The fall of Saigon: Vietnam War, 1975

May 2, 2009 Block 5 After fighting for independence from the French, Vietnam was left divided up in 1954. After the Paris peace Accords, a big line was drawn in the middle of the country.

S. communists bombarded the heart of Saigon just to give the people a taste of what was coming.000 made it. But soon enough. the fall of Saigon. President Huong offered a cease fire. which were anti-communists. But President Gerald Ford had another idea.S. Scores of Vietnamese 2|Page . 1968. On April 27th. Without any military help from the U.000 troops over to Vietnam by 1965. After Thieu resigned. On April 21st 1975.North Vietnam was communists and South Vietnam was anti-communists. Therefore. At first. none of the people from the North were allowed to go into the South because apparently they were communists. so they decided to pull their troops out of Vietnam and left my March 1973. President Nguyen Van Thieu of the South resigned in a bitter speech all over the television. the U. were not happy with half of their country being communists. former commander William C. only 14. take over and unify the country. On April 14th.000 communist soldiers. On April 26th. President Richard Nixon provided arms and resources to South Vietnam. many homeless children were evacuated to the U. Tran Van Huong stepped up and took his place as the new President of South Vietnam. Westmoreland wanted to help and send troops over to airstrike over the North. the city of Saigon was surrounded by 30. but it was too late. the North army was already on their way down and getting ready for the attack.S figured that the communist army was too strong. the U. Saigon didn’t stand a chance with all the communist soldiers and all their deadly weapons. On April 4th 1975.S had Saigon’s back and sent 500. The Saigon regimes. he wanted to send troops over to Vietnam to help evacuate the people and civilians of South Vietnam. this lead to the final battle. This left the South regime to fight the war all on its own. This lead to the decision made by the Communist Party Leadership in Hanoi to invade the South.

It was so crowded to the point where the marine guards had to close the gates to not let anybody through. The marine guards on the other hand. The attack of Tan Son Nhat airbase killed 2 U.S soldiers rather than saving all the Vietnamese people whose life depended on them. they climbed the walls. but apparently that was impossible. There were about 900 Americans left and the Vietnamese people did not let them leave unless they could come too. The evacuation process was slowed by something called Martin’s Foot Dragging. which was one of the weaknesses of South Vietnam.S embassy. Those thousands of people were pushing and pulling each other out of the way to get themselves to the gate of the U. The communists rendered all but one runway useless. pushed their way through the gate. and did whatever it took to get them on the helicopter and leave. The National Security Leader. The ambassador wanted the Americans to stay and help until the last minute. The marine guards then 3|Page . The morning of April 29th.S marines. but the communists ignored his request and made their way to Tan Son Nhat airbase. He also offered a cease fire. there were ships waiting for the helicopters to come to evacuate those people. Tan Son Nhat airbase. They all were flashing papers that they thought authorized them a passage to be evacuated out of the city. thousands of Vietnamese civilians made their way to the U. This angered President Ford and he once again wanted to pull all American soldiers back out of Vietnam.S embassy.S embassy.planes were destroyed on ground. People had no electricity and no communication. Nearly 4 thousand people stormed the ground of the U. were told to only evacuate the American soldiers. Duong Van “Big” Minh became the new President. April 28th. Kissinger decided that it was more important to save all the U. Off to the coast of Vietnam.

they could just be sitting in their house and a bomb could go off and they die. without a house to live in or any food to eat. People were homeless. And to achieve their goal of unifying the country. at least 5. Sometimes. about 400.S marine guards told them that war was over. and houses and villages were burned down to ashes. 4|Page . there were so many innocent victims and damages that were made in the South. Many people were homeless. the people of Saigon were cut off from all their main food resources. But when they landed their helicopters. or maybe even devastated with the death of a family member. Two days before the final battle.000 U.000 civilians dead and 1 million others wounded. In conclusion. Also the Tan Son Nhut airbase was badly damaged. Finally. they crashed into the Presidential palace. Throughout the time of the war. the North ended up winning the war like they planned to. In the South. imagine life like that right now.had to pull people up the walls to the roof of the embassy to be evacuated. there were about 750. people were dying. literally. Just think of what could possibly be going through their minds at that time. People basically spent every minute wondering if they’re going to die or when they’re going to die. dead. wounded. Some Vietnamese pilots also flew their helicopters to the U. In the end.S soldiers either dead or wounded.000 people were evacuated. no more fighting and the marine guards pushed all of the helicopters off of the ship into the ocean.S ship thinking that they could refuel and go fight again. hungry. the U. because it could happen at any moment. Bombs went off. including Vietnamese civilians and Americans. People were killed even if they had nothing to do with it. a communist airplane would try to drop a bomb on a specific target but end up missing and hitting the civilians.

Over 1 million industrious and educated people were forced to flee the country. and end up either killed or imprisoned. most of those people were the ones that helped the U. some might be released after a few months but others may be imprisoned for more than 10 years. Most of the death and damages was the responsibility of the United States. What was Saigon is now Ho Chi Minh City. Also people tried to flee the country by boats that they built themselves. North forces controlled all of Vietnam.000 people were sent there. People who were rich also tried to buy airplane tickets to other countries.formed a semicircle and raised their flag in victory. it had definitely taken its toll on all the Vietnamese people and the American soldiers. 5|Page . Victory might have been good for the communists but it was the beginning of the end for the survivors in the South. About 1. They also captured and imprisoned the President of South Vietnam. These people were called the “Boat People”. People were putting their lives on the line but they were risking it all just for their own freedom.5 million South civilians were forced to move to small farm communities on the country sides. But even if they do get pass the officers. then they die. They also sent many people to Re-education camps. people would get caught by a communist officer. their boat could sink in the middle of the ocean because they were so unprofessionally built or just with materials that weren’t strong enough to sail the ocean. By noon of April 29th. About 200. Many people were devastated by the end of the war that lasted for 30 years. Those people were forced to do hard labor. Communists took over the radio station and renamed to city. they live but if they refuse.S during the time of the war. if they obey. but apparently none of the planes were able to take off. They have a very small chance of getting away successfully but most of the time.

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1960-1980. Philip. MI: Lucent Books. Farmington Hills. Kluss.html>." Www. and Carol Schneider.internationalviewpoint. 7|Page . Lynn. Farmington The Fall Of Vietnam.php?page=print_article&id_artcle=771>. Gavin. MI: Bonnie "North Vietnamese Invasion. The Twentieth Century. Karen Bernhart.internationalviewpoint. 2003. 2009 <http://www. 13 Apr. The Vietnam War. Ann Clarkson. 10 Apr." Www. Upper Saddle River. 2009 <http://www. 2004. NJ: Globe Fearon Educational Publisher. "The fall of Saigon. Bussey. May 2005. Jennifer A.