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The Detrimental Effects of Pornography on Teenagers and Society
ENG101b: Research Paper Done for Inquiry & Argumentation for Research Writing Dr. Joyce Silva
By Umar Mohamed Iyoob IYUM200709 Spring 2008
Iyoob 2 Umar Mohamed Iyoob Dr. Joyce Silva English 101b 05 May 2008
‘The Detrimental Effects of Pornography on Teenagers and Society’
"I can't define pornography," one judge once famously said, "but I know it when I see it."(Justice Stewart in Jacobellis v. Ohio 378 US 184 (1964).)The word "pornography comes from the Greek for writing about prostitutes. However, the etymology of the term is not much of a guide to its current use, since many of the things commonly called "pornography" nowadays are neither literally written nor literally about prostitutes. Here is a first, simple definition. Pornography is any material (either pictures or words) that is sexually explicit. This definition of pornography may pick out different types of material in different contexts, since what is viewed as sexually explicit can vary from culture to culture and over time. "Sexually explicit" functions as a kind of indexical term, picking out different features depending on what has certain effects or breaks certain taboos in different contexts and cultures. Displays of women's uncovered ankles count as sexually explicit in some cultures, but not in most western cultures nowadays (although they once did: the display of a female ankle in Victorian times was regarded as most risqué). There may be borderline cases too: do displays of bared breasts still count as sexually explicit in various contemporary western cultures? However, some material seems clearly to count as sexually explicit in many contexts today: in particular, audio, written or visual representations of sexual acts (e.g., sexual intercourse, oral sex) and exposed body parts (e.g., the vagina, anus and penis-especially the erect penis).
Iyoob 3 Within the general class of sexually explicit material, there is great variety in content. For example, some sexually explicit material depicts women, and sometimes men, in postures of sexual display (e.g., Playboy centrefolds). Some depicts non-violent sexual acts (both homosexual and heterosexual) between adults who are portrayed as equal and consenting participants. Other sexually explicit representations depict acts of violent coercion: people being bound, whipped, beaten, tortured, penetrated by objects, mutilated, raped and even killed. Some sexually explicit material may be degrading, without necessarily being overtly violent. This material depicts people (most often women) in positions of servility and subordination in their sexual relations with others, or engaged in sexual acts that many people would regard as humiliating. Some sexually explicit material involves or depicts children. Some portrays bestiality and necrophilia; and so on. On the first definition of pornography as sexually explicit material, all such material would count as pornography, insofar as it is sexually explicit. But this simple definition is not quite right. Anatomy textbooks for medical students are sexually explicit-they depict exposed genitalia, for example-but are rarely, if ever, viewed as pornography. Sexual explicitness may be a necessary condition for material to count as pornographic, but it does not seem to be sufficient. So something needs to be added to the simple definition. What else might be required? Here is a second definition. Pornography is sexually explicit material (verbal or pictorial) that is primarily designed to produce sexual arousal in viewers. This definition is better: it deals with the problem of anatomy textbooks and the like. Indeed, this definition is one that is frequently employed (or presupposed) in discussions of pornography.
Iyoob 4 Even though the depiction of sexual acts is as old as civilization the concept of pornography as we know it today did not exist until the Victorian Era. Before that time, though some sex acts were mentioned and stipulated in laws, looking at objects or images depicting them was not mentioned. Specific books, engravings or image collections were censored or outlawed in some cases, but the movement to formulate laws that constrained viewing of sexually explicit things in general was a construction of the Victorian Era. Much of the erotic art of the Romans came to light when large scale excavations of Pompeii were undertaken in the 1860s. This in turn shocked the Victorians who saw themselves as the scholarly heirs of the Roman Empire. They had no clue as to what they should do with the frank depictions of sexuality, and did as much as they could to hide them away from everyone but upper class scholars. The moveable objects were locked away in the Secret Museum in Italy and what could not be moved was enclosed and cordoned off as to not corrupt the mindsets of women, children and the working class. The world's first law criminalizing pornography was enacted by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1857 in the Obscene Publications Act soon after this excavation. The Victorian attitude that pornography was for a selected audience can be seen in the wording of the Hicklin Test stemming from a court case in 1868 where it asks, "whether the tendency of the matter charged as obscenity is to deprave and corrupt those whose minds are open to such immoral influences." Despite their suppression, depictions of erotic imagery are common throughout history, and remain so. The issue that I am considering and putting forward here is how teenagers and in turn women and society are affected by this device of evil – Pornography. I would be analyzing its effect on teenagers, its role in the degradation of women and hence its role in disrupting society.
The first major issue that I will be dealing with is pornography and teenagers. Being a teenager is a very confusing age without pornography to complicate it more. Young teenagers are prey to child pornography and pedophilia as well. While there are many ways that pornography harms teenagers, I want to assure you that every teenager who views pornography will not necessarily be affected and, at worst, traumatized in the same way. The effects of pornography are progressive and addictive for many people. Just as every person who takes a drink does not automatically become an alcoholic, every teen who is exposed to pornography does not automatically become a sexual deviant or sex addict. However, since pornography has a new door to the home, school, and library through the Internet, it is important for us to look at the many ways that pornography can potentially harm teenagers. The Internet has proven a useful tool for pedophiles and sexual predators as they distribute child pornography, engage in sexually explicit conversations with young teens, and seek victims in chat rooms. The more pornography these individuals access, the higher the risk of their acting out what they see, including sexual assault, rape, and child molestation.
According to one study, early exposure to pornography is related to greater involvement in deviant sexual practice, particularly rape. Slightly more than one-third of the child molesters and rapists in this study claimed to have at least occasionally been incited to commit an offense by exposure to pornography. Among the child molesters incited, the study reported that 53 percent of them deliberately used the stimuli of pornography as they prepared to offend.
Iyoob 6 The habitual consumption of pornography can result in a diminished satisfaction with mild forms of pornography and a correspondingly strong desire for more deviant and violent material. In a study of convicted child molesters, 77 percent of those who molested boys and 87 percent of those who molested girls admitted to the habitual use of pornography in the commission of their crimes. Besides stimulating the perpetrator, pornography facilitates child molestation in several ways. For example, pedophiles use pornographic photos to demonstrate to their victims what they want them to do. They also use them to arouse a teenager or to lower his/her inhibitions and communicate to the unsuspecting child that a particular sexual activity is okay: "This person is enjoying it; so will you." As more and more teenagers are exposed not only to soft-core pornography, but also to explicit deviant sexual material, they are learning an extremely dangerous message from pornographers: Sex without responsibility is acceptable and desirable. Because pornography encourages sexual expression without responsibility, it endangers children's health. One of the grimmer consequences of adult-like sexual activity among teenagers has been a steady increase in the extent to which youth are afflicted with venereal disease. In the United States about one in four sexually experienced teenagers acquires a sexually transmitted disease (STD) every year, resulting in three million cases of teenage STDs. Infectious syphilis rates have more than doubled among teenagers since the mid-1980s. More children contract sexually transmitted diseases each year than all the victims of polio in its eleven-year epidemic, 19421953. Another obvious result of children involved in adult sexual activity is the increased rate of pregnancy among teenagers.
Iyoob 7 Research has shown that "males who are exposed to a great deal of erotica when they are in their teens are more sexually active and engage in more varied sexual behaviors as adults than is true for males not so exposed." One study reveals that among 932 sex addicts, 90 percent of the men and 77 percent of the women reported that pornography was significant to their addiction. Teenagers often imitate what they've seen, read, or heard. Studies suggest that exposure to pornography can prompt teens to act out sexually against younger, smaller, and more vulnerable children. Experts in the field of adolescents and teenager sexual abuse report that any premature sexual activity in children always suggests two possible stimulants: experience and exposure. This means that the sexually deviant teen may have been molested or simply exposed to sexuality through pornography. In a study of six hundred American males and females of junior high school age and above, researcher Dr. Jennings Bryant found that 91 percent of the males and 82 percent of the females admitted having been exposed to X-rated, hard-core pornography. Over 66 percent of the males and 40 percent of the females reported wanting to try out some of the sexual behaviors they had witnessed. And among high schoolers, 31 percent of the males and 18 percent of the females admitted actually doing some of the things they had seen in the pornography within a few days after exposure. Most of the parents would want to instill in children their own personal values about relationships, sex, intimacy, love, and marriage. Unfortunately, the powerful irresponsible messages of pornography may be educating one’s children on these very important life issues.
Iyoob 8 Just as thirty-second commercials can influence whether or not we choose one popular soft drink over another, exposure to pornography shapes our attitudes and values and, often, our behavior. Photographs, videos, magazines, virtual games, and Internet pornography that depict rape and the dehumanization of females in sexual scenes constitute powerful but deforming tools of sex education. The danger to teenagers stems at least partly from the disturbing changes in attitude that are facilitated by pornography. Replicated studies have demonstrated that exposure to significant amounts of increasingly graphic forms of pornography has a dramatic effect on how adult consumers view women, sexual abuse, sexual relationships, and sex in general. These studies are virtually unanimous in their conclusions: When male subjects were exposed to as little as six weeks' worth of standard hard-core pornography, they developed an increased sexual callousness toward women. They also began to trivialize rape as a criminal offense or no longer considered it a crime at all. They developed distorted perceptions about sexuality and developed an appetite for more deviant, bizarre, or violent types of pornography (normal sex no longer seemed to do the job)In addition to all the above, they also devalued the importance of monogamy and lacked confidence in marriage as either a viable or lasting institution and viewed nonmonogamous relationships as normal and natural behavior. During certain critical periods of childhood, a teenager's brain is being programmed for sexual orientation. During this period, the mind appears to be developing a "hard drive" for what the person will be aroused by or attracted to. Exposure to healthy sexual norms and attitudes during this critical period can result in the teenager developing a healthy sexual orientation. In contrast, if there is exposure to pornography during this period, sexual deviance may become
Iyoob 9 imprinted on the child's "hard drive" and become a permanent part of his or her sexual orientation. Psychologist Dr. Victor Cline's findings suggest that memories of experiences that occurred at times of emotional arousal (which could include sexual arousal) are imprinted on the brain by epinephrine, an adrenal gland hormone, and are difficult to erase. (This may partly explain pornography's addicting effect.) Viewing pornography can potentially condition some viewers to have recurring sexual fantasies during which they masturbate. Later they may be tempted to act out the fantasies as sexual advances. Sexual identity develops gradually through adolescence. In fact, children generally do not have a natural sexual capacity until between the ages of ten and twelve. As they grow up, and follow into their teens they are especially susceptible to influences affecting their development. Information about sex in most homes and schools comes, presumably, in age-appropriate incremental stages based on what parents, educators, physicians, and social scientists have learned about child development. But pornography short-circuits and/or distorts the normal personality development process and supplies misinformation about a child's sexuality, sense of self, and body that leaves the child confused, changed, and damaged. Pornography often introduces teenagers prematurely to sexual sensations that they are developmentally unprepared to contend with. This awareness of sexual sensation can be confusing and over stimulating for children. The sexual excitement and eventual release obtained through pornography are mood altering. For example, if a young boy's early stimulus was pornographic photographs, he can be
Iyoob 10 conditioned to become aroused through photographs. Once this pairing is rewarded a number of times, it is likely to become permanent. The result is that it becomes difficult for the individual to experience sexual satisfaction apart from pornographic images. The pornographic lyrics of much of the music listened to by teenagers today is also degrading, not only for the girls, but also for the young men whose focus becomes what they can get and rarely on what they can give. Future relationships are sure to suffer because of the perversions that one’s children are being raised on. Almost every movie released today under the drama/action genre has a pornographic scene in it. This is something that attracts teenagers attentions to the movie. A very famous movie – ‘We Own the Night’ that was nominated for an oscar as well, starring a very famous actress – Eva Mendes, started off with a partially nude sex scene. This caused a stir with a lot of teenagers once they came to know that the actress was baring almost all in the movie. Teenagers from all over rushed to see the movie. ‘Titanic’ was another controversial movie that started a lot of fires when it was released. Most of the adults find it difficult to talk to their children about sex in general, let alone the harmful effects of pornography, as graphically described in this research. One wants to protect the innocence and purity of one’s children for as long as possible. The next major issue I would be dealing with is the pornography and the degradation of women. The vast majority of pornography represents women as complete sexual objects, as masochistic, as treacherous, as deserving of abuse, punishment, torture, mutilation, humiliation and death. Pornography degrades women in many ways. It is very hostile towards women and
Iyoob 11 also portrays women as if they are hated. Pornography does not have any form of love or romance. Its main purpose is to humiliate and degrade the female body for male pleasure. The objectification of women in pornography allows the viewer to separate him/herself from the humiliation and pain experienced by the women portrayed in pornography. Viewers do not question why pain brings sexual pleasure and why women (or children or men who act like women) are the victims of the mental and physical abuse and violence pictured in pornography. Also pornography is made mostly by men and for men. In an episode of the well known television show “Friends”, Joey and Chandler, two male characters, stumble upon free porn while switching channels. They keep the television set on and the channel unchanged for the fear of losing the free porn channel. Later, they become so accustomed to watching pornography, that they expect real life scenarios to change into pornographic scenarios. This in turn makes them degrade women. Firstly, Pornography causes a lot of violence against women. Men watch pornography and try to do the same in real life. This is a very simple ideology. Whatever people see, they do. This is true for children and people may argue that grown ups will not act out the ridiculous things they see while watching pornography, but, they are forgetting that these people have been watching pornography from the time they were kids, and most of the stuff they have watched are etched in their mind. Hence, when it comes to courting a woman, or dating, all they would think about is performing the acts that they have watched on the person they are trying to seduce at that particular time. The women would have no idea that this is what the males are trying to do and this in turn would turn violent if and when a woman objects to some ‘kinky fetish’ that the man has and wants to perform. There is now tremendous violence against women in the U.S. For
Iyoob 12 example, 70 percent of all victims of assault admitted to hospital emergency rooms are women beaten by their husbands or boyfriends. those who have forgotten history, such a situation has existed before: huge propaganda for violence against a group of people, and violence against that group. It occurred during the rise of the Ku Klux Klan in this country and it occurred in preHolocaust Nazi Germany. A lot of men who watch pornography stumble upon incest while surfing the internet. It is all interconnected. Every pornographic site nowadays has a string of links below each page that leads a surfer to a hundred other links. In this way a hardcore porn lover would easily get hitched onto incest as well. According to Google, the keyword search for ‘incest’ by surfers were a thousand times less than the keyword search for ‘porn’ during the last year. This shows how common incest has become amongst pornography lovers. Incest tugs on to the very roots of a family. Incest is the carnal sin in 99.9% of social norms and religions. A man watches incest and then looks at his female siblings with a different view and also looks at his mother and daughter(s) with the same dirty eyes. I believe this is the worst effect on females that pornography has. How horrible would it be for a member of a man’s own family to be looked upon with dirty thoughts in mind? Even the thought would make any normal rational human being shudder. Another case of values versus pornography that now has pretty much vanished from the public eye involved the megastar Vanessa Williams, who was Miss America in 1983. Because she posed in nude pictures before she won the title, she was stripped of her crown. The Miss America position represents traditional values of feminine honor; no woman who takes off her clothes off for public viewing could reflect those values. Perhaps Williams was flattered to think
Iyoob 13 her naked body would stimulate men all over the country. Yet she was misled by the idea still held by many men that, aside from the kitchen, a women’s place in the bedroom. Penthouse magazine, owned by Penthouse Media Group, with 2 Million magazine subscriptions in 45 countries and an estimated 30 million internet page viewers per month gives the title “Pet of the Months” to a woman who will share her nude body in erotic photographs for male readers. Such women are foolish to consider the term “Pet” an honor. It is perfectly normal for a woman to share her body, but with someone she loves- and not the whole world! Most of the women in pornography are exploited or victimized. This is an issue that is debated a lot by feminist groups. They state facts that more than 80% of the women in pornography are acting on their own free will. This might be true, but what about the rest 20%? Is it fair to justify this issue without considering the women who are actually paying the price for this industry to thrive? Young female runaways, drug addicts, prostitutes, and mentally ill women often turn to pornography for security and money. Our whole culture is affected negatively when we accept the sexual exploitation of women because we pay for the violence and crime attached to it. Respect for the human body is directly related to the degradation of women. When sex is viewed as a mutual act of love and ceases to be seen as an unconscionable act of deviant sinners, the degradation of women will end. But this is not an excuse if pornography is the cause and effect of it all. Bans, censorship, the First Amendment and even civil rights aside, the fact is that anyone who attends pornographic films is condoning violence toward women and the exploitation and degradation of women. All studies aside, it is obvious that the portrayal of women in pornography does and will affect our attitudes toward women.
Iyoob 14 Both the previous issues on effect on teenagers and its role in the degradation of women make it evident that pornography has a detrimental effect on society as a whole. Although some people show lack of concern for women in pornography, most civilized societies feel that pornography is extremely degrading. Pornographers are considered outcasts. In a well publicized case a few years back, for example, women police officers posed for nude pictures. As a result, the women were either suspended or fired from their jobs. Normal Citizens have little respect for such displays and do not tolerate this kind of behavior from people in respectable positions in our society. Pornography is more just than arts, or freedom of sexual expression, or the liberation of women. In fact, its potential harmful affects on society have been ignored because it is as terrifying to mention as death in everyday life. Father Paul Murphy, Morality in Media's late president warned, "too many decent grassroots Americans have been drifting and dreaming while a monster has grown in our midst." In reviewing the literature on the affects of pornography, there is a variety of evidence suggesting risk and the possibility of harm. "In over 90% of my patients, regardless of what the original initiating causes were-pornography may act as a facilitator... to their sexual addiction and illness," says Doctor Victor B. Cline, a psychotherapist specializing in family/marital counseling and sexual addictions at the University of Berkley. According to him, once involved, the porn-consumers kept coming back for more and still more. The material seemed to provide a very powerful sexual desire followed by sexual release, most often through masturbation. The use of pornography by its very nature isolates individuals-making them more intent on satisfying selfish needs. Once addicted, they could not throw off their dependence on the material by
Iyoob 15 themselves despite many negative consequences such as divorce, and problems with the law. Being immersed in their fantasies, they tend to have an increasing sense that "everybody does it" and this gave them permission to also do it, even though the activity was possibly illegal and contrary to their previous moral beliefs. Afterwards, "they tend to act out sexually the behaviors viewed in the pornography, including compulsive promiscuity, exhibitionism, having sex with minor children, rape, and inflicting pain on themselves or a partner during sex," said Dr. Cline. This behavior grew into sexual addiction, which they found themselves locked into-no matter what the negative consequences were in their life. The largest problem with pornography is its ability to control the user. "It is difficult for non-addicts to comprehend the totally driven nature of a sex addict," Dr. Cline added, "their addiction virtually rules their lives." An example comes from Gary Bishop, convicted homosexual pedophile who murdered five young boys in Salt Lake City, Utah, in order to conceal his sexual abuse of them. He wrote in a letter after his conviction: "Pornography was a determining factor in my downfall… For me, seeing pornography was lighting a fuse on a stick of dynamite… My conscience was desensitized and my sexual appetite entirely controlled my actions." Further research also indicates that violence can come from those who are vulnerable to pornography. Kelvin who had heavy use of pornography in an interview conducted by journalist Robert Jensen admitted "one that sticks out in my mind right now was really violent. There was pistol whipping and a man chained this woman … like a dog in a doghouse... and then have sex with her from behind." In his Kingston study, Marshal found that pornography could play a number of roles in sexual offences. In some cases, men told him that they looked at pornography with the intention only of masturbating, but then became aroused and decided to go out and assault a woman or a child.
Iyoob 16 These are vicious beyond the users of pornography. Experts estimate that as many as one in three girls and one in seven boys will be sexually molested before age eighteen. In the United States, pornography is the third largest money-maker for organized crime - after drugs and gambling - an $8 - 10 billion per year enterprise. In response to the FBI's questions on the subject, 81 percent of serial killers surveyed said that hard-core pornography was their highest sexual interest. According to the report from Dr. William Marshall, Report on the use of Pornography by Sexual Offenders, 57percent of serial rapists studied admitted to imitating scenes found in pornography. A Michigan state police study of 38,000 rapes concluded that pornography was used prior to or during the commission of the rape in 41 percent of all sexual assault cases. Some advocates of porn industries say that viewing pornography would help to improve their sex lives. However, research proves that they are wrong. In fact, pornography can cause disturbance in family life and decrease sexual satisfaction within marriage. "In my clinical experience, the major consequence of being addicted to pornography is the disturbance of the fragile bonds of intimate family and marital relationships," says Dr. Cline. He added "I have had a number of couple-clients where the wife tearfully reported that her husband preferred to masturbate to pornography than to make love to her." Betty Wein, an editor of Morality in Media " shared her experience: "it is not uncommon to receive a distressed phone call from a woman whose marriage has gone sour due to her husband's porn addiction." She further stated that "we also hear from the addicted men themselves-tortured souls seeking help after the destruction of their marriage and loss of their children." As Dr. Jennings Bryant noted, "if the values which permeate the content of most hardcore pornography are examined have been espoused in the value systems of most civilized cultures. Forget trust. Forget family. Forget love. Forget
Iyoob 17 marriage. Here, in the world of ultimate physical hedonism, anything goes." This is a real danger to the happiness of family life where a husband, for example, feels that his partner can be disposed of when he is no longer satisfied. Additionally empirical research suggests that when the experimental subjects are exposed to repeated presentations of pornography over a six-week period, "they devalue the importance of monogamy and lack confidence in marriage as a lasting institution." In a study by Mills College sociologist Diana Russell, it was found that viewing pornography would intensify the "rape myth", (that most women really enjoy having sex forced upon them) and the men were inclined to act out their fantasies. She found that when both the fantasies were acted out, they led to considerable conflict and suffering particularly in sexual relationships with their intimate partners. The victims of pornography are all around us, in a child's lost innocence, a woman's lost security and privacy, and a man's lost self-control. The women who "perform" in hard-core pornography are also victims; many are teen-age runaways, drug abusers, and victims of sexual molestation. If one saw the pornographic film Deep Throat, he would be surprised to realize that Linda Marchiano, who appeared as Linda Lovelace in the film, was "kidnapped" and forced to participate in the movie. From testimony before the Attorney General's Commission on Pornography, she described being coerced in to participating by means of mental abuse, beatings, and threats against herself and her family. "I was a victim of pornography"; that's how she concluded her story. Reflecting the pathological side of human natures, hardcore pornography features sadomasochism, incest, bestiality, group sex, bisexuality, necrophilia and other aberrations. Pornography, to be sure, has become more sick and violent. Ultimately, it destroys all human
Iyoob 18 qualities from one who becomes addicted to it. An example is the loss of compassion towards women expressed by Craig, a rapist and porn addicted in an interview. "They were made for sex and that's all. Use them and throw them away," he said. Another example is from Thomas Schiro, who was convicted of the rape and murder of a 28-year-old woman, unsuccessfully raised the defense "pornography made me do it." An expert in the case testified that continual exposure to hard-core pornography creates "a person who no longer distinguishes between violence and rape, or violence and sex." To inform his people about the invasion of pornography in their daily living, Pope John Paul II warned his flock, "by reducing the body to an instrument for the gratification of the senses, pornography frustrates authentic moral growth and undermines the development of mature and healthy relationships." If society allows pornography to flourish, young teenagers today think it is "OKAY" to hold a girl down and force her to have intercourse. When did the moral values of this society deteriorate to such a low level? When a young boy has easy access and constant exposure to such materials, the causal affects of such exposure of his mind helps him to formulate theories that support the above situation. The consequences can be seen in newspaper headlines like "Boy in rape case: Imitating video/10-year-old is held in detention home," or "Boy, 11, Who Raped 5Year-Old Says He Copied Cable TV." Already today youth have been misguided by the depiction of eye-catching pictures that contain a "harmful message," but as vulnerable and inexperienced as they are, the risk is extremely high. In a study reported to the Attorney General's Commission on Pornography by Dr. Bryant, 600 American males and females of high school age and above were interviewed about their "out of real life involvement with pornography." He found that 91% of the males and 82% of the females admitted having been exposed to X-rated, hard-core pornography. Two-thirds of the males and 40% of the females reported wanting to try out some
Iyoob 19 of the behaviors they had witnessed. And, among high school students, 31% of males and 18% of the females admitted doing some of the things sexually they had seen in the pornography within a few days after exposure. This clearly suggests the "modeling-affect or imitative-learning affect, as well as 'triggering affect,' that pornography has on human sexual behavior in some individuals," concluded Dr. Bryant. Whether pornography has any significant affects on consumers remains no longer a mystery. However, some of the "experts" who publicly insist that pornography has no affects are just unaware of the research and studies suggesting harm. Others really do not believe what they are asserting. In some cases, they are pretending not to know because of their concern over what they falsely believe is the loss of First Amendment rights. Some fear that the tyranny of a moralist minority might take away their rights to use pornography, and then later take away free speech and expression. Some themselves are sex addicts with a hidden agenda behind their public posturing. These are kinds of people who are afraid to look at the evidences for fear that they are responsible. If we don't start now to act now, and continue to ignore the seriousness of this matter, we are unconsciously contributing to the corruption of society and of our children's future. Having discussed the three major issues I would like to reiterate the fact that the detrimental effects of pornography weigh more exponentially than its supposedly beneficial effects. I would like to establish the fact that pornography is just one of those things that is entirely up to each person. Whether one views it or not, one is an advocate or not is entirely one’s own problem. I have furnished evidence above on a number of issues as to how pornography will lead one to one’s own demise.
Iyoob 20 From surveys that I have conducted, the average age of first internet exposure is at the tender age of eleven. Also, 80% of 15-17 year olds have multiple hard-core exposures online almost weekly. Also, 90% of teenagers admit to having viewed porn online, especially while doing homework. The numbers are higher onto the male side when broken down demographically. From my findings, I would like to confirm pornography’s effects on children. At the mere age of eleven being exposed to pornography would be nothing less than traumatic. I myself was first exposed to pornography when I was only 15 and that itself was distressing. Here we can see numbers and statistics on how pornography affects us. I say ‘us’ because pornography first affects children, who then grow up become adults and constitute members of our society. These societies in turn horrifyingly constitute us as well. Now how will one be able to differentiate between a pervert, a person who has been exposed and a person who hasn’t been exposed to pornography in our very own society? Since we can trace the epidemic of pornography starting from children viewing it, I believe that we can stop this epidemic by slowly influencing children and educating them. Acting as if everything is normal and not educating them about pornography will not do them any good and as a matter of fact will influence them the way present generations are being influencedThat pornography is not a big deal. Proper education and guidance to children and teenagers will clean the beginning of the chain and hence the generation and societies that will be constituted by them will be free of pornography and at the same time they will have a healthy sexuality about them.
Iyoob 21 Works Cited 1. "The Science Behind Pornography Addiction*," U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation Web site, (expert witness testimony), http://commerce.senate.gov/hearings/witnesslist.cfm?id=1343 (18 May 2005). 2. "Pornography, Sexual Callousness and the Trivialization of Rape," Journal of Communication, 1982. "The Effect of Erotica Featuring Sadomasochism and Bestiality of Motivated Inter-Male Aggressions," Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1981. 4 Rape and Marriage, 1982. 3. “The Effects of Pornography”- http://www.filterguide.com/index.htm 4. Baird, R. and Rosenbaum, S. (eds.), 1991, Pornography: Private Right or Public Menace?, Buffalo: Prometheus. 5. Cornell, D. (ed.), 2000, Feminism and Pornography, Oxford: Oxford University Press. 6. Donnerstein, E., Linz, D. and Penrod, S., 1987, The Question of Pornography: Research Findings and Policy Implications, New York: Free Press; London: Collier Macmillan. 7. Dworkin, R., 1985, "Do We Have a Right to Pornography?" in A Matter of Principle, Harvard: Harvard University Press, ch. 17. -----,1993, "Women and Pornography", New York Review of Books XL/17. 8. Edward Donnerstein, "Pornography: Its Effects on Violence Against Women," in Malamuth and Donnerstein, eds., Pornography and Sexual Aggression (New York: Academic Press, 1984).
Iyoob 22 9. Green, L., 1998, "Pornographizing, Subordinating and Silencing" in Post, R (ed.): 285311. Gruen, L. and Panichas, G. (eds.), 1997, Sex, Morality, and the Law, New York: Routledge: ch.3.
10. Hill, J. 1987, "Pornography and Degradation", Hypatia 2: 39-54. 11. Soble, A. 1985, "Pornography: Defamation and the Endorsement of Degradation", Social Theory and Practice, 11(1:XX-XX). 12. “Pornography – Its Effects” - http://antonellagambotto.com/Pornography.htm 13. "The War Against Pornography," Newsweek, 18 March 1985, 60. 14. David Alexander Scott, "How Pornography Changes Attitudes," in Pornography: The Human Tragedy, ed. Tom Minnery (Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale House Publishers).
Iyoob 23 Appendix
Internet Pornography Statistics Pornographic websites Pornographic pages Daily pornographic search engine requests Daily pornographic emails Internet users who view porn Received unwanted exposure to sexual material Average daily pornographic emails/user Monthly Pornographic downloads (Peer-to-peer) Daily Gnutella "child pornography" requests Websites offering illegal child pornography Sexual solicitations of youth made in chat rooms Youths who received sexual solicitation Worldwide visitors to pornographic web sites Internet Pornography Sales 4.2 million (12% of total websites) 420 million 68 million (25% of total search engine requests) 2.5 billion (8% of total emails) 42.7% 34% 4.5 per Internet user 1.5 billion (35% of all downloads) 116,000 100,000 89% 1 in 7 (down from 2003 stat of 1 in 3) 72 million visitors to pornography: Monthly $4.9 billion
Children Internet Pornography Statistics
Iyoob 24 Average age of first Internet exposure to pornography Largest consumer of Internet pornography 15-17 year olds having multiple hard-core exposures 8-16 year olds having viewed porn online 7-17 year olds who would freely give out home address 7-17 year olds who would freely give out email address Children's character names linked to thousands of porn links
11 years old 35 - 49 age group 80% 90% (most while doing homework) 29% 14% 26 (Including Pokemon and Action Man)
Adult Internet Pornography Statistics Men admitting to accessing pornography at work US adults who regularly visit Internet pornography websites Promise Keeper men who viewed pornography in last week Christians who said pornography is a major problem in the home Adults admitting to Internet sexual addiction Breakdown of male/female visitors to pornography sites 20% 40 million 53% 47% 10% 72% male - 28% female
Women and Pornography
Women keeping their cyber activities secret Women struggling with pornography addiction Ratio of women to men favoring chat rooms Percentage of visitors to adult websites who are women Women accessing adult websites each month Women admitting to accessing pornography at work
70% 17% 2X 1 in 3 visitors
9.4 million 13%
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