his article is about the 1991 novel by Bret Easton Ellis.

For the film adaptatio n, see American Psycho (film). For other uses, see American Psycho (disambiguati on). American Psycho AmericanPsychoBook.jpg First English hardcover edition cover of the book. Author Bret Easton Ellis Genre(s) Transgressional fiction, Novel Publisher Vintage Books, New York Publication date 1991 Pages 416 ISBN 9780679735779 OCLC Number 22308330 Dewey Decimal 813/.54 20 LC Classification PS3555.L5937 A8 1991 American Psycho is a psychological thriller and satirical novel by Bret Easton E llis, published in 1991. The story is told in the first person by the protagonis t, serial killer and Manhattan businessman Patrick Bateman. The book's graphic v iolence and sexual content generated a great deal of controversy before and afte r publication. A film adaptation starring Christian Bale was released in 2000 to generally favorable reviews.[1] The Observer notes that while "some countries [ deem it] so potentially disturbing that it can only be sold shrink-wrapped", "cr itics rave about it" and "academics revel in its transgressive and postmodern qu alities".[2] In 2008, it was confirmed that producers Craig Roessler and Jesse S inger were developing a musical adaptation of the novel to appear on Broadway. Contents [hide] * 1 Development * 2 Synopsis * 3 Characters o 3.1 Major characters o 3.2 Minor characters * 4 Bateman's personality * 5 Murder descriptions * 6 Controversy * 7 Adaptations * 8 See also * 9 References [edit] Development Ellis researched murders at the New York Public Library. His first draft of Amer ican Psycho left all the grisly scenes until last, to be added in later. To one reviewer, Ellis comments: [Bateman] was crazy the same way [I was]. He did not come out of me sitt ing down and wanting to write a grand sweeping indictment of yuppie culture. It initiated because my own isolation and alienation at a point in my life. I was l iving like Patrick Bateman. I was slipping into a consumerist kind of void that was supposed to give me confidence and make me feel good about myself but just m ade me feel worse and worse and worse about myself. That is where the tension of "American Psycho" came from. It wasn't that I was going to make up this serial killer on Wall Street. High concept. Fantastic. It came from a much more persona l place, and that's something that I've only been admitting in the last year or so. I was so on the defensive because of the reaction to that book that I wasn't able to talk about it on that level.[3] Wiki letter w.svg This section requires expansion. [edit] Synopsis

He works as a vice president at a Wall Street investment company and lives in an expensive Manhattan apartment on the Upper West Side. The first third of the book contains no violence (except for subtle references a pparent only in retrospect). rape. from his daily life among the upper-class elite of New York to his forays into murder by nightfall. and tries to a void the attention of Luis Carruthers. Bateman comes from a privileged background. and being ordered by an ATM to feed it a stray cat. Bateman's mental state appears increa singly questionable. Bateman also speaks about his "love" l ife. as though meant to hide a bad odour. being stalked by an anthropomorphic park bench. Bateman's control over his violent urges deteriorates. having graduated from St. cannibal ism. Bateman describes incidents such as seeing a Cheerio inter viewed on a talk show. and necrophilia. additionally. Bateman enters a perfectly clean. where they snort cocaine. manipulates his secretary's feelings for him. Towards the end of the novel. Patrick Bateman himsel f also briefly appears in said novel). or otherwise completely misunderstand him ("murders and ex ecutions" is mistaken for "mergers and acquisitions". Bateman also documents his relationship with his estrange d family. but with many strong-smellin g flowers. which range from such mundanities as renting videotapes and m aking dinner reservations to committing brutal murders. Paul's Sch ool. th e estate agent says that there was none. People react as if Bateman is joking with them. Harvard (class of 1984). and the events in the novel draw into question whether he h as actually committed any of the murders he has described. He runs into a real estate agent showing the apartment to prospective buyers. and is simply an account of what seems to be a seri es of Friday nights. and then Harvard Business School (class of 1986). T he description of his murders become increasingly sadistic and complex. he visits an apartment where he has been stockpili ng mutilated bodies. his office. Bateman begins to describe his dayto-day activities. progress ing from stabbings to drawn out sequences of torture. he frequently solicits sex with attractive wo men ("hardbodies"). As the book progresses. critique fellow club-goers' cloth ing. for example). and ni ghtclubs. to his amazement. 26 years old when the story begins. a closeted homosexual colleague who confe sses his love for him. American Psycho spans r oughly three years in the life of wealthy young investment banker Patrick Batema n. though he possesses no deep feelings for anyone. Huey Lewis and the News and Whitney Houston. refurbi shed apartment with no trace of decomposing bodies. where he embodies the 198 0s yuppie culture. he d escribes his conversations with colleagues in bars and cafes. whom he visits in a nursing home. ap pear not to hear him. In addition to describing his daily life. Beginning with the second third of the book. trade fashion advice. Through present tense stream-of-consciousness narrative. narrates his everyday activities . When Bateman pretends that he did. specifically Ge nesis. including his senile mother. mutilation. Bateman. He is engaged to a fellow yuppie named Evelyn. and that he should leave and not cause any trouble. "His mask of sanity appears to slip" as he introduces stor ies about serial killers into casual conversations. As the book nears its conclusion. The estate agent asks him if he sa w the advertisement in the New York Times.Set in Manhattan and beginning on April Fools' Day 1989. as Bateman documents travelling with his colleagues to a va riety of nightclubs. one of the protago nists from Ellis's earlier novel The Rules of Attraction. Bateman's stream of cons ciousness is occasionally broken up by chapters in which Bateman directly addres ses the reader in order to critique the work of 1980s musicians. and his younger brother. . and question one another on proper etiquette. a hedonistic college dropout (Sean Bateman. and confesses his murderous activities to his co-workers.

part of a social foursome alongside Bateman. who mistakes Bateman for someone els e.Bateman's colleague. who is in love with him. * Courtney Lawrence . after a date. * Vanden . * Alex Tang .Bateman's secretary. * Paul Owen .Bateman's colleague. reappears as a main character in Ellis's later novel Glamora ma. where she is involved with the lead character. Carnes reproaches Bateman f or laying the list of crimes at his feet. Characters are consisten tly introduced as other people.Evelyn Williams cousin from the East Village.Bateman's best friend and colleague. * Craig McDermott . [edit] Characters [edit] Major characters * Patrick Bateman .Gay co-worker who is in love with Bateman. Challenged by Bateman on the di sappearance of Paul Owen a colleague whom Bateman hacked to death out of profess ional jealousy Carnes unexpectedly claims that he had dinner.An old girlfriend of Patrick's whom. Whether any of the crimes depicted in the nove l actually happened. * Sean Bateman younger brother of Patrick Bateman and also the lead characte r of The Rules of Attraction. is amused at what he considers to be a good joke. * Timothy Price . * Bethany . created by Ellis' friend Jay M cInerney in his novel Story of My Life[4] and based on McInerney's former girlfr iend Rielle Hunter. Victor Ward. * Paul Denton friend of Paul Owen. as Bateman sits in a bar. an allusion to the gates of hell portrayed in Dante's Divine Comedy. something whi ch disgusts him. Later appears as a te enager in Ellis' novel The Informers. Carnes. * Evelyn Williams . he murders in a particularly heinous manner.The video store receptionist. reading Abandon all hope ye who enter here. * Luis Carruthers . * Christopher Armstrong Bateman's colleague at Pierce & Pierce. [edit] Minor characters * Christie A prostitute. . also part of Bateman's main social group. or argue over the identities of people they can see in restaurants or at parties. Timothy Price and David Van Patten * David Van Patten . who also appears in The Rules of Attracti on where he is possibly romantically involved with Patrick's brother Sean. in London. The ambiguity is heightened by the fact that mist aken identity is a recurring theme throughout the book. * Jean .Bateman confronts Harold Carnes. and further says that Bateman is far t oo much of a coward to have committed such acts. staring at a sign that reads "This is not an ex it". * Alison Poole Sexually assaulted by Bateman. employed and abused sexually on multiple occasions by Bateman. the book ends with a similar scene. The opening lines of the book have Timothy Price staring at graffiti on a Chemic al Bank building.Luis' girlfriend who is having an affair with Bateman. on whose answering machine he has p reviously confessed all his crimes. or were simply the fantasies of a delusional psychotic. Paul Owen repeatedly mistakes Batem an for Marcus. is deliberately left open.The central character and narrator.Bateman's fiancée. * Marcus Halberstam Bateman's colleague. with Pa ul Owen a few days previously. * Donald Kimball Private detective hired to investigate Paul Owen's disappea rance. his lawyer. which is a direct reference to Jean-Paul Sartre's play No Exit (from which the famous quote "Hell is other people" is derived).Bateman's colleague who is later murdered by Bateman.

Vintage Books purchased the rights to the novel and published the book after the customary editing process. Bateman exemplifies the image of the successful Manhattan e xecutive. want. After pulling the tube out he continues to saw her in half with a chainsaw. On first appearance. Others include Bat eman's murder of a child at the New York City Zoo... and appears an expert in fashion and highend consumer products. thought ful young man. [edit] Murder descriptions American Psycho generated a great deal of controversy for Ellis's graphic descri ption of Bateman's murders.. as well as the killing of a d og. intelligent. he is well-educated. [edit] Controversy The book was originally to have been published by Simon & Schuster in March 1991 . and has sex with corpses.[edit] Bateman's personality Main article: Patrick Bateman Christian Bale as Patrick Bateman in the film adaptation. and even noting articles like pens. Bateman forces a tube into a woman's vagina an d lets a rat loose inside of her. Bateman incisively answers his friends' and co-workers' queries. U pon questioning. B ateman uses personal limousines to search for suitable victims in the streets. but is in reality a violent sociopath who tortures and murders pe ople. rapes several women. Many include some form of sexual abuse or torture by Bateman. "I. in his own words.[5] Ellis re ceived numerous death threats and hate mail after the publication of American Ps ycho. Bateman's envy of his peer s runs throughout the novel. Despite these advantages. which tie knot is less bulky than a Windso r knot. He has a general tendency to pay more heed to the designer. Bateman is extremely style-conscious. His father ow ns another successful company. Bateman panics when he realizes a friend's card is superior to his because i t includes a watermark. Many of the m urders themselves involve various forms of mutilation.. and pocket squares.. In one section of the novel. popular with women. Bateman's employment at Pierce & Pierce is apparently unnecessary. chic apartment complex. and style of the items he des cribes. the sole justification for still working is. pocket square." Because he doesn't need to work. as well as scenes in which Bateman cooks and eats human body parts. has a high-paying job and lives in an ups cale. he usually comes to work late sometimes by more than an hour an d indulges in long lunches. he is supreme i n his own world. The book was never published in hardcover form in th e United States. often ignoring the textile type or color. cannibalizes his victims. and tie bar. but the company withdrew from the project because of "aesthetic differences". belongs to a prominent family. chewing on strips of skin I ripped from her body". fit. focusing particularly on attire. In his narrative. In a scene in which characters compare business car ds. he obsessively describes his and other people's possessions in exhaustive detail. Bateman at one point says that he tries to "make meat loaf out of the girl but it becomes too frustrating a task and instead I spend the afternoon smearing her meat all over the walls. in. which is revealed during a conversation between P atrick and his ex-girlfriend when she inquires as to why he would work at P&P. he repeatedly expresses a converse loathing of poor people. including genital mutilat ion. and the proper way to wear a cummerbund. to. wealthy. Just as Bateman is obsessed with wealth and symbols of i t. Bateman passes for a refined. in which graphic language is used to describe the scene. Ellis also provides detailed descriptions of Batem an examining the internal organs of some of his victims after murdering them.. place of purchase..[6][7] Feminist activist Gloria Steinem was among those opposed to the release of Ellis . abreast of cultural trends.. although a deluxe paperback was eventually offered. authoritatively explicating the difference be tween various types of mineral water.

or criminal prosecution may result.. the novel is available to those over 1 8 from all public libraries and can still be ordered and purchased (shrink-wrapp ed) from many book stores despite this prohibition. its sale is theoretically banned in the state of Queensland and it may only be purchased shrink-wrapped. In Germany. the book is sold shrink-wrapped and is classified "R18" under nati onal censorship legislation.co. Along with other Category 1 publicatio ns.co.californiachronicle.com produced an audio version of American Psycho. Jeff (July 2010). ^ Messier. In Brisbane.uprm.com/daily/intel/2008/08/al low_bret_easton_ellis_to_int. ^ Kelly. narrated by P ablo Schreiber. In Australia. Steinem is also the st epmother of Christian Bale. the book was deemed "harmful to minors. Chapter Pornog raphy and Violence: The Dialectics of Transgression in Bret Easton Ellis's Ameri can Psycho provides an in-depth analysis of the novel. ^ Baker. ^ "Allow Bret Easton Ellis to Introduce You to Alison Poole.ew.uk. Audible. who portrayed Bateman in the film adaptation of the novel. http://grad.pdf. 4. The book may not be sold to those under 18 years of age. the Government's Office of Film & Literature Classification has rated the book as R18. A. as part of its Modern Vanguard line of audiobooks. http://www. http://nymag. Retrieved 2010-06-28. ^ Metacritic reviews for American Psycho 2.com/ew/article/0. gu ardian. 3. 7.gov. ^ Government of Australia National Classification Scheme http://www.[8] In New Zealand.com/ibtimes/?Page=MediaViewer&GUID=9742903 &Ticker=AMZN Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: American Psycho [hide] v d e . "Q&A: Bret Easton Ellis talks about writing nov els. ^ Audible Announces New Modern Vanguard Line of Audiobooks.edu /tesis/messiervartan.318714.nsf/d853f429dd038ae1ca25759b0003557c/2023ef4569c569 7eca2576710078a49f!OpenDocument 9. This coincidence is mentioned in Ellis' mock memoir Lunar Park. The book may not be sold or lent in libraries to those un der 18 years of age. Retrieved 2010-07-09. ^ http://www.ibtimes. Dissertation Abstracts International 43 (4): 1085 ff. [edit] Adaptations Main article: American Psycho (film) In 2009. Retrieved 2008-08-06.uk/books/2010/jun/27/imperial -bedrooms-bret-easton-ellis-book-review.html 6. and Su bversion from Matthew Lewis's The Monk to Bret Easton Ellis's American Psycho" ( pdf). New York Magazine. (University of Puerto Rico." and its sales and marketing were severely restricted from 1995 to 2000.classi fication. Rielle Hunter". Alison (2010-06-27). It is generally sold shrink wrapped in bookstores.[9] [edit] See also * * * * American Psycho (film) Aestheticization of violence Transgressive fiction Unreliable narrator [edit] References 1.A. http://www. "Canons of Transgression: Shock. California Chronicle.com/ar ticles/yb/147172399. Scandal.guardian.00. making movies". Vartan (2005).' book because of its portrayal of violence toward women. The Observer. International Business Times http://markets. "Imperial Bedrooms by Bret Easton Ellis". 5. 2008-08-06.html.au/www/cob/find.K. ^ Bret Easton Ellis at the Internet Movie Database 8. Mayaguez).

wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Psycho" Categories: 1991 novels Fiction with unreliable narrators Novels by Bret Eas ton Ellis Postmodern literature Satirical books Cannibalism Books about traders American thriller novels American novels adapted into films Hidden categories: Articles to be expanded from July 2010 All articles to be e xpanded Personal tools * New features * Log in / create account Namespaces * Article * Discussion Variants Views * Read * Edit * View history Actions Search Search Navigation * * * * * * Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate Interaction * * * * * Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact Wikipedia Toolbox * * * * What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages .Works by Bret Easton Ellis Novels Less Than Zero (1985) · The Rules of Attraction (1987) · American Psycho (1991) · Glam orama (1998) · Lunar Park (2005) · Imperial Bedrooms (2010) Short fiction The Informers (1994) Film adaptations Less Than Zero (1987) · American Psycho (2000) · The Rules of Attraction (2002) · Glit terati (2004) · The Informers (2009) Retrieved from "http://en.

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