T2.

44 - fact sheet

http://tyndall.e-collaboration.co.uk/publications/fact_sheets/untitled/t2_...

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Interactions between tourists, birds and climate change at the coast
Tourists are attracted to coastal areas not just by beaches but also by the region's animal and plant life. However, the presence of people can affect the survival of birds that breed in coastal habitats. Sea level rise and climate change in East Anglia are likely to change the size of beaches and increase extreme weather events, which will affect tourist distribution and also influence biodiversity. These interactions need to be understood so decision-makers can manage changes and allow tourists and birdlife to adapt. Professor William Sutherland, from the University of East Anglia's School of Biological Sciences, and colleagues are linking simulations of human decision-making with simulations of species distribution to model the preferences of tourists and birds and assess their future distribution. With the assistance of local authorities, they will initially measure tourist distribution by videoing coastal areas from an aeroplane and visiting sites to record infrastructure and beach width. They will also survey bird species and habitats by visiting beaches along the entire Norfolk coast. The researchers will assess tourist choices by combining the information about current tourist movements with information about weather, tide, beach quality and facilities, road access and socio-economic data from the UK Census. They will then use scenarios of future climate and sea level change to determine changes in tourism and bird nesting patterns. Both people and birds rank locations and pick the best available, so similar theories will be used to model their future distributions. The results will provide an understanding of tourist choices so planners can decide what structural changes need to be introduced to protect sections of the coastline and the consequences of such changes. The researchers will design the models to be readily integrated with the Tyndall Centre's Regional Coastal Simulator so climate change impacts on beach structure and weather can be linked with tourism and biodiversity.

Researchers are integrating climate models of coastline changes, social models of human decisions and ecological models of bird populations to predict the effects of climate change and responses such as managed realignment on future tourist distribution and biodiversity. Credit: © M. Robinson More information Contact the lead investigator of Project T2.44 (Interactions between tourism, biodiversity and climate change in the coastal zone): Professor William Sutherland School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK

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T2.44 - fact sheet

http://tyndall.e-collaboration.co.uk/publications/fact_sheets/untitled/t2_...

Phone: +44 (0) 1603 59 2778; Fax: +44 (0) 1603 59 2250 Email: w.sutherland@uea.ac.uk Other researchers involved in this project are: Professor Ian Bateman, Dr Jennifer Gill, Dr Andy Jones, Professor Robert Sugden and Professor Andrew Watkinson, University of East Anglia Dr Mikis Tsimplis, Southampton Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton Dr Durwyn Liley, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds Mr Neil Warren, East of England Tourist Board Project duration: January 2003 to December 2003 Useful web sites: The Tyndall Centre: www.tyndall.ac.uk Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation: www.uea.ac.uk/ceec Royal Society for the Protection of Birds: www.rspb.org.uk

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