13 - fact sheet

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How do CDM projects contribute to sustainable development?
Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects aim to contribute to a developing country's sustainable development, while earning emissions credits for the investing country and hence reducing global greenhouse gas emissions. They involve a diverse range of groups, including private investors, developed and developing country governments, and non-government organisations. Before investing in a project, decision-makers can calculate its impact on greenhouse gas reduction and its cost-effectiveness. But no objective measures exist to evaluate the benefit to the host country's sustainable development. Dr Kate Brown, a researcher based at the University of East Anglia's School of Development Studies, is creating a method to assess the socio-economic potential of a CDM project. Her team will develop a way to evaluate whether a project contributes to poverty elimination, social equity, resource conservation and other development factors in the host country. This information will be organised with economic and scientific information to allow decision makers to consider inputs from a range of perspectives. The research team will examine current joint implementation projects in Bolivia, Brazil and Mexico. Their research will identify how benefits are distributed, the degree to which poverty is reduced, the perceived success of the projects at local and national level, and other factors. Workshops with local community members, investors and donors, policy makers, landholders and others involved in the projects, will be used to assign weightings to the different criteria such as cost, carbon reduction, and contribution to the country's development. The resulting framework will provide guidance for different government and non-government organisations, donor agencies and private investors deciding which projects to support. As well as CDM projects, the framework will be able to evaluate other emission reduction mechanisms that allow flexibility, such as the proposed Climate Adaptation Fund.

A Tyndall Centre project will measure the contribution of potential forestry projects to sustainable development in host nations. © CSIRO More information Contact the lead investigator of Project IT1.13 (Evaluating policy options for the clean development mechanism): Dr Kate Brown School of Development Studies University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK Phone: +44 (0) 1603 593529; Fax: +44 (0) 1603 451999 Email: Other researchers involved in this project are: Dr Neil Adger, CSERGE, University of East Anglia Emily Boyd, Esteve Corbera-Elizalde, School of Development Studies, University of East Anglia Dr Simon Shackley, Manchester School of Management, UMIST Project duration: April 2001 to October 2003 Useful web sites: The Tyndall Centre: School of Development Studies, UEA: Forest sinks as a tool for climate change policy: World Resources

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IT1.13 - fact sheet

Institute information on carbon sequestration, forest sinks and development:

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