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WASTAGE OF ELECTRICITY
the electric charge. which are called primary sources.The scientist's definition: "Electricity" means only one thing: it's the electrons and protons. 4 . like coal. oil. QUANTITY OF ELECTRICITY. which is a secondary energy source.Examples: CURRENT OF ELECTRICITY.What is Electricity ? Electricity is a basic part of nature and it is one of our most widely used forms of energy. The everyday definition: "Electricity" means only one thing: the electromagnetic field energy sent out by batteries and generators. Examples: PRICE OF ELECTRICITY. 1. . COULOMBS OF ELECTRICITY. from the conversion of other sources of energy. We get electricity. natural gas. 2. KILOWATTHOURS OF ELECTRICITY. nuclear power and other natural sources.
TRIBOELECTRICITY. Other less common definitions: "Electricity" refers to the flowing motion of electrical energy (electric power. Examples: "CURRENT" ELECTRICITY.ETC. 4. Examples: BIOELECTRICITY. 5.. "Electricity" means only one thing: it refers to the amount of imbalance between quantities of electrons and protons.. PIEZOELECTRICITY. ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRICITY . Watts of electricity) "Electricity" really means the electric potential or e-field (Volts of electricity) "Electricity" only means the glowing nitrogen/oxygen plasma (sparks of electricity) "Electricity" is nothing but a field of science (Basic Electricity. Advanced Electricity) 5 .3. AMPERES OF ELECTRICITY. DISCHARGE OF ELECTRICITY. The grade-school definition: "Electricity" means only one thing: it refers to the flowing motion of electric charge. "Electricity" is nothing other than the classes of phenomena involving electric charges. Example: "STATIC" ELECTRICITY. THERMOELECTRICITY. 6.
If one wishes to cut down on the expenses or wishes to save the environment from getting polluted.Causes of Wastage of Electricity Electricity has reached to every nook and corner of the world and has become an essential part of our daily life. etc. solar energy. there is also an increase in the cost of it. water. With the increase in the demand of energy. Electricity is a form of energy which can be created from coal. Let us 6 . soil. Conserving electricity. even when done on a smaller scale like that in the house. can help a great deal. nuclear energy. Also the production of electricity is harmful to the environment as it tends to damage the ecosystem by polluting the air. plant life. conservation electricity is a must. oil. etc.
• If every household installs one energy saving light bulb. • Old household appliances like refrigerators. incandescent lamps utilize maximum energy but can be substituted for other options.take a look at some facts on electricity consumption and conservation in the houses CAUSES OF WASTAGE OF ELECTRICITY In more than half homes all across the world. • Many household appliances like big screen televisions. • 7 . it can lead to considerable energy saving and also prevent carbon emission to a great extent. refrigerators and air conditioners consume as much electricity as that required by an entire office. • In larger homes. water heater and boilers utilize more energy than the newer ones. lighting accounts up to 15% of the electricity bill.
Save Electricity – Switch to Alternative Energy Now and Perform Your Duty of An Electricity Saver! Do we realize that each time we switch on the airconditioner or anything that runs on electricity we 8 .
every watt we burn we pay the bill to the utility company our responsibility ends. . generation. The rate of usage is far more than the rate of replenishment. Electricity saving can be done by reducing wastage of electricity.g . using electricity savers or energy saving devices and energy efficient gadgets e. Yet. How many of us realize actually perform our role of electricity saver? Electricity is generated for domestic consumption in thermal power plants. we only use . Therefore the focus has shifted to alternative energy. Major environmental damage is caused in these traditional processes both in terms of their setting up. Solar panels harness the power of the sun and it is never depleted. The real electricity saver is when we shift the source of electricity to solar energy.are destroying part of nature? With a flick of the switch. The sun has the capacity to provide over a thousand times the global energy requirements. effluent disposal and in building the power distribution of network or grid. These can be the electricity savers in true sense. hydel or hydroelectric generation and to a very small extent in nuclear power plants. . this has a limited impact. With the depletion of fossil fuels from coal to petroleum. .02% of our energy requirements from this source. However. the planet will be devoid of these scarce resources in a few 100 years. While there is a time consuming shift to alternate energy several 9 .
Major moves have been made by the Federal Government in is budget to focus on electricity saver strategies.electricity saver tools can be used. solar heaters. Energy saving or electricity saving has become a focal point for several Governments worldwide. and solar cars are some ways where electricity savings can be achieved. While a low base rate is kept for the low-end user. The focus on energy saving and electricity saving in Government policies is best appreciated when we 10 . A qualitative method used for electricity saving is by analyzing usage patterns one can shift peak power usage to off-peak. This acts as a deterrent to consumers and thereby saves electricity significantly. This has become a real tool as an efficient electricity saver. the government is serious in bringing about electricity saving. Solar energy saving can be achieved at high temperatures through molten salts. From tax breaks to research. solar powered cars. the per unit rate has a steep rise once the slab or threshold is crossed. Solar energy is not available at nigh however. Energy saving bulbs. solar powered lamps. in certain locations wind energy is a better alternative. several energy saving and conserving techniques have been discovered. Solar One and Solar Two technologies are the most common methods of conserving solar power. Also. The tariff structure of most commercial utility companies reflects this. Off – grid PV systems are also used as electricity savers.
Energy saved is environment saved! 11 . If we reduce the use of electricity and avoid it wastage as much as possible then we can become not only a good electricity saver but also an environment saver! After all. even at small level. So this could be the best and most efficient strategy which can act as an electricity saver. we can help in saving energy.look at President Obama’s pledge to spend over USD 150 billion over ten years to develop alternative energy. The cost of generating solar power is relatively cheaper than traditional electricity. However.
Remedies! Can We Stop Wastage of Electricity? 12 .
It is also better for your health. If a screensaver is installed. 4. Spend the time exercising or take a walk. 5. The electricity consumption of a frost free refrigerator is almost 50% more than that of a non-frost free refrigerator. An LCD monitor consumes less power than a CRT monitor. 13 . A CRT monitor account for more than 60% of the total energy consumption of the computer. 3. Your electricity consumption will reduce and you may get discounts on your electricity bill and property tax bill. Instead of using a geyser try to install a solar water heater. 6. Switch off all electrical devices when they are not in use. Switch off your computer when not in use. Set the temperature setting knob in the refrigerator at medium. Select home appliances carefully.Most of the electricity is generated from coal. A few small changes will help you reduce your monthly electricity bill. 1. Replace all bulbs with CFL lamps which consume less electricity. Do not open the refrigerator door often. which is a fossil fuel and causes atmospheric pollution. 2. electricity is consumed even when you are working on the computer. since this will increase the cooling requirement and electricity consumption. Make it a habit to switch off the fan and tube light when you leave a room. Watch less TV.
C.Check the functioning of the refrigerator regularly. The lower the temperature. 14 . the sea breeze provides natural cooling. your electricity bill will double. 8. If the refrigerant starts leaking . Install an air conditioner only if it is essential. In most coastal areas. 7. Switch on the air conditioner only when temperatures are high and set the air conditioner temperature to 26 deg. Mahadiscom (formerly MSEB) will check your electric meter for free. If your electricity bill has increased suddenly without any reason. you have to give a written application to the nearest office. If there is a problem with the compressor or the refrigerant gas (usually freon) starts leaking. the higher the electricity consumption. Start the air conditioner an hour after starting work and shut off an hour before ending work. Get a new refrigerator . since repairs are expensive and there is no guarantee. the refrigerator will smell. you can request the power utility to check the electric meter.
IF YOU ASK ME. I SAID DON’T USE IT UNNESCESSARILY! ME: YOU MEAN THAT WE SHOULD REDUCE ELECTRICAL CONSUMPTION. LIKE THIS THEY USE UNWANTED BULBS THINKING THAT IT DECORATES THE HOUSE. ME: WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT TODAYS USAGE OF ELECTRICITY? EB OFFICER: I THINK NOW-A-DAYS PEOPLE WASTE ELECTRICITY…………………. RIGHT? EB OFFICER: I DIDN’T SAY DON’T USE BULBS. EXACTLY 15 .Interview with an EB officer ME: GOOD MORNING SIR! YOUR GOOD NAME PLEASE. BUT THEY ARE WRONG THEY ARE DESTROYING THEMSELVES……… ME: BUT WE DO NEED BULBS. EB OFFICER: YEAH……. EB OFFICER: I AM RAMESH. ME: WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY “WATSE ELECTRICITY”? EB OFFICER: A 100 WATT LIGHT BULB BURNING IN THE ATTIC 24/7 IS WASTE.
RAISE YOUR AC THERMOSTAT 10 DEGREES………………….. THEY ARE THE ONES WHO CAN CHANGE THE WORLD.” ME: IT WAS GREAT TALKING TO YOU. OF COURSE.. ME: LIKE??????????? EB OFFICER: USE 60 WATT BULBS INSTEAD OF 100 WATT BULBS…………………….. EB OFFICER: THANK YOU. THANK YOU FOR SCHEDULING YOUR VALUABLE TIME FOR ME. ME: SIR WOULD YOU LIKE TO SAY SOMETHING AS AN ADVICE TO THE YOUTH GENERATION? EB OFFICER: YES. USE LED BULBS………………………. ME: SIR YOU SAY THAT WE SHOULD NOT WASTE ELECTRICITY BUT WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF SUCH WASTAGE?????????????? EB OFFICER: AS I SAID TECHNOLOGY…………………………….ME: HOW CAN WE REDUCE ELECTRICAL CONSUMPTION? EB OFFICER: THERE IS LOTS OF WAYS…………. USE A FLASHLIGHT INSTEAD OF BULBS…………………………. REMEMBER AND ACT ACCORDING TO “ENERGY CONSERVATION IS THE FOUNDATION OF ENERGY INDEPENDENCE.. USE A GAS HOT WATER HEATER INSTEAD OF ELECTRIC………………... 16 .
ILLUSTRATIONS 17 .
Our one source of energy The ultimate discovery Electric blue for me Never more to be free Electricity Nuclear and help Carbon fuels from the sea Wasted electricity Our one source of energy Electricity All we need to live today A gift for man to throw away The chance to change has nearly gone The alternative is only one The final source of energy Solar electricity 18 .
SPARKS AND BATTERIES by DARLENE R.google. www. STILLE 3.Electricity…………… Electricity…………… Electricity……………. ELECTRICITY: BULBS. TEACH YOURSELF ELECTRICITY AND ELECTRONICS by STAN GIBILSCO ELECTRICITY by RAY ROBINSON 4. Electricity…………… Electricity……………. Referred Sites: 1. ELECTRICITY by IAN F. Bibliography Referred Books: 1. MAHANEY 2.com 19 .
org www. www.encyclopedia.2. 5.com 20 .wikianswers.britannica.com www. 4.com www.wikipedia. 3.