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Code No: RR220206 Set No.

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II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2006
CONTROL SYSTEMS
( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics &
Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering,
Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and
Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

1. (a) Find the transfer function X(s)/F(s) of the system Figure 1 given below.

Figure 1:

(b) Define transfer function and determine the transfer function of RLC series
circuit if voltage across the capacitor is output variable and input is voltage
source V(s). [8+8]

2. (a) Explain the effect of feedback on noise to signal ratio.


(b) With the help of sketches, explain the construction and working principle of
a Synchro transmitter. [8+8]

3. The open loop transfer function of a unity feedback control system is

K
G(S) = s(1+T s)

(a) By what factor should the amplifier gain “K” be multiplied in order to increase
the damping ratio from 0.2 to 0.8?
(b) By what factor should ‘K’ be multiplied so that the maximum overshoot for
a step input decreases from 60% to 10%? [8+8]

4. (a) The characteristic equation of a control system is given by


S 4 + 20S 3 + 15S 2 +2S+K=0 use Routh-Hurwitz criterion to find the value of
K for which the system will be marginally stable and the frequency of the
corresponding sustained Oscillations.

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Code No: RR220206 Set No. 1
(b) Explain :
i. Rise time
ii. Peak time
iii. Peak percent overshoot.
With regard to the unit step response of a prototype second order system.
[10+6]

5. (a) Show that the breakaway and break-in points, if any, on the real axis for the
(s)
root locus for G(s)H(s)= KN
D(s)
, where N(s) and D(s) are rational polynomials
in s, can be obtained by solving the equation dKds
=0.
(b) By a step by step procedure draw the root locus diagram for a unity negative
feedback system with open loop transfer function G(s)= sK(s+1)
2 (s+9) . Mark all the

salient points on the diagram. Is the system stable for all the values of K?
[8+8]

6. (a) Explain various frequency domain specification.


(b) For a 2nd Order system with unity feedback G(s) = 200/S(S+8), find various
frequency domain specification. [8+8]

7. (a) Explain the Relative stability.


s+2
(b) The open loop transfer function of a unity feed back system is G(s)H(s)= (s+1)(s−1)
Comment on the stability. [6+10]

8. (a) For the
 given system X = AX
 + BU, Y = CX.
0 1 0 0  
A= 0 0 1  B= 0  C= 1 0 0
−1 −2 −3 1
Obtain Jordan form representation of state equation of A. Also find the trans-
fer function.
(b) Derive the expression for the transfer function G(s) = Y(s) / U(s) .Given the
state

model
X =AX+BU
Y=CX+DU [8+8]

?????

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Code No: RR220206 Set No. 2
II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2006
CONTROL SYSTEMS
( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics &
Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering,
Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and
Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

1. (a) Define transfer function and what are its limitations.


(b) Obtain the transfer function for the following electrical network. Figure 1
[6+10]

Figure 1:

2. Derive the Transfer Function for a.c. servomotor. Explain about torque-speed
characteristics. [8+8]
C(S) 2
ωn
3. (a) Consider the closed-loop system given by R(s)
= s2 +2ξωn s+ωn
2

Determine the values of ξ and ωn so that the system responds to a step input
with approximately 5% overshoot and with a setting time of 2 sec. (Use the
2% criterion).
(b) What are the time response specifications? Explain each of them. [8+8]

4. (a) Explain error constants Kp , Kv , Ka for Type I system.


(b) Given the open-loop transfer function of a unity feedback system as G(s)=
10
s(0.1s+1)
, Find kp , kv andka .
(c) What are the limitations of the Routh Hururitz criteria. [6+6+4]

5. (a) Show that the breakaway and break-in points, if any, on the real axis for the
(s)
root locus for G(s)H(s)= KN
D(s)
, where N(s) and D(s) are rational polynomials
in s, can be obtained by solving the equation dKds
=0.

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Code No: RR220206 Set No. 2
(b) By a step by step procedure draw the root locus diagram for a unity negative
feedback system with open loop transfer function G(s)= sK(s+1)
2 (s+9) . Mark all the

salient points on the diagram. Is the system stable for all the values of K?
[8+8]

6. (a) Define phase margin and gain margin. [4]


(b) Sketch bode plot & find value of ‘K’ such that gain cross - over frequency. is
KS 2
5 rad/sec. G(s) = (1+0.2S)(1+0.02S) [8+4]

7. (a) Explain how polar plots are useful in finding the stability of a system
(b) Sketch the Nyquist plot and find the stability of the following system.
100
G(s)H(s)= (s+2)(s+4)(s+8) [8+8]

8. (a) For the
 given system X = AX
 + BU, Y = CX.
0 1 0 0  
A= 0 0 1  B= 0  C= 1 0 0
−1 −2 −3 1
Obtain Jordan form representation of state equation of A. Also find the trans-
fer function.
(b) Derive the expression for the transfer function G(s) = Y(s) / U(s) .Given the
state

model
X =AX+BU
Y=CX+DU [8+8]

?????

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Code No: RR220206 Set No. 3
II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2006
CONTROL SYSTEMS
( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics &
Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering,
Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and
Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

1. (a) Derive the transfer function of the Figure 1 given, using block diagram reduc-
tion technique.

Figure 1:

(b) Derive the transfer function of the following system. Figure 2 [8+8]
2. (a) Explain how the potentiometers are used as error sensing devices. Give a
typical application of it with single line diagram.
(b) Discuss the effect of disturbance signal of the speed control system for a gaso-
lineengine as shown in Figure 3assuming K=10. [8+8]

3. Consider a system shown in Figure 4, employing proportional plus error-rate con-


trol. Determine the value of the error-rate factor Ke so that the damping ratio is
0.5. Determine the values of settling time, maximum overshoot when subjected to
with and without error-rate control a unit step input. [10+6]
4. (a) The open-loop transfer function of a servo system with unity feedback isG(s)=
10
s(0.1s+1)
. Evaluate the static error constants (Kp , Kv , Ka ) for the system. Ob-
tain the steady-state error of the system when subjected to an input given by
the polynomial r(t)=a0 +a1 t + a22 t2

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Code No: RR220206 Set No. 3

Figure 2:

Figure 3:

Figure 4:

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Code No: RR220206 Set No. 3
(b) The open-loop transfer function of a unity feedback control system is given by
K
G(s)= (s+2)(s+4)(s 2 +6s+25) . By applying the Routh criterion, discuss the stability

of the closed-loop system as a function of K. Determine the values of K,


which will cause sustained oscillations in the closed-loop system. What are
the corresponding oscillation frequencies? [8+8]

5. A unity feedback system has a plant G(s) = K (s+0.5) / s(s+ 1) (s2 +2s+ 2) sketch
the root locus and find the roots when ζ = 0.5. [8+8]

6. For a 2nd order system characteristic eq n is S 2 + 4S +25 = 0. Determine the


resonance magnitude, normalized resonance freq, and resonance angle. Also find
resonance freq. ω [4x4]

7. (a) Explain how polar plots are useful in finding the stability of a system
(b) Sketch the Nyquist plot and find the stability of the following system.
100
G(s)H(s)= (s+2)(s+4)(s+8) [8+8]

8. (a) Define the terms


i. State variable
ii. State transition matrix. [4+4]
(b) Obtain the state equation and output equation of the electric network show
in Figure5 [8]

Figure 5:

?????

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Code No: RR220206 Set No. 4
II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2006
CONTROL SYSTEMS
( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics &
Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering,
Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and
Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????

1. (a) By means of relevant diagrams explain the working principles of a practical


closed loop system.
(b) Find the transfer function for the Figure 1 given below using block diagram
reduction technique. [6+10]

Figure 1:

2. (a) Derive the transfer function of a field controlled d.c. Servomotor and develop
the block diagram. Clearly state the assumptions made in the derivation.
(b) What are the effects of feedback on the performance of a system? Briefly
explain. [8+8]

3. (a) Consider the system shown in Figure2. determine the values of K and k
such that the system has a damping ratio ξ of 0.7 and an undamped natural
frequency ωn of 4 rad/sec.
(b) Consider the unit-step response of a unity-feedback control system whose
1
open-loop transfer function is G(s)= s(s+1) . Obtain the rise time, peak time,
maximum overshoot, and setting time. [8+8]

4. (a) Define the terms


i. Absolute stability
ii. Marginal stability
iii. Conditional stability.

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Code No: RR220206 Set No. 4

Figure 2:

(b) By means of Routh Criterion, determine the stability of the system represented
by the characteristic equation.
s4 + 2s3 + 8s2 +4s+3=0 [6+10]

5. A unity feedback system has the plant transfer function G(s)= K/ s (s2 +24s+ 144).
Find the angle of departure from the complex pole and the gain when the poles are
at imaginary axis. [10+6]

6. For the 2nd order closed loop control system of Figure3, the peak overshoot is 25%.
At the peak magnitude (Mr ) the resonant frequency ωr = 10 rad/sec. Determine
the values of K, a, Mr, bandwidth (ωb ) & tpeak when unit step is applied what is
the value of velocity constant Kv & steady state error of the system when a ramp
excitation of r(t) = 10 t is applied. [4x4]

Figure 3:

7. Draw the Nyquist Plot for the open loop system G(s) = K(s+3)
s(s−1)
and find its stability.
Also find the phase margin and gain margin. [8+8]

8. (a) Define the terms


i. State variable
ii. State transition matrix. [4+4]

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Code No: RR220206 Set No. 4
(b) Obtain the state equation and output equation of the electric network show
in Figure4 [8]

Figure 4:

?????

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