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Olivia Majors

Professor Kretzer

English 2

27 October 2019

Annotated Bibliography

My essay will attempt to answer the question of what eating disorders are as well as the

psychology behind them. I want to find out clinical ways that people with eating disorders can

seek treatment, and what those treatments look like. I want to be able to show reliable sources to

display information about what is going on in a person's brain that is struggling with an eating

disorder and what affects that has on their body. This can be a sensitive topic to some and it is

very widespread and affects many people. My goal is to find out more information on how to

help those with eating disorders.

de Bruin, A. P.(Karin), and Raôul R. D. Oudejans. “Athletes’ Body Talk: The Role of Contextual

Body Image in Eating Disorders as Seen Through the Eyes of Elite Women Athletes.”

Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, vol. 12, no. 4, Dec. 2018, pp. 675–698.



This source was provided by Human Kinetics original research. The intent of this study

was to investigate athletes body image and how it relates to relative eating disorders. The results

provided that major body image issues came out of women athletes. Researchers conducted

interviews with multiple women athletes about their sport, body image, activity level etc. A fact
was created that women athletes don't necessarily see themselves striving to be models but to

look like other people within their sport.

The authors point in writing this article was to interview and show how these athletes have been

comparing themselves since they were in middle school. It was shown to have only gotten worse

as the athletes get older.

You know the author is credible because they are part of a scholarly organization studying

college sport players. This also came from a reliable database, with reliable people conducting

the experiment that were doctors.

“Eating Disorders.” American Psychological Association, American Psychological Association,

This source is from the American Psychological Association written by many Doctors such as

Kelly D. Brownell, PhD; Kathy J. Hotelling, PhD; Michael R. Lowe, PhD; and Gina E. Rayfield,

PhD. This article covers the main eating disorders that I will be talking about in my essay, and

goes into each one and the psychological side to them. It also talks about the treatment options

there are, and how a psychologist can help someone recover.

The author is writing this article to inform people more about eating disorders and how we can

help those with them and what their options look like. By providing sources and explanations to

why their research is right helping the article gain their credibility. The people who wrote the

article are also very scholarly. They all have their PhD and researched many things to help them

come up with a thorough article covering eating disorders.

Guarda, Angela. “Expert Q & A: Eating Disorders.” Warning Signs of Mental Illness, 2018,
This source is from American psychiatric Association. It is written by Angela Guarda. This

website is an in depth interview with Angela. She answers questions such as: are there some

common warning signs of eating disorders, what causes eating disorders, how can you best help

and support someone who has an eating disorder, and more.

The purpose of writing this and having this resource is that instead of just writing up on it

she is able to answer common questions people have and answer it in a more direct way.

You know that Angela is credible because she is an Associate Professor of Psychiatry and

Behavioral Science and is also the director for john Hopkins Eating Disorders Program. All these

things go to prove that her answers and what she is writing is credible.

I will use this in my essay we be able to answer direct questions and generalize things to

be able to overview everything happening in eating disorders. As well as addressing what under

and overeating looks like, and what it actually looks like when someone is developing an eating


Gur, Eitan, et al. “Editorial: New Developments in the Psychology, Neuropsychology and

Psychotherapy of Eating Disorders.” The Israel Journal Of Psychiatry And Related

Sciences, vol. 55, no. 1, 2018, pp. 3–7. EBSCOhost,


This source was found on a database from The Israel Journal Of Psychiatry And Related

Sciences. It provided extensive information on new developments in psychology,

neuropsychology, and psychotherapy of eating disorders. This source will be very viable when

writing my research paper as it dedicates parts of the article to certain types of eating disorders

such as bulimia, anorexia etc. It also presents information I did not find in my other sources as
how our brain stimulation can affect our eating disorders. As talks about the new treatments that

better suit the patient and helps aid long term problems that previous doctors could not.

Okumuş, F.Elif Ergüney, and Ezgi Deveci. “Group Psychotherapies in Eating Disorders.”

Current Approaches in Psychiatry / Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar, vol. 11, no. 3, July

2019, pp. 338–350. EBSCOhost, doi:10.18863/pgy.468532.

This article was written by a Turkish with the name of Okumus. This is reliable because it is

found off a reliable database. This was written to show how some rehab options for eating

disorders are not proving effective. So this professor is showing how group psychotherapy could

help effect and change the way we do treatment. He reviews studies in his articles and go

through what is working with those who have eating disorders and what is helping them relapse

to their problem. As he found that group psychotherapy are proving effective and promising for

patients with eating disorders.

PhD, Catharine Paddock. “Brains of Bulimic People May React Differently to Food Cues.”

Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, 10 July 2017,

Although this source is from a “community” it is stated that this source is accessing

information from the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, lead author Brittany Collins of the

Children's National Medical Center in Washington, D.C. They also refer to Collins opinions and

findings multiple times such as how stress and extreme negative emotions impact the brain

processing of food cues, but for some reason do not relate to people with bulimia. This also did

studies where they took MRI’S of women who suffer from bulimia and found that when

presented with food cues, there was a decrease in blood flow and increase in stress. This is a

reliable source as it is presenting a case and explaining the findings. This article will help me
prove some of the differences in eating disorders, as well as to find some focusing information

on bulimia. I think this article was written to show those differences so I want to be able to

portray some of the same things through my essay.

“Risk Factors.” National Eating Disorders Association, 3 Aug. 2018,

This source is from the National Eating Disorders Organization and is solely dedicated to all

information revolving such eating disorders. It provides certain biological, psychological and

social issues that could cause a person to resort to an eating disorder. I think this information will

be very valuable when writing my essay because I can present certain factors of why someone

would suffer from this and get emotion from the reader. This is a reliable source because it

comes from a national eating disorder website. I think the author's purpose in writing this article

was to share information on all types of eating disorders and what can cause people to be

diagnosed with that type of a mental disorder.