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Summer Issue 2019, Volume 45, Issue 2

A Bit of VNLA History - 1964-2005 page 4

VNLA GMHH Volunteer Project page 8

Garden Jewels of1Mount Desert Island page 20

Horsford Gardens & Nursery
Ashley Robinson 2111 Greenbush Road BUDGET AND FINANCE
Ashley Robinson Landscape Designer Charlotte, VT 05445 COMMITTEE CHAIR
PO Box 28 802-425-2811 Nate Carr - Church Hill Landscapes, Inc.
Charlotte, VT 05445 802.425.5222
21 Densmore Drive #21 Ashley Robinson, Landscape Designer
VICE-PRESIDENT Essex Junction, VT 05452 802.922.1924
Fairfax Perennial Farm, Inc. Gabriel Bushey - Crafted Landscapes, LLC
7 Blackberry Hill Road Sarah Salatino 802.233.8551
Fairfax, VT 05454 Full Circle Gardens
802.849.2775 68 Brigham Hill Road MARKETING & EDUCATION Essex, VT 05452 COMMITTEE CHAIR
802-879-1919 Ashley Robinson, Landscape Designer


Nate Carr
VT Urban & Community Forestry Program Hannah Decker - Fairfax Perennial Farm
Church Hill Landscapes, Inc.
Department of Forests, Parks & Recreation 802.849.2775
287 Church Hill Road
Technical Assistance Coordinator
Charlotte, VT 05445
Essex Junction, VT 05452 Sarah Salatino - Full Circle Gardens
802-522-6015 802.879.1919
Crafted Landscapes, LLC Marlys Eddy - Vermont Technical College
176 South Maple Street Kristina MacKulin 802.728.1207
Vergennes, VT 05491 VNLA/Green Works
Toll Free: 888.518.6484 Nate Carr - Church Hill Landscapes, Inc.
Marlys Eddy 802.425.5222
Vermont Technical College P: 802.425.5117; F: 802.425.5122
PO Box 500
Randolph Center, VT 05061

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tary Bo
The Ro

PRESIDENT’S LETTER Ashley Robinson, Landscape Designer

this issue
Board of Directors 2

The President’s Letter 3

The Buzz 4
A Bit of VNLA History -
1964-2005/ Part One
Dear Fellow VNLA Members & Friends,
VNLA Twilight Gatherings
I hope by now, the hectic pace of spring has subsided to perhaps a still busy, but not head-spinning
pace. Regardless, summer is here and as always in Vermont, can feel fleeting. So any chance you get VPOC -Green Mountain
to relax and soak up the moment, I hope you take and enjoy. Habitat for Humanity
Fall Project
My version of taking time out, turned into a bigger adventure than planned. I am currently dog- With Deep Sadness
sitting, so thought a walk in the woods would do us both some good. We headed out as we’ve done
Calendar of Events
before up a wooded trail happy to be out of the blazing hot sun. Tico, the dog, bounding through the
woods, weaving in and out of sight, but always returning to view, was clearly having fun. And I Leonard’s Clippings 11
enjoyed watching the carefree runs and quick turns he takes to investigate new, intriguing smells. It
was quiet, but for the slight jingle of his collar, which thankfully he had, as that was my GPS. The Lab 14
Observations from
UVM Diagnostic Lab
I could go on about how lovely and enchanting these nature trails can be tucked into places
unexpected, but think you can envision them well. The truly unexpected came when I found myself Vermont Pesticide Rules
knee deep in mucky water, surrounded by cattails yelling “Tico” over and over. All I could see were
The Idea Factory 19
reeds moving and the occasional black tail wagging fiercely. This was not the kind of ‘relaxing and
Tips, Trends, Food for
soaking up of the moment” I had hoped for.
Thought . . .

But there I was, and yet found myself inquisitive about this nature around me. This wetland Garden Jewels of Mount
flora and fauna, had me intrigued. Imagine how dynamic this ecosystem. Tico knew, but I realized we Desert Island
were both intruding. Happy to say, I finally managed to reach for the collar and pull us both out from
Strictly Business 23
the jungle. Top Ten Tips to Better
Know Your Business’
My point is, discovery. Our landscapes bring us curiosity, and wonderment among a million other Business
things. This gratitude and curiosity, quest for preservation and a look into the ecology of landscape Member Profile -
practices is all about Larry Weaner’s approach. We are lucky to have him as our keynote speaker for Red Wagon Plants
the Summer Meeting on August 1st. I hope and look forward to seeing you all there!
The Plant Lounge 26
Wait! What? Since When
You are also encouraged, to SPREAD THE WORD!! Not only about our gatherings and meetings, but
are Shade Gardens
the VNLA in general. Word of mouth is the way to do it. Nothing speaks louder than shared Boring?!
experiences and relationships. We all know the importance of community to help grow our business,
so let’s help grow our VNLA!

Speaking of getting involved, the Volunteer Project Outreach Committee is working on another
project with Green Mountain Habitat for Humanity on a site in Milton. The committee is gearing up
for installation this fall, so please consider participating. For more information contact me!
Cover Photo: by Dick Conrad.
Asticou Gardens, Mt. Desert
Until next time,
Island, ME. Raked paths
culminate at the Great Pond
surrounded by elegant evergreens
and azaleas. See the article on
Ashley page 19 by Judith Irven.

the low down on what’s up!

A Bit of VNLA History - 1964 - 2005 / Part One

by Kristina MacKulin and Dr. Norman Pellett
In 2005, Dr. Norman Pellett undertook the 1960’s regarding the possibility of a
plantsmen’s organization.
Association, 2 p.m. in Horticultural Hall,
Municipal Auditorium, Barre, Vermont, in
task of writing the “History of the Vermont
Dr. Flint, wrote the following regarding the conjunction with the Vermont Farm Show.
Association of Professional Horticulturists
organization in the September, 1963 issue Primary business: Election of officers and
(formerly The Vermont Plantsmen’s
of Green Mountain Grower, an Extension discussion of projects. To date 40 members
Association) from 1964 to 2005. In 2008
Publication for the plant industry: have pledged dues for 1964. If you haven’t
the Association adopted our current name:
“At the 1963 Plantsmen’s Day, held August returned your pledge card, join this
the Vermont Nursery & Landscape
15, a committee was formed from the floor organization by doing it now.”
Association. We keep making history!
to develop a commercial and professional
plantsmen’s organization in Vermont. This The History of The Vermont
The Association is 55 years old this year
organization could include such persons as Plantsmen, by Lewis Hill.
and I think the name changes over these
past years reflects the evolution of where commercial growers of ornamental plants Lewis Hill of Greensboro wrote the
the Association is today. and flowers, professional grounds following article in the 1991 winter issue of
maintenance personnel and suppliers and The Dirt, News Quarterly for The Vermont
While we are always thinking about where others with related interests. Plantsmen’s Association, Inc.:
we are headed next I thought it would be The committee consists of George Brady, “In the early 1960’s a small group of
worthwhile to take a look back on how the John Chapin, Albert Chappell, Neil Frink Vermont nurserymen began to discuss the
Association was formed and why, as the (chairman), Dana Halladay, H. Parks need for a statewide organization. Vermont
VNLA continues to strive to be a vibrant Holcomb and Dorothy Martinetti. This already had dairy, sheep, poultry, apple,
organization for its members and committee and two acting members, George maple, beekeeper, potato and other
supporters. Mitchell and Rodney Trevett, met August agricultural groups. Even several floral
29, will meet again September 26 and plan producers, such as the gladiolus growers,
Below are some excerpts from Dr. Pellett’s to have proposals as to Constitution and met regularly.
“history”. This will be Part One and Part By-Laws ready for action at the general
Two will be continued in the next issue of After three or four preliminary gatherings,
organizational meeting to be held
The Dirt, formerly called The Potting Bench. with the help of Harrison Flint,
November 10 in Burlington in conjunction
You can also read the full, unabridged Ornamental Horticulturist with the UVM
with the 14th Annual Chrysanthemum
version of this history on the VNLA Extension Service and several officials from
Show of the Commercial Flower Growers of
website. the Vermont Department of Agriculture,
the growers composed a set of bylaws and
Possible member benefits of such an a statement of purpose. They held their
The Beginning Years
organization, as outlined by the committee, first official meeting at the Vermont Farm
include group action toward desirable Show in February, 1964, in the Barre
The Vermont Plantsmen’s Association
legislation, group insurance, group quantity auditorium. Because of the lack of space,
(VPA) was incorporated by the State of
purchasing and shipping, product and since no one took the new group very
Vermont on March 10, 1964 as a non-profit
promotion, consumer education, and seriously, they were assigned a small room
organization. The plant industry in
generally better communication among under the stage in the auditorium.
Vermont has matured in the 40-year
plantsmen, especially concerning available
existence of the Association. The VPA has
surpluses. The committee is most anxious Some thirty nursery growers, greenhouse
developed along with it. It started when
to have additional comment from would-be operators, and landscapers met in the hot,
Fred Abbey, originator and owner of
members of such an organization.” crowded quarters that day to listen to the
Gardenside Nursery in Shelburne, and Dr.
Harrison Flint, Extension Ornamental plans of the organizers. They adopted the
Notice of the First Meeting Appearing
Horticulturist at the University of Vermont following statement of purpose: ‘The object
in the Green Mountain Grower:
when they had discussions in the early of this organization shall be for the
January 28, 1964 - “The first annual purpose of improving the condition of
meeting of Vermont Plantsmen’s floriculture and ornamental horticulture,
and to help beautify the state with plants, organized field trips to other New England the University of Vermont College of
through promotion, education, legislation, states and to Canada, and began to hold Agriculture to attend and speak at
mutual benefits, and information of public twilight summer meetings at growers’ meetings.
interest’. places of business. Meetings attracted
exhibitors of both nursery plants and Dick was well organized and resourceful.
Most of the officers elected that day were He didn’t hesitate to ask growers to join or
related products, and these added interest
growers who had been active in getting the members to participate often resorting to
to the gatherings as well as financial help.
association started. They were Fred strong persuasion that didn’t always sit
The Blue Cross/Blue Shield insurance
Abbey, president; Lewis Hill, Greensboro, well with others. He insisted that annual
service, successfully managed by first,
vice president; Richard Salter, Reading, meetings be held where liquor and a good
Richard Salter, then Mary West for many
executive secretary; and Richard Stevens, meal were served. He retired as Executive
years, also attracted new members.
Springfield, treasurer. The executive Director in 1983. Dick specialized in
committee consisted of H. Parks Holcomb, Summer meetings at Lake Champagne (in growing high quality geraniums and
Marlboro; Marvin Carley, Brattleboro; and Randolph Center) allowed members to bedding plants at Salter’s Greenhouse in
Grace Clark of Bristol. After much enjoy Phil Hodgdon’s famous barbecues Reading. He died one month short of his
discussion, the name Vermont Plantsmen’s and offered a chance for members to get 100th birthday on August 15, 2000. Perhaps
Association was chosen (feminists had not together, picnic and swap ideas and his enjoyment of a martini before lunch
yet become active). To counteract the plants. The group also sponsored bus and smoking a cigar after lunch shortened
unpleasant dealings, the public had tours to nurseries and display gardens in his life.
experienced with unscrupulous nursery New England and Canada. The spring
salesmen and landscapers during the first flower show grew from small gatherings in Highlights of the Past
half of the century, the group composed Barre to many large, colorful exhibits in
Changes in the VPA (now, the VAPH) have
and adopted a code of ethics for their Burlington malls and also included
reflected the trends in Vermont and the
members. educational lectures.”
ornamental horticulture industry. The total
As with other statewide organizations, the First Executive Secretary value of goods and services provided by the
mileage from Newport to Brattleboro industry has greatly increased since the
Richard (Dick) Salter of Reading, the first
didn’t make it easy for the members to get founding of the organization in 1964. Many
Executive Secretary serving for twenty
together often, so the winter meeting was florists produced some of their own cut
years, was largely responsible for the
the main one held for many years. The flowers and flowering pot plants in
management and programs of the Vermont
varied interests of the members sometimes greenhouses in the 1960’s. The educational
Plantsmen’s Association. Dick wrote and
caused problems too. Landscapers felt they programs for members included more
distributed the newsletter named The
had little in common with greenhouse information of interest to these growers.
Potting Bench. He instituted advertising by
growers, and greenhouse growers claimed This was followed in the late 60’s and 70’s
members and others in the publication to
different challenges from those of nursery by tremendous growth and sales of foliage
help defray the cost. He managed the
growers. plants and gardening items as part of the
finances, scheduled the meetings,
green revolution. The number of businesses
During those early years the group became contacted the speakers and kept the
selling plants and garden related supplies
better organized and grew rapidly during organization on track. He managed a Blue
and equipment grew rapidly.
the 1960’s and 1970’s when several other Cross/Blue Shield Health Insurance
plant oriented groups joined. Speakers Program for members and employees
As the population of Vermont grew over the
tended to discuss mostly plant families, collecting premiums, filing claims
40 years of the organization, many people
propagation and culture, with topics such and keeping the records which allowed the
moved into the state from other parts of
as fertilizers, pest control, new varieties, as organization’s members low-cost health
the country where lawns and landscape
well as reports of experimental programs insurance.
plantings were more popular. People
taking place at the University of Vermont.
became interested in using a greater variety
New fertilizers and chemicals for insect, Dick helped organize and manage the
of plants in their landscapes. Not only did
disease and weed control were being annual flower shows held in various sites
the interest in membership in the VPA
introduced rapidly, and many of the topics including the Barre Auditorium, St.
increase among Vermont plant
dealt with their use. Membership increased Monica’s School in Barre, the Armory in
professionals, but suppliers from nearby
as it became increasingly important for Berlin, and the Burlington Auditorium. Dick
states joined as associate members. An
growers to keep informed, and both the represented the VPA on the Board of
increasing number of national nurseries
meetings and newsletter, The Potting Directors of the New England Greenhouse
and suppliers have sought customers in
Bench, helped accomplish this. Conference where he served as Hospitality
Vermont by joining the organization and
Chairperson many times. He invited and
Under the guidance of later Extension participating in the trade shows.
strongly encouraged the various Vermont
Horticulturists, first Norman Pellett, and
Secretaries of Agriculture and the Deans of
presently, Leonard Perry, the group To be continued in the next issue ............

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Earn your associate degree in

Landscape Contracting.

or contact admissions at (800) 442-8821.

Small College. Big Outcomes.

VNLA Twilight Gatherings Recap
by Kristina MacKulin
Our June 19, 2019 a grounds and the building were beautiful and I highly
encourage you to stop by and take a stroll through the
twilight gathering
was a garden tour at
the Vermont Zen
Center in Shelburne,
VT. It was very well
attended, considering
it began with some
rain but by the end of
the tour the rain had
cleared away.

The Vermont Zen

Center was founded
in 1988 with goals of
providing a peaceful On July 16, 2019, a beautiful summer evening and
environment for the luckily before the heat spell hit, John Padua of Cobble
study and practice of Creek Nursery greeted over 20 people for a tour of the
Zen Buddhism. nursery as well as a Plant ID Refresher course. John
shared his many years of knowledge and expertise on
Our tour was led by growing and identifying plants.
the volunteer
Our next gathering will be on September 17, 2019
gardeners who take
responsibility for when we take a tour of the Green Mountain Compost
their own portions of facility. We hope you can join us us!
this landscape. The Vermont Zen Center and gardens are open
to the public and they offers a schedule of daily sittings,
intensive meditation periods, classes, ceremonies, public
events and more. They also offer retreats and workshops. The
group was also given a tour of the center itself. Both the

Get Certified in 2019!

Don’t delay and
order your study
manual today!

VNLA members and friends enjoy the VT Zen Center gardens (photos on
left); Cobble Creek Nursery tour (above photos).

The VNLA Volunteer Project Outreach Committee
Green Mountain Habitat for Humanity - Fall Project!
by Ashley Robinson
Hi Folks! Here is an update with the latest We can’t make this happen without the help of
developments from the VPOC desk. many hands. SO we’re starting to gather a list of
materials and will be asking for volunteers to help
The Committee is honing in on a final plan
with the installation slated for Thursday
for 24 Railroad Street, Milton and it will
October 3, 2019.
be on view at the Summer Meeting and
Trade Show on August 1st. The
One of the greatest feelings is being able to
construction team with Green Mountain
participate in projects for the benefit of our
Habitat For Humanity has been working on
community. Our success and future is dependent
the house. Together with homeowner Above: Isaiah Carbonneau, Hannah Kilburn, on participation, on whatever level! For more
participation, they’re nearing the end. Austin Turco, Ashley Robinson and Pamelia
information, or to be added to the list of
Final grading is in the works and our Smith at the VTC design review.
Below: The GMHH Milton site. committee members actively involved, please
committee has had some input.
contact me: or
Recently the committee gathered to review
plans and the work of three VTC Meanwhile, if you think you have materials to
Landscape Design students: Hannah donate (plants, stone, lumber, soil etc) or ways to
Kilburn, Isaiah Carbonneau & Austin contribute, please let us know! A list of
Turco. The final plan and ultimate materials will be available at the Summer
landscape installation will be the result of Meeting August 1 and we will also be posting it
impressive collaborative efforts among on our website. Please consider a contribution
students, committee members, and YOU! and THANK YOU!!

With Deep Sadness . . .
It is with deep sadness that I share the in 1964.  They made their home in Fairfield,
CT until moving to Thetford Center in 1967.   
Sandy Anderson

news of Elmer C. Brown’s passing. Elmer Alexander ‘Sandy’

Upon arriving in Thetford, they established Anderson, energetic
founded E.C. Brown’s Nursery in Thetford
E.C. Browns' Nursery which he continued to force passed away on
Center in 1967. He was president of the
be active in until very recently. Elmer was April 30, 2019. In
VNLA (back then the VPA) from 1972-73
able to share his life-long passion for 1952, 10-year-old
and was a long-time member and supporter
horticulture with Upper Valley residents Sandy emigrated from
of our Association.
through the nursery and his designs and Scotland with his
It is also with deep sadness that I share the plants grace countless locations as a result. parents Alexander
news of Sandy Anderson’s passing. Sandy He was particularly touched by the (Alec) and Janet B
owned and ran Mill Brook Bonsai until outpouring of well wishes from the (Jenny) Anderson and
closing up shop and retiring to Florida in community he so loved during his recent his brothers David and John B. He said he
recent years. Sandy was also a long-time 92’nd birthday when he received hundreds complained all the way that no one had
member and supporter of the VNLA and was of birthday greetings. consulted him about this move! Quickly, he
instrumental in the move of the Vermont   came to love his new country, where
Elmer loved to sing, particularly barbershop
Flower Show to the Champlain Valley Expo. rationing was over. Here, there was ice
harmony.  He was a founding member of the
cream, bubble gum, fishing, & fancy cars.
Elmer and Sandy’s contributions to the North Country Chordsmen chapter of
horticulture industry in Vermont goes SPEBSQSA in the Upper Valley, sang in After graduation from high school at 16, he
without saying. They touched many lives numerous quartets, and sang in the church joined the Coast Guard. Sadly, his color
and will deeply be missed. Following are choir.  He was a member of the Thetford blindness made him ineligible to continue.
excerpts from their obituaries. Volunteer Fire Department serving as At 18, he went to work at IBM
Captain and Assistant Chief. Elmer was also Poughkeepsie. At 21, he was the youngest to
Elmer C. Brown instrumental in organizing Thetford's FAST make manager. During his career, he went
Squad and served as an EMT for many years.  from feeding metal filaments into
Elmer C. Brown, 92, died at home with his He served as Trustee of the Timothy Frost microchips by hand to traveling
family on Friday May 3, 2019. Church and Thetford Academy and was also internationally, coaching semiconductor
  a member and past president of the Vermont companies in Taiwan and Singapore in
He was born
Plantsman Association. Elmer was an avid inventory control. After his retirement, his
April 9, 1927
skier, skiing into his 80’s and was active in analytical mind was always ready to tackle a
in North
the Ford-Sayre Ski Program including new set of data for local businesses and even
Troy, VT a
serving on it's council as well as delivering political campaigns.
son of Leo
and Mildred ski equipment for the Thetford School After 36 years at IBM he decided to retire
(Currier) students for over 35 years to Dartmouth and open a business growing, selling and
Brown.  Skiway. teaching Bonsai. He was well known for
Elmer grew   sharing this love. His many other interests
He is survived by his wife of 55 years, Bertha
up in the included fishing, bird watching and after his
of Thetford Center; sons Kevin Brown and
Northeast recent move to Mount Dora, Florida,
wife Robin of North Thetford, VT and Kirk
Kingdom of Vermont, graduating from searching for alligators.
Brown and wife  Karen of Ellicott City, MD;
Lyndon Institute in 1945.  He then served in grandchildren Connor, Lily, Rachael, Patrick Pancreatic cancer is a horrendous disease
the Marine Corps during World War II.  After and Adam as well as several nieces and and robbed us much too soon of a vital,
his honorable discharge, Elmer attended nephews. He was predeceased by two energetic force for good.
New England College in Henniker, NH, brothers Carlton and Edwin and a sister He met and married Trudy, his life partner, at
earning a degree in Botany in 1950.  Frances Merchant. 24. He and Trudy celebrated 50+ years of
Following his graduation he began his   marriage. Their three children, Sara
nearly 70 year career in the landscape A memorial service was held at the United
Anderson Youngman, Joshua S. Anderson
nursery business, first at the Henry Field Church of Thetford in North Thetford on and Janet Katherine Anderson, will miss him
Seed and Nursery in Shenandoah, Iowa and Sunday May 19, 2019. Contributions in his very much. Sara’s spouse, Kipp Youngman,
later at Johnson’s Nursery in Fairfield, CT.  memory may be made to North Country and children: Sabrina, Vanessa, Dezirae, and
Elmer was married to Marjorie Parker of Chordsmen PO Box 474 Hanover NH, 03755 Kipp, Jr. were much a part of his life. He
Norwich, VT in 1953 and they started a or Bayada Hospice PO Box 1590 Norwich, loved to cheer them on at sports events.
family by adopting twin boys in 1961. After VT, 05055. A gathering of family and friends was held
Marjorie's death in 1962,  Elmer married on July 13. Condolences can be sent to Trudy
Bertha Cook of Norwich, VT Anderson at

August 13-14, 2019 September 16, 2019 October 29, 2019 January 9-10, 2020
New Directions in the Montreal Botanical ELA Webinar: Climate Chnage 31st Annual Landscape
American Landscape 2 Day Garden Tour and its Effects on Trees and Symposium
Intensive Design Workshop Green Mountain Horticulture Their Relationships to Insects New Directions in the
Staten Island, NY Tours/VNLA 12:30-1:30 pm American Landscape Dr. Leonard Perry Bryn Mawr College
events/ PO Box 735 list/? Bryn Mawr, PA
Milton, VT 05468 tribe_paged=2&tribe_event_displ
September 5-6, 2019 802-318-8453 ay=list events/
New Directions in the
American Landscape 2 Day CNtour19an.pdf November 14, 2019 January 16-17, 2020
Intensive Design Workshop VT Dept. of Environmental 31st Annual Landscape
Staten Island, NY September 17, 2019 Conservation Watershed Symposium VNLA Twilight Gathering Management Division New Directions in the
events/ Green Mountain Compost Natural Shoreland Erosion American Landscape
Facility Tour - 6:30 - 8pm Control Certification Program Connecticut College
September 7, 2019 Williston, VT New London, CT
In Celebration of Trees w/ watershed/lakes-ponds/
Dr. Michael Dirr lakeshores-lake-wise/nsecc events/
UMASS Amherst October 2, 2019
VNLA Twilight Gathering February 13, 2020
Amherst, MA Oliver Seed Company VNLA Winter Meeting &
events/in-celebration-of-trees- Facility Tour - 6:30-8pm Trade Show
with-dr-michael-dirr Milton, VT UVM Davis Center Burlington, VT 05401

Cobble Creek Nursery, LLC

W e grow a diverse selection of

B&B trees and shrubs at our
nursery in Monkton, Vermont. We
offer shade trees, ornamental trees,
flowering shrubs and dwarf conifers.
At Cobble Creek Nursery we are known
for quality Vermont Grown plants,
exceptional service and extensive
woody plant knowledge. Stop by for
a visit or give John a call for more

John Padua
991 Tyler Bridge Road, Bristol, VT 05443
phone/fax: 802-453-3889 / e-mail:

by Dr. Leonard Perry, UVM Horticulture Professor Emeritus

Some recent facts and highlights interim internal Dean is being sought.
Also as mentioned in a previous issue,
bee colonies to the UVM Catamount Farm
for research and education (and
from UVM:
Extension was folded back into the College pollination too!). Thanks to CVA and Plant
over a year ago, similar to the 1980’s and and Soil Science, UVM will be offering the
• UVM’s Sustainable Innovation
before, and after being a separate unit first beekeeping course to students in over
MBA has been ranked the top
since. The transition of deciding who is 50 years!
green MBA in the country.
doing what is still underway.
• In FY2018, $136 million in
PSS PhD student Alissa White and former
sponsored funding was awarded to
In Plant and Soil Science Department grad student Lily Calderwood were tapped
UVM faculty.
News: for their expertise on climate change and
• The Huffington Post has rated
farming in the
UVM among the top 10 best places
For ECHO’s Leahy Center NYTimes
to go to college.
for Lake Champlain new (
Energy Commons, ECHO 2019/04/30/dining/
In other UVM News, lots of
wanted to demonstrate farming-climate-
administrative changes:
green design techniques for change.html)
stormwater The Gund Institute for
management. UVM’s Environment at UVM
Stephanie Hurley, Associate announced $200,000 in
Professor of landscape Gund Catalyst Award seed
design who does research grants for five
on green stormwater interdisciplinary teams—
infrastructure, designed a three having PSS faculty.
series of “bioretention”
rain gardens to surround Stephanie Hurley (Plant
ECHO’s newly paved and Soil Science) will use
parking lot. iconic urban farms in
As reviewed in the last Dirt, Dr. Suresh Italy to explore sustainable agricultural
Garimella became UVM’s 27th This type of green infrastructure slows, design and planning. Working with UVM
president, effective July 1, 2019. He stores, and filters stormwater runoff and and Italian colleagues, Hurley will
was most recently Executive Vice acts as a buffer between the parking area investigate the design and benefits – both
President for Research and and Lake Champlain. They are planted ecological and social – of historic urban
Partnerships and the Goodson with various species of native vegetation farms to understand and inform future
Distinguished Professor of Mechanical that can tolerate both wet and dry site urban agricultural projects that are
Engineering at Purdue University. conditions. One system includes a dry culturally-engaging, environmentally
After six years, Provost David river bed design feature to evoke the sustainable, and stand the test of time. 
Roskowsky has stepped down. natural systems that green infrastructure
Effective on April 15, Dean of the seeks to emulate in the built environment. Yolanda Chen (Plant and Soil Science)
College of Nursing and Health and Dan Tobin (CDAE) will study farmers’
Sciences Patricia Prelock was PSS Professor Deb Neher was an invited use of traditional and hybrid crop
appointed Interim Provost and Senior speaker at the 36th Brazilian Congress of varieties, and the impacts of these
Vice President. Nematology, Caldas Novas, Goiás, Brazil, decisions on insect and microbe
May 26-30 2019. Her talk: "Nematode biodiversity. Working with UVM and
As mentioned in a previous Dirt, CALS communities as ecological indicators of international partners in historically
Dean Vogelmann stepped down, ecosystem health”. significant regions in Mexico, the team
effective the end of June. A national will explore farmers’ motivations for
search for a replacement was Champlain Valley Apiaries is collaborating conserving traditional “landrace” crop
unsuccessful, so (as of this writing) an with University of Vermont to bring honey seeds, which can influence biodiversity

and reduce farmers’ reliance on water, nature are beneficial. If you’re indoors, and rainfall patterns. These can be used
fertilizer and pesticide inputs. having a view of your yard as opposed to for centuries prior to weather data. “The
facing the wall, that makes a difference. At rings are thinner in years when it's dry and
Eric von Wettberg (Plant and Soil the same time, more is better. That’s one may not grow at all in stressful conditions
Science) and Travis Reynolds (CDAE) of the things that gives us more like drought …This is the first study to
will study seed and crop diversity confidence that we’re seeing a real cause- provide historical evidence connecting
among refugee farmers in Vermont. and-effect relationship. The bigger the human-generated emissions and drought
The team will explore seed access and dose of nature we give a person,
genetic diversity, and their effects on the bigger the effect we see in
adaption to Vermont’s changing them.” (Science Daily, Mar.12,
climate, farmer livelihoods, and 2019)
nitrogen and water use.  Just 20 Minutes with Natural
Elements Lowers Stress. 
In the last Dirt I mentioned our day
bus tour on September 16 to the University of Michigan
Montreal Botanical Gardens and researchers came out with a
Chinese lanterns display, a study (Frontiers of Psychology,
collaboration of myself and your April) that found that just 20
association. minutes of exposure to nature
CNtour19an.pdf). Last year I thought significantly reduces cortisol
most had probably gone, so I might levels. (
skip a year. Due to requests I offered releases/ Photo courtesy of
it, and we ended up with two buses! 2019/04/190404074915.htm) [in
So this year I wondered if there would addition to that in Green Talks…
at near-global scales between 1900 and
be much interest. As of this writing 20 to 30 minutes showed the greatest
2005…All the models are projecting that
mid-July, we once again have added a increase in de-stressing.] “Our study
you should see unprecedented drying
second bus, and only have 15 seats shows that for the greatest payoff, in
soon, in a lot of places…Many of the areas
left. terms of efficiently lowering levels of the
expected to dry out are centers of farming,
stress hormone cortisol, you should spend
and could become permanently arid. The
20 to 30 minutes sitting or walking in a
human consequences of this, particularly
place that provides you with a sense of
drying over large parts of North America
nature.” The study “provides the first
and Eurasia, will likely be severe, the study
estimates of how nature experiences
said.” (USA Today, 5/1/19) My take on this
impact stress levels in the context of
—perhaps we should be thinking more
normal daily life.”
about water-wise plantings, and
In another previous study on the effect of techniques (e.g. soil conditioning,
green exercise (activity in the presence of mulches), and irrigation in landscapes?
nature), improvements to self-esteem and
mood for less than an hour duration were
greater for the lower intensity green
Once again, a couple of great nature exercise (e.g., walking) compared to
studies that relate to our industry, more intense exercise (e.g., cycling).
thanks to Jennifer with Green Talks Such improvements decreased up to
(Ball Publishing e-newsletter), and a half day durations, then increased again
couple additional ones. To me the with half to full days of exercise.
bottom line is, Got Stress? Get Nature (Barton and Pretty, 2010, Environ. Sci.
(at least 30 minutes worth). Technol. 44, 3947–3955).
How Time in Nature Boosts Nature’s Climate Record—in Trees.
Children’s Academic Achievement (photo courtesy NASA, https://
and Healthy Development. In another
A new paper that analyzes hundreds study related to a changing climate
of studies to show how nature impacts (Nature, 5/1/19), tree ring data going
learning in eight ways. Author Ming back hundreds of years is correlating
Kuo says, “Even small exposures to the effect of human activity on drought

Greetings from Gardener’s Supply
Brian: “It really is about the personal relationships with our customers. Everything else is secondary.”
That’s been Brian’s motto over his 31 years in the wholesale industry. A Vermont Certified Horticulturalist,
Brian has in-depth knowledge of industry trends, plants, pricing, pest and disease identification and has a
keen sense for finding the plants you need for your projects.

Chris: Responsible and committed, sharp with numbers and analysis, Chris is ready and attentive to your
questions and requests. A veteran with 11 years at Gardener’s Supply, he will be your primary contact for
e-mail communication, taking plant requests, writing up plant quotes, and will be the coordinator of our
new delivery program.

Lezlee: Lezlee Sprenger returns this year at the forefront of our sales office. A master gardener with
over 12 years of industry experience in garden and floral design, Lezlee owned her own landscape
company and has been a commercial customer of ours for years. Don’t hesitate to talk to her about plant
combinations, design and color, and installation specifics.

Commercial Division
Spring/Summer Commercial Hours
Weekdays 7:00am–6:00pm, Sat. 8:00am–6:00pm, Sun. 9:00am–5:00pm

472 Marshall Avenue, Wiliston, VT

802-658-2433 •

tempfile_10932930.indd 1 13 4/1/19 10:13 AM

putting it under the lens . . .

Observations from the UVM Plant Diagnostic Lab

by Ann Hazelrigg, Phd.

The Clinic has received a lot of spring as the foliage is emerging and
repeated 2-3 times in the early season.
samples and reports of desiccation
injury and dieback in evergreens in There have been a lot of calls about a
addition to delayed leafing out of colorful and striking peach disease
several trees and shrubs as a result of (fungal pathogen-Taphrina deformans)
our long cold winter and slow to warm called peach leaf curl. This disease is
up spring. I was surprised by the common in cool wet springs causing
damage in evergreens since we had thickened and puckered pinkish/
such good snow cover, but we did have purplish growth on new leaves.
a few days of low temperatures, plus Fungicides are rarely warranted and by
the winter followed a stressful hot and the time you notice the disease it is too
dry summer, adding insult to injury! late. Later leaves produced are more
Above: Anthracnose on red maple. Missouri resistant to the pathogen so damage is
The spring was long, cool and wet Botanical Garden. Below: Peach leaf curl. Paul usually limited to the first new leaves
leading to a lot of early season fungal Bachi, University of Kentucky R and E Center, in the spring.
diseases including anthracnose in Bugwood.
maples, oaks, ash and sycamore. A similar disease caused by the same
Although more unsightly than genus, is oak leaf blister. Red oak is
damaging, if severe, the tree may particularly susceptible. The top part
defoliate in late spring only to flush of the leaf appears to be ‘blistered’ and
out new growth and recover. the leaf undersides appear hollow or
Symptoms include brown irregular concave.
spots or blotches that often follow
leaf veins or appear on leaf margins. Exobasidium gall, caused by the fungus
Spores are produced on the foliage Exobasidium vaccinii, is very prevalent
throughout the summer although this year on azaleas and
most infections are seen early in the rhododendrons. Pale green, pink, white
year. Shoots may also show fleshy galls develop on
blighting but this is not as leaves, branches or flower
common as the leaf parts. The disease is usually
symptoms. This disease not severe and galls can be
may result in total handpicked as soon as they
defoliation of sycamores. are noticed.
The fungi responsible for
the disease overwinter on On blueberry, the
fallen leaves so raking exobasidium fungus can
these in the fall is a good cause more serious damage
management option. with a leaf and fruit spot.
Spraying with fungicides is The damage can be severe
Oak leaf blister (Taphrina caerulescens)
rarely warranted and would and can render fruit
need to be done in early unmarketable.

We had an interesting sample of a you are seeing a problem in a landscape
maple that died suddenly this spring tree or shrub, feel free to email pictures
after looking fine last summer. The ( or send a
landscaper cut the dead tree down and sample to the Plant Diagnostic Clinic at
brought in a sample of the trunk. I sent 63 Carrigan Dr., Burlington, VT 05405 or
pictures to a tree pathologist, and from call 802-656-0493.
the distinctive radiating stain pattern,
he surmised the disease was likely
maple sapstreak. This is a fungal
disease of the living sapwood caused by
the fungus Ceratocystis virescens,
and is considered to be one of the Above: Exobasidium gall on azalea. Missouri
most common fungal diseases in the Botanical Garden. Below: Exobasidium leaf and
Northeast forest. The pathogen fruit spot on Blueberry.
invades when the roots or lower
stem are mechanically damaged.
Typically, you would notice
thinning crowns before the tree
succumbs, but in this case, death
was rapid.

I think the reason I enjoy my job so Suspected maple sapstreak disease.

much is that every year brings
something new and different! If

Three Things to know about Van Berkum Nursery

1) We are passionate about what we grow, from New England
Woodlanders to Wicked Ruggeds.
2) We specialize in healthy NH grown perennials, personal service,
and extensive plant knowledge.
3) We have friends in low places. (ribbit).
Phone (207) 499-2994 • Fax (207) 499-2912 •
Mailing Address: Physical Address:
24 Buzzell Road 291 Waterhouse Road
Biddeford ME 04005 Dayton ME 04005



Check our website for our

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(password: pni2019)

Or contact our office if you

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Van Berkum Nursery • 4 James Road Deerfield, NH 03037 weekly availability emails
(603) 463-7663 Fax 7326 •

Vermont Pesticide Rules
by Bethany Creaser, VT Ag Resource Management Specialist

As a horticultural grower or landscaper, pesticide use may be pesticide applicator.

part of your business. What you may not realize is that this may Obtaining a Vermont commercial pesticide license involves
mean you are subject to state and federal pesticide rules. This studying pesticide training manuals and then taking the
article will help you decide if these rules may affect you. appropriate pesticide exams. Once you obtain your pesticide
license, there are requirements for record keeping, providing
Before providing some information about state and federal information about the applied pesticides to your customers,
pesticides rules, it is first good to define what a pesticide is. A and continuing education credits to maintain your license.
pesticide is any substance or mixture of substances intended
for preventing, destroying, Growers
repelling, or mitigating any pest. A
As a horticultural grower, you may
pesticide may be a chemical
use pesticides to control pests in
substance (natural or man-made)
your greenhouse or nursery. If you
or a biological agent (such as a
are not using state or federally
virus or bacteria) used against
restricted use pesticides, you do
not need a pesticide license to
A pesticide is the general term and apply these products. But, use of
encompasses specific types of pesticides may mean you have to
pesticides such as insecticides, comply with the federal Worker
fungicides, herbicides, and Protection Standard (WPS).
repellents. A common
The WPS is designed to protect
misconception is that herbicides
employees who are occupationally
such as glyphosate (Round Up) are
exposed to pesticides and requires
not pesticides, when in fact, they
employers to provide pesticide
safety training. It aims to reduce
Now, let’s look at how these pesticide exposures for workers
pesticide rules may affect you. and their families. It applies to
farmworkers, and those that work
Landscapers, Arborist, and in a forest, nursery, or greenhouse
Turf Specialists that produces agricultural plants.
One of the services you may offer
Some of the requirements of the
to your customers is pest control.
WPS are:
If part of the pest control program
you offer involves the use of ANY • people stay out of treated
type of pesticide on your areas during and after an
customers’ property, that makes application;
you a commercial pesticide • proper protective gear for
applicator and requires a state of
Vermont pesticide applicator’s
license. • access to supplies for routine
and emergency washing;
It does not matter if you are
applying products such as Round • annual safety training to
Up or Preen, natural or organic reduce take-home residues;
products, products made of • access to information about
essential oils, animal repellents, or pesticides used onsite;
products you can purchase at your
• age limits for applicators;
local hardware store. If the product
is being applied on your • employers to keep records of
customers’ property to kill, all pesticide applications; and
control, or repel a pest, it is a • protections from retaliation
pesticide and you are a commercial and discrimination.

Whether you are a grower or a service provider, when you use

F ra
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pesticide label is federal law.

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If you feel that the WPS applies to you and/or you are a


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Westford Granby


commercial pesticide applicator and would like more

Mor Wolcott Greensboro e elo

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contact the Vermont Agency of Agriculture (VAAFM) pesticide

lburne Richmond er

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Charlotte East Pea

field agent that covers your town (insert field agent map).

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You can also visit the following websites for more information:

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son Was
A dd i Roxbury h

Weybridge Bro C o r i n th


VAAFM pesticide program:

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Leicester ch Strafford

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pesticide-programs O rw e ll
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Barnard N or
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WPS information:


Pro W est
West Rutland Hartford

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R u tl a

Rutland City


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P oul


W i nd s o r
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Middletown Springs

General pesticide information:


Wells Mount


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Pawlet Baltimore
Ta b o

Report a suspected pesticide violation – can be reported


s te r


C he


ARM Agent Territories
anonymously – call 802-828-2431 or visit: https://

Manchester Londonderry


Winhall Rockingham
Bethany Creaser (802-793-1628)

h end
J a m ai c a
Arlington Sunderland
Westminster Dominique Golliot (802-793-2167)



Wardsboro T
Shaftsbury Doug Johnstone (802-793-2547)

Glastenbury Putne

• Bennington
D ov e r Newfane
mm on
Matt Wood (802-828-3482)
WoodfordSearsburg Marlboro
Wilmington Brattlebo

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P o w nal Stamford Whitingham x

Ve rn
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tips & trends, food for thought…

Garden Design Magazine’s Top 10

Trends in Garden Design for 2019 “I never saw a discontented tree.
They grip the ground as though they
1. Keeping it low maintenance. liked it, and though fast rooted they
2. Creating a staycation spot. travel about as far as we do”.
3. Making backyard structures focal
4. Including private, secluded spaces. John Muir
5. Making a notable first impression.
6. Including unexpected elements in If you are bitten by a black legged tick
your arrangements. To safely remove ticks After removing the tick

7. Including food in landscapes of all 1. Use fine-tipped tweezers or tick remover and firmly grasp
the tick close to the skin. Avoid touching the tick with your
1. Thoroughly wash your hands and the bite area.
Wash your hands with soap and water or use an

bare hands. alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are
2. With a steady motion, pull straight up until all parts of the not available.
tick are removed. 2. Clean the tick bite with soap and water or use an
8. Giving back with gardens. 3. Do not twist or jerk the tick. antiseptic such as iodine scrub or rubbing alcohol.
3. Watch for symptoms of tick-borne diseases.
4. Dispose of a live tick by putting it in alcohol, placing it
9. Growing all types of plants indoors. in a sealed bag/container, wrapping it tightly in tape or
flushing it down the toilet. Never crush a tick with your
“Symptoms of disseminated Lyme disease
10.Investing in furniture that will last.
can occur days to months after the initial
DO NOT use petroleum jelly, a hot match, nail polish, or infection”
other products to remove a tick. —Vermont Department of Health
These methods are not effective.
Visit for

all the details!

Symptoms of Lyme Disease
According to the Vermont Department of Health, Lyme disease may spread
to various parts of the body. This is called “disseminated Lyme disease.”
The American Horticultural Society recently selected Symptoms associated with disseminated Lyme Symptoms of Lyme disease
three books for their 2019 AHS Book Awards. These • Numbness and pain in the arms or legs Symptoms may include one or more of the following
• Paralysis of facial muscles • Fatigue
awards recognize outstanding garden-related books • Digestion problems/Stomach aches • Chills and fever
published in North America. You can also • Fever • Problems with memory/concentration
• Stiff neck • Muscle and joint pain (often migrating – appearing
view their list of the 75 Great American • Severe headaches in different places in the body)
• Abnormal heart beat • Headache
Garden Books on their website. • Joint pain and swelling • Swollen lymph nodes
• Problems with concentration and short-term memory • Tiredness
• Chronic nervous system problems • EM rash or atypical rash
The 2019 winners are: • Shooting pains • Swollen Joints
• Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet
• Meningitis
Designing with Palms by Jason Dewees Vermont ticks carry other diseases, some of which require different treatments than Lyme disease.

The Food Explorer by Daniel Stone

Vermont is an organization
Veggie Garden Remix by Niki Jabbour informing and supporting Vermonters affected by Lyme
and Tick-borne diseases. They are a great resource for information and guidance.

Garden Jewels of Mount Desert Island
By: Judith Irven, VCH; Photographs: Dick Conrad

A Designer’s Notebook coast he loved, which he then

interpreted through Japanese design
This column in The Dirt is a place
where we can share landscape design The formal gateway to the garden
ideas that work for us and for our marks the transition from the bustle of
clients. Please let Kristina in the the outside world to the quiet serenity
VNLA office know if you have a within, with a meticulously raked
contribution for a future issue. gravel pathway edged with magnificent
carpets of pincushion moss.
We watched, almost in disbelief, as an
Every summer crowds of visitors attendant gently brushed the soft
flock to Maine's Mount Desert green carpets to remove any stray pine
Island to hike the beautiful needles that might have dropped the
windswept hills of Acadia National previous night!
Park and enjoy the bustling
Throughout the garden more raked
seaside town of Bar Harbor.
sand paths follow a meandering brook
But few are aware that, only ten strewn with weathered Maine
miles along the coast from Bar boulders, take you past beautiful
Harbor in the little village of azaleas and rhododendrons.
Northeast Harbor, a trio of exquisite
Eventually you reach the garden’s
hidden gardens, now owned and
climax, the Great Pond surrounded
maintained by the Land and Garden
with mature azaleas and evergreens
Preserve, await your discovery.
that reflect beautifully in the water.
Two of these gardens, Asticou and
Finally, on your return, you will
Thuya, just two miles apart, were
discover the traditional Japanese sand
created in a one frenetic year by
garden with carefully positioned rocks
Charles Savage, a native of
set in raked sand, symbolizing the
Northeast Harbor, using the plants
Acadian islands set in a shimmering
from the nearby property of famous
landscape architect, Beatrix
Farrand. But the two gardens could Thuya Garden
not be more different. Thuya Garden is set high on an
I have yet to visit the third garden, enclosed hilltop, surrounding Thuya
the Abbey Aldrich Rockefeller Lodge that was the longtime home of
Garden. A study in formality it was Joseph Curtis, a Victorian landscape
originally designed by Beatrix architect.
Farrand between 1926 and 1930. Visitors approach on foot, climbing the
Two years ago the Rockefeller spectacular rocky staircase known as
family bequeathed it to the Land the Asticou Terraces.
and Garden Preserve, and now it is Top photo: Islands in a shimmering sea - The Sand At the top a pair of grand carved gates
open to the public three days a Garden at Asticou evokes coastal islands in a announce your arrival at Thuya
week although advance reservations shimmering sea. Garden. (For people unable to make the
are required.
climb, there is handicap parking
Asticou Azalea Garden: Meticulous Bottom two photos: Raked sand paths lead the available at the Lodge).
and Serene. visitor to explore the Asticou Garden.
At the north end, formal beds filled
In creating Asticou, Savage took his with colorful perennials are
inspiration from the rugged Maine

reminiscent of the preeminent English Joseph Curtis Finally, to ensure his wishes would be
designer, Gertrude Jekyll. honored, he created an endowment
Back in 1880 Joseph Curtis purchased the
trust, naming his great friend, Charles
As you stroll south there are raised beds steep rocky hillside across
Savage, as the sole trustee.
edged in massive blocks of local pink from Northeast Harbor known as the
granite which are home to Beatrix Farrand
more flowers, while a small Beatrix Farrand was
pond evokes the wilder a pioneering woman
landscape of Acadia. landscape architect who,
Finally at the southern tip during her long career,
of the garden look for the designed an array of
hidden gate in the wall. This noteworthy properties,
leads to a rustic mountain including the famous
path to Eliot Mountain Dumbarton Oaks in
offering a spectacular view Washington D.C..
across the sea and nearby Her parents owned a large
islands. I wonder—was this estate on Mount Desert
the view that inspired Island known as Reef
Charles Savage as he Point, and it was here
created the Japanese Sand she would design her own
Garden at Asticou? extensive gardens. She
Drawing Back the Curtain created the Reef Point
of Time gardens in part to showcase
many very special trees and
Sometimes the story
shrubs given to her
surrounding the creation of
by Charles Sargent, her
a garden adds
former teacher and mentor
immeasurably to our
and director and plant
enjoyment of the garden
breeder at Boston's
itself. This is certainly the
famous Arnold Arboretum.
case with the gardens of
Mount Desert Island. It is John D. Rockefeller Jr.
the story of Charles Savage John D. Rockefeller Jr., the
and his three special only son of Standard Oil
friends, and the incredible founder J.D. Rockefeller Sr.
events that connected had his own successful
them. business career. At heart
Charles Savage however he was a
Top photo: A beautiful pot among the flowers at Thuya Garden. philanthropist, supporting
Charles Savage was a life-
Bottom photo: Thuya Gardens are home to many colorful flowers. a vast array of social,
long native of Northeast
scientific and artistic
Harbor and innkeeper of the
Asticou Terraces and created the Asticou causes.
family-owned Asticou Inn. By all
accounts he was a dapper man Terrace Trail. This beautiful stone JDR Jr. and his wife Abby were also true
who mingled comfortably with the well- staircase interspersed with scenic garden lovers, and in 1926 they
heeled visitors to Northeast Harbor— pavilions, runs from sea level to the commissioned their neighbor Beatrix
people who resided in Boston for most of upper reaches of his property where he Farrand to design a beautiful garden for
the year but, during summer’s heat, built a rustic retreat called Thuya Lodge their Mount Desert Island property.
retreated to Mount Desert Island. (for Thuya occidentals, his beloved native
And it would not be long before Charles
white cedars).
Charles Savage was also a self-taught but Savage also counted JDR Jr. among his
very skilled landscape designer. And Then, as a gift for future generations, in special summer friends.
among his very special summer friends 1905 he bequeathed his entire property
And, as we shall see, it was this
he counted two well-known and to become ‘a public preserve for the quiet
relationship that resulted in the creation
respected landscape architects, Joseph recreation of the people of Northeast
of both Asticou and Thuya Gardens.
Curtis and Beatrix Farrand. Harbor and their summer guests’.

Two Gardens are Born swampy land he owned at the head of the
Thus the strange turn of events in 1955
Northeast Harbor inlet into a brand new
resulted in the creation of two beautiful
Suddenly, in 1955, out of the blue, the
garden as a home to these special plants.
new gardens which to this day are home
tranquility of Mount Dessert Island was
Amazingly JDR Jr. agreed to finance
for Beatrix Farrand’s plant collection.
shattered, with a disastrous wildfire that
everything! Today, along with the personal garden she
then caused a sudden increases in
designed for John and Abby Rockefeller,
everybody’s taxes.  Beatrix, realizing she For almost a year Charles worked
no longer had the means to properly obsessively on the mammoth undertaking all three gardens are now lovingly
maintained by the Garden and Land
maintain her home, decided to sell Reef that resulted in Asticou Azalea Garden.
Point. First he oversaw the extensive site
preparation—draining the swampy land, So, whenever you have occasion to
She also knew she could not bear to
creating rocky waterways and finally visit the beautiful Maine coast, plan an
witness her beloved gardens
excavating what would become the Great extra day to visit the very special gardens
descend into decline. So, in a single
determined move, she resolved to destroy Pond. Then he supervised as hundreds of of Mount Desert Island. You will not be
full size trees and shrubs—evergreens, disappointed!!
everything, including all the rare plants
azaleas and more—were dug at the
that had been given to her by Charles Together Judith Irven and her husband,
Farrand property and replanted
Sargent. Dick Conrad, nurture a large garden in
at Asticou. Goshen, VT. Judith is a landscape designer
After hearing about Beatrix’s
As the year wore on Charles realized and VT Certified Horticulturist. She also
precipitous decision to destroy all her
that, with Farrand's extensive perennial teaches Sustainable Home Landscaping for
beautiful plants, Charles Savage was
collection, he needed additional land. the UVM Master Gardener Program. She
utterly devastated.
So he turned to the Curtis estate (where writes about her VT gardening life at
Then his thinking side took over. He fortuitously he was the trustee), You can
approached his good friend, JDR Jr., developed the new design and then reach Judith at
suggesting that they purchase the entire oversaw the remaining planting of what
Reef Point plant collection. Furthermore, was to become the new Thuya Garden.
Charles proposed transforming the

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no kidding …

Top Ten Tips to Better Know your Business’ Business

by Jacki Hart

This month’s Consulting by coming to work with you, get

proven advice to fast track
Jacki Hart newsletter is
you to better success. Find a
sharing her Top Ten tips to
trusted and experienced
better know and run your
mentor, an advisor, a Peer
business. Hopefully you can
Group (ie Landscape Ontario
take a small snippet away to
Peer To Peer Network!), a
mull over to inspire you to
bank advisor, a good office
keep working ON your
manager, a talented book
business, and to recognize the
keeper, or a good coach.
signs when you might need to
‘know your businesses’
6. Change Your Thinking:
business” better than you do
at this point in time.
Einstein said: “you can’t solve
a problem by using the same thinking
1. Work Smarter: 3. Don’t Compete on Price: that created it”. If you always do what
you’ve always done, you’ll always get the
Start with realizing that your business A common mistake is to compare your same thing. Learn. Review results. Adapt.
won’t be profitable all on its’ own. prices to everyone else and match the Try again.
Working harder isn’t the answer, working competitions price. This is a death wish.
smarter is. Technology integration has Without knowing your competitors’ costs 7. Step Back – Stop, Start and
become a must in order to keep up with of goods, labor, equipment and fixed Continue:
the marketplace. Tools and information expenses, you have no idea whether your
at your fingertips is crucial to being price should be comparable to theirs, or if Take time to slow down and take stock of
effective and efficient. You’re the leader, you should compete on a different basis what’s happening. It’s counter intuitive
which included the being the thought- than on price alone. Competing on price to step back, and it pays you back in
leader, critical thinker and strategy alone in a young business typically ends spades to get clear on what you should
developer. Make the time for all three of up a race to the bottom of the stop, start and continue doing.
these roles, every week. profitability drain.
8. Get Clarity:
2. Equip Yourself for Success: 4. Stick to What You’re Good At:
Why do you do what you do? Why did
Good tools are needed to support every Make sure that you don’t try to be all you start your business? Where is it
business – the equipment, the right things to everyone. Know when to say no going? It will be successful when what
software – the right person inputting to an ‘off-brand’ request or to one that’s exactly is happening? What’s your
data, the right marketing tools especially out of your service territory or supply vision? What’s non negotiable – your
online, the right advisors, the right chain. core values…
client: product match, the right people
etc. Always consider what it’s actually 5. Get Help to Learn What you Don’t 9. Build a Team Who Believe What
costing your business to NOT spend Do Well: You Believe:
money on qualified people. Hire Up –
build the bench strength of your team to Whether it’s understanding how to price Simon Sineks infamous ‘Start with Why’
handle tomorrow’s business. what you do in order to pay yourself – search the TedTalk and watch it. WHY
better, or how to build a team who like

are you in business? What should others leadership, a cohesive team culture and Jacki writes for other trade magazines and
believe in, to help you follow your consistent systems for improved will be a regular contributor to our business
business vision.  accountability. If your looking for column. CBH is a consulting firm that
solutions to master these key business “passionately believes that entrepreneurial
10. Work Hard to Keep Right-Fit components, qualified help is just an success depends on sustained forward
Customers, Staff and Suppliers: email away. momentum - across all areas of business -
both the visible and the invisible. To learn
Relationships are the key to successful About the Author: Jacki Hart is president more about CBH visit
companies. Word of mouth referrals from of Consulting by Hart in Ontario, Canada.
clients, suppliers that you treat well, who She is an entrepreneur, advisor, business
will return the favor when you need it consultant, and workshop facilitator with a
most, customers who promote you first career in the Green Industry spanning 35
hand – these are all critical to your years. Jacki is one of Canada’s first women
business success.  to hold the North American Green Industry
certificate for business management
At CBH, their team of seasoned Business excellence. Jacki also manages the
Coaches and Consultants are well Prosperity Program and Peer to Peer
equipped to guide you through the steps Network for Landscape Ontario.
to build better financial results, stronger

2019 Horsford Dirt Ad - June 2019.indd 1 24 6/13/2019 10:47:43 AM

Member Profile: Red Wagon Plants

CONGRATULATIONS to VNLA member Julie Rubaud, owner of purchased grows into something of even greater value. As an
Red Wagon Plants for being selected by the Small Business example, a $4 tomato plant can turn into $40 worth of
Administration as the 2019 Vermont Woman-Owned tomatoes.  And your customers develop a feeling of pride and
Business of the Year!!! Below is a reprint of an article that ran accomplishment,” said Rubaud
in the Vermont Business Magazine on July 4, 2019. This article
is reprinted with their permission. It was in 2007 when she
started retailing and the
In 2005 a professional business took off. Her
gardener was having annual sales have
trouble coming up with a increased by an average
name for the small of 14 percent each year
business she was since. Today the business
starting. Nothing has 25 seasonal
seemed to excite her or employees, nine
capture her greenhouses and sells
imagination. But one day year round. Rubaud
while in a movie theater, believes she is fortunate
her then eight-year-old in that many of her
daughter Louissa noticed employees return to Red
the film’s production Wagon Plants year after
company was Red Wagon year, a trait not
Entertainment. She commonly associated
asked her mother “Why with seasonal work.
don’t we name it that?” Julie Rubaud loved the idea and named
her startup Red Wagon Plants.  Her daughter went home and For her continued growth, Rubaud’s nursery is being recognized
drew the first version of the logo of a little girl pulling a wagon by the Small Business Administration, naming Red Wagon
full of plants. For 14 years the nursery on Shelburne Falls Road Plants the 2019 Vermont Woman-Owned Business of the Year.
in Hinesburg has been growing and selling a variety of plants During the selection process for the award, the SBA also
and flowers year-round. approached Rubaud about applying for its annual Emerging
Leaders Program. She applied and was accepted into the free
Rubaud grew up in a home with vegetable gardens and a seven-month program where she is developing a three-year
greenhouse, so it was natural to pursue gardening as a career. strategic growth plan to grow her business.
When the business launched, it started small and only operated
from April to June. The business consisted of three small Continuing education and community outreach have long been
greenhouses selling wholesale to a select clientele. One of her a part of Red Wagon Plants’ business model. She recently added
first high-value clients was Healthy Living Market and Café in a classroom, which is built inside one of the greenhouses to
South Burlington. Healthy Living is an independently owned conduct numerous workshops, such as Planting for Summer
natural foods market. Salads and Preserving the Tomato Harvest. Rubaud has held
workshops for several years, but has seen an increase in
We always want to sell what we consider the best, and Red demand as more and more people are choosing to grow their
Wagon is just that,” said Katy Lesser, owner and founder of own herbs and vegetables. Throughout the years, the business
Healthy Living. “It’s been a joy and honor to work closely with has made significant financial and in kind contributions to a
Julie over the years. I consider her a trusted partner. number of organizations, including the Shelburne Community
School PTO, Vermont Community Garden Network and the
Today Healthy Living is one of 35 locations Red Wagon Plants Burlington Area Community Gardens.
sells too. Rubaud’s edible plants (herbs, tomatoes, vegetables)
can be found at City Market, Gardeners’ Supply and many other “Red Wagon is known as a place where people have a fun,
hardware stores, grocery stores and garden centers. family-like work environment. The mission of the business is to
help people succeed in the garden and to help employees
“This is a small business with a big impact. It’s an example of a succeed in their work lives,” said Rubaud.     
business that turns consumers into producers. What is

wiry stems, hairy leaves and bodacious blooms. . .

Wait! What? Since When are Shade Gardens Boring?!

by Marie Limoge, Landscape Designer
Over the years, I have had many conversations with design Rogersia pinnata
‘Elgans’ (Roger’s Flower,
clients or nursery customers about new gardens or renovating
their current gardens. It surprises me how often people say
that shade gardens are boring. When I ask them why they think This shade loving perennial has a
that, they always respond with something along the lines of palmate leaf structure and adds a
“because all you can plant is Hosta”. If one had a whole garden
tropical feel to the garden. It has a
consisting of only the common plain green Hosta, I could see
spread of 3’- 3.5’ and can reach
how that is less than exciting.
heights of 3’-3.5’ tall. It has a tall
Early on in my horticulture career, I had the pleasure of white flower stalk that appears in
working a few days for the owners of Cross View Gardens in the early summer. This plant
Morrisville, VT and I fell in love with Hosta. At the time, they prefers moist soils. Hardy
had nearly 800 varieties in all shapes, sizes, and colors. perennial in Zones 5-9.
Currently there are at least 70 species of Hosta with around
3,000 varieties, and that number is ever growing. I’d say that Helleborus
nothing about that seems boring to me! Local nurseries sell orientalis
Hostas with countless combinations of white, green, blue, and (Lenten Rose)
yellow leaves. There are just as many combinations if you look This elegant shade
at leaf shape, light requirements, or mature size of the plant. By perennial is an early
mixing in a few different varieties of Hosta, the space can be bloomer that
enhanced. heralds spring and
warmer weather to
But… if you are looking for some real change, and adding a new
come. The leaves
variety of Hosta isn’t enough to make your shade garden more
are evergreen and
exciting, then try one of these more dramatic options. They are
provide some much sought after green color in otherwise bleak
sure to add a little funk to the space and be a conversation
piece as well! months of March and April. It has a height and spread of
1’-1.5’. Hardy perennial in Zones 4-9.
Rogersia aesculifolia
Ligularia dentata
(Horse Chestnut Rogersia,
(Leopard Plant)
Roger’s Flower,
Fingerleaf) The large round
leaves of this shade
This large perennial does
loving perennial
best if planted in part
make it stand out in
shade with moist soils. It
the garden. New
can reach a spread and
growth has a dark
height of 3’ to 5’ tall. It
purple hue to the
has a clumping form and
stalks and leaves. In
large palmate leaves that
late summer, golden
resemble those of the
yellow, daisy-like flower clusters appear. They are beautiful in
Horse Chestnut tree. This
dried floral arrangements. This plant had a spread of 1.5’ - 2.5’
plant has a tall white
and can reach heights of 2’ – 3’ tall and likes moist soils. Hardy
flower stalk that blooms in mid-summer. Hardy perennial in
perennial in Zones 3-8
Zones 5-7.

Ligularia ‘Bottle prefers part to full shade and
Rocket’ (Leopard Plant) moist soils. This grass can reach
heights of 1-1.5’ tall and has a
This perennial prefers very
spread of about 2’. Hardy
moist soils and can benefit
perennial in Zone 5-9
from regular deep watering in
the hot summer months. This Astilboides tabularis (Shieldleaf)
variety has dark green toothed
This unique perennial requires
leaves that grown in rather
part to full shade and consistently
dense clumps. It can reach
moist soils. The large round
heights of 2.5’-3’ tall and has a
saucer-like leaves can reach
spread of 2’ -2.5’ Golden
diameters of 2’ or more. The
flowers appear on purplish
leaves grow on single stalk that
stems in mid-summer. Hardy
form a large clump which can have
perennial in Zones 4-8.
a spread of 2’-3’ and reach
Hakonechloa macra heights of 3’-4’ tall. In
‘Aureola’ (Japanese early summer, a large stalk
Forest Grass) emerges and bears white flowers. Hardy perennial in
Zones 5-7
This shade loving grass
has a graceful drooping
form. The long, thin, Photos taken by Marie P. Limoge, Andrew Swan or
bright yellowish-green Kristina MacKulin.
leaves add a pop of color
to any shade garden. It

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