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Beginning of the Indus Valley Civilization Establishment of the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro in the Indus Valley Decline of the Indus Valley Civilization India is invaded by the Aryans from the west who drive away the Dravidians With the discovery of iron, Indo-Aryans start using iron tools One of the earliest Holy Scripture, Rig-Veda is composed Indo-Aryans rule over 16 Mahajanapadas (16 Great States) in northern India, from the Indus to the Ganges Beginning of the caste system, with the Brahmans taking the highest class The Upanishads are composed in Sanskrit Bimbisara of Bihar conquers the Magadha region in the northeast Prince Siddhartha Gautama attains enlightenment and becomes the Buddha The ascetic prince Mahavira establishes Jainism in northern India Bimbisara dies and is succeeded by Ajatashatru Ajatashatru expands the Magadha territory and dies shortly afterwards Alexander the Great of Macedonia invades the Indus valley, fights the famous battle with Porus Magadha king Chandragupta Maurya buys the Indus valley and establishes the Maurya dynasty with Pataliputra as the capital Ramayana, a famous epic is composed Chola dynasty establishes his kingdom over southern India with capital in Thanjavur Chandragupta's son Bindusara, extends the empire to the Deccan region Mauryan emperor Ashoka converts to Buddhism and sends out Buddhist missionaries to nearby regions Maurya dynasty expands to almost all of India Mahabharata, another famous epic is composed Andhras occupy the east coast of India Maurya dynasty ends and marks the beginning of Sunga dynasty Patanjali writes the "Yoga Sutras" Bhagavata Gita is composed End of Sunga dynasty Thomas, an apostle of Jesus, visits India The first Buddhist stupa is constructed at Sanchi The Manu code puts down the rules of everyday life and divides Hindus into four major castes (Brahmins, warriors, farmers/traders, non-Aryans) The Pallava dynasty is established in Kanchi The Sangam is compiled in the Tamil language in the kingdom of Madurai and the Puranas are composed Two giant Buddha statues are carved Buddhist monks in the rock at Afghanistan Chandra Gupta II extends the Gupta kingdom to Gujarat Kumaragupta builds the monastic university of Nalanda Hindu mathematician Aryabhatta writes the "Aryabhattiyam", the first book on Algebra Beginning of Bhakti cult in Tamil Nadu Gupta Empire sees a downfall due to continuous barbaric invasions Chalukyan kingdom is established in central India with capital in Badami Pallava dynasty governs southern India from Kanchi
Pratiharas rule the north of India and the Palas establish themselves in eastern India Rashtrakutas. becomes the ruler of Ferghana and establishes the Mughal dynasty in India Babur dies and his son Humayun succeeds as the next Mughal emperor Babur's son Humayun loses the empire to Afghan Leader Sher Shah and goes into exile in Persia Mughal king Humayun comes to fight Sher Shah and regains India Humayun dies and his son Akbar becomes one of the greatest rulers of India Akbar dies and is succeeded by his son Jahangir East India Company is established in India by the British Jahangir's son. Yadavas and Kakatiyas Mohammad of Ghori defeats Prithvi Raj. Malaya and the Maldives Mahipala raises the Palas to the peak of their power Chalukya Empire is split among Hoysalas. which is the capital of the GurjaraPratihara Empire Chola Empire conquers Srivijaya.ANCIE 606 AD 625 AD 647 AD 650 AD 670 AD 750 AD 753 AD 775 AD 800 AD 846 AD 885 AD 888 AD 985 AD 997 AD 998 AD 1000 AD 1019 AD 1050 AD 1084 AD 1190 AD 1192 AD 1206 AD 1250 AD 1290 AD 1325 AD 1343 AD Harsha Vardhana. The Bahmani kingdom is established in the Deccan. Vijayanagar kingdom takes over the Muslim sultanate of Madura in Tamil Nadu Guru Nanak Dev Ji establishes Sikhism and the city of Amritsar Babur. expands from the Deccan into south and central India Chalukyas defeat the Rashtrakutas and move the capital at Kalyani Many kingdoms are created in central India and in Rajastan by Rajputs Cholas get back their independence from the Pallavas Pratihara Empire reaches its peak and extends its empire from Punjab to Gujarat to Central India End of the Pallava dynasty Rajaraja Chola extends the Chola Empire to all of south India and constructs the temple of Thanjavur Mahmud of Ghazni raids northern India Mahmud of Ghazni conquers the area of Punjab Chola king Rajaraja builds the Brihadeshvara Temple in Thanjavur Mahmud Ghazni attacks north India and destroys Kannauj. Prince Khurram receives the title of Shah Jahan Shivaji establishes the Maratha kingdom 1497 AD 1530 AD 1540 AD 1555 AD 1556 AD 1605 AD 1611 AD 1617 AD 1627 AD MEDIEVAL INDIA 1345 AD 1370 AD 1490 AD . a ruler of Afghan. captures Delhi and establishes a Muslim sultanate at Delhi The Ghurid prince Qutub-ud-din Aibak becomes the first sultan of Delhi Chola dynasty comes to an end Jalal ud-Din Firuz establishes the Khilji sultanate at Delhi The Turks invade and Muhammad bin Tughlaq becomes sultan of Delhi The southern kingdom builds its capital at Vijayanagar (Hampi) Muslim nobles revolt against Muhammad bin Tughlaq and declare their independence from the Delhi sultanate. a Chalukya dynasty. a Buddhist king builds the kingdom of Thanesar in north India and Nepal with capital at Kannauj in the Punjab Pulikesin extends the Chalukyan Empire in central India King Harsha Vardhana is defeated by the Chalukyas at Malwa Pallavas of Kanchipuram are defeated by the Chalukyas Pallavas establish themselves at a new city at Mamallapuram Gurjara .
Telangana and other princely states integrated in Indian union .Second war with Pakistan over Kashmir.Cripps Mission is formed . Dr Rajendra Prasad is the first President of India. First Round Table Conference takes place Second Round Table Conference takes place and Irwin-Gandhi Pact is signed Civil Disobedience Movement is called off . .1631 AD 1658 AD 1707 AD 1751 AD 1757 AD 1761 AD 1764 AD 1769 AD 1773 AD 1793 AD 1799 AD 1829 AD 1831 AD 1848 AD 1853 AD 1857 AD 1858 AD 1877 AD 1885 AD 1899 AD 1905 AD 1906 AD 1912 AD 1919 AD 1920 AD 1922 AD 1928 AD 1930 AD 1931 AD 1934 AD Shah Jahan succeeds Jahangir and builds the world famous Taj Mahal Shah Jahan's son Aurangzeb seizes power Aurangzeb dies. Permanent Settlement of Bengal British defeat Tipu Sultan Prohibition of Sati by law Administration of Mysore is taken over by East India Company Lord Dalhousie becomes the Governor-General of India Railway. ceasefire declared 1942 AD 1947 AD 1948 AD 1950 AD 1952 AD 1956 AD 1962 AD 1964 AD 1965 AD MODERN INDIA . destabilizing the Mughal Empire Britain becomes the leading colonial power in India British defeat Siraj-ud-daulah at the Battle of Plassey Marathas rule over most of northern India Britain expands to Bengal and Bihar A famine kills ten million people in Bengal and the East India Company does nothing to help them Warren Hastings.Quit India Movement is launched . .Partition of India and Independence from the British rule . postal services & telegraph line introduced in India First War of Indian Independence also known as Revolt of 1857 or Sepoy Mutiny British Crown officially takes over the Indian Government Queen of England is proclaimed as the Empress of India First meeting of the Indian National Congress Lord Curzon becomes Governor-General and Viceroy of India The First Partition of Bengal takes place Muslim League is formed The Imperial capital shifted to Delhi from Calcutta The cruel Jallianwalla Bagh massacre takes place due to protests against the Rowlatt Act Non-cooperation Movement launched Chauri-Chaura violence takes place due to Civil Disobedience Movement Simon Commission comes to India and is boycotted by all parties Salt Satyagraha is launched as an agitation against salt tax. . . .Congress Party wins first general elections under leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru .India loses brief border war with China. . Regulating Act passed by the British.India becomes a Republic.Hundreds of thousands die in widespread communal bloodshed after partition.Indian National Army is formed .War with Pakistan over disputed territory of Kashmir.The states are reorganized on a linguistic basis .Lord Mountbatten's plan for partition of India comes into light .Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse. governor of Bengal establishes a monopoly on the sale of opium.Death of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
.K. .Indira Gandhi's Congress Party loses general elections.Congress suffers worst ever electoral defeat as Hindu nationalist BJP emerges as largest single party.US President Bill Clinton makes a groundbreaking visit to improve ties .Rajiv Gandhi's Congress defeated in ninth general elections.Vajpayee makes historic bus trip to Pakistan to meet Premier Nawaz Sharif and to sign bilateral Lahore peace declaration.Hindu extremists demolish mosque in Ayodhya. . . .Goa becomes the 25th state of India. .000 dead.Indira Gandhi assassinated by Sikh bodyguards.Sikhs' most holy shrine . triggering widespread Hindu-Muslim violence.P Singh comes to power .Operation Blue Star: Troops storm Golden Temple . .Third war with Pakistan over creation of Bangladesh. I. . .D.Tashkent Agreement reached. . Gujaral sworn in Prime Minister. Seventh general elections held . Rajiv.Tension in Kashmir leads to brief war with Pakistan-backed forces in the icy heights around Kargil in Indian-held Kashmir.Twenty-year treaty of friendship signed with Soviet Union.May .Indian troops withdrawn from Sri Lanka. . . . . . .VP Singh Govt Falls .India explodes first nuclear device in underground test in Pokhran. . Congress (Indira). .May . .Minority government led by Janata Dal's V.United Front Coalition forms government under Prime Minister H. following which her son.1966 AD 1971 AD 1972 AD 1974 AD AFTER CHRIST 1975 AD 1977 AD 1979 AD 1980 AD 1984 AD 1987 AD 1989 AD 1990 AD 1991 AD 1992 AD 1996 AD 1997 AD 1998 AD 1999 AD 2000 AD . .Janta Party comes to power .India deploys troops for peacekeeping operation in Sri Lanka's ethnic conflict . Rajasthan . .Janata Party splits.Economic reform programme begun by Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao.India carries out nuclear tests. .Nehru's daughter Indira Gandhi becomes prime minister. formerly East Pakistan.Rajiv Gandhi assassinated by suicide bomber sympathetic to Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers. Shastri dies at Tashkent.Indira Gandhi declares state of emergency after being found guilty of electoral malpractice. Deve Gowda .Nearly 1.Shimla agreement signed between India and Pakistan.Emergency Removed . .February .Congress withdraws support to coalition government.Cyclone devastates eastern state of Orissa. .to flush out Sikh militants pressing for self-rule.India marks the birth of its billionth citizen. leading to widespread international condemnation.000 political opponents imprisoned and programme of compulsory birth control introduced.Indira Gandhi returns to power heading Congress party splinter group. takes over. until May 28. . leaving at least 10. .May 16 AB Vajpayee is PM. .October .BJP forms coalition government under Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee.Muslim separatist groups begin campaign of violence in Kashmir.
mainly Muslims.000 people in Indian-administered Kashmir.At least 50 people are killed in two simultaneous bomb blasts in Bombay.000 people are killed in floods and landslides caused by monsoon rains in Mumbai (Bombay) and Maharashtra region.Vajpayee's BJP party declines his offer to resign over a number of political scandals and the apparent failure of his talks with Pakistani President Musharraf. along with Brazil.US lifts sanctions which it imposed against India and Pakistan after they staged nuclear tests in 1998. . die in subsequent riots. 2004 AD 2005 AD INDEPENDENT INDIA .More than 1.Massive earthquakes hit the western state of Gujarat.November . .July .26 January . . caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake off the Indonesian coast. launches an application for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council.December .India imposes sanctions against Pakistan.January .A high-powered rocket is launched.off its eastern coast . . .Pakistan test-fires three medium-range surface-to-surface Ghauri missiles. The five gunmen die in the assault. to force it to take action against two Kashmir militant groups blamed for the suicide attack on parliament. devastate coastal communities in the south and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.India begins to withdraw some of its troops from Kashmir. . US urge their citizens to leave India and Pakistan.December .December .India.India matches Pakistan's declaration of a Kashmir ceasefire. . leaving at least 30. kills more than 1. .Retired scientist and architect of India's missile programme APJ Abdul Kalam is elected president.the Agni . .February . which are capable of carrying nuclear warheads.Surprise victory for Congress Party in general elections. . adding India to the club of countries able to fire big satellites deep into space. with its epicentre in Pakistani-administered Kashmir. . Gujarat. Pakistan agree to resume direct air links and to allow overflights. War of words between Indian and Pakistani leaders intensifies. . More than 1.Thousands are killed when tidal waves.August . . Germany and Japan.2001 AD 2002 AD 2003 AD . .India successfully test-fires a nuclear-capable ballistic missile . The move is seen as a reward for their support for the US-led anti-terror campaign .October . killing several police. .May .May . . while maintaining diplomatic offensive to avert war.June .July .India fires on Pakistani military posts in the heaviest firing along the dividing line of control in Kashmir for almost a year . The meeting ends without a breakthrough or even a joint statement because of differences over Kashmir.UK.Vajpayee meets Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf in the first summit between the two neighbours in more than two years.Inter-religious bloodshed breaks out after 59 Hindu pilgrims returning from Ayodhya are killed in a train fire in Godhra.An earthquake.India.Suicide squad attacks parliament in New Delhi. Actual war seems imminent. .December .September .000 people.8 October . Manmohan Singh is sworn in as prime minister.September .January .November . . Pakistan retaliates with similar .July .Groundbreaking meeting held between government and moderate Kashmir separatists.000 dead.July .
India announces "pause" in peace process with Pakistan.July .India successfully launches its first mission to the moon.Congress-led governing coalition survives vote of confidence brought after left-wing parties withdraw their support over controversial nuclear cooperation deal with US. . in Gujarat state.9.Nearly 200 people are killed and hundreds injured in a series of co-ordinated attacks by gunmen on the main tourist and business area of India's financial capital Mumbai. 2009 AD . . aimed at lifting around 60 million families out of poverty.May . are killed by bomb blasts and a blaze on a train travelling from New Delhi to the Pakistani city of Lahore.India says the number of its people with HIV or AIDS is about half of earlier official tallies. .February .Following approval by the US Congress.US and India sign a nuclear agreement during a visit by US President George W Bush. The little-known group Indian Mujahideen claims responsibility.February . . .February .November . Health ministry figures put the total at between 2 million and 3. The US gives India access to civilian nuclear technology while India agrees to greater scrutiny for its nuclear programme.Series of explosions kills 49 in Ahmedabad. carrying an Italian satellite.April . only 11 seats short of an absolute majority.At least nine people are killed in a bomb explosion at the main mosque in Hyderabad. .India and Russia sign deals worth $700m. which ends a three-decade ban on US nuclear trade with Delhi. Several others are killed in subsequent rioting. several left-wing and regional parties form new alliance to oppose government. .Resounding general election victory gives governing Congress-led alliance of PM Manmohan Singh an enhanced position in parliament.India's largest-ever rural jobs scheme is launched. .Maoist rebels in Chhattisgarh state kill more than 50 policemen in a dawn attack .18 February .May .2006 AD 2007 AD 2008 AD . saying it has been tainted by corruption. the unmanned lunar probe Chandrayaan1.July . . .October .India and Pakistan sign an agreement aimed at reducing the risk of accidental nuclear war.May .Pratibha Patil becomes first woman to be elected president of India. most of them Pakistanis. President George W Bush signs into law a nuclear deal with India. . compared with previous estimates of more than 5 million.March . .July . . Indian cricket team cancels .1 million cases.July . . After the vote.India's first commercial space rocket is launched.Hu Jintao makes the first visit to India by a Chinese president in a decade. .68 passengers. . . . according to which Moscow will supply uranium to Delhi.Trial of sole surviving suspect in Mumbai attacks begins.US President George W.December .April .December . Bush approves a controversial law allowing India to buy US nuclear reactors and fuel for the first time in 30 years.November .4% in the year to March.Government announces its strongest economic growth figures for 20 years .March . India blames militants from Pakistan for the attacks and demands that Islamabad take strong action against those responsible.