AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE

1.

The two great questions about politics addressed by your text are, Who governs? and a. b. c. d. e. Who pays? To what ends? With what means? For how long? Who votes?

2.

The two great questions about politics addressed by your text are a. b. c. d. e. Who votes? and Why? Who governs? and To what ends? Who runs for office? and Who pays? Who is right? and Why? For how long?

3.

The relationship between the two central questions addressed by your text ”Who governs? and To what ends?” can best be described in what way? a. b. c. d. e. They are two distinct questions, but each must be considered with the other in mind. They are essentially two different versions of the same question. Who governs? deals with the purpose of politics; To what ends? deals with who holds political power. They are two separate and distinct questions that should be addressed without reference to each other. They are questions which cannot be separated without considering the very nature of politics.

4.

Today, the U.S. federal income tax takes an average of what percent of taxpayers' income? a. b. c. d. e. 10 15 21 43 45

5.

The text argues that political power and political purposes are a. b. c. d. e. one and the same thing. frequently at odds with each other. occasionally overlapping concepts. inextricably intertwined. rarely joined in any obvious way.

6.

The text argues that political power is inextricably bound with a. b. c. d. e. mass media power. economic theories. an elitist attitude. religious and moral values. political purposes.

Your text notes that. vote without being influenced by outside forces. according to your text's definition? a. public economic. e. simple. social 12. government's involvement in the everyday lives of Americans in the 1990s is a. Power is best defined as the capacity to a. over time. d. be present at behind-the-scenes political meetings. b. because the spouse of a president is a legitimate member of a political elite. respect your positions without fully believing them. persuade others to do what they do not want to do. e. a. e. c. considerably less. No. c. complicated public. Is this an example of political power. because the exercise of political power requires overt action. slightly less. d. slightly greater. e. No. Individuals have power when they are able to a. make and carry out decisions without regard to others. because the spouse of a president lacks the formal authority to exercise political power. e. d. c. Compared with the 1950s.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 7. public economic international moral private 11. get others to act in accordance with your intentions. b. a. d. No. The text notes a tendency for issues that once were ________ to become ________. Yes. get elected to office. c. political private. c. b. . because she's gotten the president to act according to her intentions. serve their fellow human beings. get others to do what they want. 8. b. Yes. The president's wife gets him to change his position on abortion. considerably greater. about the same. e. secret social. because abortion is not mentioned in the Constitution. d. 9. more and more issues in this country have tended to become ________ ones. c. b. b. d. believe in others while motivating yourself. 10.

e. People who run for office are trying to achieve what kind of authority? a. popular consensus. d. Constitution. b. . respected lasting formal ultimate informal 16. governmental office. d.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 13. This notion is unanimously recognized. This notion is widely accepted today. e.S. Bill of Rights. Which of the following statements about the U. If you decided that you wanted to achieve some formal authority in U.S. society. but developing. will of the people. c.S. 14. in the United States. c. b. U. c. e. pursue elective or appointive office. b. Constitution as a source of legitimate authority is true? a. The texts suggests that. Formal authority refers to a right to exercise power that is derived from a(n) a. at the time of the American Revolution when it was written in Philadelphia after 1787. The primary source of legitimate political authority in the United States is the a. 15. no government at any level would be considered legitimate if it were not in some sense a. d. d. c. notion of civil rights. b. consensus. you would be best advised to a. When did the U. official ceremony. 17. c. e. e. b. b. get a formal education. e. This notion is accepted by many historians. democratic. join a political party. concept of civil liberty. 19. d. join an effective interest group. This notion has been accepted since 1787.S. d. This notion is vague. gradually only in recent years after the Supreme Court’s decision in Marbury 18. c. majority vote. become well versed in the law. Constitution become a source of legitimate authority? a.

d. c. elitist. e. . altruistic. aristocratic.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE b. humanitarian.

and how. who shall govern. b. e. The year 1787 was when the Declaration of Independence was drafted. Constitution was written. a. the Civil War. a. d. c. In the year 1787. b.S. 1779. part of Georgia.S. who gets what.S. . c. when. U. what constitutes legitimate authority. 21. b. The author cites the early presidential administrations. d. e. occupied by France. 1789. 22. Washington and Hamilton first considered creating a new government. one of the original thirteen colonies. d. 23. a. and the New Deal as examples of struggles over a. d. e. The U. Annapolis Convention was held. c. 1787. 1776. Florida was still unoccupied. occupied by Spain. Constitution was ratified by the thirteenth state. when progress is possible. Constitution was signed in the year 1775. e. b. c. how power is accumulated. U.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 20.

warlike but with a common spirit of right and justice. appointed by state committees. selected by state governors.S. b. a. d. Public mood in the thirteen states between the time of the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the signing of the U. 25. d. Under the Articles of Confederation. The economy was strong and the British military was on the verge of complete collapse. c. . establish a national judicial system. b. b. e. fearful and tumultuous. c. Which statement most accurately summarizes the aftermath of the American Revolution? Many cities were in ruins and the British were still a powerful presence. c. None of these. Taxes were low and the currency was sound. e. None of these. delegates to the national legislature were elected by the people. c. unified and fearless.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 24. brash and arrogant. Constitution can best be described as confident and calmly optimistic. e. a. levy taxes. the national government could run the Post Office. e. 26. d. regulate commerce. a. d. Spain and Britain were no longer relevant on this continent. b. a. 27. chosen by the state legislatures. Under the Articles of Confederation. Cities were booming and the currency was strong.

If the United States were operating today under the Articles of Confederation. e. U. a. 30. popular vote.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 28. e. the individual states. c. a. c. e. c. Constitution. Amendment required the support of all thirteen states.S. the executive branch. d. issues such as the effect of acid rain on the environment would be handled by Congress. B and D. d. the right to run a national Post Office. Articles of Confederation. b. the right to make peace. e. d. b. d. 31. There was no national judicial branch. c. Among the rights reserved by Congress following the signing of the Articles of Confederation in 1781 were all of the following except the right to settle state claims. b. None of these. The power to operate a postal service was given to the national government by the Declaration of Independence. a. All of the following were true of the government under the Articles of Confederation except Larger states had more votes in the national legislature. Bill of Rights. The national government could not regulate commerce. the Supreme Court. b. . 29. the right to coin money. The national government could not levy taxes. a.

draft a Declaration of Independence. e. John Adams. The Federalist papers contain the results of studies of various forms of government assembled by Benjamin Franklin. d. revise the Articles of Confederation. d. and aristocracies to learn about the formation of a government. confederations. George Washington. adopt a common state constitution. e. prepare for a second Revolution. b. a. James Madison. e. b. Two Treatises on Government. c. b. Revolutionary Governments (Parts 1-4). Thomas Jefferson. 34. . b. d. a. d.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 32. his essay "On Liberty. a. c. a. e. James Madison examined historical data on republics. c. which of the following issues would have to be handled by the states? arms reduction negotiations interstate commerce postal regulation protecting the environment against acid rain all of these 33. His conclusions are found in the Federalist papers. If the United States were still operating under the Articles of Confederation." his personal diary. The purpose of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 was to prepare a new constitution. 35. c.

A state constitution notable in the 1780s for its democratic nature was that of Connecticut. used as a model in Germany. Compared to the Pennsylvania state constitution of 1776. 39. The Pennsylvania constitution was notable for being very democratic. with power given to a one-house legislature. based on documents from Russia. c. more democratic. with power residing largely in the hands of the courts. less democratic. d. Virginia. created by immigrants from Spain. the protection it granted to minorities. a. c. 37. a. c. c. e. more democratic. New York. a. with power residing largely in the hands of a strong executive council. Georgia. more democratic.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 36. d. the cause of several riots in Great Britain. d. a. the constitution adopted by Massachusetts in 1780 was less democratic. . the opposition it drew from French philosophers. b. with a clear separation of powers among the various branches of government. All of these. b. Pennsylvania. with power residing largely in the hands of the people through town meetings. e. e. d. The Pennsylvania constitution was hailed by philosophers in France. 38. b. the members of which were elected to one-year terms. granting so much power to the executive. b. e.

discourage attendance by delegates fearing a public outcry against any strengthening of the Articles of Confederation. e. c. b. if the Supreme Court reached the opposite conclusion on the right of Congress to charter a bank. imposed no tax whatever. 41. Madison. e. 43. a. d. 44. U.S. .AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 40. established a national bank in each county. c. did not allow Congress to create a national bank. declared illegal. taxed the bank into bankruptcy. was established by Congress. d. c. In McCulloch v. Maryland. a. had the Supreme Court reached the opposite conclusion on the question of whether a state could tax a national bank. resorted to nullification. Maryland. e. Maryland. Missouri. d. b. was established by the states. the bank would have been taken over by the state of Maryland. In McCulloch v. clearly established state superiority. McCulloch v. discourage attendance by delegates fearing intervention by the British. v. b. c. encourage attendance by delegates fearing intervention by the British. Any state could legally have taxed the national bank into bankruptcy if the Supreme Court had reversed itself in Marbury v. taken over by the federal government. Miranda v. The effect of Shays's Rebellion on attendance by delegates at the planned Constitutional Convention of 1787 was to encourage attendance by delegates fearing the collapse of state governments. b. Wade. established in each of the states. d. Roe v. e. taxed only the bank's interstate business. b. a. d. The lynchpin of Marshall’s opinion in the McCulloch case was that the Constitution a. 42. taken over by the federal judiciary. e. c. Wilson. was established by the people. Maryland could legally have a. discourage attendance by delegates who fought in the Revolutionary War.

c. Constitution. d. e. d. place limits on the constitutional powers granted to Congress by refusing McCulloch's appeal. reciprocity. nullification. confirm the supremacy of the federal government in the exercise of the constitutional powers granted to Congress. States cannot declare acts of Congress unconstitutional. An important outcome of Marshall's ruling in McCulloch v. c. e. 47. William Jennings Randolph. Robert E. d. give greater power to the states in taxing agents of the federal government. The doctrine of states' rights espoused by John C. 48. In other words. c. b. the case for nullification was forcefully presented by a. e. Calhoun of South Carolina is best known as a. Constitution. b.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 45. the power of Congress to veto state laws that violate the U. dual federalism.S. restrict the power of the Court in cases involving conflicts between states and the federal government. Calhoun.E. c. 49. reification. manufacturing. d. . the authority of the president to dissolve Congress and to call for new elections. Maryland (1819) was to a. b. including banks. subordination. licensing of commercial fishermen. Stuart. During the battle over slavery. interposition.S. c. 50. the power of the president to veto state laws for violating the U. the claimed authority of the states to declare a federal law void for violating the U. e.B.S. Lee. commerce. welfare. J. d. b. states do not have the right of a. e. The doctrine of nullification refers to a. recall. e. banking. protect newspaper editors who publish stories critical of the federal government. The doctrine of dual federalism grew out of a protracted debate on the subject of a. local mandate. b. c. 46. b. the power of the federal government to invalidate state laws on matters of commerce. Constitution. William Graham Sumner. nullification. d. habeas corpus. John C.

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