Joebert D. Obillo FACTS ON AGING QUIZ Answer True or False for each statement. 1.

The majority of old people – age 65-plus – are senile. False. The majority of old people are not senile. Only about 2 or 3% of persons age 65 or over are institutionalized as a result of psychiatric illness (Busse & Pfeiffer, 1977). A series of eight community surveys found the prevalence of psychosis to range from 4 to 8% (Riley & Foner, 1968). Four studies did find large age differences in free recall of words, but two found no age differences in recognition of words in a list (Woodruff & Birren, 1975). Longterm memory is affected in about 20% of the aged (Botwinick, 1976; Pfeiffer, 1975). Thus, it is clear that the majority of aged do not have serious memory defects. 2. The five senses (sight, hearing, taste, touch, smell) all tend to weaken in old age. . True. All five senses do tend to decline in old age. Most studies agree that various aspects of vision, hearing, and touch tend to decline in old age. Some studies of taste and smell have not found a significant decline, but the best evidence indicates increases in taste and smell thresholds with age (Riley & Foner, 1968). Studies of structural atrophy in the tongue and nose with old age support the experimental evidence of decline in taste and smell (Birren, 1959).

3. The majority of old people have no interest in, nor capacity for, sexual relations. False. The majority of persons past age 65 continue to have both interest in, and capacity for, sexual relations. Masters and Johnson (1966) found that the capacity for satisfying sexual relations continues into the decades of the 70s and 80s for healthy couples. The Duke Longitudinal Studies resulted in similar findings (Palmore, 1974). 4. Lung vital capacity tends to decline with old age. .True. Lung capacity does tend to decline in old age. Both vital lung capacity (the volume of air that can be forcibly expelled in one breath) and maximum breathing capacity declines on the average from age 30 onward (Shock, 1962).

5. The Majority of old people feel miserable most of the time. False. The majority of old people do not feel miserable most of the time. Studies of happiness, morale, and life satisfaction either find no significant difference by age groups or find about one-fifth to one-third of the aged score "low" on various happiness or morale scales (Riley & Foner, 1968). A recent national survey found that the majority of aged are as happy now as when they were younger (Harris, 1975).

True. Older people usually take longer to learn something new. although somewhat slower than younger people (Cutler & Kaufman. Physical strength does tend to decline in old age." There is some evidence that older people tend to become more stable in their attitudes. 1968). About 80% of the aged are healthy enough to engage in their normal activities. 1970). Old people usually take longer to learn something new. fewer accidents.6. mental hospital and homes for the aged. 8. Census. Aged drivers have fewer accidents per driver than those under age 65. Drivers over age 65 do have fewer accidents per person than drivers under age 65. Older workers usually cannot work as effectively as younger workers. as older workers perform at steadier rates than younger workers do. False. Even among those age 75 and over. but a much lower rate than drivers under age 30 (National Safety Council. 10.8% of persons 65 and over were residents of any long stay institutions in 1970 (U. About 5% of those over age 65 are institutionalized and another 15% among the noninstitutionalized say they are unable to engage in their major activity (such as work or housework) because of chronic conditions. 9. 1972). The majority of older workers can work as effectively as younger workers. Older drivers have about the same accident rate per person as middle-aged drivers. Glenn & Hefner. 1976). 12.2% were residents in institutions. More than three-fourths of the aged are healthy enough to do their normal activities without help. Their political and social attitudes also tend to shift like the rest of society. The majority of old people are unable to adapt to change. At least one-tenth of the aged are living in long-stay institutions such as nursing homes. and less absenteeism than younger workers (Riley & Foner. Experiments have consistently shown that older people take longer than younger people to learn new material . True. False. In addition. 7. Only 4. 1959). 1975. 1974). Older drivers tend to drive less miles per year and apparently tend to compensate for any declines in perception and reaction speed by driving more carefully. Most old people are not "set in their ways and unable to change. True. Studies of various kinds of muscular strength show declines in old age compared to young adulthood of 15 to 46% (Birren. False. 11. Consistency of output tends to increase by age. only 9. but most older people do change and adapt to the many major events that occur. older workers have less job turnover. Physical strength tends to decline with age.S. This leaves 80% who are able to engage in their major activity (National Center for Health Statistics. True.

1962). The reaction time of most old people tends to be slower than that of younger people. 1967). healthy and sick. Studies of on-the-job training also show that older workers tend to take somewhat longer to learn new jobs (Riley & Foner. 1968). 1962). True.S. 15. There appears to be at least as much difference as there is at any age level. Most old people are not pretty much alike. In fact. Depression is more frequent among the elderly than among younger people. two-thirds say they are never or seldom lonely (Dean.(Botwinick. 1975). It appears to be true regardless of the kind of reaction that is measured (Botwinick. 1967). some evidence indicates that as people age they tend to become less alike and more heterogeneous on many dimensions (Maddox & Douglas. and in extreme cases it''s so painful and debilitating that people consider and attempt suicide. false Doctors used to believe that depression was a disease of late life. 1962. 18. 13. 16. http://www. old people tend to be pretty much alike. Even so. In general.. Most old people are not socially isolated and lonely. depression remains the most common psychiatric disorder among older adults. are church or synagogue members. Harris. The majority of older people are socially isolated. etc. 14. affecting older people more frequently than younger ones. 1966. In fact. happy and sad. 1974). True. Depression causes untold misery for sufferers and their families alike. Hausknecht. Erskine. 1976). The majority of old people are seldom bored. Older people tend to react slower than younger people. Only 17% of persons 65 or over say "not enough to do to keep busy" is a "somewhat serious" or "very serious" problem (Harris. Many socialize. 1975). Most older persons have close relatives within easy visiting distance and make frequent contacts (Binstock & Shanas. there are the rich and poor. 1964. . Another survey found that two-thirds of the aged said they were never or hardly ever bored (Dean. False. Older workers have fewer accidents than younger workers. This is one of the best documented facts about the aged on record. 1975. 17. recent studies have shown that quite the opposite is true. Harris. The majority of old people say they are seldom bored. and belong to voluntary groups (Survey of Religions in the U. and it''s particularly common among those who are hospitalized for illness or who are living in long-term care facilities.thefreelibrary. Depression is slightly more common in people between the ages of 18 and 64 than it is among those over 65.

True. In 1975 there were only 15. the proportion of older persons relative to the rest of the population has increased considerably.000 for an aged couple). in geriatrics (Campbell.1 million to 7. 1972. including housework and volunteer work. The older population made up more than 15 percent of the population in most European countries and nearly 20 percent in both Italy and Japan in 2006. and 16 per cent will likely be 65 years or over. The majority of old people are working or would like to have some kind of work to do. 1975) [actually closer to 13% already]. equivalent to 40 percent of Filipino households. False. A Social Weather survey for the first quarter of the year pointed out that the number of families that considered themselves food poor rose from 6. The majority of persons 65 or over have incomes well above the poverty level. http://www.S. Even if the "near poor" are included the total in or near poverty is only 25. A significant number of the households include the elderly. By 2009. the elderly below the poverty line number as high as 50% http://cosephil. For example. those proportions had increased to 11 per cent and just under 8 per cent. Few specialize. 19. federal government.aoa. False. respectively. 22 per cent of the world population is projected to be 60 years or over. 20. even if completed fertility drops to zero population growth levels (Current Population Survey. Cyrus-Lutz & Gaitz. Garfinkel. 1976). and 5 per cent was at least 65 years of age. 8 percent of the population was at least 60 years of age in 1950 (figure 9). and social work personnel tend to believe negative stereotypes about the aged and prefer to work with children or younger adults.4% (Brotman.wordpress. Only 10. . More than 20 percent of the population is now 65 and older. By 2050. Older workers have fewer accidents than younger workers. occupational therapy.aspx Minnesota Department of Health Fall 2005 Demographics of an Aging Population The proportion of older persons in the world will double by 2050 Since the older population has grown faster than the total 1975) 21. The United States is fairly young for a developed country. with just over 12 percent of its population age 65 and over. A series of 12 studies all found that most medical.1% of the aged below the official poverty level (about $2.000 workers in manufacturing plants found that workers beyond age 65 have about onehalf the rate of nondisabling injuries as those under 65 (Kossoris. as defined by the 22. 1948). The majority of old people have incomes below the poverty line. Most medical practitioners tend to give low priority to the aged.400 for an aged individual or $1. 1971. The majority of medical practitioners tend to give low priority to the aged. At the global level. In some provinces.3% of the population were age 65 or over in 1975 and this will probably not increase to more than 12% by the year 2000.1 million. a study of 18. or are interested in specializing.True.

17% who work as housewives. The health and economic status of old people will be about the same or worse in the year 2010. 21% who are retired but say they would like to be employed. These percentages total to 78%. By the year 2000. False. members of the present older generation have been more religious all their lives. and education among older people are all rising in comparison to those of younger people. Over three-fourths of old people are working or would like to have some kind of work to do (including housework and volunteer work). 19% who are not employed but do volunteer work. occupation. nor religious activities among older people as they age (Blazer & Palmore 1976). 24. and another 9% who are not employed and not doing volunteer work but would like to do volunteer work (Harris. About three-fourths said they are never or hardly ever angry (Dean. 25. this appears to be a generational difference (rather than an aging effect) due to the older persons' more religious upbringing. 1975). compared with younger people. The majority of old people are seldom irritated or angry. Measures of health. Longitudinal studies have found no increase in the average religious interest. religious satisfaction. There are about 12% of persons 65 or over who are employed. In other words. References:http://www-distance. the gaps between older and younger persons in these dimensions will probably be substantially less (Palmore.html .True. The health and socioeconomic status of older people (compared to younger people) in the year 2000 will probably be much higher than now. False. While it is true that the present generation of older persons tend to be more religious than the younger generations. 23. 1962). True. The majority of old people say they are seldom irritated or angry. The Kansas City Study found that over one-half the aged said they are never or hardly ever irritated and this proportion increases to two-thirds at age 80 or over. Older people do not tend to become more religious as they age. Old people tend to become more religious as they age. 1976).syr.