A starter is needed for a three phase induction motor because at the time of starting, if induction motor is started directly

, it will draw large amount of current which causes damage to adjoining equipments. Thus, a starter is needed in order to limit the starting current.After the motor has started at reduced starting current and hence reduced voltage, the connections are diverted towards the mains supply so that now, the motor can run at higher starting current and voltage. Four types of starting methods are employed: 1.Star-Delta 2.Auto transformer method 3.Primary resistor starting. 4.Direct On-line. Low rating upto 7 H.P motors can be started directly.

Star – delta starter

The starting current of any heavy electric motor can be more than 4 times the normal load current it draws when it has gained speed and has reached its normal running output power and temperature. So, if it were started simply when connected in DELTA, the starting current would be huge and just to be able to start the motor, not to run it normally - would require:

large circuit breakers, big enough to allow the start-up surge current to pass without immediately shutting it off. (But the breakers would then be much too big to be able to protect the motor from over-current faults whilst it is running normally.) very thick 3-phase power service cables. (But the cable would then be much bigger than is necessary whilst the motor is running normally.)

'/'3)] x [ID x (1/. change its connections to DELTA to allow the motor to run at its full speed and torque from then on. when the motor has gained sufficient speed. (But they would then be much bigger than is necessary whilst the motor is running normally.'/'3) [1 divided by root three] of the normal running current taken when it is connected in DELTA. which offer soft-starts in DELTA configuration. It's a bit like using the gears of an automobile.• very large coils and contacts on the relays or contactors used to control the motor. so. are now replacing the use of manual or semi-automatic star-delta starters. Update: Electronic motor-control systems. diff Re: What is the d/f between DOL & star delta starter &automatic star delta starter? Answer A DOL starter connects the motor 3 terminals directly to the #1 power supply.'/'3 )] = PD x (1/3) [one third of the power in DELTA] where: VL is the line-to-line voltage of the incoming 3-phase power service ID is the line current drawn in DELTA PS is the total power the motor can produce when running in STAR PD is the total power it can produce when running in DELTA.) One solution to this problem is to start the motor in STAR and then. because of the Power Law V [in volts] x I [in amps] = P [in watts].'/'3) [1 divided by root three] of the voltage applied to the winding when it is connected directly across two incoming power service line phases in DELTA. Technical explanation When the windings of a 3-phase motor are connected in STAR: • the voltage applied to each winding is reduced to only (1 /. Prakash . the current per winding is reduced to only (1 /. • • • a further disadvantage when the motor is connected in STAR is that the total output torque is only 1/3 of the total torque it can produce when running in DELTA. the motor is subjected to the full voltage of the power supply. Hence. the total output power when the motor is connected in STAR is: PS = [VL x (1/.

star-delta starter or resistor starter.Consequently. Supply reliability and reserve power generation dictates the use of reduced voltage or not To reduce the starting current of an induction motor the voltage across the motor need to be reduced. Although DOL motor starters are available for motors less than 150 kW on 400 V and for motors less than 1 MW on 6. Now-a-days VVVF drive used extensively for speed control serves this purpose also. Is This Answer Correct ? 189 Yes 19 No Re: What is the d/f between DOL & star delta starter & automatic star delta starter? Answer in dolstarte the motor is directly 3 Niranajn fed from the line and #2 in star delta starter ther motor is started initially from star and later during running from delta Is This Answer Correct ? 150 Yes 18 No Re: What is the d/f between DOL & star delta starter & automatic star delta starter? . high starting current flows through the motor.75 kW). This type of starting is suitable for small motors below 5 hp (3.6 kV. Reducedvoltage starters are employed with motors above 5 hp. This can be done by autotransformer starter.

When the windings of a 3-phase motor are connected in STAR the current is reduced to only root three of the normal running current that is taken when it is connected in DELTA. 43 Is This Answer Correct Yes ? 5 No Re: What is the d/f between DOL & star delta starter & automatic star delta starter? Answer to woh much hp motor we will use 0 Jagdish # 5 stare delta 8 Ye Is This Answer Correct s ? 22 No Re: What is the d/f between DOL & star delta starter & automatic star delta starter? Answer In DOL starter full line voltage is 0 Ankur fed to motor which will .Answer In case of Star Delta starter the # 3 motor intially will run 5 Suresh Pulipati in star connection and when 80% of rated speed picks. the motor change over to delta connection. Is This Answer Correct ? 85 Yes 12 No Re: What is the d/f between DOL & star delta starter & automatic star delta starter? Answer Whenever you start a big heavy 0 Cool # 4 electric motor. you need to start it slowly to prevent the rotor overheating and drawing an enormous current. With this star delta connection we are able to reduce starting current by 1/3 of DOL starting current and starting torque also.

#6 start motor with a shock. also impedence is also increased due to two star windings which result in low starting current and low torque which will prevent motor to run with shock. Mishra(moradabad) 20 Is This Answer Correct Yes ? 2 No Re: What is the d/f between DOL & star delta starter & automatic star delta starter? Answer in dol motor is supplied full line 0 Dipanshu Singh voltage hence torque #7 will be more. the motor starts as a star connection later which is converted in to delta. whereas in star delta the voltage is reduced by root 3 times hence torque reduced Is This Answer Correct ? 9 Ye s 0 No Re: What is the d/f between DOL & star delta starter & automatic star delta starter? Answer in induction motor the torque is # 8 propotional to squre of supply voltage in case of dol the motor directly connected to supply so torque is more while in star delta the motor is firstly connected to star hence voltage is reduced torque will be less and when motor reaches its 80% of speed it connects with delta with the help . another difference is DOL starting takes less time while star-delta takes more time to run at rated speed. it also draws very high current than rated current(around 6 times). but if we use stardelta starter . using star connection the line voltage is devided in two phase voltages.

of timer then full voltage is supplied hence less rating motor should be started with dol but for high rating it should be with star delta .