Ajay Kumar Garg Engineering College Ghaziabad

Synopsis On

Smart Grid

Team Name:BackAgain
Subm itted By: Marut Awasthi Ateev Kumar

Ashima Jain INDEX ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ ➢ Introduction Origin Working Merits Future Grids Setting of Power Grids Smart grid functions .

It is the integration of communications networks with the power grid in order to create an electricity-communications superhighway capable of monitoring its own health at all times. It also incorporates the use of superconductive transmission lines for less power loss. and automatically taking corrective actions that enable the grid to fail gracefully and prevent a local failure from cascading out of control. smart grid technology can be grouped into five key areas: ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ Integrated communications Sensing and measurement Smart meters Phasor measurement units Advanced components . and to charge a premium to those that use energy during peak hours. reduce cost and increase reliability and transparency. alerting officials immediately when problems arise. to instead be capable of routing power in more optimal ways to respond to a very wide range of conditions.INTRODUCTION The smart grid is a simple upgrade of 20th century power grids which generally "broadcast" power from a few central power generators to a large number of users. In general. It overlays the electrical grid with an information and net metering system. It delivers electricity from suppliers to consumers using digital technology with two-way communications to control appliances at consumers' homes to save energy.as well as the capability of integrating renewable electricity such as solar and wind.

. Its aim was to formulate and promote a vision for the development of Europe’s electricity networks looking towards 2020 and beyond. Modernization is necessary for energy consumption efficiency. are actively managed. most of which is manually controlled. This paradigm is changing as businesses and homes begin generating more wind and solar electricity.THE ORIGIN OF SMART GRID The Smart Grids European Technology Platform for Electricity Networks of the Future began its work in 2005. What a Smart Grid is? The function of an Electrical grid is not a single entity but an aggregate of multiple networks and multiple power generation companies with multiple operators employing varying levels of communication and coordination. automation and coordination between these suppliers. Smart grids increase the connectivity. and generally operate from 345kV to 800kV over AC and DC lines. enabling them to sell surplus energy back to their utilities.  Local networks traditionally moved power in one direction. consumers and networks that perform either long distance transmission or local distribution tasks. Smart Grids’ mission is to create a shared vision which: ✔ Enables Electricity grids to meet the challenges and opportunities of the 21st century. "distributing" the bulk power to consumers and businesses via lines operating at 132kV and lower. ✔ Strengthens the business context for the electricity sector and its international opportunities.  Transmission networks move electricity in bulk over medium to long distances. ✔ Fulfils the expectations of the society. real time management of power flows and to provide the bi-directional metering needed to compensate local producers of power.

and micro hydro generators. ✔ . commercial and industrial customers. ✔ The real-time. Power suppliers provide their customers with pricing information that is based on electricity demand for a given period during the day.HOW DOES THE SMART GRID WORK? The Smart Grid updates the existing power grid to employ real-time. Customers use that information to guide power usage. two-way communication between power suppliers and their residential. two-way communications available in a smart grid will enable consumers to be compensated for their efforts to save energy and to sell energy back to the grid through netmetering. ✔ A smart grid can optimize capital assets while minimizing operations and maintenance costs ✔ The increased efficiency and reliability of the smart grid is expected to save consumers money and help reduce CO2 emissions. smallscale wind turbines. Smart grid functions ✔ Be able to heal itself ✔ Motivate consumers to actively participate in operations of the grid ✔ Resist attack ✔ Provide higher quality power that will save money wasted from outages ✔ Accommodate all generation and storage options ✔ Enable electricity markets to flourish ✔ Run more efficiently ✔ Enable higher penetration of intermittent power generation sources MERITS More stable power provided by smart grid technologies will reduce downtime and prevent high losses. ✔ Intelligence in distribution grids will enable small producers to generate and sell electricity at the local level using alternative sources such as rooftop-mounted photo voltaic panels.

• Ensure harmonization of regulatory and commercial frameworks in Europe to facilitate cross-border trading of both power and grid services (such as reserve power. enabling existing grids to accept power injections from distributed energy resources without contravening critical operational limits (such as voltage control. traditional. for instance Nordic hydropower). ensuring that they will accommodate a wide range of operating situations without creating perverse incentives or other unintended consequences. • Develop information. in turn. grid equipment. computing and telecommunication systems that enable businesses to utilize innovative service arrangements to improve their efficiency and enhance their services to customers. • Establish interfacing capabilities that will allow new designs of grid equipment and new automation/control arrangements to be successfully interfaced with existing. switching equipment capability and power flow capacity). supply power to medium and low-voltage local distribution systems.Smart Grids: Enhancing grid flexibility & robustness • Create a toolbox of proven technical solutions that can be deployed rapidly and cost-effectively. The transmission and distribution systems are commonly run by natural monopolies (national or regional bodies) under energy . Today’s grids are predominantly based on large central power stations connected to high voltage transmission systems which.

There is little or no consumer participation and no end-to-end communications. the generation sector is increasingly competitive. . In contrast.authorities’ control. FUTURE GRIDS Distribution grids will become active and will have to accommodate bidirectional power flows.

SETTING UP SMART POWER GRIDS Electricity grids of the future are Smart in several ways. Secondly. thanks to the exploitation of sustainable energy sources .The European electricity systems have moved to operate under the framework of a market model in which generators are dispatched according to market forces and the grid control centre undertakes an overall supervisory role (active power balancing and ancillary services such as voltage stability). they allow the customer to take an active role in the supply of electricity. Demand management becomes an indirect source of generation and savings are rewarded. the new system offers greater efficiency as links are set up across Europe and beyond to draw on available resources and enable an efficient exchange of energy. Firstly. environmental concerns will be addressed. In addition.

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