p.

25

UNIT

19
Dr essi ng f or t he Theat r e

1

Tom M arg. Tom M arg. Tom M arg. Tom M arg. Tom M arg.

-

Shall we g o f or a walk t his evening ? You can g o if you lik e, dear . But won’t you com e wit h m e? No, I won’t g o wit h you t his evening , dear . I m ust wr it e t o m y m ot her . Ver y well. I ’ll com e back soon. T ak e your r aincoat wit h you! O h no! T hat won’t be necessar y. Yes, it will. T her e wer e clouds in t he sk y. I ’m sur e t hat it will r ain soon. No, it won’t . I t ’s a ver y f ine evening . Com e on! Let ’s g o out . All r ig ht . But you m ust wait unt il I f inish wr it ing t he let t er . ( An hour lat er )

M arg. Tom M arg. Tom M arg. Tom M arg.

-

T om , I ’m r eady now. But wait a m om ent . W hy don’t we g o t o t he t heat r e inst ead? A g ood idea! But t hen I m ust chang e m y dr ess. All r ig ht . W hich dr ess shall I put on? T he g r een one or t he blue one? I t doesn’t m at t er . But dr ess q uick ly! I t ’s r at her lat e. I ’ll be r eady in t en m inut es. ( 25 m inut es lat er )

M arg. Tom

-

I ’ll need a shawl. But which shall I t ak e? T he whit e one? I t doesn’t m at t er , Mar g ar et . T ak e any shawl, but please be q uick ! I f we ar r ive lat e, we won’t f ind any g ood seat s, and you’ll m ak e a f uss. (turn over)

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UNIT

19
Dr essi ng f or t he Theat r e Ha ha ha!

2

(continuation)

M arg. Tom

-

W om en will never lear n t o dr ess q uick ly. ( 15 m inut es lat er )

M arg. Tom M arg. Tom M arg. Tom M arg. Tom

-

I ’m r eady. Shall we g o? O h! But I need a f an! Mar g ar et ! All t he t ick et s will be sold if you ar en’t q uick ! Com e on! You won’t need a f an. Yes, I will. And - is t her e t im e f or an ice bef or e leaving t he hot el? I want a st r awber r y ice. T her e will be ices at t he bar in t he t heat r e. But per haps t hey won’t have st r awber r y ices. And will t hat m at t er ver y m uch? Yes, it will. I see. W ell, I ’m ver y sor r y, but we won’t have t im e f or an ice bef or e we g o. So you m ust decide q uick ly: Shall we g o t o t he t heat r e or not ? You can have an ice af t er t he t heat r e. All r ig ht , dear . Com e on, t hen! m om ent ! O h! - But - wait a

M arg. Tom M arg. Tom

-

W hy? W her e ar e you g oing ? W hat do you want ? My f an, dear . I t ’s in m y r oom . W ell, I hope t hat we’ll ar r ive in t im e t o see t he last act !

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UNIT
1.

19
shall

3

En l a l ecci ón pr ecedent e hemos di cho que “s hal l ” s e us aba par a f or mar el f ut ur o con “I ” y “we”. En el i ngl és moder no s e us a “wi l l ” par a t odas l as per s onas .

Mar g ar et says, “ we will have a nice big house. ” W e will need f our bedr oom s. W e will need t wo dom est ics. T om says t o Mar g ar et , “ I will buy you a pair of r ubber g loves. ” Mar g ar et says g ar dening . ” 2. to him , “I will buy you a nice book about

shall
o

En f r as es i nt er r ogat i vas , “s hal l ” s e us a par a hacer of er t as , s uger enci as , par a pedi r cons ej os o par ecer es . Suger enci as

Shall we g o f or a walk t his evening ?
¿Vamos por un paseo esta tarde? / ¿Damos un paseo esta tarde?

Shall we g o t o t he t heat r e?
¿Vamos al teatro?

Par a pedi r cons ej os

W hich dr ess shall I put on?
¿Qué vestido me pongo?

W her e shall we g o t his evening ?
¿Adónde vamos esta tarde?

Par a hacer of er t as

Shall I open t he window? I t is hot in her e.
¿Abro la ventana? Hace calor aquí dentro.

Shall I help you?
¿Te ayudo?
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UNIT
1.

19
back
= es pal da

4

I f your chair is uncom f or t able put a cushion behind your back. 2.

back

= par t e pos t er i or ; det r ás

I n t he back of Abel’s house t her e is a big cher r y t r ee. 3.

back

= at r ás = ( l i t . v e n i r a t r á s ) vol ver = ( l i t . i r a t r á s ) vol ver Abel

t o com e back t o g o back

I n t he back of m y house t her e is a big cher r y t r ee. W hen I com e back hom e f r om school and lunch is not r eady, I lik e t o sit under it . I t ak e m y f avour it e deck chair . I put one cushion behind m y back , anot her cushion under m y head and I r ead m y f at her ’s newspaper . W hen lunch is r eady, I g o back int o t he house and put t he newspaper back on m y f at her ’s desk . My f at her is always saying t o m e, “ Abel, you can t ak e m y newspaper s and m ag azines whenever you want , but when you f inish look ing at t hem don’t f or g et t o put t hem back . === cherry t ree = cer ez o deck chai r = t umbona w henever = cuando qui er as Not a Cuando “back” s e pone des pués de al gunos ver bos , s i gni f i ca, “en el s i t i o donde es t aba ant es ; en l a condi ci ón de ant es ”. t o put back t o br ing back t o g ive back t o pay m oney back = poner en el s i t i o donde es t aba ant es = devol ver = devol ver = devol ver di ner o

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UNIT

19

5

soon

= pr ont o = ( l i t . V o l v e r é p r o n t o . ) Vuel vo pr ont o.

I ’ll com e back soon.

Mar g ar et says, “ I ’m sur e t hat it will r ain soon. ” Ver y soon T om and Mar g ar et will m ar r y.

early

= t empr ano ( opues t o de: l at e)

G eor g e always g et s up ver y ear l y.

Abel says t hat Debr a is a st r ang e g ir l because she lik es t o g et up ear ly. W hen Abel’s f at her has an appoint m ent , he g ener ally ar r ives a lit t le ear ly. He never ar r ives lat e. < < < < < < §> > > > > >

1.

to take

= t omar , coger

Take anot her chocolat e! T om and Mar g ar et ar e sit t ing at a t able in t he hot el dining r oom . Mar g ar et t ak es a cak e and beg ins t o eat it . She says t o T om , “ t ak e one of t hese cak es, dear . T hey ar e r eally delicious. ” “ No, t hank you, dear , ” says T om . “ I pr ef er t o t ak e anot her g lass of wine. ” 2.

to take

= l l evar - s e

Ever y evening Abel t akes his dog f or a walk .

- T ak e your r aincoat wit h you. I t will r ain soon. W hen Mar g ar et t r avels, she lik es t o t ak e a lot of lug g ag e wit h her .

3.

to take

= l l evar ; acompañar

Rober t never t akes Millie t o t he cinem a nor t o t he t heat r e.

W hen Mar g ar et is in London, she of t en t ak es lit t le Alice t o t he k inder g ar t en.
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UNIT

19

6

Repet i ci ón de l os auxi l i ar es Obs er va l a r epet i ci ón de l os auxi l i ar es en l as f r as es que s i guen.

• • •

- T hat won’t be necessar y. - Yes, it will. - I ’m sur e t hat it will r ain soon. - No, it won’t . - And will t hat m at t er ver y m uch? - Yes, it will. < < < < < < §> > > > > >

Sí , l o s er á.

No, no l l over á.

Sí , i mpor t ar á.

1.

fine

= her mos o; bueno = Hace buen t i empo.

I t is f i ne weat her .


2.

- I t won’t r ain. I t ’s a ver y f ine evening .

fine

= magní f i co; es pl éndi do

T he elephant , t he lion and t he t ig er ar e f i ne anim als.

New Yor k is a f ine cit y, wit h f ine, lar g e r oads, f ine sk yscr aper s and a f ine, big har bour .

3.

fine

= bi en

- How ar e you ?

- Fine, t hank s. === s kys craper = r as caci el os el ephant = el ef ant e l i on = l eón t i ger = t i gr e Not a La expr es i ón “Fi ne, t hanks .” s e us a más en el i ngl és de l os Es t ados Uni dos .
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UNIT
front

19
= par t e ant er i or = el j ar dí n del ant e de l a cas a

7

t he f r ont g ar den

back

= par t e pos t er i or =el j ar dí n det r ás de l a cas a *** = ar r i ba = ar r i ba; el pi s o de ar r i ba = abaj o = abaj o; el pi s o de abaj o Debr a

t he back g ar den

up
upst air s

dow n
downst air s

W e live in an old house in t he subur bs of Flor ence. I t is not ver y big , but it is pr et t y and com f or t able. I t is t wo st or eys hig h, wit h a lit t le f r ont g ar den and a back g ar den. Downst air s, on t he g r ound f loor , t her e is a k it chen, a lit t le sit t ing r oom , a dining r oom , a t oilet , and a lit t le st udio wher e m y f at her spends all his f r ee t im e, wor k ing or r eading . Upst air s, on t he f ir st f loor , t her e ar e f our bedr oom s: one f or m y par ent s, one f or Abel, one f or m e, and anot her f or g uest s. T her e ar e also t wo bat hr oom s. Abel’s r oom and m y r oom ar e r at her sm all, but we lik e t hem ver y m uch. I was f or g et t ing t he at t ic. Abel and I call it “ T he Casino” , because t her e is an old t able cover ed wit h a g r een clot h, and an old r oulet t e on it . W hen it is cold and we can’t play in t he g ar den, Abel and I spend a lot of t im e in t he Casino, r eading com ics, playing car ds or playing chess. T he st air s ar e f un. My br ot her and I lik e t o r un up and down t he st air s. And when m y par ent s ar e not ar ound, we slide down t he banist er . === s t orey = pl ant a ches s = aj edr ez ground f l oor = pl ant a baj a s t ai rs = es cal er as at t i c = át i co t o s l i de = r es bal ar t o cover = cubr i r bani s t er = pas amanos , bar andi l l a cl ot h = t el a t he s t ai rs are f un = “l as es cal er as s on di ver t i das ”
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UNIT

19

8

Tr aducci ón de “ ent r ar ” y “ salir ” Par a t r aduci r cor r ect ament e “ent r ar ” y “s al i r ” s e debe t ener en cuent a donde s e encuent r a l a per s ona que habl a.

to come in

= ( l i t . v e n i r a d é n t r o ) ent r ar

Cuando qui en habl a s e encuent r a dent r o: Com e i n, please! = ¡ Ent r a, por f avor ! = ( l i t . i r a d é n t r o ) ent r ar

to go in

Cuando qui en habl a s e encuent r a f uer a: G o i n, please! = ¡ Ent r a por f avor ! ***

to come out

= ( l i t . v e n i r f u e r a ) s al i r

Cuando qui en habl a s e encuent r a f uer a. Can you com e out , please? = ¿Puedes s al i r , por f avor ?

to go out

= ( l i t . i r f u e r a ) s al i r

Cuando qui en habl a s e encuent r a dent r o. Can you go out , please? Not a Con l os ver bos “s ubi r ” y “baj ar ” ocur r e l o mi s mo. = ¿Puedes s al i r , por f avor ?

Come up! Go up! Come dow n! Go dow n!

= ¡ Sube! = ¡ Sube! = ¡ Baj a! = ¡ Baj a!

Cuando quien habla se encuentra arriba. Cuando quien habla se encuentra abajo. Cuando quien habla se encuentra abajo. Cuando quien habla se encuentra arriba.

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UNIT
till until

19
= has t a = has t a = ¡ Has t a mañana!

9

T ill ( unt il) t om or r ow!

“Ti l l ” y “unt i l ” t i enen el mi s mo s i gni f i cado. Rober t and M i l l i e Rob. Millie Rob. Millie Rob. Millie Rob. Millie Rob. Millie Rob.

-

I ’m g oing out now. Ver y well, Rober t . And I won’t be back t ill m idnig ht . Ver y well, Rober t . But don’t g o t o bed. W ait f or m e! W ait t ill I com e back ! But why, Rober t ? I ’m so t ir ed. Because when I r et ur n hom e, I ’ll want a st eak and pot at oes. But Rober t ! You had a st eak at eig ht o’clock ! Fr om eig ht o’clock t ill m idnig ht is a long t im e, and I ’ll be hung r y ag ain, I ’m sur e. But I ’m so sleepy, Rober t ! You sleep t oo m uch. I t m ak es you silly. W ell! G oodbye t ill m idnig ht ! < < < < < < §> > > > > >

ready
I ’m r eady.

= listo = Es t oy l i s t o. = ¿Es t ás l i s t o? = El al muer z o es t á l i s t o. Abel

Ar e you r eady? Lunch is r eady.

My sist er Debr a is a sweet g ir l. W hen I have t o put m y r oom in or der she always helps m e. I n t he m or ning she always g et s up ear ly and she g et s br eak f ast r eady f or m y par ent s and f or m e. W hen br eak f ast is r eady, she com es t o m y r oom and wit h a sweet sm ile she says, “ Abel, when you ar e r eady, com e down. Your chocolat e m ilk and your t oast wit h st r awber r y j am ar e r eady. ”
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UNIT
one -

19
ones
Which ones? = ¿Cuál ? ¿Cuál es ?

10

W hi ch one? -

- T hat g ir l is I r ish. - W hich one? - T he blonde one. -

= ¿Cuál? = Aquella rubia.

Millie, wher e ar e m y t r ouser s? W hich ones, dear ? T he black ones. T hey ar e in t he war dr obe, dear .

= ¿Cuáles? = Aquellos negros.

Se us an “one” y “ones ” par a evi t ar l a r epet i ci ón del s ubs t ant i vo. Tom and M ar gar et ( In a Depar t ment St or e) M arg. Tom M arg. Tom M arg. Tom M arg. Tom M arg. Tom M arg. Tom

-

T om , look at t hat beaut if ul hat . W hich one? T he yellow one? O h, no! T he r ed one wit h whit e dot s. T he one t hat cost s a hundr ed and f if t y eur os? Yes, dear . T hat one. I sn’t it r at her expensive? Yes, dear . But it is t he pr et t iest one. All r ig ht , dear . Do you need anyt hing else? O h, yes. I need a pair of shor t s. Shor t s! ? How m any pair s have you alr eady g ot ? O nly f ive pair s: t he r ed ones, t he or ang e ones, t he yellow ones, t he g r een ones and t he blue ones. O K. You could buy t wo m or e pair s: an indig o one, and a violet one. So, you’ll have all t he colour s of t he r ainbow. = = = = el más boni t o al go más pant al ones cor t os añi l vi ol et rai nbow = vi ol et a = ar co i r i s

=== t he pret t i es t one anyt hi ng el s e s hort s i ndi go

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UNIT
to matter

19
= i mpor t ar = No i mpor t a. Da i gual . = No me i mpor t a.

11

I t doesn’t m at t er . I t doesn’t m at t er t o m e.

Tom and M ar gar et M arg. Tom M arg.

-

T he wait er says t hat t hey haven’t g ot any st r awber r y ices! I t doesn’t m at t er . You can have a lem on ice. O n t he cont r ar y, it m at t er s ver y m uch, because I don’t lik e lem on ice. < < < < < < §> > > > > >

1.

any

= al gún - a, al go de

-

ni ngún - a

En l a “Uni t 7” hemos di cho que “any” s e us a en f r as es i nt er r ogat i vas y negat i vas .

- Have you g ot any classical m usic in t his j uk ebox? - Sor r y m adam , t her e isn’t any classical m usic in j uk eboxes.

2.

any

= cual qui er

Cuando “any” s e us a en f r as es af i r mat i vas s i gni f i ca “cual qui er ”.

-

W hen can I see you? And wher e? You can see m e any day of t he week , at m y of f ice. At what t im e? At any t im e. I ’m t her e all day. ***

W hich dr ess shall I put on? Any dr ess. I t doesn’t m at t er . And which shawl? Any shawl. But be q uick !
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UNIT

19
= i mper at i vo = ( l i t . ¡ S é r á p i d o ! ) ¡ Dat e pr i s a! = ¡ No s eas t ont o! Rober t and M i l l i e

12

imperative
Be q uick ! Don’ t be silly!

Millie Rob. Millie Rob. Millie

-

Com e on, Rober t ! Be q uick ! Be q uick ! I t ’s lat e. I k now t hat it ’s lat e, but I can’t f ind m y j ack et . W her e i s it ? W her e i s it ? O h, Rober t , be pat ient ! I ’ l l f ind your j ack et . But please be pat ient ! O h, g o away! O h, Rober t ! Don’t be so unk ind!

El i m per at i vo af i r m at i vo de l a s egunda per s ona s e f or ma con el i nf i ni t i vo s i n “t o”.

inf initive positive imperative

t o be g ood Be g ood!

= s er bueno = ¡ Sé bueno!

El i m per at i vo negat i vo s e f or ma poni endo “don’ t ” ant es del i nf i ni t i vo s i n “t o”.

inf initive

To be silly = s er t ont o Don’ t be silly! = ¡ No s eas t ont o! be be be be ang r y! im pat ient ! r idiculous! vulg ar ! ***

negative imperative
Be Be Be Be nice! k ind! happy! pat ient ! Don’t Don’t Don’t Don’t

I f you l i ke.

= Si qui er es .

-

Shall we g o t o t he t heat r e t his evening ? Yes, if you lik e. T he weat her is so beaut if ul. Shall we g o on f oot ? Yes, if you lik e.
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UNIT
fuss

19
= al bor ot o; es cándal o

13

T o m ak e a f uss about not hing . Don’t m ak e a f uss! Rober t and M i l l i e Millie Rob. Millie Rob. Millie Rob. Millie

= Ar mar un es cándal o por nada. = ¡ No ar mes un es cándal o!

-

Rober t ! Yes? W hat do you want now? I ’m r eading . Leave m e alone! But Rober t ! Don’t put your f eet on t he chair ! Your shoes ar e dir t y. Don’t m ak e a f uss about not hing ! But Rober t ! You’r e m ak ing t he chair dir t y t oo! I t doesn’t m at t er . You can clean it when I g o out . O h, but Rober t -

Rob. O h, don’t m ak e a f uss! Don’t m ak e a f uss! === Leave m e al one! = ( l i t . ¡ D é j a m e s o l o ! ) ¡ Déj ame en paz ! di rt y = s uci o cl ean = l i mpi o t o m ake di rt y = ens uci ar < < < < < < §> > > > > >

before after
-

= ant es ; ant es de = des pués ; des pués de

Shall we have a dr ink bef or e lunch? No, t hank you. I never dr ink bef or e lunch. Af t er lunch, t hen. O K. Af t er lunch.

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UNIT

19
= ant es de s al i r = des pués de comer = s i n t r abaj ar

14

bef ore going out af ter eating without working

Las pr epos i ci ones van s egui das por un ger undi o. T om seldom g oes out wit hout buying a m ag azine. His r eason f or buying so m any m ag azines is t hat he lik es t o r ead bef or e g oing t o sleep at nig ht . He says t hat af t er r eading f or an hour he always sleeps well. “ But don’t you g et t ir ed of r eading only m ag azines?” , ask s Mar g ar et . “ I k now t hat you don’t lik e t o r ead ser i ous book s, but you could r ead a g ood det ect ive st or y, f or exam ple. ” “ No, ” says T om . “ I f I r ead det ect ive st or ies bef or e g oing t o sleep, I ’m af r aid of having nig ht m ar es. ” === reas on = r az ón s eri ous = s er i o t o go t o bed = i r s e a l a cama; acos t ar s e t o go t o s l eep = dor mi r s e ni ght m are = pes adi l l a < < < < < §> > > > >

perhaps

= qui z ás , t al vez Tom and M ar gar et

M arg. Tom M arg. Tom M arg. Tom M arg.

-

My head aches a lit t le. Per haps you ar e t ir ed. No, I ’m not t ir ed. T hen per haps you ar e hung r y. No, I ’m not . T hen per haps t he sun is t oo hot f or you. W hy don’t you sit under t he um br ella? Per haps you ar e r ig ht .

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UNIT
there is there w as

19
- there are - there w ere
= hay = habí a / hubo = habr á = habr í a Abel

15

there w ill be there w ould be

T her e ar e t wo boys in m y class who have long hair and lit t le ear r ing s. T her e is also anot her boy who has dyed his hair blonde. My f at her doesn’t lik e long hair and ear r ing s f or boys. He says t hat when he was young t her e wer e also boys wit h long hair , but t hey wer e consider ed dir t y and ant i- social. How st upid! I t hink t her e m ust be f r eedom t o have long hair , blonde hair and even r ed hair . W hat does it m at t er ? Next week t her e will be a r ock concer t her e in Flor ence. T her e will be boys and g ir ls f r om all over I t aly. I love r ock concer t s. T her e should be at least one concer t a m ont h. I ’m g oing t o t he concer t wit h a g r oup of boys and g ir ls, and we ar e all g oing t o wear blonde wig s and big ear r ing s. I am also g oing t o t ak e a pict ur e of m y f r iends and m e, and I ’m g oing t o show it t o m y f at her . Can you im ag ine his f ace when he sees it ? === t o dye = t eñi r has dyed = ha t eñi do t hey w ere cons i dered = er an cons i der ados t here m us t be = debe haber f ree = l i br e f reedom = l i ber t ad t here s houl d be = deber í a haber wig = pel uca t o t ake a pi ct ure = hacer una f ot o / s acar una f ot o t o s how = mos t r ar
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UNIT

19
Abel

16

T his m or ning I ’m in t r ouble. I t ’s alr eady nine o’clock and m y r oom is a m ess. My m ot her says t hat if m y r oom is not in or der I can’t go out t his m or ning . And at t en t hir t y I have an appoint m ent wit h m y com panions t o play f oot ball. W ell let ’s st ar t wit h t he book s. I lik e t o k eep all m y book s on m y desk , on t he chair s, on m y bed, and som e even under m y desk . But m y m ot her says t hat I m ust k eep all t he book s in m y closet , except t hose t hat I ’m using . I also lik e t o k eep m y r oller sk at es in a box next t o m y bed. But m am a says t hat I m ust k eep t he box in t he closet t oo. So, accor ding t o her , ever y t im e t hat I need m y sk at es I m ust open t he closet , g et t he box out , open t he box, g et t he sk at es out and put t he box back int o t he closet . T hen when I com e back f r om sk at ing , I open t he closet ag ain, g et t he box out , open it , sk at es int o it , close t he box and put it back closet . Can you im ag ine it ? I would g o cr azy! T hen t her e is also t he pr oblem of m y clot hes. W hat is wr ong wit h k eeping som e of m y clot hes on t he chair s? W ell, f or t he clot hes t he r ules ar e t he sam e: “ T hey m ust all be put int o t he war dr obe” . T o k eep m y r oom in or der I should wast e t wo hour s a day. How bor ing ! My G od, it ’s alr eady a q uar t er t o t en. I f I want t o f inish in t im e I need Debr a’s help. I ’m g oing downst air s t o look f or m y sist er . See you lat er . should put t he int o t he

estoy en un apuro desorden

cita

escritorio armario

al lado de

sacar meter dentro vuelvo de

volver a ponerlo me volvería loco qué hay de malo

reglas

buscar Hasta luego.

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UNIT

19
An Eveni ng at t he Theat r e

17

O ne evening T om want s t o g o f or a walk . Bar celona is so int er est ing in t he evening . Mar g ar et says t hat she pr ef er s t o st ay in t he hot el and wr it e som e let t er s. T om says t hat he will com e back soon. But bef or e he g oes out , Mar g ar et g oes t o t he window and look s at t he sk y. She sees som e big clouds and t ells T om t o t ak e his r aincoat wit h him , because she is af r aid t hat it will r ain soon. T om answer s t hat it won’t r ain. He says t hat it is a ver y f ine evening . Mar g ar et now says t hat if t he evening is so f ine t hey could g o t o t he t heat r e. ( W om en chang e t heir ideas so q uick ly! ) “ But if we g o t o t he t heat r e, ” she says, “ I m ust chang e m y dr ess, of cour se. ” “ All r ig ht , ” says T om . “ I f you lik e. ” But which, of all her dr esses, is t he r ig ht one f or t he t heat r e? She has dr esses of ever y colour and ever y st yle. She t hink s about t he pr oblem f or at least t en m inut es. Af t er she decides about t he dr ess, t her e ar e t hr ee ot her pr oblem s: which shawl? W hich shoes? W hich pair of ear r ing s? She will need a shawl, of cour se, she says, because it will be a lit t le cold when t hey com e out of t he t heat r e. T hen she spends a lot of t im e t hink ing about t he ear r ing s. “ W hich ear r ing s shall I put on, T om ?” she ask s. “ T ell m e which pair do you pr ef er . ” “ I f you want t o ar r ive in t im e, ” says T om im pat ient ly, “ don’t put on ear r ing s at all! ” “ Men ar e im possible, ” t hink s Mar g ar et . “ T hey under st and not hing . ” T om says t hat if she isn’t q uick , t hey won’t f ind any g ood seat s. But Mar g ar et now t hink s t hat she will need a f an, because she is sur e t hat it will be hot in t he t heat r e. ( t urn over)
Carmelo Mangano – http://www.inglesparaespanoles.com – for private or academic use only.

UNIT

19
An Eveni ng at t he Theat r e

18

( cont i nuat i on)

“ I m ust g o back t o m y r oom and g et m y f an, ” she says. T his is t oo m uch f or T om . “ You want a shawl because it will be cold and you want a f an because it will be hot ! ” he says ang r ily. “ Don’t be r idiculous, Mar g ar et ! ” T hey ar e about t o q uar r el, but t hen Mar g ar et r em em ber s t hat t hey have no t im e f or q uar r elling . So she doesn’t answer . She q uick ly g oes t o her r oom and t ak es her f an, and now t hey ar e r eady t o leave t he hot el. But do t hey? No, t hey don’t , because in t hat m om ent Mar g ar et has an idea: She would lik e t o have an ice cr eam bef or e t hey g o. A st r awber r y ice. T om ask s why she want s an ice. And she answer s t hat she is t hir st y. “ And t he next t hing will be t hat you ar e hung r y and want a st eak , ” says T om . “ W ell, I ’m ver y sor r y, but we haven’t enoug h t im e f or eat ing or dr ink ing . I f you want t o g o t o t he t heat r e t his evening , we m ust g o now! So please decide q uick ly: Do you want t o eat , dr ink , sm ok e a cig ar et t e, wash your f ace and hands, put lipst ick on your lips, g o t o t he t heat r e or what ?”

Mar g ar et says t hat of cour se she want s t o g o t o t he t heat r e. But when t hey ar r ive at t he t heat r e, t he f ir st act is alr eady over . T he t heat r e is f ull. T her e ar e only t wo seat s f r ee. T om buys t he t ick et s. T he t wo seat s ar e in a cor ner wher e t hey can see and hear only ver y lit t le. Mar g ar et beg ins t o m ak e a f uss. “ T he next t im e t hat we com e t o t he t heat r e, ” says T om , “ you will beg in t o dr ess t hr ee hour s bef or e t im e. ”
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UNIT

19
Vi ol et Hi l t on

19

Hello! I ’m Violet Hilt on. Do you r em em ber m e? I am t he Scot t ish g ir l f r om G lasg ow t hat wor k s f or an im por t - expor t f ir m . T he g ir l t hat sit s in her r oom all t he evening , and ever y evening , r eading hist or ical novels. W ell, . . . all t hat is over now! I want t o t ell you all about it . So please list en! I have a new f r iend. W e ar e t he sam e ag e, ninet een. He wor k s in m y sam e of f ice. He is so g ood- look ing . And so char m ing ! His nam e is Richar d. I g o out wit h him alm ost ever y evening . W e walk f or hour s and hour s. I f it r ains we use m y um br ella. Lif e is so wonder f ul now! And I ’m so happy! He and I always ag r ee. W e never q uar r el. O h! I love him so m uch! And he is so g ood- look ing ! And so clever ! He hasn’t m uch m oney. And he ear ns ver y lit t le in our of f ice. I ear n ver y lit t le, t oo. im por t ant , is it ? And if we wor k f r om m or ning t o nig ht . . . and if we never wast e any m oney at all, I ’m sur e t hat one day we’ll be r ich. W e ar e so econom ical! W e never g o t o t he cinem a or t o t he t heat r e. W e never g o t o discot heq ues. W e don’t sm ok e. We don’t dr ink . ( W ell, we dr ink wat er , of cour se, and lem onade, cof f ee and t ea. . . but we never dr ink alcohol. ) W e have t he sam e t ast es in all t hing s. I sn’t it wonder f ul? I n our f r ee t im e we g o f or long walk s and t alk about our f ut ur e. But r eally, m oney isn’t ver y

( t urn over)
Carmelo Mangano – http://www.inglesparaespanoles.com – for private or academic use only.

UNIT

19
Vi ol et Hi l t on

20

( cont i nuat i on)

And last m ont h. . . only last m ont h! . . . I was g lad t hat I wasn’t m ar r ied! O h! W hat a st upid g ir l I was. I cannot be t he sam e Violet . But when I say t hat , m y sist er laug hs. But m y br ot her doesn’t laug h; he is wr it ing a new song . T he t it le of t he song is: A Boy and a G ir l. And it is all about m y Richar d and m e! I t ’s a r eally beaut if ul song ! All m y ideas ar e dif f er ent now. For exam ple, m y collect ion of f or eig n st am ps doesn’t int er est m e at all. I never look at it . I shall g ive it t o m y cousin Alber t f or his next bir t hday. I t will be a wonder f ul sur pr ise f or him ! And I shall g ive him a k iss and say, “ Happy bir t hday, lit t le cousin! I sn’t lif e wonder f ul?”

Carmelo Mangano – http://www.inglesparaespanoles.com – for private or academic use only.

UNIT
1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

19
Traduce oralmente. Copia toda la página.

21 Translation

-

G oodbye! I m ust g o t o t he bank . W hy m ust you g o t her e? I m ust g o t her e t o dr aw som e m oney, and t hen I m ust g o t o t he post of f ice t o buy som e st am ps. I ’ll be back at one o’clock .

-

W hat will you do while I ’m out ? I ’ll g o t o t he f r uit shop t o buy som e veg et ables and som e st r awber r ies. . . . . . and t hen I ’ll g o on wit h t he housewor k .

-

At what t im e do you want lunch t oday, Rober t ? At any t im e. W hat f r uit do you want ? Apples, or ang es, bananas? O h, any f r uit ! But which do you pr ef er , Rober t ? O h, don’t m ak e a f uss about not hing ! But I ’m speak ing about your lunch, dear ! W ell, t oday I ’m not hung r y. O h, Rober t ! Per haps you ar e ill! Lydia chang es her opinions so of t en! She is a wom an. All wom en ar e t he sam e. Don’t be r ude! You f or g et t hat I ’m a wom an t oo. O h no! I can never f or g et t hat , because you chang e your opinions ever y half - hour . T hat is t oo m uch! I ’ll never f or g ive you! O h, yes, you will f or g ive m e, because your opinions chang e ver y of t en.

Carmelo Mangano – http://www.inglesparaespanoles.com – for private or academic use only.

UNIT

19

22
Tr ansl at i on

1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. -

Traduce por escrito. Traduce oralmente.
¡Adiós! Debo ir al banco. ¿Por q ué debes ir allí? Debo ir allí ( par a) sacar alg o de diner o, y lueg o debo ir a cor r eos ( par a) com pr ar alg unos sellos. Est ar é de vuelt a a la una. ¿Q ué har ás m ient r as est é f uer a? I r é a la f r ut er ía ( par a) com pr ar alg o de ver dur a y alg unas f r esas. . . . . . y lueg o cont inuar é con las t ar eas dom ést icas. ¿A q ué hor a q uier es el alm uer zo hoy, Rober t ? A cualq uier hor a. ¿Q ué f r ut a q uier es? ¿Manzanas, nar anj as, plát anos? O h, cualq uier f r ut a. ¿Per o cuál pr ef ier es, Rober t ? ¡O h, no ar m es un escándalo por nada! ¡Per o yo est oy hablando de t u alm uer zo, q uer ido! O h, hoy no t eng o ham br e. ¡O h, Rober t ! ¡Q uizás est és enf er m o! ¡Lydia cam bia sus opiniones t an a m enudo! Ella es una m uj er . T odas las m uj er es son las m ism as. ¡No seas g r oser o! T u olvidas q ue yo soy una m uj er t am bién. ¡O h no! Yo no puedo nunca olvidar eso, por q ue t u cam bias t us opiniones cada m edia hor a. ¡Eso es dem asiado! ¡No t e per donar é j am ás! O h, sí, t ú m e per donar ás, por q ue le t us opiniones cam bian m uy a m enudo.

Carmelo Mangano – http://www.inglesparaespanoles.com – for private or academic use only.

UNIT

19

23
Exer ci ses

1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27.

Cont est a a las siguient es pr egunt as: W her e does T om want t o g o? W hy doesn’t Mar g ar et want t o g o wit h him ? W hy does she say t o T om , “ T ak e your r aincoat wit h you” ? I nst ead of g oing f or a walk , wher e does Mar g ar et want t o g o? Bef or e g oing t o t he t heat r e, what does she want t o do? W hy does T om t ell Mar g ar et t o dr ess q uick ly? W hat will happen if t hey ar r ive lat e? W hat does Mar g ar et want t o have bef or e leaving t he hot el? W hat is t her e in t he back of Abel’s house? W hen lunch is not r eady, what does he lik e t o do? W hat does Abel’s f at her say t o him about t he newspaper s and t he m ag azines? How m any st or eys hig h is Debr a’s house? W hat is t her e on t he g r ound f loor ? W hat is t her e on t he f ir st f loor ? W hat does Mr Pag anini ( Abel ’ s f at her ) do in his st udio? W hy do Abel and Debr a call t he at t ic “ T he Casino” ? W hen do t hey slide down t he banist er ? Abel says t hat he is in t r ouble. W hy? W hat t im e has he g ot t he appoint m ent ? W her e does Abel lik e t o k eep his book s? W her e does he lik e t o k eep his r oller sk at es? W hy ar e Abel’s clot hes anot her pr oblem f or him ? W hen Rober t r et ur ns hom e, what does he want t o eat ? Accor ding t o Rober t , is t oo m uch sleep g ood f or Millie? W hy? How m any pair s of shor t s has Mar g ar et g ot ? W hat do you t hink about long hair and ear r ing s f or boys? W hat ar e Abel and his com panions g oing t o wear at t he r ock concer t ?
Carmelo Mangano – http://www.inglesparaespanoles.com – for private or academic use only.

UNIT

19

24
Vocabul ar y

act any appointment to arrive attic back banister to bring back chess closet cloth to come back to come dow n to come in to come out to come up to consider to cover deck chair dirty dow n dow nstairs to dye elephant fine freedom front fuss to give back to go dow n to go in to go out to go up ground floor to hope

Akt eni epØintmEnt tu Eraiv Atik bAk bAnistE tu briN bAk tSi:z klØzit kl؆ tu kúm bAk tu kúm daun tu kúm in tu kúm aut tu kúm úp tu kEsidE tu kúvE dek tSeE dE:ti daun daunsteEz tu dai elifEnt fain fri:dEm frúnt fús tu giv bAk tu gou daun to gou in tu gou aut tu gou úp tu houp

acto cualquier cita llegar ático espalda; parte posterior barandilla devolver ajedrez armario tela volver bajar entrar salir subir considerar cubrir tumbona sucio abajo abajo, la planta inferior teñir elefante bello; bien; magnífico libertad la parte delantera alboroto, escándalo devolver bajar entrar salir subir planta baja esperar (con esperanza)

Carmelo Mangano – http://www.inglesparaespanoles.com – for private or academic use only.

UNIT

19

25
Vocabul ar y

indigo lion luggage to make dirty to matter mess nightmare perhaps to put back rainbow raincoat ready reason to rain seat to see serious shaw l shorts skyscraper to slide sold soon stairs storey there w as there w ere till tiger up until upstairs violet w ardrobe w henever w ig

indigou laiEn lúgidZ tu meik dE:ti to mAtE mes naitmeE pEhAps tu put bAk reinbou reinkout redi ri:zn tu rein si:t tu si: siEriEs SØ:l S Ø:ts skaiskreipE tu slaid sould su:n steEz stØ:ri TeE wØz TeE wE: til taigE úp úntil úpsteEz vaiElit wØ:droub wenevE wig

añil león equipaje ensuciar importar desorden pesadilla quizás, tal vez devolver arco iris impermeabile listo razón llover asiento ver; comprender serio chal pantalones cortos rascacielos resbalar vendido pronto escaleras planta había / hubo había / hubo hasta tigre arriba hasta arriba: el piso de arriba violeta armario cuando quieras peluca

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