D EUTSCHE NORM

September 2002

Non-destructive testing of welds
General rules for metallic materials (includes Amendment A1) English version of DIN EN 12062 : 1997 + A1 : 2002
ICS 25.160.40 Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung von Schweißverbindungen – Allgemeine Regeln für metallische Werkstoffe (enthält Änderung A1 : 2002)

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EN 12062
Supersedes October 1997 edition.

European Standard EN 12062 : 1997 + A1 : 2002 has the status of a DIN Standard.

National foreword
This standard has been prepared by CEN/TC 121. The responsible German body involved in its preparation was the Normenausschuss Materialprüfung (Materials Testing Standards Committee), Technical Committee Elektrische und magnetische Prüfverfahren. Amendments This standard differs from the October 1997 edition in that it has been editorially revised. Previous edition DIN EN 12062: 1997-07.

EN comprises 10 pages.

© No part of this standard may be reproduced without the prior permission of DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V., Berlin. Beuth Verlag GmbH, 10772 Berlin, Germany, has the exclusive right of sale for German Standards (DIN-Normen).

Ref. No. DIN EN 12062 : 2002-09
English price group 10 Sales No. 1110 03.03

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CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria. Luxembourg. France. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member. Iceland. the Czech Republic. Portugal. Greece. German). CEN – All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national members. Denmark. The European Standards exist in three official versions (English. and the United Kingdom. B-1050 Brussels © 2002. Malta. Germany. A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the official versions. Italy. French. Amendment A1 was approved by CEN on 2002-05-01. Norway.40 English version Non-destructive examination of welds General rules for metallic materials (includes Amendment A1) Contrôle non destructif des assemblages soudés – Règles générales pour les matériaux métalliques (Amendement A 1 inclus) Zerstörungsfreie Prüfung von Schweißverbindungen – Allgemeine Regeln für metallische Werkstoffe (enthält Änderung A1 : 2002) This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1998-08-02. Finland. Switzerland. the Netherlands. No. Belgium. Ref. Sweden. Ireland.160.EN 12062 February 1997 + A1 May 2002 ICS 25. ÈÉË European Committee for Standardization Comité Européen de Normalisation Europäisches Komitee für Normung Management Centre: rue de Stassart 36. EN 12062 : 1997 + A1 : 2002 E . Spain. CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

. . . . . . . 10 Foreword to EN 12062 : 1997 This European Standard has been prepared by CEN/TC 121 ‘Welding’. A. . 5. . . . . . . . and the United Kingdom. . . . . . . . . . . . . Finland. . . . . .and T-butt joints without full penetration and fillet welds . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Test organization . . . . France. . . .5 Radiographic testing . . . . . . . . . Luxembourg. . . . Greece. .2 Test plan . . . . . . . 4 Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . the Czech Republic. . . . Sweden. . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. . the Czech Republic. . . . . . . . . . . . . the Netherlands. . Luxembourg. . . . . . Switzerland. . .3 Magnetic particle testing . Foreword to EN 12062 : 1997/A1 : 2002 This Amendment to EN 12062 : 1997 has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 121 ‘Welding’. . . . . . . . . Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing essential requirements or other provisions of EU Directives . . . . . . . Sweden. . . . . . . Norway. Foreword to EN 12062 : 1997/A1 : 2002 . . . . . .Page 2 EN 12062 :1997 + A1 : 2002 Contents Page Page Foreword to EN 12062 : 1997 . . . . . . . Malta. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Stage of manufacture . see Annex ZA. . Ireland. . . . . . This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard. . . Spain. . . . .1. . by February 1998 at the latest. . . . . . Germany. 6 Personnel qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Non-acceptable indications . . . . 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 9. . Annex D (informative) Non-acceptable indications .2 Penetrant testing . A. . Norway. . . . . . . . .2 Butt. . A.2. . In accordance with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations. . . . . . .1 Visual testing . . 9. . . . . . France. and supports essential requirements of the relevant EC Directive. . . . . . . . . . 5 Limitations . . Italy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. . . Italy. . . . . This Amendment has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. . . either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement. . . . .2 Scope of testing . . . . 8 Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. . the Netherlands. . . 1 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3 Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 General . . 10. . . . . 8. . . . . . . . . . Denmark. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ireland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Normative references . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Denmark. . . .3 Butt. . . Switzerland. A. . . . . . This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the Commission of European Communities and the European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of the relevant EC Directive. . . . . . . . . . .6 Ultrasonic testing of ferritic steels . the Secretariat of which is held by DS. Greece. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . For relationship with this directive. . . . . . . . . . . . . the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria. . . A. . . . . . 5. Portugal. . 9. . . . . . . . . .1 Documentation prior to testing 8. . . . .2 Documentation after testing . . A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Written procedures .1 Records of individual tests . . . Belgium. . . . .2. . . . . . . . . 8. . . . . 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 10 Performance of testing . .2 Final report . . . . . . . Finland.and T-joints with full penetration . . . . . . . . . 8. . . . . . . . . either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement. 3 Definitions . . . . and the United Kingdom. by November 2002 at the latest. In accordance with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations. . . . .4 Eddy current testing . . . . . . . . .1 Determination of standard to be applied . . .3 Time of testing . Belgium. . . . . . 8. . . . . . . . For relationship with this directive see Annex ZA. . . 8. . . . . . . . . . . . the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria. . . . . . . . . . Germany. . Iceland. and conflicting national standards withdrawn. . . . . . . . Annex C (informative) Scope of testing . . . . . 9 Selection of test method . . . . . Iceland. . . . . . . Portugal. . and conflicting national standards withdrawn. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Annex A (normative) Rules and standards to be applied . . . . . . . . . . . Annex B (informative) Classification of indications . . . . . . . . . . . the Secretariat of which is held by DS.2 Prerequisites for testing . . . This Amendment shall be given the status of a national standard. . . . . . . Spain. . . . .1. . . . .

2 Definitions Testing Testing level For the purposes of this standard. Testing level below which components are accepted (see Annex B). a specification. Acceptance levels cannot be derived directly from the quality levels defined in EN 25817 or EN 30042. subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. Requirements for acceptance levels for non-destructive testing comply with quality levels given in EN 25817 or EN 30042 (moderate. Different levels correspond to different sensitivities and/or probabilities of detection. For dated references. intermediate. for either the methodology or the acceptance level for metallic materials. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter.3 3.4 3.1 3. provisions from other publications. 2 Normative references This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference.Page 3 EN 12062 :1997 + A1 : 2002 1 Scope Based on quality requirements. Degree of stringency and selection of parameter settings with which a test method is applied. Testing level from which an indication is to be recorded (see Annex B). EN EN EN EN EN EN EN EN 473 571-1 970 1289 1290 1291 1435 1711 Qualification and certification of NDT personnel – General principles Non-destructive testing – Penetrant testing – Part 1: General principles Non-destructive testing of fusion welds – Visual examination Non-destructive testing of welds – Penetrant testing of welds – Acceptance levels Non-destructive testing of welds – Magnetic particle testing of welds Non-destructive testing of welds – Magnetic particle testing of welds – Acceptance levels Non-destructive testing of welds – Radiographic testing of welded joints Non-destructive testing of welds – Eddy current testing of welds by complex plane analysis Non-destructive testing of welds – Ultrasonic testing of welded joints – Acceptance levels Non-destructive testing of welds – Ultrasonic testing – Characterization of imperfections in welds Non-destructive testing of welds – Ultrasonic testing of welded joints Non-destructive examination of welds – Radiographic examination of welded joints – Acceptance levels Arc-welded joints in steel – Guidance on quality levels for imperfections (ISO 5817 : 1992) Arc-welded joints in aluminium and its weldable alloys – Guidance on quality levels for imperfections (ISO 10042 : 1992) General criteria for the operation of testing laboratories General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories (ISO/IEC 17025 : 1999) EN 1712 EN 1713 EN 1714 EN 12517 EN 25817 EN 30042 EN 45001 EN ISO/IEC 17025 3 3. or a procedure. For undated references. . weld thickness. the latest edition of the publication referred to applies. 3. They are linked to the overall quality of the produced batch of welds. welding process and scope of testing. This standard also specifies general rules and standards to be applied for the different types of test. the following definitions apply: Testing of a material in accordance with a standard. stringent) only on a general basis and not in detail for each indication. The selection of testing levels is normally related to the quality requirements. material.5 Evaluation level Recording level Acceptance level Testing level from which an indication is to be evaluated (see Annex B). this standard gives guidance for the choice of non-destructive methods for testing welds and evaluation of results for quality control purposes.

time period or other items affecting the quality.2 Scope of testing The scope of testing shall be specified in an application standard or defined by specification. type of joints.9 Quality level Fixed limits of imperfections corresponding to the expected quality in a weld. material. their alloys and their combinations: – steel. the abbreviations given in table 1 apply.10 Inspection lot A group of welds (a group can be a part of weld or a full weld or several welds) which would be expected to show a uniform quality because of the welding procedure applied. 4 Abbreviations Table 1: Abbreviations Test method Eddy current test Magnetic particle test Penetrant test Radiographic test Ultrasonic test Visual check Abbreviation ET MT PT RT UT VT For the purposes of this standard.3 Materials This standard includes requirements for testing fusion welds in the following materials. recommended that such testing be performed in accordance with the standards referred to for methods and acceptance levels. The limits are determined with regard to type of imperfection. 3. 6 Personnel qualification Personnel performing non-destructive testing and the evaluation of results for final acceptance of welds shall be qualified in accordance with EN 473 or equivalent at an appropriate level in the relevant industrial sector.3). Testing of parent materials prior to welding or between welding sequences is not covered by this standard. however. environmental conditions during welding.1 Limitations Stage of manufacture This standard has been prepared for the testing of completed welds (see 10. 5. 5. welder.7 Indication Representation or signal from a discontinuity in the format allowed by the non-destructive testing method used. 3. Guidance on random testing is given in Annex C. – titanium. – copper. 5 5. – aluminium. . It is.Page 4 EN 12062 :1997 + A1 : 2002 3.6 Test organization Internal or external organization carrying out non-destructive testing. 3. 3. The use of this standard for other metallic materials shall be as defined by specification. – nickel.8 Internal imperfections Imperfections that are not open to a surface or not directly accessible. their amount and their actual dimensions.

all necessary preliminary information required by the test standards shall be provided. all methods used shall be defined in a test plan.1 Selection of test method General This standard specifies requirements for selection of test methods for various types of materials and types of fusion welds.1 Records of tests Test results shall always be recorded as required by the relevant standard for the particular test method. – identification of component. – component configuration (accessibility. surface condition. If required. – identification of welds examined and/or reference to documents identifying these welds.1. – type of imperfection and orientation expected.). it may be necessary to carry out additional tests including more than one non-destructive method (other than visual checks) or multiple applications of one method. – record of deviations from the standard applied regarding testing technique and acceptance levels. including status (not inspected. 8. In such cases.2. which is employed with the inspection. 8 8. – system for marking of individual welds and/or reference to documents indicating the description of the coordinate system used for testing. rejected). .Page 5 EN 12062 :1997 + A1 : 2002 7 Test organization The test organization should be organized independently of the production and its activities should be controlled by a quality assurance system. – reference to individual test records. test methods and levels other than those listed in Annex A may be selected. 9 9. the following items should be considered: – welding processes. an external test organization. welding consumable and treatment. – joint type and geometry.1. 8. These methods may be used alone or in combination in order to give the required result.2 Test plan In certain cases. – parent metal. Such alterations shall be defined by specification. 8. testing levels listed in Annex A may be used as appropriate. which is to determine the sequence and scope of testing and other relevant aspects for control of tests and other related activities.2. a final report shall be prepared which contains the information required in the test plan and shall include as a minimum: – reports as required in the standards covering the individual test methods. 8. shall be accredited in accordance with EN ISO/IEC 17025.1 Written procedures Testing shall always be performed in accordance with written procedures as required by the standard for the individual test method or as defined by specification. If necessary.and T-joints with full penetration The generally accepted methods for testing welds are given in table 2 for surface imperfections and in table 3 for internal imperfections. Before selecting test methods and levels.2 Butt. – identification of personnel and organizations that have performed the tests.2 Final report For each component or group of components. etc.1 Documentation Documentation prior to testing Prior to testing. If an application standard only requires another selection of methods. – quality levels. 9. accepted.2 Documentation after testing 8.

t. Table 3: Generally accepted methods for detection of internal imperfections for buttand T-joints with full penetration Materials. butt joints Nickel-and copper-alloys. 10. b) test plan.Page 6 EN 12062 :1997 + A1 : 2002 Table 2: Generally accepted methods for detection of accessible surface imperfections for all types of welds including fillet welds Materials Ferritic steel Test method VT VT and MT VT and PT VT and (ET) VT VT and PT VT and (ET) Austenitic steel. in mm ) Up to 8 RT or (UT) (UT) or (RT) RT (UT) or (RT) RT (UT) or (RT) RT (UT) or (RT) RT (UT) or (RT) Above 8 up to 40 RT or UT UT or (RT) RT or (UT) (UT) and/or (RT) RT or UT UT or (RT) RT or (UT) (UT) or (RT) RT or (UT) UT or (RT) Above 40 UT or (RT) UT or (RT) RT or (UT) (UT) or (RT) RT or UT UT or (RT) RT or (UT) (UT) or (RT) 1 ( ) Indicates that the method is applicable with limitations.3 Butt. In cases where special test methods have not been defined by specification. nickel. butt-joints Ferritic. 1 ) Thickness. . Techniques other than those given in tables 2 and 3 can be defined for determining the actual degree of penetration and the dimensions of other types of imperfection. copper and titanium ( ) Indicates that the method is applicable with limitations. 10 10.2 Prerequisites for testing Prior to testing. if required. in nickel and copper alloys and in titanium be examined using method(s) in addition to VT as in table 2. T-joints Austenitic. the quality of the weld shall be ensured by controlling the welding process. in austenitic steel. the unfused root can prevent satisfactory volumetric testing when using the methods given in table 3. T-joints Thickness. T-joints Aluminium. butt-joints Austenitic. butt-joints Titanium.and T-butt joints without full penetration and fillet welds For partial-penetration welds and fillet welds. is the nominal thickness of the parent material to be welded. aluminium. T-joints Nickel-and copper-alloys.1 Performance of testing Determination of standard to be applied See Annex A. T-joints Titanium. in aluminium. 9. the test personnel shall have access to all information relevant to the object including: a) necessary preliminary information required in the standards specifying the individual test methods. butt-joints Aluminium. t. type of joint Ferritic. It is recommended that welds in steel with a minimum yield strength above 280 N/mm 2.

the weld shall normally be tested at least as required for the original weld. If required by specification.1 Visual testing Table A. d) responsibility for coordination of the inspection of parts of subassemblies manufactured by subcontractors. special conditions may call for testing prior to final heat treatment or elapse of a certain time.2 Penetrant testing Table A.g.2. Further guidance is given in Annex D. e) time and place of testing.2: Penetrant testing Quality level as in EN 25817 or EN 30042 B C D Testing technique and level as in EN 571-1 Not specified Not specified Not specified Acceptance level as in EN 1289 Twice the level Twice the level Three times the level See table A. A.4 Non-acceptable indications In the case of detection of non-acceptable indications.3 Time of testing Testing should be carried out after completion of any required heat treatments. 10. A. Annex A (normative) Rules and standards to be applied This annex gives the correlation between the quality levels specified in EN 25817 or EN 30042 and testing techniques. the procedure for handling shall be given in the application standard or defined by specification.1.1: Visual check Quality level as in EN 25817 or EN 30042 B C D Testing technique and level as in EN 970 Not specified Not specified Not specified Acceptance level ) B C D 1 See table A. it shall be performed prior to any testing for internal imperfections. . Welds in materials sensitive to hydrogen cracking (e. In case of repair of non-acceptable indications. It should be noted that the correlation does not represent relations in quantitative tems. high strength steels) or other time delayed cracking shall not be examined until the minimum time required after welding is achieved or as defined by specification. If surface testing is to be carried out.Page 7 EN 12062 :1997 + A1 : 2002 c) actions to be taken in case of detection of non-conforming welds. 1 ) The acceptance levels for visual checking are the same as the quality levels specified in EN 25817 or EN 30042. 10. testing levels and acceptance levels specified in test standards.

3. A. A.3: Magnetic particle testing Quality level as in EN 25817 B C D Testing technique and level as in EN 1290 Not specified Not specified Not specified Acceptance level as EN 1291 Twice the level Twice the level Three times the level See table A.4.5 Radiographic testing Table A.3 Magnetic particle testing Table A. the maximum area for a single exposure shall satisfy the requirements for class A of EN 1435.5. ) UT is not recommended but can be defined by specification (with the same requirements as for quality level C).Page 8 EN 12062 :1997 + A1 : 2002 A.4: Eddy current testing (ET) Quality level as in EN 25817 or EN 30042 B C D Not specified To be defined by specification Testing technique and level as in EN 1711 Acceptance level See table A.5: Radiographic testing (RT) Quality level as in EN 25817 or EN 30042 B C D Testing technique and level as in EN 1435 B B ) A 1 See table A.4 Eddy current testing Table A.6 Ultrasonic testing of ferritic steel Table A.6. EN 1713 shall apply.6: Ultrasonic testing of ferritic steel Quality level as in EN 25817 or EN 30042 B C D Testing technique and level 1 as in EN 1714 ) At least B At least A Not specified ) 2 See table A. Acceptance level as in EN 12517 1 2 3 1 ) However. A. . Acceptance level as in EN 1712 2 3 Not applicable ) 2 1 2 ) When characterization of indications is defined by specification.

TESTING LEVEL Size of Indication ˆ Acceptance level (fitness for purpose) Acceptance level (quality assurance) Recording level Evaluation of indications with regard to size. the area to be examined being selected by random. type or others characteristics Evaluation level No action required Figure B. but e) if any of the samples or areas of the same weld examined as required under item c) reveals a nonacceptable indication. or 2) fully examined and repaired or replaced as necessary. the defective item should be repaired or replaced and reexamined and all items represented by these two additional samples or areas of the same weld should be accepted. all items represented by the progressive sampling should be either: 1) repaired or replaced and retested as required. the defective item(s) should be repaired. randomly selected welds with a minimum total length of p % of the total length of all welds in the inspection lot should be tested over their entire length. and retested. Annex D (informative) Non-acceptable indications Where testing of part of an inspection lot reveals non-acceptable indications.Page 9 EN 12062 :1997 + A1 : 2002 Annex B (informative) Classification of indications See figure B. Testing should be performed at welds executed using those parameters which might be the main cause of failure (e. two further samples or areas of the same weld per defective one should be examined and d) if the samples or areas of the same weld examined as required under item c) are acceptable.g. the following rules should apply unless otherwise required: – each weld in the inspection lot should be examined over a length of minimum p % of the individual length. but c) if any of the samples or areas of the same welds examined as required under item a) reveals a non acceptable indication.1. replaced and retested and all items represented by the additional samples or areas of the same weld should be accepted. p) of an inspection lot. and b) if the samples or areas of the same weld examined as required under item a) are acceptable. welding procedure or other of the items mentioned under 3. – if an inspection lot consists of several identical welds with individual lengths less than x m (e. at least one weld should be examined over its entire length regardless the p %.10): a) two additional samples or areas of the same weld should be given the same type of testing. x = 1). . x = 1).g.1: Classification of indications ACTION Rejection/repair Rejection/repair or further evaluation based on fitness for purpose criteria Recording of indications Annex C (informative) Scope of testing If the scope of testing is defined as a part (as a percentage.g. welder. – if the total length of all the welds in an inspection lot is less than x m (e. the following guidelines for the scope of any additional testing can be used.

WARNING.2 Qualifying remarks/notes Non-destructive tests Table ZA. Table ZA. § 3.2: Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 87/404/EEC Clauses/subclauses of this European Standard All Essential requirements of Directive 87/404/EEC Annex I.2.1 and ZA. The following clauses of this standard as detailed in tables ZA.Page 10 EN 12062 :1997 + A1 : 2002 Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing essential requirements or other provisions of EU Directives This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of Directive 97/23/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 29 May 1997 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning pressure equipment.1: Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 97/23/EC Clauses/subclauses of this European Standard All Essential requirements of Directive 97/23/EC Annex I.1. § 3. Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of this standard. Compliance with these clauses of this standard provides a means of conforming to the specific essential requirements of the directives concerned and associated EFTA regulations.2 Qualifying remarks/notes Welds in pressurized parts . are likely to support requirements of Directives 97/23/EC and 87/404/EEC.

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