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Andrés Sánchez Consultor Preventa Almacenamiento HP
© 2006 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice
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EVA models The value of Virtualization Tiered storage within an EVA EVA management EVA SW features EVA solutions EVA services
HP StorageWorks product portfolio
fault tolerant Smart Array technology • • • • Flexible and scalable entry-level fibre channel storage Scalable modularity Heterogeneous Ease of administration Price/Scalability Workgroups High performance internal / external storage with Smart Array technologies • Price/Capacity Clustering & shared storage Minimal infrastructure DtS conversion Price/Availability High connectivity High scalability High efficiency Highest disaster tolerance solutions Universal connectivity and heterogeneity Scalability .StorageWorks market coverage EVA8000 EVA6000 EVA4000 MSA1500 MSA1000 MSA500 XP 12000 Enterprise Departmental Plugged into the data center fabric to maximize scalability and availability • • • • • • • • • Availability MSA30 MSA20 Branch Office Simple. affordable.
The new HP StorageWorks Enterprise Virtual Array EVA The new HP StorageWorks Enterprise Virtual Array EVA .
storage capacities and performance − New controllers • • • • Faster processors.The new EVA family • A revolutionary redesign of the proven EVA3000 and EVA5000 Storage Arrays What has changed − Three instead of two family members for a range of prices. − Native HBAs Support (Sun. improved performance Support for higher capacities EVA8000: >200TB Larger caches EVA8000: 8GB More FC ports EVA8000: 8 ports EVA4000 EVA6000 EVA8000 • − Active-active LUN presentation − Industry standard multi-path failover • MPIO • PVlink • DMP etc. IBM. HP) .
4000.8TB (56 x 300GB 2Gb FC disks) − 141‘000 IOPs − 335 MB/s − − − − − − − − − • • Performance (Quickspecs) • Multi-vendor platform. native multipathing. 300GB FC drives − 250GB FATA drives − From 1 to 4 drive enclosures − From 8 to 56 disk drives − Up to 16.Enterprise Virtual Array EVA4000 • • • • Virtual RAID Arrays: Vraid0. HBA and boot support Windows 2000/2003 HP-UX Linux IBM AIX OpenVMS Tru64 SUN Solaris VMWare Netware • • Business Copy EVA Local replication within an EVA either as snapshots (vsnaps) or full copies (snapclone) Continuous Access EVA Synchronous and/or asynchronous remote replication between EVAs (EVA3000. 5000. 146. Vraid1. Vraid5 4GB cache per controller pair 4 Host ports Dual FC loop with dual attached disks Adaptive capacities − 72. 6000 and 8000) .
The EVA4000 architecture Management Server (Winows) Fabric 1 Fabric 2 • 2 HSV Controllers HSV200 controller 1 HSV200 controller 2 • • 1 to 4 Disk enclosures 8 to 56 FC Disks .
300GB FC drives − 250GB FATA drives − From 4 to 8 drive enclosures − From 16 to 112 disk drives − Up to 33. Vraid5 4GB cache per controller pair 4 Host ports Dual FC loop with two loop switches and dual attached disks Adaptive capacities − 72. 146. native multipathing.6TB (112 x 300GB 2Gb FC disks) − 141‘000 IOPs − 650 MB/s − − − − − − − − − • • Performance (Quickspecs) • Multi-vendor platform. Vraid1. 5000.Enterprise Virtual Array EVA6000 • • • • Virtual RAID Arrays Vraid0. 4000. 6000 and 8000) . HBA and boot support Windows 2000/2003 HP-UX Linux IBM AIX OpenVMS Tru64 SUN Solaris VMWare Netware • • Business Copy EVA Local replication within an EVA either as snapshots (vsnaps) or full copies (snapclone) Continuous Access EVA Synchronous and/or asynchronous remote replication between EVAs (EVA3000.
The EVA6000 architecture Management Server (Windows) Fabric 1 Fabric 2 • 2 HSV Controllers 2 FC Loop Switches HSV200 controller 1 FC loop switch HSV200 controller 2 FC loop switch • • • 4-8 Disk enclosures 16 to 112 FC Disks .
300GB FC drives − 250GB FATA drives • • • • • Business Copy EVA Local replication within an EVA either as snapshots (vsnaps) or full copies (snapclone) Continuous Access EVA Synchronous and/or asynchronous remote replication between EVAs (EVA3000. 6000 and 8000) . Vraid1.Enterprise Virtual Array EVA8000 • • • • Virtual RAID Arrays Vraid0. 4000. 5000. 146. HBA and boot support − − − − − − − − − Windows 2000/2003 HP-UX Linux IBM AIX OpenVMS Tru64 SUN Solaris VMWare Netware − 72. native multipathing. Vraid5 8GB cache per controller pair 8 Host ports Four FC loops with four loop switches and dual attached disks Adaptive capacities − From 2 to 18 drive enclosures − From 8 to 240 disk drives − Up to 72TB (240 x 300GB 2Gb FC disks) Performance (Quickspecs) − >200‘000 IOPs − 1500 MB/s Multi-vendor platform.
The EVA8000 architecture Management Server (Winows) Fabric 1 Fabric 2 • 2 HSV Controllers 4 FC Loop Switches HSV210 controller 1 FC loop switch FC loop switch HSV210 controller 2 FC loop switch FC loop switch • • 2-18 Disk enclosures 12 in the first rack 6 in the utility cabinet • 8 to 240 FC Disks .
Next generation EVA models Current EVAs Model Controller Cache size (controller pair) Host ports (controller pair) Device ports (controller pair) Mirror ports (controller pair) Backend loop switches Drives enclosures Range of drives Base configurations EVA3000 HSV100 4GB 4 4 2 None 1-4 8-56 2C1D 2C2D EVA5000 HSV110 4GB 4 8 2 4 2-18 8-240 2C2D 2C6D 2C12D 2C1D 2C4D EVA4000 HSV200 4GB 4 4 4 None 1-4 8-56 New EVAs EVA6000 HSV200 4GB 4 4 4 2 4-8 16-112 EVA8000 HSV210 8GB 8 8 4 4 2-18 8-240 2C2D 2C6D 2C12D .
The benefits of the EVA virtualization The benefits of the EVA virtualization .
Traditional Disk Array approach RAID Controller Spare Spare RAID Level (0 or 1 or 5…) .
Traditional Disk Array approach Host presentation 0 1 2 RAID Controller Spare LUN 0 LUN 1 Spare LUN 2 RAID Level .
Traditional Disk Array approach Host presentation 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 RAID Controller LUN 6 LUN 7 LUN 5 LUN 4 LUN 0 LUN 1 Spare LUN 3 Spare LUN 2 .
HP Virtual Array approach Disk groups. segments. block mapping tables & sparing Virtual Array Controller Block mapping table Disk Group .
HP Virtual Array approach Disk groups An EVA can have • • 1 to 16 disk groups 8 to 240 disks per disk group .
HP Virtual Array approach LUN/vdisk allocation Host presentation 1 2 Virtual Array Controller 8GB 7GB LUN 1 LUN 2 .
1.HP Virtual Array approach LUNs/vdisks and their allocation An EVA can have • • • From 1 to 1024 virtual disks/LUNs LUN sizes from 1GB to 2TB in steps of 1GB Any combination of VRAID 0. 5 20 .
HP Virtual Array approach
Capacity upgrade and load leveling
Virtual Array Controller
LUN 1 LUN 2 LUN 3
HP Virtual Array approach
Capacity upgrade, disk group growth
HP Virtual Array approach
Online volume growth
Virtual Array Controller
7GB +4GB +6GB
HP Virtual Array approach Online volume growth 25 .
The value of the EVA virtualization • Lower management and training costs − Easy to use intuitive web-interface − Unifies storage into a common pool − Effortlessly create virtual RAID volumes (LUNs) • Improved application availability − Enterprise-class availability − Dynamic pool and Vdisk (LUN) expansion − No storage reconfiguration down time • Buy less − Significantly increase utilization and reduce stranded capacity • Improve performance – service more customers − Vraid striping across all disks in disk group − Eliminate I/O hot spots − Automatic load leveling .
infrequently accessed data Nearline – 1 year active. mirroring. 146GB 15krpm 72. instant recovery and stale data Near-Online – 3 to 6 months active. faster recovery. retrievable FC drives 72. 146. off-site recovery Offline – 5 year active. file recovery.Tiered storage with EVA Online – active data. off-site storage. offsite storage. 300GB 10krpm FATA drives 250GB 10krpm Tape/Automation Tape and Optical Optical . disaster recovery Archive – 30 year records or longer.
EVA interface—group properties .
Building storage classes within an EVA File Servers Backup Server Archive Server DB Servers HSV controller 1 FC loop switch HSV controller 2 FC loop switch Fast FC Disks 73. 300GB 10krpm FATA Disks 250GB nearonline . 146GB 15krpm Large FC Disks 146.
HBA WWN 1 HBA WWN 2 HBA WWN 3 HBA WWN 4 • How does it work? – Selectively grants access of HBA WWNs to LUNs LUN masking LUN HBA W W N pW W N 1 pW W N 2 PW W N 3 PW W N 4 Host Group red red blue blue LUN 1 • • LUN 2 LUN 3 LUN n • • 2 n 1 • • • • 3 .EVA selective storage presentation • What does it do? – Provides storage access control assuring that a host cannot access data belonging to a different host.
a LUN is only actively presented on one HSV controller The Multipathing implementation in the OS or SecurePath has to make sure that − The OS only used the active controller for a particular LUN − Switches over the LUN ownership and used paths in case of an error − Potentially can do load balancing Active path Passive path • HBA 1 HBA 2 HBA 3 HBA 4 • .Multipathing for EVA3000/5000 VCS 2.x and 3.x They use an active/passive LUN presentation model.
x model. a LUN is actively presented on both HSV controller solutions like • Support for industry standard multipathing HBA 1 HBA 2 HBA 3 HBA 4 − MPIO for Windows.New EVA multipathing • Uses an active/active LUN presentation XCS 5.x and VCS 4. AIX and Netware − MPxIO/STM and DMP for Solaris − Pvlink and DMP for HP-UX • A LUN is still owned by one controller. If an IO comes from the non-owning controller it is passed over to the owning controller via the cache mirror ports only has to make sure that • The multipathing implementation in the OS − A single LUN is not presented multiple times − Potentially can do load balancing .
0D SP1 Concurrent attachment * Same server Same HBA Same server Same HBA Same server Same HBA Same server Same HBA Same server Same HBA Same server Different HBA EVA 4000/6000/8000 and EVA3000/5000 with VCS 4.0F MPIO DSM Secure Path v4. 6239 2GB PCI-X.0D SP3 Antemeta Solution Secure Path v3.1 VM MPIO Same server Different HBA Same server Same HBA Same server Same HBA * For details see SAN Design Referenc Guide: Heterogeneous server rules on www.0C SP2 Qlogic FO driver – basic Secure Path v3.0C SP2. SG-XPC12FC-QF2) MPIO – PCM NEW: Native IBM HBA support (IBM 6228 PCI. 5716 2GB PCI-X) Native VM MPIO Boot support AIX Netware VMware ESX Secure Path v2.0C SP2 native native Secure Path v3.x Secure Path v3.x and 3.Multipathing and boot support Operating System HP-UX Windows Linux Tru64 OVMS Solaris EVA 3000/5000 with VCS 2.x native pvlinks Secure Path v3.0F Veritas DMP (June.com/go/sandesign .hp. August) MPIO .AA DSM (full-feature) NEW: Direct attachment supported Qlogic FO driver native native MPxIO/STM (New also non-SUN HBAs) Veritas DMP NEW: Native SUN HBA support (SGXPC11FC-QF2.
HP StorageWorks EVA Software Solutions HP StorageWorks EVA Software Solutions .
easy-to-use GUI Enables you to quickly expand a LUN online. events & monitoring. discovery. simple management experience for all EVA arrays Automate and aggregate management tasks Offers proactive remote monitoring services for maximum uptime Intuitive. security New LUN masking CLUIscripting /agents Basic replication Performance Monitoring SMIS and APIs HP Enterprise Virtual Arrays .remote monitoring • • • • Provides a powerfully.0 • • • HP ISEE solutions .HP Command View EVA v4. configure LUNs or RAID groups. or add physical disks with just a few mouse clicks Uses standards-based SMI-S Allows you to easily provision online storage and instantly replicate data Management Applications HP Command View EVA suite Configuration.
4. containing WEBES plus ISEE SSSU for all OS • Installation of CV 4.1 will automatically install EvaPerf .x) & GL (VCS 3.1 • • Supports XL (XCS 5.x.x) Supported on SMA and general purpose server − − − − Storage Management Appliance Windows 2000 server/advanced server Windows 2003 standard/enterprise edition Windows 2003 storage server edition • • Support of new EVA features OVSOM EOL − Separate Command View EVA Suite − Separate licensing − CDs including • • • • Command View EVA EVA performance monitoring tool Services CD.Command View EVA 4.
www1.hp.x Integrates with Windows PerfMon Create your own scripts via a command prompt Monitor in real-time and view historical EVA performance metrics to more quickly identify performance bottlenecks Easily monitor and display EVA Performance metrics: − − − − − − − Host connection data Port status Host port statistics Storage cell data Physical disk data Virtual disk data CA statistics See the EVAPerf Whitepaper on: http://h18006.html .HP Command View EVAperf EVA performance analysis • • • • • • Performance analysis tool for whole EVA product line Shipped with Command View EVA v4.com/storage/arraywhitepapers.
Business copy EVA EVA local copy Array based Software to create local copies of your data • 3 flavors − Space efficient vSnapShot − Pre-allocated vSnapShot − vSnapClone New: 3-phase SnapClone • • • • Cost effective Easy to use Faster performance due to parallel processing Licensing based on capacity of replicated volumes .
Space efficient snapshots Virtually capacity free Contents identical Contents different Contents different Volume A A’ snap of A Volume “A” A’ (contents as of t0) Volume “A” A’ (contents as of t0) updates t3 updates t1 updates t1 Volume A receives updates (copy on write) Volume A receives more updates Time t0 $ create snapshot “A” t1 t2 t3 t4 .
Pre-allocated Snapshots Space reservation Contents identical Contents different Contents different Volume “A” snap of A Volume “A” Contents as of t0 Volume “A” Contents as of t0 updates t3 updates t1 updates t1 Volume “A” receives updates (copy on write) Volume “A” receives more updates Time t0 $ create snapshot “A” t1 t2 t3 t4 .
SnapClone of Virtual Disks Full copy Contents identical Contents different Relation suspended Volume A B snap of A Volume A Contents as of t0 Volume A Vol B content as vol A at t0 A A updates t1 A Cloning finished B Cloning process starts Volume A receives updates (copy on write) time t0 $ create snapclone“A” t1 t2 t3 t4 .
New: 3-phase SnapClone Full copy Contents identical Contents different Relation suspended Volume A B snap of A Volume A Content of A as at t0 Volume A Content of A as at t0 A Create empty container A updates t1 A B Convert B to an empty container Cloning process starts Volume A receives updates (copy on write) Cloning finished t-x t0 $ create snapclone“A” t1 t2 t3 t4 t5 .
New: 3-phase SnapClone Create container .
convert a Vdisk to an empty container .New: 3-phase SnapClone Create Snapclone.
Zero downtime backup Recovering in minutes not hours • What does it do? − Recover data in minutes .not hours − Recovery without movement of data by swapping Business Copy volumes − Controlled by HP Data Protector − Easy. flexible replication and recovery management across heterogeneous environments Client network HP-UX Solaris NT W2k Data Protector Server SAN • Business drivers − When recovery of lost data from tape will take too long for critical applications − When access to data is mission or business critical P-Vol S-Vol .
not hours − Recovery without movement of data by swapping Business Copy volumes − Controlled by HP Data Protector − Easy. flexible replication and recovery management across heterogeneous environments Client network HP-UX Solaris NT W2k Data Protector Server SAN • Business drivers − When recovery of lost data from tape will take too long for critical applications − When access to data is mission or business critical BC1 P-Vol BC3 BC2 t0 t-1 t-2 . not hours • What does it do? − Recover data in minutes .Instant Recovery for XP and EVA Recovering in minutes.
Continuous Access EVA Remote copying • What does it do? − − − − Replicates LUNs between EVAs Provides disaster recovery Simplifies workload management Allows point-in-time database backup − Provides restore without latency • Business drivers − Creates up to 128 Copy Sets for all specified logical units in the array over Fibre Channel and FC extensions − Synchronous and asynchronous support up to 20’000km (200ms round trip time) − Works with all EVAs Dest VOL Source VOL et Copy S Source VOL Dest VOL et Copy S .
DR groups and managed sets DR Group • Consistent Group of replicated copy sets (Vdisks) − − − − − Up to 32 replicated copy sets per DR Group IO ordering across members is guaranteed Share a single write history log Vdisks within a DR Group behave like a single entity Management commands like suspend or failover are handled atomicaly − All source members online on same HSV controller • Therefore a DR Group is the primary level of CA management − − − − Write Mode ([Synchronous] / Asynchronous) Failsafe Mode (Enabled or [Disabled]) Suspend Mode ([Resume] / Suspend) Failover command Managed Sets • Another level of CA management − Collection of DR groups for the purpose of common management − No consistency as between members of a DR Group − If you perform a management command on a Managed Set this command will be run for all contained DR Group one after the other Vdisk DR Group Managed Set .
Multiple relationships • Fan-in of multiple relationships − The ability of one EVA to act as the destination for different LUNs from more than one source EVA EVA6000 EVA4000 EVA3000 • Fan-out of multiple relationships − The ability for different LUNs on one EVA to replicate to different destination EVA EVA5000 • Bidirectional EVA8000 EVA6000 − one array with copy sets acting as the source and destination across the same intersite links or fabric EVA5000 EVA8000 .
EVA CA SAN configuration 2 fabric configuration Server1 Shared SAN for host and CA traffic. Some EVA ports will be used for host and CA IO Management Server Management Server Server2 All EVA ports are used for host IO and some also for CA IO A EVA1 B A EVA2 B .
EVA CA SAN configurations Physically separated 6 fabric configuration Server1 CA traffic is only going through the CA SAN No host IO cross-site possible > CLX EVA Management Server Management Server Server2 A EVA1 B 4 ports per EVA used for host IO 4 ports per EVA used for CA IO A EVA2 B .
CA configurations: Dedicated CA fabrics Physically separated zoned 4 fabric configuration Server1 CA traffic is only going through the CA SAN if the EVA ports are properly zoned off in the host SAN Host IO cross-site possible -> Stretched Cluster Management Server Management Server Server2 A EVA1 B 4 ports per EVA used for Hosts 4 ports per EVA used for CA A EVA2 B .
CA configuration: Dedicated CA zone Zoned 2 fabric configuration Server1 CA traffic is only going through the CA zone if the EVA ports are properly zoned off in the host zones Host IO cross-site possible -> Stretched Cluster Management Server Management Server Server2 A EVA1 B 4 ports per EVA used for Hosts 4 ports per EVA used for CA A EVA2 B .
15 HP Continuous Access EVA • Requirements: − − − − EVA Disk Arrays Metrocluster Continuous Access EVA Max 200ms network roundtrip delay − Command View EVA & SMIS DataCenter 1 DataCenter 2 Up to several 100km .MetroCluster EVA for HP-UX • What does it do? − Provides manual or automated site-failover for Server and Storage resources ServiceGuard for HP-UX Metro Cluster EVA • Supported environments: − HP-UX 11i V1 & 11i V2 − Serviceguard ≥11.
2 − Up to 500km Cluster Extension XP HP Continuous Access EVA • Requirements: − − − − − EVA Disk Arrays Cluster Extension EVA Continuous Access EVA Max 20ms network round-trip delay Command View EVA & SMI-S DataCenter 1 DataCenter 2 Up to 500km .Cluster extension EVA for Windows • What does it do? − Provides manual or automated sitefailover for Server and Storage resources MSCS on Windows • Supported environments: − Microsoft Windows 2003 Enterprise Edition (32-bit & 64-bit) − Microsoft Windows 2003 Data Center Server(64-bit) − NAS4000 & 9000 − HP Proliant DL380/580 Storage Server − Microsoft Cluster Service 5.
Windows 2003 stretched cluster with CA – Majority Node Set (MNS) App A App B Quorum Quorum App A App B Quorum • • DRG A DRG B CA Failover Restart Servers (Rescan) Continuous Access EVA .
Cluster extension EVA CLX – Manual move of App A App A App B Quorum Quorum App A Quorum • Move App A DRG A DRG B Continuous Access EVA .
Cluster extension EVA – Storage failure App A App B Quorum Quorum App A App B Quorum DRG A DRG B Continuous Access EVA .
hp. highly available enterprise storage network Documents HP Services SAN integration.com/go/sandesign • HP StorageWorks SAN Design Guide − − − − − Architecture guidance Massive configuration support Implementation best practices Incorporation of new technologies Include now IP Storage implementation like iSCSI.HP SAN certification and support HP SAN architecture Rules http://www. planning and support services • . NAS/SAN Fusion. FC-IP • Provides the benefit of HP engineering when building a scalable.
Why should you choose the new EVA? Inherited from the current EVA • • • • • Easiest management and setup Virtualization allows better use of resources and automatic striping to prevent hot spots Dynamic LUN expansion Full set of local and remote copy options Known solid HP support Easier implementation and coexistence due to support of industry standard multipathing and native HBAs Higher performance Higher capacities – The EVA8000 supports architecturally > 200TB Added with the new EVA • • • .
Transition Slide hp StorageWorks™ – the right choice .
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