Name _______________________Date:_________________ AP Biology Chapter 8 homework e. entropic 1. Which of these is exhibiting kinetic energy? 4.

In your body, what process converts the chemical energy found in glucose a. a rock on a mountain ledge into the chemical energy found in ATP? b. the high-energy phosphate bonds of a molecule of ATP a. potentiation c. a person sitting on a couch while b. cellular respiration watching TV c. digestion d. an archer with a flexed bow d. anabolism e. a space station orbiting Earth e. redox 2. "Conservation of energy" refers to the fact that _____. a. the entropy of the universe is always increasing b. if you conserve energy you will not be as tired c. the net amount of disorder is always increasing d. no chemical reaction is 100 percent efficient e. energy cannot be created or destroyed but can be converted from one form to another

5. Which of these are by-products of cellular respiration? a. ATP, carbon dioxide, and water b. glucose, carbon dioxide, and water c. ATP and carbon dioxide d. heat, carbon dioxide, and water e. carbon dioxide and water

6. Which of these is ATP? a.

b. 3. Chemical energy is a form of _____ energy. a. kinetic energy b. heat energy c. potential d. motion

c.

____________________________________________________________________________________ Campbell/Reece Biology, Sixth Edition, © Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

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7. endergonic b. In this reaction _____. a. the products have been rearranged to form reactants e. The reaction A --> B + C + heat is released in a(n) _____ reaction. dehydration decomposition d. entropy has decreased d. In this reaction _____. Inc. the kinetic energy of the reactants is less than that of the products c. CD is a product c. exchange e. disorder has decreased e. dehydration synthesis c. 9. the chemical energy of the products is greater than that of the reactants b. AC is a reactant d. anabolism b. a. endergonic c. What type of reaction breaks the bonds that join the phosphate groups in an ATP molecule? a. entropy has decreased d. anabolic 11. (Activity 6C) a. e. exergonic d. Sixth Edition. hydrolysis c. publishing as Benjamin Cummings 34 . chemical ____________________________________________________________________________________ Campbell/Reece Biology.b. anabolic b. © Pearson Education. the products have less potential energy than the reactants a.. dehydration synthesis e. heat has been released to the environment 10. entropic 8. A(n) _____ reaction occurs spontaneously.

synthesis d. This graph illustrates a(n) _____ reaction. uphill c. Inc. 17. The energy for an endergonic reaction comes from a(n) _____ reaction. exergonic b. ADP d. publishing as Benjamin Cummings 35 . It is acquired by a reactant in an endergonic reaction. d. © Pearson Education. chemical d. Select the INCORRECT association.. positional energy b.. catabolic 18. glucose + glucose --> maltose 12. It is acquired by a reactant in an exergonic reaction. potential energy . ATP e. hydrolysis d. catabolic 13.. endergonic c. a.. b. glucose b. kinetic e. It is broken down into one phosphorus and four oxygen atoms. It is used to convert an ATP into an AQP. a. c.. hydrolysis b. endergonic d. It is acquired by a reactant in a spontaneous reaction. exergonic e.d. The reaction ADP + Pi --> ATP is a(n) _____ reaction. exergonic . exergonic e. endergonic e. spontaneous b. exergonic c. sugar 14. enzyme . protein ____________________________________________________________________________________ Campbell/Reece Biology. ADP + Pi --> ATP 16. a. e. Sixth Edition. as spontaneous reactions. hydrolysis c. a. what is usually the immediate source of energy for an endergonic reaction? a. spontaneous 15. ATP --> ADP + Pi e. endergonic reactions do not need an addition of energy c.. exergonic c. What is the fate of the phosphate group that is removed when ATP is converted to ADP? a. In cells.. Which of these reactions requires a net input of energy from its surroundings? a. anabolic b.

adding a phosphate group to a reactant b.. the hydrolysis of ATP to ADP + Pi 24. c. exergonic . nucleic acids e. What is energy coupling? a. loses energy d. uphill 22. active sites d. a.. is unchanged e.d. lipids d. reducing EA a. the use of an enzyme to reduce EA c. increases the EA of a reaction d. the use of energy released from an exergonic reaction to drive an endergonic reaction e. energy of activation c. publishing as Benjamin Cummings 36 . proteins 25. increasing the potential energy difference between reactant and product e. enzyme energy e. a. EA b. a. a barrier to the initiation of a reaction d. Enzymes are _____. an enzyme _____. is a inorganic catalyst e. reactors e. permanently alters its shape. decreasing the potential energy difference between reactant and product c. substrate energy d. substrate 19. What name is given to the reactants in an enzymatically catalyzed reaction? a. © Pearson Education. products c. a. is used up 20. spontaneous e. motion 23. is a source of energy for endergonic reactions b. Sixth Edition. a description of the energetic relationship between the reactants and products in an exergonic reaction b.. What is the correct label for "A"? 21. As a result of its involvement in a reaction. loses a phosphate group b. carbohydrates b.. Enzymes work by _____. kinetic energy . can bind to nearly any molecule ____________________________________________________________________________________ Campbell/Reece Biology. adding energy to a reaction d. An enzyme _____.. ATP b. minerals c. is an organic catalyst c. Inc.