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This question paper consists of two questions. Answer all the questions. Write your answers for Question 1 in the spaces provided in the question paper Show your working, it may help you to get marks If you wish to cancel any answer, neatly cross out the answer. The diagrams in the questions are not drawn to scale unless stated. Marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in brackets The time suggested to complete Question 1 is 45 minutes You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator Hand in this question paper at the end of the examination.

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Marks awarded Score 3 2 1 0 Description Excellent: The best response Satisfactory: an average response Weak: An inaccurate response No response or wrong response

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Answer all questions.

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Question 1 1. An experiment was carried out to investigate the water pollution level or BOD in three different locations from a suspected polluted River Indah. Three water samples are collected from these three locations and labelled as P, Q and R as in Diagram 1. 200 ml of each sample is put in a reagent bottle and added with 1 ml of 0.1% methylene blue. All the bottles are kept in dark cupboard. Observations are made every minute to see the changes in the methylene blue colour.

Sample P

Sample Q

Sample R

Diagram 1 Table 1 shows the results of this experiment. Water sample Time taken for for methylene blue become colourless P Q

Each sample is added with methylene blue

R

Table 1

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Base on the Diagram 1 and 2 answer all questions: 1(a)(i) State two observations on the time taken in this experiment. Observation 1 ………………………………………………………………………………..……………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. Observation 2 1(a)(i) ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. [3 marks] (a)(ii) State one inference for each observation made in (a) (i). Inference for observation 1 ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. Inference for observation 2 ………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………. [3 marks] Record the time taken for each sample to become colourless in the boxes provided in table 1. [3 marks] Construct a table and record all the data collected in this experiment based on the following criteria: 1(a)(ii)

(b)(i)

1(b)(i)

(b)(ii)

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Water sample Time taken

1(b)(ii)

(b)(iii)

[3 marks] What is the relationship between time taken, oxygen concentration and BOD level

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………………………………………………………………………………………….……. ………………………………………………………………………………………….……. …………………………………………………………………………………………….…. 1(b)(iii) ………………………………………………………………………………………….……. [3 marks] (c) Complete Table 2 based on this experiment. Variables Manipulated variable ....……………….…….… ……………………….…. Method to handle the variable …………………………………………………… …………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………

Responding variable …………………………………………………… ……....…………………… …………………………………………………… ………………….………. …………………………………………………… Fixed variable ……....…………………… ……………………..……. …………………………………………………… …………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………… Table 2 [3 marks] (d) State the hypothesis for this experiment. …………….…………………………………………………………………………..……. 1(d) ………………………………………………………………………….…………….…….. ………………………………………………………………………….………………….. [3 marks]

1(c)

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State the relationship between the time taken and water pollution. …………….………………………………………………………………………….……. …………….…………………………………………………………………………….…. ………………………………………………………………………….………………….. 1(e)

(f)

[3 marks] Based on the result from this experiment, what can be deduced about BOD? …………….…………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………….………………..…..1(f) ………………………………………………………………………….………………….... [3 marks]

(g)

This experiment is repeated by using water sample from chicken farm areas. Predict the time taken for methelyne blue to become colourless. …………….…………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………….………….........….. [3 marks] 1(g)

(f)

Arrange the water samples from the most polluted to the least polluted. …………….…………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………….………….........… [3 marks] 1(f)

[33 marks]

QUESTION 2

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A group of students carried out a field work study to determine the population size of two plants species Mimosa pudica and Imperata cylindrica in the school field by using the quadrat sampling technique. Figure 2a and 2b shows how the technique was used using a quadrat of 1m x 1m.
1m

1m

Figure 2a

Figure 2b

Based on the above information, design an experiment to study how the population size of plant species Mimosa pudica and Imperata cylindrica can be determined in your school field. Your experimental planning should include the following aspects: • • • Statement of the identified problem Objective of the study. Variables. Statement of the hypothesis. List of materials and apparatus. Technique used. Experimental procedure. . Presentation of data. Conclusion [17 marks] END OF THE QUESTION PAPER


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