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SA

AG TENSION
N CALCULAT
TION
Iden
ntification No.

Departme
ent: Authorr: Status: Date: Language: Revision: Page:

PTPS--TST Manoj 16/10/2010
0 en NIL 1/7

Proje
ect: 765/400kV KORADI S/S (SS-1)
Case:
: 400KV QUAD
D ACSR MOOS
SE 34.5 MTRSS
SAG TENSION
N CALCULATIONS
============
= ==============
NOTE: TH
HE FOLLOWIN
NG CALCULATI
IONS ARE MA
ADE WITH
RE
EFERENCE TO
O ROLF KOCHs
s PAPER
------------------
------------
----------------------
-----------
------------------
------------
----------------------
-----------
1.
1 INPUT DA
ATA
A) General Data
Voltage level of phase
p conduc
ctor, V = 400.000 kV
Span len
ngth with girder
g h, D = 34.500 m
width
Span len ding girder width, DL = 32.500 m
ngth exclud
Height difference
d wers, HD = 0.000 m
between tow
Maximum temperatur
re for Sag calculation
c n, TMAX = 85
5.000 deg.C
Minimum temperatur
re for Sag calculation
c n, TMIN = 0.
.000 deg.C
Temperature steps for Sag callculation, TSTEP = 5.0
000 deg.C
Initial maximum te
ension, TENSSIO = 4000.0 kg at 0.0
0 deg. C
B) Conducto
or Data
Type of conductor = ACSR
Weight of
o conductoor, W0 = 2.0
004 kg/m
ctor, DIA = 0.031770 m
Diameter of conduc
Area of cross sect
tion of cond
ductor, ARE
EA = 597.0000 sq. mm
Modulus of elastic ductor, ES = 7033.640 kg/sq. mm
city of cond
Coefficient of the sion, ET = 0.00002150 per deg. C
ermal expans
Number of
o conductoor in bundle
e, NM = 4
Wind pressure on conductor,
c P
PRC = 205.000 kg/sq.m
C) Insulato
or String Data
D
Length of
o disc ins ing, L1 = 3.600 m
sulator stri
Diameter of disc insulator
i st
tring, DIAS
S = 0.255 m
Total weight of di or string, W4 = 187.50
isc insulato 00 kg
Wind pressure on disc
d insulat
tor string, PRS = 205..000 kg/sq.m
m
D) Insulato
or String Hardware
H Dat
ta
Length of
o disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re, L2 = 1.3
364 m
Weight of
o disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re, WH = 60.
.100 kg
Weight of
o disc ins
sulator stri
ing hardwar
re with wind
d load, WHW = 90.000 kg
k

E) Spacer Data
D
Number of
o spacer, NS = 4
Distance of first spacer from
m left end of conducto
or, SP1 = 10.000 m
Distance of last spacer
s from left end of
o conductorr, SP2 = 24.500 m
Weight of
o spacer, WS = 3.500 kg
F) Dropper Data
Number of
o dropper, ND = 0
-----
----------------------------------
--------------------------------------------
--
-
No. POS
P LD DropCond Wd DDIAA DArea DEs DET NMD CLAMP
(m)
( (m) type ) (sq.m) (kg/sq.m) (d
(kg/m) (m) deg.C)
----------------------
----- ------------
--------------------------------------------
--
-
-----
----------------------------------
--------------------------------------------
--
-
Where,
POS (m) : Po
osition of dropper
d froom left end of span
LD (m) : Le opper from left end of
ength of dro f span
DropCondd : Dr
ropper condu
uctor type
Wd (kg/mm) : We
eight of dro
opper conduuctor
DDIA (m) : Di
iameter of dropper
d connductor
DArea (sq.m) : Cr ross section
n area of dropper
d cond
ductor
DEs (kg/sq.m) : Moodulus of el
lasticity of
o dropper conductor
c
DET (degg.C) : Co
oefficient of
o thermal expansion ofo dropper conductor
NMD : Nu
umber of sub
b-conductorr in dropper
r conductor
CLAMP : Nu
umber of PG clamps in dropper connductor
Weight of
o PG clamp
p, WPG = 0.0
000 kg
2.
2 GENERAL PARTICULAR
RS

We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa
ation therein. Re
eproduction, use or disclosure to third
t parties
withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden

of subconductor NS * WS = W0 + --------- DCL * NM = 2.534 4 kg B) Reaction n at end B ----------------- RB = [ (W*(DSC+DCL L/2) + SUM(P PL*DIS) ] / DL kg W .025 4 46.875 ---------------- SUM(PL) = 123.1159 = 48.Coonductor sp pan length in i m We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.Distance of starting of f conductor r from left end support in m DCL .875 2 15.W2 = 1.Pooint load in i kg DIS .100 kg Weight of o hardware e with wind load.-------------------------------- without spacers Lengtth of Conduuctor * No.413 3 kg Weight of o hardware e without wi ind load. W7 = W4/ /NM = 46.513 6 kg/m Resultan nt load on conductor.861 6 kg/m Wind load on insullator string g.572 * 2. WHW = 90. WID = 1.----------------------------------- -----------------------------. l WDW = SQRT ( WD * WD + WID * WID) Weight of o Dropper -----------------------------.No PL L (kg) ---------------- 1 46.875 5 kg Insulato or load witth wind load d on each subconductorr.----------------------------------- 3. WDD = (LD * Wd d * NMD + Loading due to clamps)/NM Wind load on droppper.025 3 15. W1 Weight of o conducto or Numbeer of spaceers * Weight t of spacer = + -----.734 4 kg Total lo oad on supp ght due to conductor + Sum of point loads ports = Weig TW = W + SUM(PL) ---------------- S.02 1 * LD * DDIA * PRRC Weight of o dropper with wind load.572 m Weight of o conducto or with spac cers. WH1W = WHW W/NM = 22. Departme ent: Authorr: Status: Date: Language: Revision: Page: PTPS--TST Manoj 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 2/7 Length of o ACSR con nductor. W3 = SQRT T ( W1*W1 + W2*W2 ) = 6.025 5 kg Weight of o hardware e with wind load on ea ach subcondu uctor. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .Weight due to t conductor r in kg DSC .WITHOUT T WIND LOAD ------------------ ------------ ---------------------- - A) Total lo oad on suppports ---------------------- Weight due d to condductor = length of the conductor c * Weight of conductor per p unit length with spacer and witthout wind load l W = 22.----------------------------------- Dropper Weight of dropper Wind load on o Weight t of dropper r No. without wind load dropper with w wind load (kg) (kg) (k kg) -----------------------------. WH1 = WH/ /NM = 15. SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Iden ntification No.000 kg g Weight of o hardware e without wi ind load onn each subco onductor. Re eproduction.159 kg g/m Wind load on ACSR conductor over o full projected p ar rea . s W6 =SQRT(W4*W4 4 + W5*W5) = 265.800 kg TW = 48.5 500 kg Weight of o dropper without win nd load.190 kg Resultan nt load of insulator string. 3 CROSS FO ORCE AREA AND A CROSS FO ORCE MOMENT TS .0 0 * PRC * DI IA = 6.Length of co onductor in m PL .8000 = 172.Distance of point load from left end support t in m DL . DCL L = 22. WH W = 60. W5 = 2 * PRS * L1 * DIAS = 188 8.734+123. W8 = W6/ /NM = 66.653 kg Insulato or load witthout wind load l on eac ch subconduc ctor.

6188 253.3667 -24.367 202. SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Iden ntification No.800 0 86.267 155.682 4.6188 269.052 3 0.86.4 471 7 2.800 1.2811 155.700 0 -39.0000 -24. ---------------------- -----------.682 4.286 27.267 6697.000 137.8 858 6 0.717 sq.3992 -39.7 710 3 0.000 --- -------------------------------------------------------.7711 253. ------------------ NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 H2 ASEG = ACUM DSEG*(H11+H2)/2 ---------------------- --.000 1116.536 6 0.kg-m m 4.750 kg k m RB = 86.282 2 39.282 2 39.367 -16.800 32. ---------------------------------------------------- m m kg kg sq.218 8 -24.267 kgg C) Reaction n at end A ----------------- Reaction n at end A = Total loa ad on suppo orts .2667 86.286 16. ---------------------- -----------.375 2 15.392 1925. -- 1 46.482 4. ----------------- m m kg kg kg m kg m --- -------------------------------------------------------.700 1439.250 0 24.RBR = 172.671 4 11.0000 -24.8 818 2 2.367 202.kg m --- -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 1. -- SUM (PL L*DIS) = 2011.337 3 15.3667 -24.218 8 -24.4 471 4 11.3992 -39.281 2 2.8 875 1 1. ----------------- 1 1.53 34 . ---------------------------------. 4 CROSS FO ORCE AREA AND A CROSS FO ORCE MOMENT TS .267 -155.0 025 4 4.5044 407.3667 0. SM = SUM (SSEG) = OF CROSS FORCE MOM 19885. ---------------------- -----------.2667 86.8 818 --- -------------------------------------------------------------------------- SUM S MENTS.392 1925.367 16. ------------------ Distance of maximu um sag pointt from left end suppor rt = 16.218 423.800 1.0 025 28 8.800 0 86.392 -97.2667 -86.3667 0.800 84.No o.482 30.7 710 8 1.286 16.964 4 24. PL DIS PL*DIS -------------.367 1116.250 0 24.286 27.500 0 -86.2667 -86.3667 24.2677 kg = 86.482 30. Re eproduction.3992 39. .052 7 2.7711 155.React tion at end B RA R = TW .281 1 0.8 858 5 11.282 64.536 6 0. .682 28.482 4. Departme ent: Authorr: Status: Date: Language: Revision: Page: PTPS--TST Manoj 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 3/7 -------------- ------------ ---------------------- -- S.367 -137.800 32.063 -------------.250 m Cross fo orce area upto u maximumm sag point = 407.8 875 30 0.964 4 24.975 4 46.174 5 11.392 97.267 6697.682 28. -- kg m kg m -------------.3992 39.700 0 -39.267 7 kg D) Cross foorce areas ------------------ - Total nu umber of se egments in shear s forcee diagram = 8 --- -------------------------------------------------------.504 4 269. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .500 0 -86.281 8 1. ------------------ SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMULLATIVE HEIG GHTS OF AREAS OFF CUM MULATIVE NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGMMENTS SEGMENTSS AREAS --- -------------------------------------------------------.WITH WI IND LOAD ------------------ ------------ ------------------ A) Total lo oad on supp ports ------------------ ---- Weight due d to cond ductor = length of the conductor c * Weight of conductor per p unit length with We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.3667 24.1774 kg-m E) Cross foorce moment ts ------------------ ---- --- -------------------------------------------------------------------------- SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMULLATIVE HEIG GHTS OF ORCE MOMENTS CROSS FO NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGMMENTS OF SEGME ENTS --- -------------------------------------------------------------------------- NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 H2 SSEG = 1*H1+H2*H2+H1*H2)/6 DSEG*(H1 ---------------------- --.671 6 0.

282 2 99.Length of co onductor in m PL .827 kg TW = 154.8133 547.482 4.938 248.Distance of point load from left end supportt in m DL . Departme ent: Authorr: Status: Date: Language: Revision: Page: PTPS--TST Manoj 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 4/7 spacer and witth wind load d W = 22.482 30.477 7 2.351 -299.800 1.271 5 11.500 4 66.700 2038.477 3 0.RBR = 332.React tion at end B RA R = TW .290 6 0.8133 600.4338 77.218 634.875 kg Total lo oad on suppports = Weig ght due to conductor + Sum of point loads TW = W + SUM(PL) ---------------- S. Re eproduction.4 413 30 0.432 2 2. ---------------------------------.286 16.875+177. ------------------ ---------------------- SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMULLATIVE HEIGGHTS OF ORCE MOMENTS CROSS FO NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGM MENTS OF SEGME ENTS We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.700 0 -99.413 2 22.Weight due to t conductorr in kg DSC .286 27.000 436.166.9338 -99.536 6 0.800 32.4338 -77.4322 299.No o.0455 547.2271 kg-m E) Cross foorce moment ts ------------------ ---- --- ---------------------------------.8861 kg = 154.544 2 22.351 kgk C) Reaction n at end A ----------------- Reaction n at end A = Total loa ad on suppo orts . PL DIS PL*DIS -------------- ---------------------------------- -- kg m kg m -------------- ---------------------------------- -- 1 66.250 0 77.682 28.438 -52.282 96.890 -------------- ---------------------------------- -- SUM (PL L*DIS) = 2889. ------------------ Distance of maximu um sag pointt from left end suppor rt = 16.413 ---------------- SUM(PL) = 177.684 kg k m RB = 166. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .438 52.572 * 6.9811 1037.Coonductor sp pan length in i m -------------- ---------------------------------- -- S.70 02 .8827 = 332.045 5 299.5 500 28 8.290 4 11.905 4 66. ----------------- 1 1.3551 -166. ----------------- m m kg kg kg m kg m --- -------------------------------------------------------.432 8 1.964 4 77.432 2 -0.No PL L (kg) ---------------- 1 66.438 -436.9338 99.70 02 kg B) Reaction n at end B ----------------- RB = [ (W*(DSC+DCL L/2) + SUM(PPL*DIS) ] / DL kg W .0000 -77.800 0 166.Pooint load in i kg DIS .000 --- -------------------------------------------------------.35 51 kg D) Cross foorce areas ------------------ - Total nu umber of se egments in shear s forcee diagram = 8 --- -------------------------------------------------------.4338 0.500 0 -166. ------------------ NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 H2 ASEG = ACUM DSEG*(H11+H2)/2 ---------------------- --.4 413 1 1.Distance of starting off conductor r from left end support in m DCL .3551 166.682 4.5 500 4 4.938 -248.500 3 22.800 119.218 8 -77.250 m Cross fo orce area upto u maximumm sag point = 1037.345 3 22.3551 kg = 166.981 1 600. ------------------ SEG GMENT WIDTH H OF CUMULLATIVE HEIG GHTS OF AREAS OFF CUM MULATIVE NUM MBER SEGME ENT WIDTH H SEGMMENTS SEGMENTSS AREAS --- -------------------------------------------------------.351 299. SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Iden ntification No.

. C ---------------------------------------------------- --- at the maximum m sag g point ------------------------- SIGMA1 = 1.8 840 7 2.1174 / ( 597.000 deg.938 12394.599 kg/ k sq. d C Substituting the above value es in the Equation E for r Tension (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA . -----------.mm SM1 = 101248. --------- ( AREA**2 * A * SIG GMA1**2 + ES*ET*(T T1-T0) ] ES*SM2 = ------------ (AREA**2)* A -----------------.675 kg g/ sq.WITHOUT WIND. SIGMA A = 0.438 2044.0000 -77.800 1.675 + 21. ---------------------- - We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein.6 604 6 0.250 0 77.000 11279. Departme ent: Authorr: Status: Date: Language: Revision: Page: PTPS--TST Manoj 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 5/7 --- ---------------------- ---------------------------------- ------------------ NSE EG DSEG DCUM H1 H2 SSEG = DSEG*(H1 1*H1+H2*H2+H1*H2)/6 ---------------------- --.500 0 -166.5 545 3 0. .700 0 -99.kg-m 5.kg m --- ---------------------- ---------------------------------- ------------------ 1 1.59 99 ) = 1.139 9 m STRESS.1.964 4 77.TEN NSION. SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Iden ntification No. ---------------------- -----------.kg m T1 = 85.286 16.KG M T0 = INITIAL TEMPE ERATURE CORR RESPONDING TO SIGMA1 IN I DEG.---------------------- ------------- AT A POINT SIGMA ATT T W/O WIN ND LOAD * AREA A C) Evaluation of condductor Tensiion and Sag g at the max ximum ---------------------------------------------------- --- sag point at diffferent tempeeratures ------------------------------------------ Evaluation of condductor Tensiion and Sag g at 85.800 0 166.075 MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA + 33. K MM .482 4. Re eproduction.4338 77.4338 0.6 604 5 11.3551 166.3551 -166.351 24905.SAG AT A MAX SAG POINT P AT DIFFERENT TEM MPERATURES FOR EACH S SUB-CONDUCTO OR --------------------.4 406 --- ---------------------- ---------------------------------- ------------------ SUM S MENTS.912 + 122.682 28. ------------------ ---------------------- m m kg kg sq.075 (SIGM Solving the abo ove equationn for SIGMA A.286 27. C SM2 = 19885. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden . C = 407. C AREA = AREA A OSS SECTION OF CONDUCT OF CRO TOR IN SQ. 5 EVALUATION OF COND DUCTOR TENSI ION AND SAG G .8 840 4 11.789 sq.000 deeg.536 6 0.854 ] = 12.mm Solvingg the Equat tion of Sag SAG at 85.4 406 2 2. ---------- ES*SM1 (SIGMA**2) * [ SIG GMA-SIGMA1 + ------------------.7789 sq.MM M GTH OF THE SPAN IN M A = LENG ------------------ ------------ ---------------------.kg m T0 = 0.938 12394.682 4. ---------------------- -----------.218 8 -77.5 545 8 1.0 deg g.282 2 99.KG M T1 = FIN NAL TEMP CO ORRESPONDING G TO SIGMA IN DEG.800 32.7117 sq.4338 -77. SM = SUM (SSEG) = OF CROSS FORCE MOM 101248 8. MM SM2 = ST TATIC MOMEN NTS CORRESPO ONDING TO SIGMA S IN SQ.0 de eg.9338 99.351 24905.438 11279.091 ] = 12. ------------------ ------------ ---------- A) Equation n for Tensi ion: SIGMA1 =INITIAL TE ENSION AT TE EMP T0 IN KG/SQ.438 2044.9338 -99.000 * 0. SM1 = ST TATIC MOMEN NTS CORRESPO ONDING TO SIGMA1 S IN SQQ. -------------- B) Equation n for Sag: (Sag in m ) ------------------ ----------- SUM OF CROSS C FORCE E AREAS W/O WIND LOAD SAG AT T TEMP T UPTO THEE POINT = -------.482 30. C SIGMA = TENSION TO O BE FOUND OUT O IN KG/S SQ.

114 17 80.332 3 10.449 1.00 0.337 4 15.00 0 deg.336 kg/ k sq.091 ] = 61. .C) (KG/MM22) (KG) (M) --------------------- ---------------------------------- ---------------------- - 1 0.00 0.72 430. .55 925.1.912 + 122.521 0. .C) (KG/MM2) (KG) (M) (M) --------------------- ---------------------------------- ---------------------- - 1 0.000 deeg.149 1.961 6 25.57 939.099 1.mm Solvingg the Equat tion of Swinng SWING at 85.62 968.NO.60 953.00 0.126 18 85.675 kg g/ sq. TEMP.636 1. 6 EVALUATION OF COND DUCTOR DEFLE ECTION AND TENSION .714 0.771 1.kg m T1 = 85.mm SM1 = 101248.00 0.61 365.899 2 5.481 MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA + 33.00 0.120 0. C = 1037. SIGMA A = 1.745 1.074 14 65.931 4 15.3336 ) = 1. C = 1.946 5 20.00 0.120 0.00 1.747 0.087 15 70.054 0.924 1.000 deg.854 ] = 61.00 1.65 983.101 16 75.68 405.965 1.353 We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein. TEMP.342 5 20.455 1.75 444.69 411.019 10 45.76 452.00 0.62 369.347 6 25.104 0.00 0. STRESSS TE ENSION SAG (DEG.7789 sq.00 1.281 1.061 13 60.047 12 55.67 399.64 379.00 0.70 417.61 361.73 437.314 1.251) = 0. SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Iden ntification No.0 degg.68 1000.033 11 50.kg m T0 = 0.00 0.037 0.NO. SWING G AND SAG AT A MAX SAG POINT P AT DIFFERENT TEM MPERATURES FOR EACH S SUB-CONDUCTOOR --------------------- ---------------------------------- ---------------------- - S.65 388.412 1. C SM2 = 101248.00 1.326 2 5.00 0.00 0. .573 1.478 1.64 383.0 deg. . use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden . Departme ent: Authorr: Status: Date: Language: Revision: Page: PTPS--TST Manoj 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 6/7 S.276 0.005 9 40.00 0.990 8 35.60 357. .).WITH W WIND ------------------ ------------ ------------------ A) Equation n for Swing g: ------------------ ------- SUM M OF CROSSF FORCE AREAS WITH WIND LOAD SWING AT TEMP T U UPTO THE POI INT = ---------------------- --. C ---------------------------------------------------- --- at the maximum m sag g point ------------------------- SIGMA1 = 1. STRESS TENSIO ON SWING G SAG (DEG.00 0.00 0.409 m ST TRESS. Re eproduction.300 * COS (1.00 0.481 (SIGM Solving the abo ove equationn for SIGMA A. d C Substituting the above value es in the Equation E of Swing (SIGM MA * SIGMA) * [ SIGMA .300 0 m Solvingg the Equat tion of SAG SAG at 85.000 * 1.937 1.00 1.63 374.675 + 21.139 --------------------- ---------------------------------- ---------------------- - 6.000 1.7789 sq.00 0.942 0.71 423.00 0.454 0.071 0.66 394. SWA ANG = InvTan (W2/W W1) SAG AT TEMP T T (VER RTICAL)= SWI ING AT TEMP P T * COS (S SWANG) Evaluation of condductor Tensiion and Swing at 85.915 3 10. ------------------ AT A POINT SIG GMA AT T WITH WIND LOA AD * AREA B) Equation n for Sag: ------------------ -- Swing an ngle for co onductor at sag point (rad.088 0.976 7 30.271 / ( 597.00 1.224 1.

.00 1.228 0.51 900.00 1.494 1.136 0.43 854.409 --------------------- -----------.243 0. .47 876.367 10 45. Re eproduction. SA AG TENSION N CALCULAT TION Iden ntification No.372 11 50. .49 888.512 1. . .391 15 70. . . .00 1.526 1.00 1.38 824.869 1.405 18 85.386 14 65.286 0.40 834.198 0.183 0.676 1.794 1.41 844.553 1. ---------------------- ---------------------. Departme ent: Authorr: Status: Date: Language: Revision: Page: PTPS--TST Manoj 16/10/2010 0 en NIL 7/7 7 30.45 865.396 16 75.257 0.168 0. . - We resserve all rights in this document and a in the informa ation therein. .34 797.00 1. .00 1.400 17 80.358 8 35.00 1.00 1.228 1.300 0.00 1.363 9 40. use or disclosure to third t parties withoutt express authoriity is strictly forbidden .377 12 55.00 1.382 13 60.213 0.833 1.00 1. .37 815.236 1.35 806.272 0.546 1.53 912.731 1.152 0.00 1.