SULIT 4551/1 Biologi Kertas 1 Mei 2008 1 jam 15 min SEKTOR SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH BAHAGIAN SEKOLAH KEMENTERIAN

PELAJARAN MALAYSIA PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2008 TINGKATAN 5

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BIOLOGI
Kertas 1 1 Jam 15 Minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU 1. 2. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam Bahasa Inggeris. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman 2.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 25 halaman bercetak.

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INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES

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This question paper consists of 50 questions. Answer all questions. Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet. Blacken only one space for each question. If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have made. Then blacken the space for the new answer. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.

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For Questions 1 to 50, each question is followed by four alternative answers, A, B, C or D. Choose one correct answer for each question and blacken the corresponding space in your objective answer sheet.

1. Diagram below shows the structure of a cell organelle.

Which cell does not posses this organelle? A Guard cell B Spongy mesophyll cell 2 C Epidermal cell D Palisade mesophyll cell

The following statements are about an organelle of a cell.
• Exists freely in the cytoplasm or is attached to the rough

endoplasmic reticulum. • Site of the protein synthesis

What is the organelle? A Vacuole B Nucleus 3 C Golgi body D Ribosome

The diagram shows the liquid composition of the human body.

Which of the following form the internal environment? A P, Q, R B Q, R, S C P, R, S D P, Q, S

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4 Which of the following is a connective tissue? A C

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B

D

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What are the processes involved in the movement of water and mineral ions into root hairs? Water A. D. C. D. Facilitated diffusion Active transport Osmosis Osmosis Mineral ions Osmosis Osmosis Active transport Facilitated diffusion

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Which of the following onion cells were immersed in a hypotonic solution?

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The graph shows the changes in mass of potato strips immersed in different concentrations of sucrose solution.

Based on the above graph which of the following concentrations of sucrose solution should be used so that a flaccid potato strip regains its turgidity? A 1.5 g per 100 ml B 2.5 g per 100 ml 8 C 3.5 g per 100 ml D 4.5 g per 100 ml

A plant cell is immersed in distilled water. Which of the following is true about the movement of the water molecules in the early stage ? A No water molecules are entering or exiting the cell B. The rate of water molecules entering and exiting the cell is the same C. The rate of water molecules entering the cell is higher than exiting the cell D. The rate of water molecules exiting the cell is higher than entering the cell

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9 The diagram shows the molecular structure of three food classes.

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Which food classes do X, Y and Z belong to? X A B C D Carbohydrate Protein Protein Lipid Y Protein Carbohydrate Lipid Carbohydrate Lipid Lipid Carbohydrate Protein Z

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Diagram below shows the rate of enzyme hydrolysis reaction, R and S in the human body.

Which of the following is true about enzymes R and S? Enzyme R Secreted in the stomach The active site changes at pH more than 4 R is trypsin Synthesized in the rough in the endoplasmic reticulum Enzyme S Secreted into the duodenum The active site changes at pH more than 7 S is lipase Synthesized in the smooth endoplasmic reticulum

A B C D

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The diagram below shows the breaking down of complex molecules by an enzyme. Which of the molecules A, B, C and D represents the substrate?

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12 Diagram below shows the phases in the mitotic cell division. Prophase Anaphase

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X

Y

Which of the following the statements is true about the chromosomes at stages X and Y? Stage X A The chromosomes start to shorten and thicken The chromosomes have replicated The chromosomes are at the equator plane The chromosomes form twin chromatids Stage Y The chromosomes form chromatids which move to the opposite poles of the cell The chromosomes start to elongate and not clearly visible The chromosomes are at the opposite poles in the cell The homologous chromosomes are paired

B C D

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The diagram below shows two stages in meiosis.

What is the chromosome behaviour in stage P? A Chromosome condense and thicken B Chromosome arrange themselves around equatorial plane C Homologous chromosome pair together and cross-over occurs D Homologous chromosome separate and move to the opposite poles

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14 The table shows changes in a cell during mitosis. Stage Structure in cell Nucleus membrane Chromosome P Present At cell poles Q Nil Move towards cell Cytoplasm Spindle fibre Divides Nil poles Does not divide Present R Nil At the equator of cell Does not divide Present S Nil

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Randomly distributed in cell Does not divide Present

What are P, Q, R and S? A B C D 15 P Anaphase Metaphase Telophase Prophase Q Metaphase Prophase Anaphase Telophase R Prophase Telophase Metaphase Anaphase S Telophase Anaphase Prophase Metaphase

Diagram shows some of the stages in meiosis process taking place in a diploid cell, 2n = 4.

Which of the following is the correct sequence for the stages? A I, II, III, IV C I, IV, II, III B I, III, IV, II D I, IV, III, II

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Diagram shows part of the human digestive system.

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Which of the following will result if X is removed? A Lipase is not produced B Protein will not be digested C Digestion of fats became slow D Pancreatic juice does not reach the duodenum 17 The diagram below shows a longitudinal section of a villus.

Which of the following nutrients are found in X? I Glucose III Fat A I and II only B III and IV only II Amino acid IV Vitamin D C D I, II and IV only I, II, III and IV

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The diagram shows a human digestive system. Which of the parts A, B, C or D is involved in formation of faeces?

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The diagram shows a child suffering from a disease.

Which of the foods A, B, C or D should be taken often by the child to recover from the disease?

A

C

B

D

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The following equation shows the process of photosynthesis. Sunlight P + Water Q Chlorophyll + R

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What is represented by P, Q and R? P A B C D 21 Glucose Oxygen Carbon dioxide Carbon dioxide Water Glucose Energy Glucose Q Oxygen Carbon dioxide Oxygen Oxygen R

Diagram below is a graph showing the effect of light intensity on the rate of photosynthesis.

Which of the following can be concluded about the rate of photosynthesis between the curves J and K? A B C D. It is limited by the light intensity It is not influenced by the temperature It is limited by the concentration of carbon dioxide It is not influenced by the concentration of carbon dioxide

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The diagram shows a “healthy diet” pyramid.

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Which level of food needs to be taken the most? A Level 1 B Level 2 C Level 3 D Level 4

23 Glucose + Oxygen The above equation shows A aerobic respiration B hydrolysis of glucose C anaerobic respiration D condensation of glucose 24 Which of the following information is true for both photosynthesis and aerobic respiration? A B C D Substrate Condition at which process takes place Cell that carries out the process Products Photosynthesis Water and carbon dioxide Presence of light Cells with chloroplasts Glucose, oxygen and water Aerobic respiration Glucose Absence of light All types of living cells Carbon dioxide, ethanol and energy Carbon dioxide + Water + ATP

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25 Diagram shows an experiment on anaerobic respiration in yeast.

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Which of the following are observed after 30 minutes? X Y Z Lime-water turns cloudy Gas bubbles are released Temperature in thermos-flask increases B Y and Z only D X, Y and Z

A X and Y only C X and Z only 26

Diagram shows the graph of volume of the carbon dioxide taken in or released by a plant in forest at different light intensities.

Which of the following is true about the information obtained from the graph? A At point W, the quantity of carbon dioxide released is zero B At point Y, the quantity of carbon dioxide released is maximum C At point X, the quantities of the intake and the release of carbon dioxide are equal

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D At point Z, the quantities of the intake and the release of carbon dioxide are equal

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The following information shows the results of an experiment to determine the oxygen content in exhaled air using J-tube. Length of exhaled air column Length of exhaled air column after treatment with potassium hydroxide Length oh of exhaled air column after treatment with potassium pyrogallol = 10.0 cm = = 9.6 cm 8.5 cm

The percentage of oxygen content in the exhaled air is A 4.2 % B 8.5 % C 11.0 % D 21.0 %

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The diagram shows gaseous exchange in alveolus.

T

S R
Which of the following is true about blood vessels R, S and T? R A Contains blood with high concentration of oxygen Contains blood with High concentration of oxygen Contains blood with high concentration of carbon dioxide S Allows oxygen to diffuse into the alveolus Allows carbon dioxide to diffuse into the alveolus Allows carbon dioxide to diffuse into the capillary T Contains blood with high concentration of carbon dioxide Contains blood with high concentration of carbon dioxide Contains blood with high concentration of oxygen

B

C

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D Contains blood with high concentration of carbon dioxide Allows oxygen to diffuse into the capillary

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Contains blood with high concentration of oxygen

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Which of the following organisms is a saprophyte?

A

C

D B

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Table shows the results of an experiment to study the population of garden snails in a vegetable farm. Capture First Second Number of garden snails captured 200 were marked 50 marked 80 unmarked

What is the approximate population of the snails in the farm? A 125 B 320 31 C 330 D 520

The following information is related to a process occurring in an ecosystem.

• The pioneer species is replaced by a new species which is more
adapted to the habitat • The process occurs gradually over a long period of time • The process ends with a climax community The process is A colonization B competition C evolution D succession

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Diagram shows part of the nitrogen cycle. Plant protein

Animal protein

Nitrate

Ammonium compound Bacteria X Nitrite

Name bacteria X. A Rhizobium B Lactobacillus 33 C Nitrobacter D Nitrosomonas

Which of the following does not cause water pollution? A Sewage B Carbon dioxide C Excess fertilizers D Industrial waste

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The diagram shows an environment phenomenon.

What is the phenomenon? A Green house effect C Air pollution

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B Ozone depletion 35 D Radiation effect

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The following information is about eutrophication.

P – Algae grow and cover the surface of the lake
Q – The rate of bacteria reproduction increase R – BOD value increase S – Organic fertilizer flows into the lake Which of the following sequences is correct about the eutrophication process? A. B. C. S P S P S Q S Q R R P R Q P R

D. Q 36

The following information shows steps of reactions during the destruction of the ozone layer. P – Chlorine atom reacts with ozone to produce chlorine monoxide and oxygen molecules Q – Free oxygen atom will break the chlorine monoxide bond R – Ultra violet ray breaks the chlorine chemical bond in CFC to produce free chlorine atom S – Free chlorine atom repeats the chain reaction

Which of the following sequences of steps is correct during ozone destruction? A P, R, Q, S B Q, P, R, S C R, P, Q, S D R, Q, P, S

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The diagram shows a sequence in a process carried out by a leukocyte.

What is the process shown? A Lyses B Agglutination

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C Phagocytosis 38 D Neutralisation

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The diagram shows the circulatory system of a fish.

What is organ X? A Lung C Stomach 39 A B Kidney D Heart

Which of the following sequence of blood clotting mechanism is correct?
Prothrombin changes into thrombin Fibrinogen changes into fibrin

Platelets stick to one another

Thromboplastin is released

B
Platelets stick to one another

Thromboplastin is released

Prothrombin changes into thrombin

Fibrinogen changes into fibrin

C
Platelets stick to one another Thromboplastin is released

Fibrinogen changes into fibrin

Prothrombin changes into thrombin

D

Prothrombin changes into thrombin

Thromboplastin is released

Fibrinogen changes into fibrin

Thromboplastin is released

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40 The diagram shows the lymphatic system.

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The role of K is A B. C D 41 to filter lymph and destroy antigens to destroy erythrocytes of more than 120 days old to store fatty acid and glycerol absorbed by the lacteal to get rid of excess tissue fluid thus preventing oedema

Diagram shows a type of plant tissue.

Thickening of cell wall by substance X

What is the importance of the thickening of cell wall by substance X? A B C To give turgidity to the tissue To transfer water and mineral salts To transfer photosynthesis products

D To give support and mechanical strength

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42 Which of the following descriptions is true about blood cells? Blood cell Erythrocyte Platelet Monocytes Neutrophil

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A B C D 43

Description Biconcave in shape to enable the change of shape while passing through the blood capillary Without nucleus and involved in the blood clotting mechanism Produced in the bone marrow and produce antibodies to destroy pathogens Without granules and destroy pathogens by phagocytosis

The diagram shows a human lumbar vertebra.

What is the function of X and Y in the figure? A Protection for spinal cord B Surfaces for rib articulation C Surfaces for vertebral joints D Surfaces for muscle attachment

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The diagram shows the structure of a human forearm.

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What happens to the parts P, Q, R and S which cause the arm to be in the position as shown in the diagram? P Relaxes Contracts Relaxes Contracts Q Contracts Relaxes Contracts Relaxes R Is pushed downwards Is pushed downwards Is pulled upwards Is pulled upwards S Is pushed downwards Is pushed downwards Is pulled upwards Is pulled upwards

A B C D 45

The diagram shows human bones.

P

Q

R

S

Which bones are parts of the axial skeleton? A P and S C P, Q and R 46 B Q and R D Q, R and S

Which of the following neurons transmits the impulse from the receptor to the central nervous system?

A

B

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C

D

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What is the function of the axon of an afferent neuron? A To carry impulse towards the cell body B To speed up the conduction of impulse C To carry impulse away from the cell body D To release neurotransmitter in the synaptic cleft

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48 Diagram shows how glucose changes to glycogen in the human body.

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Increases

High glucose level

Hormone P

Normal glucose level

Normal glucose level

Reduced Low glucose level

Hormone Q

Which of the following represent hormones P and Q? Hormone P Insulin Glucagon Adrenaline Thyroxine Hormone Q Glucagon Insulin Insulin Adrenaline

A B C D

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A child ran very fast when chased by a fierce dog.

Which of the following reactions occur in the child’s body? I II III IV Metabolic rate increases Rate of heart beat increases Body temperature decreases Blood glucose level increases B III and IV only D II, III and IV only

A I and III only C I, II and IV only 50

Figure shows the pathway of an impulse in a reflex arc.

Which statement is true in the figure? A N causes the finger to react B The rate of impulse transmission through K increases C J receives an impulse direct from L and carries it to N D L transmits the impulse to M from the central nervous system

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