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Design of tension members

Typical tension members 
cross‐sections Tie rod

rod bar

angle channel

Typical compound section tension members
Design for Axial Tension
The design equation (section 6 in AS 4100):

Ag = the gross area;

fy = yielding stress;
kt = correction factor;
An = net area;
fu = tensile strength;
Correction factor kt

kt = 1 if the end connections provide uniform force distribution,

otherwise the member should be designed for combined axial-
bending tractions.

End connections for tension members: producing non‐uniform stress distribution
Exceptional cases include: eccentrically connected angles,
channels and tees
Correction factor kt
Other exceptions include I – sections connected by
both flanges only. In such cases kt = 0.85.

Providing that the length between the first to the last row of
fasteners is not less than the depth of the member.
When the member is welded, then the length of the longitudinal
weld should be not less than the depth of the member.
Also, each flange should be able to transmit at least half of the
design load.
Net Area An

n is the number of holes

Net Area An (cont’) – Cochrane rule
Determine the maximum design load N* for a tension member
consisting of two 75x50x8 UA angles of Grade 350 steel
connected through the parallel long legs by two 16 mm bolts.

handbook data

b2 From OneSteel
A splice is made in a UC tension member by bolting it to 2 –
300x20 mm plates of Grade 350 steel, one to each flange. The 20
mm bolts in 22mm holes are arranged as shown with a gauge of
60mm and a staggered pitch of 120mm. Determine the maximum
design force N* that can be transmitted through the plates.

60 plate

40 plate