technologies. of innovation. Three ingredients are key to partnerships are essential. The World Bank
Of the 25 African countries assessed, making that grab: suggests the comparative success of certain
22 were classified as having a low level of Definitively tackling the digital African tech clusters can be attributed to the
readiness for the future, due to lack of the hygiene gaps establishment of “organic, multi-stakeholder
necessary enabling conditions. Beyond tech ecosystems” and that these are more
platforms and innovation capacity, these The single basic requirement for any effective than initiatives led by government,
include a robust institutional framework, tech center is access to cutting-edge digital the private sector or academia alone.
the right skills and talent, the ability connectivity, which has come in leaps and If Africa can develop these clusters
to attract global trade and investment, bounds across Africa as mobile adoption further and create an integrated innovation
availability of sustainable resources and a has accelerated. However, many “last mile” ecosystem to tackle the 4IR, it stands to
thriving demand environment. or even “last 50 meters” connectivity gaps supercharge its economies, its societies and
Although the Middle East and North remain, the allocation of licensed spectrum the livelihoods of millions.
Africa region fared better on average than is sporadic, and government-driven internet
sub-Saharan Africa, readiness across each shutdowns continue to plague countries This article is part of the World Economic
driver varies considerably by country, like Somalia and Ethiopia. What’s more, Forum on Africa
indicating the absence of co-operative reliable access to energy, clean water and
action. As we have seen from other global other resources is not a given, while digital

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 15
news analysis

On Uganda Airlines
By Gyagenda Semakula Zikusooka

I
woke up at 3:30am on Wednesday,
August 28, 2019 and made up to be
able to catch my flight to Nairobi. My
only reason for this trip was to be one
of the very first commercial travelers of the
revamped Uganda Airlines; a day after it
first commercial flight
took to the skies on its official launch to the
same destination. My experience
This is indisputably the first commercial
flight in two decades as the national carrier
embarks on a long journey to register its “you are seven onboard.” time travelers on the mighty Uganda
presence among global competitors. I imagined who the other six patriotic Airlines’ commercial flights. We were led
I fumbled with the online booking comrades were! I didn’t ask whether I through the immigration to Gate Number
system which was really unfriendly and was the first or seventh passenger to get 2 for boarding where we found the other
I could not easily complete my booking. I booked but this was not important. I also passengers. None of us looked at the other
called the airline offices. The response was learnt later that one of us was booked to fly the way we do the usual strange passengers
instant. I gave them a tick. I gladly gave my jambojet but missed the flight and found in transit. We were all smiles at each other.
feedback and also made some suggestions. solace at UR. KQ must have felt terrible Everybody seemed surprised at seeing the
I thought I should be a contributor and here but thank God for the misfortune that other. The surprise to my eyes was Alon
not a cynic; especially if the love for your enabled a countryman to be written in Mwesigwa and Oliver Nakatudde both
country is not prompted and conditional. history and a memoir worth the tale. He journalists working with Uganda Radio
The unfriendly system eventually gave made it to the list of the infamous eight. Network. They too were surprised to see
me a reservation confirmation; QRDHVR. The excitement started as the airline staff another journalist who they thought was
I again called the office to ask for easier at the check-in counters became so ecstatic on official duty. In affirmation, I told them
and quicker payment options. They were and elated to see us. As I approached the my day’s duty was to show solidarity by
several and I chose the cash option. I went counters, the first passengers that I jolted supporting my own carrier and exhibit
to the airline office at the airport and paid into were Usher Wilson Owere; NOTU patriotism.
US$277.20 (Shs1,053,000). Chairman General and his wife Evelyn. We were led to the CRJ900 Bombardier
Just before departure on Wednesday My excitement took another turn flight UR202. My intuition immediately
morning, I went to the same office where because Owere and I are alumni of Tororo drove me into a search on and beneath the
I enquired from a staff who introduced College (TC). I joked about it; that TC is seats just to be sure that there are no rats on
herself as Rosemary, how many we were. “in things”! The feeling was like that of a board. There was none and I predict there
She joyfully and with a very big smile said first time traveler. But yes, we were first will never be any. The beautiful interior and

16 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
news analysis
the newness of the aircraft consumed part to us the welcome custom of a water salute just like others that were also arriving
of me for some moments. How I wish we that happens whenever a plane is making and transiting. One asked me whether I
can jealously guard and maintain it in that a maiden flight at a particular airport. It had really paid for my ticket. I gave him
shape. happened as we slowly taxied on the run evidence. He was surprised. I knew we
The seventy-six seating capacity aircraft way. Another memorable experience! were up for something beyond what the
has twelve business class seats that were As news started going out to the eyes can see.
not booked for this flight. All the eight now waking up social media jacks of all We checked out and spent the rest of the
passengers were booked in economy trades; lambastes, criticism and abuses to day in Nairobi as we waited for our return
class. We were welcomed on board by everybody and everyone; including the trip later in the evening. Yes, there was
flight attendants Kasemire Roni, Johnson innocent passengers crept into space. some visible drama in the evening. The first
Mugume and flight purser (chief flight One called us insane for flying the Pearl. instance was tossing us to which terminal
attendant) Asiimwe Neema. As is the Another prophesied that eight is the biggest to access for check in. We managed all these
aviation tradition, we heeded to the usual number that this airline will ever record. huddles and checked in. Our flight UR205
flight instructions in very clear and audible Others wondered how and why the airline was scheduled and we could see it on the
English by one of the crew members shortly would fly for only eight million shillings! screens. When we got to boarding Gate 5 at
before take-off. This reminded me of the story of Coca Cola 21:30hrs, nobody seemed to know what to
As a Pan Africanist, I did not miss any which is the most recognised object in the do with us.
of my cherished native languages for the world. It is really a tall order to imagine that The UR staff excitement had already
first time. I was gratified and contented UR is the next Coca Cola but why would faded into oblivion. One spoke to the other
with the instructions in English. I only we wish it away on its maiden flight? How in Luo and punctuated their talk with the
wish they could integrate Kiswahili for us was Virgin Atlantic born? usual Kenyan Kiswahili. They could not
East Africans because the on board safety Richard Branson started his Virgin imagine that any of us knew what they
cards and other writings in the aircraft are Atlantic after getting stuck in Puerto Rico were saying. I surprised them when I
bi-lingual. while trying to get to the British Virgin responded in Kiswahili.
Captain Charles Karabarinde assisted I got aroused when she said that the
by First Officer Denis Chotum shortly plane had flown back with passengers on
taxied to the run way at 6:05am. History it. I knew who that plane had come for
was recorded at 6:13am when the tires of and we were all eagerly waiting for the
the CRJ900 got off the run way at take- He hired a return experience. I told her that none of the
off. The other crew members were First
Officers Tina Drazu and Cheboy Rashid
plane and passengers had gone because we were all
just before her.
who were on flight in training and carrying borrowed a She rudely said “I don’t work for
out observations. The passengers onboard
included Workers’ leader Usher Wilson blackboard Uganda Airlines.” I insisted that we were
6 passengers and that we were all still
Owere, his wife Evelyn, Emmanuel Kwezi and as a joke, waiting. At about 22:30, we were led by a
Tabaaro, businessmen Joseph Kasigazi and
Peter Ssenkungu and journalists Gyagenda he wrote Virgin ground staff through the emergency exit to
the van that drove us to the eagerly waiting
Semakula, Alon Mwesigwa and Oliver Airlines on UR205 vessel. We were I, Alon Mwesigwa,
Nakatudde who all paid for their return air
tickets. the top of the Oliver Nakatudde, Kwezi Tabaaro and two
other passengers Fred Byabashaija and
The usually short air trip to Nairobi was blackboard, Makayi Wakooba who is a flight instructor
smooth with a tail push. We were served
with the expected Ugandan cuisine of Jesa $39 one way to at Wilson Airport.
The crew members were Capt.
yoghurt, Wavah water; specifically bottled BVI Emmanuel Mutebi who was assisted by
for Uganda Airlines, bread, coffee, fruit Capt. Michael Etyang as the FO. The flight
salads and Lato butter. The teabags and purser was Mugabi Daniel and attendants
juices (Pick n Peel) were the Kenyan brands Musoke William and Annette Tinka. In
on board. I did not probe into why we did observation were Capt. Fred Kint and FO
not have Mukwano, Kayonza or Uganda Ivan Massa. There was also a lady engineer
Tea or our own Cheers of Delight Uganda. Islands. His flight was cancelled because Neka who we were told was passing out
As a stakeholder and now supporter of they didn’t have enough passengers to the cabin crew. The flight was equally
the carrier, I will request to know why these warrant the flight. He hired a plane and smooth and touched the ground at exactly
did not merit. Nevertheless, this could not borrowed a blackboard and as a joke, he 23:58hrs.
kill our experience and joy of being the first wrote Virgin Airlines on the top of the If only the abettors of impunity and
fliers at an altitude of 33,000ft high. blackboard, $39 one way to BVI. He went corruption and those who only rant and
The smooth touch-down at exactly out round all the passengers who had fight for their clansmen and tribesmen
7am aroused an equivocal applause from been bounced and lined them up on his whenever found guilty should stop and
the passengers on this historic maiden first plane. What could not warrant one value this as a national asset for Uganda
commercial flight that touched the ground flight was what Branson needed to start his and Ugandans, its position in the market
five minutes ahead of its scheduled landing own airline. What could have happened is a reality. Uganda Airlines should study
at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. if Branson was like some Ugandans and Chan Kim and Renée Mauborgne’s `Blue
Businessman Kasigazi in a very loud voice he had cast his dream into the deepest Ocean Strategy’.
announced, “Bombadier has arrived.” pit because of social media deriders and I am proud to be in the annals of Uganda
We were all thrilled and clapped to satirists? Airlines as one of their first cash clients.
show how excited we were. The crew too On arrival at JKIA, some ground and Let’s fly the Crane to the Pearl of Africa!
could not hide their excitement for this immigration staff were shocked that we
achievement. The next voice we heard was were not staff of Uganda Airlines. They Gyagenda Semakula is a PR/Journalist
from the cockpit when the pilot announced could not imagine that we were passengers

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 17
news analysis

Homosexuality not
Genetic, says study
Lokodo pleased, LGBTs say
study misunderstood
By Patricia Akankwatsa &Agencies bill toughening penalties for gay people for the study whose results were pub-

U
following tough debate and threats of lished in the journal `Science’ on Aug.31.
ganda’s Minister for Ethics and economic sanction from America and the The study was done by an international
Integrity Fr. Simon Lokodo has West. The law Museveni signed crimina- group of scientists working with 23and-
welcomed results of a recent lises acts of homosexuality with sentences Me, a personal genomics firm.
massive study that shows that of s life imprisonment for acts of “aggra- Instead of finding the single gene
the so-called ‘gay gene’ is a total myth. vated homosexuality”. It also criminalises responsible for homosexuality, the study
“Of course there is no person born the “promotion “of homosexuality” by says all human sexual orientation appears
gay,” said Lokodo who has been in the LGBTQ activists. to be influenced by a complex mix of
lead in the crusade against homosexuality One of the central points of contention genetic and environmental influenc-
in Uganda. was whether some people are genetically es. That’s also the case for many other
Lokodo added: “Since it has been prov- predisposed to be gay or homosexuality human traits, such as height.
en by scientists, we are going to persecute is lifestyle choice. Most of those in favour “It’s effectively impossible to predict an
every one of them who is pretending to of gay persecution favoured the view that individual’s sexual behavior from their
be normal”. homosexuality is a lifestyle choice while genome,” study co-author Ben Neale, a
Uganda has been in the spotlight on those opposed said it was genetic. statistical geneticist at the Broad Institute
gay rights since President Yoweri Musev- The search for the precise genetic basis of MIT and Harvard, told Live Science.
eni in February 2014 signed into law a for sexual orientation was the motivation Richard Lusimba of Sexual Minorities

18 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
news analysis
Uganda says the research is going to be studies. orientation is not genetic or biological,
misconceived because everyone is now In the largest genetic study of sexual and is therefore a lifestyle choice.
jumping to conclusions. orientation to date, scientists studied a “This is wrong,” study co-author Bren-
“This research focused on one side and group of about 470,000 volunteers in the dan Zietsch, a geneticist at the University
if you look at things, there is no specific United Kingdom and the United States of Queensland in Australia, told Live Sci-
gene for being straight either. People who who reported on whether they had ever ence. “We find that there are many, many
have always argued from this angle are engaged in same-sex sexual behavior. genes that predispose one to same-sex
the ones making conclusions but there is They relied on genetic data from the sexual behavior. Each of them individu-
no conclusive degree to all this,”Lusimba UK Biobank (a long-term health and ally has a very small effect, but together
says. genetics study running in the United they have a substantial effect.
The belief that there is a “gay gene” Kingdom) and 23andMe, as well as “Another possible misinterpretation
was born around 1993 when studies by responses to surveys asking questions is to think that if same-sex preference
American geneticist, author, and film- about sexual identity, attraction, fantasies is genetically influenced, it must there-
maker Dean Hamer and others indicated and behavior. fore be totally genetically determined,”
a link between the Xq28 marker and male “To give you a sense of the scale of the Zietsch added. “That is not true. Genet-
sexual orientation. data, this is approximately 100-times- ically identical individuals — twins —
The latest study says, however, there fold bigger than previous studies on this often have different sexual orientations.
is no individual gene alone that makes a topic,” study lead author Andrea Ganna, We know there are non-genetic influences
person gay, lesbian or bisexual; instead, a researcher at the Institute for Molecu- as well, but we don’t understand these
thousands of genes likely influence sexual lar Medicine in Finland, Massachusetts well, and our study does not say anything
orientation General Hospital and Harvard Medical about them.”
The study used what is called a School, told Live Science. The researchers However, some of the genetic variants
genome-wide association study (GWAS) could not find any one gene linked with identified in the massive study “could
on 408,995 individuals in the UK Biobank, same-sex sexual behavior. Five genetic hint at some biological pathways that
a British health resource, and 68,527 may be involved in same-sex sexual
American 23andMe users—all of whom behavior,” Ganna said. “So one variant,
remained anonymous and consented to for instance, was located in a stretch of
the study. DNA that houses several genes related to
A GWAS involves scanning a person’s The researchers the sense of smell. So, we know that smell
DNA for tiny variations in the genetic
code that correlate with a given trait. The suggested that has a strong tie to sexual attraction, but its
links to sexual behaviors are not clear.”
participants were divided on the basis of genes may play a In addition, genes seemed to have
whether they answered yes or no to the
question “Have you ever had sex with different role in greater influence on same-sex sexual
behavior in men than in women, Ganna
someone of the same sex?” same-sex behavior said.
Across human societies and in both The researchers suggested that genes
sexes, between 2% and 10% of people in males versus may play a different role in same-sex
report engaging in sex with a member females because of behavior in males versus females because
of the same sex, either exclusively or in of biological factors, such as levels of
addition to sex with a member of the biological factors, testosterone and estrogen. Other factors,
opposite sex, the researchers said. such as levels of such as gendered social norms regarding
The biological factors that contribute to the number of sexual partners females
sexual orientation are largely unknown, testosterone and should have, could make women less
but many scientists suspect that genetics estrogen comfortable accurately reporting their
plays a role, given that same-sex sexual sexual behavior. That, in turn, could skew
behavior appears to run in families and is the results.
seen more often in identical twins than in Despite the study’s large sample size,
fraternal twins. the findings are still limited because the
But a precise genetic basis for sexual researchers analysed only populations
orientation has been elusive, largely variants did appear significantly linked to with European ancestry from Western,
because scientists previously had relative- sexual orientation, and thousands more high-income countries. The data also
ly small groups of volunteers to investi- also seemed involved to a lesser extent. came primarily from older individuals,
gate. In the end, the scientists could not find who mostly lived under stricter social
“Because it is a controversial topic, any genetic patterns that could be used, norms and legislative regulations than
funding has historically been limited and in any way, to identify a person’s sexual today’s. It’s possible that younger people,
recruitment of participants was difficult,” orientation. Instead, the predisposition to who often grew up under a more per-
study co-author FahSathirapongsasuti, a same-sex sexual behavior appeared influ- missive society, might feel more free to
senior scientist and computational biolo- enced by a complex mix of genetic and engage in more same-sex sexual behavior
gist at the genetic testing company 23and- environmental influences. That’s also the than older individuals with similar genet-
Me, told Live Science. Same-sex orientation case for many other human traits, such as ic makeups. So the findings might not be
remains criminalised in more than 70 height. as applicable across the age spectrum, the
countries, some with the death penalty, “It’s effectively impossible to predict an authors noted.
often stifling those willing to disclose individual’s sexual behavior from their The scientists detailed their findings in
such personal information. genome,” study co-author Ben Neale, a the Aug. 30 issue of the journal Science.
The new study, however, included statistical geneticist at the Broad Institute They also created a website to communi-
a much larger number of participants, of MIT and Harvard, told Live Science. cate the results of their study.
making the results more statistically reli- However, the finding that there’s no
able than those of the previous, smaller single gay gene does not mean that sexual Source: livescience

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 19
news analysis

Why Museveni might


not sign new KCCA law
Stage set for battle with Lukwago
By Julius Businge & Julian Sabiiti done with our part. The legal team years. At the back of the chaos lies

K
of Parliament has to refine it before Museveni’s wish to wrestle control of
CCA officials and Kampala sending it to him [Museveni].” the city’s political leadership from the
district MPs are anxious about Asked whether she thought the opposition, represented by Lukwago.
whether President Yoweri President would buy the bill, Ababiku The Bill proposes the creation of an
Museveni will assent to the said: “Whether the President assents executive committee appointed by the
Kampala Capital City Authority to it or not, that is beyond my lord mayor from amongst councilors.
(Amendment) Bill, 2019 that parliament prerogative.” The committee would initiate key
has passed. The new Bill grants the lord mayor issues for legislation by councilors.
The anxiety is partly because of the responsibility of managing the It further gives the lord mayor the
the timing; the President has recently budget of the authority and somewhat authority to appoint his deputy and
thrown back a number of passed Bills reduces the Executive Director (ED) to two other supporting members to serve
to Parliament. offering technical assistance to the lord with him on a full-time basis.
The other reason is the law itself; it mayor. It also proposes a ‘State of the City’
appears to give the Lord Mayor, the The law being amended had address by the lord mayor to be held
opposition stalwart Erias Lukwago, weakened the elected lord mayor’s annually as an update to the public on
more powers – something the President office by creating a powerful office the state of affairs.
might not approve. of Executive Director and buffering Based on this, it is clear President
“It is a good bill,” Jesca Ababiku, it with a Minister for Kampala all Museveni will not like the reversal of
the Adjumani Woman MP who is appointed by the President. power.
also the Chairperson of the Committee By altering the powers of the Lord But the Bill has other changes that
on Presidential Affairs that drafted the Mayor, the ED, and the Minister, the could compensate for that loss and
Bill told The Independent on Sept.03. Bill aims to avoid turf conflicts that convince Museveni to assent to it on
She added: “As Parliament, we are have plagued KCCA for almost 10 the balance.
According to the MPs that supported
the bill, it is expected to bring order in
the city by creating working harmony
between the authority’s three wings –
political, technical, and executive.
Lukwago, the Lord Mayor enjoys
popular support from Kampala
voters. The Minister for Kampala,
who currently is Beti Kamya was
appointed by President Museveni.
The ED, who is currently Andrew
Kitaka, is a technical civil servant.
Kitaka is more laid back than his
predecessor, the all-powerful
break-and- build Jenifer Musisi,
but it remains clear that all three
offices lay claim to running the
city.

Targeting Lukwago
The Bill started as a means of
targeting and clipping the clout
of the current Lord Mayor, Erias
Lukwago. After failing on two
counts to kick him out in a universal
adult suffrage election and
in the courts of law, a
section of MPs from
Museveni’s ruling
National Resistance
Movement (NRM)
party devised a

20 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
news analysis

reform of the KCCA Act to get the ‘no status’ and that the management mayor does not chair KCCA council
mayor elected by division councilors hierarchy puts the ‘top position’ of meetings was deliberate.
from among themselves. Their Kampala as Lord Mayor. “How would the lord mayor check
calculation would base on the NRM Kamya clothes her claws in being himself as chair of council?” she asked.
having the most division councilors. soft spoken. She said she believes the Under the proposal, the KCCA
Another proposal aimed at getting Bill achieves its main objective; to Council will now be chaired by a
a law that clearly stipulates that the separate the office of the lord mayor speaker.
lord mayor is not the political head from the council. The Lord Mayor’s only hope of
of KCCA. There were also plans of She said contrary to Lukwago’s influencing legislation will be through
creating a Metropolitan Authority to assertions, the power of the minister the roundabout executive committee
handle some city operations. remains intact under Section 79 of the appointed by him.
Some observers argued some of Kampala Capital City Authority Act of Ababiku says this means the lord
these clauses would further rouse 2010. mayor and his executive committee
fights between the lord mayor, ED, and “The power is to veto decisions of will remain influential in legislation.
Minister for Kampala. the Lord Mayor and of the Council if This is possible as of now given that
After the passing of the Bill in they are in conflict with the aspirations there are more opposition councilors at
Parliament, observers had thought of the central government,” she said. City Hall than those hailing from the
it would usher in a good working Faced with the renewed turf fight, ruling NRM.
relationship between Lukwago and Ababiku [the Adjumani Woman MP] On the Kampala Minister portfolio,
Kamya. told The Independent in a separate Ababiku said that it is an important
But this may not be the case. interview that running a city is not position since the person in charge
Personal disagreements and egos about demonstrating authority or reports directly to Cabinet.
appear to be still at play. power; it is about promoting good “You do not want to see the local
In separate interviews moments policies to spur development. government minister stretching his arm
after the passing of the Bill, Lukwago “The Bill has just separated the to Kampala that has specific issues to
and Kamya expressed divergent executive and the council power,” manage,” she said.
interpretations of it. Ababiku said, “You cannot have The Bill comes at a time the city
“The ministry of Kampala, I must the president chairing Parliament authority appears to have gained
state categorically, is redundant and meetings; the lord mayor cannot be the capacity to do major development
should have been scrapped,” Lukwago same person to serve as the speaker. projects, collect revenue, and enforce
said. There are issues to do with conflict of ordinances. But problems of service
On whether the Bill benefits the interest.” delivery linger in the areas of health
people, Lukwago said, that if their She said the Bill did not target and sanitation, vending on the streets,
[people] will is not upheld, they will anyone and was drafted to provide operation of city markets, unplanned
take another decision on what to do opportunities for city management. construction of commercial buildings,
next. “We did not look at individuals, growing idle population, poor roads,
He said the office of Minister for we looked at the positions,” she said illegal taxi and bodaboda stages,
Kampala is not necessary and has and added that ensuring that the lord cases of theft and vandalism of city

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 21
NEWS ANALYSIS
infrastructure. Most of these are running even after she left,” he said. Powers of Lord Mayor, Minister and Executive
worsened by budgetary constraints Latif Ssebagala, the Kawempe director provided in the KCCA Act 2010
and political paralysis. The Bill is North Member of Parliament who
seen as a potential tool for solving has expressed interest for running Lord Mayor
these problems. for Kampala Mayor told The  To be the political head of the Capital City
Amin Tamale Kiggundu, an Independent that the Bill tries to  Preside over all meetings of the Authority
urban planning expert and head of give equal powers to all city wing  Perform ceremonial functions and civic func-
Architecture and Physical Planning managers. tions
department at Makerere University He said that the Bill provides an  Host foreign and local dignitaries
told The Independent that balancing opportunity for the Lord Mayor and  Head the authority in developing strategies
politics is part of the technical work Council Members to legislate and and programmes for the development of the
for KCCA. pass resolutions which would be capital city
He said that people’s participation carried and submitted to cabinet by  Monitor the administration of the capital city
in city activities is only possible the Kampala Minister to the Cabinet  Provide guidance to the division adminis-
through elected leaders. for consideration. trations
“You cannot separate politics from He also said removing the Note that; the lord mayor shall in the perfor-
city management,” he said, “It is lord mayor as speaker clears the mance of his or her functions be answerable to
very difficult to know where politics irregularity of having him/her with the authority and the minister.
starts and ends in our country.” double and conflicting roles.
What is necessary, Kiggundu said, Ssebagala also said having Executive director
is to have those in politics become speakers of council at division level  To be the head of the public service in the
mature, decent and follow the law empowers them to contribute to city authority and to head the administration of
in place while offering services to development. the authority including divisions and wards
the people. Ssebagala said that personal  To be the accounting officer of the authority
He said officials at City Hall quarrels in the city management  To be responsible for the management of all
must always consult the people of have to be avoided. public funds of the authority and account-
Kampala on what they want to see “Let everybody play their role; able to Parliament
their city look like and implement functions of each official are clear,”  To be responsible for coordination and
policies that promote social he told The Independent, “Conflicts implementation of national and council poli-
transformation. among them will delay service cies, laws, regulations, byelaws, programmes
Going forward, Kiggundu said delivery in Kampala.” and projects
that both the political and technical  To advise the mayor and authority on gov-
wing of KCCA must invest more Why Kampala matters ernment policy
time in understanding the changing Kampala is an important area  To present the annual budget to the authority
economic needs of the people on the map of Uganda. According  Advise the authority on technical, admin-
of Kampala given that space is to the 2014 National Population istrative and legal matters pertaining to the
shrinking in favour of those who and Housing Census, its day time management of the authority
have and not those who do not have. population was at four million while  Oversee the delivery of quality services to
its resident population was at 1.5 the population within the capital city and
Opportunities in pipeline million people. take remedial action where service delivery
Lukwago had a difficult time By 2050, its population is standards are below the expected minimum
dealing with Musisi but sources projected to hit 12 million, according standards
at City Hall say his working to a recent World Bank Report. The  To be the custodian of all the assets and
relationship with the acting ED city takes the largest percentage of records of the authority
(Kitaka) is more cordial. economic activities that happen in
When asked to comment on the country daily. Minister roles
whether disagreements between In 2018, a report published on  To vary or rescind any decision of the
the political and technical wing was March 20 by a global entity, Mercer authority which is in contravention of any
hindering city development, Peter ranked Kampala as the best city to law or government policy, with the approval
Kaujju, the spokesperson for KCCA live in East Africa. It was placed at of cabinet
said, KCCA is a technical body and position 172, 14 places ahead of its  To institute a commission of inquiry to
does not engage in any politics. neighbor Nairobi (186) and Kigali inquire into the matter he/she consider to be
He said the authority has a good was ranked the third best city to of a grave nature
working relationship with the live in, with a global position of  To receive and take appropriate action on
various stakeholders. 190 on the Mercer. Dar es Salaam, reports submitted by the mayor, executive
“We have periodical meetings and Tanzania’s commercial city was director or a commission of inquiry
we submit weekly reports to the ranked 199 out of 230 cities in the  To oversee the performance of the authority
Minister of Kampala. We also report world. and make an annual report to Parliament
to the authority meetings chaired by Another 2017 Ease of Settling  The Minister shall have general powers to
the Mayor,” he said. in Index report by ‘Expat Insider’, give directives on policy and general devel-
Meanwhile, Kaujju said that the a Munich-based human resource opment of the capital city and the authority
authority continues to build on consultancy firm, ranked Uganda shall comply with the directives.
the achievements recorded during the eighth best country in the  The Minister may veto decisions taken by
Jennifer Musisi’ time as ED. world for expatriates to settle in. the authority which appear to the minister
“Things are flowing smoothly,” This survey was carried out in 65 to be illegal and where the authority fails
Kaujju said, “A leader worth her countries. to perform any of its duties, the Minister
salt put in place systems which are may by writing, direct the authority to
carry out those duties.

22 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
NEWS ANALYSIS

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe speaks at a joint news conference Friday in Yokohama to
wrap up the Tokyo International Conference on African Development. | AFP-JIJI

Japan wants
sustainable Africa debt
TICAD closes with effort by Japan to differentiate
its African investment projects from China’s
By Agencies in check, although Tokyo has officially environmental friendliness, resilience against

A
denied that characterisation. natural disasters and social inclusiveness,
three-day conference on African Japanese diplomats claimed the African which observers say all may make Japan’s
development wrapped up on participants in the 7th edition of TICAD pricier “quality” infrastructure projects more
Aug.03 in Yokohama by adopting view Abe’s initiative, first revealed at the competitive than those promoted by China.
a 13-page joint declaration with 53 previous TICAD meeting in 2016, “favor- “A country that is deeply indebted is a
African countries touting Japan’s strategic ably.” country difficult for you to penetrate,” Abe
policy shift from government aid to promot- Thus, for the Japanese version of the joint told Japanese and African business leaders at
ing private-sector investment. declaration, Japanese officials translated the the Aug.29 plenary session in Yokohama.
But the policy papers and remarks by phrase “take good note of” as kōiteki ni ryūi Abe then revealed a plan to dispatch
Japanese officials suggested Tokyo was suru, which roughly means “favorably take experts to 30 African countries to train local
pursuing an unofficial agenda at the Seventh note of.” officials in charge of sovereign debt and risk
Tokyo International Conference on African Japan’s efforts to differentiate itself from management.
Development (TICAD7): how to differentiate China started long before TICAD 7, which It may be rather ironic that Japan, which is
Japan’s economic cooperation from that of drew 42 African heads of state, presidents, neck-deep in snowballing government debt,
China, which has long surpassed Japan as a vice presidents and prime ministers. has decided to teach African officials how
massive business investor in the continent’s To compete with Beijing on international to manage the same. But a Japanese official
rapidly growing economies. infrastructure projects, Tokyo has careful- claimed that some African countries want
The Yokohama Declaration drafted by ly prepared and promoted the concept of Japan to serve as “a counter-balance” against
Japan called for “quality infrastructure “quality infrastructure.” China and to dispatch such fiscal experts
investment,” which experts say is a veiled At the G20 summit in Osaka in June, to them. At the same time, some Japanese
criticism of Beijing infrastructure projects Tokyo drafted a document calling for “qual- officials admitted that Tokyo can no longer
that often come with high-interest loans and ity infrastructure investment” and attached compete with China in terms of the amount
are criticized as “debt-trap diplomacy.” it to the Osaka joint declaration that was of funds funneled into the continent, which
It also said the African leaders “take good endorsed by the G20 leaders. is why they have started emphasising the
note of” Prime Minster Shinzo Abe’s Free The paper urges the G20 countries, includ- “quality” of its economic projects.
and Open Indo-Pacific initiative, which calls ing China, to attach importance to the fiscal More than 3,700 Chinese firms are report-
for freedom of navigation and rules-based sustainability of a recipient country when edly doing business in Africa and about 1
order in the sea. extending loans for infrastructure projects. million Chinese are living there, while Japa-
The initiative is widely seen as part of The Osaka declaration also urges member nese firms have offices at just 800 locations.
Abe’s efforts to keep growing Chinese clout countries to pay attention to transparency, About 8,000 Japanese live in Africa.

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 23
NEWS ANALYSIS

Accelerating Africa’s
transformation
Japan, S.A and AFDB unveil priorities in technology at TICAD 7

By Agencies sa, Akinwumi Adesina, president of the Afri- training in ICT. I am delighted that all the

S
can Development Bank Group, Koji Omi, students that have graduated from the uni-
cience, technology and innovation as founder and chairman of the STS forum, and versity have 100% employment, including
well as human resource development Asako Omi, member of Japan’s House of setting up their businesses,” Adesina said in
are critical in Africa, a continent, Representatives. his keynote remarks.
which has the biggest potential on South Africa endorsed the focus on The Bank has supported the establishment
earth, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said at the science, technology, and innovation as a of ICT digital parks in Senegal and Cape
Science and Technology in Society (STS) fo- priority theme for TICAD 7, given its great Verde and is working with the Rockefeller
rum held on Aug.29 in Yokohama, as part of potential to accelerate African development Foundation, Microsoft, Facebook, LinkedIn
Seventh Tokyo International Conference on through mutually beneficial partnerships and Safaricom to establish coding centers in
African Development (TICAD 7). with Japan, President Ramaphosa told par- several countries.
The Science and Technology in Society ticipants. Adesina offered some key areas to priori-
forum (STS forum) is one of the largest and “The STS forum has successfully changed tise in science and technology, including the
most influential nonprofit organisations global discourse on the role of science in establishment of regional centers of excel-
established in 2004 by Koji Omi, a former development, we seek the forum’s support lence; the urgent need to increase the share
Japanese Minister of Finance. The Forum in changing the discourse on the role of Afri- of GDP devoted to science and technology
aims at strengthening cooperation between ca in science and innovation,” Ramaphosa and close the gender gap in higher educa-
Japan and Africa in science, technology, and concluded. tion.
innovation. Adesina shared insights on the Bank’s “Let’s be visionary. Let’s be bold. Let’s
In his address, Prime Minister Abe also work and support to train and develop the support concrete initiatives to boost sci-
noted the important role that science and next generation of scientists. Since 2005 the ence, technology, and innovation in Afri-
technology played in the history of Japan’s Bank has provided financing of over $2 bil- ca,” he concluded.
modernisation. lion to support education, resulting in educa- Ministers for Science and Technology,
The STS forum has successfully changed tional opportunities for 6 million students. Ambassadors, executives of international
global discourse on the role of science in “We are proud of our investment in sup- and national Agencies and business in
development. porting the establishment of the Regional Africa and Japan attended the Forum.
In attendance were Yasutoshi Nishimura, Center of Excellence in Kigali in conjunction TICAD 7 rans from 28-30 August in Yoko-
Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary, President of with the Carnegie Mellon University, which hama, Japan.
the Republic of South Africa Cyril Ramapho- is providing world-class Masters degree

24 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
Rent in Kampala’s city
centre remain stable
Future real estate developments hinge
on the newly passed Landlord-Tenant Bill

R
By Isaac Khisa advantage of a soft office market at present due to the addition of approximately 20, 000
to drive harder bargains for lower rentals, square metres of lettable space based on the
ent for office space in prime particularly for less prime properties,” said average absorption rate of approximately
locations in Kampala City has Knight Frank Uganda Managing Director, 11,000 metres square in the past six months.
remained stable for the past six Judy Rugasira. “However, we expect net rents and yields
months. She said other key drivers of office take- to remain stable at an average of $15.5 per
Property agency firm, up include good location and accessibility, square metres and 9.5% respectively. Core
Knight Frank has attributed ample parking, space configuration and drivers will continue to gravitate towards the
this to the increasing number of tenants functionality, professional property manage- location and building amenities,” says the
seeking rental properties out of the Central ment services as well as the quality of ser- report, adding that there is a likely increase
Business District (CBD). vices and facilities at the properties for rent. in demand for co-working space to pick up
The firm said in its latest report that rent Knight Frank recorded a 1% increase in given the increase in enquiries recorded for
has remained at $14.5 per square metre in occupancy rates for Grade A properties from serviced-offices during the past six months
some properties over the same period under 92% registered in the first half of 2018 to 93% predominantly from small-medium start-up
review. in the same period of 2019. firms.
However, rental rates in the sub-urban Similarly, Knight Frank projects a 2%
developments in the city have recorded an reduction in residential rents for apartments
increase of 4.6% from $21.81 to $ 22.86 per for 3 bed room units as supply continues
square metre as tenants flee the city centre. to outstrip demand in the prime residential
“This relates to secondary space in malls suburbs.
achieving slightly higher rentals as con- However, the increase in inquires for
sumers continue to transition away from modern standalone houses registered in the
CBD shopping into sub-urban malls, as first half of this year is expected to push up
retailers seek to leverage on this trend by demand for the limited stock of these exist-
opening stores in the malls, therefore creat- ing houses.
ing demand for space and increasing rental “This, in turn, is expected to positive-
rates,” the report reads in part. ly impact house prices in the range of
Similarly, rent for a 3-bedroom apartment re- 5%-10%,” the report notes.
corded a 5% drop to $2,750 in the first half of Going forward, Knight Frank anticipates
this year as supply outstripped demand. that the future investment in the real estate
But the addition of approximately 18,000 development and leasing hinge on the reper-
The report says demand for modern square metres of Grade A lettable space cussions of the Landlord-Tenant bill if signed
stand-alone houses in the prime residential during the first half of the year is expected to into law in its current state.
suburbs such as Nakasero, Naguru, Kololo, have a negative impact on occupancy rates “As a result, Knight Frank forecasts a
Bugolobi and Mbuya also increased during for Grade A space in the second half of 2019 reduction in the intensity of leasing activity
the same period under review. if existing supply does not meet demand, the and pipeline development completions in
However, 2- bedroom apartments record- report says. the entire real estate sector as the bill in its
ed a 7% increase in rent to US$2,250 as The property management firm said current form, which bans rental income
demand outstripped supply for singles and approximately 11,000 metres square of streams in US dollars will negatively impact
double –bed room units. office space was leased in the first half of investors, landlords, and developers with
Knight Frank report said overall Kampala this year, with legal services, logistics, tour foreign currency debt,” states the report.
office market registered a 2% growth in & travel and insurance firms accounting for The report notes that the country’s real
occupancy compared with the same period 20%, 20%, 12% and 12% of the space leased, estate industry as cited by Bank of Uganda
in 2018 as a result of a 3% increase in occu- respectively. had an equivalent of approx. Shs 1.3 trillion
pancy rates for Grade B+ buildings from 78% of debt in US dollars as of April 2019 that
to 81%. Occupancy rate to reduce investors, landlords, and developers could
“The increase in occupancy of Grade B+ Knight Frank projects a 3%-5% reduction struggle to repay if they are unable to gener-
properties is on account of tenants taking in occupancy rates for Grade A office space ate foreign currency incomes.

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 25
business

Logistics firms tap


into oil opportunities
The firms are investing in staff,
information technology and standards
By Julius Businge have so far been trained since 2008 when

A
the programme started, according to
s Uganda slowly moves Kutyabami. The training programme
towards commercial oil takes a maximum of one year.
production, companies in the EACFFPC is a joint training program
freight and logistics sector are of the East Africa Revenue Authorities
preparing their staff, investing heavily and the national freight forwarding
in information technology as well as associations affiliated to the Federation
standards to tap into the multi-billion of East African Freight Forwarders
sector. Associations (FEAFFA).
“Oil and gas is a big thing; it is going “The good thing is that the big and
to be big business; for us we are ready medium sized players in the freight
and prepared,” Humphrey Asiimwe, and logistics are all embracing the
the general manager at Multilines programme,” Kutyabami said, “We are
International Limited, a logistics preparing for all sectors that require
company told The Independent in an logistics services including oil and gas.”
interview. He said so far the programme has
Asiimwe said they have invested reduced errors and mistakes by 90%
heavily in training staff on matters that were being made in the process of
clearing and forwarding to be able to conducting industry transactions.
serve in the sector and in the oil and gas. These revelations, among others, came
The company is also embracing out during the second annual logistics
partnerships by belonging in groups like expo and conference in Kampala that
Uganda Freight Forwarders Association. attracted close to 500 participants. It
They have attained trade facilitation happened from August 21-22.
status – the Authorised Economic It was held under the theme ‘innovative
Operator (AEO) – from the URA to and sustainable solutions for freight
facilitate faster clearing of goods. logistics’.
They have also built strong information Elly Karuhanga, a founding partner
technology systems to monitor goods in of Kampala Associated Advocates
transit to avoid any likely losses involved and chairman of Uganda Chamber of
in the trade. They have also continued Mines and Petroleum said over 50%
to maintain international standards by of the money that will be pumped in
acquiring ISO certifications. the oil and gas will be earned by F&L
Asiimwe is not alone. John Kutyabami, companies. Karuhanga previously
the head of the East Africa Customs and served as President of Oil Company,
Freight Forwarding Practicing Certificate Tullow Uganda.
(EACFFPC) told The Independent that they Approximately $20bn is expected to be
are preparing sector workers for oil and invested in the oil and gas sector ahead
gas business through training and skills of production at around 2022-2023.
development. Uganda has crude oil reserves of 6.5
The programme (EACFFPC) is billion barrels, according to government
designed to equip trainees with skills data.
and knowledge to enable them go “There is good business for you in the
about their roles as customs agents. It next 30 years,” Karuhanga said, adding
introduces trainees to the profession and that early preparation is key owed to
covers the basics of freight forwarding. the fact that the oil and gas sector will
It also covers the management aspect require over 2, 500 trucks and 2, 000
on issues of communication, planning, professional drivers to move goods and
time management, ethics and integrity as people.
essentials in sound business management. More opportunities will be in the
A total of 5000 clearing and forwarding supply chain management, freight,
staff from different logistics companies forwarding and customs clearing,

26 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
business
warehousing, transport and lifting collected via this scheme. The target is to one avenue to accelerate debate geared
services and more. reach 75% in the few years to come. towards improving skills development,
However, Karuhanga revealed that Moses Sabiiti, the country director knowledge sharing, technology transfer
for companies to benefit from the sector, for TradeMark East Africa in Uganda and innovations for sector players to be
they will have to comply with global and South Sudan said the government able to serve the growing markets in the
standards regarding environment, health and private sector need to do more to region, Africa and the world in general
and safety. support F&L sector. “We intend to align our views on
He said Uganda has a low ranking on whatever is happening in the East
Build capacity the Logistics Performance Index (LPI) African Community and beyond so that
Karuhanga said that as companies and received a score of 25.4 out of 100 we can position freight logistics better,
prepare to benefit from the oil and gas overall for logistics risk, placing it 38th to meet the dynamic demands of these
sector, they must get ready to comply out of 48 countries in the Sub-Saharan projects and opportunities,” Kiddedde
with local content laws, do enterprise Africa (SSA) region. said.
development, use locally produced goods “Reduced vigour for regional “The readiness will only be achieved
and services, transfer of knowledge and integration is indicative of the need through joint efforts of both private and
technology, work on partnerships with for the private sector to play a more the public sectors. We must face the fact
international freight and logistics firms. proactive role in building consensus, that even with such an arrangement,
“Guys, you have to be ready as the final sustaining political buy-in and economic patriotism remains critical for
investment decision comes…its delay strengthening commitment to resolving every nation,” he added.
was a blessing in disguise,” Karuhanga trade and investment issues in the East
said. “If FID happens tomorrow, Uganda African Community,” Sabiiti said. Government’s view
will benefit more than it would have He added: “Without sustained private Monica Ntege Azuba, the minister
[benefited] yesterday,” he said. sector pressure and expanded advocacy of works and transport said the
He also told them to use services of frameworks, the focus on integration government together with development
professional firms – audit firms, law partners has put in place One Stop
firms, and insurance companies if they Border Posts (OSBPs) to lower the cost
are to attract good deals from sector of clearing goods at border points of
players. Malaba, Busia, Mutukula, Mirama Hills
“Do not sign any agreement without a The programme and others are under construction.
lawyer…or a professional person in any
other field,” he said.
(EACFFPC) is She said the government is
rehabilitating the country’s old railway
designed to line and that funding negotiations for
Enter other players
Meanwhile, other speakers were equip trainees the planned regional Standard Gauge
Railway (SGR) are nearing completion.
equally inspiring and exposing with skills and The other projects are the expansion
opportunities for freight and logistics
players at the conference. knowledge of Entebbe International Airport to deal
with the growing cargo and passenger
Dicksons Kateshumbwa, the to enable traffic, she said.
commissioner for customs and current
chairperson of the World Customs them go about Azuba also said that a new airport at
Kabale in Hoima is being constructed
Organisation said that F&L is very critical their roles to support oil and gas sector and that
to people’s lives.
“…everything we have here is as customs the government has revived Uganda
Airlines to further support growth of air
transported from somewhere to agents transport.
somewhere,” he said. In 2018 alone, he
said URA recorded and cleared 76, 400 Facts and figures about F&L in
containers for both imports and exports. Uganda
This represented a 15% increase from the
previous year.  The sector comprises of trade and
He said that out of this total, 39% and socio-economic development will transport infrastructure (roads,
originated from China, 16% in India remain in the balance.” railways, inland and marine port
and 6% in United Arab Emirates. That is TMEA has invested heavily in OSBP facilities, storage and warehouse and
money for F&L players. and Sabiiti promised that more trade bonded facility operators; customs
However, he also stated that sector facilitation support is coming to partly and other border agencies; financial
players and government need to support support the L&F sector. services and ICT service providers
export promotion activities as most “Logistics represent a key factor in and infrastructure; and government.
containers return to exporting countries improving Uganda’s competitiveness,  According to the World Bank, as
half full or empty. He also said the and is one of the most promising of 2016, imports of transport and
country registered a 10% growth in air breakout points,” he said. logistics services make up 55% of
traffic. In respect of economic growth, he Uganda’s total service imports while
He urged players to invest heavily added, logistic activities directly serve Uganda’s transport and logistics
in digitisation and new technologies to the goal of making the economy dynamic exports are only 3.7% of Uganda’s
serve their clients faster as it is the case primarily by increasing investments, total services exports.
with URA. net exports and equalising the regional  About 208,000 people are employed in
He said URA’s investment in imbalances in consumption. the sector in Uganda and the number
technology specifically the Single Hussein Kiddedde, the chairperson of could rise to 522,000 by 2030.
Customs Territory is yielding results, Uganda Freight Forwarders Association
with 52% of customs revenue now (UFFA) said the F&L conference was

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 27
business

Umeme records Shs61.2bn profit


Overall performance was hindered by a jump in tax expenses
By Isaac Khisa review leading to the total connection base tiatives through provision of adequate oper-

A
of 1.4million. ational resources and approval of urgently
nearly double growth in income tax “The roll out of prepaid metering stands required capital,” the company said.
expense bullied Uganda’s electric- at 82% of the domestic customers, contribut- The revenue collection decreased from
ity distributor, Umeme, to record ing 26% of revenues from electricity sales,” 102% for the first half of 2018 to 98.7% for the
a merely 0.3% growth in net profit the company’s Board of Directors said. first half of this year.
to Shs 61.2bn for the past six months ending Umeme started rolling out prepaid meter- On the other hand, its total assets
June.30. ing system in 2013 to increase efficiency in increased from Shs2.46trillion to Shs 2.56tril-
The company’s tax expense to the Ugan- revenue collection and reduce operational lion. Shareholders equity too increased from
da Revenue Authority increased from costs. Shs722bn to Shs779bn during the same peri-
Shs26.2bn to Shs51.8bn during the same However, energy losses increased from od under review.
period under review. 16.7% to 16.9%, with the company saying
Total revenue increased by 10.1% to that continued reduction in energy losses Debts and investments
Shs816bn, driven by a 7% increase in elec- requires enhanced operational resources, The listed firm also repaid Shs64bn as part
tricity consumption. Gross profit increased strengthening of the legal frameworks of its long term debt, bringing its net debt
by 11.1% to Shs296bn on the account of against power theft to reduce commercial as at June.30 to Shs469bn compared with
increased electricity sales. losses, and continuous capital investments in Shs536bn at June.30, 2018.
Electricity sales recorded a 7% growth to the distribution network to address inherent With regard to future financing, the com-
1,563GWh compared with the same period technical losses. pany said, it is in advanced discussions with
last year owed to increased industrial and “We are engaging ERA to continue sup- its lenders to secure funds to support its
grid connections. porting our loss reduction strategy and ini- medium term capital expenditure. However
Electricity sales to industrial customers – securing this financial facility will depend
who account for 68% of the total electricity on how fast the government and the com-
demand annually – increased by 10% to Summary of results pany go about the process of renewing its
1,057GWh. Total revenue grew 10.1% to Shs [Umeme’s] concession which expires in 2025.
As a result, the power distributor has not “If approved, the extension will enable
815.7bn
recommended half year interim dividends Umeme to mobilise and deploy the long
for the shareholders. term capital that is necessary to expand the
Meanwhile, the company continued to Energy sales grew 7% to 1,563 GWh distribution grid, to increase uptake of new
implement the government’s Electricity Con- generation capacity and to ensure safe and
nections Policy that took effect on November Cash generated Shs 106.6bn during reliable supply to our customers,” company
2018, with the total grid connections increas- operations officials said. They added that shareholders
ing by approx. 7.2% over the last six months. and the public will be notified at an appro-
Slightly more than 93,580 new connec- Net profit grew 0.3% to Shs61.2bn priate time soon.
tions were recorded during the period under

28 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
Executive Style

Liberty Life leads in risk mitigation


What has been your contri- some covers that deal with
bution to Uganda’s econo- agriculture. This too will
Joseph

W
my since 2006? increase penetration.
e pay roughly Almeida is
over a billion the managing Some players still have
shillings a year director for reservations regarding
as tax to Ugan- Liberty Life separation of life and
da Revenue Authority. We Assurance general insurance. What is
have a staff contingent of Uganda your take?
60 people. We underwrite Limited. He It was a good move by
premiums totaling to about the regulator, and it is what
Shs35bn a year. Liberty
spoke to The is happening worldwide.
stands for delivering finan- Independent’s Each arm of insurance in
cial freedom to individuals Julius the short and long term has
and companies which is at Businge its own capital requirement
the epitome of what we are about their for the type of risks that are
trying to do. We are seen as business and being held. Putting them
a big corporate risk under- sector issues together and holding them
taker on both life and health. under one risk capital is
We are the biggest payer dangerous.
of life insurance claims in
Uganda. We also try to make ing. This is being experienced in We do not have adequate How is your company benefit-
sure that people are compensat- Kenya. incentives of certain products ing from government’s appetite
ed whenever they suffer a loss. and the tax regime is not entirely for investing in high profile
Wouldn’t that distort the mar- helpful in organising us to be development projects?
How does your new pro- ket? able to sell effectively. In many With increased infrastructure
gramme dubbed “Mind My It can help the market to markets, governments put tax development like roads we
Money financial literacy pro- grow. With mergers you get incentives for companies to realise that it is now easier for
gramme” feed into your busi- bigger. When you have bigger sell certain types of products people to transport produce
ness strategy? capital you can take on bigger because not only does govern- from farms or producing cen-
This looks at issues like debt risks as opposed to when you ment benefit from increased tres to markets. That is making
and credit facility management, are smaller. volumes of savings in terms of traders think that there are risks
risk protection, salary deduc- indirect taxes but does when involved in their trade which
tions and more. We are trying to Where do you stand in terms of companies grow and create jobs require insurance covers for
educate people on being finan- capital as Liberty? and other opportunities. staff, vehicles and other parties
cially sound and safe. Mind My The regulator did our assess- involved. Away from that,
Money programme is encom- ment and showed that we are But insurance penetration we have built capacity and are
passing our pillar of b\ringing playing within the risk param- remains a big headache in ready to work with the govern-
financial freedom to individuals. eters of adequate capital. This is Uganda? ment to implement the planned
We connect to our clients and because we have been running That is why our ‘Mind My National Health Insurance
non-clients online and discuss on risk based capital internally Money’ initiative is such an Scheme.
with them about financial mat- for many years being a multi-na- important thing. We are now
ters. This programme fits in our tional. taking this to a different level As a manager, how do you de-
strategy of bringing financial by educating people on fi- termine success for your staff?
freedom. Why should one go for your nancial solutions so they take Practical value added proposi-
products and not for any other appropriate actions to protect tion for customers is what I look
Some experts in this area say player? themselves. One of the ave- out for in my staff. Whenever
that the insurance market of People trust our brand. From nues for them to achieve that is they do not demonstrate that I
Uganda is saturated…how are the past experience, people have buying insurance. That should demonstrate it to them.
you able to grow amidst tight realised that we pay claims. We increase penetration.
competition? do not have any complaints with What picture do you have in
With the advent of risk based the regulator on this. We also How is the Uganda Agricultural mind in about Liberty in the
supervision, most companies believe in not mis-selling. We Insurance Scheme helping to next five years?
may be forced to actually merge train our financial advisors to cure the penetration headache? I want it to be a household
because there will be some addi- explain well our products to our This is helping in arranging name in Uganda. With ‘Mind
tional capital required. Mergers clients before they sign them on. adequate insurance cover for My Money’ programme, I want
could come because some small agriculture. The government is people to know that they are
companies may not be able to Apart from mis-selling, as a subsidising this segment and safe and that Liberty has them
afford capital based on the type player, what other challenges bringing down costs. As Lib- covered in terms of financial
of business they underwrite and have you noted that the insur- erty we do participate jointly freedom.
the type of risks they are cover- ance market in Uganda face? with other insurance players in

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 29
business
BANKING TELECOM

Stanchart recognized as digital bank Airtel crosses 100

O
n Aug.28 Standard dard Chartered Bank markets submitted by financial services million subscribers

A
Chartered Bank Ugan- across Africa being awarded providers, as well as indepen-
da said it had been this prestigious title including dent research, to evaluate a irtel Africa, a
named the ‘Best Con- Botswana, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, series of objective and subjective telecommunications
sumer Digital Bank’ in Uganda Nigeria, Tanzania, Kenya and factors. Moses Rutahigwa the service provider
in 2019 by Global Finance. The Zambia. The winners for the Head, Retail Banking at Stan- with operations
announcement of the winners Best Bank Awards are selected dard Chartered Bank Uganda in 14 countries across
for the 2019 World’s Best Con- with input from industry ana- said they were delighted with Africa announced on
sumer Digital Banking Africa lysts, corporate executives and this industry recognition and Aug.28 that it had crossed
was recently made by Global technology experts. The Global were heavily investing in digital the 100 million customers
Finance, with seven other Stan- Finance editors also use entries systems of the bank. mark across its operations.
This puts the firm in one
BANKING of the top positions of
operators in Africa with the
Stanbic commits to UNDP programme largest number of active

S
subscribers. Raghunath
tanbic Bank Uganda Stanbic’s Chief Executive, Mandava, the Airtel Africa’s
has signed up to the Patrick Mweheire, said they CEO, said this achievement
United Nations Devel- have already moved an extra is testament to the hard
opment Programme mile in line with this new work of their employees
Gender Equality Seal Certifi- programme through fair and and a clear reflection that
cation Programme for Public unbiased hiring practices, customers value their
and Private Enterprises. The developing and implement- network, service offerings
programme aims to ensure ing enabling workplace and customer experience.
those part of it work towards der-appropriate products and polices, and ensuring that “The positive momentum
reducing gender gaps and pro- services and increasing customer women have access to appropri- we have seen in customer
mote equality at the work place satisfaction. The bank will ben- ate development and leadership acquisition, further
and women’s economic em- efit from this move by network- opportunities. One such way underpins our medium-term
powerment, the bank’s officials ing with global companies that is through the ‘Ignite Women aspirations for revenue and
said on Aug.27. The programme have previously reaped benefits Leadership programme’. profit growth,” he said.
triggers innovations of gen- of enrolling for the programme.

CSR CSR

UBL in blood donation drive Barclays sinks Shs365million in University students

F B
rom September 2-7, Uganda Brewer-
ies Limited partnered with Uganda arclays Bank Ugan-
Blood Transfusion Services to run a da, a subsidiary of
six-day blood donation drive aimed Absa Group Lim-
at collecting 600 units of blood to boost the ited has awarded
National Blood Bank. The drive took place 25 academically but finan-
at six locations – Nakawa market, Uganda cially challenged university
Breweries Port bell, Kitintale market, Ham students with scholarships
Towers, Constitutional Square and Luzira worth Shs365million under
market. The company committed Shs5mil- its scholarship programme.
lion towards provision of logistical supplies The sponsorship covers
for this cause. “Our purpose is to celebrate all university costs for all
life everyday everywhere. This drive the years the beneficiaries
allows us to give someone out there a will be spending at their
chance to celebrate yet another day,” said respective universities doing
Catherine Khabure, the company’s hu- different courses.
man resources director. Speaking at the schol- Bazeyo (L) and Mahmood (R) standing with one of the beneficiaries
arship award event held
at Makerere University on there is no short cut.” He the Makerere University
Aug.28, the bank’s Manag- urged them to uphold indi- Vice Chancellor in charge
ing Director. Nazim Mah- vidual values of trust, truth of academics urged banks
mood. said the programme telling and honesty. Last through their umbrella body
is part of the group’s busi- year, the bank supported 44 Uganda Bankers Associa-
ness strategy for sharing students in various univer- tion to come up with more
growth opportunities with sities around the country. supporting programmes for
people in the markets where “The whole idea is about to the many needy but bright
UBL’s Catherine Khabure (Right) and UBTS they operate. He told the impact lives of people,” he students yarning to join uni-
officials during the launch of the campaign beneficiaries: “Work smart, said. Prof. William Bazeyo, versity education.

30 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
business

Japan Desk to be opened


at ATI’s Nairobi office
By Isaac Khisa lishing the cooperation frame-

J
work between NEXI and ATI
apanese companies is one of the most fruitful
and investors in Africa TICAD7 outcomes.
will now be in position “We are very pleased to
to secure risk mitiga- announce that “Japan Desk”
tion services faster with the will be set up in ATI, a rep-
planned set up of a Japan utable multilateral financial
Desk at the African Trade institution which has a great
Insurance agency in Nairobi. track record to support Afri-
This follows signing of can projects so that Japanese
a MoU between ATI and companies can obtain easy
Japan’s three largest banks access to the reliable risk mit-
Kiira Motors Corporation CEO, Paul Isaac Musasizi, inspects the and Nippon Export and igation solution provided by
ongoing construction of Kiira Vehicle Factory plant in Jinja. The plant Investment Insurance (NEXI) ATI,” he said.
expects to have an initial installation capacity of 5000 vehicles per on the side-lines on the This development comes as
annum.   INDEPENDENT/ ALFRED OCHWO recently concluded Tokyo Japan views Africa as a strate-
International Conference gic investment destination that
of Africa’s Development will also provide an opportuni-
(TICAD7). ATI has a current ty for Japanese companies and
pipeline of over US$1 bn investors to more effectively
worth of transactions from capitalize on the current oppor-
Japanese banks. tunities in the fastest growing
John Lentaigne, the acting continent in the world.
CEO at ATI said they are ATI has provided insurance
excited about the prospect of to protect some of Japan’s
providing greater levels of largest lenders against the risk
risk mitigation to Japanese of sovereign default on trans-
companies and financiers, key actions that have collectively
to unlocking even more Japa- brought close to US$1bn to
nese investments into Africa. the continent over the last
Atsuo Kuroda, the chairman three years.
and CEO, (NEXI said estab-

Michael Wanyama, the Executive Director at the Higher Education


Student Financing Board releases the sixth round of the students’ loan
beneficiaries for the Academic Year 2019/2020 at the Board’s head office
in Kampala on Sept. 03.   INDEPENDENT/ ALFRED OCHWO

Weekly share price movement (August. 08)


Security August. 08 July.29 Movement
BATU 30,000 30000 00
BOBU 128 128 00
CENT 1,157 1,165 0.6
QCL 130 149 0.6
DFCU 650 650 00
EABL 7,243 7,143 1.4
EBL 1,446 1,446 00
JHL 13,261 13,183 0.6
KA 105 152 30.9
KCB 1,411 1,421 0.7
NIC 12 12 00
NMG 1,609 1,681 4.2
State Minister for Gender and Culture Affairs, Peace Regis Mutuuzo unveils the NVL 329 329 00
East African Community Arts and Culture Festival (JAMAFEST) to be held in Dar es SBU 29 29 00
Salaam, Tanzania, starting Sept. 21-28. Approximately 250 Ugandan exhibitors UCHM 12 12 00
are expected to showcase their products.  INDEPENDENT/ ALFRED OCHWO UCL 14 14 00
UMEME 297 299 0.6
ALSI -- -- --

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 31
Fake pneumonia drug on sale
WHO warns of falsified Augmentin

T
By Independent Reporter According to a report in the
Business Standard newspaper
he World Health of India, the Delhi High Court
Organisation in June restrained a pharma
(WHO) has warned company called Anglo-French
that fake versions Drugs and Industries Ltd
of the antibiotic (AFDIL) from advertising or
Augmentin have marketing a drug which is
been discovered in Uganda and deceptively similar to Glaxo
Kenya. Group’s Augmentin.
The genuine drug is sold The court asked AFDIL not
by GlaxoSmithKline but the to use or deal in any goods
packaging of the falsified drugs with the same trade dress or
says it is manufactured by packaging which is deceptively
SmithKline Beecham Ltd. The similar to Glaxo’s packaging or
manufacture date is August 2016 any other deceptively variant.
and expiry date is August 2019. The WHO said the falsified
The batch number 786627 and is drug found in Uganda and
in 14-count packs purporting to Kenya is very similar in pack-
contain 625mg tablets. aging to the genuine drug sold
But WHO says it does not by GlaxoSmithKline.
contain the active ingredient In India, AFDIL had sought
found in amoxicillin trihydrate to sell a similar drug adver-
and potassium clavulanate tised and marketed under
which is the base for the genuine the business mark ‘Anglom-
Augmentin manufactured by entin’ / ‘Anglomentin Duo’.
GlaxoSmithKline. GlaxoSmithKline sells its med-
Augmentin is an important icine trademarked as ‘Augmen-
drug because WHO has it on its tin’ / ‘Augmentin Duo’.
list of essential medicines. It is a Glaxo, in its suit, also sought
commonly-used treatment for to restrain AFDIL from selling
bacterial infections. Last year, or dealing with products and
the WHO issued a similar alert services in packaging which is
after finding falsified versions of deceptively similar to its green
the drug in Cameroon. and white product packaging,
WHO says it was informed trade dress and colour combina-
by the Uganda National Drug tion thus, amounting to passing
Authority that falsified Augmen- urged the public to be vigilant clavulanic acid. This combina- off the products as those of
tin had been discovered through when buying medicines and tion makes Augmentin work Glaxo.
routine post marketing surveil- report suspicious cases to against more types of bacteria It said it got to know about
lance on the quality of medical NDA. than antibiotics that contain the defendant’s products in
products in the market. Sample Meanwhile, the Kenya amoxicillin alone. June 2019 and the drugs of both
testing revealed none of the Pharmacy and Poisons Board It is effective for treating Glaxo and AFDIL were being
expected active ingredients. confirmed that the same batch pneumonia, ear infections, used for same diseases and have
The National Drug Authority of falsified Augmentin had pre- sinus infections, skin infec- same active ingredients.
on July 25 showed journalists in viously been found at patient tions, and urinary tract The court noted that the
Kampala several substandard level in Kenya. infections. It comes in three trademark being used by AFDIL
and counterfeit drugs that are Augmentin (Amoxicillin/ forms, all of which are taken is deceptively similar to that
being circulated in the market, clavulanate potassium) is a by mouth: immediate-release of Glaxo. It noted that Glaxo
including Augmentin. The other prescription antibiotic used to tablet, extended-release tablet, adopted the trademark Aug-
were Postinor 2 (Levonogestre) treat infections caused by bac- and liquid suspension. mentin in 1967 whereas AFDIL
and Quinine Bisulphate. teria. It belongs to the penicillin Augmentin is available in a started using the trademark in or
Nasser Lubowa, the NDA class of antibiotics and contains generic form as Amoxicillin/ around in 2019.
head of post-market surveillance two drugs: amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium.

32 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
HEALTH

Does HPV vaccination


cause infertility?
Study looking at 200,000 young women finds no correlation
By Agencies fertility in both men and

H
women. Particularly in
uman men, HPV negatively affects
papillomavirus various sperm parameters,
(HPV) is the most including motility. The
common sexually virus can also increase
transmitted infection (STI). trophoblastic cell death and
There are more than 100 decrease the implantation
Human papillomavirus of trophoblastic cells in the
(HPV) types that are uterus. These factors can
transmitted sexually or via potentially increase the risk
any skin-to-skin contact in of miscarriage, premature
the genital area. membrane rupture, or
Low-risk HPVs mainly spontaneous premature
cause wart formation on the delivery.
genitals, anus, mouth, and In women undergoing
throat, whereas high-risk intrauterine insemination,
HPVs, especially HPV 16 infection with HPV is
and HPV 18, are associated associated with a lower
with HPV-related cancers. 8 million American women three reports of primary pregnancy rate. In these
These viruses mainly affect reported a correlation ovarian insufficiency out circumstances it can be
the squamous cells that form between women who had of 29 million doses of the considered that a vaccine
the inner surface of various not had the vaccine and Gardasil 9 HPV vaccine designed to prevent HPV
genital organs, causing pregnancy. distributed in the United infection should improve
a variety of HPV-related At least 60% of women states between December someone’s chances of having
cancers, such as cervical who did not receive HPV 2014 and December 2017. a successful pregnancy.
cancer, anal cancer, penile vaccine became pregnant All three were determined There is currently no
cancer, vaginal cancer, and at least once during the to be hearsay reports, reliable evidence that links
vulvar cancer. survey period (2007 – 2014), meaning there was not current or previous HPV
After the initial approval whereas only 35% of women enough information to vaccines with fertility-
of HPV vaccine in 2006 by who received the vaccine confirm a medical diagnosis related problems. However,
the American Food and became pregnant. While the of primary ovarian given the questions raised
Drug Authority (FDA), authors concluded that in an insufficiency. by the case reports and
there was public concern age group of 25 – 29 years, recent academic controversy
regarding the safety of the HPV vaccinated women No correlation around the way large
vaccine with particular are less likely to become The authors of recent systematic reviews of
focus on whether it could pregnant than women who study looking at 200,000 HPV vaccine safety are
cause primary ovarian are not vaccinated, they young women who conducted, it is clear that
insufficiency or premature have been roundly criticised received various adolescent further research is needed
menopause. Too add to this for not taking into account vaccines including to conclusively establish
concern, in 2014 a medical the vaccine coverage in HPV vaccine found no whether there are any
case report from Australia the respective age groups correlation between grounds to associate HPV
was published reporting during the study period. HPV vaccination and vaccination with any
three cases of unexplained Critics of the research have increased risk of primary reduction in male or female
premature ovarian failure also pointed out that if the ovarian insufficiency. The fertility.
in adolescent girls where an vaccine does affect fertility researchers calculated that It is important to
adverse reaction to Gardasil then a similar correlation among 58,871 young women remember that a lot of
(HPV4) vaccination was would have been observed who received HPV vaccine, studies on vaccine outcome
hypothesised as a possible in other countries with good only one woman showed reported that HPV vaccine
explanation. HPV vaccine coverage like the symptoms of primary is both safe and highly
Australia and the United ovarian insufficiency, effective in preventing
New study Kingdom. suggesting that HPV vaccine cancer-causing infections.
The author of a recent According to the data is unlikely to affect fertility
study analysing the National collected by the Vaccine in young women.
Health and Nutrition Adverse Event Reporting Infection with HPV affects
Examination Survey data on System database, there were reproductive health and

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 33
comment
By Patrick Ajuna
Weakness of NSSF amendment Bill
The reforms the NSSF Act and Social Pension Schemes
need for alignment with comprehensive social protection

T
he National Social Security Fund Director and Deputy Managing Director of their times of incapacitation and vulnera-
(NSSF) (Amendment Bill), 2019 NSSF Board should be done in consultation bility.
presented in parliament recently has with the employers and the workers through Relatedly, since social protection is one
generated mixed reactions from the their representatives since they are the main of the four pillars of Decent Work Agenda,
public on a number of issues of interest. This stakeholders of the fund as contributors, tax- there is need for the inclusion of a section
prompted the government through the Min- payers, and beneficiaries. Their involvement in the NSSF Act that provides for regular
istry of Gender, Labour and Social Devel- would create and maintain a sound system actuarial studies which would not only help
opment (MGLSD) to organise a Stakeholder with efficiency and effective service delivery. to give direction on how to transform NSSF
Consultative Breakfast Meeting on August In line with the fore mentioned assertion, benefits into a social insurance scheme that
30 at Imperial Royale Hotel. The aim was to Social Dialogue Consultation (Industrial and guarantees regular and predictable income
harmonise positions on issues of concern. National levels) Recommendation of 1960 transfers to members in form of pension
The various groups that attended the (No. 113): Calls on member states to take “… but also, constant adjustment of benefits
meeting were the Social Partners - represen- measures appropriate to national conditions levels in line with wage and price increases,
tatives of Employers through their Umbrella to promote effective consultation and co-op- considering the fact that social protection is
body - Federation of Uganda Employers eration at the industrial and national levels a human right and therefore, it’s essential
(FUE), workers unions - NOTU (National between public authorities and employers’ to provide workers with freedom from fear
Organisation of Trade Union) and COFTU and workers’ organisations, as well as and insecurity.
(Central Organisation of Free Trade Union), between these organisations…). And further When workers have a sense of security,
government representatives from line minis- states that “such consultation and co-opera- it helps them to concentrate on their jobs,
tries and departments, Civil Society Organ- tion should aim in particular at ensuring that which increases their productivity levels
isations (CSOs) and Development Partners, competent public authorities seek the views, and incomes. Research has shown that a
among others. advice and assistance of employers’ and provident fund paid to beneficiaries in lump
Generally, the National Social Security workers’ organisations in an appropriate sum does not protect workers during old
Fund (Amendment) Bill (2019) is a welcome manner, in respect of such matters as…the age since such money is spent within the
development given that the current National establishment and functioning of national first two years of retirement. Such actuarial
Social Security Fund (NSSF) Act, Cap 222 bodies such as those responsible for social studies would help to guide investment
has weaknesses in relation to the gover- security and welfare.…”. Similarly, the of the NSSF money into meaningful
nance of the NSSF. The appointment of the choice of the representatives of employers businesses and prevent mismanagement
Managing Director and Deputy Managing and workers to the NSSF Board should be of workers’ savings. The Bill should also
Director directly by the Minister without solely the task of their respective constituents provide for portability of savers benefits
consulting the board, limited membership and not by the minister as the Bill suggests. when one changes jobs to another with
coverage, and limited number of benefits This will enable them to execute their man- a different social security scheme. While
offered to members, need rethinking. date in compliance with the ILO practice and a person is at liberty to withdraw his/her
Many countries in Africa; like Zambia, standards to avoid political patronage. savings from NSSF should he/she gets a
Zimbabwe, Namibia, Liberia, Lesotho and Second, the Employers and Workers job in the public service as per the current
Malawi, are currently preoccupied with should have equal representation on the regulations, it’s more complicated when
the task of reforming their respective Social NSSF Board. While it is true that NSSF is one moves from public service to the private
Protection Systems. The aim is to increase workers’ money, the fact that employers sector. Otherwise, if someone who has been
coverage in line with the 2030 Agenda for contribute two-thirds of this NSSF implies in public service for nine years decides
Sustainable Development whose targets that they have a big stake in the funds’ man- to join the private sector, he/she will lose
have provided a renewed impetus for the agement, and therefore a justification for their benefits in the public Service Pension
development of comprehensive social pro- equal representation to ensure value for their Scheme (PSPS). Therefore, there is need for
tection systems. The targets recognise the (employers’) money. legislations that provides for portability of a
contribution of social policies in addressing Third, while NSSF was established majorly person’s benefits from PSPS to NSSF account
the structural drivers of risk and in building to provide income security during old age, and vice versa, and if one moves from or
long-term resilience. There is also need to serious injuries or death, majority of the to another country within the East African
implement preventive strategies towards people consider NSSF to be a source of Community. We need legislations capable
turning the mandatory savings into social investment funds for housing, business and of appropriately shaping the retirement
security benefits with guaranteed and reg- other purposes. That is why some are agi- security systems so that they can respond
ular cash transfers for contributors who tating for midterm access to their mandatory to the prevailing demographic, economic,
reach retirement age. savings. Such a divergence in the objective and workforce trends. And such legislations
Therefore, the following general issues of the NSSF needs to be addressed with can only be arrived at through a tripartite
should be addressed in the (NSSF) (Amend- clarity in the NSSF (Amendment) Act. Mass consultative system where the views of each
ment Bill) in addition to the specific issues sensitization and educational programmes party are given equal consideration.
which will be presented to the authorities as are needed for contributory social scheme(s)
FUE Position Paper when the final consulta- to provide increased levels of protection; The writer works with Federation of Uganda
tion of our members on this Bill is finalised. including providing social insurance to the Employers in the department of policy and
First, the appointment of the Managing beneficiaries against the worst shocks during research

34 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
comment
By Adewunmi Emoruwa
Africa needs traditional media
The democratic nature of social-media platforms
is their strength but it’s a major flaw on fake news

I
n June, Senegalese President Macky cover journalist in Ghana was fatally shot, platforms can play a role, but their main
Sall’s brother, Aliou Sall, resigned from after a politician called for retribution strength – their democratic nature – is
his post as the head of a state-run sav- against him for publishing an exposé also their fatal flaw. They have proved
ings fund, following public outrage over on corruption in the country’s football ideal for spreading fake news, which
allegations (which he denies) that he was (soccer) leagues. taints public debate and erodes trust in
involved in corrupt oil and gas deals. That Governments also attempt to assert both facts and institutions.
outrage was expressed via social media and control over media outlets, even if it This dynamic was on stark display
on the streets of Dakar. But it was investiga- means shutting them down. In Tanzania, during Nigeria’s last election campaign.
tive journalism, carried out by the BBC, that President John Magufuli’s government Fake news stories – including the claim
triggered it; highlighting traditional media’s has suspended newspapers and banned that President Muhammadu Buhari had
enduring power to effect change. radio stations critical of his administra- died and been replaced by a lookalike –
While social-media platforms get a lot tion, using pretexts such as “sedition” went viral on social media. Millions of
of attention for their speed and acces- and “national security threats.” News Nigerians were convinced, with some
sibility, a credible free press – which organisations have been pressured – in at even carrying out killings in retaliation
does not simply parrot the official line least one case, by armed men – to publish for made-up violence. Recognising the
of governments or special interests, but stories favourable to the ruling elite. power of these stories, figures close to
rather seeks the truth – remains essential Independent media are squeezed fur- political parties began to invent and cir-
to strengthening accountability in places ther by chronic underfunding. Journalists culate claims that would benefit their can-
where it can often be hard to find. And not only lack resources to support their didates, severely distorting the election
independent investigative journalists work; they are often so poorly compen- campaign.
in Africa have often exposed high-level sated that they become vulnerable to cor- Independent traditional news outlets do
corruption, abuse of power, and shady ruption themselves. In Nigeria, “brown not just avoid this problem; they are the
business deals. envelope journalism” – when reporters key to addressing it, because only they
For example, in Kenya, a leading are paid by individuals or organisations can credibly verify the news being circu-
local newspaper reported that Philip to publish favorable stories – is common- lated on social media. That is why Face-
Kinisu, former chairman of the Ethics place. book and Google have collaborated with
and Anti-Corruption Commission, had Where independent media are silenced, traditional media organisations to combat
received suspicious payments from the coerced, or captured, the public has few the spread of fake news on their plat-
National Youth Service. Further investiga- options for gaining any information forms in Nigeria, South Africa, Zambia,
tions into the NYS revealed more corrupt beyond the narratives pushed by govern- Kenya, and Zimbabwe.
deals, spurring Kenyans to take to the ments and special interests. Social-media But if traditional independent media are
streets in protest. going to fulfill their essential role, they
But those with power know how to fight need resources. In places where govern-
back – and they do not pull their punches. ments are placing constraints on press
As a result, in many African countries, The most extreme freedom, Western donors should step up
the free press is being compromised, sup-
pressed, and even dismantled.
example of media to provide the necessary funding. Given
the importance of a credible free press to
The most extreme example of media suppression in both development and democracy, it is
suppression in Africa is found in Eritrea,
where Reporters Without Borders esti- Africa is found undoubtedly a sound investment.

mates that at least 11 journalists are lan- in Eritrea, where Adewunmi Emoruwa, an investor in African
guishing in prison. The country has only
one independent and non-partisan news Reporters Without media startups democratizing access to
information, including thescoopng.com and
outlet – a radio station run by exiled jour- Borders estimates The Election Network, is Lead Strategist at
nalists, based in Paris – and its signal is
often jammed. that at least 11 Gatefield, a public strategy group.

But attacks on African news media’s journalists are Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2019.
already-tenuous freedom are prolifer-
ating. They often come in the form of languishing in
violence against independent journalists. prison
Last year, two journalists in Nigeria were
assaulted by security operatives attached
to the president. In January, an under-

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 35
comment
By Emmanuel Kwezi Tabaro
Uganda Airlines flies
So why are we still angry pessimists when we should
be re-imagining Uganda as a land of the possible?

A
t exactly 6:55am local time, the While the reporting was accurate, it fed among young Ugandans.
maiden Uganda Airlines com- into I-told-you-so narratives by critics of Developments like the revival of
mercial flight UR202 landed at the the national carrier who could not help Uganda Airlines, completion of Karuma
Jomo Kenyatta Airport to a rousing but latch onto the stories as proof of their hydropower dam (the largest infrastruc-
clap from the 8 passengers on board and a earlier warning that airlines were bad tural undertaking in Uganda’s history),
signature water canon salute. After 18 years businesses, or worse, that government of building of the new Nile Bridge, a robust
in limbo the national carrier, now under a Uganda cannot do business. network of national roads, among other
new company name and IATA code (the With such coverage, one wonders how “physical” investments are therefore born
former Uganda Airlines flew under the code long the national carrier will fly before it into this anger and pessimism today.
QU), had taken to the skies again and with it encounters the turbulence of our polar- Other than rally us to embrace them as
soared the hopes—if not doubts—of Ugan- ised politics, scandal-loving press or dis- achievements for Uganda—and part of
dans. missive public. the fundamentals on which future growth
The change of name one hopes, will Permit me a slight detour before I return is premised—these “physical” invest-
bury the ghosts of the old Uganda Air- to my argument. ments are now opportunities for us to
lines once and for all. And there are The late Tanzanian Marxist scholar vent our citizen anger.
pointers the new airline management and politician Abdul Rahman Babu is Yet only 25 years ago there was a
wants to do things differently this time reported to have once quipped in 1986 Uganda that was less despondent, more
around. For example, in hiring the expe- that the NRM revolution in Uganda was optimistic, albeit poorer. That country
rienced Ephraim Bagenda as CEO as “the most significant event” to have hap- was bold enough to lead the global fight
well as retention of experienced pilots pened in Africa following Ghana’s inde- against HIVÁIDS, unbundle loss making
like Chief Pilot Michael Etyang, who pendence in 1957. For a man who rarely government enterprises, and slash the
has flown the old Uganda Airlines, minced his words, the statement is/was numbers of an overbearing civil service,
AirUganda and Jetlink, and Charles quite loaded. reform that came at great risk to its polit-
Karabarinde. Both pilots have a combined We now know from William Pike’s ical class. It would also be among the
50-plus years’ experience flying major recent memoirs that he too shared similar first countries in Africa to establish an
airlines in the region and continent. sentiments, and so did many observers at independent revenue authority (URA),
On our return flight from Nairobi, I also the time. open up the Forex market, and when the
got to learn that some of the cabin crew Sadly, Abdul Rahman Babu is now long neighbourhood was in trouble in the last
had previously worked with AirUganda dead and we will never know his take on decade, the first to send troops to far-
and had gone to work with other carriers the NRM “revolution” today. Pike is still flung places like Central African Republic
in the region following AirUganda’s with us, and in the preface to his memoirs and Somalia.
folding in 2014. This I found quite telling one finds a telling caveat: the book should But today, majority of that country’s
about the airline’s ability to attract talent. be read as a “historical document”. What- population cannot believe their govern-
President Museveni who remarked in ever interpretation one makes of the state- ment can effectively run an airline, treat
April that he “was among the under- ment, one is led to temper their expecta- them in hospital when they fall sick, or
takers who buried the old airline,” was tions of what came after the “revolution”. make the right decisions about their own
optimistic saying the national carrier’s In many ways, this is the crisis that future. How did we get here?
revival was a “historic moment” for all today’s Uganda has suffered since around That said, I believe the greatest chal-
Ugandans. 2005: the belief and optimism that the lenge Uganda under Museveni faces
Yet, even with such an optimistic picture country is capable of doing great things today is not the lack of enough “legacy”
painted, the national airline, like many has increasingly dissipated amongst our projects—bridges, roads, dams, rail-
recent projects delivered by the govern- citizenry (journalists, government offi- ways, and fly-overs—but a re-imagina-
ment of Uganda, finds itself having to cials, business community, etc.), replaced tion of Uganda as a land of the possible,
fend off negative press, not from outside, by lethargy, pessimism and despondency. and his government as a qualified mid-
but within Uganda. Interesting enough, this pessimism wife to deliver such possibilities. Short
Take for instance headlines by two has an almost perfect correlation with of that, as he promised in one of his
leading papers covering the Uganda the country’s growth recovery since state of the nation addresses years ago,
Airlines maiden commercial flight from around 2000. The more our capacity has the president may as well tarmac the
Entebbe to Nairobi. Uganda Airlines improved to pay nurses and teachers tongues of his critics. For they shall not
earns Shs 8m from first commercial flight, better, build roads and bridges, improve stop complaining.
reported the Observer; while the Daily sanitation, etc., the angrier we seem to
Monitor had this to report: Uganda air- have become that things “do not work”. The author is a socio-political commentator
lines first commercial flight had eight This pessimism is now even more ampli- based in Kampala
passengers on board. fied in the social media age; especially

36 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
ART | BOOKS | SOCIETY | TRAVEL | CULTURE

Uganda Airlines’ revival


Artist casts a critical eye on ambiguity

A
By Dominic Muwanguzi career gains credibility with Sane’s adoption plane in his collage prints as if to emphasize
of the name Uganda Airlines. He perceives its centrality to the larger subject of living in
lot has been said about the himself as the aircraft because of his ambig- the shadow of white people and the grow-
revival of the Uganda Air- uous identity: a Ugandan artist living in the ing appetite for everything that is white by
lines; mostly how it is going to United Kingdom. There is indistinctness Africans. In some artworks, his image is seen
change the economic fortunes about his personality from the two places. In sitting in the cockpit or the passengers’ cabin
of the country through pro- Uganda his home country, living “abroad” to illustrate his relationship with the airline.
moting tourism and boosting translates in being rich and able to afford Though such connection between artist
Uganda as a brand internationally. With everything you want. In fact family and and aircraft can be interpreted as ironic- a
this, a greater section of the public is optimis- friends will often approach you for handouts dominant artistic parody in his art- the artist
tic that Uganda can now compete favourably because they believe you are successful. This is intent to draw the mind and eyes of the
on the international scene. is contrary to the reality which is, you are public to the ambiguous topic of the Uganda
Amidst this euphoria, Uganda artist Eria also struggling like them. This is similar to Airlines. Nonetheless, the artist’s childhood
Sane Nsubuga casts a critical eye on the the too many expectations Ugandans have memories of seeing airplanes- probably
overwhelming expectations of the airline. handed over to the national carrier. Addi- one of them being Uganda Airlines- flying
Before its revival, the national career had tionally, Sane is confounded with the ques- over his home in Entebbe and drawing the
been grounded for nearly twenty years as a tion of belonging. Because he spends more cockpit in the dust together with his siblings;
result of political corruption and misman- time in UK (Southampton) is he a UK citizen alongside dreaming one day to fly in it, con-
agement. More so, its revitalisation comes or still Ugandan with little contacts at home? tribute to this authentic examination.
at the times when graft is at its peak in many On the other hand, living in a multi-national Sane’s censure of the rebirth of Uganda
government institutions and several interna- space like the UK-not to mention the fre- Airlines is unmistakably relevant to the pub-
tional airlines are incurring increasing losses. quent encounter with the growing white lic’s expectations from the national carrier. It
Sane questions the success of such a venture- nationalism – one’s identity as an African is awakens important questions on its possible
ironically with little planning from govern- mostly likely to be compromised or disap- successes or failures. As such, one may ask
ment- at such a time. The work is contextu- pear. The artist constructs powerful visual the question if its revival was an honest
alised within a larger theme of the growing imagery in his art to convey such message of option or one prompted by selfish interests:
appetite of African for things white people uncertainty. He recurrently adopts the word the desire to consume everything white in
consume. Such criticism for the national Uganda Airlines and the image of the aero- these contemporary times?

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 37
Woman seeks divorce from husband who loved her too much
United Arab Emirates media recently turned me down,” the poor wom- The husband told stunned judges his
reported the almost-unfathomable case an reportedly told the court. “I was sole goal was to “be a perfect and kind
of a woman who decided to divorce choked by extreme love and affection. husband”. He told judges that one
her husband after a year of marriage, He even helped me clean the house. “I time, when she complained about his
because he loved her too much. She long for one day of dispute, but this weight, he went on a diet and started
told the Shariah court in Fujairah seems impossible with my romantic exercising. He even suffered a leg frac-
that she felt chocked by his love and husband who always forgave me and ture as a result. Court adjourned the
affection. “He never yelled at me or showered me with gifts,” she added. case to give them chance to reconcile.

Versace sells Trump angry as wife air kisses Trudeau


golden toilet brush with Donald, Melania was
holder for Shs3.6m photographed leaning away to
greet Trudeau with an air kiss.
Body language expert, Patti
It would brush holder Wood, believes the US President
appear to features a showed sign of “anger” during
be one of lid to ensure the greeting. She added:
the most the brush is “Melania’s making a decision
luxurious hidden from to do what we are seeing.
lavatory view, a stylish
She’s making a decision to do
accessories addition to
a seductive kiss while holding
imaginable. any home.”
hands with her husband, and
Versace is For those
that choice is affecting her
selling a feeling less
husband”. In photos, at least,
toilet brush flush, there is
holder, which an I Classici U.S. First Lady Melania at the G7 summit. Melania Melania and Trudeau ended up
is finished toilet brush Trump recently went viral for stood near Trudeau in a group looking like a Vogue ad while
in pure gold holder in her greeting towards Canadian photo at the event in Biarritz, Trump stared grimly in the
and features chrome and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau France. While holding hands background.
the designer gold for £675
brand’s classic
Medusa
(Approx. Shs3
million) and a Man sues mistress to recover $2m he willingly gave her
head, at £810 Superbe toilet
(Approx. roll holder for A Singapore-based problem is the young property his money back. Toh Eng
Shs3.6 £425 (Approx. businessman has attracted agent claims that the loan Tiah, the 55-year-old owner of
million). It is Shs2 million). some unwanted media was only a ruse to trick Toh’s several recycling businesses,
being sold on attention after it was reported wife into thinking he was became romantically involved
homeware that he sued his mistress in only loaning her money, but with 33-year-old property
website order to recover $2 million in fact it was a gift. However, agent Angelina Jiang even
Amara, which (Approx. Shs7.2 billion) he the businessman says the though Toh was married.
describes the allegedly loaned her. The loan was real and he wants
Superbe toilet
brush holder
as “stunning”. Journo in hot soup over Ramaphosa
Other
bathroom An Associate Press (AP) as well Justin Trudeau of
accessories journalist who tweeted a pic- Canada at the G7 Summit in
by Versace ture of world leaders among Biarritz, France.
include a them President Cyril Rama- Darlene you’re such an
toothbrush phosa but referred to him as embarrassment for not even
holder, soap “one unidentified leader” did trying to find out who the
dispenser and not know what hit her when black leader is. As a black
soap dish. South Africans responded to person I’m embarrassed for
The website her tweet. Darlene Superville, you. Also why call your-
says: “With whose profile states that she’s self a journalist if you can’t
a luxurious the White House reporter with the French president bother to do the basics,
gold finish, for AP, tweeted a picture of Emmanuel Macron, India’s twitted DumiGwebuEdits @
this toilet Ramaphosa in a group hug Prime Minister Narenda Modi dumigwebu and others.

38 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
Road accident victims
Where is the compensation from insurance companies?
By Independent Reporter The establishment of the Uganda Insur- logical advances in that sector. End quote.

W
ance Commission under the Ministry of Fast-forward to 2019 and a quote from
e begin with an extended Finance was intended to enforce a code of President Yoweri Museveni when he visited
excerpt from former Minister conduct and ensure that policyholder rights the scene of the Aug.18 gory fuel tanker acci-
of Finance, Prof. Ezra Sabiti would be honoured. By 2010, however, dent that killed over 25 people and injured
Suruma’s 2014 book titled `Ad- Uganda had still not succeeded in having many more in Kyambura village Rubirizi
vancing the Ugandan Economy: A personal motor vehicle owners to perform regular district.
Account’. maintenance on their vehicles and insurance “What is the role of the Third Party insur-
On page 159, he writes: In some accidents, companies to perform their duties under the ance, this is very absolute and many vehi-
dozens of people died and many more were various policies they had sold. The refusal cles are on the road without it but they are
injured. Of course the buses carried many by many insurance companies to meet their carrying people,” Museveni told a gathered
more than 100 passengers, even though they contractual obligations placed many bus crowd, “My responsibility is not to compen-
had only 62 seats. Passengers sat on top of operators at risk of losing their buses with- sate accident victims but to offer assistance
each other while others travelled standing. out compensation if and when there was to the families, compensation must be done
When an accident occurred, many of these an accident. At the same time, the behavior by owners of the vehicles involved in acci-
passengers were thrown all over the place of many insurance companies subjected dents.” He said all cars must have compre-
and the ensuing scenes were horrific. many bus passengers to unnecessary risk hensive Motor Third Party insurance.
On top of this, it was very difficult to of injury without just compensation. The Many motor vehicles on the road have
compel the insurance companies to pay. requirement to purchase `third party’ insur- either Motor Vehicle Third Party Insurance
The court system itself was slow and often ance stickers, which the police enforced or Motor Comprehensive Insurance. The
corrupt. So the bus owner could spend ruthlessly throughout Uganda, was a virtual bigger question is why insurance companies
months, or even years, trying to get the donation to the insurance companies by the hide and refuse to pay whenever a claim is
insurance company to reimburse for losses. vehicle owners. Consequently, while the made. Are the YY Coaches buses that were
On at least two occasions when KOMESA speed of public transportation and access recently involved in accidents not insured?
buses overturned with much loss of life to virtually all parts of Uganda increased, What compensation has the insurer made?
and many injured, the insurance company the safety of travel remained poor, and the Why should motor vehicle owners continue
did not pay for repair of the buses or for overall administrative structures to enforce donating free money to insurance compa-
the treatment of the injured. Motor vehicle safety and insurance compensation did not nies as Prof. Suruma describes? The Uganda
insurance in Uganda appeared to be a rack- match the techno- Insurance Regulatory Authority needs to
et in which motor vehicle owners regularly give the public answers.
paid insurance companies premi-
ums but received noth-
ing in return.

Sept. 06 - 12 2019 39
global comment
By Kaushik Basu
Corrupt anti-corruption campaigns
Endemic corruption can implicate even those who
would prefer to operate according to the law

T
he Amazon rainforest has been the United Kingdom, which today ranks can simply begin by taking aim at those who
burning for weeks. Yet Brazil’s right- 11th on the CPI. And recent examples from challenge their authority. What starts as an
wing president, Jair Bolsonaro, mo- Asia show improvement can occur quickly. anti-corruption drive ends up as an instru-
bilised the armed forces to help con- Prior to self-government in 1959, Singapore ment of cronyism and media control. And
tain the fires only in the last few days – in the was beset by corruption; since 1995 (when by creating a safe zone for loyalists, it often
face of European leaders’ threat to suspend a the CPI was introduced), it has consistently ends up exacerbating corruption.
major trade deal and the possibility of a far- ranked among Asia’s least corrupt coun- The campaign pursued by Nigerian Presi-
reaching boycott of Brazilian products. And tries. This year, it reached third place (tied dent Muhammadu Buhari since his election
though the Bolsonaro government’s rollback with Finland, Sweden, and Switzerland). in 2015 is widely viewed as having targeted
and weak enforcement of laws protecting Likewise, Japan is 18th, and Hong Kong has opponents and spared allies. The same risks
the Amazon are root causes of the crisis, en- risen quickly to 14th place. exist in many other countries.
couraging ranchers to set fires to clear land Addressing corruption is not always Corruption can implicate even those
for agriculture, there has been no mention of straightforward. The connection between who would prefer to operate according to
any policy change. corruption management and democratic the law, especially in countries where it is
The crisis in the Amazon is a stark example compromise is complex and not commonly endemic. I was personally caught up in such
of the damage that can be done when gov- understood. This is the reason why many a situation in 1992, when leaving Moscow
ernments bow unequivocally to business leaders who have come to power with a after a five-day conference. The immigration
interests. It also highlights an increasingly genuine interest in controlling corruption officer at the airport looked at my passport
common phenomenon: the cynical manip- have ended up nurturing cronyism and and said grimly, “Your visa was for four
ulation of anti-corruption efforts to under- damaging democracy instead. days. It expired yesterday.” Then, without
mine democracy and advance an authori- That is what happened in Brazil last year, batting an eye, he asked for a $50 bribe.
tarian political agenda. when former President Luiz Inácio Lula Looking back, I marvel at my courage – I
Some conservative economists argue that da Silva was jailed for corruption, not as an bargained, and we settled on $5. But when
corruption can be benign, or even benefi- honest attempt to build a more transparent he stamped my passport, the thought struck
cial, as it enables economic actors to bypass political system, but rather to exclude him me that if someone was watching, I could be
regulations, thereby enabling markets to from the presidential election, which opinion arrested for bribing an officer. I panicked,
function more effectively. While there may polls suggested he would win, thereby snatched my passport, and ran to my gate
be instances of benign corruption, the truth enabling Bolsonaro’s victory. without paying the bribe. To this day, I don’t
is that corruption corrodes markets, protects Some political leaders take an even more know whether my action was morally defen-
incumbents from competitive challenges by direct approach, launching a corruption sible. I struck a contract and reneged on my
impeding the entry of new actors, destroys “purge” that targets rivals or critics for pros- part. It is rare to feel guilty for not paying a
the moral fabric of society, and stunts eco- ecution. In countries that are rife with high- bribe, but I lived with that feeling for quite
nomic development. Indeed, as Transpar- level corruption, this is easy to do: leaders some time.
ency International’s Corruption Perceptions But the mere fact that I was put in that
Index (CPI) shows, there is a strong inverse position shows just how easily corruption
correlation between development and cor- can proliferate, especially in a context
ruption. The campaign where it is already an embedded part of
According to the latest CPI data, the
world’s least corrupt countries are Denmark
pursued by everyday life. In such cases, corrupt sys-
tems are vulnerable not just to corruption
and New Zealand. Both have achieved Nigerian itself, but also to politically motivated
high standards of living. The world’s most
corrupt countries, by contrast, are Somalia,
President “anti-corruption” initiatives that entrench
the power imbalances they are supposed
South Sudan, and Syria – all poor and Muhammadu to overcome and facilitate the rise of
mired in conflict. Ranked from least to most
corrupt, the United States is 22nd on the
Buhari since his undemocratic regimes. The scale of the
devastation such manipulation can wreak
180-country list; among major developing election in 2015 is is evident in the Amazon today.
and emerging economies, India is 78th,
China is 87th, Brazil is 105th, and Nigeria is
widely viewed as Kaushik Basu, former Chief Economist of
144th. having targeted the World Bank and former Chief Economic
The data also suggest that the common
belief that corruption is hardwired in some opponents and Adviser to the Government of India, is
Professor of Economics at Cornell University
societies does not stand up to scrutiny. Cor- spared allies and Nonresident Senior Fellow at the
ruption levels can and do change, at times Brookings Institution.
quite sharply. A couple of centuries ago,
corruption was rampant in countries like Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2019.

40 Sept. 06 - 12 2019
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