Transportation 4

Light Rail and Street Car- Regional

Sound Transit- Light Rail
North Link- 2020 (revised to 2021)

Central Link began service between Westlake Center and SeaTac Airport in 2009 U Link: scheduled service begins 2016, currently under construction North Link- Scheduled service begins 2021 East Link (Bellvue/Redmond), South Corridor Link (Redondo Beach/ Federal Way), and North Corridor Link (Shoreline/Lynnwood) are planned for 2030 and beyond

University Link- 2016

Westlake Center East Link- 2030

Streetcar Network-

LEGEND
Light Rail Urban Village Street Car Light Rail Stations

Creating an Urban Village Transit Network (UTVN) Connecting SLU, Capital Hill, Ballard, Fremont, University District, Lower Queen Anne, and the Seattle Waterfront U-Line Route Length (from SLU)- 3.5 Miles Cost- $42-46 Mil per mile Ridership Estimate- 2.6-3.1 Mil annual

BITTER LAKE

JACKSON PARK LAKE CITY

Bus Transportaion - Regional

BROADVIEW BLUE RIDGE NORTH BEACH GREENWOOD NORTHGATE

To / From West Campus Central Seattle Capitol Hill 7, 9, 25, 43, 48 (56) First Hill 9, 205 (9) Central Area 7, 9, 43, 48 (50) International District 7, 9, 71, 72, 73 (39)
SAND POINT

CROWN LOYAL HILL HEIGHTS PHINNEY RIDGE BALLARD

MAPLE LEAF WEDGEWOOD RAVENNA UNIVERSITY DISTRICT MONTLAKE

GREEN LAKE

Downtown Seattle Seattle downtown 7, 25, 43, 66, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74E, 79 (83) Northeast Seattle Jackson Park 73, Lake City Laurelhurst Maple Leaf Northgate 73, 78, 243 (22) Ravenna 65, 68, 71, 72, 74, 79, 243 (50) 74, 75 (15) 25, 65, 68, 74, 75, 243, 372 (48) 71 (6)

WALLINGFORD FREMONT

MAGNOLIA

65, 72, 75, 79, 243, Sand Point 372 (36) 25, 75 (15) University Village 68, 72, 72, 78, 79 (20) 66, 67, 68, 75 (24) View Ridge

QUEEN ANNE

EASTLAKE CAPITOL HILL FIRST HILL

MADISON PARK MADRONA CENRAL DISTRICT

Wedgwood 65, 71 (17) Magnolia 31 (6) Queen Anne 31,45,46, 74 (20) Wallingford 31,44,45,46,74 (35) White Center 133 (4)

SOUTH LK. UNION

DOWNTOWN

North/Northwest Seattle Ballard 44, 46 (19) Fremont 31, 46, 74 (16) Green Lake 48 (16) South Seattle Columbia City 7, 9, 48 (43) Rainier Beach 7, 9, 48 (43)

ADMIRAL DISTRICT ALKI

SODO HARBOR ISLAND BEACON HILL

- http://www.seattle.gov/transportation/University/DraftReport/UATSchapt5.pdf
MOUNT BAKER

LEGEND
Heavy Bus Use Moderate Bus Use Light Use Bus Stop

WEST SEATTLE DELRIDGE

GEORGETOWN

RAINER VALLEY

COLUMBIA CITY

REGIONAL: VECHICLE TRANSPORTATION Peak Hour Tra c Distribution: I-5 Express NE 50th Street Link UW Campus 520 to Bellevue NE 45th Street Link Seattle dowtown Montlake Boulevard Link 90 to Eastside LEGEND Principle Arterial Minor Route Eastlake Avenue East Link Roosevelt Way and 12th Avenue NE Link Sputh of NE 65th Street .

sharrows indicated Designated bicycle lane . connection to Eastside Ship Canal Trail Alki Trail I-90 Bridge.REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION: BICYCLES InterUrban Trail -Strong ammenities of urban trails such as Burke-Gilman Trail. connection to Eastside LEGEND No bicycle ammenities Shared use. InterUrban Trail and Alki Trail Burke Gilman Trail -No connection to Eastside from North due to character of 520 Bridge -Good connection to Eastside from downtown via shared use I-90 Trail -Regional disconnects between various trails. cyclists must resort to riding on surface streets. often unmarked for cyclists 520 Bridge.

and Northgate.25. with stops at Brooklyn St and 45th.12. Husky Stadium Station: construction completion 2015 Light Rail service begins 2016 Expected Daily Boarding.300 .000 are expected to board daily on the North Link alone.Light Rail Transportation. Roosevelt.000 North LinkNorth Link will extend service to Northgate Transit Center. line will extend from Westlake Center and service Capital Hill and the University District at Husky Stadium on Montlake Blvd. Over 35.District U LinkUniversity Link alone is projected to add 70.000 boardings a day to the light rail system. LEGEND Light Rail (underground) Light Rail Access Seattle Street Car Street Car Stops Brooklyn Station completion 2019 Light Rail service begins 2021 Expected Daily Boardings.

& 45th UW Medical Center LEGEND Heavy Bus Use Moderate Bus Use Major Bus Destination .Major bus routes run North / South .Major Bus Destinations in the Univerrsity District are: Campus Parkway HUB Univesity Ave.District .Bus Routes and Destinations .

E.094 in 2009 Decreased by about 10. Both 15/15/30 min University Bridge 1 LEGEND Arterial Route Minor Route Gatehouse Montlake Bridge . 23rd Ave. E 10-15/15/30 min To Seattle Downtown: I-5 5-8/7-10/.15th Ave NE DISTRICT: VEHICULAR VOLUMES NE 45th Sreet Avergae number of daily vehicle flow was 52.min Woodinville SR-522.222 daily trips in 2008 4 5 The five gatehouses located close to Aterial principle. MLK Jr Way S 30/60/ .5% compared with 58.N 12/15/15 min To Columbia City 23rd Ave. E.min To Seattle Downtown: Eastlake Ave. they are crutial in terms of vehicle control within the campus boundary Core Connections from Campus: Via Primary corridor Morning/ Mid/ Evening 3 2 To Seattle Downtown: Pine St. Fairview Ave.

LEGEND No bicycle ammenities Shared use.080 cyclists per day Total: 12. sharrows indicated Designated bicycle lane . 2nd greatest from North.435 cyclists commuting to UW campus per day!! Majority arrive from West.135 cyclists per day -Faculty: 11% or 820 cyclists per day -Staff: 6% or 1.DISTRICT TRANSPORTATION: BICYCLES -Burke-Gilman Trail provides broad acess to and around campus -Weak E/W connection across I-5 aside from Burke Gilman Trail -North/South access compromised by heavy traffic and dangerous intersections across University Bridge and Montlake Bridge Seattle DOT Bicycle commuter estimates for 2012: -Students: 8% or 3.

Connection to Urban Village Network Curb Lane Stations along Campus Parkway. Campus Parkway Eastbound becomes a single vehicle lane with Streetcars running both East and West. LEGEND Light Rail Light Rail Stop Street Car Line Street Car Stop .every 10 to 15 minutes Stop spacing is relatively short. and University Way @ 45th and 50th. Visible and easy-to-understand routing. NE Pacific St.Streetcar.Site Transportation Frequent service.

3 designated bus layover areas .Traffic noise is loudest on 15th Ave.27. and Campus Prky.Bus Use EXISTING 14 .Larger bus stop shelters are provided on Campus Prkwy. does not have bus stop shelters . Pacific St.5 2 15 Site . 7 15 .40% of UW students and staff commute with the Metro .300 transite riders per day average .12 bus stops on west campus site .42 bus routes serve campus .Major pedestrian areas slow bus traffic and can cause congestion 4 13 LEGEND Heavy Bus Use Moderate Bus Use Bus Layover Zone Bus Stop .Nearly 10% of all metro users are U-Pass users .

and possiblity of traffic accident. noise level. and NE Pacific Street North . and Brooklyn NE Forthuer more.East direction: NE Campus parkway. parking strategy. The following 5 routes are identified as princile aterial: West .South direction 12th Ave NE. Adams Place. the following routes served as minor circultion: West .East direction: NE 41th Street.South direction: Roosevelt Way NE. NE 40th Street. and 15th Ave NE As the traffic flow reduces. Heavy Tra c junctions in West Campus Campus Parkway & 15th Ave NE Roosevelt Way NE & 11th Ave NE 15th Ave NE & NE Pacific Street LEGEND Principle Arterial Minor Route Service Access . Cowlitz Road are Serice access and parking paths. and NE Boat Street North . the analysis of the density of traffic flow illustrate the current condition interms of accessbility. air pollution.SITE: VEHICULAR VOLUMES The typology of the vehicular circulation in the west Campus can be divided into three catalogues. University Way NE. The Adams Road.

8% between 2004 and 2009 Peak of inbound period 6:00am to 10:00am.374 trips were counted.156 in 2009.4% decrease. a 6. The U-pass system encourages the traffic accessibilty: the volume of 24-hour vehicle trips to campus has decresed 18. Compared to 2008 when 3.SITE: CAR PARKING ANALYSIS The average number of daily vehicle flow was 3. Average amount 800 vehicles Examples of car parking useage: Parking Space University way: 1680 Steven court below grond: 1827 Average 49% 63% Peak Time 63% 73% LEGEND Department Residential Private and commericial Surface Parking Structured Parking Below Ground Parking W10 Surface Car parking Cowlitz Road 98 Parking Spaces Portage Bay Parkig Facility Steven court car parking NE Paci c Street NE Paci c Street 1273 Parking Spaces 1827 Parking Spaces . Average amount 900 vehicles Peak of outbound period 4:00pm to 7:00pm.

ASUW Bike Shop (temporary) SITE TRANSPORTATION: BICYCLES Traffic conflicts involving bicycles were noted at many intersections including: Along University Way NE Roosevelt Way NE near University Bridge Recycled Cycles LEGEND Bicycle service facility Bicycle storage No bicycle ammenities Shared use. sharrows indicated Designated bicycle lane Burke Gilman Trail Crossings at streets south of campus .

Building volume steps back to accomodate pedestrians and bicycle commuters. (outside of formal site boundry) Ex: N side of Condon Hall. Mid-block crosswalk in accordance with UW Master Plan. 2 LEGEND Heavy Pedestrian Use Moderate Pedestrian Use Key Circulation points . 3: Negative pedestrian experience.Pedestrian Flow. Concrete wall confronts NE Campus Parkway which is a primary pedestrian corridor. Ex: Intersection of NE Campus Parkway & University Way NE. Service access maintained while enhancing pedestrian experience. 1 4 1 2: Positive pedestrian experiences. South side of Condon Hall. 5 4 Ex: Near Brooklyn Ave & NE Boat Street. Seattle Campus (2003).Existing Conditions YOUR TRANSPORTATION TYPE 2 2 3 4 5 4 1 one minute walking time 1 KEY POINTS AND DATA 1: Intersection with high volume of pedestrians. 5 4 Ex: Alley on 42nd St.

3 2 2 3 1 Pedestrian Flow.Existing Conditions YOUR TRANSPORTATION TYPE (cont. Ex: Eastlake-Roosovelt-Campus Parkway NE converegence. 4 2 Ex: Along NE Boat Street This area is classified as Stable Urban Zone (Seattle Shoreline Master Plan) and has allowances for UW use for water-related instruction in addition to public access LEGEND Heavy Pedestrian Use Moderate Pedestrian Use Key Circulation points . 4 5 4 1 one minute walking time 1 4 1 Ex: Intersection of Burke-Gilman Trail and Brooklyn Ave. 5 4 5 5: No Pedestrian Access.) KEY POINTS AND DATA 4: Dangerous Pedestrian areas.

then N of BG 14’ NE 40th Street sidewalk width 10’ NE Campus Parkway sidewalk width 12’ NE 41th Street sidewalk width 6’ Brooklyn Ave. NE N .North-South Streets NE Pacific Street sidewalk width 8’ sidewalk width 8’ Mid Block NE 40th Street sidewalk width 8’ NE Campus Parkway sidewalk width 8’ University Way NE N NE Boat Street sidewalk width 9’ NE Pacific Street sidewalk width 6’ At BG intersection sidewalk width 5’.

East-West Streets Informal path from Roosevelt to NE Capmus Parkway for pedestrians Mid-Block 12th Ave NE no pedestrian crosswalks Brooklyn Ave NE sidewalk width= 12’ University Way NE sidewalk width= 18’ 15th Ave NE sidewalk width= 8’ NE Campus Parkway N At this point vechicular access terminates. and pedestrians and bicyclists have different routes Brooklyn Ave NE (north view) Brooklyn Ave NE (view towards 15th Ave NE) sidewalk width 8’ University Way NE 15th Ave NE sidewalk width 15’ (Lincoln Way) NE 40th Street N .

but also have conflicting intersections with other East / West paths .Mapping of existing preferred uses of streets and paths for each type of transportation.Preferred use patterns are common on 15th Ave.Pedestrian flow East / West on Campus Parkway is directly linked to the the bus stops LEGEND Cars Busses Bicycles Pedestrian .Observed Preferred Use . .

unshielded and unmetrical left turn. no signal mitigation Pedestrian crossing unregulated North-South. vehicle conflict between cars and bus circulation. inadequate pedestrian and bicycle access.Infrastructure de ciency 4 1 2 3 5 1 Multiple intersecting modes of transportation. car parking area is unclear Hierarchy of intersection is unclear High unregulated pedestrian flow creates street back up for cars and buses Multiple intersecting modes of transportation.right of way and sight lines is unclear Existing infrastructure lacks of activities Lack of public waterfront access 2 3 4 5 7 6 6 7 8 1 9 8 LEGEND Vehicle Bus Bicycle Pedestrian (Volume) Street car Future Route Waterfront 9 . bicycle & pedestrian crossing are absent and dangerous. right of way confusion. Congestion of buses and cars High traffic of all modes of transportation Burke Gilman crossing. right of way confusion. traffic speed is unmarked. signage unclear.

Extend 12th Avenue NE street connection across NE Campus Parkway 8. Improve intersection at Eastlake and Furman to improve safety PEDESTRIAN: 14.2 1 Future Improvements & Studies 10 9 5 8 7 12 14 4 6 15 LIGHT RAIL/STREET CAR: 1. Potential midblock linkages 17. NE Pacific stop be integrated with existing traffic flows and connected to campus. Pedestrian enhancements (Mahlum Design) 16. Sidewalk and signage improvements will be necessary for increased volumes resulting from light rail stop at 45th and Brooklyn 3. Street and bus stop improvements (scheduled with 15th Ave NE upgrades) 5. provide clear routes for safe access 10.Add bike lanes to Campus Parkway NE 11. Improve traffic flow at signals BICYCLE 9. BUS: 4. Improve bus transfer terminus and layover facilities 6.Connecting bike lanes between University Bridge and adjacent streets. Extend Sakuma Point park and waterfront access 3 13 17 11 LEGEND Light Rail/Street Car Bus Car   Bicycle Pedestrian 16 . Approved green street development (per Seattle Neighborhoods) 15. Widen Burke Gilman Trail to accomodate high volumes around UW 13. Move stop away from high used intersection 2. Increase east/west bus traffic to ease flows on 45th Street CAR: 7. Develop Brooklyn Ave as a North/South bike corridor 12.

Future Waterfront Development? .

Transportation Future? .

Transportation Appendix Transportation 4 .

Driving lane: 14 foot MIN. Shoulder: 5 foot MIN.Example Roadway Cross Section from 2007 Bicycle Master Plan and Design Recommendations from SDOT Right-Of-Way Improvement Manual Design Recommendations for Arterial Streets: Sidewalk: 6 foot MIN. 5 foot MIN. if on 4 foot MIN. bus route if no curb . at curb 10 foot MIN. Streetcar lane: 12 foot MIN. if shared with bikes Parking: Bike Lane: 8 foot MIN. Turning lane: 11 foot MIN. Driving lane: 12 foot MIN.

MIN. MIN.Example Roadway Cross Section from 2007 Bicycle Master Plan and Design Recommendations from SDOT Right-Of-Way Improvement Manual Driving Design Recommendations for Arterial Streets: Sidewalk: Shoulder: Bike Lane: Driving Turning Parking: lane: lane: 6 foot 5 foot 5 foot MIN. lane: 8 foot MIN. at curb 12 foot 11 foot 14 foot MIN. MIN. MIN. MIN. if shared with 10 foot bikes 4 foot MIN. if on if no curb bus route .

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7%* COMPACTED SUBGRADE PER STD. ** REFER TO CHAPTER 3: ALLEY WIDTH REQUIREMENTS Figure 3-15 Alley Improvement September 2005 SEATTLE RIGHT-OF-WAY manual N O T TO SC A LE . ALLEY IMPROVEMENTS SHALL CONSIDER AN ADA ACCESSIBLE ROUTE FOR THE ENTIRE ALLEY.7. 2-06 SURFACING PER CHAPTER 4. SPEC.2: ROADWAY PAVEMENT EXISTING GROUND * SEE STD PLAN 403.7%* 4.ALLEY MARGIN RIGHT-OF WAY ALLEY MARGIN ALLEY PAVEMENT WIDTH PER TABLE C L 1 MAX 2 4.

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2007 SDOT Team Meeting 4 .Performance Measures: Street Type = Classification + Land Use June 15.

3. Chapter 4 Design Criteria June 15. 2007 SDOT Team Meeting 9 .2. PEDESTRIAN Walking Space + Buffers: Protection from moving traffic Standards Street Type Regional Connector Commercial Connector Local Connector Green Street Main Street/ Mixed Use Street Sidewalk 6 feet 6 feet 6 feet 8 feet 8 feet Planting 4 feet 4 feet 6 feet 10 feet 6 feet Parking/Bike 0 feet 8 feet 6 feet 0 feet 8 feet Total (Minimum) 10 feet 18 feet 18 feet 18 feet 22 feet LOS is determined by the percentage meeting the standard. measured along a continuous street-type segment Source: Seattle Right-of-Way Improvements Manual: Section 4.

2007 SDOT Team Meeting 12 . PEDESTRIAN: Vehicle-Pedestrian Conflicts Measures how many vehicles turn across the crosswalk while pedestrians are crossing • • • • Count used is the total for all signal cycles in the PM peak hour Thresholds vary by street type: 200-400 Vehicles = Green Streets/ Main Streets/Local Connectors 400-600 Vehicles = Mixed Use Streets/Commercial Connectors 600-800 Vehicles = Regional Connectors Highest measured in UATAS is over 1.5.000 vehicles June 15.

Table 2. Lower levels of service may require improvements to correct substandard facilities. Figure 4 displays these segments relative to meeting the threshold standards for each street type. sidewalk maintenance or other facility issues. Level of Service for Adequacy of Walking Space (AWS-LOS) Level of Service AWS-LOS A AWS -LOS B AWS -LOS C AWS -LOS D AWS -LOS E AWS -LOS F Percent Meeting Threshold 95 to 100 percent 90 to 95 percent 85 to 90 percent 80 to 85 percent 70 to 80 percent less than 70 percent Thresholds LOS B for Regional Connector. tied to the adjacent land uses were set for each performance measure. All other street types have a LOS C threshold. The thresholds vary based upon the street type City of Seattle Draft 2/6/2008 University Area Transportation Action Strategy Page 11 City of Seattle Draft 2/6/2008 University Area Transportation Action Strategy Page 12 35 36 . Figure 3 shows the sidewalk widths along individual segments (blocks) of University area street types. This indicator addresses pedestrian facilities at a macro-scale level. The following formula was used to calculate the percentage of the adequacy of walking space: EXISTING CONDITIONS classifications. and 2) the length of the traffic signal cycles. The performance measure calculates. This level of service indicator provides an overall view about the adequacy of sidewalks within the UATAS study area. Main Street/Mixed Use and Green Street LOS C for Local Connector Higher levels of service (LOS A or B) indicate adequate sidewalks. Performance measures for pedestrian facilities were defined based on their relationship to the street and adjacent land uses. Ease of street crossings at intersections: Two measures are used: 1) The number of vehicles conflicting with pedestrians. Pedestrian Walking Space The basic facilities for pedestrian travel within an urban environment are sidewalk and crosswalks. the adequacy of space between the pedestrian facilities and adjacent vehicle traffic and the degree of ease for pedestrians to cross streets at signalized intersections. and bike lanes. the analysis applied the following performance measures: Pedestrian walking space: The percentage of pedestrian facilities (sidewalk only) that meets the minimum width as described by the Right-of-Way Improvement Manual. Percent Adequate Walking Space = SUM (the length of the block face having averaged sidewalk width greater than 6 feet) / (the length of pedestrian segment) X 100. Table 2 defines the LOS and thresholds for adequacy of sidewalks. a threshold of LOS B is required. the percentage of the sidewalks that are greater than the minimum 6-foot sidewalk width. Commercial Connector. and does not address important issues such as compliance with the Americans with Disability Act (curb ramps). For Local Connector streets. To evaluate the pedestrian system. by street type. Pedestrian facilities: The percentage of pedestrian facilities that meets the Right-of-Way Improvement Manual guidelines for sidewalk.EXISTING CONDITIONS Pedestrian System Performance The evaluation of the pedestrian system in the University area focused on the provision of sidewalk facilities. The minimum sidewalk width required by Right–ofWay Improvement Manual (Chapter 4.11 Sidewalks) is 6 feet. Specific thresholds. planting strip and other spaces that separate moving vehicles and pedestrians such as on-street parking. such as right-turning and left-turning vehicles in a permissible signal phase.

Source: Mirai Associates. Areas of Transit Problems North NE 65th St Not to scale  5 NE 50th St NE 55th St NE Blakely St Excesssive Transit Delays NE 45th St Low level of Service Low transit speeds Low transit speeds Low transit and HOV speeds Union Bay 5 Low transit speeds Portage Bay SR 520 520 The figure shows the average width of the sidewalk or other paved surface by block. Existing Walking Space Widths Figure 6-2. University Area Transportation Study Transportation Problems April 2002 6-9 City of Seattle Draft 2/6/2008 37 University Area Transportation Action Strategy Page 13 .EXISTING CONDITIONS Figure 3. 2001.

University Area Transportation Study Transportation Problems April 2002 6-8 University Area Transportation Study Transportation Problems April 2002 6-10 .5 Inadequate sidewalks 5 Inadequate facilities NE 50th St NE 55th St NE Blakely St NE Blakely St NE 50th St Undefined Intersection Bike. Source: Mirai Associates. 2001. lacks trail connection Lack of easy connections to BurkeGilman trail Burke-Gilman trail/ street crossing conflicts Inadequate facilities Not enough vehicle storage space NE 45th St Not enough vehicle storage space Left turn pocket too short Congested roadway Congested roadway Inadequate facilities Difficult pedestrian crossings Difficult pedestrian crossings Pedestrian/ bicycle conflicts Union Bay Constrained bridge capacity Union Bay 5 Portage Bay 5 520 Congested interchange Portage Bay SR 520 SR 520 520 Not enough vehicle storage capacity Source: Mirai Associates. 2001. Ped Delays NE 45th St Lack of northsouth bike corridor Inadequate facilities Inadequate pedestrian facilities Pedestrian/ bike/ vehicle conflicts. Areas of Vehicle/Roadway Problems North NE 65th St Not to scale  Non-peak period excessive delays NE 65th St North Not to scale  Inadequate bike facilities.Figure 6-1. Areas of Pedestrian and Bicycle Travel Problems Figure 6-3. lacks trail connection Congested roadway Inadequate sidewalks NE 55th St 5 Inadequate facilities to cross I.

Husky Stadium Station .

Brooklyn Station .

33-137.seattle.gov/transportation/docs/uatas/UATAS2.seattle.gov/transportation/University/DraftReport/UATSchapt7.70 UW Master Plan.html Sound Transit.pdf King County Metro – University District http://metro. see pages 19-23.seattlestreetcar.seattle.gov/Transportation/rowmanual/manual/ Catalyst Share Site Fall 2010 Transportation Study UW Malhum PreDesign Volume 1.gov/transportation/pedestrian.pdf SDOT: University Transportation Study – Transportation problems http://www. 163-165 .gov/tops/bus/neighborhoods/university_district.pdf SDOT: University Transportation Study – Transportation Improvements http://www.pdf SDOT: University Transportation Study – Future conditions http://www.Light Rail http://projects.gov/transportation/University/DraftReport/UATSchapt6.kingcounty.htm http://www.Future Network http://www.seattle.org/future.asp http://www. see pages 41.gov/transportation/University/DraftReport/UATSchapt8.University District Map http://metro.63.seattle.soundtransit.html King County Metro .gov/tops/bus/area_maps/udist_routes.seattle.org/ Seattle Street Car.53.gov/transportation/University/DraftReport/UATSchapt5.kingcounty.pdf SDOT: University Transportation Study – Existing conditions http://www.Links/ Sources SDOT: University Area Transportation Action Strategy http://www.seattle.