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Republic of the Philippines

Schools Division of Laguna

Second Periodical Test

SY 2019-2020

Direction: Read each item carefully and write only the letter of the correct answer.

1. It is referred to as a break on the earth’s crust along the significant movement has taken place.
A. Epicenter B. Fault C. Fault plane D. Focus

2. Which of the following triggers the movement of fault?

A. pull of the moon upon earth C. rational motion of the earth.
B. movement of molten rock in the earth’s interior D. spinning of the earth’s core

3. They are known to have generated earthquake in the last 10,000 years.
A. Active faults B. Inactive faults C. Blind faults D. Cracks

4. They are formed when rocks are compressed.

A. Normal faults B. Thrust faults C. Reverse faults D. strike-slip faults

5. Which of the following sentences describe the difference between focus and epicenter?
A. The focus is on the surface while an epicenter is underneath the focus.
B. The focus is a flat surface while epicenter is the geometrical surface of the earth.
C. The focus is found along the fault line while an epicenter is anywhere on the fault plane.
D. The focus is where an earthquake originates while epicenter is the spot directly above the focus.

6. When an earthquake occurs, where would the shaking be greater?

A. At the epicenter B. away from the epicenter C. at the focus D. at the fault plane

7. The point where movement occurred which triggered the earthquake

A. dip B. epicenter C. focus D. strike

For items 8-10 refer to the given diagram:

8. Point A, where slip initiated during the earthquake, is called the ________.
A. fault plane B. fault line B. epicenter D. focus

9. Point B is called the earthquake _________________.

A. fault plane B. fault line B. epicenter D. focus

10. Point C is called ________________.

A. fault plane B. fault line B. epicenter D. focus

11. Which of the following measures an earthquake's intensity based on the observed effects on people and structure
A. Richter Scale B. Centigrade Scale C. Modified Mercalli Scale D. Moment Magnitude Scale
12. Which of the following statements BEST describes the state of earthquake prediction?
A. Scientists can accurately predict the time and location of almost all earthquakes.
B. Scientists can accurately predict when an earthquake will occur, but not the location.
C. Scientists can accurately predict the time and location of about 50% of all earthquakes.
D. Scientists can characterize the seismic risk of an area, but cannot yet accurately predict most earthquakes.

13. What government agency is tasked to identify the intensity of earthquake in the Philippines?

14. The Philippines is prone to earthquakes because it is located along the________________.

A. Equator B. Pacific Ocean C. Pacific Ring of Fire D. Prime meridian
15. What does the earthquake intensity indicate?
A. amount of destruction caused by the earthquake C. power and energy of the earthquake
B. distance from the epicenter D. amplitude of the earthquake vibration

16. The magnitude of an earthquake depends on all of the following EXCEPT:

A. the area of the fault break C. the type of fault
B. the rigidity of a fault D. the slip of the fault

17. What causes tsunami?

A. When the typhoon is so strong
B. When a meteor hits the ocean
C. When fault moves in horizontal direction
D. When fault moves in vertical direction

18. How does the earthquake wave gives us picture of the interior of the earth?
A. By identifying the epicenter of the earthquake
B. By taking photographs of crust, mantle and core.
C. By identifying which part of the earth has the greatest destruction during earthquake
D. By studying the behavior of earthquake waves as it passes through different layers of the earth,

19. Body waves consist of the ________________.

A. P waves only B. S waves only C. P waves and S waves D. Surface

20. In general, the most destructive waves are the ______________________.

A. Surface waves B. S waves C. P waves D. Q waves

21. All of the following bodies of water surround the Philippines EXCEPT:
A. Atlantic Ocean B. Celebes Sea C. Pacific Ocean D. South China Sea

22. What is the equivalent term of typhoon in the northeastern part of the Pacific Ocean and in the northern part of
Atlantic Ocean?
A. hurricane B. tornado C. tropical depression D. tropical storm

23. How do tropical cyclones rotate?

A. counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere C. clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere
B. counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere D. clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere

24. What minimum temperature is required for cyclones to form in the Northwestern Pacific basin?
A. 200C B. 260C C. 300C D. 360C

25. The air pressure within the eye of the typhoon is _________ the air pressure at the location away from the eye.
A. less than B. greater than C. the same D. undetermined

26. The wind speed at the eye wall is ___________ the wind speed at the eye.
A. the same B. undetermined C. much less than D. much greater than

27. In which direction do most tropical cyclones that hit the Philippine move?
A. East and Northwest B. West and Northwest C. North and East D. North and Northwest

28. How do landforms affect the tropical Cyclones?

A. Landforms control the speed of the tropical cyclone
B. It just stays on land and stops the typhoons
C. When tropical cyclone reach land, they are keep moving because of the warm ocean water.
D. When it reaches the land, they die out because they are cut off from the warm ocean waters that keep them

29. What causes the ‘storm surge’ that often accompanies a cyclone making landfall?
A. global warming B. intense rainfall C. low air pressure D. winds pushing waves on shore

For items 30- 33. Choose from the given maximum wind speed kilometre per hour (kph) of tropical cyclones.
A. 118 to 220 kph B. 45 to 61 kph C. 62 to 88 kph D. more than 220 kph

30. Super Typhoon

31. Tropical Storm
32. Tropical Depression
33. Typhoon
For items 34-36. Refer to the following choices.
A. warm B. cold C. rises D. water vapour

Tropical cyclones usually form where there is (34) _________ water, the temperature is about 26.50C or more.
Warm ocean water heats up the air above the warm air. Then (35) ___________, results in a low pressure area.
Air in the surrounding will then move toward the area. There is (36) ________ in the rising warm air; and it soon
condenses and heat is given off. The heat makes the air rise even more, and air in the surrounding will keep moving
in. The air starts to spin, and tr;opical cyclone is born.

37. How do comets differ from asteroids?

A. Comets are icy bodies while asteroids are rocky fragments.
B. Comets have regular shapes and varied sizes compare with asteroids.
C. Comets usually come from the asteroid belt which is beyond our solar system.
D. Orbit of the comet is more rounded and less elliptical than the orbit of the asteroid.

38. What is the most famous short-period comet of the 20th century?
A. Comet Ikeya-Seki C. Hale-Bopp comet
B. Comet Kohoutek D. Halley’s comet

39. The following are factors on how much and how well you can see a meteor in the sky EXCEPT:
A. air pollution B. water pollution C. weather condition D. time of the day

40. It causes meteors to glow when they fall on Earth.

A. Reflection of the sunlight.
B. Friction with other heavenly bodies produces light.
C. Friction with the atmosphere produces heat and light.
D. Friction with the atmosphere causes the meteors to give off their own light.

41. The most recent asteroid being close to Earth as it orbited the sun on February 16, 2012 (Philippine time).
A. Asteroid Draco B. Asteroid Eros C. Asteroid 2014 Da12 D. Asteroid 2012 DA14

42. Long-period comets come from ________________.

A. Asteroid Belt B. Dust Cloud C. Kuiper Belt D. Oort Cloud

43. Meteor shower occurs when _________________.

A. it enters Earth’s atmosphere
B. Earth orbits the Sun and passes through the orbit of a comet
C. Moon orbits the Sun and passes through the orbit of a comet
D. fragments from a meteoroid survive and makes it to the ground.

44. Halley’s comet appeared in the night sky in 1910 and then again in 1986. It is expected to appear again _____.
A. sometime in 2010 – 2011 C. sometime in 2085 - 2086
B. sometime in 2061 – 2062 D. it will never be appear again

45. Most of the asteroid in the solar system can be found _______________.
A. close to the Sun C. in between Mars and Jupiter
B. out beyond Neptune D. orbiting around Saturn as it rings

46. What is actually a “shooting star”?

A. Comets streaking by Earth C. Asteroids passing close to Earth
B. Stars revolving around the Sun D. Meteoroids burning up in Earth’s atmosphere

47. The gas tail of a comet always ______________.

A. points toward the sun C. points perpendicular to the orbital path
B. points away from the sun D. extends ahead of the head along the orbital path

For items 48 – 50. Refer to the following choices:

A. comet B. meteor C. meteorite D. meteoroid

A (48) _________ is the space rock fragment before it enters Earth’s atmosphere. When it enters the said
atmosphere and burns up, a light phenomenon is observed and is called a (49) _________. When part of it survives passing
through Earth’s atmosphere, the space rock fragment that lands on Earth’s crust is now called a (50)__________.

1. B
2. B
3. A
4. C
5. D
6. A
7. C
8. D
9. B
10. A
11. C
12. D
13. B
14. C
15. A
16. C
17. D
18. D
19. C
20. A
21. A
22. A
23. B
24. B
25. A
26. D
27. B
28. D
29. D
30. D
31. C
32. B
33. A
34. A
35. C
36. D
37. A
38. D
39. B
40. C
41. D
42. D
43. B
44. B
45. C
46. D
47. B
48. D
49. B
50. D


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