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Minimum Wages

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Minimum Wages & 2 October 2010 - 17 November 2010

2 October 2010 - 17 November 2010

Minimum Wages & 2 October 2010 - 17 November 2010
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 2
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 2
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 2
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 2
Contents Chapter 1 Crisis in MGNREGA: Priority Issues   6 Chapter 2 Mazdoor Haq Yatra

Contents

Chapter 1

Crisis in MGNREGA: Priority Issues

 

6

Chapter 2

Mazdoor Haq Yatra and Satyagraha

10

Section 1

About the Mazdoor Haq Yatra and Satyagraha

10

Section 2

Calendar of events

14

Chapter 3

Important documents related to the issues raised in the satyagraha

18

Section 1

Indira Jaising’s legal opinion

 

18

Section 2

Andhra Pradesh High Court Order

23

Section 3

Re. 1 per day payment in Gudilya village, Tonk district

26

Section 4

Relevant Recommendations from the Working Group on Transparency and Accountability with MoRD’s Response and Working Group’s Rejoinder

30

Section 5

Government order

denying registration for

the Rajasthan Mazdoor

35

Union

Section 6

Minutes of the meeting on Policy for Revising Wage Rate in NREGA on 10 th July 2009

39

Section 7

File notings on the minimum wage issue

 

44

Section 8

Letter from Government of Rajasthan to the Government of India seeking minimum wages for the MGNREGA

50

Section 9

Open statement from eminent jurists on non-payment of minimum wages to MGNREGA workers

52

Section 10

Emergency recommendations on NREGA wage policy by the CEGC Working Group on Wages (May 2010)

55

Section 11

Relevant portions of The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976

59

Section 12

NAC press release on minimum wages

 

65

Section 13

Letter from Ashok Gehlot to Manmohan Singh

66

Section 14

Letter to C. P. Joshi about his incorrect statements in the media

68

Section 15

Letter from Rosaiah to Manmohan Singh

 

69

68 Section 15 Letter from Rosaiah to Manmohan Singh   69 Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
68 Section 15 Letter from Rosaiah to Manmohan Singh   69 Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
Section 16 Letter from Sonia Gandhi to Manmohan Singh 70 Section 17 Signed agreement with

Section 16

Letter from Sonia Gandhi to Manmohan Singh

70

Section 17

Signed agreement with the Government of Rajasthan on the basis of which the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha stopped

81

Section 18

People’s Pay Commission

82

Chapter 4

Articles of note from the media coverage of the issue

92

Section 1

On guarantees anymore, 3 rd October 2010, The Hindu

93

Section 2

The wages of discontent, 23 rd October 2010, The Hindu

95

Chapter 5

Letters written to the Government of Rajasthan during the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha

99

Chapter 6

Flexes used in the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha

129

Chapter 7

Songs from the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha

139

Chapter 8

Press releases of the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha

151

139 Chapter 8 Press releases of the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha 151 Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
139 Chapter 8 Press releases of the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha 151 Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
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Chapter 1 Crisis in MGNREGA: Priority Issues Section 1 The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment

Chapter 1 Crisis in MGNREGA: Priority Issues

Section 1

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is a path- breaking legislation offering hope to millions of poor people in India. It has already led to many positive achievements: large-scale employment generation (more than 50 million women and men worked on MGNREGA in 2009-10), empowerment of rural women, slowdown of rural-urban migration, creation of many productive assets, increase in acutely depressed wages earned by the poor among others. However, a series of emergency measures are required if the gains made through MGNREGA are to be preserved and consolidated. Some of the immediate areas of serious concern are summarized below.

1. Violation of the Minimum Wages Act

The current policy on wages of the government of India violates the fundamental rights of workers as well as Supreme Court and High Court decisions, by contravening the Minimum Wages Act. Shockingly, the union government takes the view that it is not bound to pay minimum wages to MGNREGA workers, thereby effectively destroying the sanctity of one of India’s most important legislations for the unorganized poor. [See Chapter 2, Section 3]

The effective “freeze” of NREGA wages at Rs 100/day also directly violates the Minimum Wages Act, since all workers are entitled to the statutory minimum wage applicable in their respective states. This has already been challenged and set aside in the Andhra Pradesh High Court and is likely to be struck down, sooner or later, by the Supreme Court. Wage policy for MGNREGA needs to be urgently reconciled with the Minimum Wages Act.

2. Crisis of Wage Policy

The Finance Minister in his budget speech of July 2009 promised that a real wage of Rs. 100 would be assured to all MGNREGA workers in the country. In fact the notification now in operation (dated 1 January 2009) has in effect capped wages at Rs 100/day in nominal terms across the country. The real value of wages is steadily declining every month, as prices increase without any corresponding increase in money wages. This is a violation of the UPA- 2 government’s promise to ensure a “real wage” of Rs 100/day for MGNREGA workers. Meanwhile, MPs and bureaucrats are insisting – successfully – on massive salary increases.

are insisting – successfully – on massive salary increases. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page
are insisting – successfully – on massive salary increases. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page
The MoRD’s response to the recommendations of the Working Group on Wages (WGW) has been

The MoRD’s response to the recommendations of the Working Group on Wages (WGW) has been to delay the matter further by referring it to other committees [see Chapter 2, Section 4].

3. Continued Delays in Wage Payments

Reports of long delays in wage payments have been pouring from all over the country in the last two years. This is threatening to undermine the entire programme, as delays in payments discourage workers from joining MGNREGA worksites. Yet, very little has been done to address this problem. Some remedial measures have recently been suggested by the Central Employment Guarantee Council’s “Working Group on Wages”. There have been examples in different states through which compensation and interest has been paid. However, instead of universalizing these mechanisms for payment of compensation for delays in payment of wages and the automatic payment of interest, the issues has been deliberately avoided by saying that this is a matter for the states to decide. For workers on the edge of survival, timely payments are crucial to their faith in the Act.

4. Lack of Accountability

The MGNREGA is the first of a series of social policy legislations in the entitlements framework. In this paradigm the worker should have the facility to access entitlements easily, through a series of well understood mechanisms under her/his control - like the application for work. The accountability aspects therefore need to be legally and administratively structured in a manner that the worker has the power to enforce rights, and have grievances redressed, and control the public vigilance and monitoring aspects independently of the implementing agency.

a) Undermining Accountability

Unfortunately, all the accountability provisions of MGNREGA (especially (i) unemployment allowance, (ii) compensation for delayed payments, and (iii) penalty for dereliction of duty) have been quietly and structurally sidelined, so that all the power remains in the hands of bureaucrats and those responsible for implementation. This defeats the purpose of the Act, which is to give workers enforceable entitlements. The accountability provisions of MGNREGA urgently need to be activated. We present one extreme case of gross violation of basic entitlements from Tonk District in Rajasthan where workers were paid wages of Re. 1/day! [See Chapter 2, Section 5]

b) Undermining Public Vigilance and Social Audits

Another aspect of the deliberately weakened accountability structure is the undermining of social audit provisions. Specifically, a damaging amendment was recently made to Section 13 of MGNREGA, preventing the participation of independent parties in social audits, and making the social audit an exercise controlled by the implementing agency. This amendment

audit an exercise controlled by the implementing agency. This amendment Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
audit an exercise controlled by the implementing agency. This amendment Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
needs to be reversed, and positive provisions are also required to make social audits and

needs to be reversed, and positive provisions are also required to make social audits and public vigilance processes open, inclusive and participatory. The MoRD acknowledges the restrictive and closed “social audit process” after this amendment, and that as a result no state except Andhra Pradesh has carried out effective social audits. However, instead of adopting the Andhra model as suggested by the Transparency and Accountability Working Group, the MoRD has deliberately dragged its feet and undermined the social audit process [see Chapter 2, Section 6].

5. Dysfunctionality of the Central Employment Guarantee Council

The Central Employment Guarantee Council (CECG) has wide powers and responsibilities under the Act. It was intended to act as an independent watchdog for MGNREGA at the national level. However, the CECG has failed to fulfill its mandate under the law. It rarely meets, does not have an Executive Committee, and did not submit any of the annual reports it is supposed to prepare for Parliament. This is unlikely to change unless the Council is restructured and enabled to carry out its mandate of being MGNREGA’s independent monitoring body at the national level.

6. Bharat Nirman Rajiv Gandhi Seva Kendras

In mid-2009, the Ministry of Rural Development launched a wholly misconceived programme of construction of “Bharat Nirman Rajiv Gandhi Seva Kendras” under MGNREGA. An executive amendment was quietly made in the Act, to add this to the list of permissible works, and enormous pressure was put on the states to give top priority to the construction of BNRGSKs. This programme is acting as a backdoor entry for exploitative contractors and a new fountain of corruption in MGNREGA. It is also draining the resources available for material expenditure in MGNREGA, because the material-labour ratio in BNRGSK is very high (up to 90-10), while a cap of 40-60 applies in MGNREGA as a whole. The construction of BNRGSKs should be undertaken, if at all, under other programmes than MGNREGA (such as BRGF), with only the labour component coming under MGNREGA. The worst aspect of this top-down directive of a material intensive construction program is that it blatantly violates the statutory right and autonomy of the Gram Sabha to plan and choose the works to be undertaken in the Panchayat.

7. Securing the workers’ fundamental right to association

To make matters worse, even independent efforts of the poor to secure entitlements are being discouraged. For fulfillment of entitlements under MGNREGA, it is crucial that the workers’ right to organize is protected and facilitated. Unfortunately, what is noticed is that all those who are “managers” such as rozgar sahayaks, panchayat secretaries, sarpanches, engineers,

such as rozgar sahayaks, panchayat secretaries, sarpanches, engineers, Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 8
such as rozgar sahayaks, panchayat secretaries, sarpanches, engineers, Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 8
accountants and even program officers have formed the unions and begun to agitate for better

accountants and even program officers have formed the unions and begun to agitate for better service conditions. While this is certainly part of their fundamental rights, strangely enough the registration of workers’ unions have been obstructed and even barred in some places (see Chapter 2, Section 7), using a number of questionable excuses, including the ridiculous contention that the MGNREGA workers are not workers at all!

We take this opportunity to express our solidarity with all organizations and individuals, especially workers’ organizations, which are fighting for the rights of MGNREGA workers and against the undermining of MGNREGA by vested interests. For our part, we shall endeavour to strengthen ongoing programs of action to secure the entitlements of the MGNREGA workers such as Raichur Dharna (Karnataka), Mazdoor Haq Yatra and Satyagraha (Rajasthan), NREGA Sahayata Kendras (Jharkhand), Labour Federations in Andhra Pradesh, NFIW organizational efforts on MGNREGA etc. See the next chapter for details about the Mazdoor Haq Yatra and Satyagraha.

the next chapter for details about the Mazdoor Haq Yatra and Satyagraha. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
the next chapter for details about the Mazdoor Haq Yatra and Satyagraha. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
the next chapter for details about the Mazdoor Haq Yatra and Satyagraha. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
Chapter 2 Mazdoor Haq Yatra and Satyagraha Section 1 About the Mazdoor Haq Yatra and

Chapter 2 Mazdoor Haq Yatra and Satyagraha

Section 1

About the Mazdoor Haq Yatra and Satyagraha

Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha

The Suchna Evum Rozgar ka Adhikar Abhiyan (S. R. Abhiyan) began a Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha from the 2nd of October, 2010 near the Statue Circle in Jaipur.

The S. R. Abhiyan organized a Mazdoor Haq Yatra, in which there were 5 groups – one each in Ajmer, Jodhpur, Kota, Rajsamand and Udaipur. The yatras started on the 15th of September, 2010 and will be converging near the Statue Circle in Jaipur on October 2nd. The response to these yatras has been overwhelming. Workers and farmers across the state have endorsed the critical need to establish dignity and justice for themselves. These discussions have built up a discourse enriched by people’s analysis of crucial issues under assault and debate, such as the control and right to access resources of the state and the consequent question of equitable sharing. This has strengthened the Abhiyan’s resolve to establish non- negotiable entitlements for basic life and livelihood. The people who have attended the yatra meetings in street corners of small towns and villages have supported these yatras with contributions of food, shelter, fuel and money, so that each yatra has been self- sufficient.

The significance of the Satyagraha beginning on 2nd October is manifold. The Satyagraha raises issues of the “last person” so critical a focus of Gandhiji’s life and work. It is also an ironical comment on a government wanting to deny permission to a non- violent “satyagraha” beginning on Gandhi Jayanti to draw attention to the basic entitlements of ordinary people and the ethics of governance! We say this because there have been attempts by some individuals in the government to refuse us permission to use the place for the Satyagraha.

The first issue will, therefore, be the right for the marginalised and the unheard to have and access platforms of dissent and non-violent protest. By merely prefixing MG to the NREGA the government has not “improved” upon legal entitlements of workers since the real entitlements for labour are being steadily undermined.

The central government has de-linked minimum wages from wages under the MGNREGA. In addition the “wage rate” has been frozen for almost two years. Even the so called “wage rate” is systematically violated with people being paid as little as one rupee a day, and an average payment of Rs. 75 per day being paid in Rajasthan making even the Rs. 100 a day a

Rs. 75 per day being paid in Rajasthan making even the Rs. 100 a day a
Rs. 75 per day being paid in Rajasthan making even the Rs. 100 a day a
charade. The S. R. Abhiyan is unwilling to let any employer (much less the government)

charade. The S. R. Abhiyan is unwilling to let any employer (much less the government) undermine the sanctity of minimum wages for any worker in the state and country.

The other broad concern is the manifest corruption which derails and denies access to entitlements and benefits. In this broad area are the rights that lie with the newly acquired RTI regime; and the ensuing entitlements within the MGNREGA for transparency and accountability. This is a general empowerment under RTI to citizens to access and use information to monitor governance. Of specific concern is the exercise of social audit, a mandate entitled in the MGNREGA. Innumerable problems have been created both at the level of amendments to the schedule of the Act in the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, and in the organised reaction of those who are being monitored for mismanagement and fraud at the village and panchayat levels. This is a reflection too of the feudal and repressive nature not only of the social structure, but of governance itself.

The satyagraha will also be a platform which will raise issues of dignity and basic entitlements for the primary producers in the country – the mazdoors, who are also very often kisans; the sanctity of democratic space, peaceful protest and the accountability of democratic structures to the people of the country.

This Satyagraha will continue indefinitely until at least two of the above demands are addressed: a direct and clear commitment from the government to implement social audits and an increase in minimum wages for workers under MGNREGA. On different days of the indefinite Satyagraha we have planned activities of different duration. On the first day, 99 workers who got paid Re.1/day for 11 days work in Tonk district intend to come and donate their earnings to the CM’s Relief Fund towards the payment of government employees’ daily allowance (D.A.). One the first day we will also announce and begin to setup:

a Mazdoori Jan Aayog [People’s Commission on Wages] to discuss the sanctity of minimum wages and to fix wages for workers.

a Chote Kisan Jan Aayog to take up issues of farmers, including land, subsidies, seeds, fertilizers, insurance, credit and minimum support prices [M.S.P.].

a Panchayati Raj Sashaktikaran Sammelan for real the strengthening of the Panchayati Raj Institutions [P.R.I.s].

Public Hearings on MGNREGA to look into the status of implementations of the ten entitlements under MGNREGA

a People’s Commission on the Implementation of the RTI Act and a charter for transparent governance through proper implementation of Section 4 of the Act, which is about proactive disclosure.

the demand for setting up of an Accountability Commission to decide tasks and measure work that government ‘servants’ do. This happens for MGNREGA workers, so why not have accountability and penalty for government servants as well?

not have accountability and penalty for government servants as well? Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
not have accountability and penalty for government servants as well? Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
• discussions on issues related to Food Security . This will be done in partnership

discussions on issues related to Food Security. This will be done in partnership with the Right to Food Campaign and the themes in the discourse will include the right to minimum nutritional entitlements and issues of food productivity, procurement, storage & distribution.

last but not least, sessions on the theme of ‘Save Democracy’. There have been systematic attempts to muzzle peaceful protest. This is done by cultivating a mind set in those who administer to convert all protest into a law and order issue, thereby defusing and sometimes destroying the rule of law. Refusing us permission to peacefully protest is just an example. Distinction between peaceful demonstrations and violent protest must be made, and space must be provided for the former if democracy is to function effectively.

The mandate and message we carry with us from the people we met during the yatras is unambiguous: Take our message to Jaipur and we will come there to join the Satyagraha. Not only have daily wage labourers promised to come, they have even offered to support us in cash and through other means.

We are making an appeal to all supporters of these issues to give time, spread the word, join the campaign and to donate at least one day’s wages (more is of course welcome) to support what may turn out to be a long and decisive struggle for dignity and justice. Please let us know as soon as possible if and when you would like to come so that we can plan the logistics. Contact details can be found below. Media persons are advised to contact the control room. This is not to restrict the numbers who might want to come, but to facilitate planning. We would be strengthened by your support and participation. We look forward to seeing you at the Satyagraha.

Aruna Roy, Bhanwar Meghwanshi, Hariom Soni, Moti Lal, Richa Odichya, Nikhil Dey, Shankar Singh, Ram Karan and R D Vyas, Naveen Narayan, Renuka Pamecha, Rawata Ram. (On behalf of the Rozgar Evum Suchna ke Adhikar ka Abhiyan, Rajasthan)

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Contact details

Suchna evum Rozgar Ka Adhikar Abhiyan (S R Abhiyan)

Address: 20, Narain Nagar, Badgaon, District Udaipur, Rajasthan

Fax: +91 294 2451391

Email: srabhiyan@gmail.com

Udaipur, Rajasthan Fax : +91 294 2451391 Email : srabhiyan@gmail.com Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
Udaipur, Rajasthan Fax : +91 294 2451391 Email : srabhiyan@gmail.com Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
RTI Manch Address : Plot number S-9, Rajshree Apartments, Jyoti Nagar Extension, Behind Amroodo ka

RTI Manch

Address: Plot number S-9, Rajshree Apartments, Jyoti Nagar Extension, Behind Amroodo ka Baag, Jaipur – 300205

Landline: +91 141 2740019

Mobile: +91 9252489519

Email: rtiraj@gmail.com

Control Room

Address: BARC, P-1, Tilak Marg, C Scheme, Jaipur, Rajasthan – 302001

Landline: +91 141 2385254

Marg, C Scheme, Jaipur, Rajasthan – 302001 Landline : +91 141 2385254 Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
Marg, C Scheme, Jaipur, Rajasthan – 302001 Landline : +91 141 2385254 Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
Marg, C Scheme, Jaipur, Rajasthan – 302001 Landline : +91 141 2385254 Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
Chapter 2 Section 2 Calendar of events Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha – A Platform for Democracy

Chapter 2

Section 2

Calendar of events

Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha – A Platform for Democracy

The Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha is an on-going protest by the workers to demand the payment of inflation-indexed minimum wage, which was arbitrarily frozen through a Government of India notification in January 2009. The “dharna” also functions as a platform for democratic governance. Every day, issues of relevance to the workers are taken up for discussion facilitated by a panel of eminent persons in that domain. The Satyagraha is also demanding an effective implementation of social audits under the MGNREGA. The highlights of the dharna are as under:

15 th September 2010 - 1 st October 2010: The S. R. Abhiyan organized Mazdoor Haq Yatras in 5 divisions of Rajasthan (Ajmer, Jodhpur, Kota, Rajsamand and Udaipur). During the yatras the S. R. Abhiyan found that there was a strong response by people to the injustice being delivered by the government on the issue of wages under the MGNREGA.

27 th September 2010: A press conference was organised in Delhi in which, among others, two CEGC members voiced their concerns about persistent challenges in the effective implementation of social audits and the crisis of wages in MGNREGA across the country.

2 nd October 2010: The S. R. Abhiyan started the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha which is an indefinite protest making two major demands: first, minimum wage linked to inflation must be paid under MGNREGA and clear commitment from the government to implement social audits. On this day the S. R. Abhiyan announced the following activities:

a Mazdoori Jan Aayog [People’s Commission on Wages] to discuss the sanctity of minimum wages and to fix wages for workers.

a Chote Kisan Jan Aayog to take up issues of farmers, including land, subsidies, seeds, fertilizers, insurance, credit and minimum support prices [M.S.P.].

a Panchayati

Raj

Institutions [P.R.I.s].

Sashaktikaran

Sammelan to

strengthen

the

Panchayati

Raj

‘Public Hearings on MGNREGA’ to look into the status of implementations of the ten entitlements under MGNREGA.

the status of implementations of the ten entitlements under MGNREGA. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
the status of implementations of the ten entitlements under MGNREGA. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
• a ‘People’s Commission on the Implementation of the RTI Act’ and a charter for

a ‘People’s Commission on the Implementation of the RTI Act’ and a charter for transparent governance through proper implementation of Section 4 (proactive disclosure) of the Act.

the demand to establish an ‘Accountability Commission’ to decide tasks and measure work that government ‘servants’ do.

4 th October 2010: The Government of Rajasthan announced an increase in minimum wages but does not link it to MGNREGA. Wage rate under MGNREGA thus lower than the state minimum wage.

7 th October 2010: The S. R. Abhiyan demanded an ‘Accountability Commission’ from the State Government following a spot survey of 48 offices in Jaipur which revealed that a majority of the senior and middle rung officials failed to come to office on time.

8 th October 2010: Some members of the S. R. Abhiyan visited the chowkti (mazdoor mandi) to talk about the Satyagraha and received overwhelming support for the issues. The labourers there also made a contribution of Rs. 200 for the dharna.

9 th October 2010: The Government of India announced that it has set up a committee to be headed by Pranob Sen to look into the minimum wage issue under MGNREGA.

10 th October 2010: A public hearing was held on people with disability in MGNREGA at the Satyagraha. Here the Minister for Rural Development, Government of India was reminded of his promise made in 2009 to ensure work for people with disabilities under the MGNREGA.

12 th October 2010: The Right to Information Act completed 5 years on this day. The S. R. Abhiyan organised a Suchna Mela at the Satyagraha. The Khazana Rath Yatra lampooning an unaccountable and unresponsive state made its maiden trip. The S. R. Abhiyan also submitted a request to the Chief Minister of Rajasthan to lodge FIRs against the Assistant Engineer in Tonk district for committing fraud by submitting fake measurement books for work worth 4.2 lakh rupees in the matter of the 99 labourers who were paid 1 Re per day for eleven days of work.

13 th October 2010: The S. R. Abhiyan members met the Chief Secretary and Principal Secretary Finance and Policy Planning and were informed that the Government of Rajasthan will write to Government of India to increase minimum wages under the MGNREGA (letter dated October 18, 2010 attached)

14 th October 2010: Participants at the Satyagraha prepared a brief status report on delayed wage payments from 8 districts in the MGNREGA. The S. R. Abhiyan members met with the Chief Minister and submitted a letter demanding compensation payments as provided under the Act.

20 th October 2010: A public hearing on single women households in MGNREGA was held at the Satyagraha where the Ekal Shakti Sangathan expressed its solidarity with the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha. Women who came shared that only single women with an annual income of

. Women who came shared that only single women with an annual income of Minimum Wages
. Women who came shared that only single women with an annual income of Minimum Wages
less than Rs 1500 were eligible for pension (Rs 500 per month). They also shared

less than Rs 1500 were eligible for pension (Rs 500 per month). They also shared that HIV positive women were initially denied work under the MGNREGA, which was finally given only after pressure. HIV positive women were also given an allowance of 50% work.

21 st October 2010: A public hearing on marginalised communities (Valmikis, Kalbeliyas, Banjaras and Kherwas) in MGNREGA was held at the Satyagraha. The main demands were land titles for nomadic communities, residential schooling for children and the establishment

of a state level position and committee to monitor and oversee issues related to marginalized

communities

30 th October 2010: A review of the status of the 10 entitlements in the MGNREGA was held

at the Satyagraha. Following this all the people who were at the Satyagraha took part in a

rally which proceeded from Udyog Maidan (near Statute Circle) to the Collectorate at Jaipur.

A delegation met with the Chief Minister of Rajasthan who assured the Satyagrahis that he

would send a letter to the Prime Minister of India asking for minimum wages to be paid

under the MGNREGA.

5 th November 2010: While government employees got a Diwali bonus of approximately Rs. 230 crore, workers in the MGNREGA were still fighting to get a bare minimum wage. To protest the misplaced priorities of the government, the Satyagrahis observed a Kali Diwali (Black Diwali).

10 th November 2010: A public hearing on was held on forest land rights. Based on the testimonies made at the Satyagraha on dalit, land right and forest rights issues a delegation met with the Principal Secretary issued orders that the anomalies should be inquired into.

12 th November 2010: A national public hearing on the MGNREGA was held in New Delhi. A letter from the Chairperson of the NAC to the Prime Minister of India saying that minimum wages need to be paid to all MGNREGA workers.

14 th November 2010: P. Sainath came to the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha and spoke to the satyagrahis.

16 th November 2010: A talk on the UID was held. A delegation from the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha met with a team of senior bureaucrats from the Rajasthan government headed by the Chief Secretary. The government agreed to the following demands of the satyagrahis:

After the Government of India decides in principle to link the wage rate in the MGNREGA to an index, the minimum wage applicable in the State of Rajasthan will also accordingly be linked to the Consumer Price Index.

When there is a delay in the payment of wages in the NREGA, appropriate procedures as outlined in the Payment of Wages Act, 1936 will be followed.

The Collector of Tonk District will conduct an investigation on the case of payment of Re. 1 in the Gudilya village of Tonk district by 30 th November.

Re. 1 in the Gudilya village of Tonk district by 30 t h November. Minimum Wages
Re. 1 in the Gudilya village of Tonk district by 30 t h November. Minimum Wages
• Once an appeal is filed in the Labour Department with regard to the registration

Once an appeal is filed in the Labour Department with regard to the registration of the NREGA workers’ union, the appropriate decision will be taken.

Detailed orders have been issued to implement the piece-rate system properly in NREGA on 15 th November 2010 and appropriate training for this will be provided. If required this system will be further strengthened.

17 th November 2010: Based on the fact the Government of Rajasthan agreed to certain demands on the previous day the dharna is lifted. This is also the day on which the first assembly/public-hearing of the People’s Pay Commission takes place.

assembly/public-hearing of the People’s Pay Commission takes place. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 17
assembly/public-hearing of the People’s Pay Commission takes place. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 17
assembly/public-hearing of the People’s Pay Commission takes place. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 17
Chapter 3 Section 1 Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 18

Chapter 3

Section 1

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Chapter 3 Section 2 Andhra Pradesh High Court Order Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha

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Section 2

Andhra Pradesh High Court Order

Chapter 3 Section 2 Andhra Pradesh High Court Order Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page
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Chapter 3 Section 3 Part 1: Letter written by the workers from Gudliya village, Tonk

Chapter 3

Section 3

Part 1: Letter written by the workers from Gudliya village, Tonk district to the Chief Minister of Rajasthan about being paid Re. 1 per day in the MGNREGA

Minister of Rajasthan about being paid Re. 1 per day in the MGNREGA Minimum Wages and
Minister of Rajasthan about being paid Re. 1 per day in the MGNREGA Minimum Wages and
Minister of Rajasthan about being paid Re. 1 per day in the MGNREGA Minimum Wages and
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Chapter 3 Section 3 Part 2: The muster-roll which records the work for which workers

Chapter 3

Section 3

Part 2: The muster-roll which records the work for which workers in Gudilya village, Tonk district got paid Re. 1 per day in the MGNREGA

in Gudilya village, Tonk district got paid Re. 1 per day in the MGNREGA Minimum Wages
in Gudilya village, Tonk district got paid Re. 1 per day in the MGNREGA Minimum Wages
in Gudilya village, Tonk district got paid Re. 1 per day in the MGNREGA Minimum Wages
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Chapter 3 Section 4 Relevant Recommendations from the Working Group on Transparency and Accountability with

Chapter 3

Section 4

Relevant Recommendations from the Working Group on Transparency and Accountability with MoRD’s Response and Working Group’s Rejoinder

I. Issue: Implementing agency same as auditing

Working Group Recommendation: Constitutions of Directorate of Social Audit as apex body for conduct of Social Audit in the state, independent of implementing agencies. To have Technical Wing to inquire into MGNREGA accounts, other financial records at all levels & examine quality of works

MoRD’s Response:

1. AP has established an independent and autonomous body under the name of

Society for Social Audit, Accountability and Transparency (SSAAT) which is

responsible for facilitating conduct of Social Audit by the rural poor.

Commissioner, Rural Development of the State enters into an MoU with SSAAT

for conduct of Social Audit on the basis of a calendar prepared for the same. The

Government is bound to act on the findings of Social Audits.

discrepancies/ misappropriations to the tune of Rs.88 crores have been deduced in the State of Andhra Pradesh and more than 4600 officials have been proceeded

far

The

Till so

against it. In rest of the country, the Social Audit is being conducted by the Gram Sabha presided over by the Sarpanch and all put together have not detected

irregularities even

any number of complaints from some of the areas which are not getting captured through the Social Audit process.

On the other hand, there have been

at any significant

scale.

2. The Directorate of Social Audit may be set up by States on a Reimbursement Model with Central assistance for the next 5-8 years and to be handed over to the State Government.

Response of the Chairperson of the Working Group:

The ministry should not just fund the setting up of a directorate of social audit, but ensure that the directorate is independent and able to carry out its task in the manner that Andhra Pradesh has done. The ministry needs to seriously consider why no other state has managed to capture discrepancies through social audits even though all state governments are reporting successful completion of social audit processes.

are reporting successful completion of social audit processes. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 30
are reporting successful completion of social audit processes. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 30
II. Issue: Gram Sabha meetings not held for SA Working Group Recommendation: the mandatory assembly

II. Issue: Gram Sabha meetings not held for SA

Working Group Recommendation: the mandatory assembly of the Gram Sabha held every six months for this purpose may be called the ‘Social Audit Forum’

MoRD’s Response:

This may be called the Social Audit Gram Sabha instead of Social Audit Forum since Act mentions gram, sabha not social audit forum

Response of the Chairperson of the Working Group:

There is a fundamental issue that is to be considered. The working group was not questioning the need for the gram sabha to carry out the social audit. However, as the ministry has pointed out the current interpretation of section 13 (1)(B) as amended makes the gram sabha a completely exclusive restrictive body. No accountability mechanism for any citizen in India can be restricted on the basis of ‘autonomy’. The social audit gram sabha must therefore have special arrangements to ensure that the people of the gram sabha are facilitated and supported in making fully informed decisions.

III. Issue: SA not open and inclusive. Restricting the outsiders to Social Audit Gram Sabha

Working Group Recommendation: Revised formulation of Schedule 1-13 (b), Social Audit Forum shall be an open and inclusive forum to encourage broad based public participation. Any individual or association of individuals shall be allowed to participate, testify and place their observations on record. However, they will have no voting rights

MoRD’s Response:

1. Section 17 of the Act provides “The Gram Sabha shall monitor the execution of works within the Gram Panchayat. 2) The Gram Sabha shall conduct regular social audits of all the projects under the Scheme taken up within the Gram Panchayat. 3) The Gram Panchayat shall make available all relevant documents including the muster rolls, bills, vouchers, measurement books, copies of sanction orders and other connected books of account and papers o the Gram Sabha for the purpose of conducting the social audit.”

2. Provision 13(b) (ix) of Schedule I provides “the Social Audit shall be open to public participation. Any outside individual person apart from the Gram Sabha shall be allowed to attend the Social Audit as observers without intervening the proceedings of the Social Audit.” According to this provision, participation in the social audit being conducted by the Gram Sabha for any person, who is not a member of that Gram Sabha except as a spectator is prohibited by these provisions.

Gram Sabha except as a spectator is prohibited by these provisions. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
Gram Sabha except as a spectator is prohibited by these provisions. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
3. Gram Sabha as provided under Article 243 (b) of the Constitution means “a body

3. Gram Sabha as provided under Article 243 (b) of the Constitution means “a body of persons registered in the electoral rolls relating to a village comprised within the area of Panchayat at village level”. Article 243 (A) further provides: “A Gram Sabha may exercise such powers and perform such functions at the village level as the Legislature of a State may, by law, provide.” In other words, a Gram Sabha comprises the registered voters from that Panchayat and stands to exercise such powers and functions as may be delegated to it by the State Legislature.

4. The basic objective of a social audit is to ensure public accountability in the implementation of projects, laws and policies. One simple form of social audit is a public assembly where all the details of a project are scrutinized. However, ‘social audit’ can also be understood in a broader sense, as a continuous process of public vigilance. However, as per the law, no institution other than the Gram Sabha is recognized and therefore “Social audit Forum” cannot be created.

5. Earlier the practice had been that in the State of Rajasthan Social Audit was being

The Hon’ble Jaipur High

Court have decided on the basis of the Provision 13(b) (xi) that active participation of

any outside agency in the process of Social Audit would be against the provisions of the Act and its Rules so much so that even the participation of Minister (RD) or the Secretary (RD) in the Social Audit process would be against the afore provisions.

conducted with the aid of MKSS in different Panchayats.

6. The

Government

of

Andhra

Pradesh

have

come

out

with

the

National

Rural

Employment Guarantee Scheme-AP Social Audit Rules, 2008 under the powers

conferred by Section 32 (1) of the Act read with Section 23 (3).

become necessary that the Social Audit must develop into effective instrument. Therefore, it is proposed to suitably amend 13(b) of Schedule I. It is further proposed to circulate the draft model Social Audit Rules to the States which they can notify under Section 32 (2) read with Section 23(3) with / without modification. Model rules may make the suggestion and states may decide in the manner of adoption as Article 243 A of the Constitution defines Gram Sabha and States have power to determine the functioning of Gram Sabha in their State Panchayati Raj Acts

v. It has, therefore,

Response of the Chairperson of the Working Group:

1. The ‘proposed suitable amendment to 13 (1) (B) is not’ included in the ministry’s views. This should have been placed before the CEGC now itself so as to avoid another round of consultations and potential problems. The working group has suggested and drafted a set of amendments to enable the Andhra model of social audit. Shall we assume that these are the ‘proposed amendments’? This is the most crucial aspect of the working group’s recommendations on social audit.

2. The social audit gram sabha must have special arrangements to ensure that the people of the gram sabha are facilitated and supported in making fully informed decisions. In fact this would be true of the planning gram sabha, also seldom held,

fact this would be true of the planning gram sabha, also seldom held, Minimum Wages and
fact this would be true of the planning gram sabha, also seldom held, Minimum Wages and
as well where the gram sabha needs assistance for preparing itself for projects and labour

as well where the gram sabha needs assistance for preparing itself for projects and labour budgets.

3. The gram sabha is also responsible under section 17 (1) for monitoring the execution of works within the gram panchayat. This definition of the gram sabha offered by section 13 (1) (B) mean that nobody else, including government officials and public representatives, could monitor execution of the works within the gram panchayat.

4. Article 243 (A) and (B) do not exclude anyone in the manner that the amendments under 13 (B) do. The level of restriction is acknowledged in the ministry’s response when it says that ‘even the minister RD and the secretary RD could not participate in the social audit process’

5. In the working group the member from the CAG had the following points to make:

a. since amounts of more than 1 crore are being spent in one panchayat, avenues for public participation should be wider.

b. Civil society organizations should be allowed to facilitate the gram sabha.

c. A suitable amendment to 13 (B) would:

i. Be like AP social audit

ii. Look into composition of social audit team

iii. Gram Sabha will not be chaired by anyone in charge of implementation at panchayat

iv. Allowing outside participation but no voting rights

IV. Issue: Implementing and auditing agency are one, if sarpanch chairs the gram sabha for SA

Working Group Recommendation: Social Audit Forum Gram Sabha shall not be chaired by anyone who is involved in the implementation of MGNREGA, including the Gram Panchayat Sarpanch (President etc.) as the Gram Panchayat is the main implementing agency.

MoRD’s Response:

1. Articles 243(b) and 243(A) of the Constitution do not provide that the Gram Sabha meeting will be chaired by the Sarpanch. Section 17 also does not make provisions to this effect. However, the Panchayat Acts of the State contain provisions to the effect that the Gram Sabha meetings shall be presided over by the Sarpanch of the Panchayats.

meetings shall be presided over by the Sarpanch of the Panchayats. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
meetings shall be presided over by the Sarpanch of the Panchayats. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
2. The model rules circulated also contain provision to the effect that the periodic Gram

2. The model rules circulated also contain provision to the effect that the periodic Gram Sabha organized to undertake social audits shall select its own chairpersons other than the Sarpanch. It is for the State to accept or modify this provision. States may adopt/ modify their PRI Acts

Response of the Chairperson of the Working Group:

The working group was of the opinion that to protect the independence of all audit processes there must be no conflict of interest. Therefore, it cannot be left a particular state or gram sabha to decide who will chair a social audit meeting. The special circumstances of a social audit make it mandatory that the implementing agency occupies not position of authority in the audit process. Doing so would severely compromise the entire process.

audit process. Doing so would severely compromise the entire process. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
audit process. Doing so would severely compromise the entire process. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
Chapter 3 Section 5 Government order denying registration for the Rajasthan Mazdoor Union Minimum Wages

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Section 5

Government order denying registration for the Rajasthan Mazdoor Union

5 Government order denying registration for the Rajasthan Mazdoor Union Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
5 Government order denying registration for the Rajasthan Mazdoor Union Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
5 Government order denying registration for the Rajasthan Mazdoor Union Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
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Chapter 3 Section 6 Minutes of the meeting on Policy for Revising Wage Rate in

Chapter 3

Section 6

Minutes of the meeting on Policy for Revising Wage Rate in NREGA on 10 th July 2009

on Policy for Revising Wage Rate in NREGA on 10 t h July 2009 Minimum Wages
on Policy for Revising Wage Rate in NREGA on 10 t h July 2009 Minimum Wages
on Policy for Revising Wage Rate in NREGA on 10 t h July 2009 Minimum Wages
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Chapter 3 Section 7 File notings on the minimum wage issue Minimum Wages and Mazdoor

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Section 7

File notings on the minimum wage issue

Chapter 3 Section 7 File notings on the minimum wage issue Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
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Chapter 3 Section 8 Letter from Government of Rajasthan to the Government of India seeking

Chapter 3

Section 8

Letter from Government of Rajasthan to the Government of India seeking minimum wages for the MGNREGA

to the Government of India seeking minimum wages for the MGNREGA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
to the Government of India seeking minimum wages for the MGNREGA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
to the Government of India seeking minimum wages for the MGNREGA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
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Chapter 3

Section 9

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Chapter 3 Section 10 Emergency recommendations on NREGA wage policy by the CEGC Working Group

Chapter 3

Section 10

Emergency recommendations on NREGA wage policy by the CEGC Working Group on Wages (May 2010)

Dr. B.K. Sinha

Secretary, Rural Development

Krishi Bhawan

New Delhi 110 001

Dear Dr. Sinha,

23 May 2010

Emergency Recommendations on NREGA Wage Policy

The deliberations of the “Working Group on Wages”, formed under the auspices of the Central Employment Guarantee Council, are in full swing, and the working group’s report is being drafted. Meanwhile, the working group unanimously decided (at its first meeting, held in Delhi on 3 May 2010) to make three emergency recommendations. These are:

(A) Indexing of NREGA wages: As you know, paying a real wage of (at least) Rs 100 per day is a long- standing promise of the UPA-2 government. It was made, inter alia, in the Finance Minister’s Budget Speech on 6 July 2009: “We are committed to providing a real wage of Rs 100 a day as an entitlement under the NREGA”. But instead, NREGA wages have effectively been frozen at Rs 100 per day in nominal terms (i.e. without any periodic adjustments for inflation). With prices increasing by leaps and bounds, especially food prices, this freeze is eroding the real value of NREGA wages month after month. The erosion of real wages threatens to undermine the entire programme, and in any case, it is a gross injustice to NREGA workers, all the more so when millions of them are struggling to survive under severe drought conditions.

of them are struggling to survive under severe drought conditions. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
of them are struggling to survive under severe drought conditions. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
Meanwhile, we understand that the Ministry has appointed a “task force” (chaired by Dr. Pronab

Meanwhile, we understand that the Ministry has appointed a “task force” (chaired by Dr. Pronab Sen) to examine the possibility of creating a separate price index for NREGA workers. This is a misguided initiative. As pointed out by several members of the Central Employment Guarantee Council at its last meeting (on 22 February 2010), a suitable price index already exists: the Consumer Price Index for Agricultural Labourers (CPIAL). The working group unanimously felt that this price index is adequate for the purpose of indexing NREGA wages, and that there is no need to devise a separate price index for NREGA workers. Aside from being unnecessary, this would lead to further delays in the process of indexing (an informal communication from Dr. Pronab Sen suggests that it may take up to a year to devise and compute a separate index).

Our considered recommendation is as follows:

(1) NREGA wages should be immediately indexed to the price level, using the Consumer Price Index for Agricultural Labourers (CPIAL), with 1 April 2009 as the “base”, so that the real value of the wage is at least Rs 100 per day at April 2009 prices. As long as NREGA wage rates are set by the Central Government, they should be promptly revised upwards every six months – or at most every twelve months - in line with the CPIAL. (States that had wages notified at more than Rs 100/day at the time of the 1 January 2009 notification should have their wages indexed with their notified wage as a base.)

(B) Compliance with Minimum Wages Act: The working group is also very concerned about the implicit “overriding” of the Minimum Wages Act 1948 involved in switching from Section 6(2) to Section 6(1) of NREGA, as a basis for setting wage rates. The relevant sections of NREGA are as follows:

6.(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, the Central Government may, by notification, specify the wage rate for the purposes of this Act:

Provided that different rates of wages may be specified for different areas:

Provided further that the wage rate specified from time to time under any such notification shall not be at a rate less than sixty rupees per day.

notification shall not be at a rate less than sixty rupees per day. Minimum Wages and
notification shall not be at a rate less than sixty rupees per day. Minimum Wages and
(2) Until such time as a wage rate is fixed by the Central Government in

(2) Until such time as a wage rate is fixed by the Central Government in respect of any area in a State, the minimum wage fixed by the State Government under section 3 of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 for agricultural labourers, shall be considered as the wage rate applicable to that area.

Until January 2009, Section 6(2) was the basis of NREGA policy - state governments were setting minimum wages for NREGA. On 1 January 2009, however, the Central Government issued a notification that effectively “froze” the NREGA wages state-wise. Later, state governments were allowed to raise the NREGA wages up to Rs 100 per day (if it was below that on 1 January 2009). This new policy effectively activates Section 6(1) of the Act, which involves a potential if not actual overriding the Minimum Wages Act. Indeed, it would be illegal for any state governments to pay NREGA workers anything less than the minimum wage for the relevant occupation. And it is the prerogative of state governments (not the Central Government) to set minimum wages. The Central Government’s commitment, for its part, does not go beyond Rs 100 per day. An unacceptable situation is thereby arising where NREGA workers in some states are being paid less than the statutory minimum wage. There is, thus, a potential conflict between the current wage policy and the Minimum Wages Act. This potential conflict needs to be resolved at the earliest, by amending NREGA is need be, but in the meantime, what is of paramount importance is to avoid any actual overriding of the Minimum Wages Act, so that the sanctity of this Act (affirmed by the Supreme Court) is respected. In short, our recommendation is as follows:

(2) NREGA policy must be consistent with the Minimum Wages Act. In no circumstances should this Act be overridden.

(C) Shorter work hours: A third urgent concern is the prolongation of NREGA working hours from “seven hours” (the initial formulation, under Para 8(1) of Schedule I) to “nine hours” (the new formulation, as per notification of 14 January 2008, amending Para 8(1) of Schedule I). Considering the exacting nature of NREGA work, and the fact that many NREGA workers are undernourished, this new provision is unfair and unnecessary, even if the said nine hours including one hour of rest, as was subsequently clarified by the Ministry of Rural Development. We recommend a return to the initial formulation:

(3) Para 8(1) of Schedule I of NREGA (“The Schedule of Rates of wages for various unskilled labourers should be so fixed that an adult person working for nine hours would normally earn a wage equal to the wage rate”) should be amended so that the words “nine hours” are replaced with “seven hours”.

so that the words “nine hours” are replaced with “seven hours”. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
so that the words “nine hours” are replaced with “seven hours”. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
We would be grateful if you would give urgent and positive consideration to these emergency

We would be grateful if you would give urgent and positive consideration to these emergency recommendations.

Yours sincerely,

to these emergency recommendations. Yours sincerely, Jean Drèze (Member, Central Employment Guarantee Council

Jean Drèze

(Member, Central Employment Guarantee Council and Chairperson, Working Group on Wages)

on behalf of the Working Group

and Chairperson, Working Group on Wages) on behalf of the Working Group Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
and Chairperson, Working Group on Wages) on behalf of the Working Group Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
Chapter 3 Section 11 The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976 Minimum Wages and Mazdoor

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Section 11

The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976

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Section 12

NAC Press release on the minimum wage issue

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Chapter 3 Section 13 Letter from Ashok Gehlot, Chief Minister of Rajasthan to Dr. Manmohan

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Section 13

Letter from Ashok Gehlot, Chief Minister of Rajasthan to Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India seeking minimum wages for the MGNREGA

Singh, Prime Minister of India seeking minimum wages for the MGNREGA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
Singh, Prime Minister of India seeking minimum wages for the MGNREGA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
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Section 14

Letter to Dr. C. P. Joshi, Minister for Rural Development, Government of India about his incorrect and false statements in the media

of India about his incorrect and false statements in the media Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
of India about his incorrect and false statements in the media Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
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Chapter 3 Section 15 Letter from K. Rosaiah, Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh to the

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Section 15

Letter from K. Rosaiah, Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh to the Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India seeking minimum wages in the MGNREGA

Singh, Prime Minister of India seeking minimum wages in the MGNREGA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
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Singh, Prime Minister of India seeking minimum wages in the MGNREGA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
Chapter 3 Section 16 Letter from the Sonia Gandhi, Chairperson of the NAC to Dr.

Chapter 3

Section 16

Letter from the Sonia Gandhi, Chairperson of the NAC to Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India seeking minimum wages in the MGNREGA

Singh, Prime Minister of India seeking minimum wages in the MGNREGA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
Singh, Prime Minister of India seeking minimum wages in the MGNREGA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
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Chapter 3 Section 17 Signed agreement with the Government of Rajasthan on the basis of

Chapter 3

Section 17

Signed agreement with the Government of Rajasthan on the basis of which the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha stopped

of Rajasthan on the basis of which the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha stopped Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
of Rajasthan on the basis of which the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha stopped Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
of Rajasthan on the basis of which the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha stopped Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
Chapter 3 Section 18 Part 1: Terms of reference of the People’s Pay Commission Terms

Chapter 3

Section 18

Part 1: Terms of reference of the People’s Pay Commission

Terms of Reference of the People’s Pay Commission

Purpose

On 2 nd October the workers at the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha in Rajasthan decided to form a People’ Pay Commission. This decision comes in light of the present situation where the Minimum Wages Act (1948) has been violated via a Government of India (January 2009) notification which froze minimum wages under MGNREGA at Rs. 100.

Rising prices of basic necessities has adversely affected the poor the most and the Fifth and Sixth Pay commissions have increased the salaries of government servants significantly.

This Commission will be applicable to all skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers. The recommendations of this Commission will be presented to the public for debate, consultation, suggestions and review.

The People’s Pay Commission is being constituted with the purpose of providing a platform for workers to publicly discuss debate and determine the value of a days work especially for those who earn on the basis of physical labour.

Terms of Reference

A. The Peoples Pay Commission will be accountable to the workers.

B. To examine the principles, the date of effect thereof that should govern the structure of pay, allowances and other facilities/benefits whether in cash or in kind to workers in all forms of employment already covered as well as those not covered by the schedule. The Commission will discuss the need for omnibus minimum wage rate for all.

C. To discuss and adopt primary criteria (need based or work based) to decide worth of a day’s wage.

D. To put in place a mechanism that enables workers to decide and review at regular intervals (half-yearly or annually?) the recommendations of this Commission.

E. To make recommendations with respect to the general principles, financial parameters and conditions which should govern payment of wages and the desirability and feasibility of introducing productivity linked wages. Should such criteria be determined and finalised as time-rate/piece-rate payment?

F. To work out comprehensive mechanisms to review how the recommendations of the Commission have affected:

to review how the recommendations of the Commission have affected: Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
to review how the recommendations of the Commission have affected: Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
• pay • conditions • compensations • pensions • employment for informal sector workers in

pay

conditions

compensations

pensions

employment

for informal sector workers in general as well as for workers from different age groups, women, marginalised communities and people with disabilities?

G. To examine the principles which should govern the structure of compensations, pension, death-cum-retirement gratuity, family pension, insurance & other welfare benefits (terminal or recurring) having financial implications to the present and former workers in the categories of employment mentioned in (A).

H. To deliberate whether it will take up the ineffectiveness and dysfunctionality of existing mechanisms within formal institutions like the Labour department, Labour Commissions and labour courts.

I. To examine desirability and the need to fight for any interim relief till the time the recommendations of the Commission are made and accepted by the Government.

General Principles to decide minimum wages

1. Are the “needs based’ formula and the norms laid down by the 15 th Indian Labour

Conference (1957) and the Supreme Court decision in Workmen vs. Management of

Raptakos Brett & Co Ltd. (1992) a good starting point?

- Minimum food requirements

- Clothing requirements

- Cost of living

- Fuels costs

- Children’s education

- Medical requirement

- Minimum recreation including festivals/ceremonies

- Provision for old age

- Marriages

2. Since the “needs based” formula from the 15 th Labour Conference (1957) mention linking

minimum wages to cost of living, should minimum wage be linked to Consumer Price Index

(CPI)?

3. Based on the norms laid down in the 1992 Supreme Court decision in Workmen vs.

Management of Raptakos Brett & Co Ltd. mention cost of children’s education, healthcare, old age pension should amount to 25 percent of minimum wage, how should workers be provided old age pensions, provident fund and access to free healthcare, children’s education

and provident fund benefits?

4. Should more than 7 day delay in wage payments be accompanied by an effective

mechanism for compensation payment with interest for each day of delay? Should these

compensation payment with interest for each day of delay? Should these Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
compensation payment with interest for each day of delay? Should these Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
mechanisms be drafted after revisiting older laws and legal frameworks such as the Payment of

mechanisms be drafted after revisiting older laws and legal frameworks such as the Payment of Wages Act?

Composition

The Commission is being constituted with an interim working and an advisory group. The members of the People’s Pay Commission will comprise of unskilled, semi-skilled and skilled persons, farmers and eminent people from public life, including academics, economists, journalists, lawyers, jurists, retired civil servants, trade unionists, social activists, industrialists and others.

Procedures

1. The Commission will discuss and adopt procedure suggested here and may appoint such advisers, institutional partners, as it may consider necessary. It may request for information and support for its final formulation/recommendations, as it may consider necessary from partners and advisers.

2. The Commission will have its headquarters in Jaipur. It will also have a website on which all information including memos, minutes of meetings, documents and material related to the deliberations and decisions of the Commission.

3. The Commission will have a full time Secretary who will interact with the commissions working group members and advisory group. For an interim period of 6 months Ruchi Gupta’s name is being proposed for consideration.

4. The Commission, in its first meeting, held on 17 th November will first finalise this draft Terms of Reference and deliberate over an interim work-plan.

5. The interim work-plan will detail the mechanisms for implementation and enforcement of its recommendations.

6. For all its major recommendations, pronouncements the Commission will prepare an exploratory Green Paper, which outlines the broad objectives in order to stimulate a public debate.

A Green Paper must be followed by a White Paper, with concrete proposals by the Commission specifying the direction it wants to proceed in.

All recommendations and suggestions of the Commission must be must be placed in the public domain one month prior to an open public consultation before arriving at a conclusion.

All Green and White Papers and draft recommendations/ suggestions should be placed on a dedicated website so that they are easily accessible (in English and Hindi as well as other languages), without being drowned by other information.

All Green and White Papers and draft recommendations/suggestions must also specify the name and contact details of the person responsible for receiving comments and suggestions from the public and from stakeholders.

comments and suggestions from the public and from stakeholders. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page
comments and suggestions from the public and from stakeholders. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page
• the recommendations/suggestions of the Commission must themselves be publicly available. All the comments and

the

recommendations/suggestions of the Commission must themselves be publicly

available.

All

the

comments

and

suggestions

received

on

7. The Commission will make its recommendations within 24 months of the date of its constitution. It may consider, if necessary, sending reports on any of the matters as and when the recommendations are finalised.

on any of the matters as and when the recommendations are finalised. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
on any of the matters as and when the recommendations are finalised. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
Chapter 3 Section 19 Part 2: A note on the People’s Pay Commission … when

Chapter 3

Section 19

Part 2: A note on the People’s Pay Commission

when a person provides labour or service to another against receipt of remuneration, which is less than the minimum wage, he is acting under the force of some compulsion which drives him to work though he is paid less than what he is entitled under law to receive… What Article 23 prohibits is 'forced labour' that is labour or service which a person is forced to provide and 'force' which would make such labour or service 'forced labour' may arise in several ways …There is no reason why the word 'forced' should be read in a narrow and restricted manner so as to be confined only to physical or legal 'force' particularly when the national charter, its fundamental document has promised to build a new socialist republic where there will be socioeconomic justice for all and every one shall have the right to work, to education and to adequate means of livelihood…

- People’s Union for Democratic Rights Vs. Union of India (1982)

Jaipur, 2 nd October 2010

The People of Rajasthan decided to form a People’ Pay Commission on 2 nd October 2010. This decision comes in light of the present situation where the Minimum Wages Act (1948) has been violated while the rising prices of basic necessities has adversely affected the poor the most and the Fifth and Sixth Pay commissions have increased the salaries of government servants significantly. This Commission will be applicable to all workers, skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers. The recommendations of this Commission will be presented to the public for debate, consultation, suggestions and review.

Statement of reason

for debate, consultation, suggestions and review. Statement of reason Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page
for debate, consultation, suggestions and review. Statement of reason Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page
1. The Constitution of India guarantees all citizens of India a right to life of

1. The Constitution of India guarantees all citizens of India a right to life of dignity and equality. A life

of dignity means ability to access adequate food and nutrition, basic health care, housing and shelter, children’s education, clean environment, old age benefits and all other benefits deemed necessary for human beings. All these are possible when adequate work/employment opportunities are made available. Any employment enables the worker to earn appropriate wage to provide for

his/her family if wages earned are above a certain threshold, which is what the minimum wage is supposed to be.

.

2.

The Minimum Wages Act (1948) established powers of the Government of India to fix minimum

wages. The Act holds that minimum wages should be revised at intervals not exceeding 5 years.

The 15 th Indian Labour Conference (1957) put forward a “needs based” formula for fixing minimum wage that would take into consideration the following components:

- Minimum food requirements

- Clothing requirements

- Cost of living

- Fuels costs

These recommendations were made binding by the Supreme Court in the case of Unnichoyi vs. State

of Kerala (1961)

In the case of Workmen vs. Management of Raptakos Brett & Co Ltd. (1992) the Supreme Court held that the following components should be added to the “needs based” formula put forward by the 15 th Indian Labour Conference (1957):

- Children’s education

- Medical requirement

- Minimum recreation including festivals/ceremonies

- Provision for old age

- Marriages

These should amount to twenty five percent of the total minimum wage.

3. After independence all the needs of the organized sector workforce have been ensured and

regularly improved upon. Every ten years the government of India constitutes a Pay Commission whose recommendations are duly implemented. Other than serving as a regular mechanism to revise salaries of all public officials/employees and linking the revisions to the consumer price index, the Pay Commission also looks into the provision of pensions for this particular segment. The workforce whose salaries and benefits are decided by Pay Commissions is the same as the pool from

which members of these Commissions are drawn.

the same as the pool from which members of these Commissions are drawn. Minimum Wages and
the same as the pool from which members of these Commissions are drawn. Minimum Wages and
4. Similarly, Members of Parliament (MPs) at the centre and Members of Legislative Assemblies (MLAs)

4. Similarly, Members of Parliament (MPs) at the centre and Members of Legislative Assemblies

(MLAs) in the states can on their own discuss and approve revisions and increases to their salaries and other benefits. Judges too can revise and increase their salaries trough a simple passing of an order. The only segment of the employed population that does not have a mechanism or platform to look into matters related to their wages is the unorganized labour force. This labour force has been systematically exploited, marginalized and its interests have been systematically ignored for several years in spite of existing legal frameworks and obligations.

5. Such an unequal approach towards the workers in the unorganized labour force who are

burdened by poverty, drought and unemployment was questioned almost 35 years ago in Rajasthan when workers working on Famine Relief Works took up the issue of non payment of minimum

wages. Women workers on these worksites organized a protest demanding payment of minimum wages.

6. Eighteen years since the Workmen vs. Management of Raptakos Brett & Co Ltd decision of the

Supreme Court that laid down what should be the minimum wage as per standards laid down by law and the Courts there has been no significant increase in minimum wages for the unorganized sector. In the current situation of rising prices of basic necessities the unorganized labour force often

continues to receive wages below the minimum wage stipulated by the state government.

7. The minimum wage in Rajasthan has been stagnant at Rs. 100 per day for the last 4 years. In a

situation in which minimum wage laws are rarely enforced especially in the unorganized sector, the

only way to ensure regular increase in wages is to increase wages under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), which will effectively push up the wages outside of the MGNREGA as well. One of the greatest successes of the MGNREGA is that, even in geographical areas where implementation has been poor, it has managed to give workers bargaining power to fight for minimum wages.

8. The Government of Rajasthan announced a thirty five percent increase in minimum wages but did

not extend the same to the MGNREGA. The index for ‘Food Articles’ rose to 179.0 in September 2010 from a base of 100 fixed in 2004 - 05. At a time when inflation in staple food items has increased by about eighty percent the Government of India fixed the wage rate at Rs. 100 thereby pushing the minimum wage in many states below the official minimum wage of the state. As a result State Governments with minimum wage rates exceeding Rs 100 (AP Rs. 112- 162, Goa Rs. 157, Jharkhand Rs. 144, Karnataka Rs. 120, Punjab Rs. 137, MP Rs 114, HP Rs. 110, and Maharashtra Rs. 144-160) have been restrained and have not been able to pay workers under MGNREGA.

been restrained and have not been able to pay workers under MGNREGA. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
been restrained and have not been able to pay workers under MGNREGA. Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
9. While the Government of India through its Sixth Pay Commission substantially increased the salaries

9. While the Government of India through its Sixth Pay Commission substantially increased the

salaries of public officials to reflect the rising costs/inflation, it refuses to create mechanisms to adjust the MGNREGA wages to similar standards. At a time when the real wages of workers are decreasing everywhere in India it is imperative that the minimum wage both inside and outside the MGNREGA be regularly adjusted to reflect increasing cost of living and basic necessities.

General Principles to decide minimum wages

As a result this Commission puts forward the following General Principles on Minimum Wage for public debate:

1. Are the “needs based’ formula and the norms laid down by the 15 th Indian Labour Conference (1957) and the Supreme Court decision in Workmen vs. Management of Raptakos Brett & Co Ltd. (1992) good:

- Minimum food requirements

- Clothing requirements

- Cost of living

- Fuels costs

- Children’s education

- Medical requirement

- Minimum recreation including festivals/ceremonies

- Provision for old age

- Marriages

2. Since the “needs based” formula from the 15 th Labour Conference (1957) mention linking

minimum wages to cost of living, should minimum wage be linked to Consumer Price Index (CPI)?

3. Since the norms laid down in the 1992 Supreme Court decision mention cost of children’s

education, healthcare, old age pension should amount to 25 percent of minimum wage, should workers be provided old age pensions, provident fund and access to free healthcare, children’s

education and provident fund benefits?

4. Should more than 15 day delay in wage payments be accompanied by a mechanism for

compensation payment with interest for each day of delay?

mechanism for compensation payment with interest for each day of delay? Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
mechanism for compensation payment with interest for each day of delay? Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
Chapter 3 Section 20 Part 3: Some issues for the consideration of the People’s Pay

Chapter 3

Section 20

Part 3: Some issues for the consideration of the People’s Pay Commission

3: Some issues for the consideration of the People’s Pay Commission Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
3: Some issues for the consideration of the People’s Pay Commission Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
3: Some issues for the consideration of the People’s Pay Commission Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 91
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 91
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 91
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 91
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 91
Chapter 4 Articles of note from the media coverage of the issue Section 1 On

Chapter 4

Articles of note from the media coverage of the issue

Section 1

On guarantees anymore, 3 rd October 2010, The Hindu

Section 1 On guarantees anymore, 3 r d October 2010, The Hindu Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
Section 1 On guarantees anymore, 3 r d October 2010, The Hindu Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
Section 1 On guarantees anymore, 3 r d October 2010, The Hindu Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 93
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 93
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 93
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 93
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 94
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 94
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 94
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 94
Chapter 4 Section 2 The wages of discontent, 23 r d October 2010, The Hindu

Chapter 4

Section 2

The wages of discontent, 23 rd October 2010, The Hindu

Section 2 The wages of discontent, 23 r d October 2010, The Hindu Minimum Wages and
Section 2 The wages of discontent, 23 r d October 2010, The Hindu Minimum Wages and
Section 2 The wages of discontent, 23 r d October 2010, The Hindu Minimum Wages and
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 96
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 96
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 96
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 96
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 97
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 97
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 97
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 97
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 98
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 98
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 98
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 98
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 98
Chapter 5 Letters written to the Government of Rajasthan during the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Section

Chapter 5

Letters written to the Government of Rajasthan during the Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha

Section 1

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eq[;ea=h]

jktLFkku ljdkj

t;iqj

fo"k; % xzke xqnfy;k] iapk;r lfefr&mfu;kjk] ftyk&Vksda #i, dh etnwjh ij ftyk iz’kklu }kjk leFkZu ds Øe esa A

egksn;]

fnukad % 12 vDVqcj 10

esa etnwjksa dks nh xbZ ,d

mijksDr fo"k; esa ge vR;ar LrC/k gaS fd Vksad ftys ds xqnfy;k xkao esa ,d,d,d,d #i,#i,#i,#i, dh etnwjh dks ftyk iz’kklu ,oa jkT; ljdkj dk leFkZu fey jgk gSA ge bl ekeys eas dbZ ckj vki dks i= }kjk voxr djk pqds gSaA

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gSA 'kk;n blfy;s fd oks dsoy etnwjksa dks nks"kh eku jgh gSA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
gSA 'kk;n blfy;s fd oks dsoy etnwjksa dks nks"kh eku jgh gSA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
ftl ,bZ,u us ,d :i;s vkSj 1]7]12]19 :i;s dh etnwjh vafdr dh gS oks [kqn

ftl ,bZ,u us ,d :i;s vkSj 1]7]12]19 :i;s dh etnwjh vafdr dh gS oks [kqn c;ku nsrk gS fd tc og fnukad& 19]05]2010 dks ekSds ij x;k rc 150 yksxksa esa ls 69 etnwj gh dke ij FksA eLVjjksy es vuqifLFkfr ds vykok 44 etnwjksa ds uke QthZ ntZ FksA loky ;g mBrk gS fd tc ,bZ,u ekSds ij igqaps rks mUgksaus bu 44 QthZ uke ntZ gksus ij rqjar gh dkuwuh dk;Zokgh D;ksa ugha dh vkSj mu 44 etnwjksa dh vuqifLFkfr ntZ dj vius nLr[kr D;ksa ugha fd;sA

blls Li"V gksrk gS fd uirh ds iwjs ekeys esa esV vkSj ,bZ,u dh feyhHkxr FkhA vkSj blds ckn okys i[kokM+sa esa Hkh 7] 14 ,oa 19 dk gh vkSlr jsV fn;k gSA tks esgurd’k etnwjksa ds lkFk vU;k; gSA

D;ksa lacaf/kr ,bZ,u ds f[kykQ dk;Zokgh ugha gqbZ tks iz’kklu dh gh fjiksVZ ls nks"kh lkfcr gks jgk gSA lkFk esa blls cM+k vU;k; D;k gks ldrk gS fd tks etnwj dke ij vk;s vkSj dke fd;k mUgsa Hkh viuh esgur dh etnwjh ugha fn;k tk jgk gS vkSj mudks nwljksa dh deh dk [kkfe;ktk Hkqxruk iM+ jgk gSA ;g VkLd ost ds uke ij ,d lkft’k gS vkSj vki Hkh ekusxsa fd bls fdlh lwjr esa Lohdkjk ugha tkuk pkfg;sA

vxj bl ij mfpr dk;Zokgh ugha gqbZ vkSj dke djus okys etnwjksa dks viuh iwjh etnwjh ugha feyh& vkSj lkFk&lkFk nks"kh ljdkjh deZpkfj;ksa ij dk;Zokgh ugha djsa rks fu%f’pr gh ,slk ekuk tk;sxk fd ljdkj o ftyk iz’kklu ,sls yksxksa dks leFkZu ns jgh gS tks dkuwu dk mYa?ku rks dj gh jgs gS lkFk gh xjhc etnwjksa dk 'kks"k.k Hkh djrs gSA

fuEu fyf[kr fcUnqvksa ij ge mEehn djrs gSa fd gesa budk tckc fn;k tk,xkA

fnukad 31-8-2010 dks vf/k’kklh vfHk;ark Vksad dh v/;{krk esa eqY;kadu fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj bl dk;Z esa 4]80]472 #- dh ekiiqfLrdk Hkjk x;k gS tcfd ek= 60]810#- dk dke ekik x;k gSA bldk vFkZ gS fd 'ks"k jkf’k dh QthZ ,e-ch- Hkjh xbZA ml ,e-ch- ij ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- vkt rd D;ksa ugha ntZ gqbZA

ftu baftfu;jksa us bl izdkj dh QthZ ,e-ch- Hkjh muls bl jkf’k dks fjdoj djus dh D;k izfØ;k pykbZ tk jgh gSA

Hkjh muls bl jkf’k dks fjdoj djus dh D;k izfØ;k pykbZ tk jgh gSA Minimum Wages
Hkjh muls bl jkf’k dks fjdoj djus dh D;k izfØ;k pykbZ tk jgh gSA Minimum Wages
• bu QthZ ,e-ch- ds vk/kkj ij dSls dgk tk ldrk gS fd fdl i[kokM+s

bu QthZ ,e-ch- ds vk/kkj ij dSls dgk tk ldrk gS fd fdl i[kokM+s esa fdl etnwj us fdruk dke fd;k \ vr% fdl vk/kkj ij ;g ckr dgh tk jgh gS fd lkjs 99 etnwjksa us ,d&,d #i, izfrfnu dk dke fd;kA

Vksad ftyk dyDVj dks viuh fjiksVZ fy[kus ds le; ;g D;ksa ugha yxk fd ftu baftfu;jksa us QthZ ,e-ch- Hkjh Fkh muds f[kykQ dk;Zokgh djsa \

dke esa deh gksus ds ckotwn ;s fdlh Hkh lwjr esa U;k;ksfpr ugha gks ldrk gS fd eki ds vuqlkj Hkqxrku gks vkSj gj etnwj dk eki cjkcj ekuk tk ldsA ,bZ,u dh ekSf[kd fjiksVZ rFkk c;ku ls vkSj Hkh Li"V gqvk gS fd dqN yksxksa us rks dke gh ugha fd vkSj dqN us dke fd;kA fdlh Hkh txg Hkqxrku eas ,d O;fDr dh deh dks nwljs O;fDr ds mij ugha Mkyk tk ldrk gSA ;fn ,slh O;oLFkk djuh gS rks ge pkgrs gSa fd ljdkj Vkbe jsV ls gh Hkqxrku djsA lkFk&lkFk ge TkkWc pkVZ vkSj isusYVh dh O;oLFkk ljdkjh n¶rjksa esa Hkh pkgrs gSA

dke ukiuk rFkk dke djkus dh ftEesnkjh dk;Zdkjh ,tlhsa dh gksrh gSA tc ihl jsV dk vk/kkj gh vyx&vyx uirh vkSj vyx&vyx nke nuks gS] rks lc etnwjksa dks vkSlr etnwjh nsuk ljklj xyr gS vkSj bls ihl jsV ugha ekuk tk ldrk gSA lEcfU/kr dk;ksZa esa ,d ugha pkj i[kokM+ksa rd vkSlre Hkqxrku gh gksrk jgkA bl xaHkhj deh ds fy, dk;Zdkjh ,tsalh dh ftEesnkjh gS fd bu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa Vkbe jsV etnwjh gh nh tkuh pkfg,A

;fn ihl jsV dh lgh uirh vkSj Hkqxrku dh O;oLFkk ugha cSB ldrh gS rks ge pkgrs gSa fd leLr ujsxk dk;ksZa esa Vkbe jsV ls iSeasV gks vkSj ljdkj iwjk dk;Z djokus dh ftEesnkjh ysaA

ge vHkh Hkh bl ekeys lfgr U;wure etnwjh lEcfU/kr dbZ ekeyksa esa /kjus eas cSBsa gS ,oa U;k; feyus rd gekjk lR;kxzg tkjh jgsxkA

Hkonh;

vfHk;ku dh vksj ls

,oa U;k; feyus rd gekjk lR;kxzg tkjh jgsxkA Hkonh; vfHk;ku dh vksj ls Minimum Wages and
,oa U;k; feyus rd gekjk lR;kxzg tkjh jgsxkA Hkonh; vfHk;ku dh vksj ls Minimum Wages and
Chapter 5 Section 2 Jheku~ v'kksd xgyksr eq[;ea=h] jktLFkku ljdkj t;iqj fnukad % 12-10-10 fo"k;

Chapter 5

Section 2

Jheku~ v'kksd xgyksr

eq[;ea=h]

jktLFkku ljdkj

t;iqj

fnukad % 12-10-10

fo"k; % jktLFkku esa egkujsxk ds etnwjksa dks U;wure etnwjh nsus ds Øe esaA

egksn;]

tSlk fd vki dks Kkr gS fd ge fiNys nl fnuksa ls ujxks etnwjksa dh U;wure etnwjh ds gd ds fy, lR;kxzg djrs vk jgs gSaA tc ge vkils feys Fks rks vkius gesa voxr djk;k Fkk fd vki dk lksp gS fd egkujsxk ds etnwjksa dks U;wure etnwjh feyuh gh pkfg,] ysfdu budh etnwjh dsUnzh; ljdkj ls vkuh pkfg,A

ijUrq tc ge izeq[k 'kklu lfpo ,oa xzkeh.k fodkl foHkkx ds vU; vf/kdkfj;kas ls feys rks gesa vk’p;Z gqvk fd jkT; ljdkj us dsUnzh; ljdkj dks dksbZ vkxzg ugha Hkstk gSA bl i= ds lkFk ge dsUnz ljdkj ds dqN nLrkostksa dks is’k dj jgs gSa ftlesa dsUnzh; xzkeh.k fodkl ea=ky; Hkkjr ljdkj ds vf/kdkfj;ksa dk ekuuk gS fd MGNREGA ds dk;kZs esa U;wure etnwjh nsuk vfuok;Z gSSA ysfdu 100 #- ds Åij dh jkf’k jkT; ljdkj dks gh nsuh iM+sxhA

gSSA ysfdu 100 #- ds Åij dh jkf’k jkT; ljdkj dks gh nsuh iM+sxhA Minimum Wages
gSSA ysfdu 100 #- ds Åij dh jkf’k jkT; ljdkj dks gh nsuh iM+sxhA Minimum Wages
14141414 vxLrvxLrvxLrvxLr 2009200920092009 dkdkdkdkssss xzkeh.kxzkeh.kxzkeh.kxzkeh.k fodfodklfodfodklklkl

14141414 vxLrvxLrvxLrvxLr 2009200920092009 dkdkdkdkssss xzkeh.kxzkeh.kxzkeh.kxzkeh.k fodfodklfodfodklklkl eeeea=ky;a=ky;a=ky;a=ky; dhdhdhdh ,d,d,d,d ccccSBdSBdSBdSBd eeeesasasaas HkkjrHkkjrHkkjrHkkjr ljdkjljdkjljdkjljdkj ddddssss yscjyscjyscjyscj fMikVfMikVfMikVfMikVZeZeZeZesUVsUVsUVsUV uuuussss dgkdgkdgkdgk gSgSgSgS fdfdfdfd dghdghdghdghaaaa HkhHkhHkhHkh U;U;U;U;wurewurewurewure etnetnetnetnwjhwjhwjhwjh llllssss dededede fdlhfdlhfdlhfdlh HkhHkhHkhHkh llllwjrwjrwjrwjr eeeeaassasas ughughughughaaaa fn;kfn;kfn;kfn;k tkuktkuktkuktkuk pkfg;pkfg;pkfg;pkfg;sAsAsAsA dededede nnnnsuksuksuksuk llllafo/kkuafo/kkuafo/kkuafo/kku dkdkdkdk mYmYmYmYa?kua?kua?kua?ku ggggSASASASA

gks ldrk gS fd jkT; ljdkj dsUnz ds bl rdZ ls lger gS fd U;wure etnwjh rks nsuh gh iM+sxh ysfdu ujsxk esa 100 :i;s ls Åij dk fgLlk jkT; ljdkj ogu djsxhA blfy, dsUnzh; ljdkj dks i= ugha Hkst jgh gSA

blds vykok ,d gh fodYi jgrk gS fd jkT; ljdkj vius vki dks U;wure etnwjh dkuwu ls ijs ekurh gS vkSj jkT; esa U;wure etnwjh dkuwu dk mYa?ku u dsoy gksus nsxh cfYd Lo;a gh djsxhA ,slh ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa ge pkgrs gS fd jkT; ljdkj Li"V djsa fd ljdkj dk ekuuk gS fd jkT; esa etnwjksa dks U;wure etnwjh dk gd ugha gSA

bu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa jktLFkku ds etnwj rks U;wure etnwjh ekaxus jkT; ljdkj ds ikl vk,axsA ;fn mUgsa U;wure etnwjh ls de fn;k tk,xk rks oks jkT; ljdkj }kjk U;wure etnwjh dkuwu dk mYya?ku gksxkA ge Li"V :i ls dguk pkgrs gSa fd fdlh Hkh dk;Z esa U;wure etnwjh ls de nsuk valoS/kkfud gS vkSj ekuovf/kdkjksa dk mYya?ku gSA U;wure etnwjh ls de etnwjh nsuk fdlh Hkh lwjr esa Lohdk;Z ugha gS vkSj bl otg ls gekjk lR;kxzg tkjh jgsxkA

llllayXu&ayXu&ayXu&ayXu&

U;wure etnwjh ds eq}s ij Hkkjr ljdkj dh Qkby uksfVxa ¼,fM’kuy lsØsVjh ,oa Qkbusaf'k;y ,Mokbtj& vjfoUnvjfoUnvjfoUnvjfoUn ek;kjkeek;kjke½ek;kjkeek;kjke

lR;sUnz dqekj flag & Mk;jsDVj egkRek xka/kh ujsxk] dks vkU/kzizns'k ljdkj dh fpB~Bh

Hkonh;

vfHk;ku dh vksj ls

ujsxk] dks vkU/kzizns'k ljdkj dh fpB~Bh Hkonh; vfHk;ku dh vksj ls Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
ujsxk] dks vkU/kzizns'k ljdkj dh fpB~Bh Hkonh; vfHk;ku dh vksj ls Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
Chapter 5 Section 3 Jheku~ v’kksd xgyksr eq[;ea=h jktLFkku ljdkj t;iqj fnukad % 14-10-10 fo"k;

Chapter 5

Section 3

Jheku~ v’kksd xgyksr

eq[;ea=h

jktLFkku ljdkj

t;iqj

fnukad % 14-10-10

fo"k; % egkREkk xak/kh jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k jkstxkj xkj.Vh dkuwu esa etnwjksa dks nsjh ls Hkqxrku djus ij eqvkotk nsus ds Øe esa ljdkj ds }kjk vkns’k fudkyus ckcr~

egksn;]

mijksDr fo"k; esa fuosnu gS fd egkREkk xak/kh jk"Vªh; xzkeh.k jkstxkj xkj.Vh dkuwu ds 'ksM~;wy II /kkjk 30 ds rgr~ ;fn fdlh Hkh etnwj dks 15 fnu ds ckn Hkqxrku feys rks mUgsa etnwjh Hkqxrku vf/kfu;e 1936 ds rgr~ Hkqxrku fn;k tkuk pkfg,A bl dkuwu dh /kkjk 15¼3½ ds rgr~ gj etnwj dks de ls de 1500 #- vkSj vf/kdre 3000 #- dk eqvkotk fn;k tkus ,oa ;fn ;g dk;Zokgh gksrs le; etnwjh pqdkbZ x;h gS rks vf/kdre eqvkotk 2000 #- nsus dk izko/kku gSA

jktLFkku ljdkj dks fdlh u fdlh izkf/kdj.k dks fpfUgr djuk iM+sxk tks bu ekeyksa dh lquokbZ djds fuiVk;sA

dks fpfUgr djuk iM+sxk tks bu ekeyksa dh lquokbZ djds fuiVk;sA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
dks fpfUgr djuk iM+sxk tks bu ekeyksa dh lquokbZ djds fuiVk;sA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
bl vf/kfu;e ds rgr~ fpfUgr izkf/kdj.k dks 3 ekg ds vUnj lquokbZ djds ekeyk fuiVkuk

bl vf/kfu;e ds rgr~ fpfUgr izkf/kdj.k dks 3 ekg ds vUnj lquokbZ djds ekeyk fuiVkuk iM+sxkA

tSls dh geus vkils 4 vDVwcj dh okrkZ esa crk;k] ;g izfØ;k >kj[kaM esa gks pqdh gSA >kj[kaM esa jk"Vªifr 'kklu ds nkSjku jkT;iky ds dk;kZy; ls fudys vkns’k ¼4 twu 2009½ ds rgr~ ;g izfØ;k izkjaHk gqbZA bl dk;kZy; vkns’k esa Je foHkkx dks bu ekeyksa dh lquokbZ djus ds funsZ’k fn,A [kwaVh ftys esa blds rgr~ ntZ fd, x, izFke izdj.k esa 174 ujsxk etnwjksa dks 2000 #- izfr O;fDr eqvkotk fn;k x;kA bldh dqy jkf’k 3]48]000 #- cuhA blds lkFk&lkFk ujsxk dkuwu ds /kkjk 25 ds rgr~ lacaf/kr vf/kdkfj;ksa ,oa deZpkfj;ksa ij 1000&1000 #- dk tqekZuk Hkh yxk;k x;kA

bldh otg ls iwjs jkT; esa nsjh ls gks jgs Hkqxrku esa dkQh lq/kkj gqvk vkSj lgh le; ij Hkqxrku gksus yx x;kA

vkt blh /kjus esa dbZ mnkgj.k lkeus vk, tgka vHkh Hkh lSdM+ksa etnwjksa dks rhu&pkj efguksa ls viuk Hkqxrku ugha feykA dqN ,sls Hkh mnkgj.k gS tgka etnwjksa dks ,d ls nks lky rd Hkqxrku ugha gqvk gSA lacaf/kr izi= layXu gSA

blh jkT; esa gekjh tkudkjh esa nks mnkgj.k ¼HkhyokM+k ,oa Hkjriqj½ gS tgka ij Hkqxrku esa foyEc gksus ds dkj.k etnwjksa dks C;kt lfgr Hkqxrku fd;k x;k rFkk nks"kh vf/kdkfj;ksa@deZpkfj;ksa ls ;g jkf’k olwyh xbZ tks Hkqxrku O;oLFkk lq/kkjus dh fn’kk eas ,d ljkguh; dne gSA gekjk vkils fuosnu gS fd blh izdkj dh O;oLFkk gj ftys esa dh tk, tgka ftyk vf/kdkjh vius Lrj ij bl O;oLFkk dks lqfuf’pr dj ldsA

ge vkils vuqjks/k vkSj fuosnu djrs gSa fd vki xzkeh.k fodkl foHkkx ,oa Je foHkkx dks funsZf’kr djsa fd os >kj[kaM dh rtZ ij etnwjksa dks nsjh ls Hkqxrku dk eqvkotk fnykus dh O;oLFkk cSBk,A jkstxkj xkj.Vh dkuwu dks ykxw gq, ikap lky gksus okys gSaA

cSBk,A jkstxkj xkj.Vh dkuwu dks ykxw gq, ikap lky gksus okys gSaA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
cSBk,A jkstxkj xkj.Vh dkuwu dks ykxw gq, ikap lky gksus okys gSaA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
ge dbZ fnuksa ls ;s ekax djrs vk jgs gSaA gekjk fuosnu gS fd blesa

ge dbZ fnuksa ls ;s ekax djrs vk jgs gSaA gekjk fuosnu gS fd blesa vkSj foyEc ugha gks vkSj jkstxkj xkj.Vh dkuwu ds izko/kkuksa dh ikyuk rqjar lqfuf’pr dh tk,A bldks djus ls gesa ;g Hkh fo’okl gS fd izns’k esa txg&txg ij Hkqxrku esa gks jgs foyEc eas lq/kkj gksxk vkSj xjhc etnwjksa dks viuh etnwjh dk iSlk Hkh le; ij feysxkA

gekjk iwjk fo’okl

foHkkx@vf/kdkfj;ksa dks funsZ’k tkjh djsaxs ftlls ujsxk etnwjksa dks muds gd fey

ldsaA

rqjar dk;Zokgh djds lacaf/kr

gS

fd

mDr

eqn~nksa ij

vki

Hkonh;

v#.kk jkW;

vkj-Mh-O;kl

fjpk vkSfnP;

fuf[ky Ms

lwpuk ,oa jkstxkj dk vf/kdkj vfHk;ku

fjpk vkSfnP; fuf[ky Ms lwpuk ,oa jkstxkj dk vf/kdkj vfHk;ku Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
fjpk vkSfnP; fuf[ky Ms lwpuk ,oa jkstxkj dk vf/kdkj vfHk;ku Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
Chapter 5 Section 4 Jh eku fnukad& 18-10-10 Hkjr flag th ea=h] iapk;r jkt ,oa

Chapter 5

Section 4

Jh eku

fnukad& 18-10-10

Hkjr flag th

ea=h] iapk;r jkt ,oa xzkeh.k fodkl foHkkx

jktLFkku ljdkj

egksn;]

bl i= ds lkFk ge vkidks ujsxk ds rgr etnwjksa ds 10 gdksa dh okLrfodrk ds rF; iw.kZ vkadMs lkSai jgs gSA blesa eq[; :i ls nsjh ls Hkqxrku dh leL;k o`gn :i esa fudydj vkbZ gSA

ge pkgrs gS fd bu leL;kvksa ij xaHkhjrk ls fopkj gks vkSj nsjh ls Hkqxrku ij lacaf/kr etnwjksa dks rqjar gh fu;ekuqlkj C;kt@eqvkotk fn;k tk;sA

/kU;okn

dks rqjar gh fu;ekuqlkj C;kt@eqvkotk fn;k tk;sA /kU;okn v:.kk jkW; fuf[ky Ms _pk vkj-Mh- O;kl Hkonh;

v:.kk jkW;

gh fu;ekuqlkj C;kt@eqvkotk fn;k tk;sA /kU;okn v:.kk jkW; fuf[ky Ms _pk vkj-Mh- O;kl Hkonh; j.ks qdk

fuf[ky Ms

_pk

vkj-Mh- O;kl

Hkonh;

tk;sA /kU;okn v:.kk jkW; fuf[ky Ms _pk vkj-Mh- O;kl Hkonh; j.ks qdk ikespk Minimum Wages and

j.ks qdk ikespk

/kU;okn v:.kk jkW; fuf[ky Ms _pk vkj-Mh- O;kl Hkonh; j.ks qdk ikespk Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
/kU;okn v:.kk jkW; fuf[ky Ms _pk vkj-Mh- O;kl Hkonh; j.ks qdk ikespk Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
Chapter 5 Section 5 Jheku~ eq[; lfpo egksn;] jktLFkku ljdkj] t;iqj ¼jkt-½ fnukad % 27-10-10
Chapter 5 Section 5 Jheku~ eq[; lfpo egksn;] jktLFkku ljdkj] t;iqj ¼jkt-½ fnukad % 27-10-10

Chapter 5

Section 5

Jheku~ eq[; lfpo egksn;]

jktLFkku ljdkj]

t;iqj ¼jkt-½

fnukad % 27-10-10

fo"k; %& ca/kqvk etnwjh ls eqDr djus rFkk jkstxkj xkj.Vh ds gd lqfuf’pr djokus ckcr~~A

egksn;]

mijksDr fo"k; esa fuosnu gS fd u;kiqjk ¼vdysjk½ rglhy&fd’kuxat] ftyk&ckjka ls izdk’k] lhrkjke] ey[kku rFkk lksuk ckbZ lgfj;k us t;iqj esa LVswP; lfdZy ij py jgs *etnwj gd lR;kxzg* esa 26 vDVwcj 2010 dks vkdj crk;k fd muds ikl u rks jk’ku dkMZ gS vkSj u gh tkWcdkMZ cus gq;s gSA ;g ifjokj dbZ o"kksZa ls {ks= ds ncax fdlkuksa ds ;gk¡ ca/kqvk etnwjh djus ds fy;s vfHk’kIr gSA egksn; gekjh ekax gS fd mijksDr lHkh ca/kqvk etnwjksa dks ca/kqvk etnwjh ls eqfDr fnykbZ tk;s rFkk ca/kqvk Je djok jgs yksxksa ds fo:) ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ dj dM+h dk;Zokgh dh tk;sA

xkj.Vh ds lHkh 10 gdkas

dks lqfuf’pr djus dh ckj&ckj ekax dh gS] D;ksafd gekjk ekuuk gS fd vxj lcdks

Jheku] lwpuk vkSj jkstxkj dk vf/kdkj vfHk;ku us jktxkjs

fd vxj lcdks Jheku] lwpuk vkSj jkstxkj dk vf/kdkj vfHk;ku us jktxkjs Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
fd vxj lcdks Jheku] lwpuk vkSj jkstxkj dk vf/kdkj vfHk;ku us jktxkjs Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
tkWcdkMZ feys rFkk ekaxus ij dke fn;k tk;s rks ca/kqvk etnwjh ij Lor% gh ikcanh

tkWcdkMZ feys rFkk ekaxus ij dke fn;k tk;s rks ca/kqvk etnwjh ij Lor% gh ikcanh yx ldrh gSA vr% vki jkT; esa jkstxkj xkj.Vh dkuwu ds lHkh 10 gdksa dh ikyuk lqfuf’pr djkosa rFkk u;kiqjk ¼vdysjk½ ds mijksDr of.kZr yksxksa dks ca/kqvk etnwjkas ls eqDr djkosaA

layXu %

dk;Zokgh dh vis{kk lfgr]

lknj A

1- izdk’k] lhrkjke] ey[kku rFkk lksuk ckbZ lgfj;k dk i=

izfrfyfi %

Hkonh;

1- izeq[k 'kklu lfpo] Je ea=ky;] jktLFkku ljdkj] t;iqj

% Hkonh; 1- izeq[k 'kklu lfpo] Je ea=ky;] jktLFkku ljdkj] t;iqj Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
% Hkonh; 1- izeq[k 'kklu lfpo] Je ea=ky;] jktLFkku ljdkj] t;iqj Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
Chapter 5 Section 6 Jheku~ eq[; lfpo jktLFkku ljdkj] t;iqj fnukad % 27-10-10 fo"k; %&

Chapter 5

Section 6

Jheku~ eq[; lfpo

jktLFkku ljdkj]

t;iqj

fnukad % 27-10-10

fo"k; %& ca/kqvk etnwjh ls eqfDr fnyokus ,oa jk’ku dkMZ o tkWc dkMZ cuokus ckcr~A

egksn;]

izkFkhZ;k lksuk ckbZ iRuh eFkjk yky] mez 53 o"kZ] tkfr lgjh;k vkfnoklh] xkao&u;kiqjk ¼vdysjk½ iapk;r jkuh cM+ksn] iapk;r lfefr fd’kuxat] ftyk ckjka esa 10 o"kZ ls ifr o ifjokj ds lkFk jg jgh g¡wA esjs rhu csVs] mudh cgqa, ,oa 2 csfV o muds nkekn ds lkFk ;gk¡ 10 o"kZ igys [ksrksa esa xsgw¡ dh Qly dkVus dh etnwjh ds fy, ifr ,oa ifjokj ds lkFk vkbZA esjs ifr dk iq’rsuh xkao lqcdjk iapk;r djkj ftyk ';ksiqj] e/;izns’k dks NksM+dj u;kiqjk ¼vdysjk½ esa cl xbZA esjs ifr ds iq’rsuh xkao eas u tehu gS vkSj u gh thus dk lgkjkA vkt esjs iwjs ifjokj ds ikl 10 o"kkZas ls ,d txg jgrs gq, Hkh u jk’ku dkMZ gS vkSj u gh tkWc dkMZ gSA tc Hkh iapk;r esa x;s rc rc ;g dgdj euk dj fn;k fd rqe bl xkao ds jgus okys ugha gksA

vkt esjs nks csVs ,oa ,d nkekn ca/kqvk etnwjh ds fy, etcwj gSA iwjk ifjokj Hkw[k dh dxkj ij [kM+k gSA

ca/kqvk etnwjh ds fy, etcwj gSA iwjk ifjokj Hkw[k dh dxkj ij [kM+k gSA Minimum Wages
ca/kqvk etnwjh ds fy, etcwj gSA iwjk ifjokj Hkw[k dh dxkj ij [kM+k gSA Minimum Wages
cccca/ka/ka/ka/kqvkqvkqvkqvk etnetnetnetnwjhwjhwjhwjh djudjudjudjussss okyokyokyokyssss dkdkdkdk fooj.kfooj.kfooj.kfooj.k

cccca/ka/ka/ka/kqvkqvkqvkqvk etnetnetnetnwjhwjhwjhwjh djudjudjudjussss okyokyokyokyssss dkdkdkdk fooj.kfooj.kfooj.kfooj.k &&&&

ØØ-ØØ--l-lll--aa--aa

cccca/ka/ka/ka/kqvkqvkqvkqvk etnwjetnwjetnwjetnwj dkdkdkdk ukeukeukeuke

fdldfdldfdldfdldssss iklikliklikl

fdrukfdrukfdrukfdruk

dcdcdcdc fy;kfy;kfy;kfy;k

D;kD;kD;kD;k r;r;r;r;

 

D;kD;kD;kD;k nsrknsrknsrknsrk ggggSSSS

cccca/ka/ka/ka/kqvkqvkqvkqvk gSgSgSgS

dtdtdtdtZZZZ

fd;kfd;kfd;kfd;k

 
 

fd;kfd;kfd;kfd;k

1-

izdk'k iq=

galjkt /kkdM+]

4000 #-

5

o"kZ iwoZ

1500 #-

25

fdyks xsgw¡ izfr ekg] dHkh

izgykn

vdysjk] r-

 

efguk

200 dHkh 500 #- izfr ekg

fd’kuxat]

pkSFkey /kkdM+]

11000

7

ekg

11 ekg

20

fdyks xsgw¡ izfr ekg o 300

xkao&ferh;kbZ

#-

iwoZ

ds ckn

#- izfr ekg fn;s] 23 vDVwcj 2010 dks ihVkbZ dh rks Hkkx dj vk x;k cksyrk gS 25]000

20]000

¼ftlds ikl Hkst fn;k x;k½

#- nks

#- tek djkvks

2-

lhrkjke iq=

tqxykjkt

10]000

5

o"kZ iwoZ

dqN ugha

25

fdyks xsgw¡ izfrekg] 500 #-

eFkjk yky

/kkdM+]

 

izfr ekg

xkao&vdysjk]

r-&fd’kuxat

3-

ey[kku iq=

tqEek pkpk]

5]000

5

o"kZ iwoZ

dqN ugha

25

fdyks xsgw¡ izfrekg] 500 #-

eFkjkyky

xkao&vdysjk]

 

izfr ekg

r-&fd’kuxat

lhrkjke o ey[kku vkt Hkh ca/kqvk gS viuh ejth ls nwljh txg dke ij ugha tk ldrs] buds ifjokj dk uk jk’ku dkMZ gS vkSj uk gh tkWc dkMZ cuk gSA izdk’k chekj gksus ls ?kj vk x;k] mldks 23 vDVwcj 2010 dks ?kj cqykdj galjkt o pkSFkey us fiVkbZ dh vkSj dgk 25]000 #- tek djkvks ojuk rqEgkjh iRuh dks gekjs ikl NksM+ tkvks ge blls dtZ pqd ysaxsA

d`i;k fuosnu gS fd esjs ifjokj dk esjk jk’ku dkMZ o tkWc dkMZ cuokus ds vkns’k djkosa rFkk esjs nkekn izdk’k iq= izgykn dks ca/kqvk etnwjh ls eqDr djkosa ,oa 23 vDVwcj 2010 dks izdk’k ds lkFk ekjihV djus dk eqdnek ntZ djkosaA vdysjk Fkkus esa fjiksVZ ntZ djokbZ ysfdu dksbZ dk;Zokgh ugha dh xbAZ lhrkjke o ey[kku tks fd esjs

djokbZ ysfdu dksbZ dk;Zokgh ugha dh xbAZ lhrkjke o ey[kku tks fd esjs Minimum Wages and
djokbZ ysfdu dksbZ dk;Zokgh ugha dh xbAZ lhrkjke o ey[kku tks fd esjs Minimum Wages and
iq= gS bUgs Hkh ca/kqvk etnwjh ls eqDr djokus rFkk blds ifjokj ds tkWcdkMZ o

iq= gS bUgs Hkh ca/kqvk etnwjh ls eqDr djokus rFkk blds ifjokj ds tkWcdkMZ o jk’ku dkMZ cuokus ds vkns’k djkosaA

dUgS;kyky iq= ghjkyky esjk nkekn gS bldk Hkh tkWcdkMZ o jk’ku dkMZ cuokus fd vuqefr fnyokbZ tk;sA

Hkonh;

izdk'k iq= izgykn

xhrk iRuh izdk’k

lksuk ckbZ iRuh eFkjk yky

xkxkxkxkao&u;ao&u;kao&u;ao&u;kkikiiiqjk]qjk]qjk]qjk] iiiiapk;r&jkuhapk;r&jkuhapk;r&jkuhapk;r&jkuh cMcMcMcM+k+k+k+ksn]sn]sn]sn] iiiiapk;rapk;rapk;rapk;r lfefr&fd’kuxlfefr&fd’kuxlfefr&fd’kuxlfefr&fd’kuxat]at]at]at] ftftffttyk&ckjkyk&ckjkyk&ckjkyk&ckjkaaaa

izfrfyfi&

1- izeq[k 'kklu lfpo] Je foHkkx] jktLFkku ljdkj 2- dysDVj] ckjka

1- izeq[k 'kklu lfpo] Je foHkkx] jktLFkku ljdkj 2- dysDVj] ckjka Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
1- izeq[k 'kklu lfpo] Je foHkkx] jktLFkku ljdkj 2- dysDVj] ckjka Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
Chapter 5 Section 7 JhJhJhJh lhlh-lhlh--ih-ihih-ih--tks’kh-tks’khtks’khtks’kh thththth

Chapter 5

Section 7

JhJhJhJh lhlh-lhlh--ih-ihih-ih--tks’kh-tks’khtks’khtks’kh thththth

iiiiapk;rhjktapk;rhjktapk;rhjktapk;rhjkt ,o,o,o,oaaaa xzkeh.kxzkeh.kxzkeh.kxzkeh.k fodklfodklfodklfodkl eeeea=ha=ha=ha=h

HkkjrHkkjrHkkjrHkkjr ljdkjljdkjljdkjljdkj

egksn; th]

fnukad % 28-10-10

2 vDVwcj 2010 ls LVsP;w ldZy] t;iqj esa etnwjksa ds gd vkSj vf/kdkjksa dh lqj{kk dks ysdj ^^etn^^etn^^etn^^etnwjwjwjwj gdgdgdgd lR;kxzg**lR;kxzg**lR;kxzg**lR;kxzg** py jgk gSA ftles eq[; :i gekjh izeq[k ekaxs fuEukuqlkj gS&

egkRek xka/kh ujsxk ds etnwjksa lfgr leLr etnwjksa dh etnwjh 200 #- izfrfnu dh tk;sA vHkh gky esa gh vkius jkT; dh U;wure etnwjh 135 :i;s dh gS ysfdu bl U;wure etnwjh dks ujsxk ds etnwjksa ls ckgj j[kuk fcYdqy gh vekuoh;] vlaoS/kkfud vkSj xSj U;kf;d gSA

U;wure etnwjh dks egaxkbZ ls tksM+k tk;s rkfd tSls &tSls egaxkbZ c<+s] etnwj dh Hkh etnwjh vius vki c<+sA

egkujsxk ls tqMs+ Ektnwjh dk Hkqxrku dkuwu ds izko/kku ds vuqlkj 15 fnu esa vo’; fd;k tk;s vU;Fkk etnwj dks eqvkotk fn;k tk;sA eqvkotk ysus ds fy;s ,d iwjh O;oLFkk fcBkbZ tk;sA

;fn VkLd **ihl jsV** ls etnwjh nh tk jgh gS rks vyx&vyx urih ,oa mlds vk/kkj ij Hkqxrku dh O;oLFkk dks lqfuf’pr djuk ljdkj dh ftEesnkjh gS ftu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa gj lewg dk uki fudkydj dke ds vuqlkj Hkqxrku ugha fd;k tk jgk gS ogka Vkbe jsV ls Hkqxrku nsuk vfrvko’;d gS

ugha fd;k tk jgk gS ogka Vkbe jsV ls Hkqxrku nsuk vfrvko’;d gS Minimum Wages and
ugha fd;k tk jgk gS ogka Vkbe jsV ls Hkqxrku nsuk vfrvko’;d gS Minimum Wages and
• ihl jsV esa ;fn U;wure etnwjh ls de pqdkjk fn;k tk jgk gS rks

ihl jsV esa ;fn U;wure etnwjh ls de pqdkjk fn;k tk jgk gS rks T;knk dekus dk ekSdk feyuk pkfg;s rHkh jkT; dk vkSlru etnwjh U;wure etnwjh ds djhc gksxk

vkt jkT; dk 75 #i;s vkSlr etnwjh vius vki esa Li"V djrk gS fd U;wure etnwjh dkuwu dk xaHkhj mYya?ku gks jgk gS ;gka rd fd etnwjksa dks 1]2]7]9]12 #i;s vkfn Hkh vkSlru fn;k tk jgk gS

ge mu leLr txgksa esa Vkbe jsV ls pqdkjs dh ekax djrs gS tgka vkSlru etnwjh ds vk/kkj ij U;wure etnwjh ls de fn;k x;k gSA ;fn dke esa deh gS rks mldh ftEesnkjh dk;Zdkjh ,tsUlh dh gSA

ljdkj vius deZpkfj;ksa ds osru r; djus ds fy;s vius [kqn ds vf/kdkfj;ksa ds lnL;rk dk osru vk;ksx xfBr djrk gSA lkaln o fo/kk;d vius orsu [kqn r; djrs gSaA mPp U;k;ky; ,oa loksZPp U;k;ky vius U;k;k/kh’kksa ds osru r; djr gSaA vr% ns’k ds lcls xjhc yksxksa ds ikl [kqn dk vk;ksx cukus ds vykok dksbZ pkjk ugha gSA U;wure etnwjh ls tqM+s bu leLr eqn~nksa ds fy;s ge etnwjh dk tu vk;ksx LFkkfir dj jgs gSA blesa ge etnwjksa ds vykok lekt ds vyx&vyx oxksZa ds yksxksa dks Hkh tksM+saxsA ge pkgrs gSa fd ljdkj Hkh bl etnwj tu vk;ksx esa vius izfrfuf/k HkstsaA

lkekftd vads{k.k ns’k ds izR;sd ukxfjd ds fy, [kqyk gks] ljdkj xzke lHkkvksa esa okLrfod vads{k.k djok,a rFkk mlesa lcdks 'kkfey djsaA iapk;r jkTk foHkkx ds lkFk vU; foHkkx dk Hkh lkekftd vads{k.k gksA

;g lkfcr gks pqdk gS fd egkujsxk us xzkeh.k Hkkjr ds xjhc o oafpr oxZ dks jkstxkj ds volj fn;s gS rFkk xkaoksa esa mi;ksxh ifjlaifRr;ka l`ftr gqbZ gS] iyk;u :dk gS vkSj xjhch de gks jgh gS] ,sls esa ;g t#jh gS fd dke ds fnu

c<+kdj 200 fnu dj

c<+k, vkSj orZeku esa fn;s tk jgs 100 fnu ds dke dks fn;k tk;sA

ge y?kq ,oa lhekUr fdlkuksa ds fy;s Hkh mudh tehu] [kkn] cht] ikuh] fctyh]

k] chek rFkk [kjhn ewY; dk jkT; esa ,d ,slh uhfr dk fu/kkZj.k dh ekax

djrs gS ftlls muds gdksa dh j{kk gks lds vkSj os lEeku ls viuk xqtkjk dj ldsaA bl fn’kk esa ge blh lR;kxzg ds nkSjku ,d fdlku tu vk;ksx dk xBu djsxsa tks bu eq}ksa ij fopkj foe’kZ djsxsaA ge pkgsxsa fd vkids izfrfuf/k Hkh bl tu vk;ksx esa 'kkfey gksaA

etnwjksa dks laxfBr gksdj viuh ckr dgus dk gd feysA jkT; esa ujsxk etnwjksa dh ;wfu;u dks iathd`r fd;k tk;sA

dk gd feysA jkT; esa ujsxk etnwjksa dh ;wfu;u dks iathd`r fd;k tk;sA Minimum Wages and
dk gd feysA jkT; esa ujsxk etnwjksa dh ;wfu;u dks iathd`r fd;k tk;sA Minimum Wages and
• ljdkjh vf/kdkjh@deZpkfj;ksa ds tSls gh etnwjksa dks ¼lEekutud½ feysA Hkh cq<+kis esa ia’kus vk'kk

ljdkjh vf/kdkjh@deZpkfj;ksa ds tSls gh etnwjksa dks ¼lEekutud½ feysA

Hkh

cq<+kis esa

ia’kus

vk'kk gS fd vki mijksDr ekaxks ij xEHkhjrkiwoZd fopkj djsaxsA rFkk etnwjksa ds fgr esa fu.kZ; dj ikjnf’kZrk lqfuf’pr djsaxs rkfd egkujsxk tSls egRoiw.kZ dk;ZØe dks Hkz"Vkpkj ls cpk;k tk lds vkSj etnwjksa ds thou Lrj dk mij mBk;k tk ldsA

bUgh vis{kkvksa ds lkFk

uohu ukjk;.k

lksuh

mij mBk;k tk ldsA bUgh vis{kkvksa ds lkFk uohu ukjk;.k lksuh v#.kk jkW; t;flag tknksu Hkonh;Hkonh;Hkonh;Hkonh;

v#.kk jkW;

t;flag tknksu

Hkonh;Hkonh;Hkonh;Hkonh;

fuf[ky Ms

_pk vkSfnP;

t;flag tknksu Hkonh;Hkonh;Hkonh;Hkonh; fuf[ky Ms _pk vkSfnP; js.kqdk ikespk HkWoj es?koa’kh gfjvksae lwpuk ,oa jkstxkj

js.kqdk ikespk

HkWoj es?koa’kh

gfjvksae

lwpuk ,oa jkstxkj dk vf/kdkj vfHk;ku dh vksj ls

es?koa’kh gfjvksae lwpuk ,oa jkstxkj dk vf/kdkj vfHk;ku dh vksj ls Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
es?koa’kh gfjvksae lwpuk ,oa jkstxkj dk vf/kdkj vfHk;ku dh vksj ls Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq
Chapter 5 Section 8 Jh v’kksd xgyksr eq[;ea=h jktLFkku ljdkj fnukad 28-10-2010 fo"k;% ca/kqvk etnwjh

Chapter 5

Section 8

Jh v’kksd xgyksr

eq[;ea=h

jktLFkku ljdkj

fnukad 28-10-2010

fo"k;% ca/kqvk etnwjh ds laca/k esa 28-10-2010 ds nSfud HkkLdj ds i`"B la[;k 10 ij ckjka ftys ds dyDVj ds xSj ftEesnkjkuk oDrO; ds laca/k esaA

ekU;oj]

ljdkjh vf/kdkjh xjhcksa dh O;Fkk ds izfr fdrus vlaosnu’khy gSa] bldk uewuk ckjka ds dyDVj Jh uohu tSu dk v[kckj esa Nik oDrO; gSA

;g iw.kZr;k lR; gS fd ckjka ftys esa xjhch bruh T;knk gS fd ml xjhc dks jksVh [kkus ds fy, u tkus D;k&D;k djuk iM+rk gSA blh dk ifj.kke gS fd tks O;fDr ogka 10 lky ls jg jgs gaS] tSls&tSls xqtj clj dj jgs gSaA u mudk jk’ku dkMZ vkSj

u tkWc dkMZ cuk;k tkrk gSA ifj.kkeLo:i mUgsa ca/kqvk etnwj cuuk iM+rk gSA bl

ckr dk le>us ds ctk, dyDVj lkgc migkl dj jgs gSa fd vxj og ca/kqvk etnwj

gS rks /kjus ij dSls vk;k\ yxrk gS mUgsa u rks ca/kqvk etnwjh fuokj.k dkuwu 1976 dk

Kku gS vkSj u gh yksxksa dh NViVkgV o xjhch ls mudk dksbZ okLRkk gSA muds oDrO; dh ge fuank djrs gSa vkSj vkids ekQZr ;g lwpuk pkgrs gSa fd xjhcksa dh etcwjh dk

migkl u djas vkSj fLFkfr esa cnyko ds fy, dke djsaA

ge ckjka esa ca/kqvk eqfDr ds fy, cuh lrZdrk lfefr dh rhu lky dh fjiksVZ dks Hkh lkoZtfud djus dh ea’kk djrs gaSA

lfefr dh rhu lky dh fjiksVZ dks Hkh lkoZtfud djus dh ea’kk djrs gaSA Minimum Wages
lfefr dh rhu lky dh fjiksVZ dks Hkh lkoZtfud djus dh ea’kk djrs gaSA Minimum Wages
vk’kk gS fd ca/kqvk etnwjksa dks rqjUr eqDr djkdj muds iquZOkkl dh O;oLFkk djsaxsA muds

vk’kk gS fd ca/kqvk etnwjksa dks rqjUr eqDr djkdj muds iquZOkkl dh O;oLFkk djsaxsA muds tkWc dkMZ o jk’ku dkMZ cuok,axs vkSj mUgsa chih,y dh leLr lqfo/kk,a iznku djsaxsA

vkHkkj lfgr

mUgsa chih,y dh leLr lqfo/kk,a iznku djsaxsA vkHkkj lfgr fuf[ky Ms js.kqdk ikespk 'kadj flag Minimum

fuf[ky Ms

chih,y dh leLr lqfo/kk,a iznku djsaxsA vkHkkj lfgr fuf[ky Ms js.kqdk ikespk 'kadj flag Minimum Wages

js.kqdk ikespk

lqfo/kk,a iznku djsaxsA vkHkkj lfgr fuf[ky Ms js.kqdk ikespk 'kadj flag Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq

'kadj flag

iznku djsaxsA vkHkkj lfgr fuf[ky Ms js.kqdk ikespk 'kadj flag Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
iznku djsaxsA vkHkkj lfgr fuf[ky Ms js.kqdk ikespk 'kadj flag Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha
Chapter 5 Section 9 JhJhJhJh ekuekuekueku rUe;rUe;rUe;rUe; ddddqekjqekjqekjqekj vk;vk;vk;vk;qDrqDrqDrqDr ,o,o,o,oaaaa

Chapter 5

Section 9

JhJhJhJh ekuekuekueku rUe;rUe;rUe;rUe; ddddqekjqekjqekjqekj

vk;vk;vk;vk;qDrqDrqDrqDr ,o,o,o,oaaaa 'kklu'kklu'kklu'kklu lfpo]lfpo]lfpo]lfpo] bbbbZth,lZth,lZth,lZth,l

jktLFkkujktLFkkujktLFkkujktLFkku ljdkjljdkjljdkjljdkj

egksn;]

fnukfnukfnukfnukad&ad&ad&ad& 88-88--11-1111-11--10-101010

jktLFkku Hkj ls etnwj 2 vDVwcj ls yxkrkj lR;kxzg ij cSBs gSaA lR;kxzg dk vkt 38 oka fnu gS vkSj bu fnuksa esa geus vkids foHkkx ,oa ljdkj dks dbZ eqn~nksa vkSj leL;kvksa rFkk uhfr;ksa lacaf/kr i= lkSis gSA dqN&dqN phtksa esa vki ds foHkkx }kjk dk;Zokgh Hkh dh tk jgh gS tSlk fd geus jkefuokl esgrk th ls feydj tkukA ysfdu vHkh Hkh dbZ fcUnqvksa ij foHkkxh; funsZ’k ,oa Li"Vrk vko’;d gS] ftlds fy;s ge vkisf{kr gSA oks bl izdkj gSA

1-

lwpuk ,oa jkstxkj dk vf/kdkj vfHk;ku }kjk jkT; dh U;wure etnwjh nj dks dkuwuu ujsxk etnwjksa dks Hkh Hkh nsus gsrq dbZ i= lkSis gSA gesa tkudkjh esa gS fd vkids foHkkx ,oa eq[;ea=h th }kjk dsUnz dks bl ckcr i= Hkh izsf"kr fd;s x;s gSA ysfdu vHkh rd gesa fdlh Hkh izdkj dk fyf[kr tckc vki }kjk ugha feyk gSA d`i;k orZeku ifjfLFkfr ls ges voxr djk;saA ¼l¼l¼l¼layXu&ayXu&ayXu&ayXu& 1½1½1½1½

2-

xqnfy;k] Vksasd okys ekeys esa rks ljdkj }kjk gh tkap dh xbZ vkSj geus vkidks i= o foLr`r fooj.k ds lkFk&lkFk lacaf/kr ,bZ,u ds c;ku dh dkWih Hkh lkSih gS ftlesa lkQ&lkQ og nks"kh lkfcr gks jgk gSA ge vk’p;Z tud gS fd brus xaHkhj vkSj lkfcr gks pqds izdj.k esa vki }kjk dk;Zokgh D;ksa ugha gqbZ gSA vxj dk;Zokgh ugh gksrh gS rks fuf’pr gh vU; txgksa ij bl izdkj ds vkSj Hkh izdj.k lkeus vk;sxsa vkSj vfu;ferrkvksa dks jksduk Hkh eq’fdy gks tk;sxkA ¼l¼l¼l¼layXu&ayXu&yXu&aayXu& 22½22½½½

3-

geus vkidks vyx&vyx ftyksa esa ujsxk ds Hkqxrku esa gks jgh nsjh dh foLr`r tkudkjh ds lkFk etnwjksa dh vftZ;ka vkSj i= lkSis FksA ge pkgrs gS fd :ds gq;s Hkqxrku rqjar izHkko djk;s tk;s rFkk dkuwuu eqvkotk Hkh fnyk;k tk;sA ftlds fy;s jkT; ljdkj }kjk fu;e cukdj Li"V vkns’k Hkh tkjh fd;s tk;saA ¼l¼l¼l¼layXu&ayXu&3ayXu&ayXu&33½3½½½

4-

gekjs }kjk vkidks 31 iapk;rksa esa gqbZ fo’ks"k vkfMVW esas ik;s x;s nks"kh O;fDr;ksa ds f[kykQ dk;Zokgh vkSj xcu dh xbZ jkf’k dh olwyh djus ds fy;s i= o vkadM+ksa dh 'khV lkSih xbZ Fkh A fopkj djus okyh ckr gS fd [kqn ljdkj us gh yxHkx 6 djksM+ dh vfu;ferrk,a fudkyh ysfdu dk;Zokgh ugha dj ik jgh gSA rc xzke lHkk }kjk lkekftd vads{k.k esa mtkxj vfu;ferrkvksa ij dk;Zokgh dSls gksxhA ¼l¼l¼l¼layXu&ayXu&4ayXu&ayXu&44½4½½½

4 a y X u & a y X u & 4 4 ½ 4 ½
4 a y X u & a y X u & 4 4 ½ 4 ½
5- geus vkids foHkkx dks 5 dysDVjksa }kjk ujsxk esa dh xbZ vfu;ferrkvksa laca/kh foLr`r

5-

geus vkids foHkkx dks 5 dysDVjksa }kjk ujsxk esa dh xbZ vfu;ferrkvksa laca/kh foLr`r fooj.k lkSik FkkA bu ij dk;Zokgh gsrq iapk;r jkt ea=h o iwoZ vk;qDr] bZth,l }kjk dk;Zokgh gsrq flQkfj’ksa Hkh dh gS ysfdu vkt fnu rd dk;Zokgh vkisf{kr gSA

¼l¼l¼l¼layXu&ayXu&5ayXu&ayXu&55½5½½½

6-

gekjs }kjk dbZ ckj ujsxk dk;ZLFkyksa esa jkT; ljdkj ds funsZ’kksZ ds vuq:i uirh O;oLFkk dk mYya?ku djus okyksa ds f[kykQ l[r dk;Zokgh djus gsrq vusdks i= lkSis gSA

vusd mnkgj.kksa ls Li"V gksrk gS fd jkT; ljdkj] 5&5 ds lewg ds vuq:i uirh vkSj lewgokj Hkqxrku nsus dh O;oLFkk dks ykxw djus esa vlQy gks jgh gSA ysfdu bl O;OkLFkk dks fuf’pr gh etcwr cuk;k tk ldrk gS ;fn bl izdkj dk vkns’k fudys fd Hkqxrku lewg okj uirh ds vuqlkj gh gksxs ;fn Hkxrkuq lewg okj ugh agksa] rks iwjh U;wure etnwjh vFkkZr Vkbe jsV ls Hkqxrku gksxkA fuf’pr gh bl vkns’k dk izHkko uirh O;oLFkk dks etcwrh iznku djus okyk gksxkA

7-

gekjs }kjk vkidks ,d i= fodykax O;fDr;ksa ls lacaf/kr Hkh lkSik x;k gS ftlesa ujsxk esa fodykax O;fDr;ksa ds fy;s dke fo’ks"k o vyx tkWc dkMZ dh O;oLFkk dh tkuk vkisf{kr gSA bl gsrq jkT; ljdkj }kjk Li"V vkns’k tkjh fd;s tk;sA rkfd mudh lkekftd o [kk| lqj{kk lqfuf’pr gks lds lkFk gh og etnwjh ds gd dks Hkh izkIr dj ldsA ¼l¼l¼l¼layXu&ayXu&6ayXu&ayXu&66½6½½½

8-

>kykokM+ vkSj HkhyokMk= esa laiU*u lkekftd vads{k.k ftlesas vusd izdkj dh vfu;ferrk;sa vkSj Hkz"Vkpkj mtkxj gq;s] mudh f’kdk;rsa vkSj tkap Hkh gqbZA ljdkj }kjk tkap esa ekeys fl) Hkh gq;s] ysfdu vkt fnu rd fdlh Hkh izdkj dh dk;Zokgh ugh gqbZA bl izdkj dh <+hy ls nksf"k;ksa esa u rks Hk; iSnk gks jgk gS u gh turk esa lkekftd vadss{k.k tSlh izfsdz;k esa fo’oklA

9-

jkT; ljdkj ds funsZ’kkuqlkj izR;sd iapk;r esa Je lkexzh dk fooj.k nhoky isfUVax ds ek/;e ls iznf’kZr gksuh FkhA vxLr 2010 rd o"kZ 08&09 ,oa 09&10 dh lwpuk;sa isUV gks tkuh FkhA ysfdu gekjs }kjk vkidks dbZ i=ksa ds ek/;e ls crk;k fd vusdksa txg lwpuk;sa ugha fy[kh xbZa gS] ;fn lwpuk;sa isUV Hkh gqbZ gS rks os vLi"V] v/kwjh] Hkzked ,oa lkexzh dh lwpuk;s arks vaxzth bdkbZ es fy[kh xbZ gSA tSls& ¼iRFkj 40 CFT vkfn½A bl fo"k; dks xaHkhjrk ls ysdj dk;Zokgh vkisf{kr gSA

10-

jkT; Hkj esa vxLr ekg esa lkekftd vads{k.k vk;ksftr gq;s ysfdu ;s vads{k.k u rks fu;ekuqlkj gq;s vkSj u gh izHkkoh :i ls gq;s gSaA bl izdkj ds lkekftd vads{k.k u gh ikjnf’kZrk dks LFkkfir djrs gS vkSj u gh tckcnsgh dksA geus vkidks fofHkUu ftyksa esa gq;s vads{k.kksa dh okLrfodrk i=ksa ds ek/;e ls crkbZ FkhAs ^^jktLFkku^^jktLFkku^^jktLFkku^^jktLFkku iiiiapk;rhapk;rhapk;rhapk;rh jkjktjkjkttt vf/kfu;e]vf/kfu;e]vf/kfu;e]vf/kfu;e] 1994199419941994 ¼l¼l¼l¼lalkalkalkalksf/kr½**]sf/kr½**]sf/kr½**]sf/kr½**] ftlesa Li"V fy[kk gqvk gS fd okMZ lHkkvksa esa lkekftd vads{k.k gksxkaA lkFk gh okMZ lHkk esa gh dk;ksZ dh ;kstuk] ,sLVhesV cukuk vkSj ;wlh ,oa lhlh tkjh gksxhaA dkuwu esa fy[ks bl egRoiw.kZ Hkkx dks xaHkhjrk ls ykxw fd;k tk;sA

¼l¼l¼l¼layXu&ayXu&7ayXu&ayXu&77½7½½½

11-

geus vkidks iapk;rksa esa ljiapkas }kjk lkexzh [kjhn ds fojks/k esa i= lkSik gSA gekjk ekuuk gS fd iqjkus vuqHkoksa ls lh[krs gq;s gesa ipk;ra lfefr }kjk [kjhn dh izfØ;k dks gh cgky j[kuk pkfg;sA vkSj ljiapksa dks fuxjkuh djus ds fy;s izsfjr djuk pkfg;sA

12-

jkT; ljdkj ds fnukad 2-10-10 ds vkns’k dz- bz 2¼69½ ds vuqlkj ljiapksa dks LFkk;h vfxze jkf’k 500 :- dh lhek dks c<+kdj 10]000 :- dj nh xbZ gSA gesa yxrk gS f

500 :- dh lhek dks c<+kdj 10]000 :- dj nh xbZ gSA gesa yxrk gS f
500 :- dh lhek dks c<+kdj 10]000 :- dj nh xbZ gSA gesa yxrk gS f
dbl izdkj dk fu.kZ;] iwoZ esa ljiapksa }kjk dh xbZ vfu;ferrkvksa dks utjankt dj ds

dbl izdkj dk fu.kZ;] iwoZ esa ljiapksa }kjk dh xbZ vfu;ferrkvksa dks utjankt dj ds fy;k x;k gSA ,oa mu yksxksa dh ekax ij fd;k x;k gS tks iSlksa dk vkSj nqiZ;ksx djuk pkgrs gSA ¼l¼l¼l¼layXu&8ayXu&8ayXu&8ayXu&8 vkns’kvkns’kvkns’kvkns’k dhdhdhdh dkdkdkdkWih½Wih½Wih½Wih½

13- ckajk ftys esa ca/kqvk etnwjksa ls lacaf/kr izdj.kksa ij ljdkj dks fyf[kr i= lkSik Fkk lkFk gh ca/kqvk etnwjksa ds uke vkSj mudk 'kks"k.k djus okykas ds uke vkidks lkSis FksA mu yksxksa ds tkWc dkMZ rks cu x;s ysfdu mudks ljipa }kjk Mjk;k /kedk;k tk jgk gSaA ogka ds izHkkoh yksxksa us vkVk pDdh okyksa ;k vU; lqfo/kk okyksa dks dg j[kk gS fd bu yksxksa dk dksbZ Hkh dke ugha djukA vc os 16 ifjokj dkQh eqf’dyksa dk lkeuk dj jgs gSA fopkj djus okyh ckr rks ;g gS fd ckjk dysDVj bu ykxks sa dks ca/kqvk etnwj ekuus dks rS;kj ugha gS u gh muds f[kykQ fdlh Hkh izdkj dh dk;Zokgh gks jgh gS tks blds fy;s fTkEesnkj gSA vkils vkxzg gS fd bl eqn~ns dks xaHkhjrk ls ys vkSj vU; tks ifjokj ca/kqvk etnwjksa dk thou xqtkj jgs gS mUgs Hkh eqDr djkus gsrq dM+s dne mBk;sA ¼l¼l¼l¼layXu&ayXu&9ayXu&ayXu&999 ]]½]]½½½

bl lR;kxzg esa lHkh xjhc yksx vius&vius ?kjksa] cPpksa] eosf’k;ksa vkSj [ksrh ckM+h dks NksM+dj bl vkl esa cSBs gS fd ljdkj etnwjksa dh fgrS"kh gS vkSj mUkds thou thus ds laoS/kkfud gdksa dh lqj{kk djsxhA

vk’kk gS fd vki bl i= esa 'kkfey ,d&,d fcUnq dks xHkhjrka

dks U;k; fnykus esa enn djsxsa] lkFk gh vkisf{kr dk;Zokfg;ka Hkh djsxsaA

ls ysxsa vkSj lcls xjhc etnwjksa

lg;ksx dh vis{kk ds lkFk-----------------------

fuf[kyfuf[kyfuf[kyfuf[ky MMMMssss

,o,o,o,oaaaa vfHk;kuvfHk;kuvfHk;kuvfHk;ku ddddssss vU;vU;vU;vU; lkFkhlkFkhlkFkhlkFkh

ekekekeksrhykysrhykysrhykysrhyky

Hkonh;Hkonh;Hkonh;Hkonh;

leLrleLrleLrleLr etnwjetnwjetnwjetnwj gdgdgdgd lR;kxlR;kxlR;kxlR;kxzgh]zgh]zgh]zgh] jktLFkkujktLFkkujktLFkkujktLFkku

'k'k'k'kadjadjadjadj flflflflagagagag

gfjvkgfjvkgfjvkgfjvksesesese lklklklksuhsuhsuhsuh

flflflflagagagag gfjvkgfjvkgfjvkgfjvksesesese lklklklksuhsuhsuhsuh Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 120
flflflflagagagag gfjvkgfjvkgfjvkgfjvksesesese lklklklksuhsuhsuhsuh Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 120
Chapter 5 Section 10 Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 121

Chapter 5

Section 10

Chapter 5 Section 10 Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 121
Chapter 5 Section 10 Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 121
Chapter 5 Section 10 Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 121
Chapter 5 Section 11 JhekuJhekuJhekuJheku v’kkv’kkv’kkv’kksdsdsdsd xgykxgykxgykxgyksrsrsrsr thththth

Chapter 5

Section 11

JhekuJhekuJhekuJheku v’kkv’kkv’kkv’kksdsdsdsd xgykxgykxgykxgyksrsrsrsr thththth

eeeeq[;eq[;eq[;eq[;ea=ha=ha=ha=h

jktLFkkujktLFkkujktLFkkujktLFkku ljdkjljdkjljdkjljdkj

egksn;]

fnukfnukfnukfnukad&ad&ad&ad& 99-99--11-1111-11--10-101010

tSlk fd vki tkurs gS fd etnwjksa ds gdksa dh lqj{kk ds fy;s] LVsP;w lfdZy ij 2 vDVwcj ls etnwj gd lR;kxzg tkjh gSA vkt lR;kxzg dk 39 oka fnol gSA vkSj gekjs ikl vHkh rd bl izdkj dk vk’oklu ughza vk;k gS ftlls ge larqf"V iwoZd /kjus ls mB ldsaA

ge tkurs gS fd vkius leku U;wure etnwjh feys vkSj mls egaxkbZ ls tksM+k tk;s] bl fo"k; dks xaHkhjrk ls fy;k vkSj iz/kkuea=h th dks vkxzg i= HkstkA blds fy;s ge vkidks /kU;okn nsrs gSA

blds vykok tks phts jkT; Lrj ls gh gy gksuh gS mu ij Hkh xaHkhjrk ls fopkj dj fuLrkj.k gsrq ge vHkh Hkh vkisf{kr gSA ge lacaf/kr foHkkxh; vf/kdkfj;ksa ls Hkh fey jgs gSA ysfdu vHkh Hkh cgqr Li"V rjhds ls u rks gesa ekSf[kd@fyf[kr tckc feyk gS u gh dk;Zokfg;ka gks jgh gSA tcfd dqN ekeys rks ljdkj }kjk gh tkap dj fl) ik;s x;s gSA

ge iqu% dqN fcUnqvksa ij vkidk /;ku vkdf"kZr djuk pkgrs gSA

ikjnf'kikjnf'kikjnf'kikjnf'kZrk&Zrk&Zrk&Zrk& lwpuk ds vf/kdkj dkuwu] fuf’pr gh ikjnf’kZrk vkSj tckcnsgh LFkkfir djus ds fy;s ,d l’kDr ek/;e gSA vkSj fcuk blds ,d LoPN O;oLFkk dh dYiuk Hkh ugha dh tk ldrh gSA

gSA vkSj fcuk blds ,d LoPN O;oLFkk dh dYiuk Hkh ugha dh tk ldrh gSA Minimum
gSA vkSj fcuk blds ,d LoPN O;oLFkk dh dYiuk Hkh ugha dh tk ldrh gSA Minimum
d k u d k u d k u d k u w u w

dkudkudkudkuwuwuwuwu dhdhdhdh /kkjk/kkjk/kkjk/kkjk 4444 ds vuqlkj] foHkkx dh leLr tkudkfj;ka lkoZtfud :i ls [kqyh gksuh pkfg;sA ysfdu jkT; Hkj eas 'kk;n gh dksbZ foHkkx gks tgka bl egRoiw.kZ /kkjk dks vey esa yk;k x;k gksA bl /kkjk ds ykxw gksrs gh] fuf’pr gh vkosnu djus okyksa dh la[;k esa deh vk;sxh vkSj vke turk dk lg;ksx iz’kklfud dk;ksZa esa gksus yxsxkA

& ujsxk ds rgr Je lkexzh dk laiw.kZ fooj.k lkoZtfud :i ls nhokyksa ij isUV gksa]] ftlds fy;s jkT; ljdkj ls vusdksa ckj l[r vkns’k fudys gS] mu ij dbZ iapk;rksa dh f’kdk;rsa geus lacaf/kr foHkkxksa dks lkSih gSA ftlesa llllwpuk;wpuk;wpuk;wpuk;sasasasa &&&& v/kv/kv/kv/kwjh]wjh]wjh]wjh] vLi"VvLi"VvLi"VvLi"V vkvkvkvkSjSjSjSj HkHkHkHkzkedzkedzkedzked fy[kh xbZa gSA ftu ij dk;Zokgh vkisf{kr gSA

U;;;;wurewurewurewure etnwjhetnwjhetnwjhetnwjh dkdkdkdkssss eeeeagxkbZagxkbZagxkbZagxkbZ llllssss tktktktksMsMsMsMs+&s+&s+&s+& jkT; dh U;wure etnwjh dks ^^miHkkmiHkkmiHkkmiHkksDrksDrksDrksDrk eeeewY;wY;wY;wY; llllwpdkwpdkwpdkwpdkaad**aad**aad**aad** llllssss tktktktksMsMsMsM+k+k+k+k tk;tk;tk;tk;s rkfd tSls&tSls eagxkbZ c<+s] oSls&oSls U;wure etnwjh dh nj Hkh c<+sA ftlls ckj&ckj etnwjksa dks mudh etnwjh c<+kus ds fy;s la?k"kZ ;k vkanksyu u djus iM+sA

ujujujujsxksxksxksxk etnetnetnetnwjwjwjwj ;;;;wfu;u&wfu;u&jktLFkkuwfu;u&wfu;u& ljdkj us ujsxk etnwjksa dh ;wfu;u dks jftLVMZ djus ls euk fd;k gSA fuf’pr gh ;g etnwjksa ds gd ij vk?kkr gS lkFk gh vlaoS/kkfud gSA iatkc] if’pe caxky] dsjy vkfn jkT;ksa esa ujsxk etnwjksa dh ;wfu;u jftLVMZ gks pqdh gSA d`i;k bl ij fopkj djsaA ¼¼Li"Vh¼¼Li"VhLi"Vhdj.kLi"Vhdj.kdj.kdj.k llllayXu&ayXu&ayXu&ayXu& 1½1½1½1½

xxxxqnfy;kqnfy;kqnfy;kqnfy;k eeeesasasasa 1111 ::-::--- dkdkdkdk ppppqdkjk&qdkjk&qdkjk&qdkjk& xqnfy;k ftyk Vksad okys ekeys esa vHkh rd fdlh Hkh izdkj dh dk;Zokgh ugh dh xbZ gSA u rks etnwjksa dks mudh esgur dk iwjk iSlk feyk gS vkSj u gh fl)fl)fl)fl) gkgkgkgkssss ppppqdqdqdqdssss nknknknks"khs"khs"khs"kh dedededeZpkfj;kZpkfj;kZpkfj;kZpkfj;kssass ds f[kykQ dk;Zokgh gks jgh gSA

fo’fo’kfo’fo’kkks"ks"ks"ks"k vkWfMV&vkWfMV&vkWfMV&vkWfMV& jkT; ljdkj }kjk 31 iapk;rksa esa fo’k"ks vkWfMV dj yxHkx 6666 djkdjkdjkdjksMsMsMsM dhdhdhdh fjdojhfjdojhfjdojhfjdojh vkSj dk;Zofg;ka izLrkfor dh xbZ FkhA ysfdu 'kq:vkr esa gh ddddsoysoysoysoy 80808080 yk[kyk[kyk[kyk[k ds yxHkx fjdojh gks ikbZ gS 'ks"k ugha gqbZ gSA ¼l¼l¼l¼layXu&ayXu&ayXuayXu&& 22½22½½½

nnnnsjhsjhsjhsjh llllssss HkHkHkHkqxrkuqxrkuqxrkuqxrku ijijijij eeeeqvkotk&qvkotk&qvkotk&qvkotk& jkT; Hkj eas ujsxk dk Hkqxrku vkSlru 2 ls 3 ekg es agks jgk gS tcfd dkuwuu Hkqxrku 7 ls 15 fnuksa esas gks tkuk pkfg;s] ugh arks eqvkotk feyus dk izko/kku dkuwu esa fn;k gSA ge pkgrs gS fd eeeeqvkotqvkotqvkotqvkotssss ddddssss izko/kkuizko/kkuizko/kkuizko/kku dhdhdhdh izfØ;kizfØ;kizfØ;kizfØ;k vkvkvkvkSjSjSjSj fu;efu;efu;efu;e cukdj]cukdj]cukdj]cukdj] blblblbl O;oLFkkO;oLFkkO;oLFkkO;oLFkk dkdkdkdkssss etcetcetcetcwrhwrhwrhwrh llllssss ykxykxykxykxwwww djkodjkodjkodjkosasaAsasa >kj[kaM esa bl O;OkLFkk dks ykxw djrs gh Hkqxrku esa gks jgh nsjh esa deh ns[kh tk ldrh gSA

c/kc/kc/kc/kaqvkaqvkaqvkaqvk etnwjetnwjetnwjetnwj & ckjk ftys es ca/kqvk etnwjh dk izdj.k] ftls vkids le{k j[kk Fkk] ml ij vkaf’kd dk;Zokgh rks gqbZ gS tSls& tkWc dkMZ ;k chih,y dkMZ cuukA yyyysfdusfdusfdusfdu ftykftykftykftyk dydydydysDVjsDVjsDVjsDVj ddddssss vuqlkjvuqlkjvuqlkjvuqlkj oooossss cccca/ka/ka/ka/kqvkqvkqvkqvk etnwjetnwjetnwjetnwj uuuu gkgkgkgksdjsdjsdjsdj gkyhgkyhgkyhgkyh gSAgSAgSAgSA

tcfd Kkr gS fd cccca/kqvka/kqvka/kqvka/kqvk etnetnetnetnwjwjwjwj vf/kfu;evf/kfu;evf/kfu;evf/kfu;e eeeesasasasa Li"VLi"VLi"VLi"V gSgSgSgS fdfdfdfd gkyhgkyhgkyhgkyh ddddssss :i:i:i:i eeeesasaaass dkedkedkedke djkukdjkukdjkukdjkuk HkhHkhHkhHkh cccca/kqvka/kqvka/kqvka/kqvk etnetnetnetnwjhwjhwjhwjh ddddssss nk;jnk;jnk;jnk;jssss eeeesasasasa vkrkvkrkvkrkvkrk gSAgSAgSAgSA ;fn bUgs ca/kqvk etnwj ?kksf"kr ugha

fd;k tk;sxk rks fu;ekuqlkj feyus okyh jkgr ls os lHkh oafpr jg tk;sxsaA

tk;sxk rks fu;ekuqlkj feyus okyh jkgr ls os lHkh oafpr jg tk;sxsaA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
tk;sxk rks fu;ekuqlkj feyus okyh jkgr ls os lHkh oafpr jg tk;sxsaA Minimum Wages and Mazdoor
fQygky mu 16 ifjokjksa dks Mjk;k vkSj /kedk;k tk jgk gS lkFk gh Hkkafr&Hkkafr izdkj

fQygky mu 16 ifjokjksa dks Mjk;k vkSj /kedk;k tk jgk gS lkFk gh Hkkafr&Hkkafr izdkj ls ijs’kku Hkh fd;k tk jgk gSA tSls& pDdh esa vkVk ugha ihluk] gS.Miai u yxus nsuk vkfnA

iiiiapk;rkapk;rkapk;rkapk;rksasasasa eeeesasasasa vfxvfxvfxvfxzezezeze jkf’k&jkf’k&jkf’k&jkf’k& jkT; ljdkj ds fnukad 2-10-10 ds vkns’k Ø- 2 ¼69½ ds vuqlkj ljiapksa dks LFkk;h vfxze jkf’k 500 :- dh lhek ls c<+kdj 10]000 :- dj nh xbZ gSA gesas yxrk gS fd blblblbl izdkjizdkjizdkjizdkj dkdkdkdk fu.kfu.kfu.kfu.kZ;]Z;]Z;]Z;] iiiiwoZwoZwoZwoZ eeeesasasasa ljiljiljiljiapkapkapkapksasasasa }kjk}kjk}k}kjkjk dhdhdhdh xbxbxbxbZZZZ vvvfu;ferrkvkvfu;ferrkvkfu;ferrkvkfu;ferrkvksasasasa dkdkdkdkssss utjutjutjutjanktanktanktankt djdjdjdj ddddssss fy;kfy;kfy;kfy;k x;kx;kx;kx;k gSAgSAgSAgSA ,oa mu yksxks dh ekax ij fd;k x;k gS tks iSlksa dk vkSj nqiZ;ksx djuk pkgrs gSA

bl lR;kxzg esa lHkh xjhc yksx vius&vius ?kjksa] cPpks] eosf’k;ksa vkSj [ksrksa dks NksM+dj bl vkl esa cSBs gS fd ljdkj etnwjksa dh fgrS"kh gS vkSj muds thou thus ds laoS/kkfud gdksa dh lqj{kk djsxhA

vk’kk gS fd vki bl i= esa 'kkfey ,d&,d fcUnq dks xHkhjrka

U;k; fnykus esa enn djsxsa lkFk gh vkisf{kr dk;Zokfg;ka Hkh djsxsaaA

ls ysxsa vkSj lcls xjhc etnwjksa dks

lg;ksx dh vis{kk ds lkFk------------------------

Hkonh;Hkonh;Hkonh;Hkonh;

leLrleLrleLrleLr etnetnetnetnwjwjwjwj gdgdgdgd lR;kxlR;kxlR;kxlR;kxzzzgh]zgh]zzzgh]zgh] jktLFkkujktLFkkujktLFkkujktLFkku

v:.kkv:.kkv:.kkv:.kk jkW;jkW;jkW;jkW;

'k'k'k'kadjadjadjadj flflflflagagagag

ekekekeksrhsrhsrhsrh ykyykyykyyky

gfjvkgfjvkgfjvkgfjvksaesaesaesae lklklklksuhsuhsuhsuh

,oa lwpuk ,oa jkstxkj dk vf/kdkj vfHk;ku ds leLr lkfFk;ksa dh vksj ls

,oa lwpuk ,oa jkstxkj dk vf/kdkj vfHk;ku ds leLr lkfFk;ksa dh vksj ls Minimum Wages and
,oa lwpuk ,oa jkstxkj dk vf/kdkj vfHk;ku ds leLr lkfFk;ksa dh vksj ls Minimum Wages and
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 125
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 125
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 125
Minimum Wages and Mazdoor Haq Satyagraha Page 125
Chapter 5 Section 12 Mr. Manohar Kant, Principal Secretary, Labour and Employment Government of Rajasthan

Chapter 5

Section 12

Mr. Manohar Kant,

Principal Secretary,

Labour and Employment

Government of Rajasthan

Dear Sir,

9 November 2010

Sub: In relation to the order refusing registration of “the Rajasthan Rojgar Guarantee Majdoor Union” under the Trade Unions Act, 1926

Ref: Order of the Registrar of Trade Unions dated 3.8.2010 numbered as F.1/RTU/A-4/2010 – 24180

This is in relation to the order of the Registrar of Trade Unions dated 3.8.2010 rejecting the

application to get the Rajasthan Rojgar Guarantee Majdoor Union registered under the Trade Unions

Act, 1926. In this behalf, we want to submit the following clarifications:

1. In para 6 of the order, the Registrar has observed that the applicant union was asked by the

department “to clarify as to how the persons employed under NREGA can be considered

workmen and how NREGA can be trade or industry for the purpose of registration of trade

union under the Trade Unions Act, 1926”. It has also been observed in this relation that the

applicant union did not submit any clarification to this query of the department.

We want to put on record that the applicant union never received any such query from the

department in the first place. There has been correspondence between the department and

the applicant union, but the office of the Registrar never sought a clarification of the nature

mentioned in para 6 of the order.

2. It is noteworthy that the purpose of the Trade Unions Act, 1926 is to foster an environment

which will facilitate collective assertion of the rights of the workers. In the decision of Bank

of India Employees’ Association v. Reserve Bank of India, (1983) 2 LLN 872 (Bom), the court

also emphasized collective bargaining as the primary purpose of this trade unions legislation.