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INTRODUCTION
1.1.INDUSTRY PROFILE
Textile Industry is playing an important role in the economic development in India. There are more than 300 million employees working in this industrial sector under private and public management next to agriculture, textile industry is the largest sector giving employment to the people.

Cotton industry in India is the largest organized and board based institution in India. Industry, which contributes 20% in countries total industrial production and 38% of total exports.

Indian government established National Textile Corporation (NTC) in 1968. At present NTC is managing 124 - textile mill in the country. The paid up capital of corporation is Rs. 234.28 crores and about 9.5 crores meters cloth is being produced by NTC in country.

Now India earns Rs. 35000 crores every year from Textile. Industry India has more spinning mills and looms factories next to China, the large and small scale industries are mainly situated in Maharastra, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu in Coimbatore.

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Coimbatore is known as Manchester of South India. In this district about 5 Lakhs persons are directly and indirectly employed through industries. Textile sectors in the coimbatore city has unique development area in the industrial activities.

Education is must to lie the present stage. Education is derived in two ways. The first one is theoretical way and the other is practical way. Education becomes valid when it is properly used for the practical purpose. It can be achieved through the gateway of industrial training and research studies by keeping the above points in mind. The ADITYA

INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY has the industrial training as important components of education for the students of school of management studies. These two connect theoretical to practical purpose under the placement training. We were to undergo the training in industry for 6 weeks. We have undergone the training at the Together Textile Mills India Private Limited.

The textile industry is one of the largest foreign exchange earners. Accounting for nearly 16-18% of the countries total exports. India supplies 28-30% of World’s apparel market. A percentage that has unfortunately remained stable for past 15 years. The Indian apparel export and domestic export catered by 3000 manufacturing units spread over places like Mumbai, Delhi, Tirupur, Coimbatore, Kolkatta, Ludhiana, Bangalore, Etc… These employee 3-5 million people in manufacturing and allied activities.

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1.2.COMPANY PROFILE

Together Textile Mills India Private Limited was established in the year 1997. This is a composite mill(all under one roof). The company which is backed by competent managerial foresight an quick decision making policies. The company is equipped with top of the line plant and machinery and state of the art.

Infrastructure employing about 500 workers. They convert Grey yarn to Fabric. They do with dyeing, weaving, up to garment finishing. Together Textile Mills India Private Limited works on the outsourced orders from THE SHIRT COMPANY INDIA LIMITED. Today the company boasts of some of the best infrastructure to create and deliver with time saving deadlines. Together Textile Mills India Private Limited manufacturing shirts only. It is 100% cotton export oriented company. They have customers in all over the world especially in European Countries. They don’t have any particular brand name. The brand name for the product are given according to the design from buyers information.

The company began with the chase of a dream of a world class unit. That would produce the best quality shirts in India. Mr.Shivanand B Shetty was the man behind the materialization. To present day Together Textile Mills India Private Limited maintains a high profile quality regimen to honour commitments to excellence. Entire process of manufacturing at Together Textile Mills India Private Limited is preplanned and sequenced for time optimization. 3

 An ISO 9001 certified mill with vertically integrated operations right from yarn dyeing to fabric weaving and fabric finishing.  Capacity: 1.5 tones of yarn dyeing per day. 2, 50,000 meters of fabric per month.  In house garments manufacturing unit with a capacity of 45000pcs per month.  It has all less than one roof life dyeing, weaving, and garments.  Its running around the clock  Manpower nearly 500 peoples are working in the concern  They are manufacturing shirts only.  This company is 100% cotton export company and they are exporting the goods to all over the world especially European countries.  Ro (Reverse Osmosis) based titration facility for removal of save and other impurities from water to meet most demanding specification that are currently in place.

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2.  To study the procedure of maintaining books and records in the concern.  To know the achievement of their goals with in the organization.  To know the business dealings of the concern.  To detailed study on each and every department in the organization.  To know the importance of textile.  To gain more practical knowledge regarding functioning of the whole organization. 5 .  To know the functions of the organization.OBJECTIVES OF THE INDUSTRIAL TRAINING  To gain – full knowledge about the organization.

PROFILE OF THE FIRM Name Address Together Textile Mills India ( P) Ltd S.Garments) Manufacturing 100% cotton Fabrics (Shirts) 500 3 6 .India.F. Fax Status Date of incorporation Area Managing Director Chief executive Executive State of Registration Head Office Financial Period Type of Industry Business Number of Employees Number of Directors 0422-2404400 Private limited Company 1/1/1997 10 Acres Mr. Somaiyampalayam Village. Kanuvai.2B.3. Shivanand B Shetty Mr. 461/2A. 460/3B. Coimbatore – 641 108. Bala Shetty Tamilnadu Mumbai. Ashwin Shetty Mr. Weaving. April 1ST – March 31ST Textile (Dyeing.NO.

ORGANISATION CHART Chairman Chief Executive Officer Executive General Manager Production Manager Dyeing HR Manager Account Manager Environmental Manager Personnel department Weaving Security Garments Payroll department Environment Department Purchase department Administration 7 .Certificate ISO 9001 4.

Supervisors Labours 8 .

9 . The quality policy is established in line with the organization activities is given below. This is achieved by our total dedication accepting quality assurance as our target . which are eco-friendly. meeting ecological concerns and under taking social obligations.. Together Textile Mills India Private Limited will endeavor to manufacture fabrics and garments conforming to agreed specification at competitive price. We strive to improve our competitiveness by enhancing employee skills. production of mother nature as our goal and by developing the skills and competence of the employee. to ensure customer specification through punctually and perfection in our job.. Interweaving Social Obligations and Corporate Responsibilities. process performances. and technology utilization while adhering to most stringent quality standards.5. Our happy and ever-growing work force is the reflection of our company policies enhancing human empowerment. Shirt Company takes pride in abiding by all factory laws and WTO Code of Conduct. competitively priced and have shorter lead times.QUALITY POLICY Our MISSION is to earn the loyalty of all our customers by providing them with quality garments.

VARIOUS DEPARTMENT 1) Purchase department 2) Personnel department 3) Production department  Dyeing department  Weaving department  Garments department 4) Accounts department 5) Environmental department 6) Maintenance and electric department 7) Stores department 10 .6.

Raw material. Purchase Department plays the vital role in the organization and arranging the materials for the required machines. To purchase materials economically 5. Objective Of Purchasing Department: 1. indents etc. To purchase right materials 2. Factory manager is responsible for this department. 11 .6. To purchase material in good qualities 3. To purchase from right and reliable source 4.PURCHASE DEPARTMENT The purchase department looks after the requirements of the various departments. Equipments. machinery spares. stationary items and imported materials are arranged through the purchase department. This department is very important because of company’s profit or loss depends upon it. To receive and deliver materials at right place and at right time. and Yarns etc. This department is responsible for any purchase made by the company.1. This purchase deals with the purchasing of the Raw materials. Purchase department prepares various documents like purchases order.

 To give purchase order to the supplier.Activities of the Purchase department:  Inviting various quotations from the manufacturers and suppliers.  Verifying and preparing the purchase list as per procedure. Notes of the Purchase department:  Purchase order note  Requisition / issue slip note  Goods receipt note  Stock register  Minimum stock level 12 .  Checking and maintaining the quality of the item.  Ledger are maintaining in the purchase department.  Verifying and releasing the purchase order as per the procedure.

Functions of Purchase department: Purchase indent from concern department Collection of samples Asking quotation from suppliers Quality and price comparison chart Check the quality Approval from the authorized person Send purchase order to the suppliers Supplying the material distribution to concern department Payment of bills 13 .

The main function of the Personnel Department activities are to recruit the man power. Also it take care of the Personnel needs of the labour.6. Personnel Department take care of employees need. arrange the shift duties and maintain attendance register. It releases the employees from stress. staff in connection with production activity. It gives counseling and solves the employees problems and problems.PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT Personnel means managing the workers at the work. industrial oriented Shift timing in the organization: Shift I Shift 2 Shift 3 General Shift : : : : 7am – 3pm 3pm –11pm 11pm – 7am 9am – 6am 14 .2.

The contribution of employers to PF is 12% and employees to PF is 12%. Payment of gratuity is mandatory under the factory act. he/she will be given a training for a minimum of 3 week and then they will be placed on the job.63%  Gratuity: This is a kind of retirement benefits given by the company to their employees like provident fund and pension fund. This record maintains the Gratuity of every workers. Employees are eligible for this scheme.75% and employees to ESI is 1.  House rent allowances(HRA).  Pension Scheme: It is the scheme which is same as gratuity an PF.  PF( Provident Fund): It is contributed which is calculated in basic and DA(Direct allowance). The ceiling of ESI is 15000. The contribution of employers to ESI is 4. The contribution of HRA is 10% of Basic Pay. 15 . Various activities performed by the Personnel Department:  ESI( Employee State Insurance).Sources of Recruitment: Once the employee is been selected. Administration charges : 1.75%. If PF is contributed more than 10 years.

Only advances are allowed in case of emergencies.  Bonus: The bonus is been provided based on employees productivity and based on the attendance. Free bus facilities provided for outside lady workers only.  Loans: Loans to the employees are not allowed. They are provided with free canteen.The Personnel Department are also involved in the following informations:  Leave allowances: A total of 9 days of casual leave and encashment leave of 15 days/annum is allowed.  Hostel facility: It is provided for the women workers and there is 130 women employees staying in hostel. There are a total of 2 bus and 1 four wheeler are used for employees transport purpose.  Transport facilities: Fuel and vehicle allowances are allowed to staffs who uses their own vehicles.  Over time wages: One and half wages for over time duty is given. 16 .

Before and after each process the quality of the yarn and fabric is checked thoroughly.3. Production planning incharge and garment incharge in co-ordination with weaving incharge. processing incharge plans for the production data. This Yarn is converted by various process and it is made or turn into the finished goods fabric and finally it is made into many finishing processes and taken as a shirt. Department heads are responsible for identifying. Conversion of Raw Material into finished goods is the main function of the Production Department. approving and carrying out the production processes as per customer requirements. Based on the production planning. 17 .  Dyeing  Weaving  Garments Grey yarn is the main Raw material involved in the manufacturing process.PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT The primary purpose of production function is to address allocating efficiency in the use of factor inputs in production and resulting distribution of income to those factors. The quality is given most important after each process.6. The main process of the Production Department are.

Exporting Grey Yarn Checking & packing Winding (Cone To Cheese) Washing & Ironing Pre treatment ( Bleaching and Scouring) Stitching (Fabric to Garments) and Re agent Preparation Pattern Making & Cutting PROCESS SEQUENCE Dyeing Finishing(Stentoring & Sanforizing Finishing (Softness) Weaving Hydro-Extractor (removal of 60% moisture) En drawing Radio-Frequency Dryer (removal of 40% moisture) Winding (Cheese To Cone) 18 Warping .

Various size of the machines capacity in the dyeing department. The whole bleaching process contains 3 to 4 hours.  10kg  20kg  30kg  50kg  100kg 19 .1. it’s in the form of tones. etc.  Dyeing Process: Reactive dyes are used in this process. When the raw material (Gray yarn) enter into the company. fabric. DYEING:  Cheese winding: This is the process of converting grey yarn from cone form to cheese form to facilitate dyeing. Before the starting process cones is been converted into Cheeses by using cone winding machine.  Scouring or bleaching process: This process is used to remove the natural color from the color and impart Quality of yarn. The process of imparting the requires colour to textile material like yarn.

The whole dyeing process contains 4 to 5 hours. The total length of this dryer is 3 meter. when converting the cheeses into cones. Remove water in Hydro extractor: This machine used to remove 50% moisture. So we get (3m = 54 cheeses) in one hour. This is done through 2 ways. Dry in RF(Radio Frequency)dryer for thorough dyeing: This dryer used to remove the balance 50% moisture.  Washing Process: Soaps are used for cones and the cheeses (dyed) Softener used to avoid the yarn breakages. 20 . Peroxides. 1. oil and stabilizer and the chemicals are used in the dyeing. 2. 300kg   (2 machines) The dyeing machine made by Weave tex. That means after washing cheeses contain more moisture. DRYING: Drying is done to remove excess moisture from the cheese yarn. Hence 18 cheeses are put in one meter.

 In warping section. they are only to warp the cones.  Then the particular kilos of yarn are received from yarn purchase department.  The next step in warping is to count the yarns present in the pattern sample from lab 1 per meter.  The received cones are issued to warping the man who is working in warping is called “sizers”.  By this counting the amount of kilos wanted to produce is ordered (total meters).  The cones are received to produce cloths (reminded). 21 .  The yarn purchase department priorly purchases the cones to be readily used.Cone winding: `Dyed yarn is used in the spring cheese form is wound on the cone form in cone winding machine for further process like warping and pirn winding. first the warping pattern is received from lab. Sectional warping: It is the process of converting individual yarn into a form of a sheet in which the yarn is distributed evenly with event tension to facilitate weaving.

CHART ON WARPING PROCESS YARN RECEIVED FROM YARN SECTION YARN ISSUE TO WARPING DIRECT WARPING TRANSFER TO SIZING SINGLE COUNT ONLY STARCHED FINISHED BEAMS ISSUED TO THE DRAWING SECTION Endrawing: The process of drawing the yarn through healed wires according to the draft/ drawing order required for the given design or weave. Pirn winding: 22 . Denting: The process of drawing the warp yarn through Read according to the denting order.

 4 colors are used in weft.  One hp power motor used here.  Loom cost is in thousands 23 . also called lakshmi looms .Transferring yarn from the cone to pirns to use as weft to load in Shuttle.  Only six frames are used. 2.  Power looms  Picanal looms  POWER LOOM  Make : Krishna.  It is semi automatic  The loom speed – 120 rpm.  The nadabox is used to decide what colors should be used in sectional time. TWO TYPES OF LOOMS ARE USED.  Power loom has no salvage. Weaving: It is the process of interlacing of warp and weft in preplanned manner to form a fabric.  Production capacity 17m per 8 hour.

 Production is high. PICANAL (RAPIER) LOOMS  Its need limited man power .  The loom speed is 360rpm  8weft color is used in the box.  7-10m per hour cloth is produced by using this machine  This machine uses 8 colors in weft  This loom contains 20 frames. 24 . That is called preventer.  In this 8 weaver and one shift supervisor are working. because the loom is automatic.  Here selvedge cutter used to remove the waste parts.

SEQUENCE OF WEAVING: Dyeing Cone winding warping 25 .

 Sanforizing: This process is used for shrinkage test and dry the fabric.Endrawing Looming Running Process (fabric check) Fabric finishing:  Stenter: This process is used for maintaining width and length. 26 .  Brushing: It is the process of raising the fibers from fabric.

3. Garment manufacturing: A process of making readymade garments from fabric. Folding: It is the process of converting fabric from any other form to metre folding form. 27 . Pattern making: Pattern design is approved from merchandiser or corporate office. Cutting: It is the process of cutting the fabrics according to the measurement suitable for the final garment or product.

Button holing: It is the process of making a cut portion in the required place suitable for buttons to pass through and the eager are hemmed to avoid fraying if threads. Trimming: Removal of loose threads. 28 . hanging threads. Pressing or Ironing: Ironing and Folding of the garment pieces as per the buyer requirement s. all parts as per requirements to make a full garment or product.Stitching: It is done to join together. etc…. Buttoning: Attaching buttons in the right place. Packing: Packing of folded garments on polybags and putting the packed garments in the cartons as per requirement. Labeling: Attaching the require labels or tags in correct place as per the requirement.

Chart On Dispatching Process Weaved fabric received from loom shed Rolling Cloth Change To Piece Meters Counting Inspection Damage Fabric Inform To Loom Shed 29 .  The cloths are checked out.Dispatching: Dispatching the packed cartons as per requirement including.  Washed cloths are recollected and the mistakes are checked out.  If some changeable remarks are there.  The produced cloths are neatly folded and the folded cloths are called piece.  The cloths are received from loom shed. folding of cartons in the truck. it should be corrected.  The finished cloths are dispatched to the parties.

Profit and loss account. Purchase Journal. Balance sheet periodically.Meters checking Inspection dispatch to parties Make accounts 6.. They also prepare Trial balance.4. Here in the company Journal. General Ledger. accounting are maintained. Sales ledger etc.ACCOUNTS AND FINANCE DEPARTMENT The accounts department plays a vital role in every organization. Then each and every month bank reconciliation statement is prepared by account assistant to verify whether the cash and bank balances are same. It maintains all the books of accounts for showing full particulars including quantitative details and situation of fixed assets. 30 .

 In this organization. Auditing: Auditing is systematic examination of books of accounts and other records such as invoices.  Accounting period maintained is Apr 1st to Mar 31st . all bank dealings are carried out in corporate bank and vijaya bank. Accounting record: Only petty cash book is maintained because the head office is in Mumbai. 31 . vouchers.  Central excise duty is exempted sales tax of 12. which confirms and support the financial status of the firm.25%  The payments are made through cheque which is authorized by chairman. etc. sales books are also maintained.  All the accounting procedures are maintained in a computerized manner. purchase book.  All financial records is carried out through computerization. The daybook.

Enter the sales invoice and check with the sales department 8. trading account and profit & loss account and balance sheet is prepared. Checking the sales journal of the sales department with the invoice received from the department 32 . Auditing is done in one continuous session. Submitting records to the management 3.Types of record: Periodical auditing is followed quarterly once in a year in this concern. The audit of books and accounts. Making payment of wage to the employees 7. Submission of records to the auditor 6. Making advice to bankers and customers 9. are taken up at the end of the financial period. Functions of accounts department: 1. Checking the lorry receipts 5. Maintaining the records in an orderly manner 2. Checking and passing of bills for payment 4.

Non-hazardous environmental friendly bio-degradable chemicals and dyes are used for production.ENVIRONMENTAL DEPARTMENT 5. Emission control measures are installed to obtain a environment al production manner.1 Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP): Together Textile Mills India Private Limited has a total environmental management plan. 33 .5.6.

ferrous sulphade. polymer) Secondary treatment(Biological treatment) (fixed film Bio-reactor) 34 .Flow chart of ETP: Effluent from dyeing process Preliminary treatment (collection & equalization) Primary treatment(chemical sedimentation) (lime.

The canteen is the major contributor of waste and it is operated. The mill has a well equipped sewage treatment system to treat the sewage waste water. 35 . the treated sewage can be used for gardening and irrigation of agricultural purpose.Tertiary treatment (adding sodium hypho-chloride & aluminium sulphade) Advanced technology(reverse osmosis) Permeate water (Reuse for dyeing process ) Nano – filtration Reject water Permeate water (reuse for dyeing) Reject water Mechanical evaporator Salt recovery (Reuse for dyeing process ) 5.2 Sewage Treatment Plant (STP): Sewage ids generated from the canteen and domestic purposed used water. After the treatment system.

Flow chart of STP: Effluent from canteen and toilet waste Bar screen chamber Oil and grease removal chamber Collection tank 36 .

STORES DEPARTMENT Material and suppliers are the important assets of any business enterprises. CHART ON STORES DEPARTMENT STORES DEPARTMENT 37 .6.Submerged fixed film Bio-reactor Tube setter Clarified sewage tank Pressure sand filter Treated sewage water for gardening distribution 6.

He will keep the records for the movement of items. To receive Materials. are maintained along with stock layer. The storekeeper will make the receipt entry approval of the item to account department for accounting and payment purpose.e. On the receipt of the material.. FUNCTIONS OF STORES DEPARTMENT 1. who is responsible for maintaining the stores items. Goods and Equipments and to check for identification. Issues etc. Documents such a requisition. i. Receipts. Intents.STORE KEEPER STORE CLERK STORE ASSISTANT WORKERS For the stores department there is one storekeeper. they are verified with the physical quantity received. Purchase orders. On the receipt of invoice received from the suppliers. 38 .

they are as follows. To check the bin card balances with the physical quantities in the bins. To make sure that stores are kept clean and maintained with sufficient soap for the goods ordered. To record the receipt of goods. 8. Laboratory contains many testing machine.2. To issue items to only on the receipt of the authorized stores requisition. LABORATORY  Converting gray yarns to finished goods contain many process and stages. 39 . 3.  The material is checked at many stages whether it is a quality one or not. 4. To record and to have a updated receipt all time and issue of materials. 5. To correct positioning of all material in the stores. To receive parts and components which have been processed in the factory. 6. 7. 7.

Otherwise total gray yarn is cancelled Twist tester:  This tester used to find how many twists are in the yarn.  Make-State Yarn Strength Checking:  This machine used for checking the strength (Putting 120 yard yarn in the machine & know the strength) by using. 1m = 17 mistakes (mismatch) allowed. Washing machine: 40 . BMW:  This machine used for checking how much of chemical needed to get the color which buyer specifies.  Here we check the raw material (Gray yarn) strength.Appearance tester:  It is also called ASDM (American Standard Machine).

that is corrected by the Grayer machine. Rubbing Testing machine:  Fix the white width on the machine fabric and it is pressed and checked whether fabric shade is got or not.CONCLUSION The industrial training had given me an immense pleasure to study Together Textile Mills India Private Limited. the various department activities on it. Color matching machine:  According to the light which buyer uses (requirement) in their shop . 41 . 8. Made by IFB  After getting the fabric from the weaving department. fabric shrinkages are checked by sanforizing machine.  If it make any shade in the fabric. the fabric and dyeing yarn are checked.

This training helps me to know the project the partial working of textile unit other.The industrial training on shirt manufacturing concern helped me to gain practical knowledge and risk involving in it. employees. supervisor. 42 . Especially to the General Manager who allowed me to under go this training in this concern. accountants and assistants. I really extend my thanks to the manager. I got more information form the official of the concern about various process and technical development prevailing in the modern industries especially in the concern. It was very usefully to me.