FalconStor® File-interface Deduplication System User Guide Version 1.15

FalconStor Software, Inc. 2 Huntington Quadrangle, Suite 2S01 Melville, NY 11747 Phone: 631-777-5188 Fax: 631-501-7633 Web site: www.falconstor.com

Copyright © 2009-2010 FalconStor Software. All Rights Reserved. FalconStor Software, FalconStor, and IPStor are registered trademarks of FalconStor Software, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. All other brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. FalconStor Software reserves the right to make changes in the information contained in this publication without prior notice. The reader should in all cases consult FalconStor Software to determine whether any such changes have been made. This product is protected by United States Patents Nos. 7,093,127 B2; 6,715,098; 7,058,788 B2; 7,330,960 B2; 7,055,008 B2; 7,469,337 and additional patents pending.

080510.6576

Contents
Introduction
How FDS works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Concepts and components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3

Installation
Pre-configured physical appliance setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Pre-configured appliance - Delivered components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Physical appliance - Mount the FDS appliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Physical appliance - Connect to your storage network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Software appliance kit setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 System requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 Install an operating system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Set network information for your FDS appliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Install FDS server software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

Getting Started
Run the FalconStor Management Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Launch the web-based console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Install and launch the console on an administrative computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Connect to your FDS server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Configure your FDS server using the configuration wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Step 1: Enter license keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Step 2: Set up network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Step 3: Set hostname . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Step 4: Prepare physical devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Step 5: Set up FDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Step 6: Configure deduplication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Step 7: Create resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Step 8: Create share . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Set the security mode for Windows clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Domain mode configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Map/mount shares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 Windows clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 NFS clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Add NFS clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41

The FDS Console
Understanding the objects in the tree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 FDS Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 FDS server object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 FDS Clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
FDS User Guide 1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 Network configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 IPMI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Restart network. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Console options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73 Exclude folders from deduplication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67 Add repository resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 Rebuild a mirror . . . . . . .54 Change a report schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56 Server properties . . .48 Restart FDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Refresh report display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66 Check integrity of deduplicated data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 Bond IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 Mirror the configuration database and resources . . . . .48 Halt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Sample FDS Detailed Statistics report . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 Sample FDS Statistics Summary report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53 View a report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 Event Log . . . . . . . . .60 SNMP traps . . . . . . . . . .63 Fix a minor disk failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 Software patch updates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57 Directory properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 Export data from the Event Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Export data from a report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 Suspend/resume mirroring . . . . . . .74 FDS User Guide 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 Administrators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 Filter the Event Log. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Delete a report . . . . . . . . . .63 Replace a failed disk. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Rescan physical devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Logical Resources . . . . . . . . . . . .47 Set hostname . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 Replace a disk that is part of an active mirror configuration . . . . .51 Sort the Event Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 System maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62 Check mirroring status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 Swap the primary disk with the mirrored copy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Reboot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Print a report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Physical Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53 Create a report or report schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 Print the Event Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 Deduplication Reclaim disk space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94 Multipathing Load distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76 Statistics FDS Resources statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100 Email Alerts Configure Email Alerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99 Change IP address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96 Path management . . .96 Enable load balancing . . . . . .86 Configure outgoing replication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108 Maximum number of data streams per FalconStor appliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93 Suspend/resume replication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106 Script/program trigger information . . .107 Appendix Firewall ports . . . . . . .97 NIC Port Bonding Enable NIC Port Bonding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75 Symantec™ Backup Exec™ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92 Manually start replication . . . . . . . . . . . . .75 Veritas™ NetBackup™ . . . . . .101 Modify Email Alerts properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83 Replication Configure incoming replication . . . .Integration examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109 Index FDS User Guide 3 .91 Exclude folders from replication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77 Resource-level statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80 Repository statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79 Share and folder-level statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92 Change replication properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107 Customize email for a specific trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90 Recover files from a replica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87 Check replication status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

such as: IBM Tivoli Storage Manager (TSM). such as: Oracle RMAN and SQL-BackTrack. Archiving applications. such as: Vizioncore vRanger Pro. EMC NetWorker.Introduction The FalconStor® File-interface Deduplication System (FDS) is a block-level data deduplication solution that provides a space-efficient repository for data from: • Third-party tape backup software. and VMware Consolidated Backup. Symantec Backup Exec. Smaller offices and remote sites can eliminate tape backup entirely using the FDS repository. Database backup utilities. Third-party disk backup software. Symantec Enterprise Vault. • • • • With FDS. and Enigma Data Solutions' SmartMove. etc. Any other mechanism for delivering data to a network share. Only deduplicated data is sent over the WAN. CA ARCserve. you can reduce your disk storage needs dramatically. BakBone NetVault. Data restoration is quick and efficient from native format files rather than from tape backup formats. allowing you to maintain far more data on disk while incurring minimal additional storage costs. FDS can also function as a nearline data repository for project archives. Veritas NetBackup. FDS User Guide 1 . providing bandwidth savings. providing a cost-effective Disaster Recovery (DR) solution. CommVault Simpana Archive. storing older files. Arkivio® auto-stor. Idera SharePoint backup. CommVault Simpana. FDS supports many-to-one data replication. such as FalconStor FileSafeTM. such as: MimosaTM Systems NearPointTM. Arkeia Network Backup. and Idera SQL safe backup.

FDS User Guide 2 . deduplication occurs at the scheduled time or on an as-needed basis. Connection to FDS is a simple matter of mapping to a share. Each FDS file share holds incoming data. whose function is to point to the repository and is used to retrieve stored data. network-based file share as the target for backed up data. During deduplication. deduplication is performed at the block level. pointers (stub files) on the share point to the full file in the repository. not at a file level. The administrator has direct access to all files without the need for a restore job. Because it uses network-based file shares for backed up data. The process then passes only single instances of unique data to the FDS repository and replaces each deduplicated file with a small file (called a stub file). the system analyzes blocks of data and determines whether the data is unique or has already been copied to the FDS repository (virtualized disks that hold deduplicated data). Even though the user interface is file-based. Restoring data copied by archiving software is as simple as copying the necessary files from a share back to the appropriate location. making it far more effective at reducing storage consumption than file-based deduplication. making it compatible with any application that uses an IP network to store data. Block-level deduplication examines small sub-blocks. acting as a "disk" for disk-to-disk (D2D) backup.Introduction How FDS works FDS uses standard network protocols such as Common Internet File System (CIFS) or Network File System (NFS) to present a simple. Based on user policy. restoring data can be faster and easier with FDS. Even after deduplication occurs.

FalconStor Management Console . Linux.Introduction Concepts and components The primary components of the FDS solution are listed below. FDS Clients . This Java application can be used on a variety of platforms and allows administrators to create shares. and monitor resources and deduplication. configure deduplication.Logical resources presented to clients via the IP network. • • • FDS User Guide 3 .Backup servers or application servers that use an FDS share to store data. The appliance can function as a standalone appliance with internal storage or it can function as a gateway to storage on an existing network. FDS storage is used to store the original data as well as the unique data blocks and the indexes to the data. Solaris. Storage resources appear to client operating systems (Windows. FDS shares .) as network-attached devices. etc. the storage network.The FDS administration tool. • FalconStor FDS appliance . Clients access shares using either the NFS or CIFS network protocol.An industry-standard server that provides all data deduplication functions. These components all sit on the same network segment.

and FDS shares and was designed to get you running in a minimal amount of time. install FDS server software. You will need to install an operating system. refer to your FDS Virtual Appliance Getting Started Guide.A ready-to-use appliance with FDS already installed. and configure your FDS system. FDS User Guide 4 . If you have FDS virtual appliance software. The appliance includes a pre-configured repository.Software only to be installed on a physical appliance. FDS Software Appliance Kit (SAK) . • This chapter explains how to get started with a pre-configured appliance or SAK and how to install the FDS Console. FDS resources. set network information for your appliance.Installation You will have received FDS in one of the following ways: • Pre-configured FDS appliance .

3. Product keycode certificates (if you have a pre-configured appliance.Connect to your storage network If you received a pre-configured appliance from FalconStor. If your appliance includes a Fibre Channel card. each with two power cords. Physical appliance . Stabilize your rack unit before installing the appliance into the rack. Connect an Ethernet cable to the appropriate port. two power cords. For some FDS systems.Delivered components If you received a pre-configured appliance. rail kit. Connect a monitor and keyboard to the appliance. 2. Install the slide rails and system in the rack according to the provided rack installation documentation. 1. verify that you have received the following items: • • FalconStor FDS appliance with installed hard drives. and manufacturer’s documentation. The Linux operating system will automatically detect USB devices upon system startup. Physical appliance . You may also connect the keyboard to a USB port instead of a PS/2 port. FDS User Guide 5 . up to three storage capacity units. the FDS appliance will occupy 2U.Installation Pre-configured physical appliance setup Pre-configured appliance . you will probably want to rack-mount the system. You may use a KVM device if necessary. • Contact your FalconStor representative if any items are missing. If you received a pre-configured appliance from FalconStor. rail kit. 1. product keycodes have already been installed). Unless otherwise noted. 2.Mount the FDS appliance If you are using a physical appliance. connect a FC cable from your switch to each of the FC ports on the rear of the appliance. follow the instructions in the FalconStor Hardware QuickStart Guide supplied with the appliance to complete the physical connections. and manufacturer’s documentation. the following instructions are general and can be used for any appliance. SAS interconnect cables. each storage capacity unit will occupy 3U (maximum of six units).

FDS User Guide 6 . you will see a login prompt. 6.Installation 4. You will continue FDS configuration using Web Setup and the FalconStor Management Console for FDS. do not power on the appliance. Note: To ensure redundancy. connect both power cords from a standard AC outlet to the appliance. If your FDS system includes storage capacity units. You do not need to log in to the server. Power-on the FDS appliance using the power button on the front of the appliance. be sure to use all power cords. 5. If your FDS system includes storage capacity units. When the server has completed the startup process. set the storage mode switch on the front panel of each unit to the unified position. On the FDS appliance.

Depends upon the amount of data backed up and the retention time. The minimum amount of memory is 8 GB. Each LUN can be a maximum of 16 TB. System requirements The following table lists the minimum FDS server requirements.3 • CentOS 5. Since each environment is unique.At least 8% of the total data disks.Installation Software appliance kit setup FDS has been designed for quick setup. you may want to consult with FalconStor Professional Services to assist you in pre-deployment sizing. • Index and folder disks .50 GB. two dual-core or one quad-core) Intel/AMD processor. • Data disks . Please contact your FalconStor representative to properly size your FDS system. QLogic FC HBAs Fibre Channel.Must be greater than your largest single backup data set. SAS. • Oracle Enterprise Linux 5 Update 3 • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5. two quadcore) Intel/AMD processor. The following steps guide you through preparing your FDS appliance for the FDS software. Memory Operating system Network Interface Card Fibre Channel Host Bus Adapter Hard Disk FDS User Guide 7 . Note: An additional 200 GB is required if you are using the Hosted Backup option. 2+GHZ Recommended: Eight CPU cores (for example.3 Check the FalconStor website certification matrix for a list of network cards that are supported. CPU Minimum: Four CPU cores (for example. or SATA hard drives: • Operating system disk . 2+GHZ The amount of memory required depends upon the size of your FDS repository resources. SCSI. • FDS resources .

If a USB key for your hardware platform does not exist. USB key images are the fastest and easiest way to install the operating system. management utilities. Connect to the FalconStor FTP site: ftp://goldkey1. There are several ways to do this: • If you are using FalconStor certified hardware. FDS User Guide 8 . Select USB_Images_Site_Map. you will need to manually install the operating system.com/ • User name: ftpuser1 • Password: gold_key2 2. along with the MD5 checksum to verify that the download was successful. you can use a FalconStor USB key.falconstor. Click the If a USB key for your hardware platform does not exist. Connect to the FalconStor FTP site: ftp://goldkey1. To do this: 1. 3. Follow the steps in the FalconStor Operating System Installation Guide to manually install the Oracle Enterprise Linux 5 Update 3 operating system. you will need to manually install the operating system.html. Download the CD zip file and the scripts from Manual OS Install. Click the pdf link under Manual OS Install.falconstor. Manually install You can download this guide from the USB_Images_Site_Map.html. • Install from a FalconStor USB key You will need to download an appropriate image for your FalconStor certified hardware. Look under /USB_Images for the hardware manufacturer of your appliance. Download the appropriate zip file containing the USB key image for your hardware. 4. To do this: 1. If available. pdf link under USB OS Install. If an appropriate image exists. 3. you can download it from FalconStor’s FTP site. Follow the steps in the FalconStor USB OS Installation Guide to install the Oracle Enterprise Linux 5 Update 3 operating system from the USB key.com/ • User name: ftpuser1 • Password: gold_key2 2.Installation Install an operating system You must install a certified operating system on your FDS appliance before you install FDS. 4. You can download this guide from the USB_Images_Site_Map.html. and software for an appliance. The operating system CD and several scripts are available on FalconStor’s FTP site to help you do this.

default gateway. and primary name server to what your network administrator provided to you. Power up your FDS appliance and log in. 4. netmask. You will need to have a monitor and keyboard to access the FDS appliance. 3. Type service network restart for these changes to take effect. FDS User Guide 9 . You can type system-config-network-tui to load a utility that allows you to change them. Change the IP address. 2.Installation Set network information for your FDS appliance If you haven’t done this already: 1. Contact your network administrator to obtain the following for your FDS appliance in order to connect your FDS appliance to your storage network: • IP address • Netmask • Default gateway • Primary name server information.

select to configure Network Time Protocol on the FDS appliance. or q (if no HBA). 4. FDS User Guide 10 . 10. 5. When prompted. # mount /dev/cdrom /media # cd /media 3. When prompted. Type Y to accept the configuration when you see the screen that summarizes the FDS appliance configuration. Mount the FDS CD. /etc/.Installation Install FDS server software To do this: 1./fdsinstall. qlogic. When prompted. When prompted. qlogicnpiv. 2. 6. Type . type . At the # prompt. indicate the type of Fibre Channel HBAs you are using. 9. 8. click Enter to accept the default maximum number of LUNs per adapter.is. Type Y to continue. Reload the environment variables.sh or log out (using the logout command) and then log back in. 7. click Enter to accept the default maximum number of SCSI disks to scan. Log in to the FDS appliance.

2:81/ to launch the console. follow the instructions in this section to configure FDS. right-click it and select Connect.0. Note that if you are installing the console on a Windows machine. you must be a Power User or Administrator.0. To launch the console after installation.0. If you have Web Setup. for example: http://10. In the future.Getting Started If you received a pre-configured FDS appliance from FalconStor. FDS User Guide 11 .0. If not. You can install the FalconStor Management Console onto any machine. you may want to save the location as a Favorite or Bookmark. to skip going through Web Setup.2). select the Go button next to Install Management Software and Guides and click the Launch Console link. If your server does not appear in the tree. Run the FalconStor Management Console The FalconStor Management Console for FDS is the graphical administration tool that enables you to manage FDS. There are two ways to run the FDS console.2) and the console will launch. Connect to your FDS server If your server already appears in the tree. open a browser from any machine and enter the IP address of the FDS server (for example: http://10. Install and launch the console on an administrative computer To install the FalconStor Management Console software from Web Setup.15 --> FDS Console.0. open a browser from any machine and enter the IP address of the FDS server followed by :81. Select the Go button next to Install Management Software and Guides and click the Install Windows Console link. Launch the web-based console To launch a web-based version of the console. For easier access. because it communicates directly with the server and clients (CIFS and NFS backup servers or application servers). select Start --> Programs --> FalconStor --> FDS 1. Right-click the Servers object and select Add. open a browser from any machine and enter the IP address of the FDS server (for example: http://10.0. do the following to add it: 1. The computer that runs the FDS console needs connectivity to the network segment where FDS is running. as long as that machine has a Graphical User Interface and the Java Runtime Environment. basic configuration will already have been done for you.

The username and password are case sensitive. When the hostname appears in the navigation tree. The default password is IPStor101 but this may have been changed in Web Setup. log into your appliance with the “root” user and password (default “IPStor101”).0. Type the FDS Server name or address (for example. 10. the configuration wizard launches. You should then specify the subnet range of your FDS server and wait for the FDS server hostname to appear in the navigation tree.0. If you purchased an appliance from FalconStor. FDS User Guide 12 .2) and enter a valid user name and password (both are case sensitive) to log in. 2. If your system is not already configured. you can right-click the FDS Servers object and select Discover to detect FDS servers in a range of IP addresses. right-click it and select Connect. Once you are connected to a server.Getting Started If you are running on a Windows machine. log in with fsadmin as the User Name. If you want to be able to add accounts or set network configuration in the console. the server icon will change to show that you are connected.

press Skip. if you need to add license keys. Configuration note: After completing the configuration wizard. Some appliances. such as FDS storage appliances. one at a time.Getting Started Configure your FDS server using the configuration wizard FDS provides a convenient wizard that leads you through your FDS configuration. will be configured via Web Setup. FDS User Guide 13 . Be sure to enter keycodes for all options you have purchased. If your FDS server has not been configured yet. you can right-click your FDS server appliance and select License. Each FDS option requires that a keycode be entered before the option can be configured and used. the configuration wizard will be launched when you connect to it. Step 1: Enter license keys Click the Add button and enter the keycodes shown on your Product Keycode certificates. Click Next to begin the steps in the wizard. If you want to skip a step.

FDS User Guide 14 . Domain name .List of Ethernet cards in the server.Getting Started Step 2: Set up network 1. NIC .IP address of your default gateway.If a domain name is entered. Enter information about your network configuration. DNS . Default gateway . Append suffix to DNS lookup .IP address of your Domain Name Server. it will be appended to the machine name for name resolution.Internal domain name.

FDS User Guide 15 . underscore. you can right-click your FDS server appliance and select System Maintenance --> Configure Network. MTU . The server will automatically reboot when the hostname is changed. Click Config to configure each network interface card (NIC). if you need to change the name again. or dash. Configuration note: After completing the configuration wizard. Valid characters are letters. If you select Static. Step 3: Set hostname Enter a valid name for your FDS appliance. if you need to change these settings. If your card supports it. Configuration note: After completing the configuration wizard.Getting Started 2. you can right-click your FDS server appliance and select System Maintenance --> Set Hostname. numbers. set this value to 9000 for jumbo frames. you must click the Add button to add IP addresses and subnet masks.Set the maximum transfer unit of each IP packet.

Click the Select All button to select all physical devices. 1. you can right-click Physical Resources and select Prepare Disks.Getting Started Step 4: Prepare physical devices Prepare physical devices for use with FDS. FDS User Guide 16 . 3. if you add new hardware that you need to prepare. These devices will be used to create logical resources (repository resources and shares). Select Virtualize. 2. 4. Type YES to confirm that you want to delete all data on these devices. Click Finish to confirm. Configuration note: After completing the configuration wizard.

and data disks. folder. Select Physical Device as the storage type. 1.Getting Started Step 5: Set up FDS Select the physical devices that you prepared in the previous step for your FDS index. The configuration database contains FDS configuration information. FDS User Guide 17 . 2. Select the virtualized disk(s) that will be used as repository resources for the configuration database.

2. Folders store information relating to the contents of each deduplication session. 4. The index points to the data on FDS storage. The selected LUN(s) must be of sufficient size to contain these resources.Getting Started 3. FDS User Guide 18 .. The number of physical data disks should be a power of two (i. Select the virtualized disk(s) that will serve as repository resources for the FDS index and folder disks. 8.e. Select the device(s) that will be used as repository resources for data storage. The minimum size disk recommended for these resources is at least 8% of the total size of the FDS data disks. The selected disks should all be the same size. or 16 disks). 4.

How do the number of columns affect performance? Performance will be better with multiple columns. and 8 column configurations. the single column configuration would be selected by default. if each column is on its own RAID controller. a single column is best. In the above example. If you have one RAID group. In the above example. The ninth disk is not used in the 2. there are nine disks and these are the possible groupings. To determine this. which contains the most columns. For performance purposes.Getting Started 5. lastly. The recommended scenario is selected by default. FDS User Guide 19 . 4. Your storage devices will be grouped into one or more columns. A column represents the y axis in a graph while a row represents the x axis. select how your data devices will be organized. the system looks at the viable configurations and then determines which wastes the fewest drives and.

the wizard will determine that the best configuration is one column with four 2 TB virtual devices. FDS User Guide 20 . the wizard will determine that the best configuration is two columns.Getting Started Example #1: If a single 8 TB physical LUN is available. Each column will have eight of the 16 slices in ranges of 0~7 and 8~F. Click Finish to confirm. each with four 2 TB disks. 6. The console shows that the Data Repository has been configured into two columns with a capacity of 16 TB across all sixteen slices/hashes. Example #2: If two 8 TB physical LUNs are available. This column will have 16 slices (aka “hash”) in the range of 0~F. The console shows that the Data Repository has been configured in one column with a capacity of 8 TB across all sixteen slices/hashes.

Specify when deduplication should occur. or manually. You can set it to occur automatically. minutes after files are detected. on a scheduled basis.Getting Started Step 6: Configure deduplication Configure when deduplication should occur and determine if you want to exclude specific files and folders: 1. FDS User Guide 21 .

Also specify the frequency. select Set exclusion.Getting Started 2. or months during which deduplication should not occur. days. If you selected to schedule deduplication. select the hours. If you selected Set exclusion. Specify when deduplication should begin and. when it should end. set the schedule. FDS User Guide 22 . 3. optionally. If you want to exclude specific days/hours/months.

you can right-click your server and select Deduplication --> Configure.Getting Started 4. You can exclude specific file types. FDS User Guide 23 . if you need to change your global deduplication policy. Note that files smaller than 8 KB are excluded by default because the file that replaces a deduplicated file and points to data in the repository (called the stub file) is at least 8 KB in size. Determine what types of files to deduplicate. small files. there is no benefit to deduplicating files smaller than 8 KB. Therefore. or files based on when they were last modified or last accessed. Configuration note: After completing the configuration wizard.

Select your file system or click Next to accept the defaults. For example.Increases the inode size from 128 bytes (default) to 256 bytes. • -j . • -b size=4096 . File System . • -m 0 . The default settings include: • -F .Creates the filesystem with an ext3 journal.Format in verbose.Disallows set-user-id execution. each file will minimally be 4k in size. Mount Options . Create one or more FDS resources.Sets the journal size to 128 MB for resize purposes. • user_xattr . if you keep the default of 4096.Getting Started Step 7: Create resources FDS resources are virtualized disks that are used to create FDS shares.Block Size determines the minimum amount of space to use for each file.Reserve 0% of the filesystem blocks for the super-user.Preserves the maximum filesystem metadata space (16 TB) for later filesystem resize. ext3 or ext2. If you need to change the default Format Options or Mount Options. The default settings include: • rw . • nosuid . FDS User Guide 24 . • -v .Allows read/write access.These options are used when the drive is formatted.FDS automatically detects the supported file system. click the Advanced button.These options are used when the drive is mounted. You will then create FDS shares from these resources. Format Options . • -I 256 .Forces the format regardless of what is on the drive. 1.Supports “user” extended attributes. • -E resize=16383G . • -J size=128 .

Custom lets you select which physical device(s) to use and lets you designate how much space to allocate from each. 3. Select the physical device(s) from which to create this FDS resource. These FDS resources will all be the same size. Select the creation method and size of FDS resources.Getting Started 2. Batch lets you create multiple FDS resources at one time. FDS User Guide 25 . Express lets you designate how much space to allocate and then automatically creates an FDS resource using an available device.

depending upon the size of the resource(s) being created. This may take a while. Confirm that all information is correct and then click Finish to create the FDS resource. FDS User Guide 26 . you can right-click the FDS Resources object and select New. You should wait until the FDS resource is attached and mounted before creating shares. (Express and Custom only) Enter a name for the new FDS resource. you can right-click the OpenStorage Resources object and select New. Resource names cannot use blanks or contain the following characters: < > / \ " %#:. Larger resources take significantly longer to format than smaller resources.Getting Started 4.|*?&$'()` 5. Configuration note: After completing the configuration wizard. If you need to create OpenStorage resources. if you need to create FDS resources.

refer to ’Set the security mode for Windows clients’ before creating your shares. FDS uses share mode for authentication. 2. FDS User Guide 27 . If you want to use domain mode. Enter a share name and indicate if you want Windows clients to have access to this share.Getting Started Step 8: Create share Create shared folders (called shares) into which your backup software or other application can put files. Enter a folder name. 1. The folder name cannot exceed 238 characters. By default.

3. (Windows clients) Enter permissions for the Windows clients who will access the share. Share authentication mode window Select if you want all Windows clients to have the same type of permission. FDS User Guide 28 . Domain authentication mode window Select the clients who should have access to the share. Set access rights for this client.|*?[]=+.Getting Started Share names cannot start with a dot or contain the following characters: < > / \ " %#:. The password for full access must be different from the read only password. Select if you want to use both types of permissions.

Getting Started 4. you can assign clients to it by right-clicking and selecting Sharing. Any time after creating the folder. root_squash X X all_squash X Action No UIDs mapped. FDS User Guide 29 . (NFS clients) Enter permissions for the NFS clients who will access the share. All UIDs are mapped to nfsnobody:nasgrp. You can also select New Folder. Select insecure if your client’s operating system does not use a reserved port for NFS (an Internet port less than IPPORT_RESERVED -. You can click the Add button to add an NFS client. Configuration note: After completing the configuration wizard. Click Finish to confirm. you can right-click an FDS resource or a folder and select New Share. AIX is an example of an operating system that needs to select insecure. Squash can be used to map user IDs to nobody. 5.1024). if you need to create additional shares. Refer to ’Map/mount shares’ for more information. UID=0 (root user) is remapped to nfsnobody:nasgrp (default).

If you want to use domain mode. refer to ’Server is not resolvable’ below. Therefore. you can use the IP address of the domain controller (DC). Refer to the ntpd service on Linux and the Windows Time service on Windows for more information. Domain mode configuration You must do the following if you will be using domain mode for authentication: Synchronize clocks Your FDS server and your Windows domain controller must have their clocks synchronized to within five minutes of each other. The FDS Server and all clients must belong to the domain controlled by this Domain Controller. you will lose all of your share assignments. you can add it manually by right-clicking on your server in the console and selecting System Maintenance --> Configure Network. You need to edit /etc/ntp. the DNS server should have been configured via Web Setup (and the /etc/hosts and /etc/resolv. Refer to ’Update /etc/hosts’ below if you need to update it manually. You should check /etc/hosts afterward to make sure it was updated correctly. you need to manually add it to /etc/hosts. you can use the date command on your FDS server to adjust the date and time. If the DNS server was not configured. edit / etc/ntp/step-tickers and add just the domain controller IP address. Domain mode . Make sure each FDS server has a valid DNS entry created in the Microsoft DNS (part of the Active Directory you plan to join) with a valid PTR resource record (DNS reverse lookup zone must contain this record). you will need to follow the instructions below. FDS uses share mode. You can add a time server through the console (right-click the server and select System Maintenance --> Configure Network). Refer to ’Update /etc/hosts’ below for details. If your server’s hostname is resolvable by a DNS machine. the system clock on a PC can “drift” over time. Server is resolvable by DNS FDS User Guide 30 . If no time server is available. Otherwise.The authentication server must be a Domain Controller. If they are not synchronized.conf on the FDS server and add ‘server [DC IP address]’.conf files should have been updated accordingly). By default. However. Note: It is important that you do not change your authentication mode once you begin using your FDS system. Server is not resolvable If your server’s hostname is not resolvable by a DNS machine.Authentication is done by passwords (a full access password and/or a read only password) that are set when you create the share. Also.Getting Started Set the security mode for Windows clients There are two security modes that you can use to authenticate users/groups trying to access FDS shares: • • Share mode . we recommend that you use an automated synchronization service to adjust the system’s clock. If you do change it.

For a more secure account. we recommend checking /etc/hosts file and updating.net 2.145 fds-server localhost.145 fds-server.0. FDS User Guide 31 . you can limit this account to have read-only access to the Organizational Units (OUs) that will be browsed by FDS.net fds-server windows-domain If "fds-server. similar to that of the guest account. Add the following lines to /etc/hosts: 192.15.net Active Directory If your Domain controller is running Windows 2003 or Windows 2008. Even if your server is resolvable.Getting Started Update /etc/hosts If your server’s hostname is not resolvable by a DNS machine. In the FDS console.1 127.15. if necessary.168.0.168.localdomain fds-server.151 192.15. your environment looks like this: FDS server name: fds-server FDS server IP address: 192.abc.This account should have minimal security. The account will be used by FDS to access the active directory that FDS will browse to identify the users/groups that will have access to FDS shares. We recommend that you use an automated synchronization service (NTP server) to adjust the system’s clock. the FDS server can be configured to utilize Microsoft’s Active Directory to obtain users and groups. you will need the following: • Account for FDS .0. • Select domain mode as the security mode To select domain mode: 1.151 Primary Authentication Server: windows-domain Primary Authentication Server IP address: 192.net windows-domain.abc.145 Domain being joined: abc.168. Use the command vi /etc/hosts to edit /etc/hosts on your FDS server.localdomain localhost localhost fds-server windows-domain Remove the fds-server entry from that line and add the other lines: localhost. you need to manually add it to /etc/hosts. such as: 127.1 192.168.abc. 1.15. Your FDS server and your Active Directory Server must have their clocks synchronized to within five minutes of each other. right-click Windows Clients and select Set Security Mode.net" or "fds-server" are already part of another entry. Refer to the nptd service on Linux and the Windows Time service on Windows for more information.abc.abc.0.15.168.15. If you will be using Active Directory.168.net windows-domain.151 192. For example.

If you are using Active Directory you will not see this field. Select Domain Mode and indicate if you are using Active Directory. Primary Authentication Server . 3. The FDS server will use this server to authenticate users when they try to share an FDS resource.Enter the name of the server (not an IP address) from which the FDS server will get the user account information. Domain . Backup Authentication Server . FDS User Guide 32 .Enter the domain that the FDS server must join. The server's name must be resolvable. This is the name of the domain that the Primary Authentication Server and Backup Authentication Server belong to. Enter your authentication server. The server's name must be resolvable.You can optionally enter a server name (not an IP address) to use for authentication if the primary authentication server is not available.Getting Started 2.

In this case. and your Active Directory Server are not synchronized to within five minutes of each other. FDS cannot see anything in the tree.” when you click Next. Notes: • If you see the message “Unable to connect to active directory due to excessive clock skew. • FDS User Guide 33 . If you leave this field blank or enter “/”. Bind Point . FDS will start at the root of this OU. Windows Domain Controller. User .Enter a valid password for this account. (Domain mode with Active Directory) Enter information about the account FDS will use to log into Active Directory. enter a Bind Point to direct FDS to a starting point or a single tree such as the /Engineering or /Accounting tree. the Windows primary authentication server name and IP address are not in the /etc/hosts file or are not resolvable. Without this access. Password . If you see the message “Failed to locate the authentication server” when you click Next. This is useful if FDS’s user account does not have root access to the entire OU tree.Enter the account FDS will use to log into Active Directory. Please synchronize server and active directory clocks.Getting Started 4. Use the date command or an automated synchronization service to adjust the system’s clock. the clocks on your FDS Server.You can use the Bind Point to mark where in the OU tree FDS will start browsing from.

Getting Started 5. Enter a descriptive comment. 6. then select the OUs to which you want to offer FDS shares. you should click the root first. In order to select only certain OUs. By default. everything is selected. such as when you see a list of computers under My Network Places. it will de-select that OU. This description of the FDS Server will be displayed in the Comment field of Windows Explorer. If you click the checkbox next to the OU. Click in the checkbox next to the OUs to which you want to offer FDS shares. FDS User Guide 34 . (Domain mode with Active Directory) Select the organizational units to which you will offer FDS shares.

This field appears when existing UID or GUID ranges must be cleared or preserved (for instance when you switch from share mode to domain mode and then back to share mode).Getting Started Indicate if you want to preserve current users/groups. Be sure to select a big enough range to handle the number of users you have. The range cannot start with a number below 10. 7. Reserved ranges cannot be removed. Manual Selection lets you select which range(s) to use. Select how you want to reserve User IDs (UIDs). Additional ranges can be added. You will need to select an available UID range and designate a starting and ending UID. Auto Selection lets you set the maximum number of UIDs that FDS should use for authentication of FDS users and automatically reserves an unused range. FDS User Guide 35 . UIDs are associated with users on your system.000.

FDS User Guide 36 . You will need to select an available GID range and designate a starting and ending GID. 9.000. Select how you want to reserve Group IDs (GIDs). GIDs are associated with groups on your system.Getting Started 8. Auto Selection lets you set the maximum number of GIDs that FDS should use for authentication of FDS groups and automatically reserves an unused range. Be sure to select a big enough range to handle the number of groups you have. The range cannot start with a number below 10. Reserved ranges cannot be removed. Enter an administrative username and password. Manual Selection lets you select which range(s) to use. Additional ranges can be added.

If you are using Active Directory. Confirm all information and click Finish. FDS User Guide 37 . 10.Getting Started This name/password will be used to create a computer account for the FDS Server in the domain. If that fails. FDS will try to join the domain as a legacy Windows NT 4 server. the Console will try to join the domain as an Active Directory Member Server even if no username/password is supplied.

Set the LmCompatibilityLevel value to 2. Windows 7 Professional and Ultimate editions and Windows 2008 1. 4. 2. you will need to set the authentication mode on that machine. The path is: \\hostname\sharename FDS User Guide 38 . Open Windows Explorer (or My Computer). Right-click in the right pane to create a new DWORD (32-bit) or DWORD (64bit). Locate Local Computer Policy --> Computer Configuration --> Windows Settings --> Security Settings --> Local Policies --> Security Options. Launch gpedit. Locate Network Security: LAN Manager authentication level in the right pane.use NTLMv2 session security if negotiated and click OK and quit. Set the path to the shared folder. This launches Microsoft’s Local Group Policy Editor. If you are using share mode and you want to connect to a share from a Windows 7 or Windows 2008 client. You do not need to do this for older versions of Windows or if you are using domain mode for authentication. 3. Select Tools --> Map Network Drive. 3. Map a share You should map a share for each Windows client to allow access to the share. Windows 7 Home edition 1. 4. Open a DOS command prompt and type.msc from a command line. Reboot the machine in order for the changes to take effect. 5. 2. Locate the following key in the registry: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa 2. Change the value to Send LM & NTLM .Getting Started Map/mount shares Windows clients Set authentication Windows 7 and Windows 2008 client machines use NTLMv2 authentication with FDS shares when using share mode authentication. gpupdate /force to force the policy to be applied. Do the following on each Windows client: 1. The procedure to set authentication is different depending upon the version of Windows you are using. 3.

For Domain mode. as set in step 1.intr. For Windows 2000/2003 clients.hard. mount hostname:/nas/fdsresource/fds/folder/mount_point where hostname is the FDS Server’s name or IP address. folder is the full folder name. Create a directory to mount the NFS share to. wsize=65536 hostname:/nas/fdsresource/fds/folder/mount_point Note: We highly recommend using the “llock” mount option with Solaris NFS clients. FDS User Guide 39 . the user name is always guest.rsize=65536. wsize=65536 hostname:/nas/fdsresource/fds/folder/mount_point Solaris 9 and 10 mount -F nfs -o hard. /nas/ and /fds/ are not variables and must be included in the path. mount the share.proto=tcp.x mount -v nfs -o proto=tcp.intr. Locally.vers=3.vers=3. For Windows Vista/Windows 2008/Windows 7 clients. Enter login information. For example: \\server1\Data1 4. Do the following on each NFS client: 1. and mount_point is a directory the NFS share can be accessed from. enter the user’s full account name (Domain\username) and the user’s password that is defined at the Active Directory level.rsize=65536. For example: /mnt/share 2. For share mode. NFS clients Mount a share You should mount a share for each NFS client to allow access to the share. you may need to type the user name as: WORKGROUP\guest. Enter the password you set when you created the share. the user name is filled out (and grayed out). For example: mount FSDEFDS35:/nas/FDSDisk-00001/fds/Data1/mnt/share Client mount options We recommend using the following mount options for NFS clients: AIX 5. combehind.Getting Started where hostname is the FDS Server’s name or IP address and sharename is the name of the shared folder. Note: In the path above. fdsresource is the name of the FDS device.llock.llock. in this case /mnt/share.

nfsvers=3.nolock.wsize=65536.bg hostname:/nas/fdsresource/fds/folder/mount_point Note: We highly recommend using the “nolock” mount option with Linux NFS clients.tcp.Getting Started HP-UX 11v2 and 11v3 mount -F nfs -o rsize=65536.wsize=65536. FDS User Guide 40 .intr.rsize=65536.hard hostname:/nas/fdsresource/fds/folder/mount_point Linux mount -t nfs -o hard.

The format to do this is: subnet/netmask (for example: 192.0.255. You do not need to add Windows clients. Wildcard characters are not supported in machine names or domain names.This is the name displayed in the console for this group of one or more NFS clients. You can enter an abbreviated name that can be resolved.168. In Domain authentication mode. you may want to enter NetBackup to identify these clients. To add NFS clients: 1. If you are using the Share authentication mode. Machine . and select Add.0/255. Name . For example. NFS clients . Enter information as applicable. right-click the NFS Clients object.The machine that will become an NFS client. You can also enter a subnet and netmask if you want to grant FDS share access to an entire subnet. or an IP address for a machine. You can also access this dialog and add NFS clients while creating an FDS share. 2.255.These clients use the Common Internet File System (CIFS) protocol. Expand FDS Clients.Getting Started Add NFS clients There are two types of FDS clients: • • Windows clients .These are usually Unix clients using the Network File System (NFS) protocol. any Windows client can access a share (provided he/she knows the password). the list of users comes from the authentication server. a fully qualified domain name.0). FDS User Guide 41 .

IBM AIX) are lowercase only. while NFS uses hostnames as typed (i. This is because. This can result in errors on the NFS clients. or both).Getting Started Comment . lowercase. the kernel converts hostnames to lower case. Solaris.You can optionally enter a description or explanation in this field. uppercase. HP-UX. FDS User Guide 42 . combo. This information will be displayed in the right pane of the console for this client. when a share is accessed via NFS. Note: You should verify that the hostnames listed in the /etc/hosts files on both the FDS server and NFS clients (Linux.e.

If you close and restart the console. The FDS console displays FDS server configuration. the right-hand pane contains detailed information about the object. monitor FDS activity. You can expand or collapse the display to show only the information that you wish to view. You can select one of the tabs for more information. You need to connect to a server before you can expand the server object. create FDS shares. and administrators. The tree allows you to navigate the FDS server and its configuration objects. users. organized in a familiar Explorer-like tree view. the servers will still be displayed in the tree but you will not be connected to them. FDS User Guide 43 . configure your deduplication policy. Double-clicking an item will toggle the expanded/collapsed view of the item. When you highlight any object in the tree. set server properties. The console remembers the servers to which the console has successfully connected.The FDS Console The FalconStor Management Console for FDS allows you to manage your FDS system. and run/view reports. monitor deduplication.

From the Windows Clients object. FDS server object From the server object. • FDS User Guide 44 .These clients use the Common Internet File System (CIFS) protocol. configure server-level options such as deduplication. Integrity Check Status . If you are using the Share authentication mode. replication. You do not need to add Windows clients. add/remove licenses. you can modify the security settings defined during initial FDS configuration. and update user accounts and authentication servers. you can manage user/administrator accounts.Displays the folders that have been excluded from deduplication and replication. you can add clients. refresh the connection. perform system maintenance.Displays the status (or current progress) of an integrity check job. Version Info .These are usually Unix clients using the Network File System (NFS) protocol. including the version of the FDS software. any Windows client can access a share.Displays system events and errors. review properties.Displays information about repository usage and amounts of data written/stored over time. There are two types of FDS clients: • Windows clients .The FDS Console Understanding the objects in the tree FDS Servers This object allows you to add FDS servers to the navigation tree in the console. When you are connected to a server. In Domain authentication mode. you will see the following tabs: • General . and email alerts.Displays the server and console version and lists any installed patches. the type and number of processors. run a server connectivity test. the list of users comes from the authentication server. NFS clients .Displays configuration information. generate an x-ray file. Event Log . reset passwords. From the NFS Clients object. and set server properties. OpenStorage. and network adapter information. • • • • • FDS Clients Clients are the backup servers and application servers that use an FDS share to store data. Excluded Paths . amount of physical and swappable memory. Global Deduplication Statistics .

virtualized disks that are used with the FalconStor OpenStorage Option (a software interface between a VeritasTM NetBackupTM Media or Master server and your FalconStor FDS Server). assign the folders to clients.Virtualized disks configured as storage (data disks. OpenStorage Resources .allocation and configuration Disk space usage Repository resource allocation FDS statistics FDS User Guide 45 .Logical resources that have been defined as folders and FDS shares that are presented to clients. you can prepare new physical devices for use with FDS and rescan disks.OpenStorage Resources represent Logical Storage Units (LSUs). In order for FDS resources to be accessible by a client. Configuration Database . For more information about using the OpenStorage option. Each resource can be mirrored for high availability. you will see an FDS Replica object in the tree beneath the resource being used to hold incoming replication. index disks. and folder disks) for deduplicated data. and provide authentication information to clients. Logical Resources Logical resources are all of the resources defined on the FDS server: • Repository Resources .This object contains FDS configuration information and can be mirrored for high availability. Each resource can be mirrored for high availability.The FDS Console Physical Resources Physical resources are the actual physical adapters and storage devices attached to the FDS server. the FDS administrator needs to add shares. • • • Reports FDS provides reports that offer a variety of information: • • • • • Throughput Physical resources . There is also an Event Log available from the FDS Resources object that displays events and errors related specifically to the FDS resources. refer to your FalconStor OpenStorage Option User Guide. FDS Resources . If this server receives replicated data from another FDS server. From this object.

.The console will update the event log by the frequency you specify. You should not remember passwords when the console is being shared by different users. Remember password for session .The console log (fdsconsole. the console will use the credentials from the last successful connection.Overwrite log file .The console will collapse a server that has been idle for the number of minutes you specify.Overwrite the information from the last console session when you start a new session. Select Tools --> Console Options. FDS User Guide 46 . Console Log Options .Append to log file .Do not maintain a console log. Automatically time out servers after nn minute(s) . Select the options you want to use. The console log is displayed at the very bottom of the console screen.Do not write to log file . Enter 0 minutes to disable the timeout. 2.The FDS Console Console options To set options for the console: 1. If you need to access the server again. The options affect how information for each console session will be maintained. only when you are viewing it. you will be prompted for a password for every server you try to open. Automatically refresh the event log every nn second(s) . you will have to reconnect to it. The default is 10 minutes. . If this option is unchecked.log) is kept on the local machine and stores information about the local version of the console. .Keep all session information. when you attempt to open a subsequent server.If the console is already connected to a server.

Refer to “NIC Port Bonding” for more information. If FDS detects IPMI when the server boots up. Refer to ’Set up network’ for more information. Notes: • • Bond IP The system maintenance options are hardware-dependent. Information is updated every five minutes but you can click the Refresh button to update more frequently. If you need to change FDS Server IP addresses. FDS User Guide 47 . you must make these changes using Configure Network. and Filter. Only the root user can access the system maintenance options.The FDS Console System maintenance The FDS console gives you a convenient way to perform system maintenance for your FDS Server. Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) is a hardware level interface that monitors various hardware functions on a server. netmask. You can click the Setting button to see the current settings. Using any other third-party utilities will not update the information correctly. Config. IPMI is used for remote management and access to the server. Refer to your hardware documentation for specific information. you will see several IPMI options on the System Maintenance --> IPMI sub-menu. we recommend using a static IP address on a separate management subnet. IP Bonding is a load balancing/path redundancy feature that enables you to configure your FDS server to load balance network traffic across two or more network connections creating redundant data paths throughout the network. Network configuration IPMI Monitor .Displays the hardware information that is presented to FDS. and default gateway for your IPMI card. If you do make a change. You will see a red warning icon in the first column if there is a problem with a component. Monitor.Lets you change the IP address. Config .

Right-click a server and select System Maintenance --> Restart FDS to restart the Server processes.The FDS Console Filter . The server will automatically reboot when the hostname is changed. This may be useful for hardware you do not care about or erroneous errors. You must enter the Name of the component being monitored exactly as it appears in the hardware monitor above. Set hostname Restart FDS Restart network Reboot Halt Right-click a server and select System Maintenance --> Set Hostname to change your hostname. Right-click a server and select System Maintenance --> Restart Network to restart your local network configuration. FDS User Guide 48 .You can filter out components you do not want to monitor. Right-click a server and select System Maintenance --> Halt to turn off the server without restarting it. Right-click a server and select System Maintenance --> Reboot to reboot your server. such as when you do not have the hardware that is being monitored.

right-click Physical Resources and select Rescan. It ignores the range of SCSI IDs specified and automatically detects the SCSI IDs with persistent binding. Determine what you want to rescan. To rescan all devices.This option will scan LUNs sequentially and then stop after the last LUN is found.The system sends a SCSI request to LUN 0 and asks for a list of LUNs. Use Report LUNs . SCSI IDs. If you are discovering new devices. and LUNs that you want to scan. 2.The FDS Console Rescan physical devices 1. Use this option only if all of your LUNs are sequential. set the range of adapters. Auto detect FC HBA SCSI ID scans QLogic HBAs. right-click that adapter and select Rescan. If you only want to scan on a specific adapter. FDS User Guide 49 . Stop scan when a LUN without a device is encountered . Note that this SCSI command is not supported by all devices.

The default password for fsadmin is IPStor101 (case sensitive). 1. When you add an administrator. The fsadmin administrator is created by default. They are not authorized to make changes. change an administrator’s password. Right-click the server and select User Accounts. Refer to your operating system’s documentation for naming restrictions. Select the appropriate option. FDS User Guide 50 . There are two types of administrators: . 2.The FDS Console Administrators Only the root user can add or delete an FDS administrator or change an administrator’s password. or access the system maintenance options).FDS Administrators are authorized for full console access (except that only the root user can add or delete an FDS administrator. the name must adhere to the naming convention of the operating system running on your FDS Server.FDS Users are only permitted to view information in the console. .

click on a column heading to re-sort the information. If you want to reverse the order or change the way the information is displayed. Filter the Event Log FDS User Guide 51 . Right-click your server and select Event Log --> Filter. an operation has failed. This is the message number.The FDS Console Event Log The Event Log details significant occurrences during the operation of the FDS Server. Corrective action should be taken to resolve the cause of the error. Sort the Event Log When you initially view the Event Log. records that contain/do not contain specific text.000 records will be displayed in the Event Log. the FDS system is still operational. your current view will not change when new events are added. The columns displayed in the Event Log are: Type I: This is an informational message. You can search for specific message types. The date and time on which the event occurred. For example. If you are at the top of the Event Log when new events are added. A maximum of 10. all informational system messages. Information displayed in the Event Log comes from the /var/log/messages file on the FDS server. and errors are displayed. or a licensing violation. You can also specify the number of lines to display. This can help you identify how often a particular event occurs. the screen will automatically scroll down to accommodate the new events. However. This is a text description of the event describing what has occurred. warnings. Events are listed in chronological order. This allows you to read messages without the screen scrolling. you can sort the events numerically. and/or time or date range for messages. if you click on the ID heading. To filter the information that is displayed: 1. If you are anywhere else in the Event Log. Date & Time ID Event Message The Event Log is refreshed every x seconds. By default. You can view the Event Log in the FDS console when you highlight a server or the FDS Resources object in the tree and select the Event Log tab in the right pane. 2. based on how you set it (Tools --> Console Options). No action is required. all information is displayed in chronological order (most recent at the top). Specify your search criteria. E: This is an error that indicates a failure has occurred such that a device is not available. W: This is a warning message that states that something occurred that may require maintenance or corrective action. C: These are critical errors that stop the system from operating properly. category types.

csv) or tab delimited (. Right-click your server and select Event Log --> Export to export information. Right-click your server and select Event Log --> Print to print the Event Log to a printer.The FDS Console Export data from the Event Log Print the Event Log You can save the data from the Event Log in one of the following formats: comma delimited (.txt) text. FDS User Guide 52 .

Provides information about the overall throughput of the FDS server for a specific date or range of dates.Displays information about the amount of disk space that each SCSI adapter is currently using and how much is available.Shows the disk space usage and layout for a specific disk that can be allocated by the system. repository resources.The FDS Console Reports The FDS console provides you with the following pre-defined reports: Report Server Throughput Report . Select a report. 2. FDS Detailed Statistics Report . Repository Resources Allocation Report . additional windows appear to allow you to filter the information for the report. To create a report. FDS Disk Space Usage Report . SCSI Channel Throughput Report .Lists the physical resources on the FDS server. Depending upon which report you select. including the physical device that holds the resource. right-click the Reports object and select New. 4. size. schedule how frequently you want to create this report and how long each should be kept before being purged. 3. Physical Resources Allocation Report . 1.Displays information about each repository resource. sectors. and percent of physical resource allocated. including the physical adapters and physical devices.Shows the disk space usage and layout for each physical disk that can be allocated by the system. set the date or date range for the report and indicate which adapters. FDS User Guide 53 . FDS Statistics Summary Report . SCSI Device Throughput Report .Displays the deduplication and/or replication session summary information and settings for each active deduplication/replication session. Can be Scheduled Yes Yes Yes No No No No No Yes Yes Create a report or report schedule Each report can be created for a specific server. Physical Resource Allocation Report .Displays information about the utilization of the selected physical SCSI storage device on the FDS server for a specific date or range of dates. Physical Resources Configuration Report . devices.Displays information about data going through the selected SCSI adapter on the FDS server for a specific date or range of dates. SCSI address. and/or SCSI devices to include in the report. If applicable.Displays all of the files that were deduplicated and/or replicated in each active deduplication/replication session. If applicable.

For FDS statistics reports. Reports larger than 30 pages are broken into smaller sections for easier viewing. You can delete one or more reports. When you select an existing report in the tree. Select the schedule you want to change or remove and click the appropriate button. Enter a name for the report. To change a schedule. right-click a report that is generated and select Print. Print a report Change a report schedule Export data from a report To print a report. or Past 7 Days will create reports that generate data relative to the time of execution. You can save the data from the server and device throughput and usage reports. Refresh report display Delete a report FDS User Guide 54 . if you want to see information about the source FDS server. select Replication Client Info. Confirm all information and click Finish to create the report. right-click a report that is generated and select Export. You can refresh the list of reports that are displayed. right-click the Reports object and select Schedule. 5. To see information about the target FDS server. 6. indicate if you want to include deduplication and/or replication information in the report. you can right-click a specific report or the Reports object and select Delete. 7.txt) text. The data can be saved in one of the following formats: comma delimited (. select Replication Server Info.The FDS Console Selecting Past 30 Days. For replication. Expand the Reports object and the report type to see the existing reports. To do this.csv) and tab delimited (. To export information. This is useful if you have scheduled reports that have run while you are in the console. it is categorized by report type in the tree. View a report After a report is created. To access the delete option. right-click Reports and select Refresh. the report is displayed in the righthand pane.

The following is a sample portion of a report: FDS User Guide 55 .The FDS Console Sample FDS Detailed Statistics report The FDS Detailed Statistics Report displays all of the files that were deduplicated and/or replicated in each active deduplication/replication session.

The FDS Console Sample FDS Statistics Summary report The FDS Statistics Summary Report displays the deduplication and/or replication session summary information and settings for each active deduplication/replication session. FDS User Guide 56 .

Determine how often the system should check and attempt to resynchronize active out-of-sync mirrors. how often it should retry synchronization if it fails to complete. Click the word Edit in the Properties column to change purge and schedule settings. including all data read. The target server you specify in the Ftp Server Name field must have FTP server installed and enabled. This information is used to generate information for the FDS reports. such as if your mirror is remotely located. Synchronize Out-of-Sync Mirrors . FDS User Guide 57 . The directory name you enter here (such as fdsconfig) is a directory on the FTP server (for example ftp\fdsconfig). 5. Refer to ’SNMP traps’ for more information. Right-click the server and select Properties. 2. The Activity Log is a database that tracks all system activity. If a mirror is suspended because the lag time exceeds the acceptable limit.The number of commands being processed at one time and the I/O size. Auto Save takes a point-in-time snapshot of the FDS server configuration prior to replication. The settings on this tab affect system performance. number of errors etc. If necessary. The Target Directory is the directory on the FTP server where the files will be stored. 4. This must be a multiple of the sector size. indicate how often the FDS activity data should be purged. and whether or not to include replica mirrors. You should not enter an absolute path like c:fdsconfig. that resynchronization policy will apply instead. select which reports to enable. 6. write commands. The defaults should be optimal for most configurations. Select the Auto Save Config tab and enter information automatically saving your FDS server system configuration.The FDS Console Server properties To set properties for a specific server: 1. You can set your system to automatically replicate your system configuration to an FTP server on a regular basis. change settings for mirror resynchronization on the Performance tab. On the SNMP Maintenance tab. set FDS to send traps to your SNMP manager. number of read commands. 3. You should only need to change the settings for special situations. Mirror Synchronization: Use [n] outstanding commands of [n] KB . On the Statistics Log Option tab. data written. These setting will only be used for active mirrors. On the Activity Database Maintenance tab.

enter information about the location of this server and who is responsible for maintaining it. highlight your FDS server in the tree.JPEG format photograph of the appliance or its location.JPG/. You can also include a . set the interval accordingly. 7.The FDS Console The Username is the user that the system will log in as. You can always save manually in between if needed. The oldest copy will be deleted as each new copy is added. To do this. On the Location tab. You must create this user on the FTP site. In the Interval field. In the Number of Copies field. enter the maximum copies to keep. FDS User Guide 58 . This user must have read/write access to the directory named here. Depending upon how frequently you make configuration changes to FDS. select File menu --> Save Configuration. determine how often to replicate the configuration.

FDS User Guide 59 . You can set specific permissions for owners. have write permissions. Setting a directory with a sticky bit gives it additional security by requiring that users own the file or directory. Set the appropriate properties. Group must be a valid group on your FDS server. Include subdirectories applies the permissions to all subdirectories beneath the current one. Right-click the directory and select Directory Properties. and others. groups. 2. or be the root user if they want to remove or rename a file.The FDS Console Directory properties To set properties for a specific directory: 1.

The FDS Console Software patch updates The Version Info tab displays the current version of the FDS server and console. Locate the patch file and click Open. you can apply patches to your FDS server through the console. 5. Highlight an FDS server in the tree. Confirm that you want to continue. Add patch To apply a patch: 1. 3. With this information. Select Tools menu --> Rollback Patch. 2. 2. FDS User Guide 60 . 4. Select the patch and click OK. Rollback patch To remove (uninstall) a patch and restore the original files: 1. Highlight an FDS server in the tree. Select Tools menu --> Add Patch. The patch will be copied to the server and installed. Confirm that you want to continue. 3. Download the patch onto the computer where the console is installed. 4.

Compile the appropriate MIBs into your SNMP manager. You should see an SNMP trap for the event. The procedure to do this will vary by SNMP manager.The FDS Console SNMP traps FDS provides Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) support to integrate FDS management into an existing enterprise management solution. Five levels of messages are available: • None – No messages will be sent. but you may want to configure FDS to send certain types of messages. By default. 2. such as HP OpenView. warnings. • Critical – Only critical errors that stop the system from operating properly will be sent. FDS User Guide 61 . Click Add to enter the name of your SNMP server and a valid SNMP community name. In the console. MIB files can be found at the following location: $ISHOME/etc/snmp/mibs 6. To verify that SNMP traps are set up properly. CA Unicenter. event log messages will not be sent. 3. IBM Tivoli NetView. Specify the type of message that should be sent. • Warning – Warnings (something occurred that may require maintenance or corrective action). 4. errors. • Error – Errors (failure such as a resource is not available or an operation has failed) and critical errors will be sent. and critical error messages will be sent. errors. set the level to Informational and then do anything that causes an entry to be added to the event log (such as logging into the FDS console or creating a new FDS resource). Select the SNMP Maintenance tab. and critical errors will be sent. To configure SNMP: 1. • Informational – Informational messages. or BMC Patrol. right-click your FDS server and select Properties. 5.

or the Configuration Database object and select Mirror --> Add. Right-click a repository. or OpenStorage Resources object. right-click the Repository Resources.Look for space on another hard disk. The mirror can be defined with disks that are not necessarily identical to each other in terms of vendor.Look for space on another hard disk only if it is on a separate adapter/channel. . In the event that the primary resource is unusable. and OpenStorage resources in order to protect your FDS configuration. . including the original. If it is.Specify how frequently the system should check the lag time (delay between I/O to the primary disk and the mirror). Checking more or less frequently will not impact system performance. 3. . FDS Resources. or even interface (SCSI. Custom lets you select which disk segments to use. and data. index. iSCSI). the same data is simultaneously written to the mirrored copy.Select drives from different adapter/channel . the I/O performance is evaluated to decide if I/O to the mirror disk is lagging beyond an acceptable limit. Select an available physical device that is the same size or larger than the selected resource. repository resources.Specify an acceptable lag time. To mirror a group of resources. FDS resource. Select how you want to create the mirror. a higher number may help get a more accurate representation. FC. FDS User Guide 62 . OpenStorage resource. FDS resources. you must have at least two physical devices (preferably on different controllers) because the mirror cannot be on the same disk as the FDS database/resource. type. 2. 4. Determine if you want to monitor the mirroring process. This option is useful if you have mapped a device (such as a RAID device) that looks like a single physical device. To set mirroring: 1.Select different drive .Select any available drive . The mirror disk maintains an exact copy of the data. FDS seamlessly swaps to the mirrored copy. Monitor mirroring process every n seconds . Mirroring an FDS resource means that each time data is written to that resource. On systems with very low I/O. Express automatically creates the mirror using available disk segments. If you select to monitor the mirroring process. Maximum lag time for mirror I/O .Look for space on any disk.The FDS Console Mirror the configuration database and resources You can mirror the configuration database. In order to mirror a resource or database. mirroring will be suspended so it does not impact the primary storage.

If you are using Throughput Control. For example. 8. Physically replace the failed disk.The FDS Console Suspend mirroring when the failure threshold reaches n% . the mirror will stay suspended until you manually synchronize it. • Replace a failed disk If one of the mirrored disks has failed and needs to be replaced: 1. 7.A failure in one of the disks has occurred or synchronization has not yet started. 100 I/O occurred and 20 of them took longer than 15 milliseconds to update the mirror disk. 3.Both disks are synchronized. Suspend mirroring when the outstanding I/Os reach . During the test period. 6. set the policy.Specify what percentage of I/O must pass the lag time test. 5. This is the normal state.Specify the minimum number of I/Os that can be outstanding. The failed disk is always the mirrored copy because if the primary database disk fails. If you select one or both re-synchronization methods. With a 20% failure rate. you set the percentage to 10% and the maximum lag time to 15 milliseconds. FDS swaps to the mirrored copy. specify when re-synchronization should be attempted. If mirroring is suspended. Not synchronized . Check mirroring status You can see the current status of your mirroring configuration by checking the General tab of the resource. If there is a failure in the primary database. If you select both. you will see a progress bar along with the percentage that is completed. mirroring would be suspended. you must also specify how many times the system should retry the re-synchronization if it fails to complete. • • Synchronized . 2. If the synchronization is occurring. Re-synchronization can be started based on time (every n minutes/hours default is every four hours) and/or I/O activity (when I/O is less than n KB/MB). You can see the layout on the Layout tab of the resource. FDS swaps the primary with the mirrored copy. Right-click the resource and select Mirror --> Add to create a new mirroring configuration. the time will be applied first before the I/O activity level. If you do not select either. Specify if you want to use Throughput Control to monitor the synchronization process. Right-click the resource and select Mirror --> Remove to remove the mirroring configuration. FDS User Guide 63 . Confirm that all information is correct and then click Finish to create the mirror.

2. such as a power loss: 1. the local storage server must rebuild the mirror from beginning to end. When you manually suspend a mirror. you must stop all client activity. Right-click the database and select Mirror --> Add to create a new mirroring configuration. Because the mirror disk is located on a different storage server in a remote location. Before you rebuild a mirror. at your primary data center. Right-click the resource and select Mirror --> Synchronize. Swap the primary disk with the mirrored copy Rebuild a mirror Right-click the database and select Mirror --> Swap to reverse the roles of the primary database disk and the mirrored copy. the system will not attempt to re-synchronize. Once the problem is resolved. the mirror is out of sync. You will have to resume the mirror in order to synchronize. even if you have a re-synchronization policy. 2. The Rebuild option rebuilds a mirror from beginning to end and starts the mirroring process once it is synchronized. FDS User Guide 64 . right-click the database and select Mirror --> Swap to reverse the roles of the disks and make it a mirrored copy. Replace the disk. etc. re-synchronizing the disks and restarting the mirroring. This copies differences to the mirror disk. Select Mirror --> Remove to cancel mirroring.The FDS Console Fix a minor disk failure If one of the mirrored disks has a minor failure. The rebuild feature is useful if the mirror disk you want to synchronize is from a different server. If you need to replace the primary database’s disk. plug the drive in. such as a storm or power outage. A rebuild might be necessary if your disaster recovery site has been servicing clients due to some type of issue. After rebuilding the mirror. 4. 3. swap the mirror so that the primary data center can service clients again.). right-click a resource and select Mirror --> Rebuild. Suspend/ resume mirroring You can suspend mirroring for an individual resource or for multiple resources. You will need to do this if you are going to perform maintenance on the primary database disk or if you need to remove the primary database disk. Fix the problem (turn the power back on. To rebuild the mirror. Replace a disk that is part of an active mirror configuration If you need to replace a disk that is part of an active mirror configuration: 1. You can see the current settings by checking the Mirror Synchronization Status field on the General tab of the resource.

Depending upon your monitoring policy. FDS User Guide 65 . mirroring will be suspended if the lag time gets above the acceptable limit.The FDS Console When you resume mirroring. For multiple resources. To suspend/resume mirroring right-click a resource and select Mirror --> Suspend (or Resume). or OpenStorage Resources object and select the appropriate resources. the system will monitor the process and check lag time. right-click the Repository Resources. During the synchronization. the mirror is synchronized before mirroring is resumed. FDS Resources.

The original file is replaced with a stub file pointing to deduplication storage. enterprise-level functionality. highlight your server and select the Global Deduplication Statistics tab. To see the status of your thresholds. It also provides integration examples for some common backup applications and FDS. checking the integrity of deduplicated data. It is also possible that you may have manually deleted stub files. or overwritten by your backup application. adding new disks to an existing system. FDS automatically reclaims unneeded space on the FDS Index disk and FDS Data disk. This chapter provides information about reclaiming disk space. formatted. The numbers are adjusted after each reclamation and can grow depending upon how much space was reclaimed and how much space is currently available. the pointers to deduplication storage are deleted but the actual deduplicated data is not. When a stub file is eliminated. and excluding folders from deduplication. right-click your FDS server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Start Space Reclamation. Over time. Contact FalconStor for a Best Practices Guide for these and other backup applications. diskto-disk (D2D) data protection. You can also run the process manually. and data disk) and the reclamation processes run independently for each. only single instances of unique data are passed to the deduplication repository. Manual reclamation Force reclamation To manually run reclamation. The pre-configured initial threshold is 80% for the repository object capacity and 50% for the index disk capacity and data disk capacity. Reclamation thresholds The system will run a reclamation process automatically whenever a threshold is met. Type the following at a command line on the FDS server if you want to force reclamation to run now regardless of the status of the thresholds: fdscli reclamation start -d -F FDS User Guide 66 . integrated replication. and global block-level data deduplication. index disk. Reclaim disk space During the deduplication process. files can be erased.FDS User Guide Deduplication The FalconStor® File-interface Deduplication System (FDS) is a block-level data deduplication solution offering high performance. There are three independent thresholds (repository object.

Performing an integrity check is a resource-intensive operation that may affect the performance of other operations on the FDS server. If you do not select to schedule integrity checks. Right-click your FDS server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Integrity Check --> Enable. FDS User Guide 67 . 1. Therefore. whose function is to point to the repository and is used to retrieve stored data. the system analyzes blocks of data and determines whether the data is unique or has already been copied to the FDS repository. The integrity check can be run on an as-needed basis or can be scheduled to occur automatically. • Enable integrity checking When you enable integrity checking. all of the configuration options that you set are part of a policy.Deduplication Check integrity of deduplicated data During deduplication. the configuration options will still be used when you manually run an integrity check. This process passes single instances of unique data to the FDS repository and replaces each deduplicated file with a small stub file. integrity verification will only apply to those files deduplicated after integrity checking has been enabled. You can run an integrity check to confirm that the stub files and the unique data stored in the repository are valid and that the stub file can generate source data correctly. Notes: • The integrity check will only be able to validate stub files and source data deduplicated after integrity checking has been enabled.

3. Also specify the frequency.Deduplication 2. Specify when the integrity check should begin and. set the schedule. If you want to exclude specific days/hours/ months. Specify when the integrity check should be run. when it should end. FDS User Guide 68 . select Set exclusion. If you selected to schedule the integrity check. optionally.

5. Specify if you want to include all paths in the integrity check or if you want to select specific paths to include. or months during which the integrity check should not run.Deduplication 4. days. select the hours. If you selected Set exclusion. FDS User Guide 69 .

FDS User Guide 70 . You can select to validate stub pointers only or include source data validation as well. 8. select what paths to include/exclude from the integrity check. The newly added row in the table shows the detailed path. The left pane lists all FDS resources and OpenStorage resources. Confirm all information and click Finish. Specify the validation criteria. If you selected Custom.Deduplication 6. 7. Select a folder that you want to include and click the Add Path button.

Deduplication Manually run an integrity check To manually run an integrity check. View integrity check status While the integrity check is occurring. If you created an integrity check policy. FDS User Guide 71 . right-click your FDS server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Integrity Check --> Start. Stop/suspend a integrity check To stop an integrity check that is running. right-click your FDS server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Integrity Check --> Resume. all of the configuration options that you set will be used when you manually run an integrity check. When you want to resume the job. right-click your FDS server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Integrity Check --> Stop. you can see the status on the Integrity Check Status tab of the server. To temporarily suspend an integrity check that is running. right-click your FDS server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Integrity Check --> Suspend.

You will need to type “Yes” to confirm. right-click the server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Integrity Check --> Configure.Deduplication Change integrity check properties To change the configuration. Disable integrity checking To disable integrity checking. right-click the server and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Integrity Check --> Disable. FDS User Guide 72 .

Right-click the server object and select Deduplication --> Repository --> Add data disks. or folders. 2. Note: You may have to purchase a capacity expansion kit in order to add physical disks to your system. 3. Select an available device. 1. physical or virtual.Deduplication Add repository resources If your FDS appliance has additional physical disks. index. 4. For index or folder storage. you can create additional logical resources for storage of FDS data. Confirm information about your selection and click Finish. FDS User Guide 73 . Select the type of device. select Add Index and Folder Disks.

If this folder is also excluded from replication. You can see a list of all excluded folders on the Excluded Paths tab of your FDS server. right-click the folder and select Deduplication --> Include in Deduplication.Deduplication Exclude folders from deduplication By default. Exclude If you want to exclude a folder (and its sub-folders) from deduplication. all folders are included for deduplication. You will see an amber X icon on every folder that is excluded. Include To include a folder that was previously excluded. the icon will be half amber and half gray. FDS User Guide 74 . you can right-click the folder and select Deduplication --> Exclude from Deduplication.

NetBackup Client Service and NetBackup Remote Manager and Monitor Service. It is not meant to provide NetBackup installation instructions and does not offer any fine-tuning tips. Integrating FDS into a NetBackup environment is an easy process that just requires IP connections to your IP network. Contact FalconStor for a Best Practices Guide for these and other backup applications. you must have a previouslycreated user (such as a Guest user) that has access to the FDS share and is a member of the Administrators and Backup Operators groups. 2. FDS User Guide 75 . The following is the general procedure for configuring NetBackup to work with FDS. This user will need to start two NetBackup services. This NetBackup user must have access to the CIFS share in order to use it as a storage unit. When installing NetBackup software on a Windows platform. the current user (generally the administrator) is used by default. Configure NetBackup to work with FDS. in order to ensure that NetBackup will have access to the FDS share. Map a CIFS share to your NetBackup machine.Deduplication Integration examples The following examples provide integration information for some common backup applications and FDS. Veritas™ NetBackup™ Do the following to configure Veritas NetBackup on Windows Server 2003/2008 to back up files to an FDS share: 1. contact FalconStor for the FalconStor FDS Best Practices Guide for NetBackup. If you are interested in optimizing your FDS/NetBackup configuration. In addition if you are using shared mode for authentication.

• In your Backup Exec console.cfg files. Integrating FDS into a Backup Exec environment is an easy process that just requires IP connections to your IP network. contact FalconStor for the FalconStor FDS Best Practices Guide for Backup Exec.bkf extension that contains the backup data and two . Use NetBackup to back up data to the FDS share. Select folders/files to back up. 3. Backup Exec can only configure an FDS share if the share is created with the same password as the administrator's password that is used on the client side. you will need to set up a Backup-to-Disk folder in the Devices tab. Symantec™ Backup Exec™ Do the following to configure Symantec Backup Exec to back up files to an FDS share: 1. click the Job Monitor button/tab and double-click your job. The following is the general procedure for configuring Backup Exec to work with FDS. Monitor the deduplication process. and check deduplication results. It is not meant to provide Backup Exec installation instructions and does not offer any fine-tuning tips. if desired. except set Allocate number of backup sets per backup-to disk file to 1. Use NetBackup to create a new Storage Unit and point it to your FDS share by putting the UNC path to the share. Notes: • • If you are using multiple shares with Backup Exec. Run the backup job. Monitor the deduplication process. Accept all default settings except that you must select the Backup-toDisk resource created above as the target device. Configure Backup Exec to work with FDS. all of the shares must have the same password. Use the default settings.Deduplication 3. Note the name of the . FDS User Guide 76 . If you are interested in optimizing your FDS/Backup Exec configuration. 2. 4. and then check deduplication results. if desired. Map the CIFS share to your Backup Exec machine. a file with a . You will see a set of files created by Backup Exec. • Launch the Backup Wizard (click the Backup button/tab on the left) and create a backup job with custom settings. 4. To monitor the backup job in Backup Exec. 5.bkf file.

Deduplication statistics Highlight the Deduplication tab to see deduplication statistics for all FDS resources as well as your deduplication settings. If deduplication is currently taking place. you can see the status in the bottom section of the screen. you can view the following: • • • Status of active deduplication and replication jobs Deduplication and replication history and statistics Repository statistics FDS Resources statistics From the FDS Resources object. which includes the aggregate of all FDS resources. FDS User Guide 77 .Total number of files. Files . files that were excluded. you can see the status of active jobs as well as deduplication and replication statistics.Statistics From the console. This includes files that have been deduplicated. and files awaiting deduplication.

FDS User Guide 78 . Status includes when deduplication started. If deduplication is currently taking place.Total number of files that have not yet been deduplicated. amount of unique data. how many were actually deduplicated. how many files were processed. Deduplication Ratio . Files Awaiting Deduplication . Represented Data . how long it has been running. This does not include excluded files (smaller than 8 KB or user-configured exclusions). This is a cumulative ratio across all FDS resources.Total size of files copied to all FDS resources (including those that have not yet been deduplicated). total data size represented.Total amount of data represented / (divided by) the total amount of unique data stored. you can see the status in the bottom section of the screen (below your deduplication settings). Replication statistics Highlight the Replication tab to see replication statistics for all FDS resources as well as your replication settings.Total number of files that have been deduplicated.Total size of files that have not yet been deduplicated. current throughput. Space Used by Files Awaiting Deduplication . Unique Data .Total size of data stored in the repository.Statistics Deduplicated Files . and the file currently being processed.

Statistics

Files - Total number of files. This includes files that have been replicated, files that were excluded, and files awaiting replication. Replicated Files - Total number of files replicated. Depending upon how replication was configured, this may not include excluded files. Files Awaiting Replication - Total number of files that have not yet been replicated. Space Used by Files Awaiting Replication - Total size of files that have not yet been replicated. Data Replicated - Total amount of data replicated. Unique Data Replicated - Total amount of unique data replicated. If replication is currently taking place, you can see the status in the bottom section of the screen (below your replication settings). Status includes when replication started, how long it has been running, how many files were processed, how many were actually replicated, total data size represented, amount of unique data, current throughput, and the file currently being processed.

Resource-level statistics
When you select the Device Statistics tab for an FDS resource, you will see how much physical storage you have and how much is used as well as deduplication and replication statistics. The deduplication and replication status is the same type of information that is presented at the FDS Resources object level except that here it is only for the shares on this FDS resource. Refer to ’FDS Resources statistics’ for a description of the fields listed here.

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Statistics

Share and folder-level statistics
General tab When you highlight a folder or share, the General tab displays information about that share/folder. Here, you will find the path for the share, which can be useful for mapping/mounting shares. Additional information is displayed if the folder has been shared, including share settings.

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Statistics

Aggregate Statistics tab

When you highlight a folder, share, or directory, the Aggregate Statistics tab displays deduplication and replication statistics for the folder/share/directory and all subdirectories below that share/folder. The information here is similar to the information that is presented for the resource or at the FDS Resources object level. Refer to ’FDS Resources statistics’ for a description of the fields listed on the Aggregate Statistics tab.

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you will see a progress bar for the file currently being deduplicated.The ratio between the original file size and the amount of unique data moved to the repository. If you see a ratio of ALL:1. Stub size .Indicates whether the file has been replicated yet. Unique data . the file’s data was already in the repository and no new unique data was stored for this file. This field is only valid for files. Deduplication Status .Statistics Deduplication & Replication tab When you highlight a folder or share.The size of the file before deduplication.The amount of unique data that has been moved to the repository. FDS User Guide 82 . While deduplication is occurring. Deduplication ratio .The name of the file or folder.The date and time the file was last modified. Last Modified Time .A stub file is a small file that replaces the deduplicated file and points to the stored data in the repository. Replication Status . The minimum stub file size is 8 KB. File Name . the Deduplication & Replication tab displays a list of all files and folders in that folder. Original Size .Indicates whether the file has been deduplicated yet.

select your FDS server and select the Global Deduplication Statistics tab in the right panel. These statistics can be different from the ones that appear at the FDS Resources object level due to files being deleted or re-written or FDS resources being deleted or added.Statistics Repository statistics To view repository statistics. There are three sections in the statistics pane: • • • Repository usage Deduplication results Global Deduplication statistics FDS User Guide 83 .

Index disk capacity shows the capacity of the FDS index disk. FDS User Guide 84 . how much space has been used. Click Refresh to include data for deduplication activity that has occurred since the last refresh. Values are based on all deduplication jobs performed during the life span of the selected server. 45 GB of data was unique and therefore stored in the repository. Viewing data in this way allows you to calculate the redundancy elimination ratio for any period of time. You can identify how quickly you are using your repository disk space and when you are likely to need to add more. and 2 seconds of deduplication processing. while shades of yellow represent space used before/ after reclamation. For example. Global Deduplication statistics This section of the display shows current statistics: a view of the redundancy elimination ratio based on deduplication jobs performed since a user last reset the display. The Redundancy elimination ratio (frequently referred to in the industry as the Deduplication Ratio) represents this formula: [(data scanned)(data stored)]. during which 125 GB of data was scanned by FDS. Reviewing deduplication operations for successive weeks of full backup reveals the true redundancy ratios of week-to-week data evolution and can be used to accurately forecast repository requirements. 1 hour. the system refreshes the graphics. resulting in a redundancy elimination ratio of 2. Green represents free space. and how much space is available. The “needle” indicator shows the current threshold. Select Refresh to include activity that has occurred since the last refresh. Repository object capacity indicates the percentage of total FDS index space that has been used and how much space is available. statistics might reflect 7 days. Deduplication results This section of the display combines data written and data stored statistics for all accumulated data and shows deduplication activity over time. the graphs in this section resemble a dashboard. Select a Unit of time from the drop-down list to adjust the granularity of the graph. Select Refresh to include activity that has occurred since the last refresh. After each reclamation. Data disk capacity shows the capacity of the FDS data disk.Statistics Repository usage This section of the display graphically shows the current state of FDS storage. how much space has been used. and how much space is available. Use the arrow buttons to scan through accumulated data. 2 minutes. When reclamation is enabled. Usage values show how much space has been allocated to each FDS storage component and how much space has been used.8:1. The values displayed for Data written represent data scanned in FDS. Data stored values represent the amount of unique data stored in the FDS repository.

Select Reset to restart the clock in this display. the redundancy elimination ratio will reflect deduplication jobs currently occurring. FDS User Guide 85 . If you view the display after a few minutes. You can click the Reset button to reset values to zero and reset the time to the current time.Statistics Statistics are automatically updated every 30 seconds. Subsequent updates will reflect activity since the reset.

Note: Replication only applies to data on FDS resources. FDS User Guide 86 . Right-click the server object and select Replication --> Incoming --> Select Volume. Configure incoming replication Do the following if you want this server to hold replicated files from another server: 1. Smaller offices and remote sites can eliminate tape backup entirely using the FDS repository. providing a cost-effective disaster recovery solution. you must select ANY VOLUME in order for NetBackup replication to complete successfully. Data restore is quick and efficient from native format files rather than from tape backup formats. FDS supports many-to-one data replication. Select the resource to use for the replicated data. At prescribed intervals. Replication of OST resources is handled by the FalconStor OpenStorage Option plug-in. you will see a new FDS Replica object in the tree beneath the volume being used to hold incoming replication.Replication Replication protects data on FDS resources by maintaining a copy of it on another FDS server. Only deduplicated data is sent over the WAN. new data from the source server is transmitted to the target server so that the FDS resources are synchronized. Note: If you are using the FalconStor OpenStorage Option. 2. providing bandwidth savings. Once replicated data has been received on this server.

2. Right-click the server object and select Replication --> Outgoing --> Enable. 3. FDS User Guide 87 . Enter information about the replica server (the server that will hold the replicated data) and determine if you want to use encryption during replication.Replication Configure outgoing replication Do the following on the source server (the server from which you will replicate files): 1. Determine when replication should occur.

Replication 4. set the schedule. when it should end. If you selected Set exclusion. Specify when replication should begin and. hours. Also specify the frequency. you can right-click the server object and select Replication --> Outgoing --> Start. or months during which replication should not occur. If you need to start it manually. 5. FDS User Guide 88 . If you want to exclude specific days/hours/months. If you selected to schedule replication. select the days. select Set exclusion. optionally. Replication will run based on the schedule you set.

Determine what types of files to replicate. Note that small files (<8K) will be replicated even if they did not get deduplicated. FDS User Guide 89 .Replication 6. 7. Determine if you want to only include deduplicated files and files too small to be deduplicated or if you want to replicate all files regardless of whether or not they have been deduplicated. Confirm all information and click Finish to configure replication.

you can see the status on the Replication tab of the FDS Resources object on the source server.Replication Check replication status While replication is occurring. FDS User Guide 90 .

enter a new share name if desired. FDS User Guide 91 . you simply need to share the replica folder that is on the target server and then map/mount the appropriate share. select Enable Windows Share. 2. Map/mount the share.Replication Recover files from a replica To recover files. On the Windows share. You can now recover files from the share. 3. Do the following on the target server: 1. and set login information. Right-click the desired FDS replica resource and select Sharing. or both. You can set this folder as a Windows or NFS share.

right-click the folder and select Replication --> Include in Replication. You can see a list of all excluded folders on the Excluded Paths tab of your FDS server. FDS User Guide 92 . right-click the server and select Replication --> Outgoing --> Configure. Change replication properties You can change the following for your replication configuration: • • • • IP address and login information for your target server Replication schedule Replication criteria Encryption To change the configuration.Replication Exclude folders from replication When you configure outgoing replication. You will see a gray X icon on every folder that is excluded. Exclude To exclude a specific folder (and its sub-folders). right-click the folder and select Replication --> Exclude from Replication. you can exclude specific folders from replication. Include To include a folder that was previously excluded. all folders are included by default. the icon will be half amber and half gray. If necessary. If this folder is also excluded from deduplication.

Once you are sure that deleted files will never need to be recovered.Replication Manually start replication There are several options to manually start replication. including excluded paths. right-click the server object and select Replication --> Outgoing --> Start. right-click an FDS resource or folder and select Replication --> Synchronize. your manual replication request will fail. Note: If replication is already occurring. right-click an FDS resource or folder and select Replication --> Start Replication. right-click the server object and select Replication --> Outgoing --> Synchronize --> Start. This replicates all files in the selected folder (including sub-folders) regardless of whether or not this path is normally excluded from replication. System-wide replication To perform global replication. files/directories between the source and replica server will be synchronized. If you want synchronize a specific resource or folder. files are replicated to the replica but nothing is deleted from the replica. In normal replication mode. will be used. you can perform a synchronization to save space on the replica. Normal replication gives you the chance to recover files from the replica that may have been deleted from the source. the file will be deleted from the replica. Specific resource or folder To replicate a specific resource or folder. If a replicated file has been deleted from the source. When you perform synchronization. If you want to perform global synchronization. Synchronize FDS User Guide 93 . Your saved replication configuration parameters.

This will not stop a replication that is currently in progress.Replication Suspend/resume replication You can suspend future replications from automatically being triggered. You can see the current settings by checking the Replication tab for the FDS Resources object. You can still manually start the replication process while the schedule is suspended. To suspend/resume replication. Replication suspended Replication running normally FDS User Guide 94 . right-click the server object and select Replication --> Outgoing --> Suspend (or Resume).

FDS User Guide Multipathing The Multipathing option allows the storage server to intelligently distribute I/O traffic across multiple Fibre Channel (FC) ports to maximize efficiency and enhance system performance. The multiple paths cause the same LUN to have multiple instances in the storage server. FDS User Guide 95 . Because it uses parallel active storage paths between the storage server and storage arrays. FDS can transparently reroute the I/O traffic to an alternate storage path to ensure business continuity in the event of a storage path failure. Multipathing is possible due to the existence of multiple HBAs in the FDS gateway and/or multiple storage controllers in the storage systems that can access the same physical LUN.

If either occurs. • Single load balancing group: Once the path is determined to be defective. enhancing performance by automatically and equally dispersing data access across all of the available active paths. FDS User Guide 96 .Multipathing Load distribution Automatic load distribution allows for two or more storage paths to be simultaneously used for read/write operations. Path management Each path has either a good or bad state. it will be removed from the load balanced group and will not be re-used after the path is restored unless there are no more good paths available or a manual rescan is performed. the path will be added back to the load balanced group. there are two load balancing groups. In most cases when the deployment is an active/passive storage array with an FDS Gateway.

Note: If there are two load balanced groups (one active and one passive) for the physical device. Standby . Disable To disable load balancing. you must restart it in order for the change to take effect.sh disable If FDS is running. Enable To enable load balancing.Passive. use the command: $ISHOME/bin/configlb. Status To check the current setting.env. the device will fail over to the passive load balancing group.isuperm. This script modifies the settings in $ISHOME/etc/. 255: error FDS User Guide 97 . Standby . use the command: $ISHOME/bin/configlb.sh enable If FDS is running.sh status You will get one of the following return codes: • • • 0 : load-balancing is disabled. You can see multipathing information from the console by checking the Alias tab for a LUN (under Fibre Channel Devices). you must restart it in order for the change to take effect.Passive path . or Load Balancing path Load Balancing (Active) vs. meaning the passive path becomes active and the formally-active path becomes passive. 1 : load-balancing is enabled. then when there are no more good paths left in the active load balanced group. the alias module will fail over to the passive group.A passive path cannot be used until the LUN is trespassed. you see the following: • • Current. Connectivity status Preferred path • • Enable load balancing Load balancing is disabled by default.sh is used to enable (and disable) load balancing. For each device. The script $ISHOME/bin/configlb. use the command: $ISHOME/bin/configlb.Multipathing • Two load balancing groups: If there are two load balanced groups (one is active and the other is passive) for the physical device. then when there are no more “good” paths left in the active load balanced group.

NIC Port Bonding detects faults anywhere from the NIC out into the network path and provides dynamic failover in the event of a failure. it appears as a single interface with one IP address. throughput is increased by a factor equal to the number of adapters in the group. To the system and the network.FDS User Guide NIC Port Bonding NIC Port Bonding is a load balancing/path redundancy feature that enables you to configure your storage server to load balance network traffic across two or more network connections creating redundant data paths throughout the network. FDS User Guide 98 . NIC Port Bonding offers a new level of data accessibility and improved performance for storage systems by eliminating the point of failure represented by a single input/ output (I/O) path between servers and storage systems and permits I/O to be distributed across multiple paths. Also. You can think of this group as a single virtual adapter that is actually made up of multiple physical NIC adapters. NIC Port Bonding allows you to group network interfaces into a single group. However.

1AX-capable switches to optimize traffic. Right-click your FDS server.The default mode that transmits data in a sequential.Combines all discovered NIC ports into a single Bond Group 0. Bond Ethernet interfaces into one group . Note: If you have previously set NIC Port Bonding. Select System Maintenance --> NIC Port Bonding.NIC Port Bonding Enable NIC Port Bonding You may have already configured NIC Port Bonding through Web Setup when you first received your FDS appliance.A more dedicated. Select the bond type. 4. Link Aggregation mode . 5. tuned mode that uses IEEE 802. FDS User Guide 99 . Select how many bonding groups to use. round-robin order using standard switches. Bond Ethernet interfaces into two groups . Enter an IP address and netmask for each bond group. 2. each group with half of the discovered NIC ports. To enable NIC Port Bonding in the FDS console: 1. the system will have to remove the bonding and restart network services before continuing. 3.Creates Bond Group 0 and Bond Group 1. Round-Robin mode .

NIC Port Bonding Change IP address To modify a bonded IP address of a server. FDS User Guide 100 . you will need to remove the bonding configuration (System Maintenance --> NIC Port Bonding --> Yes to remove) and then rebond using the new IP addresses.

With Email Alerts. Enter general information for your Email Alerts configuration. etc. system administrators are able to take corrective measures within the shortest amount of time.Specify the mail server port that Email Alerts should use. administrators can easily register new elements to be monitored by these scripts.FDS User Guide Email Alerts FDS includes a unique customer support utility that proactively identifies and diagnoses potential system or component failures and automatically notifies system administrators via email. Configure Email Alerts 1. Using pre-configured scripts (called triggers). offline device. specify the user account that will be used by Email Alerts to log FDS User Guide 101 . SCSI drive errors. disk. right-click your FDS server and select Email Alerts --> Enable. critical system components (memory.). SMTP Port . ensuring optimum service uptime and IT efficiency. SMTP Server . Email Alerts monitors a set of predefined. In the console. 2.If you enabled the authentication option on the SMTP server.Specify the mail server that Email Alerts should use to send out notification emails. SMTP Username/Password . When an error is triggered. Email Alerts generates an email and sends it to a system administrator. With its open architecture.

Specify how frequently the Email Alerts triggers and the System Log should be checked. In the Signature dialog.Specify the email account that will be used in the “From” field of emails sent by Email Alerts.Specify the text that should appear on the subject line. Interval .Email Alerts into the mail server. Subject . enter the contact information that should appear in each Email Alerts email.Click the Test button to send a test Email Alerts email.Specify the email address of the account that will receive emails from Email Alerts. Email Alerts may not work if the SMTP username and password are set without authentication. 3. FDS User Guide 102 . Test . To . CC . This will be used in the “To” field of emails sent by Email Alerts. From .Specify any other email accounts that should receive emails from Email Alerts.

diskusagechk. You can add FDS User Guide 103 . Email Alerts sends an email report. Email Alerts compresses it. memchk. If yes. If not. they will all be deleted. If the percentage is lower than specified percentage (default is 10).sh 10 (FDS memory management check) . By default.This script checks memory swap usage. Email Alerts sends an email report. FalconStor includes scripts/programs that check for low system memory.This script checks the disk space usage of the root file system.sh 5 (Memory check) . If the current percentage is over the specified percentage (default is 95). The following are the default scripts that are provided: chkcore.sh / 95 (Disk usage check) . If it is set. If a core file is found.This script checks to see if the maximum number of memory pages has been set. Email Alerts sends an email report. If it exceeds the specified value (default 80). Triggers are the scripts/programs that perform various types of error checking. and relevant new entries in the system log. In the Trigger dialog. and sends an email report but does not send the compressed core file (which can still be large). low disk space. Email Alerts sends an email report with the total swap space and the swap usage. Email Alerts sends an email report. the script checks the available memory pages.This script takes in a percentage as the parameter and checks whether the available system memory is below this percentage.This script checks to see if a new core file has been created by the operating system in the bin directory of FDS. deletes the original. If there are more than 10 (variable) compressed core files.sh 10 (Core file check) .pl 80 (Memory swap usage check) . kfsnmem. swapcheck.Email Alerts 4. set the triggers that will cause Email Alerts to send an email.

FDSmonitor.This script checks to see if there are any logs generated by IPMI for hardware errors.Email Alerts multiple diskusagechk. If it is.sh (FDS status check) .sh (Server status check) .pl (Heartbeat check) . Email Alerts sends an email report. If there are. reportheartbeat.sh (System log check) . Email Alerts sends an email report with the logs attached. Email Alerts sends an email report.pl (Configuration database check) . Email Alerts sends an email report. ipmichk. activity. If it is. If a problem is found. refer to ‘Script/program trigger information’ for more information. Email Alerts sends an email report with the activity file attached.sh (IPMI hardware check) .This script checks usage of the index repository and data repository. You cannot delete the predefined triggers.This script checks to see an activity file (which contains statistics) exists. syslogchk. If matches are found. configdbcheck.This script checks the consistency of the configuration database.This script calls “fds status” and checks if any module of FDS has stopped. If the current usage is above the trigger levels. FDS User Guide 104 . Email Alerts sends an email report. serverstatus.This script checks to see if server is active. Email Alerts sends an email report. This is determined by information specified in the System Log Check dialog. If so. /home could be used in another trigger).This script looks at the system log for specific entries that it needs to report on.pl (Activity check) . If you need to modify an existing script.sh triggers for different mount points (for example.

FDS User Guide 105 . In the Email Alerts Attachment dialog. 6. including those generated by FDS. indicate what files should be attached to each email alert. The system log records important events or errors that occur in the system. indicate the terms that should be tracked in the system log by Email Alerts. In the System Log Check dialog.Email Alerts 5.

thereby eliminating entries that will cause Email Alerts to send out email reports. Confirm all information and click Finish to enable Email Alerts. Modify Email Alerts properties Once Email Alerts is enabled. If a category is checked. Click the appropriate tab to update the desired information. you can specify the general types of entries that need to be inspected by Email Alerts. In the System Log Ignore dialog. and to list the types of log entries generated by FDS that Email Alerts needs to examine. Each line is a regular expression. Indicate which categories of internal messages should not be included. 7. you can modify the information by right-clicking on your FDS server and selecting Email Alerts --> Configure. The trigger for monitoring the system log is syslogchk. The regular expression rules follow the pattern for AWK (a standard Unix utility). 8. FDS User Guide 106 .Email Alerts This dialog allows you to rule out entries in the system log that have nothing to do with FDS.sh. Each line is a regular expression. The regular expression rules follow the pattern for AWK (a standard Unix utility). Entries that do not match the entries here will be ignored. Select the Customized System Log Ignore tab to exclude system log entries that were included on the previous dialog. To inform the trigger of which specific log entries need to be captured. you will still receive error messages but will not receive detailed internal messages. You can enter terms to ignore. regardless of whether or not they are relevant to FDS.

and relevant new entries in the system log. Select the Trigger tab. Therefore.Email Alerts Script/program trigger information Email Alerts uses script/program triggers to perform various types of error checking. no attachment will be sent. Customize email for a specific trigger You can specify an email address to override the default To address or a text subject to override the default Subject. 2. Check the Redirect Notification Without Attachment checkbox. highlight the trigger and click Edit. 5. 4. Enter the alternate email address or subject. FDS User Guide 107 . it overrides the return code. If you specify an email address. 3. For an existing trigger. FalconStor includes several scripts/programs that check for low system memory. regardless of the return code. To do this: 1. changes to the FDS XML configuration file. Right-click your FDS server and select Email Alerts --> Configure. By default.

to configure and retrieve server configuration Replication (unencrypted) Replication (encrypted) LDAP LDAP TTCP FDS OST test port IOCore port RPC FO port CLI proxy port SIR node port FDS OST port FDS repository server FDS User Guide 108 . The ports required by FDS are: Port # 111 111 137 138 139 139 161 161 2049 2049 11576 18651 18652 389 389 5001 8773 11577 11580 11676 11762 18720 23489 Protocol TCP UDP UDP UDP TCP UDP TCP UDP TCP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP UDP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP Description rpcbind RPC program number mapper (NFS) rpcbind RPC program number mapper (NFS) ipstornmbd NETBIOS Name Service (CIFS) ipstornmbd NETBIOS Datagram Service (CIFS) ipstorsmbd NETBIOS session service (CIFS) ipstorsmbd NETBIOS Session Service (CIFS) SNMP (SNMPD) SNMP (SNMPD) nfsd NFS server (NFS) nfsd NFS server (NFS) ipstorcomm SecureRPC channel to Console and Client. Firewall ports Before implementing FDS with a firewall.Appendix This appendix contains information about firewall ports and system performance. you should review the following chart to see which ports are used by FDS. Network firewalls should allow access through these ports for successful communications.

Appendix

Maximum number of data streams per FalconStor appliance
Each file written to or read from a FalconStor appliance is a data stream. The following table shows the maximum number of concurrent writes or reads that can be sustained for each FDS appliance: Appliance Model
FDS Virtual Appliance FDS RA101/SA101 Storage Appliance FDS SA102 Storage Appliance FDS SA304 Storage Appliance FDS SA307 Storage Appliance FDS SA311 Storage Appliance FDS SA318 Storage Appliance FDS SA622 Storage Appliance FDS SA634 Storage Appliance FDS SA645 Storage Appliance FDS SA657 Storage Appliance FDS SA668 Storage Appliance FDS GA700F Gateway Appliance

Maximum Concurrent Writes
16 32 32 32 90 90 180 180 240 260 260 390 390 8 8 8 8

Maximum Concurrent Reads

30 30 50 50 50 60 60 80 80

FDS User Guide

109

FDS User Guide

Index
Rescan 49 Domain mode 30 Configuration 30 Group IDs 36 User IDs 35

A
Active Directory 31 Activity Log 57 Administrator Management 50 Types 50 Authentication Domain mode 30 Share mode 30 Auto Save 57

E
Email Alerts 101 Configuration 101 Modifying properties 106 System log check 105 Triggers 103, 107 Customize email 107 Event Log 51 Export 52 Filter information 51 Print 52 Sort information 51 Exclude Folders 74 Hours, days, months 22, 69 Exclusions 21

B
Backup software Symantec Backup Exec 76 Veritas NetBackup 75 Bond IP 47 Bonding NICs 98 Change IP address 100

C
Configuration 11 Configuration database 45 Mirror 62 Configuration wizard 13 Connectivity test 44 Console Administrator Management 50 Connect to FDS server 11 Discover servers 12 Install 11 Objects in tree 44 Rescan devices 49 Run 11 Server Properties 57 Set options 46 System maintenance 47 Web-based Launch 11

F
FDS Components 3 Concepts 3 How it works 2 Overview 1 FDS Console Log 46 FDS devices Configure 17 FDS resources 45 Create 24 Mirror 62 fdsconsole.log 46 Firewall ports 108 Folders 18

D
Deduplication Add repository resources 73 Reclaim disk space 66 Schedule 21 Devices

H
Halt server 48 Hostname 15 Change 48 How FDS works 2

FDS User Guide

110

Index

I
Index 18 Install FDS server software 10 Integration example Symantec Backup Exec 76 Veritas NetBackup 75 Integrity check 67 Change properties 72 Disable 72 Enable 67 Run 71 Status 71 Introduction 1 IPMI 47 Config 47 Filter 48 Monitor 47

Path switching 96

N
Network configuration 14 Network information 9 NFS client Add 41 Mount share 39 NIC port bonding 98 Change IP address 100

O
OpenStorage resources 45 Create 24 Mirror 62 Operating system installation 8 Manually install 8

J
Jumbo frames 15

P
Passwords Add/delete administrator password 50 Change administrator password 50 Default 12 Patch Apply 60 Rollback 60 Performance Data streams 109 Physical appliance Connect to storage network 5 Delivered components 5 Mount appliance 5 Ports 5 Setup 5 Ports 5

L
License keycodes 13 Location 58 Logs 46

M
Map share Windows client 38 Messages SNMP 61 Mirror 62 Add 62 Fix minor disk failure 64 Monitor 62 Rebuild 64 Replace disk in active configuration 64 Replace failed disk 63 Resume 64 Status 63 Suspend 64 Swap 64 Mount share NFS client 39 MTU 15 Multipathing 95 Load distribution 96 Path management 96

R
Reboot server 48 Reclamation 66 Replication 86 Change properties 92 Configure ingoing 86 Configure outgoing 87 Include/exclude 92 Recover files 91 Reports 53 Resume 94 Statistics 77 Status 90
FDS User Guide 111

Index Suspend 94 Reports 53 Change schedule 54 Create 53 Delete 54 Export data 54 Print 54 Refresh 54 View 54 Repository resources 45 Mirror 62 Rescan Devices 49 Restart FDS 48 Restart network 48 Set hostname 48 System requirements 7 System security 108 T Traps 61 U User name Default 12 S Schedule 21 Security mode 30 Domain mode 30 Share mode 30 Server Location 58 Properties 57 Setup Physical appliance 5 Share mode 30 Shares Create 27 Map 38 Mount 39 SNMP 61 Traps 57 Software updates Add patch 60 Rollback patch 60 Statistics Aggregate 81 Deduplication 77 Deduplication & replication 82 FDS resources 77 General 80 Replication 77 Repository 83 Resource-level 79 Share and folder level 80 System maintenance 47 Bond IP 47 Halt 48 IPMI 47 Reboot 48 W Windows client Map share 38 FDS User Guide 112 .

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