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Managing Sustainable Ecosystem in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
From Year 2008 - 2020
16 July 2008
From Little Victories to Systematic Transformation
Dr Sohif Mat Project Leader SERI email@example.com Ir Mohd Jammal Mohd Sattap JPP firstname.lastname@example.org Ahmad Rasdan Ismail Kejuruteraan email@example.com Dato Shaharuddin Mohamad Ismail LESTARI firstname.lastname@example.org Dr Rahmah Elfithri LESTARI email@example.com Puan Nur Shazwani Muhammad Kejuruteraan firstname.lastname@example.org Dr Noor Ezlin Ahmad Basri Kejuruteraan email@example.com Prof Madya Ar Zuhairuse Md Darus Kejuruteraan firstname.lastname@example.org
Not a Recipe This Roadmap is intended to guide us in identifying opportunities and developing the strategic framework for managing the ecosystem of the campus and realising them. The indicators will be a means of making relevant comparisons. Defining sustainability may vary from one discipline or sector to the other. it is not intended to be a “cookbook” approach for implementation. It is developed based on its perception of risks and opportunities. 4. 10. 6. 7. Activities and the Efforts! The Need Statement and Dimensions! Mapping the Sustainability Process! The Challenges! Making Wise Choices and Sustainable Cost Transfer! The Concept of Future Proofing! Measuring Success and Managing Output! Specific Approaches! Recommendation : The Road Map! 4 4 5 7 8 9 11 11 12 12 14 15 15 17 22 Preamble : The Roadmap Is a Guide. It relates to a unique culture and will develop its own management approach to realise potential opportunities. Defining Sustainable Development! Background! Introduction and Assumptions! Meeting New Demands and Creating the Mission Statement! Cross and Inter-dependency within the Niches in UKM! The Transformations . available resources. Page 3 . 5. 13. 9. 12. 3. 8. the overall logic and approach must be consistent with established approaches in measuring common indicators across the industrial practices and standards. The Group believe that detail planning shall be jointly developed.Table of Content 1. waste disposal and landscape management and planning. measuring research and economic progress and environmental sustainability. 2. The reasons being are: ‣ ‣ ‣ There is no single “strategy” for managing the ecosystem. analysed and enriched by the various related research groups in the campus. It should also be highlighted that while the roadmap is unique in its focus on energy. 14. etc. specific targets. 15.“From Little Victories to Systematic Transformation”! The Scope of Research. 11. ‣ The Roadmap excludes detailed implementation although some specific goals and strategies were table. schedule. water.
This definition can be Investment Management classified into two systems.4 1. ecological and Budget & Land economic goals and benefits. Defining Sustainable Development The term sustainability means different things to different people. focusing to balance the social. Both systems have important functions and exist to support the total vision of sustainable development. This paper seeks to describe the term and its definition.3 11. a subgroup of Penyeldikan UKM Lestari under the niche of Pembangunan Lestari Wilayah . 1. 2.6 12 8. Ecosystem Indoor Environment & Air Quality Transportation Management Water Management Community. Specifically. namely the Human System Biodiversity and the Ecosystem respectively as Management Fig. 1 : Sustainable Systems shown in Fig.2 60% 14% This Road Map is prepared by the Group Pengurusan Ekosistem Lestari.365 Peak Demand Off Peak Demand Maximum Demand Buildings Total Area (mil Sq ft) Total Land Area (Acre) Number of Students Number of Staff (excluding HUKM) 25% Electric Consumption (GWh) Peak Demand (MW) Off Peak Demand (MW) Peak Consumption (MWh) Off Peak Consumption (MWh) Maximum Demand (kWh) Total Electric Cost (mil RM) 4.9 3.4 1. sustainability is achieved when the needs of the present are met without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their needs. Background Number of Buildings UKM Electricity Consumptions ? ? 2709 30. The concept of sustainable development is based on the strong relationships between human well being and the scale and scope of human activities which have an impact on the integrity of the systems. sharing its common understanding widely in the campus.1.255 5. and is designed to satisfy four(4) main requirements: Page 4 . Health & Well-Being Human System Purchasing Materials Energy Sustainable development is a term used to describe Policy & Management development that improves the quality of human life Implementation Waste while living within the carrying capacity of supporting Research & Management Curriculum ecosystems.
Improve employee productivity and satisfaction. Reduce solid waste. thermal. Enhance and protect ecosystems and biodiversity. The efforts in managing the ecosystem of UKM stands from the enormous opportunities that can be gained in adopting systems based integrated approach and design towards sustainable campus. We need to place a high emphasis on high performance and efficient buildings and its surrounding landscape on minimising energy. 3. Page 5 . waste reduction.1. Provide strategic partnerships and alliances to ensure a successful implementation of the programs as well as to be in the fore-front on sustainable ecosystem management with the industries and other institutions for capacity building and sustainable livelihoods. That little steps of victories will spans into a systematic transformation and working framework towards continuous sustainability efforts in the campus. Introduction and Assumptions Today. water and waste consumptions without requiring huge additional capital expenditures. and a smaller environmental footprint. Enhance occupant comfort and health. The physical environment of the university—its landscape and buildings—must also support and enhance the excellence of our academic programs. reduced water consumption. solid waste disposal and landscaping engagement based on improved and innovated technologies. Provide concerted efforts and directional planning for funding submission through OUP and GUP and/or other external funds. and many other design features. Conserve natural resources. water. With these improvements will come a better quality of life for all. enhanced economic vitality. These vital components to ensure the success of managing the ecosystem. Provide the directions and strategic planning for the R & D activities from the year 2008 . and acoustic environments. Contribute to overall quality of life. Provide specific project descriptions to enable the Group been financed through internal and external funding mechanisms. Health and community ‣ ‣ ‣ ‣ Improve air. the Group established the following objectives: Environmental ‣ ‣ ‣ ‣ Economic ‣ ‣ ‣ ‣ Reduce energy and water operating costs. 3. whilst at the same time improve the comfort of working conditions and the health of the occupants. 2. Enhance asset value. buildings need to incorporate energy efficiency. Minimise strain on local infrastructure. 4. clean indoor air. Improve air and water quality. Optimise life-cycle economic performance.2020 with the sole objectives to reduce the consumption of energy. healthy work environments.
Re-examine HVAC systems and usage.The efforts in managing the ecosystem of UKM stands from the enormous opportunities that can be gained in adopting systems based integrated approach and design towards sustainable campus. Work towards carbon neutral design.4118.minimise. ‣ 1 Judith Heerwagen. normally known as sick building syndrome.html Page 6 . measured. ‣ Energy ‣ ‣ ‣ ‣ ‣ ‣ ‣ Maximise the use of renewable energy to minimise dependence on utility power. and other resources used in the economy.portable. Reduce waste water load to treatment plants. and water costs. lower environmental and emissions costs. ‣ Water ‣ ‣ ‣ ‣ ‣ Eliminate use of portable water for flushing. and savings from increased productivity and health. Eliminate the use of portable water for irrigation of plants.19794. The financial benefits of this program may include lower energy. Growing concern over the cost of global warming. ‣ Solid Waste Disposal ‣ Eliminate the concept of waste . The rising incidence of allergies and asthma. the followings laid the foundations and principles working frame for the Group. Utilise green construction materials. Moving towards energy efficient buildings provide a potentially promising way to help address a range of challenges. lower operations and maintenance costs. black and storm water. The health and productivity of workers1. such as: ‣ ‣ ‣ ‣ ‣ ‣ The possible high cost of electric power in the near future.00.edcmag. reuse and recycle. Strive to make exterior surface over soil pervious to allow water to percolate into subsoil. ‣ Create healthy building with low toxicity or other volatiles materials. Since any recommendations and tools may change overtime in developing a sustainable campus. Improve IEQ. ‣ Landscape Management ‣ Consider all surfaces as opportunities including roof. Pending water shortage and waste disposal issues. Utilise local materials whenever possible. IAQ and Thermal Comfort for the well being of occupants. productivity and health gains are much less precisely understood and far harder to predict with accuracy. and monitored over time. In contrast. July/ August 2000. grey. “Do Green Buildings Enhance the Well Being of Worker?”. Energy and water savings can be predicted with reasonable precision. Work closely on passive approach. Strive to improve the quality and reduce the usage quantity of all water . It is generally recognised that buildings consume a large portion of water. waste disposal. Increasing expenses of maintaining and operating state facilities over time. These benefits range from being fairly predictable (energy. Optimise use of energy saving lighting and sensors. energy. Environmental Design and Construction Magazine. and water savings) to relatively uncertain (productivity/health benefits). Available at : http://www.com/CDA/ArticleInformation/coverstory/BNPCoverStoryItem/0. waste.
Sharing energy and water opportunities between buildings cluster may not have been thoroughly assess. fuel cells. 3. There is no existing standard development practices for sustainability benchmarking in the country. Note that in U. sitting. windows. consume less energy. Plant selections that thrive minimal irrigation. The assumptions are: 1. The infrastructure plan for managing energy. the campus should be a ‘learning laboratory’ in which we invent a sustainable future and take the leadership role to address the challenges in climatic changes and advocate sustainable development.and together with a whole-buildings approach that optimises interactions among building system and components Page 7 . cooling and power. photovoltaic. The assets management division of UKM. lighting. Fuel Cells etc although it can justify for secured supply against potentially unstable energy and water costs in the future. The conclusions? That buildings can be dramatically reshaped by combining the results of research in such fields as energy efficient building shells. as such is difficult to qualify the economic benefits for going into sustainable campus although multiple savings can be realised through the programs. Last but not the least. Meeting New Demands and Creating the Mission Statement Can we afford the environmental consequences of carrying the traditional model into the future or can we create spaces ( buildings and its landscape) that produce less waste.S. water. solid waste and landscape cannot be seen as a different entity from the overall master plan of the campus in relation to sustainability. 2. advanced sensors and controls and combined heating. 4. 5. 6.‣ ‣ ‣ ‣ Maximise the quantity and quality of landscape. Some assumptions need to be established first before the programs can be successfully implemented and also realising that changes can happen over the years for reason unforeseen in forecasting the programs. External incentives if any. they have US Green Building Council and the LEEDTM rating system to evaluate and label the building according to certain merits. daylighting. some have begun to question how well the buildings technologies and practices serve emerging needs? What promise of new technologies and practices can offer in the design. Such technologies . 4. passive and active solar. consume less water and conserve the land use surrounding it? How must this buildings and its surrounding evolve to enhance human health and productivity? Significantly too. The inventory and analysis of the collective benefits available for campus ecology purposes may not be fully exploited. equipment. Use landscape for many function to treat storm water and reduce heat islands. planning. The Group represents only as “Change Agent” and not the “Champion”. construction and operational of buildings and environment. UKM need to appoint a Champion in ensuring the success of this program. Consider native ecosystems The Group endeavours that a better buildings equate to better employee productivity while enhancing the health and well being of its occupants. primarily for energy efficient buildings have not been considered in this proposal. specifically Jabatan Pengurusan Pembangunan(JPP) shall take the key role in championing this program. It is difficult to evaluate future proofing technologies such as Renewable energy the like of Solar Cells.
owners and communities as healthy. achieving highest goal in environmental protection and sustainable development. ‣ ‣ ‣ How can the benefits of such energy efficient buildings can be accurately defined and measured? How the best existing technologies as well as future technologies through R & D can be integrated more effectively within a whole-building context? How cross-discipline collaboration can become the norm in the sitting. a cross matrix effort can be seen related and interdependent to as optimising the “bigger picture” output in sustainability programs. The critical issues identified and posted can be as follows. responding to the needs of Pengurusan Fig.will enable buildings to respond effectively to the changing needs in our society. operation and maintenance of buildings? Against this backdrop of challenges and mapping the strategic directions for the sustainable development of the campus. Namely. 5. The Group is of the opinion that within the niches. Road mapping these challenging demands may represents an enormous task in achieving our objectives and goals in sustainable development. cost effective buildings and its landscape that will be valued by the occupants. Cross and Inter-dependency within the Niches in UKM UKM have installed seven (7) R & D niches projecting a streamlined efforts towards an APEX university and other multi-pronged endeavours as a research university. design. construction. 2 : The Relationship Page 8 . commissioning and start-up. sustainable. work and live. the Group proposed the following as the: Mission Statement by the year 2020 Successful internal and external partnerships of research endeavours that will deliver highly adaptable. productive and desirable places to learn.
and health. constructed by developers. institutions. typically solar and wind. Remote sensing. In addition. the urban heat island effect in relation to climatic change study. Heat islands are of interest to city planners. can precipitate higher incidences of ozone by adding additional heat to the overall chemical interactions that form ozone. public expenditure.not to mentioned the energy security and price issues. such as heat stress and asthma. as will greater regulatory mandates and government incentives that will undoubtedly laid in the very near future. And with standards of corporate accountability changing almost as rapidly. will incorporate further the enhancement of sustainability programs in the campus thereby reducing dependencies of fossil fuel upstream in power generation and its related global warming phenomena .the nature of product demanded by tenants. the rate of ozone formation is accelerated when the temperature is higher. everyone are finding that “sustainability” is rapidly transforming from a fringe “feel-good” issue into a “big” agenda item requiring focused. NOx and VOCs combine in the presence of sunlight on to form ground-level ozone. Page 9 . Renewable Sources : Solar and Wind The use of renewable energy. the Renewable and Climatic Change niches will have a significant inputs while a binding sharing of information within the niches may provide a greater impact towards the campus sustainability efforts. causing higher energy use as well as higher energy costs in monthly utility bills. NOx (oxides of nitrogen). stakeholders and others are demanding that firms recognize and act on issues far removed from their core business lines – including the environment. required by governments and favoured by capital providers . can show how heat islands are distributed and help to explain why they develop. businesses. 6. The past year has seen a wide range of industries.Ekosistem Lestari within the Penyelidikan UKM Lestari.provide a redefinition of what constitutes a true high quality real estate value of a property. policy decision-makers. Rekabentuk Lestari with the passive design outcomes and guidelines will minimise and reduce potential active energy design for the buildings. the combustion results in release of CO2. and VOCs (volatile organic compounds). politicians and may others virtually race to adopt and implement environmental policies. One of the most interesting and useful recent applications of remote sensing technology has been the study of urban heat islands. The relationship through urban heat island study can be described when a higher ambient air temperatures result in increased use of air conditioning in buildings. The relation is shown in Fig. Thus. The greater tangibility of today’s sustainable design features are driving tenant expectations for greener and energy efficient buildings. air pollution. 2. companies. when combined with meteorology information and other data through a geographical information system (GIS). or smog. The real estate market dynamics . Higher temperatures compound health problems. top-level action. The prospect of permanently higher energy costs will only accelerate the shifts. The Transformations . Within the cluster itself.“From Little Victories to Systematic Transformation” With global warming suddenly emerging as a mainstream policy concern. stationary sources such as automobiles and machinery evaporate more fuel and other VOCs when the temperature rises. municipalities and the public because they affect energy consumption. as market forces compelling action outpace regulatory requirements. Whenever fuel is burned to produce electricity.
000 energy retrofits and concluded that the average payback period was just over three years. Water: Develop building system approaches to net zero water consumption. in the late 1990s examined over 1. age. 1. energy. Page 10 . Develop mixed-mode building systems for new and existing buildings that support natural conditioning integrated with advanced mechanical and control systems. productivity. and health. U. Land Use and Landscape: Quantify the impacts of land use and transit-oriented planning on energy. onsite (“distributed”) energy generation (specifically renewable energy). Further develop technologies for power demand management. Energy: Develop high performance climate-responsive building envelopes and their integration with HVAC and lighting systems. This area would develop performance assessment protocols. 4. condition.. This area would advance building information models (BIM). façade-integrated HVAC. Examine health impacts of moisture and microorganisms.Market Fundamental.4%. The record is unambiguous with respect to energy-efficiency initiatives. 2. Number 57. 5. Evaluation and metrics: Develop and test effective building performance metrics and field evaluations for sustainability. November 2007 by Andrew J. 3.e. combining rain capture with potable to grey to black water reuse incorporating water efficient technologies and operations both inside and outside buildings. One early study by the Energy Cost Savings Council. Quantify impacts of IEQ on performance. style of construction) makes blanket statements essentially meaningless. Nelson.S. 6. however. RREEF Research. 2 Understanding the steps and actions required for systematic approach and transformations in developing the Road Map for sustainable ecosystem for UKM. Investment Real Estate . indoor environmental quality) for a range of building types. interoperable software tools and product data management to reduce costs and errors while improving all aspects of performance over the design-construct-operate lifecycle of a building. daylighting and shading performance.. databases. quality. health and environmental quality. Develop model zoning in support of high-performance green and energy efficient building approaches. examining features such as operable faç ades for natural ventilation.g. and benchmarks that would be used to compare predicted and measured performance (i. Tools: Establish information technology and design process innovation for sustainability.The costs and net benefits of renovating existing buildings to energy efficient standards is much less clear because the extreme diversity of the standing stock (e. lighting quality. the following categories will be the key R & D initiatives of the Group in an attempt to prioritise the research needs. Many studies have clearly documented the feasibility of undertaking appropriate energy-efficiency retrofits. Prospects and Opportunities”. 2 Cited in “The Greening of U. with an average Return on Investment (ROI) of 32. water. Indoor Environmental Quality: Develop personal (workstation) climate control systems for improved energy and human performance with life cycle cost analysis.S.
The side pictures shown to visualise the activities and efforts that will be conducted by the Group. These will translate into cost indicators and performance benchmarks.7. We need to advocate necessary innovative changes as the backbone for sustainable development in the university. Activities and the Efforts The Group identified that the followings scope shall govern the research activities in managing the sustainable ecosystem of the campus. Building Management System 6. Renewable Energy applications 4. We need to establish and evaluate comparative sustainability performance across every sector in the university and against other successful models. Waste Treatment vegetative roof grey water irrigation conserving habitat 8. Water Harvesting 10. 3. These shall include the following needs: 1. Solid Waste Management 18. IAQ and Thermal Comfort 8. Landscape Management 15. Storm Water Management 12. The Need Statement and Dimensions In designing the efforts. recognise and acknowledge within the campus community as well as externally using various media tools and platforms. Electrical Efficiency Program 5. Health & Productivity 9. Page 11 . We need to disseminate our efforts and success stories to promote. The involvement described as follows: 1. Indoor Environmental Quality 7. Waste Water Management 13. Building Energy and IAQ Modelling 3. we have established the key role for which we intend to successfully implement the programs. Irrigation Management 11. The Scope of Research. Water Efficiency Program 14. Habitat Conservation 16. 2. Energy Efficient Systems renewable 2. Vegetative Roofing 17.
We need to utilise R & D efforts and outcomes. The dimension and the element involve are depicted in the Fig. We need to develop and facilitate a participatory approach through various programs and projects involving various members of the society. A mind mapping is an essential part to develop the overall strategy and planning for sustainability of UKM campus. 4. 10. energy and water efficiency was not a major concern.4. Even if the building automation system. Mapping the Sustainability Process In order to understand the whole strategic programs. Fig 3: The Dimension SubSystem Dimension Materials Element ◉ buildings ◉ paper ◉ food ◉ equipment ◉hazardous materials ◉ solid waste ◉ sources ◉ management ◉ intensity of use ◉ indoor ◉ outdoor ◉ manage space ◉ habitat & biodiversity ◉ green area ◉ intensity of use ◉ consumption ◉ management ◉ storm and wastewater ◉ policies ◉ guidelines ◉ standards ◉implementation ◉ coordinate ◉ monitoring ◉ training ◉ research ◉ curriculum ◉ dissemination Energy Ecosystem Air Land Water Governance People Knowledge Health & Wellbeing ◉ recreation ◉ food ◉ safety ◉ health services ◉environment 9. for example. to blend the knowledge and strength in various faculties and institutions as ‘living examples’ promoting sustainable development in the university. was correctly installed and commissioned when the Page 12 . 5. the Group structured a mapping process which includes and covers various aspects of the sustainable agenda as shown in Fig. staff and student platforms and associations. Nor have many commercial and institutional buildings undergone a comprehensive quality assurance program for their building systems. 3. The Challenges When most existing buildings were built. The Group dimension essentially will only covers the ecosystem management part of the sustainability process.
30 years ago. Page 13 . with components and equipment missing or incorrectly installed. 4 : Mapping Process building was new 20 .Fig. it may not be programmed properly for today’s operations. Adding to the complexity. building documentation often is incomplete.
2. the highest priority deficiencies are corrected and proper operation is verified. reused and recycle of waste. decreased expenses and/or lower risk are not sufficient to offset the incremental cost of adopting the strategy. The next phase determines how those systems are supposed to operate. technology development are expected to make the strategies economically viable in the long term. Retrocommissioning is a systematic process to improve an existing building’s performance. retrocommissioning seeks to identify operational improvements that will increase occupant comfort and save energy and water consumptions and reducing. 3. Page 14 . 4. improvements are reported and facilities executives are shown how to sustain proper operation. 3. Making Wise Choices and Sustainable Cost Transfer All projects have a fixed budget for which costs must be controlled to meet the budget criteria. Sustainable Cost Transfer within a fixed budget is a concept that eliminates certain elements and transfers those costs to other elements that have a higher environmental benefit. air conditioning can often be eliminated through good design. For example. and the budget line items transferred to operable windows for natural ventilation. Along the path to a completed building. Every project includes many choices and requires the team to make rapid decisions. No direct economic viability : Strategies that are not economically viable because the increased income. Economically viable : Strategies that are economically viable because the increased income. Flexibility provides economic viability : Strategies where providing the flexibility to implement solutions at a later date is economically viable because the increased income. A comprehensive testing of building systems with the goal of improving quality — retrocommissioning — allows building deficiencies to be identified and corrected for optimum energy use. inflation. In the planning phase. and a prioritised list of operating deficiencies is prepared. However. A common strategy in cost transfer is to move mechanical systems budgets to building envelope budgets. Retrocommissioning may induced of four phases. 1. the building may not be operating at peak efficiency today. We grouped some typical sustainable choices into three categories of relative economic viability: 1.The result is a building using more energy to accomplish less. During the course of actions. 2. decreased expenses and/or lower risk are not sufficient to offset the incremental cost of adopting the strategy for a short term investor. 11. Using a whole-building systems approach. In the hand-off phase. the building systems to be analysed are identified. During the implementation phase. these sustainable cost transfer and its choices will be the backbone and criteria providing the decision making process of the Group. decreased expenses and/or lower risk are sufficient to offset the incremental cost of adopting the strategy. the Group must make a series of choices to determine the makeup of the final constructed project. Even if it was fully commissioned when built.
The same will be applied to water (perhaps gallons or litre of water used per square meter of per occupants). also known as the building energy index. The difficult part will be to relate the ergonomics (health and Fig. What energy changes are in the future? What will be the cost of energy? Limiting risk of the unknown through creating energy efficient structures. In cases where the technology has not arrived or costs are too high to implement today (i. Creating healthy buildings with good indoor air quality limits risk to the occupants and increase their productivity. rainwater re-use.” The baseline study may cover various areas as shown in Fig. The Concept of Future Proofing What is the value of providing flexibility to be able to respond to future change? Consider the value of Future Proofing. Measuring Success and Managing Output That is simple .12. Create buildings that are better able to respond to the rapid change in our society. The benchmark used to compare building energy consumption is expressed in energy use per square foot of floor area. Infrastructure should be provided for their future implementation. The Group can look at the utility bills and see the effect retrocommissioning has. 13.). 5. Then we look at before and after for each measure. With these measurements. can help “future proof” the portfolio. 5: The Baseline Study Page 15 . including potentially unstable energy and water costs. different size buildings with similar uses can be compared. data upgrades. reasonable assumptions should be made about future technologies and shortages. photovoltaics. and providing the potential for future technology implementation within a building’s design. Typically. fuel cells.“We start with a ‘before’ baseline and utility analysis as well as an energy-use benchmark. What will be the cost of water in the future? Is water a finite resource? How can a company limit the future risk of high water costs? Implementing strategies today that limit the exposure providing infrastructure to incorporate or adapt to future technologies is a future proofing strategy.e. this is reported either as Btus per square foot or kilowatt-hours per square meter. etc.
6. 6 : Building Energy Index in Malaysian MS1525:2001 300 107 138 180 205 222 225 150 75 Average Government 0 Benchmark Recommended Private Energy consumption per floor area Water consumption per floor area Monthly and yearly total waste production per capita (categorise) Comparative ground water quality Total pesticide usage Thermal comfort kWhr per m2 gallons or litre per m2 tons per year per capita.productivity) with indoor environmental quality efforts vis-a-vis thermal comfort and air quality. Some reference of building energy index in Malaysian buildings are provided as shown in Fig. tons per month per capita percentage improved gallons or litre per month Percentage People Dissatisfied against Predicted Mean Vote tons Green House Gases emissions Page 16 . key indicators will be used in measuring the performance of a success retrocommissioning of the buildings. These may include the followings: KTAK Building Fig. In general.
5. Reuse Rainwater : The primary system consists of the collection of rainwater from a clean roof surface. porous asphalt.) for irrigation. Use soil moisture sensors or weather station based high efficiency irrigation systems to trigger water delivery to plants as needed. 1. treated and distribute re-use wastewater for flushing Re-use of greywater (all wastewater except for toilets including sinks. To reduce potable water usage and decrease wastewater production and resulting pollution. increase groundwater recharge and filter water. This requires that it first be collected separately from the toilet flows (blackwater). Reuse of Greywater fro Irrigation 2. filtration. 3. and water saving showers up to 40% reduction. Rainwater Harvesting for Flushing Toilets 1.Introduction above. Water Conservation To reduce potable water usage and the production of sewage 1. storage in cisterns. showers. Use native or adapted exotics that are planted in correct plant associations to ensure that areas have the same water requirements. Improve soil quality which reduces compaction. flushing reduction of up to 40%. 1. Permeable Surfaces on Sidewalks and Streets To reduce stormwater run-off quantities. Use Permeable Surfaces such as porous concrete. laundry facilities. Use of flow reduction aerators. Treated Effluent for Flushing Toilets To reduce potable water usage and decrease wastewater production and resulting pollution. 3. Install green space that serves a dual purpose of providing an aesthetic amenity and treatment for stormwater run-off. the Group substantiated more specific approaches that will be used to enhance the sustainability programs of the Group as table below: Activities 1 Water 1. It needs to be pressurized and distributed. 4. Collect. 2. Stormwater Treatment and Detention 1. etc. Reduce dependence on irrigation using native and adapted plants that withstand drought conditions.14. pressurization. 1. To increase stormwater quality. Use temporary irrigation systems to establish plantings in the first two years. Specific Approaches Although the principles have been laid as described in 2. To reduce run-off generated by the building and to reduce potable water usage. Implement water conserving fixtures or eliminate a landscape irrigation system. Page 17 . reinforced grass and paving block with planted joints. interlocking concrete pavers. It needs to be stored and potentially treated (filtered) prior to use. improves absorption capability and improves performance of the plants. The irrigation is via subsurface drip irrigation. Goals Strategies Water efficient Landscaping Make landscape and maintenance choices that support water conservation. and plumbing back to toilets.
e. Utilized in this stage of design would be high efficiency HVAC systems. Page 18 . 4. Initial costs. daylighting. including glazing selection. improved efficiencies and selecting passive energy strategies before active energy strategies. retroﬁt existing buildings to their maximum energy efﬁciency. When possible. a reduction in energy costs will meet or exceed any additional piping costs. location of windows and other openings. use ﬂat panel vs. roof colour. wall construction.Activities 2 Energy and Atmosphere Goals Strategies 1. and various combined heat and power alternatives. natural ventilation.. 8. Integrated Design (Whole Building Design) Throughout both active and passive decision making. use occupancy sensors). Internal loads 5. etc. Centralised Chilled Water System If buildings are closely located to the UKM central plant. 3. Strategies for massing.. Maximise plug-in unit efﬁciencies (i. Integrate a well-controlled daylighting system with other building systems and the overall building design—footprint. Make use of thermal mass to absorb heat and shift peak heating to off-peak hours. and others lend themselves well to this purpose. Reduce thermal loads entering the building as much as possible. thermal storage. the design team applies more active systems. After all passive strategies have been pursued. The key is to match those strategies most appropriate to the building or community needs while balancing the positive and negative consequences delivered in each. 2. Maximise lighting efﬁciencies and reduce heat gain. a central chilled water system. and building shape. The provision of an energy efficient chilled water source. CRT computers. and environmental costs are highly dependent on the amount of such active control that is required. surface reﬂection. siting.). occupancy sensors on power strips. 6. Consider building envelope design carefully. adding vegetation. strategies must be balanced wherein needs and costs are considered in the context of the entire building. window and door shading. Consider designed or redesign ﬂoor and ceiling surfaces to take advantage of thermal mass. and light distribution). 7. Light the minimum area for the minimum time (i.e. Reducing internal loads. envelope. life costs.
This means that the ratio of the maximum to minimum loads is relatively close to one. Reduce the use of energy to the minimum. 3. 1. Compensate for CO2 emissions associated with energy production. or biotech facilities. 1. 2. The modularity and easily distributed nature of PVs would allow the development to install the modules as building progressed rather than having to build a central facility with an oversized production capacity. health. The hydrogen is supplied to the fuel cell. i.) To provide electricity and heat supply security using the emerging technology of fuel cells. Distributed generation : Fuel cells can function as stand-alone generating systems and can be placed within a distributed power network with each system serving its own building or development block and supplying any excess production to the grid. intake louvers. a fuel cell.Activities Goals Strategies The scheduling and operation of the cogen plant can be used not only to reduce dependency on the electrical grid. which can be achieved by running the cogen plant at times of peak load and turning it off at times of minimal usage. Security of the electricity supply and minimized infrastructure cost for heat transmission suggest the locating of the generation facility in close proximity to the loads. and economic value by providing enhanced indoor environmental quality. 2. into hydrogen. Improve air quality and thermal comfort to remove sick-building syndrome for the health of the occupants. the strategy in building integrated PVs (BIPV) coupled with escalating utility rates and rebate programs have allowed an increasing number of developments to take advantage of the clean. Reduce noise for occupants satisfaction and productivity.e. and direct electrical current. flue vents. heat. namely office buildings. modular power that PVs provide. Derive all electric power and heating from non-fossil fuel sources. 3 Solid Waste Managment Page 19 . reduced infrastructure cost. Photovoltaic Cells To enhance electrical supply security through the distributed use of photovoltaic technology. Improve daylighting to enhance visual acuity. computer server farms. and a DC to AC inverter. A better load factor will give UKM more leverage in negotiating for better utility rates. but also to improve the load factor of the entire property. Carbon Neutrality To reduce and compensate for carbon dioxide emissions. laboratories. which allows the hydrogen and atmospheric oxygen to combine producing water. Fuel Cells (Fuel cell power plants consist of a fuel reformer. productivity. Although still a premium product. etc. The reformer converts a hydrocarbon fuel. Centralized Generation : The benefits of a centralized scheme are greater maintenance efficiencies. 3. and localization of associated architectural elements. Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) To add aesthetic. such as propane or natural gas. Co-generation (Electricity and Chilled Water Supply) To enhance district energy supply quality while simultaneously minimizing the cost of that supply.
5. Strategies Require space and access dedicated to the storage and collection of recycling.Activities Goals 1. 9. Recycling Facilitate recycling in occupied buildings. Identify and catalogue the materials from UKM properties and consumables such as papers. Analyze the cost effectiveness of installing equipment such as compactors and waste and recycling chutes. 8. 5. roofing insulation.) 4 Landscape management Increase demand for renewable and green materials. Develop a comprehensive waste management plan. 7. doors and plywood. 6. 2. Challenge the design team to create an innovative and attractive building using available salvaged and refurbished building materials. 4. Page 20 . Select one project to demonstrate this strategy. Establish building-type goals for recycling and identify potential savings to tenants. Identify commonly used recycled content materials. Target a project that will benefit from communicating this strategy to potential tenants and the community. brick and timbers. Renewable Materials (such as bio-based panels. brick. and to reduce transportation costs and the associated environmental impacts. Purchase locally manufactured products to support and strengthen our local economy. 3. 1. 2. that can be salvaged and refurbished for reuse. Provide tenant education to increase awareness and encourage recycling. construction materials etc. Reused Extend the use of materials such as paper. 1. Partner with demolition contractor(s) to identify and source building materials including timber. Analyse possible feasibility of MSW vs landfill within the compound of UKM. Provide recycling stations in common areas of buildings and in the kitchen of residential and hostel units to facilitate occupant recycling. set an aggressive goal for resource reuse at 50% or above. 4. Require garbage and recycling service providers to submit a monthly garbage and recycling report that illustrates the recycling rate and associated savings. Identify rapidly renewable materials and develop guidelines for incorporating into specifications. 3. etc. For the demonstration project. and develop guidelines for incorporation into specifications. plant-based coatings etc.
Urban Design Plan/Sustainability Plan Integration : Mesh specific use plans and urban design criteria with sustainable methods. Produce a report showing quantitative impacts of alternative planting scenarios. Provide a menu of elements that would support this plan. 3. and the anticipated growth in species population. Page 21 . Model and evaluate carbon offset impact. Strategies Habitat plan: Develop a habitat plan.Activities Goals 1. Some coordination needs to occur to reach sustainability goals. 2. stormwater runoff benefits. Environmental Benefits of Trees: Analyze environmental benefits of trees and plantings using CITY Green software. air quality and habitat development potential within the neighbourhood. Review existing habitat inventory and identify the potential corridors. Habitat and Landscape Support our habitat. environment and its biodiversity. critical mass and specific needs that would encourage species diversification.
2011) and the second phase. 2015 2020 ! Duplicate. Climatic Change and JPP established for joint collaboration of the Programs. extend and improve scopes to an increase Gross Area of UKM buildings to 40-60 % of 2011 achievement. The budget will also be covered later once the concept have been accepted and approved by UKM. Thermal comfort within range of 10-25% PPD. 6. ----------------------------------. 6 journal papers submitted. Energy and Emission Modelling through urban heat island studies developed. ! 2011 ! Content Proposal and its Strategic ! Directions submitted and approved. however a detailed planning shall have to address such endeavours. Baseline and Benchmark of buildings established. Improved health and productivity of the occupants veriﬁed. Incorporate green construction materials for buildings accomplished.2020). Cost Implication on the Program submitted. The normal output of a research university such as papers presented in journals and conferences. The first phase period will be the test case of the program which can be duplicated. 7 ! The “show case” buildings perform improve 20-25% energy and 30-45% water efﬁciency against year 2008. The construction guidelines of energy efficient buildings and its landscape prescribed in the Road Map represent a tangible task and output of the Group for which can be used to enhance the whole-building approach of sustainable development.15. financial availability and other resources that may be faced or provided for the planning. Successful implementation of the first phase will be used to repeat on the second phase with improved profiles and other modelling study as shown in Fig. namely. External strategic partners for technical and/or “funding options” recommended and approved. Guidelines on “Energy Efﬁcient Buildings & Landscape Ecosystem” established. Combine efforts of Sustainable Modelling and its physical development established and environmental beneﬁts of trees and planting realised. extended and improved further during the second phase. It is recommended that two types of buildings. networking of results within and beyond the campus boundary. significantly however it provides us the forecasting scenarios that are visualised and to be achieved by various efforts within the sustainable development program of the UKM. The spin-off commercialisation of any technology developed during the course may not be extensively covered in this proposal. 2008 ! ! ! 15 The proposed Road Map as shown in Fig. It may change against further reviews over the years. Sustainable habitat guidelines established. The Show Case (Year 2008 . branding an environment friendly university and other exercises are not highlighted in this paper but will be covered during the planning and programs stage of the Group. the first phase. Recommendation : The Road Map Fig. 30-45% of electrical consumption generated internally via renewable energy and possibly cogeneration for combined electrical and chilled water supply. Zero use of portable water for toilet ﬂushing completed. Non-portable water for Irrigation of landscape at buildings parameter accomplished. extend and improve scopes to ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! an increase Gross Area of UKM buildings to 25-40% of 2011 achievement. Improved and Extended Programs (2012 . R & D opportunities. name the Chancellory Buildings and a student hostel will be used to develop the first phase R & D case. T H E R O A D M A P ! Duplicate. MOA between UKM Lestari. The various target ranges reflects the possible achievable values within the technology risks. 15-25% of electrical consumption generated internally via renewable energy source. SERI. 7 is divided into two(2) phases.End of Paper ---------------------------------- Page 22 . Solid waste reduced to 45% against year 2008.