You are on page 1of 6

AN OVERVIEW OF EZEKIEL

CH 1 OUTLINE
PART ONE Vision of YHWH Call and Commissionin g of Ezekiel

CONTENT
JUDGEMENT ON JUDAH In Babylon, Ezekiel sees the throne seat 1:4-28 of YHWH
Theophany 2:1-7 Speech 2:8-3:3 Act 3:4-11 Speech 3:12-15 Theophany

IMAGE/ THEMES
Four living creatures Intersecting wheels Glory of the Lord A Rebellious House The scroll of lament Hardened & Obstinate People Spirit lifts Ez Up v.12 Clay tablet, iron pan, fasting, human excrement, pooh!

THEOLOGY
The presence of the Lord is with Israel in Babylon, not attached to Jerusalem Temple See Woodhouse, Block on use of ruach (wind, spirit) Ez obedient to the words of YHWH where Israel failed, set apart as YHWH’s servant, conversion experience. Israel has failed to listen to YHWH and will not listen to Ez At Kebar, Ez unable to speak, subject to YHWH’s control. Prob: Ezekiel to speak to individuals, not whole nation These acts symbolise YHWH’s judgment upon Israel. Questions are raised over the dating in terms of who is being judged, Judah or Israel, or both

2

YHWH speaks to Ezekiel and sends him to the Exiles Ezekiel is commissioned to prophesy & be a watchman ® to Tel Abib

3
Ezekiel acts out the Judgement to come upon Judah
4:1-3 Model of Jerusalem 4:4-8 Lying on left and right 4:9-17 Eating famine rations 5:1-4 Shaving 5:5-17 Oracle of Judgement

4

Ezekiel builds a model of Jerusalem and lays siege to it Ezekiel commanded to complete torturous acts, portraying the judgement on Israel

5
Oracle against the Mountains Oracle against the Land Idolatry in the Temple Courts in Jerusalem Slaughter of city idolaters vs. Mark on lamenters

After the siege, Ezekiel is to shed his hair Judgement against high places – Israel’s idolatry

Plague, famine, sword, destruction of Jerusalem centre

6 7 8

Detestable Practices
(DP)

Judgement is imminent. YHWH will pour out his wrath against the nation

Judgement against the violence in the land of Israel
1-4 Ez transported to Jerusalem 5-6 1st DP: image of jealousy 7-13 2nd DP: animal worship 14-15 3rd DP: weeping for Tammuz 16-18 4th DP: sun worship 1-2 The summoning of the guards 3-7 The despatch of the guards 8 Ezekiel’s protest 9-10 YHWH’s response 11 The report of the guards

Ezekiel is shown the idolatry of the Jerusalem cult. Man in Linen commanded to slaughter all those without the mark of YHWH because the Land is full of bloodshed

Idols and false worship, temple courts Theme of the Remnant Slaughter and bloodshed

From Ezekiel 8 – 11 YHWH’s glory is removed from the Jerusalem Temple: YHWH is driven from his sanctuary. YHWH promises to deal with the priesthood and eldership who are responsible for promoting idolatry Glory of YHWH is lifted above the sanctuary. This act of judgement is the first stage of the judgement announced in 8:18

9

OVERVIEW OF EZEKIEL ©2001 STEPHEN MORSE - PAGE 1 OF 6

10

The City in flames Oracle against the Leaders

11

1-8 man in linen ordered to Glory of the Lord departs destroy the city from the temple as it is 9-22 YHWH mounts chariot to destroyed by fire leave the city 1-4 a. Spirit lifts Ez up ® East of Temple 5-12 b. Ez prophesies against leaders 13 c. Death of Pelatiah and Ez reaction 14-21 b. Ez prophesies to fellow exiles 22-25 a. Glory departs, Spirits lifts Ez up ® to Babylonia

Coal scattered over the city by Cherubim The slain will be meat in the city: ‘a cooking pot’

Glory departs Jerusalem: YHWH’s kingship removed: burning city is final part of the judgement Glory moves East to the Mountains, Ezekiel transported by the Spirit to Babylonia: YHWH has completely abandoned Israel: the remnant are those who YHWH will give a new heart - Ez 37 (compare with 11:19)

12

Oracle to the Prince of Israel

Ezekiel performs a sign act of the exile. Judgement is immanent on Jerusalem

OVERVIEW OF EZEKIEL ©2001 STEPHEN MORSE - PAGE 2 OF 6

AN OVERVIEW OF EZEKIEL
CH 13 14 15 OUTLINE
Oracle against the Prophets Oracle against Idolatry Judgment by Fire Israel’s Adultery Judged Analogy of the Vine YHWH asserts His sovereignty Lament for Princes of Israel Message to the Elders Judgement by Sword Israel to be scattered Two Woman Siege of Jerusalem

CONTENT
Judgement upon the false prophets Elders of Israel accused of setting up idols in their hearts Israel is a vine which will be destroyed as wood for fire 1-44 YHWH expresses his relationship to Israel as a father caring for an infant. Israel grew up to be a harlot 45-59 Samaria, Israel and Edom 60-63 The Covenant will be restored Israel’s political arrangements with Egypt and Babylon characterised and explained Israel’s future indicated Judgement of Israel justified – ‘every living soul belongs to me’. The Law expounded The exodus and the exile 1-39 Failure uphold the Law and repel sins of the fathers 40-48 Promise to restore Israel on the Holy Mountain Announcement of destruction by the sword of the Lord: Babylon Israel will be a scorn to the nations and the people will be scattered Oholah: Samaria, Ohoilbah: Israel – prostitutes Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem. Ezekiel’s wife dies, Ezekiel is not to mourn – sign act for Jerusalem JUDGEMENT ON THE NATIONS Judgment on Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia Judgment: Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon will destroy Tyre Lament for Tyre, The Jewel of the East 1-19 Ruler a god who falls, and a king in Eden, upon the mountain of God, who falls from the fullness of wisdom 20-26 Judgment: Nebuchadnezzar will destroy Egypt Restoration: Egypt will be an example for Israel

IMAGE/THEMES

THEOLOGY

16

Baby, naked, innocent, lustful

Compare with Hosea

17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

22-24 Israel will be replanted and grow to become a splendid cedar on a high mountain

Lions Israel will serve YHWH on His Holy Mountain

Cooking pot

PART TWO 25 Minor Nations Tyre

26 27 28 29

Tyre King of Tyre King of Sidon Pharaoh of Egypt

Eden, fiery stones, wisdom, garden

Relates the theme of King in His Garden, who is this pre-existent ruler in the garden of God (see H.G. May, 1962)

OVERVIEW OF EZEKIEL ©2001 STEPHEN MORSE - PAGE 3 OF 6

30 31

North Africa Egypt

Judgment on Egypt, Cush, Lydia, Put, Arabia Comparison with Assyria, Egypt will be brought down

A Cedar in Lebanon

CT in Garden imagery, Tree in the Garden (Edenic)

OVERVIEW OF EZEKIEL ©2001 STEPHEN MORSE - PAGE 4 OF 6

AN OVERVIEW OF EZEKIEL
CH 32 OUTLINE
Pharaoh of Egypt

CONTENT
Lament for Egypt. Summary of the judgement on the Nations

IMAGE/THEMES
A lion among the nations

THEOLOGY

PART THREE HOPE FOR THE PEOPLE OF GOD THE NATURE OF RESTORATION Watchman 01-20 Ezekiel called to be a watchman – see Ch 3 21-22 The Fall of Jerusalem 33 Message 1 23-33 validity of the Abrahamic Promises Problem of faulty leadership under review 34 Message 2 Removal of Israel’s enemies: Judgement of Edom 35 Message 3 Message 4 01-15 Discussion of possible threats continues 16-23 Israel’s Idolatry in the Land 24- YHWH will gather Israel from the nations for His 36 name’s sake – a new heart and spirit, the heart of flesh Message 5 01-08 Breath enters to form bodies 09-14 Breath to give life 37 15-28 Two Sticks – reunited people Message 6 Judgement of Gog of Magog

The Land Shepherds & Sheep Mt Seir To the Mountains Yahweh will rule through a Davidic Prince not King Restoration and renewal not based on Dt blessings and curses but upon Divine fidelity. Notion of inward guidance through the Spirit for all. YHWH will dwell within his people by His Spirit. Land Restored... Clear ref to Gen 2:7, YHWH breathes life into Adam. New life through the Spirit of God – Recreation. Promise of sanctuary amongst the people of God Potential reference to end times of Messianic Age. YHWH will display his holiness and sovereignty throughout the entire world Only Zadokites can minister from the house of Levi, worship is central

Valley of Dry Bones

38 39

40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

Temple Described

THE NEW TEMPLE/COSMIC MOUNTAIN Ezekiel taken to a very high mountain, spiritual transported V5+ Temple Complex described Temple Complex continued

Solomonic in character but a definite move from the past

Glory Arrives Glory Dwells Allotment of the Land Sacrifices 1: River of Life 2: Boundaries Tribes of Israel

Vision of Throne over the temple Regulations for the institution The Glory fills the temple, further regulations Sacred district marked out for the Sanctuary to Dwell Further priestly regulations 01-12 From the temple toward the East 13-23 Land allotted to the various tribes but no land mentioned Allotment of Land and borders of the city

Kebar imagery

Absence of a king but divine rule Prince to preside over the city Prince to perform priestly duties River brings life to the land, and food for the people The 12 tribes surround the temple, but there is no territory mentioned. Israel is wholly dependent on YHWH

OVERVIEW OF EZEKIEL ©2001 STEPHEN MORSE - PAGE 5 OF 6

NOTES: Chapters in grey are those designated for exegesis

OVERVIEW OF EZEKIEL ©2001 STEPHEN MORSE - PAGE 6 OF 6