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AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE

1.

The two great questions about politics addressed by your text are, Who governs? and a. b. c. d. e. Who pays? To what ends? With what means? For how long? Who votes?

2.

The two great questions about politics addressed by your text are a. b. c. d. e. Who votes? and Why? Who governs? and To what ends? Who runs for office? and Who pays? Who is right? and Why? For how long?

3.

The relationship between the two central questions addressed by your text ”Who governs? and To what ends?” can best be described in what way? a. b. c. d. e. They are two distinct questions, but each must be considered with the other in mind. They are essentially two different versions of the same question. Who governs? deals with the purpose of politics; To what ends? deals with who holds political power. They are two separate and distinct questions that should be addressed without reference to each other. They are questions which cannot be separated without considering the very nature of politics.

4.

Today, the U.S. federal income tax takes an average of what percent of taxpayers' income? a. b. c. d. e. 10 15 21 43 45

5.

The text argues that political power and political purposes are a. b. c. d. e. one and the same thing. frequently at odds with each other. occasionally overlapping concepts. inextricably intertwined. rarely joined in any obvious way.

6.

The text argues that political power is inextricably bound with a. b. c. d. e. mass media power. economic theories. an elitist attitude. religious and moral values. political purposes.

because the spouse of a president lacks the formal authority to exercise political power. considerably greater. The president's wife gets him to change his position on abortion. public economic international moral private 11. government's involvement in the everyday lives of Americans in the 1990s is a. c. a. e. because the exercise of political power requires overt action. get others to do what they want. make and carry out decisions without regard to others. c. Yes. c. Is this an example of political power. political private. c. c. d. 8. b. considerably less.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 7. vote without being influenced by outside forces. social 12. slightly less. 9. get others to act in accordance with your intentions. Your text notes that. persuade others to do what they do not want to do. d. d. Compared with the 1950s. be present at behind-the-scenes political meetings. b. e. b. over time. get elected to office. about the same. slightly greater. e. . public economic. c. e. e. No. more and more issues in this country have tended to become ________ ones. d. secret social. serve their fellow human beings. No. b. a. Power is best defined as the capacity to a. Individuals have power when they are able to a. because the spouse of a president is a legitimate member of a political elite. complicated public. d. b. e. b. according to your text's definition? a. respect your positions without fully believing them. 10. No. Yes. The text notes a tendency for issues that once were ________ to become ________. because she's gotten the president to act according to her intentions. d. believe in others while motivating yourself. simple. because abortion is not mentioned in the Constitution.

d. join an effective interest group. e. e. This notion is accepted by many historians. join a political party. no government at any level would be considered legitimate if it were not in some sense a.S. The texts suggests that. democratic. 17. 14. in the United States. e. Formal authority refers to a right to exercise power that is derived from a(n) a. c. This notion is unanimously recognized. majority vote. This notion has been accepted since 1787. d. This notion is vague.S. but developing. governmental office. 15. get a formal education. you would be best advised to a. will of the people. society. c. concept of civil liberty. d. b. d. The primary source of legitimate political authority in the United States is the a. consensus.S. c. gradually only in recent years after the Supreme Court’s decision in Marbury 18. b.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 13.S. popular consensus. If you decided that you wanted to achieve some formal authority in U. at the time of the American Revolution when it was written in Philadelphia after 1787. e. 19. c. People who run for office are trying to achieve what kind of authority? a. d. When did the U. d. c. notion of civil rights. Bill of Rights. e. c. b. b. b. b. Constitution as a source of legitimate authority is true? a. official ceremony. Which of the following statements about the U. . pursue elective or appointive office. e. Constitution. respected lasting formal ultimate informal 16. Constitution become a source of legitimate authority? a. become well versed in the law. This notion is widely accepted today. U.

aristocratic. altruistic. c. d. humanitarian. elitist. .AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE b. e.

b. a. d. who gets what. . e. Florida was still unoccupied. e. 23. 22. c. and how. c. e. d.S.S. occupied by France. b. occupied by Spain. d. U. c. what constitutes legitimate authority. the Civil War. part of Georgia. Annapolis Convention was held. d. how power is accumulated. who shall govern. when progress is possible. when. Constitution was signed in the year 1775. Constitution was ratified by the thirteenth state.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 20. 1787. U. b. c. The U. Washington and Hamilton first considered creating a new government. 1789.S. The author cites the early presidential administrations. b. 1776. 1779. The year 1787 was when the Declaration of Independence was drafted. e. In the year 1787. Constitution was written. 21. and the New Deal as examples of struggles over a. one of the original thirteen colonies. a. a.

appointed by state committees. e. fearful and tumultuous. Taxes were low and the currency was sound. Spain and Britain were no longer relevant on this continent. c. unified and fearless. b. establish a national judicial system. c. Constitution can best be described as confident and calmly optimistic. a. b. . e. warlike but with a common spirit of right and justice. b. b. d. a. 27. c. Cities were booming and the currency was strong. d. Which statement most accurately summarizes the aftermath of the American Revolution? Many cities were in ruins and the British were still a powerful presence.S.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 24. the national government could run the Post Office. e. None of these. Under the Articles of Confederation. 25. delegates to the national legislature were elected by the people. brash and arrogant. e. d. selected by state governors. a. None of these. Under the Articles of Confederation. The economy was strong and the British military was on the verge of complete collapse. levy taxes. Public mood in the thirteen states between the time of the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the signing of the U. regulate commerce. 26. chosen by the state legislatures. a. c. d.

d. e. the individual states.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 28. All of the following were true of the government under the Articles of Confederation except Larger states had more votes in the national legislature. a. Constitution. issues such as the effect of acid rain on the environment would be handled by Congress. the Supreme Court. Bill of Rights. d. The national government could not levy taxes. a. b. None of these. e. Articles of Confederation. Amendment required the support of all thirteen states. the right to coin money. The power to operate a postal service was given to the national government by the Declaration of Independence. c. 29. U. a. e. the right to run a national Post Office. e. a. c. the executive branch. c. 31.S. c. If the United States were operating today under the Articles of Confederation. the right to make peace. b. popular vote. 30. The national government could not regulate commerce. b. d. There was no national judicial branch. d. Among the rights reserved by Congress following the signing of the Articles of Confederation in 1781 were all of the following except the right to settle state claims. b. . B and D.

and aristocracies to learn about the formation of a government. b. The Federalist papers contain the results of studies of various forms of government assembled by Benjamin Franklin. If the United States were still operating under the Articles of Confederation. George Washington. a. adopt a common state constitution. e. c. Thomas Jefferson. revise the Articles of Confederation. d. c. 34. d. d. a." his personal diary. e. b. e. a. John Adams. b. a. confederations. e. draft a Declaration of Independence. prepare for a second Revolution. . 35. c. His conclusions are found in the Federalist papers.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 32. The purpose of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 was to prepare a new constitution. James Madison. his essay "On Liberty. Revolutionary Governments (Parts 1-4). c. which of the following issues would have to be handled by the states? arms reduction negotiations interstate commerce postal regulation protecting the environment against acid rain all of these 33. d. b. Two Treatises on Government. James Madison examined historical data on republics.

AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 36. New York. b. b. created by immigrants from Spain. the protection it granted to minorities. with power residing largely in the hands of the people through town meetings. d. . 38. with power given to a one-house legislature. a. c. used as a model in Germany. Virginia. granting so much power to the executive. The Pennsylvania constitution was notable for being very democratic. All of these. the cause of several riots in Great Britain. e. d. more democratic. b. b. e. Georgia. more democratic. d. c. A state constitution notable in the 1780s for its democratic nature was that of Connecticut. The Pennsylvania constitution was hailed by philosophers in France. c. d. based on documents from Russia. Compared to the Pennsylvania state constitution of 1776. with power residing largely in the hands of a strong executive council. the constitution adopted by Massachusetts in 1780 was less democratic. e. 39. less democratic. a. with power residing largely in the hands of the courts. with a clear separation of powers among the various branches of government. a. Pennsylvania. e. a. more democratic. the members of which were elected to one-year terms. the opposition it drew from French philosophers. c. 37.

discourage attendance by delegates fearing intervention by the British. Maryland. c. the bank would have been taken over by the state of Maryland. d. Miranda v. established in each of the states. imposed no tax whatever. taken over by the federal government. did not allow Congress to create a national bank.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 40. b. was established by Congress. In McCulloch v. e. taxed only the bank's interstate business. b. c. if the Supreme Court reached the opposite conclusion on the right of Congress to charter a bank. e. Maryland. Wade. The effect of Shays's Rebellion on attendance by delegates at the planned Constitutional Convention of 1787 was to encourage attendance by delegates fearing the collapse of state governments. was established by the states. In McCulloch v. clearly established state superiority. v. encourage attendance by delegates fearing intervention by the British. Missouri. a. 42. Maryland could legally have a. b. e.S. d. Madison. McCulloch v. The lynchpin of Marshall’s opinion in the McCulloch case was that the Constitution a. 43. discourage attendance by delegates who fought in the Revolutionary War. 41. Any state could legally have taxed the national bank into bankruptcy if the Supreme Court had reversed itself in Marbury v. d. e. Roe v. declared illegal. c. Maryland. a. a. had the Supreme Court reached the opposite conclusion on the question of whether a state could tax a national bank. c. . resorted to nullification. b. d. Wilson. discourage attendance by delegates fearing a public outcry against any strengthening of the Articles of Confederation. U. taxed the bank into bankruptcy. taken over by the federal judiciary. was established by the people. 44. c. e. d. b. established a national bank in each county.

Lee. local mandate.B. the authority of the president to dissolve Congress and to call for new elections. c. . subordination. 47. manufacturing. the power of the president to veto state laws for violating the U. An important outcome of Marshall's ruling in McCulloch v. welfare. Stuart. 50. c. e. Constitution.S. give greater power to the states in taxing agents of the federal government. John C. Robert E. The doctrine of nullification refers to a. banking. place limits on the constitutional powers granted to Congress by refusing McCulloch's appeal. J. the claimed authority of the states to declare a federal law void for violating the U. including banks. d. b. d. the power of Congress to veto state laws that violate the U. b. nullification. commerce. The doctrine of states' rights espoused by John C. 46. b. d. Maryland (1819) was to a. e. b. During the battle over slavery.AP AMERICAN GOVERNMENT – MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 45. licensing of commercial fishermen. e. c. The doctrine of dual federalism grew out of a protracted debate on the subject of a. the power of the federal government to invalidate state laws on matters of commerce. b. interposition. 48. William Graham Sumner. c. dual federalism. Calhoun of South Carolina is best known as a. d. Calhoun. states do not have the right of a. the case for nullification was forcefully presented by a. protect newspaper editors who publish stories critical of the federal government. William Jennings Randolph. e. restrict the power of the Court in cases involving conflicts between states and the federal government. recall. Constitution.E. c. habeas corpus. States cannot declare acts of Congress unconstitutional. reciprocity.S. reification.S. Constitution. confirm the supremacy of the federal government in the exercise of the constitutional powers granted to Congress. c. d. 49. b. d. In other words. e. nullification. e.